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The Wilmington morning star. [volume] (Wilmington, N.C.) 1909-1990, June 09, 1944, FINAL EDITION, Image 1

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j|23 Wlmingtim fMnrntng Star 1 Sr
—:---WILMINGTON, N. C., FRIDAY, JUNE 9, 1944_ FINAL EDITION_ESTABLISHED 1867
Clarks Army
Plunges On
NorthOfRome
great gains made
German Forces Reel Back
As Lightning Drive
Gains Momentum
ROME, June 8.—<£>)—In
lightning drives of as much
J 26 miles in 24 hours, the
Allied Fifth army today cap
tured Civita Castellana, 32
miles north of Rome, after
other swift armored units
had pounded through Civita.
vecchia, important seaport 38
miles northwest of the Italian
capital.
Only the slightest resistance was
bring encountered by Lt. Gen.
Mark W. Clark’s troops as they
pressed after the reeling German
14th army, which an Allied spokes
man declared had been reduced to
"battered remnants.” There yet
was no indication where the dis
organized enemy would attempt to
halt the Allied steamroller.
Civita Castellana is the junction
of three main highways and two
electric railways. Light reconnais
ance units entered the town early
in the evening. Civitavecchi is a
city of 36,000 population, with docks
that will be of value to the pur
suing Allied forces.
A third Fifth army column drove
j into Bracciano, ancient iron smelt
ing center 19 miles northwest of
Home near Lake Bracciano, and
' also threw an arm around the east
ern side of the lake.
(Secretary of War Stimson re
ported that American forces suffer
ed 2,379 casualties in the fierce
three-day battle preceding the cap
ture of Rome. Total U- S. casual
ties from the landing at Salerno
last September to May 30 were
placed at 57.529.)
Captured in the swift thrust
northward was the former head
quarters of the Nazi commander,
Field Marshal Albert Kesselring.
The "elaborate, tunnelled under
ground stronghold” was situated
about three miles southeast of
Civita Castellana.
An Allied spokesman declared
that "the battered remnants of the
German 14th army are in a con
siderable state of disorganization”
and disclosed that upwards of 40
enemy units were represented
among prisoners captured since
Rome fell.
Both the enemy 10th and 14th
rrmies now have been sa slashed
Up that there is no possibility of
either group sending reinforce
ments to any other fighting front in
Europe. That was one of the
principal aims of the Italian of
fensive.
General Clark’s speedy drives
west and north of Rome are being
accomplished despite large-scale
Nazi demolitions. Every bridge
over the Tiber for a distance of
37 miles north of Rome has been
destroyed, and the main highway
north of Civita Castellana is struck
with deep craters.
-V
Bankhead Amendment
Attacked By Bowles
WASHINGTON, June 8— UP) —
Trice Administrator Chester
Bowles, blasting anew at the Bank
head cotton amendment to the
price control bill, tonight said it
T' “best calculated to shatter
the entire structure of stabiliza
tion,” but southern Democrats in
the Senate challenged that the
Proposed new textile price formu
la would be inflationary. . . . . .
“The plain fact is,” Bowles said
In a statement, “that some amend
ments already accepted in the
Senate and others being seriously
considered in both houses would
wreck the present price control
Program beyond recognition and
create higher prices for every
family in this country.”
--v-■■
US VEGAS, Nev., June 8.—(TP>—
Kay Kyier, 38-year-old dance banc
mader, was married early today t(
Uorgia Ann Carroll, 24, singer-ir
his band,
ft was the first marriage foi
tach.
The ceremony was performed a
30 a. m. by Justice of the Peaci
aul O’Malley with Undersherif
T>- Stewart and Deputy Sheri!
George Henderson as witnesses.
_First German Prison France
mrxn. ..
Canadian invasion troops stand guard over the first German prisoners captured during the assault
by Allied forces on France June 6. Wounded.soldiers are being given treatment in the background. This
is a Canadian official photo. (AP wirephoto from Signal Corps Radiophoto).
WESTBROOK AGAIN
TO HEAD LEGION
Norwood S. Westbrook, the first
commander of Wilmington’s Ameri
can Legion post ever to be re
elected, again was chosen as post
commander last night as the legion
met for the first time in its new
headquarters at Third and Dock
Sts. and elected officers for the
1944-45 term.
Other officers elected were: Max
B. Register, first vice command
er; W. K. Rhodes, second vice
commander; O. O. Allsbrook, third
vice commander; D. M. Darden,
finance officer; W. Jack,Canady,
judge advocate; Miss Stella Peta
way, historian, J. L. Davis, chap
lain, and W. L. Farmer, service
officer. . , ..
Newly elected executive commit
tee members are Wilbur D. Jones,
J. R. Benson, L. E. Morton. Trus
tees are J. E. DeBose, J. E. Thorn
ton, Walker Taylor and Harry
Fales.
The newly elected officers will
be installed - later.
Delegates to attend the state
convention to be held in Asheville
on . June 18-20, also were elected
at the meeting.
W. K. Rhodes, of the building
committee, reported on plans for
furnishing the new headquarters.
-V
City Produce Market
May Open Next Week
Finishing on the city produce
market on North 4th St., are rapid
ly nearing completion and it is
expected that the market will open
some time next week, according
to information obtained yesterday
after , a , meeting of the produce
market committee and farmers of
the Castle Haynes area.
A discussion was held to deter
mine operating policies of the mar
ket. Appointment of a manager is
expected within the next few days.
---V-- '
FDR’S HEALTH EXCELLENT
WASHINGTON, June 8. — (iP) —
President Roosevelt’s personal
physician termed his health excel
lent in, all respects tonight—stir
ring new speculation over a fourth
term, nomination or a war voyage
for the chief executive.
Nazis Say Russians
In New Power Drive
LONDON, June 8.—(fP)—A top-ranking German radio
commentator declared today that powerful Russian armor
ed forces had launched an offensive on a wide front north
of Iasi in Romania and had advanced several miles in the
center of tne left flank. 1
There was no immediate Russian
confirmation of the push, and the
Nazi commentator, Ernst von Ham
mer, did not say flatly that it was
the beginning of the expected
Soviet thrust through the Galati
gap toward the Ploesti oil fields
valley, generally expected to be
timed with the Allied invasion of
Hitler’s Europe from the west.
Tonight’s broadcast Soviet com
munique, containing only three
sentences, said that "during the
day there were no essential
changes at the front-” It was the
first bulletin since May 29 which
contained no mention of a battle
in the Iasi vicinity.
The terse Moscow communique
said 15 Nazi tanks had been
knocked out and 22 enemy planes
destroyed Wednesday.
Early Russian dispatches had
said t|?at “soon Russian infantry
will march across German land.”
If the attack actually was more
than a relatively local operation
among a series of fierce grapples
north of Iasi in the past two weeks
it was likely to be followed im
mediately by a lunge of Soviet
armies toward Warsaw in Po
land.
TT
Chinese Troops Enter
Japanese Stronghold
CHUNGKING, June 8—U)—Chi
nese' troops 'occupied part of the
Burma road stronghold of Lung
ling, second most important Japa
nese base in Yunnam provide, and
have made advances against the
principal enemy base of Teng
chung, the Chinese command an
nounced tonight.
Lungcling, about 130 miles north
east of Lashio on the Burma road,
reopening of which is the common
goal of the Chinese Salween river
offensive and- the Allied campaign
in north Burma, is about 100 air
line miles east of the present
north Burma battle area.
r
Many Still Don’t Know
Meaning Of Letter ‘D’
In D-Day Of Invasion
D-Day, considered by many
to be one of the greatest days
in the history of the world, has
come and gone—yet it develop
ed last night that few Wilming
tonians know what the “D”
in D-Day means.
A casual check by an inquir
ing reporter revealed that not
one of the first dozen persons
queried knew the meaning.
If you don’t know, and are
still curious, oall the Star
News.
-V
JAP CRUISER HIT
BY U. S. BOMBER
ADVANCED ALLIED HEAD
QUARTERS, New Guinea, Friday,
June 9. —(JP)— In a sharp sea-air
duel off northwestern New Guinea,
an American Liberator bomber
damaged a Japanese cruiser, send
ing two 500-pound bombs crashing
off her bow, headquarters announc
ed today.
Patrolling bombers attacked the
warship Tuesday in Warparin bay,
the southern part of Waigeo is
land, off the northern New Guinea
coast. The Liberators then repuls
ed 12 enemy fighters probably de
stroying one.
Ground troops on Biak island, in
the Schouten group, concentrated
on cleaning up enemy pockets in
caves and cliffs east of American
held Mokmer airdrome under the
triple barrage of artillery, tanks
and destroyers. The Japanese re
sistance groups were left when
American forces encircled them to
take the airfield from the north.
These American troops were ap
proximately two miles from Bor
oke airstrip, second main objec
tive on Biak.
Widespread American raids in
cluded attacks on Faleu and Tone
lik islands in, the Truk group, Tues
day night,, on the Wewak coast of
British New Guinea,' and Noem
foor island in Geelvink Bay.
-v
Roosevelt Nominates
21 Major Generals
WASHINGTON, June 8. —(£>)—
President Roosevelt sent to the
Senate today the names of 21 bri
gadier generals nominated for
temporary promotion to the rank of
major general.
He also recommended 63 colon
els for promotion to brigadier
generals. Two of the colonels are
in their 20s. They are Clinton D.
Vincent, 29, of Natchez, Miss., and
Richard C. Sanders, 28, of Salt
Lake City.
Included among those nominated
for promotion to major general
is Joseph C. Mahaffey Tryon, N. C.
Jim Farley Quits Post
As New York Chieftain
NEW YORK, June 8.—(IP)—
James A. Farley resigned to
day as chairman of the Demo
cratic state committee, but his
prospective role in the 1944 De
mocratic national convention
remained a question.
Known to be opposed to a
fourth term for President Roose
velt as he was a third, Farley
wouldn’t say whether he would
permit his name to go before
the convention as a candidate
for president as he did in 1940.
To a press conference ques
tion, “Will you be a candi
date?” he replied as he has
replied for months:
“No comments.”
t The 56-year-old Farley, who
[ is chairman of the board of
Coca Cola Export Sales Co.,
said in a formal statement
that with another national cam
paign and “one of great impor
■ tanee” i approaching, his busi
ness duties would not permit
him to give the necessary time
to it.
A meeting to elect his suc
cessor will be held July 1). —
little more than a week before
the Chicago convention to
which he will go as a delegate
at-large in New York’s 96-vote
delegation.
Farley, who helped elect
president Roosevelt in 1932 and
1936 and was for eight years
postmaster general and nation
al chairman of the party, sup
ported Mr. Roosevelt in the
1940 election after opposing his
re-nomination.
Allies Develop Pincers
On Cherbourg Peninsula;
1,600 Prisoners Taken
------- + -
AIR FORCES HIT
RAIL JUNCTIONS
Many French Objectives
Bombarded H e a v il y
By Big Planes
SUPREME HEADQUAR
TERS ALLIED EXPEDI
TIONARY FORCE, Friday,
June 9.—(/P)—Allied air for
ces, surpassing the total of
27,000 sorties since the in
vasion of western Europe be
gan, smashed at vital rail
junctions well behind the bat
tle zone and at scores of other
objectives throughout the
third day of the battle of
Normandy.*
As the water improved stead
ily, daylight operations were the
greatest today in all the three days
of invasion warfare, and at noon
the 27,000-Sorties mark was pass
ed by British-based aircraft
During this period, approximate
ly 54 hours, Allied losses were 289
planes of all types — barely more
. -an 1 per cent.
German planes destroyed in the
period -totaled 176 planes out of'the
meager forces which were dwarfed
by the massive Allied bomber and
fighter fleets,, thundering constant
ly through'-European skies.
As landing forces pushed for
ward to join airborne troops and
expand newly - won territory,
American Fortresses and Libera
tors, nearly 1,000 strong and es
corted by up to 500 fighters, smash
ed at transport bottlenecks and air
fields 100 to 150 miles behind the
Normandy beachheads. Eeney op
possition in the air continued on
a limited scale. However fliers re
ported ground fire was extremely
heavy.
Ten rail centers on main lii%?s
leading to the Bresti and Cher
bourg peninsulas were pounded by
the Fortresses and Liberators and
by Marauders and Havocs of the
U. S. Ninth Air Force, and the
Ninth’s fighter-bombers alone made
10 separate attacks during the first
six hours of daylight, losing only
one Thunderbolt.
At the same time Eighth Air
Force Thunderbolt and Mustang
fighters attacked an armored col
umn, rail cars, 16 locomotives,
eight bridges, 12 rail yards, a tun
nel, oil dump, warehouse, factory,
two hangars, canal locks on the
Seine, seven military encampments
and a heavy gun emplacement.
Only two Thunderbolt and two Mus
ang groups in these operations met
enemy planes in combat.
-v
United Mine Workers
Get Blame For Strike
Of Aircraft Workers
CINCINNATI, June 8. — <A>) —
George Addes, international secre
tary-treasurer of the United Auto
mobile Workers (CIO), declared
tonight that organizers of District
50 United Mine Workers, had “agi
tated, aided and abetted” the four
day strike at Wright Aeronautical
Corporation’s Lockland plant.
The dispute, which began when
seven Negroes were transferred to
a plant section where only white
persons had worked before, has
made an estimated 15,000 em
ployes idle.
Tonight,, despite a company work
or-be-discharge warning to the
idle, only a trickle of airplane en
gines came from the assembly
line.
“I have received informatyjji,”
Addes said in a formal statement,
“which conclusively proves that
the strike has been agitated, aided
and abetted behind the scense by
organizers for District 50 of the
United Mine Workers headed by
John L. Lewis.”
-V
ONLY “FIRST HURDLE”
WASHINGTON. June 8. —(^P)—
The Allies’ seizure of a foothold
in France was hailed as a “great
accomplishment” by Secretary of
War Stimson today, but he tem
pered his assessment of gratify
ing progress with a warning that
‘'only the first hurdle has been
t>ken.”
Better Channel Weather
Eases Unloading Tasks
LONDON, June 8. — (fP) —
The blustery Channel weather
which delayed the western in
vasion 24 hours and at one time
nearly caused an Allied disas
ter, began clearing dicing this
third day of assault, easing the
task of troops unloading from
light, wave-kicked landing
craft.
Improvement of the weather
extended deep inland over the
continent, and Allied airmen
were able to coast their heav
iest bomb tonnage upon the en
many of them retching and sea
many of them retching nad sea
sick—struggled ashore on the
Normandy coast under a chill,
overcast sky.
It was much warmer in the
strait, the sun shone for long
periods and the seas moderat
ed somewhat after forcing a
suspension of unloading at
times vesterday along the in
vasion beaches. The thermom
eter registered 68 in mid
afternoon and visibility lifted
to three or four miles. .
Tonight rain pelted Dover
Strait but the southwesterly
wind lessened and the sea mod
erated. Clouds sometimes low
er than 1,000 feet reduced vis
ibility and the temperature
slightly and the temperature
dropped to 55 at 10:30 p.m.
Although the Channel was
considerably quieter than on D
day, its ruffled waters and al
ways treacherous tides and cur
rents still were far from ideal
for the intricate amphibious
operation. A southwesterly wind
blew fairly strong in the early
evening, and the sea was chop
py with a swell close inshore.
Eisenhower Finds
Faith “Justified”
SUPREME HEADQUARTERS ALLIED EXPEDI
TIONARY FORCE, June 8.—(JP)-—Gen. Dwight D. Eisen
hower declared today in a confident appraisal of the first
54 hours of the Allied invasion of France that his faith in
the sea, air and ground units had been “completely justi
fied” and that the ground forces under Gen. Sir Bernard L.
Montgomery were “performing magnificently.”
Back at his command post from----i_ - *
a nip tu uie iiivasiun area aooara
a British naval vessel, the Allied
leader acknowledged that one ra
ther strong counterattack had de
veloped, but he appeared confi
dent that the ever-increasing Al
lied forces could repulse the firust
Correspondents at General Eisen
hower’s headquarters were told
that the Allied troops had found
scattered and well prepared Ger
man field defense in some sectors,
but that Allied airpower dominates
the skies.
The supreme commander was
asked whether he was satisfied and
he replied with a wry grin that no
commander is ever completely
satisfied but that the overall per
formance of land, sea and air units
had been magnificent.
“My complete confidence in the
ability of the Allied armies, navies
and air forces to do all they are
asked to do has been completely
justified,” hi% formal statement
said.
-V
Over-Optimism Hit
By Prime Minister
LONDON, June 8 —Iff)— Prims
Minister Churchill cautioned the
house of commons today against
“over-optimism” regarding the in
vasion, warning members to keep
in mind that “although great dan
gers lie behind us, enormous ex
ertions lie before us.”
The prime minister, an old war
horse who gave up plans to watch
the invasion itself only at the in
sistence of the military, side-step
ped an attempt to secure a prom
ise that he would stay away from
the battlefront himself, although
he advised commons to be patient
regarding, the invasion news.
—-- ■ - ■
BANGKOK GIVEN
HEAVY BOMBING
SOUTHEAST ASIA COMMAND
HEADQUARTERS, Kandy, Cey
lon, June 8.—(JP)—Bangkok, capital
of Thailand, received its “heav
iest blow of the war” three days
ago in an attack by strong for
mations of heavy bombers which
apparently caught the defenses by
surprise, Allied headquarters an
nounced today.
Converging on the target from
a great height and from all angles,
the B-24 bombers hurled a record
tonnage of demolition and incendi
ary bombs on the important Jap
aese-held port, and black smoke
“rose to great heights through the
bad weather, pressed home wide
spread attacks on railway shops
and marshalling yards,’ the bul
letin said. Anti-aircraft fire was in
effective and only a few planes
rose to intercept, the report add
ed, making no mention of Allied
loss.
No mention was made in the
communique of. the situation at
the north Burma Japanese base
of Myitkyina, where the Allied
forces last were reported continu
ing a dogged drive within the city
and against its outskirts.
--V
HILLMAN TO BE QUESTIONED
WASHINGTON, June 8— (4» —
The Senate campaign expendi
tures committee today asked Sid
ney Hillman, chairman of the CIO
political action committee, to ap
pear before it Tuesday for a dis
cussion of the organization’s ex
penditures.
Allies Warn Fishermen
To Leave Coastal Waters
LONDON, June 8—<0—Allied
high command broadcasts
warned Atlantic shore peoples
from France to Norway to
night not to fish in their coastal
waters for one week beginning
tonight, so they will “not
hinder the operations of the
Allied forces.”
These instructions went out
from London and North Afri
can stations as the German
commentator, Martin von
Hallensleben, wrote that the
Germans were on the alert for
invasions on northern coasts.
Hallensleben said German re
connaissance had observed
“great concentrations of ship
ping in English ports farther
north, including the Bristol
channel, the Irish sea and Scot
land.”
The text of the broadcasts,
issued by the political war
fare division of the Supreme
Headquarters Expeditionary
Force:
“A warning addressed to
fishermen who use Atlantic
coastal waters of Norway, Den
mark, Holland, Belgium and
France.
“The supreme Allied com
mander requires that all fish
ing should cease in these wa
ters for a period of seven days
beginning at 9 p.m. Thursday,
June 8 (3 p.m., Eastern War
Tiihe) and extending until 9
p.m. Thursday Jure 15.
Therefore fishermen now in
port must remain there. Those
at sea must return to port im
mediately. Follow this order
strictly and quickly. Failure
to do so may be fatal to your
selves and will hinder the
operation of the Allied
forces.”
INVASION ENTERS
“SECOND PH E”
Canadian Troops Free
Dozen French Towns
In Rapid Gains
SUPREME HEADQUAR
TERS ALLIED EXPEDI
TIONARY FORCE Friday,
June 9.—(JP)—The Allies were
thrusting ahead along the
whole expanding Normandy
battlefront today, developing
their threat to cut off the
Cherbourg peninsula in heavy
close quarters fighting against
German tactical reserves
whose advent brought the in
vasion into its second phase.
A single Allied division was cred
ited by headquarters with having
taken more than 1,000 Nazi prison
ers since the European fortress
was breached Tuesday, while it
was disclosed that the Canadian
infantry and armor had taken 600
prisoners and freed a dozen towns
as they advanced rapidly south
ward through woodlands and farms
between Caen and the captured
town of Bayeux, often in house-to
house combat.
Caen, nine miles south of the
Seine bay on the Orne river, was
the center of bitter and protracted
battle against strong German de
fenses, but the Nazis themselves
acknbwledged that the Allies were
inside the city and had pushed
five miles south arid west of Bay
eux, which is five miles from the
coast. In general, however, the Al
lied command kept mum on exact
locations.
An Allied communique issued
shortly before last midnight said
the Americans — who are on the
west flank of the invasion front—
gradually enlarged their beach
heads during Thursday and that
the British and Canadians were
maldng steady progress.
"Ae enemy is fighting fierce
ly,” the communique said. "His re
serves have now been in action
along the whole front.”
At least two German tank di
visions have been identified in
battle. ,
It was disclosed early today that
with better weather the Allied in
vasion schedule had regained most
of the nearly 24 hours it was
thrown off in the movement of
supplies and reinforcements from
England in the first two foul days.
It was indicated that the first
forces ashore Tuesday could have
pushed ahead more rapidly than
they did, but Gen. Dwight D. Eis
enhower’s supreme command de
cided it was wiser to slow the ad
vance somewhat Tuesday and
Wednesday while awaiting more
adequate strength, rather than
make a temporarily spectacular
gain and risk having the spear
heads nipped off.
, Now with improving weather th»
flow of supplies and new units to
the front has. almost caught up and
is proceeding faster Than ever.
Announcing that the first step in
the invasion had been accomplish
ed, headquarters explained this as
“the securing of a foothold and the
defeating of local German re
serves.”
Tactical Troops Met
The present second phase, it was
explained, calls for defeating the
German tactical reserves, which
are those most immediately at
hand, including the 7th and 15ih
armies now being met; and the
(Continued on Page Two; Col. 4)
_\T
Chaplin Offers To Pay
For Support Of Child
LOS ANGELES, June 8— fiT» _
Charlie Chaplin today offered to
pay a reasonable sum for support
of 8-months-old Carol Ann Berry,
but Superior Judge Myron West
over ordered an accounting of $11,.
700 the comedian has already paid
for the purpose. ,
The offer was made at a hear
ing on a motion for early trial
of Mrs. Gertrude E. Berry’s pa
ternity suit naming Chaplin as the
father of the child bom to her
daughter, Joan, the actor’s for
mer protegee. Chaplin denies be.
ing the father

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