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umtmjfcm nnrouj mar ££ V0L‘ 1 — WILMINGTON, N. C„ SATURDAY, JULY 8, 1944 FINAL EDITION ESTABLISHED 1867 Troops Make Local Gains In Normandy BATTLEFRONT aflame Americans Lead Attacks As Germans Resist Every Assault SUPREME HEADQUAR TERS ALLIED EXPEDI TIONARY FORCE, July 7.— (/P)—U. S. troops surged for ward along a flaming 33 xnile battlefront today in a drive to crush the whole Ger man line based along the marshes at the base of the Cherbourg peninsula, and the outflanked enemy anchors of La Haye Du Puits and St. Pean de Daye seemed doom ed. The most spectacular American drive was a new one southeast of Carentan, where doughboys struck under one of the heaviest artillery barrages of the campaign, forced the Vire river so swiftly the dazed Germans did not even blow up the main bridge, md thrust spearheads north and south of St. Jean in a three-mile advance which all but isolated that enemy road junction. Supreme headquarters in a brief communique, No. 64, reported the d ive southwest along the Caren tan-Ppriers road, which threatens to by-pass the marshes in the cen ter of the American front, had made some progress. It said that troop? striking to ward St. Jean westward from cap tured Airel had thrown a small bridge-head across the Vire river, but late front line dispatches gave more detail of what the charging Americans were doing to enemy defenses in that area. Swift - moving infantry seized dominating high ground west of St. Jean and other doughboys moving down from the northeast late in the afternoon bridged the canal linking the Vire and Taute rivers which forms a natural bander on tne northern approaches to the l/.Ti-n This pincers movement was j made possible by engineers who threw a foot bridge across the ca nal in 20 minutes. La Haye was in even sorer straits, and it appeared that the enemy soon must fall back to Les ?py four and one-half miles south, ct let the Americans spring the trap which was a scant two miles lrom closing south of the city. There the Americans were in pos session of the wooded heights of Mont Castre, two miles east of La Haye, unhinging all German hold ings in the sector and leaving the Americans in a position to strike for the dry soil oi the plains below, toward Lessay, less than five miles away. They had pushed to a point three miles southeast of La Haye, and across the only road couth leading to Lessay they were in firm pos session of La Surellerie, one mile south and slightly west of La Haye. From there they drove to within 200 yards of the highway. Seizing Hill 121, three miles south east of La Haye, American guns commanded the elope leading down to Lessay. As doughboys fought back into the ruins of La Haye, the Germans threw reinforcements into battle in an attempt to salvage a rapidly deteriorating situation, counter-at seking all the way from around I Haye to the Carentan marsh, hut the Americans hurled them back. The enemy brought up new heavy 170-mm guns, but the Amer ican fire-power was so much su perior that an RAF Mosquito pilot hatching the opening pre-dawn bar rage caid it rivaled the thunder storm that swept over the battle teld. -V MACARTHUR’S men GET THIRD FIELD advanced allied head quarters, New Guinea, Satur day, July 8.—(A1!—Gen Douglas hlacArthur’s forces captured Noem foor's Namber airdrome without opposition July 6 to conclude the occupation of that island’s three ar strips—all within bombing range of the Philippines—in a whirlwind five-day campaign. The success, scored in Dutch New Guinea’s Geelvink bay area, Was announced today. Instead of driving across the in vaded island’s western coast from tne sector where the two other air fields were won, the troops wer: Put ashore near the Namber fielc the morning of July 6, covered bj destroyers and rocket-firing infan try landing craft. By noon, the oc cupation was completed. Kamiri airdrome, captured a fev hours after the first landing oi Noemfoor July 2, already is being Used by Allied planes. Ornasorei field was seized two days after th, island was invaded. People Flee Tragic Circus Fire At Hartford Flames and smoke burst from the main tent and people flee in terror just after the start of the tragic fire that struck the Ringling Brothers and Barnum & Bailey Circus at Hartford, Conn., Thursday. At least 146 persons, many of them children, perished and many oth ers were horribly injured. Some officials feared the death toll might ultimately reach 200. (AP wirephoto). -:-m -- +___ BALTIC GATEWAY BEING BESIEGED LONDON, Saturday, July 8 — —A state of siege in Wilno and uprisings in many parts of Li thuania were reported today as Red troops fought their way closer to that ancient gateway to the Bal tics and swept steadily westward along the whole 350-mile central battlefront. The early morning supplement to the Russian communique said that the Germans were throwing fresh reserves into the fighting for Wilno, but asserted that even these reinforcements had failed to stem Ihe mighty Russian tide. More than 250 places were taken ar the Soviet forces hurled massed artillery and infantry northwest from Minsk, and incomplete re ports showed 3,000 Germans had been wiped out in this savage battle, the supplement said. During the day Red troops cap tured two important district cen ters, Ostrevets and Oshmyana, one 25 and the other 20 miles from Wilno; and thus reached the line which Russia considers the border of the Lithuanian Soviet Socialist republic. The prewar frontier of this Baltic state, however, lies 15 miles on to the west of Wilno. To the north, where Gen. Ivan Bagramian’s First Baltic army was battling toward Latvia, Soviet troops crossed the Driesa river and cut the highway between Dzisna and Idritza. South of Wilno the Red army plowed within four miles of the im portant railway junction of Baran cwicze and in the area of the Prip yat marshes Soviet forces captured the district center of Stolin, only 38 miles from Pinsk, the broad cast Russian communique said. -V Countv School Board Has $80,782 Surplus The county school board endec the 1943-44 fiscal year with a sur plus of $80,782.05, according to fi gures released yesterday by J. A. Orrell, county auditor. The budget for the year, as ap proved by the county board o commissioners, was $458,805.01 and the total expenses incurred amounted to $378,022.96. Total ope ration expenditures amounted to $354,000.6’. Capital outlay involved $12,138.62, and debt service was $11,883.71. Health Board To Discuss Measures To Curb Polio On the heels of reports of Wilmington’s first polio case, Dr. A. H. Elliott, city-county health officer, announced yes tferday that proposals for curb ing the spread of infantile para lysis will be discussed Thurs day at the monthly meeting of the city-county board of health in order to have precautionary measures ready for immediate enforcement in the event there are additional cases reported here. At present, only the one case i is registered with the depart ment for this city. The victim i is Rudolph Carter, three'-year , old son of Mr. and Mrs. Melvin Carter of 20 Court M, Lake Forest. Dr. A. M. Crouch, phy sician attending the child, stat ed yesterday that the boy’s con dition was progressing satis factorily since the Sister Ken ny treatment was begun last Sunday. It was not mentioned what measures the board would dis cuss in the event that polio in creased. However, it is ex pected that the same appeal will be made for eliminations of all uunecessay travel and strict enforcement of all health laws, as is now known in the Piedmont area where 200 cases are reported. The Carter child is being treated at James Walker Me morial hospital 1 Five Arrests Made In Circus Disaster 1 HARTFORD, Conn., July 7.—(/P)—With five person; already under charges of manslaughter, State’s Attornej Hugh M. Alcorn, Jr., asserted tonight that more arrests were “probable” on the basis of preliminary inquiries into the circus fire which piled up the heaviest toll in Am erican circus history — 146 dead and 250 injured. The state’s attorney, in a for-*— mal statement issued while State Police Commissioner Edward J. Hickey still questioned a long list of witnesses, said that there ap peared to have been “inadequate fire fighting equipment” on the grounds of the Ringling Brothers Barnum and Bailey circus where within a few minutes a crowd of 6,000 festive spectators became a hysterical mass yesterday as flames tore through the big top. What equipment there was, said Alcorn, was manned by “inade quate personnel.” “There is also in our possession,” he asserted, “information that the tent itself had been in use only since the road show started this season and that it had been treat ed with paraffin which was diluted with gasoline, making the entire tent highly inflammable.” ’ Saying _ that all agencies were determined not only “to ascertain the exact cause of the fire but also to fix responsibility, if any, for the tragic loss of life,” Alcorn added: “It is probable that after the adjourned hearing by the fire mar shal and after the coroner’s in quest. additional warrants will be ' issued.” In his capacity as state fire mar. ' shal. Hickey questioned between 40 and 50 persons during the day. In the group were circus officials and workers and spectators who were at the circus grounds when the big top collapsed in a fiery heap soon after the discovery of a small flame. Once during the inquiry, Hickey left the hearing room with six ush. ers who contended that the fire ap parently was caused by a cigaret carelessly thrown by a man against a sidewall of the tent. Hickey and the ushers went to the circus grounds to examine the probable spot of the fire’s origin. Later. Hickey said the ushers’ story had “stood up under oath.” Even while officials sought an explanation for the disaster, ap proximately one-third of those who lost their race with death in the (Continued on Page Two; Col. 5) Somber Attacks Sting Germans Into Defenst LONDON, July 7—Of)—More than 1,100 U. S. heavy bombers under strong escort drenched 11 high-priority targets in cen tral Germany with 3,000 tons of bombs today, stinging the Germans to put up the biggest aerial battle in six weeks, in which 114 enemy planes and 36 American bombers and six fighters were shot down, A night RAP raid on Berlin was announced by the DNB which broadcast that “British nuisance raiders were over Berlin shortly after midnight.” Earlier the German radio re ported planes over Schleswig, Holstein, Mecklenburg, Han nover and Brunswick and the Paris radio had left the air in the middle of a news broad cast. _yr_ LIVORNO FIGHT LIKE CASSINfl ROME, July 7 — (5)— A bitte struggle reminiscent of the fig! for Cassino several months ag raged today in the ruined villag of Rosignano, 13 miles below th oig Italian port of Livorno, as th Germans struck back furiously e American forces along a 30-mil front extending inland from th vest coast. After three days and nights c savage house-to-house fighting ir side Rosignano, American infantr .vas reported in possession of two thirds of the flattened village. A oest it was a grim yard-by-yari advance for Lt. Gen. Mark V Clark’s doughboys as they tackle successive Nazi strongpoints an repulsed the inevitable enem counterattacks. Inland from Rosignano America and French troops engaged in it creasingly furious combat as the probed into the mountainous ou posts of Germans’ formidabl Gothic line, the strongest natur: defenses in Italy. Just ahead < Allied forces are peaks rising t 6,300 feet. Remnants of 24 German div sions, reinforced by hundreds ( new guns, mortars and other wea pons, fouaht hard to give na2 engineers and labor battalions tim to complete this defense belt. R< connaissance disclosed, for exarr pie, that the enemy is workin feverishly on fortifications in th Futa Pass area, 20 miles north o Florence, though Allied troops sti are 20 mountainous miles south < Florence. Although the enemy was knockei off high ground at several point yesterday, the day’s fighting le the front substantially unchangec WRECK DEATHS MAY REACH 40 JELLICO, Tenn., July 7—UP)—'The [ engine and four cars of a south bound troop train plunged 50 feet ; into a desolate mountain gorge last night, with a possible death toll ci 40 soldiers and trainmen. Wreckage of four cars—two of them burned—rested in the Rocky - Clear river after leaving the Louis ville and Nashville railroad tracks 11 miles from here. A fifth car hung on the edge of the defile. Known dead numbered 19, all ■ soldiers except Engineer John C. Rollins and Fireman J. W. Cum mins, both of Etowah, Tenn. Iden tification of enlisted dead proceed ed slowly, Army public relations explaining that most men either were in their berths or in wash rooms, preparing to retire, when the crash occurred. Personal be longings were thrown in heaps, and some victims lost identification tags. Wavering lights of acetelyne torches flashed in the rugged glen as Army and civilian squads work ed under an overcast sky to free injured and recover bodies. At least 100 were hospitalized. Each, in turn, was pulled up the steep embankment in block and tackle slings, and removed to nearby Army infirmaries or to civilian hos pitals. Many received blood plasma before being moved. Estimate of the death toll at “between 40 and 50’’ was made by Dr. E. C. Muncy, resident phy sician at Knoxville’s general hos pital, who directed part of the res cue operations. 1 Last injured soldier to be re moved was identified by the Army as Pvt. Leonard Dettag, son of r Mr. and' Mrs. Frank Dettag of t Evanston, 111. He was pinned in 3 the bottom of a wrecked car 12 e hours beneath four dead men, but e tetained consciousness and talked » with rescuers as torches cut twist t ed steel imprisoning him. He later s died of his injuries. e Express Agent C. L. Alley said the train carried 1,006 soldiers, f Cars remaining upright were - switched to another track and pro y ceeded to their destination. -V 1 i I wo Nazi Generals j Reported Killed i LONDON, July 7.—<iP>—The Ber Y lin radio announced tonight two additional German generals had l been killed on June 23, the same - day that Col. Gen. Eduard Dietl, y commander of the Nazi forces in - Finland, died in an airplane crash, e They were infantry Gen. Emil 1 Von Wickede, commander of an f army corps, and Lt. Gen. Garl 0 Eglseer, commander of Alpine troops. i- -V f Mayor Cameron Allowed 1 Out Of Hospital Bed e - Mayor Bruce B. Cameron, who ' was stricken with a cerebral 5 thrombosis in Philadelphia a week e ago, was allowed out of bed for f the first time yesterday- according H to an Associated Press dispatch re f ceived last night. Dr. C. L. Brown, prominent 1 Philadelphia physician who is at s tending Mayor Cameron, reported t the mayor’s condition as, improv ed 1GREA T SASEBO BASE l OF JAP NAVY STRUCK \ BY SUPERFORTRESSES I_,_ Chinese Troops End Siege Of Hengyang CHUNGKING, July 7.—(/F)—Chinese troops in a dra matic comeback have smashed through the encirclement ring around vital Hengyang, surrounded Japanese troops east, south and west of the city, and seized the initiative on all sectors of the Hunan province fighting, the Chinese high command said tonight. * A Chinese army spokesman an nounced on this seventh annivers ary of the start of the war that these counterthrusts would re move for some time the threat of complete Japanese occupation of the 1,000 miles of Peiping-Hankow Canton railway through China, Major Japanese goal. The high command reported from the front that reinforced Chi nese began their counteroffensive the morning of July 4, penetrated Japanese lines in several places, occupied ten strong points, and even behind the Japanese lines won the upper hand in offensive actions. Attacking key points on the va rious enemy advance routes, the Chinese also broke into Yunkfeng, 45 miles northwest of Hengyang, and battered at the gates of Yuh sien, 3 miles northeast, and Liling, 80 miles northeast of Hengyang. The siege of Hengyang was brok. en, the Chinese said, on its 12th bitter day by Chinese who stabbed suddenly from the southwest of the battered rail junction, after slashing attacks by U. S. 14th Air Force fliers all along the front had disorganized Japanese sup ply and communication lines. So badly were theSe enemy lines bog ged down, the high command said, that Japanese troops in the Heng yang area had to receive supplies and ammunition by plane in the same manner as Chinese troops previously had been supplied. However, in this wartime capital of China, while the claims appear ed to have heartened the popu lace, the more cautious preferred to wait and see how the situation developed before yielding to gen eral jubilation. Other Chinese forces attacked the main body of an enemy force which, by-passing Hengyang, had swung south and cut the railway at Leiyang. This force has fallen back 25 miles and Leiyang now is back firmly in Chinese hands, said American-educated Maj. Gen C. LITTLE HOPE HELD FOR TRAPPED MINERS BELLAIRE, O., July 7.—(i?>)— Sixty-six men entombed in the Powhatan mine will be officially pronounced dead tomorrow, but to night rescue workers set up drills to bore two shafts deep toward them on the faint chance they may be found alive. It may be two to five days be fore the nine-inch and three-inch shafts, three-quarters of a mile apart ,are driven approximately 400 feet deep to a tunnel in which the men were caught behind a wall of flame that blocked the main shaft of Ohio’s largest coal mine. Whether they are dead or alive was not known, but spokesmen for the coal operators and the United Mine Workers said they felt there was a chance at least some of them still lived. -V London’s Millions Move Underground LONDON, Saturday, July 8.—(/P) —Flying bombs came winging over southern England at an intensi fied rate early today and more of London’s millions moved under ground. It was announced that there are sufficient shelters to accommodate everyone, with bunks for 4,000,000. Chinese War Going Badly, F.D.R. Says WASHINGTON, July 7—(^*)— President Roosevelt sketched a gloomy picture of the war in China today but brightened it slightly by observing that the Japanese have stretched their supply lines dangerously thin elsewhere. Mr. Roosevelt told his news conference the fighting in China is not going well and frankly expressed concern over the military situation on the Chinese mainland. He agreed with a reporter who said the American people are not fully aware of the seriousnesss of the situation. But he said Japan’s strategic position is not a good one from the standpoint of global war be cause of her extended and har ried communication lines be tween the homeland and occu pied territories. -V GEN. DE GAULLE . SEES ROOSEVELT (Picture On Page Eight) WASHINGTON, July 7 —Ufh General Charles De Gaulle, predic ting that the last German will b« chased from France before the enc of 1944, opened today his talks with President Roosevelt aimed a1 laying a foundation of friendly un derstanding. Before hand, President Roosevel .told a news conference the talks would deal chiefly with the figh of the French underground, now approaching the scale of full-fledg ed battle with the Germans ir southern France, and would toucl in a general way on problems ol civil administration. Mr. Roosevelt declared that the question of recognition of the French national committee woulc not come up, as it had not come up in De Gaulle’s recent talks with British Prime Minister Churchill With this prime obstacle out of the way, it appeared that the twc leaders would be able to discuss military problems and the recon stitution of a free France on a basis that could lead to complete erasure of the strain which has characterized Franco-American re lations during the past few months. -V Army Paper Director Relieved Of Command ALGIERS, July 7—Iff)—Because of differences of opinion with War department officials regarding political censorship, Col. Eibert White, director of Mediterranean editions of the Stars and Stripes, servicemen’s daily newspaper, has been relieved of his command and ordered back to the United States, it was learned reliably today. Colonel White, a New York ad vertising executive, had sought to obtain more extensive coverage of political and other controversial news from the United States. BIG SHIPS ALSO ATTACK YAWATA Japan’s ‘Pittsburgh* Paid Second Visit In Three Weeks WASHINGTON, July 7.— (TP)—An aerial task force of B-29 Superfortresses has carried out a daring smash at one of the fountainheads of Japan’s waning seapower, the great naVal base of Sase bo in the Nipponese home land, the Army announced today. The gigantic new air dread naughts, based in China, also paid a sceond visit to Yawata, the “Pittsburgh of Japan.” They un loosed explosives and incendiaries on that industrial center, source ol one fifth of the enemy's steel pro duction. A terse communique from Gen eral H. H. Arnold, commanding general of the Army Air Forces, revealed that the twin attack took place Friday night July 7 (Tokyo time), the seventh anniversary of the Marco Polo bridge incident which started Japan’s long war with China. Sasebo is one of the three great naval construction, repair and sup ply yards in Japan proper. It is on the island of Kyushu and lies west of Yawata, which is located on the same island. Comparable tc the United States naval bases at Bremerton, Wash ington, or Norfolk, Va., Sasebo, just north of the important and industrial city of Nagasaki, con tains an arsenal and a marine corps establishment as well as a naval air service base, in addition to the sprawling navy yard itself. General Arnold issued the com munique in his role Is commander of the 20th Air Force. Because of their great range and tremendous bomb load, the Superfortresses of the 20th Air Force — of which the China-based 20th Bomber com mand is a part — operate directly under Arnold’s command and the direction of the joint chiefs-of-staff ’ in Washington. *’ ^ uic tuicu-A were available when Arnold’s communi que was issued, but its phrasing indicated that, like the mission three weeks ago against Yawata, this was another night attack by the high-altitude, high-speed bom bers. The communique said: ‘‘Headquarters 20th Air Force. Communique No. 3; B-29 Super fortresses of the 20th Bomber Com mand attacked naval installations at Sasebo, Japan, tonight. “Bombs were dropped also on industrial objectives at Yawata, target of the Superfortresses’ June 15 assault on Japan. “Both cities are on the island oi Kyushu.’’ In returning to Yawata after a three-week’s interval the great bombers appeared to be following the strategic bombing pattern set over Germany by their smaller predecessors, the Flying Fortress es and Liberators — an initial at tack, after the enemy has had timt to get repairs under way, is fol lowed by another blow whicl wrecks the reconstruction ane keeps the plant out of production. The blows at both Yawata and Sasebo were aimed directly al the heart of Japan’s war poten tial. Only two other big naval bas es, complete with building and re pair facilities to handle the largest warships, are believed to exist in the homeland — Yokosuka and Kure, like Sasebo, headquarters ot naval districts. Steel, the product of Yawata, is now as it has been for years the most critical item in Japan’s armament and ship construction program. - POLITICAL QUESTION IRRITATES ROOSEVELT WASHINGTON, July 7 - fjn_ President Roosevelt laughed with reporters at another inconclusive exchange over the fourth term question today, but erased his smile when a questioner asked whether he had “found a vice presidential candidate yet.” That, the President declared, sounded like an unfriendly ques tion. He added he would not ans wer it. The question and answer lent emphasis to a topic of special in terest in political circles with the approach of the Democratic na tional convention. That the chief executive will stand for another term against Gov. Thomas E. Dewey, Republican candidate, few doubt. Who will be his running mate, however, has developed into a big question marie. Artillery Fire Halts Japs Fleeing Saipan U. S. PACIFIC FLEET HEADQUARTERS, P F A R L HARBOR, July 7—(IP)—Steady advances on Saipan and the crushing of an enemy attempt to evacuate 200 of its groggy defenders were reported today as American troops, aided by new carrier aircraft strikes, pressed for a knockout at the northern tip of the island. Using barges, the enemy tried to sneak out to sea Tues day night. The move was de tected and American artillery quickly broke it up, Adm. Chester W. Nimitz reported. Planes from a fast Ameri can carrier task force smash ed at Guam and Rota islands, south of Saipan in the Mari anas, Wednesday night, Nimitz said. One Japanese plane was destroyed and two American fighter aircraft were lost, pre sumably to ground fire. One American pilot was rescued. Lack of interception over Guam and Rota again empha sized dwindling Japanese air power in the Marianas. The enemy effort to quit strategic Saipan, which is within bombing range of Ja pan, contrasted with previous attempts to land from barges at night behind the American lines. That trick also was fu tile. The Americans had pushed against strong opposition to within two miles of Inagsa point, at the northeast tip of Saipan.