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The Wilmington morning star. [volume] (Wilmington, N.C.) 1909-1990, July 08, 1944, FINAL EDITION, Image 4

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Hilmtttgtfltt S’tar
Nortn Carolina’* Oldest Dally Newspaper
Published Daily Except Sunday
By The Wilmington Star-New*
K. B Page, Owner and Publisher
Entered as Second Class Matter at Wilming
ton, N. C„ Pcatoffice Under Act of Congress
of March 3, 1879.
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News rates entitle subscriber to Sunday issue
of Star-News
Payable Strictly in Advance
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News Rates Entitle Subscriber to
Sunday issue of Star-News
When remitting by mail please use check
or U S P O. money order. The Star-News
cannot be responsible for currency sent
through the mails.
With confidence in our armed forces—
with the unbounding determination of our
people - we w<ll gain the inevitable
triumph — so help us God.
—Roosevelt’s War Message.
Our Chief Aim
To aid in every way the prosecwtion of
the war to complete Victory._
Let us be faithful men and women
Let us entertain Truth as our guest
Ynd make Honor our friend
. . Let us hold to the Right desperately
\s a wrecked mariner to a rock.
One way is narrow, and the other broad
One echoes to the tread of millions,
One whispers to the feet of few
Let us be of the few.
Let us be. faithful.
For our pilgrimage is brief.
E Bonds Lag
Although total sales of all bonds in the pres
ent drive have amounted to some half million
dollars more than alloted to the Wilmington
area, only about 60 per cent of the ‘-E” bond
quota has been reached.
This means that workers particularly in the
higher paid brackets are not doing their full
As it was for wage earners and salaried
folk that this particular issue was put out,
and the goal is still afar, the natural conclu
sion is that the delinquents are not taking this
war, or their obligation to promote victory,
as seriously as they should.
Maybe some of them have fallen victim to
the fallacy that the war is just about over.
They need to consider the evidence of our
military leaders which is directly to the con
With the Germans still able to send their
rocket bombs over England and kill London
residents at the average of one per bomb for
a total above two thousand, it is obvious that
Hitler is far from licked. Nor is this the only
evidence that the Battle of Europe is not
near its end. The stubborn resistance of Nazi
forces in Italy with the consequent slow prog
ress of Allied armies, the repeated counter
thrusts of German forces in Normandy, and
Prime Minister Churchill’s announcement in
Commons that the enemy is preparing to use
larger and more destructive rocket bombs
than any thus far loosed over England show
that any thought that the fighting is nearing
an end is not justified.
As long as the fighting forces of this nation
must have the material needed to finish the
job they are so valiantly and efficiently doing
there can be no excuse for any earner at home
to withhold full cooperation in this bond cam
paing. And that means the purchase of E
bonds with every dollar not actually needed
for the subsistence of the household.
The bond committee has announced that the
drive for E bond sales will continue through
out July. All bonds purchased before August
1 will count in reducing the deficit. It is to
be hoped that with this additional time al
lowance the quota will be passed as splen
didly as the total allotment.
The Abattoir Project
The City Council deserves public recognition
for its efforts to establish an abattoir here.
Hopefully the study of costs now in progress
will not consume much time and actual con
struction may be started, promptly.
The immediate need is for proper inspection
ef meats offered for sale in the Wilmington
area. Existing facilities are declared inade
quate. with result that much meat finds its
way into market without the close inspec
tion required by law and for the health of
the people, not intentionally, we may presume,
but because the means for thorough inspec
tion are lacking. It is believed that an abat
toir would remedy this.
But there is a long-range view of the project
Which sees cattle and hog producers able to
Jiave their products processed at home, in
stead of having to send their livestock on a
long trip on the hoof, which reasonably might
be expected to yield them reasonable profits
An abattoir has long been needed in south
eastern North Carolina. The processed meat
industry may be expected to become one oi
the area’s best sources of private revenu*
soon after it ie built. __ _ .
With opposition to bureaucratic domination
spreading throughout the country, it appears
advisable to note that government cannot
function without bureaus. The only alterna
tive would be departments presided over by
cabinet members. If this were done the cab
inet would be out of proportion to the need,
with more than half its membership coming
in as a bureau is set up and going out when
it is eliminated.
Bureaus, as such, are not necessarily an
evil. It is quite possible for them to be a
blessing. They can perform valuable service
if restricted to essential activities. But they
become an evil the moment they assume pre
rogatives not vested in them.
It is because so many wartime bureaus
have done this that the people have lost pa
tience with them. It is because they have
grown more and more dictatorial, infringing
upon if not actually abrogating constitutional
rights, that dissatsfaction with them has be
come wide spread.
As they now function, they have set the
state—which they assume to personify—above
the people in the European fascist pattern,
and rule by fiat, by directive and arbitrary
orders, in defiance of the Constitution which
they are under oath to support.
They exceed their normal functions as much
as if the Census bureau, for example, should
declare that no families may be increased
by the birth of additional babies, or no farm
report larger or smaller crops than in the
previous year.
Herein, we think, lies the legitimate com
plaint against the bureaucratic system which
has been set up in this country. The opposi
tion is not to bureaus but to the methods of
many of them, and particularly to the auto
crats who head them. It is because they art
rapidly tearing down the cardinal principles
of American democracy that the people are
denouncing them.
They are responsible for the threat of a
political upheaval next November.
The Circus Holocaust
As in most cases when there is a sudden
cry of “fire” where many persons are as
sembled, the frightful death toll at Hartford
when the Barnum Bailey and Ringling
Brothers big top burned was due to panic.
Had the six thousand spectators marched out
in order the probability is that few would
have been injured and fewer killed. Because
the audience stampeded, the known toll was
well above a hundred dead.
It was a happy circumstance that animal
acts had been concluded before the wisp of
flame was discovered. Otherwise the casualties
might have been greater. But even though the
animals had been returned to their cages, the
steel runway through w’hich they travel to
and from the rings was still in position and
proved a barrier to the escape of many, with
bodies piled up at its side, as snow drifts
against a fence, crushed under the heels of
frenzied people.
uispaicnes lemng ui me iiuiuiausi empiid
size that circus employes went about their
work in the emergency with cool heads and
efficient hands and did what they could to
stop the panic.The band even started playing
in the vain hope of establishing some sort
of order. But the fact remains that a bucket
of water thrown on the single finger of flame
when it was first discovered probably would
have extinguished it and the men and wom
en and children who went down in the crush,
or were overtaken by the flames because
exits were crowded, would have been saved.
Why water was not applied has not been
told. It is the practice of the circus manage
ment to keep filled buckets and extinguishers
at many places under the big top for just,
such an emergency, and crews are carefully
trained in their use. Fire is among the grav
est perils a circus must face. For years the
Barnum & Bailey and Ringling Brothers cir
cus has taken every precaution within its
means to prevent fire during a performance.
The cause of its failure to prevent this one
will be sedulously sought.
Astounding News
No more astounding news has come from
war-infested Pacific zones than 'that Chinese
forces, reinforced from the south, have turned
the tide of the Japanese conquest in Hunang
province and actually forced the enemy into
a retreat from his most advanced position.
Chungking has announced the lifting of the
Hengyang siege and the driving back of the
main Japanese forces some twenty-five miles
in the area to the south where they threatened
to complete the seizure of the Hankow-Canton
railway and cut eastern China off from ulti
mate Allied occupation. The victory, says a
Chinese army spokesman, has removed for
sometime to come the Japanese threat to oc
cupy the whole of that rail line and split
China in two.
At the time this is written there is no def
inite information on what has actually taken
place, beyond the broad statement that the
Japanese have been turned back. It is not
said where reinforcements came from spe
cifically or from what armed forces they were
drawn. But it seems probable that General
Stilwell has found the means of diverting some
of his carefully trained Chinese forces from
the Burma area and that General Chennault’s
air force has had a hand in their transport
and in the battle as well.
Details of the engagement will be forthcom
ing *s soon as they are made available to
f'the news agencies and our military command
in that area. In the meantime it is heartening
to know that as the eighth year of the Sino
Japanese war opens the prospect of Allied
victory over Japan is improved by this turn
in the fighting in Hunang province.
Price Of Alliance
The report of the AMG public health chief
in Rome brings us yet another picture of the
enormity of Nazi greed, rapacity and heartless
ness. One of every five persons in the Italian
capital is suffering from tuberculosis, a direct'
result of Italy’s “friendly alliance’’ with Hitler.
First came the Italian contribution to Hitler’s
promised victory. Not only did the Italians
pay with men and goods and raw material,
but also with cold and hunger. Then the Nazis
arrived in person, living as they always live,
on the country’s best, while the natives en
dured new, acute privation.
The toll is only now becoming apparent to
us. Deficiency diseases of adults and children
are piled upon the alarming spread of tuber
culosis Thus did Hitler treat his friends and
allies. What the liberating Allied armies will
find in the countries that opposed Hitler is ap
palling to contemplate.
Fair Enough
(Editor s Note. The Star and the News accept no
responsibility for the personal views of Mr. Pegler
and often disagree with them as much as many of
his readers. His articles serve the good purpose of
making people think.
NEW YORK.—Careful study of the Roberts
report on the Pearl Harbor disaster dispels
the impression, left by a superficial reading
of the text, that Adm. H. E. Kimmel and Maj.
Gen. Walter C Short refused to confer and
co-operate and under-estimated the gravity of
orders from Washington in anticipation of war.
The Roberts committee did not even charge
that they refused to neglected to confer or
co-operate. On the contrary, it reports that
they did so. Moreover, on Feb. 27. 1942, one
month after the report was published, Rear
Adm. William H. Standley, a member of the
committee, was quoted in the San Francisco
Examiner as having said: "The impression
has been created that the relations between
Short and Kimmel were so estranged that
they passed t® opposite sides of the street to
avoid meeting each other. The exact contrary
was the fact. A careful reading of the report
will show that Kimmel and Short conferred
for three hours on Nov. 27, that they conferred
again on Dec. 1, and again on the 2nd and
4th. You can make that as strong as you want
I submit this remark knowing that newspa
per quotations are not testimony. However,
newspaper quotes are not inferior to the
Roberts report, itself, for his committee had
absolutely no standing as a court. Moreover,
the report admits that the two commanders
did confer repeatedly and does not charge
Then what, precisely was the charge brought
against Kimmel and Short by the committee
of which rear Adm. Standley was a member?
The report said they were derelict in failing
to consult “riispecting the meaning and in
tent’’ of warnings from Washington and “the
appropriate measure of defense required by
the immediate imminence of hostilities.’’ But
even that is just an informal opinion, not a
legal verdict.
“Immediate imminence’’ means “threaten
ing to occur immediately.’
Neither commander had recieved any warn
ing that hostilities wj.ere immediately immi
nent. On the contrary, up to the moment of
the attack, they had been warned not to take
any measure that would alarm the civilian
population and only to take precautions
against sabotage, espionage, propaganda af
fecting their personnel, and other subversive
activities. Their information and instructions
concerned internal troubles, not attack from
the outside, and Short was specifically ordered
to take no “illegal measures.” His “protec
tive measures should be confined to those es
sential to security so as to avoid unnecessary
publicity and alarm,” the report said. That
was why his planes were concentrated, not
dispersed. They could be better guarded
against sabotage by fewer men.
Adm. Kimmel’s warnings were about the
same. On Nov. 27, he was ordered not. to
take offensive action until Japan had struck
the first blow.
inu juiiner message was received uy rvmi
mel prior to Dec. 7. raising the degree of
alarm already recorded. Messages received
between Nov. 29 and Dec. 7 only told him
that the Japanese were “believed” to be de
stroying documents in certain consulates, au
thorized the destruction of confidential naval
papers and suggested that the Japanese Navy
was bound elsewhere than the Hawaiians.
In violation of his orders, Kimmel had been
dropping ash - cans on objects suspected of
being Japanese submarines on invisible con
tact for some months. In fact, the attack by
the Destroyer Ward and a naval patrol plane
in which a Japanese midget submarine was
sunk outside Pearl Harbor about an hour be
fore the aerial bombardment of the naval base,
was a violation of Kimmel’s latest orders from
Washington. It was an overt act. He should
have let the submarine fire a torpedo at the
Ward, first. 'v
It is possible that Kimmel and Short were
remiss or derelict and should be dismissed
without honor. But the fact is that up to.this
hour they have never been charged officially
with the slightest offense and are, legally, no
more guilty than any other innocent American
walking the streets with a clean reputation.
Meanwhile, however, the Roberts, report, the
propaganda of the Roosevelt political admin
istration and the public’s inability to discrimi
nate between hearsay and rumor and to re
sist impressions, have convicted these men
without trial. The Roberts report flatly says
they were guilty of “dereliction in their fail
ure to confer on certain matters, although
certainly Justice Owen J. Roberts must know
that this is a serious charge , which only a
court - martial could determine.
This committee was appointed by President
Roosevelt “by executive order” to report the
“facts” and “provide basis for sound decisions
whether any derelictions of duty or errors
of judgment” by Army or Navy commanders,
“contributed” to the Japanese success.
But President Roosevelt had been in charge
of still higher affairs, affecting the causes
and probability of war, and the directive,
limiting the inquiry to naval and military ac
tions on the spot, precluded examination of
his own conduct. And the inquiry was so con
ducted that the two officers could not defend
themselves. By result they were found guilty
without trial *nd the whole story still remains
to be told.
With Ernie Pyle
IN NORMANDY—(.by wireless)— :
rhe six hours of nighttime go swift- i
y for our ack ack battery, which j
is a blessing Time races when
; ou are firing. And In the long
lulls between the waves of enemy i
planes you doze and catnap and 1
:ht- time gets away. i
Once, during a lull long after :
midnight, half a dozen of the boys 1
in our gunpit start singing softly :
Their voices are excellent. Very i
low and sweetly they ring in per
fect harmony such songs as I’ve i
Been Workin’ on the Railroad” and 1
There isrf’t anything forced, or
dramatic, about it. It’s just half
i dozen young fellows singing be 1
cause they like to sing—and the 1
fact that they are in a gunpit in
France shooting at people trying
to kill them, is just a circum
The night grow? bitterly chill.
Between firings every man drapes
m army blanket around his shoul
ders, and sometimes up over his 1
head, capelike. In the darkness 1
they are just silhouettes, looking
strange and foreign like Arabs. 1
After 2 o’clock there is a long
lull. Gradually the boy? wrap up (
in their blankets and lie down on 1
the floor of the pit and fall asleep.
Pretty soon you hear them snoring. '
I talk with the gun commander
for a few minutes, in low tones. ,
then my eyes get heavy too.
I wrap a blanket around me and
sit down on the floor of the pit, 1
leaning against the wall. The night
is now as silent as a grave. Not
a shot, not a movement anywhere.
My head slacks over to one ride.
But I can’t relax enough to sleep
in that position. And it is so cold.
I am sleepv I hurt, and I berate
myself because I can’t go to sleep
nice tne omers.
But I'm asleep all the time. For
suddenly a voice shouts “Stand
by!”—and it ip as shocking as a
backet of cold water in your face.
You look quickly at your watch
and realize that an hour has pass
ed. All the silent forms come fran
tically to life. Blankets fly. Men 1
bump into each other.
“Commence firing!” rings out
above the confusion, and immedi
ately the great gun is blasting
away, and smoke again fills thp
Sleep and rouse up. Catnap and
fire. The night wears on. Some
t mes a pasping truck sounds exact
ly like a faraway plane. Frightened
French dogs bark in distant barn
Things are always confusing and
mysterious in war. Just before
dawn an airplane draws nearer
and nearer, lower and lower, yet
we get no order to shoot and we
wonder why. But machine guns
and Bofors guns for mile? around
go after it.
The plane comes booming on in,
in a long dive. He seems to be
heading right at us. We feel like
ducking low in the pit. He actually
crosses the end of our field less
than a hundred yards from us,
and only two or three hundred feet
up. Our hearts are pounding.
We don't know who he is or what
he is doing. Our own planep are
not supposed to be in the air. Yet
if this is a German why doesn’t
he bomb or strafe us? We never
find out.
The first hint of dawn comes.
Most of us are asleep again. Sud
denly one of the boys calls out,
“Look! What’s that?”
We ptare into the faint light, and
there just above us goes a great,
lilent, grotesque shape, floating
lowly through the air. It is a
'hostly sight.
Then we recognize it, and all of
is feel a sense of relief. It is one
,f our barrage balloons which has
iroken looce and is drifting to
iarth. Something ?nags it in the
lext field, and il hangs there pois
;a above the apple trees until
;emebody comes and gets it long
ifter daylight.
As fuller light comes we start
ighting cigarets in the open. The
lottery commander asks over the
.hone how many shells were fired,
md telle us our tentative score
’or the night is seven planes shot
town. The crew is proud and pleas
Dawn brings an imagined
varmth and we throw off our blan
:ets. Our eyes feel gravelly and
ur heads groggy. The blast of the
un has kicked up so much dirt
hat our faces are as grimy as
hough we had driven all night in
i duct storm. The green Norman
;ountryside is wet and glistening
vith dew.
Then we hear our own planes
h umming in the distance. Sudden
v they pop cut of a cloud bank
>nd are over us. Security for an
>1her day has come, and we sur
ender willingly the burden of pro
ecting the beaches. The last
‘Rest!’ is given and we put the
run awav until another rlartnoec
WASHINGTON, July 7-(J>)-The
'Javy department today released a
casualty list which included the
names of the following North Caro
Chief Boatswain’s Mate Charles
Earl Campen. U. S. Coast Guard,
A-ounded. Father, William M.
dampen. Hertford.
Machinist’s Mate 1st Class Wil
liam Roswell Smith, U. S. Mn. R.
lead. (Previously reported missing
an report of naval casualties for
June 2, 1944.1 Parents Mr. and
Mrs. Louis Albert Smith, Shelby.
Signalman 2nd Class John Primm
Collections of nearly 30,000
pounds of waste paper have been
made by the Senior fraternity of
the Boy’s Brigade during the pre
sent scrap drive for salvage paper,
it was announced yesterday.
The majority of the paper has
been collected in answers to calls
made to the fraternity by the gen
et al public. In an effort to collect
a maximum amount of paper in
a minimum amount of time, calls
to the group’s headquarters are
segregated into districts r-c that a
truck with its crew may work a
specific area designated by t-e
fraternity’s scrap committee and
thereby eliminate overlaping and
the necessity of extra trips.
All requests for collection which
may be placed by calling either
2-3741 or 6937. will be answered
promptly, as the volunteer crews
work every day from 6 p.m. to
-n. rut pwuiiL. ip uigcu, nuw
ever, to wait and call collectors
only when all paper or magazines
available have been gathered and
are ready to be picked up.
Since the Brigade will be closed
during the summer months, the
Senior Fraternity will hold its
meetings at the Immanuel Pres
byterian church at 5th and Meares
Str., where the wives of the mem
bers will prepare the suppers.
The next meeting will be held
on Monday at 6:30 p.m., at which
t me members will discuss me
thods of promoting public partici
pation in the drive and plans will
he made to render the public better
and more prompt service
HICKORY, July 7—(tfl—Dr. H.
C. Whims of Newton, physician
for the Catawba-Lin coin health de
partment, has been made official
director of the emergency hos
pital for infantile paralysis pa
tients at the fresh air camp near
Hickory. Previously Dr. Whims
had jointly directed the hospital
with Dr. Gaither Hahn of Hickory,
who will be assistant director.
Thomas, LCS.N.R. wounded. Par
ents, Mr. and Mrs. Cyrus Berkeley!
Thomas Weldon.
The W ar
Assocated Press War Analjst
Events across the Pacific ha e
taken a sharp turn for the bett r
.o match developments in the roar
ing Russian-Allied three-front war
against the Nazi-Nipponese axis
in Europe.
The second flight of B-29 Super
fortress bom'oeis from China in
dart at the mair Nipponese w.^t
coast naval bas° of Sasebo puis
rokyo on notice of the aerial cross
fire being prepared against it. T e
Japanese mail fleet soon can feel
secure nowhere, at home bases or
at sea, against the rising tide nf
sea and air power being brought
■o bear again?! it, both from China
and American-captured bases ln
the Pacific.
Whether any portion of that fleet
cay at Sasebo when the B-29s came
over to repay in kind for Pearl
Harbor is yet. 1c be disclosed It
cannot be doubled that the attack
siepped-up sharply the heavy at
trition toll being taken of the Jap
anese navy and cargo fleet, how
ever. There was already ample ev
idence that enemy shipping in the
Pacific theater is going down fast
er than it can be replaced.
The second Superfortress raid on
Japan upon the seventh anniver
sary of her unprovoked attack
on China lent immediate support to
the Chiang Ka'-Shek anniversary
statement to his war weary and
ill equipped p“ople that help was
coming. And to cap it came Chung
k’ng disclosure that the enemy of
fensive in Hunan province had been
definitely blunted at Hengyang.
Chinese spokesman said the
aanger of a Japanese break
tnrough to join now also stalled
fcrces in the south and cut China
apart from Peiping to Canton had
been averted for some time to
come. They gave full credit to the
American air force in China for
crucial aid in checking the foe.
The Japanese drive along the
Peiping • Hankow • Canton railway
was primarily aimed at preventing
American use of southeastern
China air bases. The Chinese vic
tory at Hengyang foreshadors new
Super - bomber raids against the
heart of the Nipponses war effort
in Japan itself.
Details of both the second Super
fortress raid on Japan and the bat
he at Hengyang are still to come
end their full significance it yet to
be indicated, it appears certain,
however, that the enemy again
badly under-rated Chinese ability
and will to fight and Allied ability
to get important stocks rf fighting
equipment to Chinese troops des
pite all communication difficulties.
American Legion Post No. 10
was in operation yesterday with a
new set of officers for 1944-1945.
installed at their meeting the n ght
before at the new Legion home.
IOC South Third St.
In addition to installing officers
at the meeting, the Post approved
the plan to donate a room in the
Leg.on home for the use ot a state
service officer who would assist
World War II veterans.
Approval of this plan is now final
as far as Post No. 10 is concerned
and awaits approval from Wash
ington. If the plan is accepted by
Washington, Wilmington will have
a state service officer who will
help veterans adjust themselves to
civilian life and aid th°m financial
N. S. Westbrook, post com
mander, read a report of all activi
ties of the post for the past year
and also made suggestions for fu
ture activities. One suggestion was
foi the purchasing of an ambul
ance to be used by the American
Legion for the people of Wilming
ton, especially veterans. Final ap
proval on the suggestion has not
b-en given.
The officers installed by Judge
J J. Burney, who acted as instala
t:on officer, were as fo’lows: Com
mander. N. S. Westbrook; first
vice commander, M. B. Register;
second vice commander. W. K.
Rhodes; third vice commander. 0.
O. Allsbrook; finance officer. D.
M. Darden; judge advocate. W J.
Canady; historian, Stella Pett
way; chaplin, W. L. Farmer; exe
cutive committe, W. D. Jones and
R- J. Benson: trustees, F. G. De
bose, J. G. Thornton, and Walker
25 Years Ago
JUIjiY 8, 1919
NEW YORK, Four dreadnaug .ii
and 36 destroyers from the Atlantic
fleet formed the excort that met
the United States naval transport.
George Washington, with President
Wilson aboard, 30 miles east of
Sandy Hook early today. In the
harbor were 45 warships headed
by the flagship. Pennsylvania, with
Admiral Henry B. Wilson, assigned
to join the out - harbor escort.
Mr. and Mrs. W. T. Farriss aid
young son, Eugene, and Mrs. K.
M. Cheek, have returned to their
homes in Wilmington from a mo
tor trip to Baltimore and other
points of interest
Mr. and Mrs. Sig Wallace and
family of Statesville, are visitir.g
Mrs. Wallace’s sister, Mrs. Rebec,
ca Sternberger at Wrightsvil!*
Beach. They came in their auto via
Fayetteville and reported t h «
roads in good condition.
The Literary Guidepost
Richard Edes Harrison (Knopf;
Richard Edes Harrison’s “Look
at the World” is certainly the
landsomest book of maps I have
seen. Most of the ones drawn in
photographic perspective look as if
;hey should be taken out of the
>ook and framed; very likely the
lacket map, which was drawn too
ate to be included in the book,
vill be framed by a good many
astute people. It proves that what
:ver the unfortunate characteris
tics of the Japs may be, their
;ountry makes a beautiful map "if
Mr. Harrison draws it.
Like a good many things of com
parable interest, Mr. Harrison's
atlas is a joint enterprise. When,
a few years out of Yale, he de
eded to draw the world as he
saw it, he needed a backer with
noney and imagination. This he
ound in the magazine “Fortune.”
ie needed a lot of research, and
he Time and Life building swarms
vith researchers. Lastly, he need
id appreciation, and this was fur
lished jointly by explorers, geog
raphers, and an amused and rath
er grateful public. It is something
to be shown a new world at any
Mr. Harrison believes we are
victims of convention and a tacit
conspiracy. The latter was per
haps better described as a lack of
candor; all technically competent
persons knew that old-style maps
were badly distorted, but until the
plane came along nobody thought
it worth while to tell the public.
The conventions were numerous,
but Mr. Harrison believes the basic
and therefore most pernicious one
is our curious idea that the top of
a map must be north. It is a nec
essary convention often, desirable
sometimes, but in hift opinon the
chief obstacle to a flexible sense
of geography. When one is ac
customed to seeing Italy in, rough
ly, a north south position, it looks
queer any other way. And it looks
wrong shown canting off to the
southeast—which it actually does.
So today’s cartographer figures
out what he wants to show then
in effect gets into a balloon and
ascends very high into the strat
osphere and “photographs’’ the
world from that point

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