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Today and Tomorrow
_—-By WALTER LIPPMANN Germany: The Honorable Solution , his address to the college of finals just before the ^bes C mred Rome, the Pope spoke of courage of desperation” which . Ltilled into many Germans by 15 > belief that we mean “to de finitional life to the very s‘f ” and he asked that “this Zr ’should give way to a well founded expectation of honorable s0LUL°problem here ia how deeply ..H in the national life of Ger r° nv are the power and the will I! conquer. For this evil thing we must destroy to its very roots. Are Germans right who say that ! we uproot their militarism thor nuehly, we shal! thereby destroy not only Hitler’s Reich, not only Bismarck' Reich,but the German nation? H they are right, then Lere is no hope. If, as they argue, German nationality and German militaryism are identical and in separable, tht they have the same roots, then how could an honorable solution be found? An honorable solution must rest m the assumption that German militarism can be destroyed to its very roots without destroying the German nation. The corollary of that is that the German nation diust itself participate in the de struction of German militarism. If it does, it will not only, make pos sible, but it will compel an honor- - *T ▲ A 4t * * 4. * * A ▲ A able solution. If,on the other hand, ♦v, weakness or incorrigibiity, •j ^er.man »ation continues to identify itself with the tradition and ■4 aPParatu3 of military power, it will suffer accordingly. We should be deluding ourselves and the Germans as well if we pre tended that we can know how to separate the peaceable Germans from the warlike. Only Germans by their own actions in uprooting militarism ,can draw this distinc tion. If there is no German rebel ion, if there is no German people s movement against their military institutions, the good and the bad Germans will all suffer together. Fbr we shall be unable to telJ them apart. To destroy German militarism we cannot pause, as we did in 1918, when the occupied territories are liberated. We shall pursue the Ger man Army into Germany itself, and -when we get there, we shall not merely disarm this German Army. We shall. #iot merely see that it is not rearmed. We shall seize control of the whole machin ery of the German state, of every German agency by means of which the German population is enlisted, trained, equipped and commanded in war. This control will be at the very roots of the national life of Ger many as Germans have known it ▲ A a a . - for many generations. The ques tion will then be Whether Germans' will gradually appear, when the authority of their over-powering centralized state has been broken* who can and will develop a very different national life. * • « We cannot design for them the blueprint of a decent Germany with which we could live in equality. Much less can we impose upon them a different pattern of life. But we can make it increasingly clear to them that they themselves can shorten the occupation, miti gate the qontrol and promote re conciliation by what they them selves do of the things we shall otherwise have to do. This is an honorable solution, in the i. highest degree honorable, in that it treats t the German nation as morally responsible for its own past for which it niust at least repent, arid its own future which it can then recteem. If the German nation is incapable of assuming the: burden of this responsibility, it is ;a horde and not a nation. Both among those who wish to make a very hard peace and those who wish to deal more softly there is often a tendency to ignore the primary principle: if Germany is a nation, then to Germans there must be imputed freedom of will and moral responsibility for what Germany does. To regard the Ger mans as forever incorrigible is, in the last analysis, to deny that they are humans. For to be human is to be capable of distinguishing good from evil nd of preferring the- good. To regard them as the innocent victims of a few Nazi gangsters is in the name of charity, which would really be moral apathy, to deny that they are ac countabe, as if they were children or lunatics. The human and the honorable attitude to our enemies is to im pute to them as a people full moral responsibility for their past and for their future. For how can we ever treat them as morally adult and ■ equal in the future if we have INTERESTED Kitties Lou McConnell, at Grand Prairie, Tex., displays interest in the Oak Leaf Clusters awarded her father, Lt. Fred McConnell of Wichi ta, Kans., in lieu of his third Dis tinguished Flying Cross, and his 7th Air Medal. Lt. McConnell flew a B-24 on 61 missions in the South Pacific and is now stationed at Gr#nd Prairie, with the North Am erican Aviation, Inc., Texas Divi sion. Davis Bond Purchasers Salute Invasion Forces CAMP DAVIS, June 8 — Brig. Gen. Bryan L. Milburn, comman dant of the Antiaircraft Artillery School here, announced -today that the campaign for putting the AAA school over the top in the Fifth War Bond Drive will be dedicated to General Eisenhower’s Invasion Forces. With the month of May showing an increase of eight per cent in allotments over April among mili tary personnel and 100 per cent participation in salary deductions among civilian personnel, for an average of 13.3 per cent of their salaries, General Milburr. feels that an increase of these figures will be noted at the end of the cam paign. The total amount of cash purchased of war bonds at the AAA school for April was $53,932.51. Every soldier in the AAA school will be approached by a designated war bond officer during the cam paign in an effort to have them in crease their respective purchases by at least one bond as a salute to the Invasion Forces. TT Pre-Natal Class To Convene Today The second meeting of the pre natal course being conducted here under the auspices of the Red Cross will be held today from 3 to 5 p.m. in the Tide Water assem bly room. Instruction in home nursing and nutrition will be given by Mrs. E. L. Mathews and Miss R. N. Percy. After Friday the meetings will be held on Tuesdays and Thurs days, nutrition being taught from 1 to 3 p.m. and home nursing from 3 to 5 p.m. -V WATER SUPPLY ADEQUATE RALEIGH, June 8.—(2P)—North Carolina’s water stream flow de clined notably during May, but the state’s water supply is'still ade quate, the water resources division of the Department of Conservation and Development reported today. -V The 21st verse of the 7th chap ter of Ezra in the Bible contains every letter in the alphabet. to treat them as if they had been children and lunatics? The honest and honorable Ger mans,when they appear, will not thank us for treating’their people as morally so obtuse and so irre sponsible that they are not account able. Because they are honest and honorable Germans, they will be the sworn enemies of this patroniz ing doctrine, and only Germans who feel that way can ever solve the German problem. Teachers Granted Small Pay Raises ] RALEIGH, June 8-Approxi nately $400,000 in salary revisions vill be distributed to building prin ipals and teachers who have work :d' in the state’s'school system iince last July 1, under a proposal idopted today by the State Board >f Education at its June meeting. At the same time the board tem porarily postponed a proposal to ncrease salaries of employes of the department of public instruc tion, headed by Dr. Clyde A. Er win, and the controller’s office now headed by Acting * Controller Paul A. Reid. The motion to defer for the time being the matter of departmental pay raises was adopted after State Treasurer Charles M. Johnson, ex officio member of the board, op posed the issue on the grounds that its adoption would be quickly fol lowed by similar requests from other state departments. Johnson declared that if certain experienced employes are entitled to increases under the present emergency, the matter should be considered case by case and not as a blanket measure or even one which upped the salaries of a ma jority of the employes. The board had asked its finance committee to include the proposal in its regular report to the board. Members of the board, meanwhile, will study copies of the report be fore the next meeting of the board on July 6. Under the drafted proposal, sal aries of about every employe in the two departments, except the heads of the two units, would have received pay increases. It would have boosted the maximum sala ries of heads of some sub-depart ments from $3,600 a year to $4,500. New titles for the affected sub-de partment heads and some of their Subordinates would have been in cluded. Building principals affected by the revision of salary.payments are those who have been in charge of schools with six teachers or less, while teachers who will receive ad ditional funds are those who have been in the same school for six months during the last school year. The increases will amount to ap proximately $2 a month for each teacher and building principal and will be retroctive to July 1, 1943. The General Assembly’s 1943 school machinery act authorized the pay increases. Under still another amendment to its salary schedule, the board authorized increased pay flor su perintendents performing addition al duties to those regularly assign ed them. Some superintendents, the board was told, are assisting ad joining counties with administra tive school work which have no regularly employed superinten dents. This is particularly true, the board said, in Martin county where the county school head is at tinjes helping the schools in Beaufort county, which has no superinten dent. Two recommendations of con troller Reid were adopted by the board: “The average daily attendance for the best continuous six months for the eighth grade pupils for 1943 44 shall be added to the average daily attendance of the high school which these pupils shall attend in order to determine the number of teachers to be allotted Apr the eighth grade and the high school combined. “Schools having fully established 12th grades for the 1944-45 term and whose eleventh grade pupils were not awarded diplomas from high school for the 1943-44 schoo year may count toward the teach ers allotment for the year 1B44-45 those pupils returning to the high "chool for the regular 12th grade, provided such pupils are enrolled in at least three regular major subjects.” —.aa»i THERE IS NO ASPIRIN —surer, stronger or faster than genuine pure St. Joseph Aspirin. No aspirin can do more for you. World’s largest seller at 10)!. 36 tablets 20)!; 100 tablets only 35)!. Be sure you demand St. Joseph Aspirin. Lose 7 Lbs. in 10 Days Or No Pay No starving diet or exercises. Now science brings you the LAN method. This method comes com plete. LAX (a full month’s sup ply of this fine laxative) and s complete diet for each week. Starl reducing today. Go to your near est druggist and purchase LAN method on your money back guar antee that you must lose 7 lbs ir 10 days or money immediately re funded. If LAX not available sene $1 or COD plus charges to CARO LINA CHEMICAL CO.. 157 Meet ing St., Charleston. S. C. Remem ber you must lose weight or mon ey refunded. Act today . yvvvvvvwvv%^v%»VV%*vv*;*»;**j(A | SPECIAL OFFER I V We Will Make For You One Genuine V 8”xl0” Silvertone Delux Portrait V I This offer voia after July 1st >> All Work Guaranteed Clip and present this eu'jpon (J* —at— St »1.«0 I Studio Value $4.50 0+0 f J\embrant Studios I V 316 ^ Front St. Wilmington Hotel Bldg. Phone 7360 V ff Only One Offer to a Customer Open 10 A. M. to 9 P. M. W Summer Time Is Play Time! < * ' The fun of swimming, polling, relaxing — all that belongs to summer. It is also the time to . look your prettiest! I \ Our collection of play clothes includes Playsuits, shorts, bathing suits— every variety of gay clothes. Streamlined large sizes as well as small sizes can be found in our selection of Playclothes. Every woman can find her choice of style and size _all designed to flatter her figure and please the | eye. St. John’s Tavern 114 Orange St. Dial 2-8085 DELICIOUS FOOD Chicken In The Rough — Friday ^——■—■— * -- The Fashion Center 115 No. Front St. SEE KAMER ! , . AND SEE BETTER ; ' ) Cjea Examined. Glasaea Fitted . ;; DR. W. A. KAMER ; !. Optometrist ■ 1' Bulluck Building J SUMMER SCHOOL GEORGIA MILITARY ACADEMY Eight weeks term—June 26, 1944 to August 19, 1944 and June 25,°1945 to August 18r 1945. Offers R. O. T. C. instruction and all standard high school courses and war courses. Courses Offered: Schedule: 1. Military Science 6:30 Reveille 2. English 7:00 Breakfast 3. History 7:45 Inspection 4. Latin 8-9 Drill 5. French 9-1 Classes and Study 6. Spanish 1-2 Dinner 7. Algebra 2-4 Classes and Study 8. Geometry 4-6 Athletics , 9. Trigonometry 6:30 Supper 10. Chemistry 7-8 Recreation I ^Ll. Physics 8-10 Supervised Study AVIATION_Pre-Flight course includes navigation, meteorology, itfivsics math. Flying lessons can be arranged to be taken during the afternoon period at the Atlanta Municipal Airport, 1% miles from G. M. A. for approximately $100 extra. CRAMMER SCHOOL for boys 8 years old and older who live and work in separate buildings, operates during the summer school. 1 In summer school a cadet may ljiake two new half units or one 1 new unit or he may make up two units of work in which he has failed. > : The charges for the eight weeks summer school are as follows: i *Tuition .$170 [ Uniforms. 25 * Books . 5 1 ‘Tuition charges include room, board, laundry, hair-cutting, use of school facilities and equipment and hospitalization in ! school infirmary in case of minor ills. . Address: Georgia Military Academy . I College Park, Georgia KINGOFF'S CONRAfr 17 i«w*l« ♦42s® CHW5T1N* 17 i*w*b DIANA 17 i*w'l» *29” Prices include 10% Fed. Tax on Watches $6.50 up $4.95 up Prices include 20% Federal Tax , j t “IF IT’S FROM KINGOFF’S, IT’S GUARANTEED” \ 10 NORTH FRONT ST.