Newspaper Page Text
tlmttujimt iHnnuttg ^tar | “Sr VOL. 77.—NO. 139.____WILMINGTON, N. C., SATURDAY, JULY 1, 1944_FINAL EDITION_ESTABLISHED 1867 UFA Heads Kept Busy On Changes PROGRAM EXTENDED Price Control Adjustment Directed By Congress In Effect Today WASHINGTON, June 30. —(/P)—Government officials worked late tonight preparing scores of changes directed in new price control and wage stabilization legislation effec tive tomorrow, with indica tions that not all the revis ions can be made on time. The deadline was emphasized as President Roosevelt signed into law the bill embracing the changes, which extends price control and wage stabilization one year, to July 1, 1945. While he lauded Congress for renewing the life of the Office of Price Administration and other government stabilization agencies, the President said he feared the changes made will “weaken and obstruct the effective enforcement of the law. If it should turn out that the enforcing officers encoun ter serious difficulties in bringing chiselers and black market opera tors to book, I shall ask congress to remove the difficulties. ’ An OPA spokesman said that only the amendment providing for adjustment of textile prices had named a specific deadline for the revisions ordered. “But we are doing our best to make all the changes by the time the extension act is effective,” he added. The textile-cotton amendment di rects the adjustment of ceiling prices on “major” textile items to reflect parity for raw cotton. OPA officials were in the second day of a meeting with cotton in dustry executives to try to reach an agreement as to which are ma jor items.” and what pricing for mulas should be used. Another amendment provides that the administration shall take steps to maintain the prices of all basic agricultural commodities, as well as prices of others where growers were encouraged to in crease production, to reflect to pro ducers either the current price or the highest average price during | the first nine months of 1942. Under a preliminary interpreta tion, an agriculture department spokesman said this would require action raising the price of wheat, cotton, eggs peanuts and possibly some other commodities, since these were selling under parity as of June 15. Mr. Roosevelt said that while l some of the amendments would make it more difficult to hold the price line, the enforcing agencies had advised him that “in their opinion the line can be held against inflationary price increase if they are supported in a firm administra tion of the law in accordance with its basic objectives.” Among changes which OPA has ' said will effect enforcement adver sely is the amendment providing for a reduction of present penal ties of price ceiling violations where defendants can show the vi j olations are not willful. On the other hand, OPA now is permitted to initiate suits against price violators in cases where con \ sumers fail to act within 30 days. __V NYE HOLDS LEAD IN DAKOTA RACE FARGO, N. D., June 30.— OR-Ab- 1 sent voters and soldiers’ ballots loomed tonight as a possible im portant factor in the close race for Hie Republican nomination for Sen ator from North Dakots. Senator Gerald P. Nye held ® slender lead, but reports from aa cf the 53 county auditors in the state shew that 8,855 ballot? mail ed to so’diers have yet to be re turned. These may be counted if they are in the hands of county auditors by July 17, 20 days after Tuesday’s primary election. On the basis of unofficial re turns from 2.212 of the state’s 2,251 precincts, Nye had a lead of 934 over Lynn TJ. Stambaugh of Fargo, pact national commander of the American Legion, Nye had 38,040 and Stambaugh 37,112. Represen tative Usher L. Burdick was m third place with 34,891 while A. C. Townley had slightly more than 1 300. Because of the uncertainty of the number of soldiers’ ballots that will be returned, it appeared that the final result cannot be deter mined until the State Canvassing board meets sometime between Ju ly 17 and 27. BAGS 31 ST NAZI PLANE LONDON, June 30.—<.T>)—Wing commander Johnny Johnson, Brit ish Spitfire pilot, shot down his 31st German plane today over Normandy to become the leading Allied fighter ace in this theater. He commands a Canadian wing based in Normandy r ‘Scorpion’ Clears A German Mine FMdJn France This British flail tank, called a “Scorpion,” beats the ground with chains to clear a path through a German mine field in Normandy. A boom holds a rotating cylinder out in front of the tank to which lengths of chain are attached. The chains lash the ground to explode anti-personnel mines to clear a path for advancing ground troops. This is a British official photo. (AP photo via Signal Corps Radio). U. S. BREAKS WITH FINLAND WASHINGTON, June 30. — (A>)— The United States snapped the frayed thread of its relations with Finland today and branded the present government of that long friendly country as a “puppet” us ed by Nazi Germany to help stem the advance of victorious Allied armies in Europe. The American action came at the end of a 10-day period which some day may be recognized as one of the most critical in the history of the 25-year-old Finnish republic. In those 10 days a planned pro Allied coup failed xo come off at Helsinki, according to reliable re ports here. A group of die-hards opposed to peace with Russia clinched their hold in the govern ment, and under the guns of Ger man warships Nazi land reinforce ments poured ashore while planes of the Luftwaffe moved in large numbers onto key airfields. It was a result of these develop ments, reflected in an official Fin ish announcement of an alliance with Germany last Tuesday, that President Roosevelt and Secretary Hull decided late yesterday to break relations. Opinion here is divided as to whether the Finns will stay in the v/ar until smashed by the military power of Russia or throw their country into civil war in an effort to regain-their independence. In the highest levels of the Am erican government, there appar ently is no thought, at least at this time of following up the break with a declaration of war which would place this country in the same re lationship to Finland that the Rus sians have had since June, 1941, and the British since December of that year. -V FLIERS CLIMB OUT OF GRAND CANYON GRAND CANYON, Ariz., June 30._(ip)—Nine days after they floated by emergency parachute into the depths of the Grand Can yon, three Army airmen today clambered back out of the mile deep gorge safe and well. They were guided to safety by two veteran climbers who descen4 ed the ninth rim through a deep crevasse sighted from the air. Three other rescue parties were frustrated by the boiling waters of the Colorado river and rock walls of the great gorge. The fliers, Second Lt. Charles Goldblum, Pittsburgh, Pa.; Flight Officer Maurice J. Cruikshank, Jr., Lawrence, Mass., and Cpl. Roy W. Embanks, Kalispell, Mont., were given physical examinations before they sat down to an army prepared meal at the north rim entrance of the national park. Heavily bearded and seared by the blistering sun, the three air men grinned broadly as they gained the canyon summit where they were greeted by Army and park service officers. -V OPA Halts Local Man From Selling Foods RALEIGH, June 30.—H. H. Par rish of Parrish market, Wilming ton, has been ordered to stop buy ing or selling processed foods hav ing a point value for 30 days be ginning July 17, following a hear ing here before Chief Hearing Com missioner Daniel L. Bell of Atlan ta, the OPA district office announ ced today. Parrish was charged by OPA with rationing violations consisting of overdrafts on his ration banking account. The Parrish case was one ol fourteen OPA cases heard before Bell in the federal court. Brownell Named G. 0..P. Chairman CHICAGO, June 30.—(/P)—The team of Thomas E. Dewey and Herbert Brownell, Jr., went into action offi cially tonight in an attempt to enlarge its feat of winning the New York governorship into a presidential victory. With a smoothness that sustained' governor Dewey’s assertions that1 inusual harmony prevails in t h e! party, the Republican national com-| mittee unanimously elected the 10 - year old Brownell, who man aged Dewey’s 1942 gubernatorial aampaign, as its chairman. Winding up two days ol inten sive conferences with party lead ars, Dewey prepared to take a train tonight for Albany. Accompanying aim were Mrs. Dewey, Brownell, J. Russel Sprague, New York Na tional committeeman; Edwin F. Jaeckle, state chairman, and about 30 reporters and photograph ers. Appearing before the national committee, Dewey pledged “a gi gantic effort in this campaign to ward the saving of-the republic and the winning of the war.” He told members who helped nominate h;m Wednesday that they could expect “all the busy propa ganda agencies of the national gov ernment to direct their efforts to ward a division of our party.” “You may be sure they are ex perts on division,” he said. ‘They have been creating the impression of a divided American people a good many years but they are not going to succeed in dividing us.” Declaring that party harmony was greater than he had ever seen it before,-Dewey said he had con sulted by telephone with Gov. John W. Bricker of Ohio, the vice-presi dential nominee, and that the choice of the new national com mittee chairman was unanimous. Brownell, named by a voice vote, immediately announced the ap pointment of Harrison E. Spangler of Iowa, the retiring chairman, as general counsel for the committee, succeeding Henry P. Fletcher of Pennsylvania. -V NORMANDY DEFENSE COSTLY TO ENEMY WITH THE AMERICAN FORCES IN FRANCE. June 30.— —Allied forces have killed, cap tured and wounded an equivalent of seven full German divisions since the invasion of France 24 days ago. Giving Field Marshal Gen. Er win Rommel’s Normandy defend ers a severe mauling, Lt. Gen. Omar N. Bradley’s troops alone captured more than 38,000. killed an estimated 10.000 and wounded at least 12.000. The greater num ber of these were bagged in t h e swift drive on Cherbourg. Figures in the casualties inflict ed on the enemy by the British have not been released yet, but the American totals run much high er than on the British front, as the result of the Cherbourg trap being sprung. The total American catch likely will run more than 40,000 when the Cap De La Hague area finally is cleared out Campaign Boss Herbert Brownell, Jr., selected by Gov. Thomas E. Dewey to manage his Republican campaign. Brown ell managed Dewey’s 1942 cam paign for the governorship of New York. (AP wirephoto). NAZI ROCKET BOMBS KILL MANY BABIES LONDON, June 30.—(JP)— Hitler’s blindly - aimed venegeance bombs droned across southern England in deadly procession all day today, killing a number of people, includ ing babies in a rural nursery home. The sinister flying bombs came over in increased numbers by day light, leaving dreadful scenes at widely scattered places, but none so poignant as the demolished nursery, where begrimed rescue squads still toiled tonight, seek ing bodies. Twenty-six babies less than two years old—orphans of bombed fam ilies and children of expectant mothers — had been billeted in the home with a staff of 12 nurs es. Some of the children were found only slightly injured. Other tiny bodies were identified only by their anklet discs. Among the crushed bodies were the remains of toys—smashed hob by horses and wrecked perambula tors. -v SHIP SUNK IN CARIBBEAN WASHINGTON, June 30. —(JP)— The Navy announced today that a small Panamanian merchant ves sel was sunk in the Caribbean ear ly this month as the result of two underwater explosions of undeter mined origin. Survivors have been landed at San Juan, Miami and New Orleans. BA TTLE FOR SAIPAN TAKES TERRIFIC TOLL OF LIVES; 9,752 CASUALTIES LISTED REDS ERADICATE 183,930 NAZIS Rout Of German Forces Results In High Toll On Battlefront LONDON, Saturday, July 1._(/p) — The Red armies’ rout of German forces in White Russia mounted to his toric proportions today as Moscow announced that Ger man losses in the first week of the Soviet summer offen sive were 183,930 killed or captured, and the fighting carried all the way from in side the former border of Po land on the north to the cen ter of Pripat marshes on the south. Red troops broke into the key railway town of Borisov, on the direct route to Minsk, captured Disna, a frontier town just inside old Poland; took Slutsk, an im portant railhe&d far to the south; jfnd more than 430 other populated places inside the sprawling 350 mile White Russian front, the broadcast Russian communique said. . In at least one sector Soviet troops were less than 30 miles from Minsk, pouring across the Berezina river north of Borisov in a thrust of 19 miles. Eddy Gilmore, Associated Press correspondent, said in a dispatch from Moscow that huge forces of Red infantry tanks and cavalry were already converging on the outskirts of the White Russian cap ital. . Unde1:' continuous cover of Rus sian fighter and Stormovik planes, these troops were preparing for a mass storming of the outer ap proaches to the ancient ciyt, Gil more cabled. The early morning supplement to the Soviet communique said that the Russian troops were rap idly driving the enemy back to ward Minsk even though rein forcements had been brought up for the German divisions. Heavy aerial attacks on Nazi troop concentrations and supply lines at Minsk, Baranovichi, Po lotsk, Luinets and Molodechno on Thursday night were announced. The supplement reported furious street fighting in Borisov, last big rail station on the route from Smo lensk to Minsk, and related that “in one sector our tankmen rout ed a special battalion of the 256th German infantry division, the commander of which surrendered with a group of his men. In the lake country northwest of Lepel, 45 miles north of Borisov, the supplement said the Germans brought up fresh troops and launched 15 counterattacks, all of which were repulsed. Fifteen hun dred Germans were killed and con siderable equipment destroyed in these battles. Other German counterattacks west of Mogilev also were disclos ed, but the supplement said a Na zi infantry regiment was wiped out and 340 prisoners were taken. The latest supplement also am plified the report of the naval and air action in northern waters first described early Friday morning. In all seven enemy transports to talling 40,000 tons, one tanker and five smaller vessels were sunk in an attack on a convoy en route to Petsamo in Finland and in the Norwegian port of Kirkenes. -V Roosevelt Signs Philippine Act WASHINGTON, June 30. — (#)— Legislation promising independence to the Philippines as soon as pos sible after United States forces rid the islands of Japanese invaders was signed by President Roosevelt today. The two Congressional resolutions also authorize the establishment by the United States of land, sea and air bases in the islands for the mutual protection of both countries. ———---- — -■* Armored Fight Rages At Caen Germans Toss New Troops In Great Battle As Quickly As They Reach Front Lines SUPREME HEADQUARTERS ALLIED EXPEDI TIONARY FORCE, Saturday, July 1.—(jP)—A great arm ored battle raged south of Caen last night as the British drove on toward the Orne river and the Germans threw in veteran troops as fast as they reached the front in a reckless attempt to stop the Allied advance munique said the Allied drive pressing the Germans back to ward the Orne had “compelled the enemy to throw in strong armored reserves.” Front line dispatches said that these includ ed every armored division the Germans have in Normandy, and that among the troops were veterans of the war in Russia. “In spite of repeated counter attacks by these formations,” the communique declared, “our posi tions not only have been held but! were improved.” As clouds lifted over the flam ing battle from, Allied war planes bombed and strafed enemy posi tions and communication and by mid-afternoon had made 1,000 in dividual flights. (German broadcasts said a U. S. tank division had entered the battle southwest of Caen, that U. S. troops north of St. Lo—far to the west—had dented the German lines and that a "new large-scale American offensive is imminent.” (The Berlin radio said Allied troop concentrations were “stu pendous” north of St. Lo and south of Caretan, in the slowest sec tor of the Normandy beachhead, and declared fresh attacks were expected hourly). me British steadily widened their bridgehead across the Odon river and were within 11 miles of having Caen encircled. It was probable that Allied artillery now commanded the last four German held roads into that communica tions hub. A British officer described as “reckless” the use of German re serves piecemeal as soon as they reached the front, and said that the enemy now was putting up the most desperate defense since U. S. troops cut the Cherbourg penin sula. (DNB, the German news agency, said that Gavrus, on the right flank of Allied positions below the Odon, had been recaptured by the Germans. At stake in the battle for Caen was access to the open country to the south-which would permit the Allies to employ their superior armor more freely. The costly Nazi counterattacks on the southwest front showed the German high command’s concern. At one time the enemy drove a wedge one-mil einto the base of the Allied positions, but the attack was broken by a storm of artil lery fire. The British then swept back and widened their, salient, r —-V FIRED TEACHERS GET JOBS BACK GREENVILLE, June 30—(/P)—The board of trustees of East Caro lina Teachers college today re elected three of six faculty mem bers who had been discharged at an earlier meeting for allegedly inciting students to insurrection and creating unwholesome influ ences on the campus. The board, holding an all-day. closed session, reelected Miss Katherine Holtzclaw and Miss Pearl Chapman, and retained Dr Beecher Chapman “because of concern for his health.” Action on the other three dis charged members of the faculty will be taken at a second meeting to be held here July 27. The three are Dr. Herbert Rebarker. Dr. E. L. Henderson and M. L- Wright. CLARK’S ARMY ! ROLLS FORWARD ROME, June 30.—(M—The Allied war machine rolled forward to night on a 100 - mile tront from the Tyrrhenian sea to beyond Lake Trasimeno, with the battered Na zis in full flight before Lt. Gen. Mark W. Clark’s Americans on the extreme left wing. Despairing of fighting even an effective delaying action, the Ger mans broke off contact along High fied before the wall of Yank armor, v/hich plunged on within less than 20 miles of Livorno (leghorn) and j way 1 skirting the west coast and within 27 miles of Pisa, anchor of the enemy’s "Gothic” line defend ing the valley of the Po. Nazi forces Which for the past week had fought bitterly in the1 rough country inland also appear ed to be breaking under the con tinued hammer blows of American, French and British troops. The fall of Siena, 31 miles be low Florence, w'ac believed immi nent. American armor and infan try punched to within 'seven miles of the city from the southwest and threw a tank column almost due west of its outskirts, threatening to fiank any Germans trying to make a house-to-house fight in Siena. French colonials were only 10 miles fiom the city on the southeast. Farther inland the British eighth army, again ploughing forward aft er a fortnight of yard-by-yard prog ress up the shores of Lake Tra simeno, swept through numerous villages and captured the picturees que town of Castiglione Del Lago on the lake’s west bank. British patrols thrust to the vicinity of Magione on the east bank and reached the Chiascio river above Perugia. The new breakthrough appeared to be paving the way for the fast est Allied advance since Field Mar shal Albert Kesselring succeeded in checking the disorganized flight of his forces far above Rome. It virtually guaranteed that the Al lies would be smashing at the "Gothic” line long before the sum mer is out. MONETARYVMEETING WILL OPEN TODAY WASHINGTON, June 30.—(yP)— Two special trainloads of master money mechanics headed north ward tonight for tomorrow's open ing of the United Nations mone tary conference at Bretton Woods, N. H. There in the seclusion of the White Mountains res'ort country they will labor on the working model of an $8,000,000,000 machine designed to hold international financial transactions on an even keel after the war. On their work benches, too. will be the rough blueprints for a $10. 000.000,000 companion machine in tended to stimulate the flow of long-term credit that will be need ed to repair the ravages of war and speed the world’s peacetime industrial development. AUIFJ) BOMBERS hit NORMANDY WAR ZONE LONDON, Saturday, July 1.—(fP) —Allied heavy and medium bomb ers struck at German installations in a wide arc around the Nor mandy battle zone throughout Fri day, flying 3,000 sorties from dawn to dusk in which they dumped most of their explosives on targets whose destruction would halt the movement of Nazi reinforcements. The weather, which limited air activity over the fighting front all week, improved enough to per mit stepping up the offensive, but it still was far below the daily average since D-Day. German fighters offered only spotty resistance, but 21 were downed by the Allied pilots—17 by the RAF fliers who operated from I bases in Normandy. I LOSSES DOUBLE GUADALCANAL’S Marines Pay High Price In Two-Week Fight On Jap Island U. S. PACIFIC FLEET HEADQUARTERS, PEARL HARBOR, June 30.—(/P)— Americans battling on Saipan have paid the highest price so far in the Pacific—9,752 killed, wounded and missing ,*« 4-- „ _J' 1 1 <• n i/v*u -xvji unc“H<ui if a small but highly impor ant island of the Marianas. The grim figures, announced to lay by Adm. Chester W. Nimitz, vere: dead 1,474; wounded, 7,400; nissing, 878. The total was far more fhan dou ble that at bloody Tarawa in the jilberts last November, when 3, 383 Americans were killed or wounded in 76 hours. It more than doubled the losses 3n Guadalcanal in six months of warfare—3,767. Enemy losses in the bitter fight ing that has wrested half of rug ged Saipan from the Japanese also have been heavy. Nimitz said no accurate estimate was possible but 4,951 Japanese dead already had been buried. Many dead or wound ed had been removed by the Jap anese as they retreated. As at Tarawa, which up to that time was the most costly victory in Marine corps history—the loss es on Saipan were heaviest among Marine assault force. The total, covering the period from the inva sion June 14 through last Wednes day, included 1,289 killed in action. At Tarawa 988 Marines lost then lives. Army dead on Saipan totaled 185. The wounded included 6,377 Ma rines and 1,023 army men. Missing were 827 Marines and 51 Army men. Despite difficult terrain and in tensified resistance, American ground forces scored new gains at the center of the island-wide battle line and on the eastern or right flank. Nimitz reported a dominat ing position had been occupied near the small mountain town o£ Gharan Danshii, on the eastern end of the front. Enemy strong points in the Tan apag harbor area on the western side were being pounded steadily by carrier planes and warships. Tire lal showdown battle for the island may occur in that area north of Garapan. Neutralizing bombardments con tinued against Tinian and Rota is lands, to the south, and against en emy bases in the distant Caroline and Marshall island groups. Frontline dispatches reported the fiercest fighting of the invasion was in progress on the southern slope of Mt. Tapotchau, dominat ing peag at the island’s center. Two by-passed pockets of resis tance still held out there. From deep, well stocked caves, the Jap anese poured out a deadly fir# from mortars and machineguns. Marines and doughboys had dragged up heavy guns to shell the caves at pointblank range. Grad ually the enemy’s positions were crumbling, reported Percy Finch, representing the combined Allied press. His dispatch was sent from a joint expeditionary flagship off Saipan. - A Japanese strongpoint on the western slopes of Mt. Tapotchau had been liquidated. American patrols continued their penetration of blackened, burned out Garapan, Saipan’s capital. The town was under continuous naval and artillery bombardment. Enemy snipers still were active. For the first time in a week, there had been no night enemy air activity. Shelling and bombing of Pagan. Tinian, Rota and Guam ap parently had knocked out Japanese airfields within striking distance. Yap island, Japanese base 700 miles to the southwest, was being subjected to daily assaults by hea vy bombers of Gen. Douglas Mac Arthur’s southwest Pacific forces, been strewn on airfields and in More than 150 tons of bombs had stallations there in a week. Up wards of 50 planes had been de stroyed or damaged in these neu tralizing operations. -V Chinese Charge Poison Gas Used CHUGKING, June 30. — (jP) — The vital rail junction of Hengy ang is encircled by three Japanese divisions but still is in Chinese hands, a Chinese army spokesman said in a press conference today, and he reiterated charges that the enemy was using poison gas against the defenders of the city, loss of which would remove the last major Chinese positions along the entire length of the Canton Hankow railway. OP A Action Pending Against Davis Lieutenant Action against a Camp Davis soldier identified in an OPA letter as Lt. Joseph R. Mc phee, Jr., for allegedly selling a 1936 refrigerator to a Wil mington couple for $200 when the ceiling price was $46.50 is now pending before the OPA price panel of services and durable goods, according , to information gleaned yesterday from OPA officials and other interested parties. OPA officials, including N. L,. Foy, general chairman of the V* price panel, and Herbert Blue thenthal, chairman of the ser vices and durable goods divi sion, at first refused to give out any information -whatso ever on the action as a matter of “policy”, but Foy later confirmed details of the case when confronted with them and asked for a statement. The lieutenant, a resident of Princess Place, was reported to have been cited to appear be fore the price panel last Tues day on the basts of information furnished the panel by Mr. and Mrs. L. C. LeGwen, Jr., of 213 South Sixth street, pur chasers of the refrigerator in volved in the action. When time came for the hear ing, the Camp Davis soldier fail ed to put in an appearance, and a letter was sent to him by the price panel, according to Mrs. Frank Sears, chief clerk of the panel. A copy of the letter stated that the panel would be forced to turn the case over to the Raleigh district OPA office for prosecution unless settlement was made by the lieutenant on or before next Wednesday. It pointed out that if the case was handled by the district of fice, treble damages might be obtained if so ordered by the office. The letter further stated that Mr. and Mrs. LeGwin would acctept a refund of S100 on the purported overcharge if pay ment was made By Weflnes-. day. Mr. and Mrs. LeGwin de clined to make a public state ment on the case at this time.