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The Star-News cannot be responsible for currency sent through the mails.__ MEMBER THE ASSOCIATED PRESS~ With confidence in oar armed forces— with Ihe unbounding determination of our people — we will fain the inevitable triumph — so help us God. —Roostvelt’s War Message. * TUESDAY, JULY 25, 1944 Our Chief Aim To aid in every way the prosecution ef the war to complete Victory._ TOP OF THE MORNING God gives at birth a string of golden beads. To al each bead a year for loving deeds; Yet as returns anew the natial day, His hand who gave the years takes one away: . The little child cares not as one by one the beads slip off and show a year is done; But we who older are and values know Full thoughtful watch our — chain short er grow. A Birthday Thought—Maria Chaffee ■-V Both Making Mistakes The New York Times ably points out the misconception and wrong interpretation of President Roosevelt's position as Commander in Chief and his use of the term in his letter [o Chairman Hannegan. It is developing into a political controversay, says the Times “in which both Republicans and Democrats have begun to make mistakes.” On the one hand, adds the Times: The Republicans, as evidenced by their platform and by Mr. Dewey’s acceptance speech, seem in dknger of taking the po sition that the President’s constitutional role as Commander in Chief is a wholly incidental factor in the war and that the major decisions in this field have been made, and should continue to be made, by the high command of the Army and the Navy, ‘without civilian influence”— a phrase used both by the platform and by Mr. Dewey. But this gives an unreal picture of the situation. Nothing is clearer than that the greatest single military de cision in the whole conduct of the war thus far—the decision to throw the main bulk of our strength first into Europe, rather than divide it between Europe and the Pacific—was made, and should have been made, by the President and not by the Army and Navy. The Army and Navy he Army and Navy, could present strong arguments either way based upon strate gic grounds; but under our system of gov ernment only the President had authority to decide whether these plans were con sistent with the material resources of the country, with the state of public morale at home, with the purposes and obliga tions of American foreign policy. This in cident is typical of the responsibility he carries as Commander in Chief. And on their side: The Democrats are in danger of mak ing a mistake of another kind on the same issue. This is the mistake of at tempting to exploit, for political purposes, the responsibility and authority of the President’s position as Commander in Chief. It will be difficult to convince many fair-minded people that there was any military mission so urgent as to require Mr. Roosevelt's presence at a West Coast Jiaval base on the very day when he itiew he would be delivering his accept ance speech, and equally difficult to make them believe that this spot was not chosen deliberately for the purpose of emphasiz ing his role as Commander in Chief. In his short letter to Mr. Hannegan, agreeing to be a candidate, Mr. Roosevelt used the phrase Commander in Chief” no few er than three times. In his acceptance . speech itself he said that he ‘would not campaign, in the usual sense, for the of fice,” since he would not consider it ‘fit ting,” and “besides, in these days of glo bal warfare, I shall not be able to find the time.” Here Mr. Roosevelt seems al most to forget that it is the Constitution which imposes on so busy a man the in convenience of a quadrennial election. Both parties have need to correct their pres ent attitudes. The right thing for the Repub licans to do is not to argue that the ‘Presi dent has no great military responsibilities,” and for the Democrats ‘‘it would be best to keep Mr. Roosevelt in civilian clothes, rather than wrap him in too much braid.” The position of the Times is sound, but it will be hard to convince malcontents in both parties of the fact. Chenault Optimistic General Chennault believes that even if the Japanese should succeed in splitting China as they set out to do when they transferred thousands of troops from the Siberian frontiei 2nd launched their campaign along the Pei ®in*-Hankow-Canton railway, they would gair little advantage and suffer so heavily that any gain would be more than offset by their losses. “I always thought it would be advanta geous to have large Japanese forces in the interior of China where we could wear them down,” he is quoted as saying at his head quarters. ‘‘Japanese casualties at Hengyang,” he continued, “involve a considerable percen tage of their total forces. We will turn a large percentage of Japanese troops into cas ualties.” The General bases his view on the break ing of Japan’s inner circle of defenses at Saipan. Even if the enemy should succeed in their drive to take Kwelin or Canton, he believes, the campaign will be a costly one without strengthening the defense of Japan. By the time they consolidate their positions in central China the war would be over. “I think Germany will be defeated within this year,” he says, and “Japan will be defeated six months afterward. A China base will not be necessary to defeat Japan.” He adds that the Japanese cabinet shakeup is public confirmation that Japanese' strategy of trying to consolidate positions in the in terior of China has been a year too late. It might have succeeded then but cannot succeed now. vj fcui/i au iwiiwsiuijg anti the sombre tone of comments everywhere on the Japanese thrust in China’s mid-hinterland. The general assumption has been that if the enemy cut China along the aforesaid railroad the Allies would lose a main chance to strike 'at Japan from bases in China and so make the prolongation of the war inevitable. Now he says eastern China is not needed, suggest ing that'the job of overwhelming Japan can be done by attacks from other directions. General Chennault has proved his right to speak and what he says commands respect. -V Children On Delinquency Since juvenile delinquency became a ma jor problem with the entrance of the United States into this war, a thousand and one solu tions have been offered. Not a few of them have come from juveniles themselves. Every once in a while a group of boys and girls has written a code of behavior or pro posed ways and means for keeping clear of the law and advancing the standing of chil dren in the community. If there is one fault with these contributions to the general dis cussion it is that the proposals come from children living on the right side of the tracir and none from the wrong side. in mixer wuxus, me ooys ana girls who have been in trouble and smart under the punishment they have received either have not thought out the causes of their wrong-do ing or of how their situation could be bettered. We are dependent upon the opinions of or derly and well behaved children, "to whom all things are possible because all things are untried." While their views are theoretical, however, some of their ideas do not deserve to be shrugged off. Such a group gathered at the Benjamin Franklin High school in New York recently and pondered "what to do about juvenile de linquency?” Eighteen boys and girls, all pu pils of the school, proposed a program of recreational activities. The boys favored ma chine shop work and sports, the girls stressed arts and crafts. They all urged establishment of a “teen canteen” for children from four teen to eighteen, as a meeting place during idle hours. The conference was under the auspices of Teachers College, Columbia University, New York University and Benjamin Franklin High school, and attracted an audience of five hun dred persons. "A girl named Josephine,” says a dispatch from New York, declared t h e causes of delinquency "come from the par ents." And Josephine went on to say: "They don’t allow their daughters to go out at night or to mingle with boys and that only leads the girls to mee* them on the sly. It would be so much better if the parents allowed them to have social gatherings at home.” Then a boy said "there should be more emphasis in the schools on ethics and the study of what is right and wrong, than on Shakespeare and grammar.” Another advo cated more extensive use of school facilities during the summer and on holidays. "If the city would only provide one or two teachers every afternoon or in the evening, the chil dren would not be playing in the streets," he said. There is nothing new, to be sure, in any of this. It has all been recognized by all agencies dealing with juvenile delinquency. But for all that it was worth hearing again. The need, ever- where, is to put in practice the recommendations thus offered. Presidential Poll What happened to the Literary Digest follow ing a presidential poll a few years ago con tains no terrors for Fortune magazine, which has just completed a poll on the forthcoming elections. The results are interesting. Only time can prove them accurate or out of plumb. For tune’s tabulation reveals that if the war is still being fought in Europe and the Orient, 58.8 per cent of the persons polled will sup port President Roosevelt; if the war in Europe is over, only 47.1 per cent will vote for him, and if the war is ended in both theaters, 40 per cent. For Dewey the tabulation shows— War still unended in its entirety, 42,2 per cent; over in Europe, 45.2 per cent; Won in both areas, 49.6 per cent. This leaves a percentage o$ don’t knows too small to figure materially in the outcome. Besides, it is the Electoral College, not the popular vote, that decides presidential elections. Sidelights on the poll are no less interesting than the tabulation. For example. 27.6 per cent said, in effect, that there was no question in their minds that Mr. Roosevelt would make the best President and they intended to vote for him. Another 21.6 per cent said there were things about Mr. Roosevelt they did not like but they intended to vote for him nevertheless. Of those intending to vote for Governor Dewey, 29.6 per cent said they thought he was the best choice Republicans could make and another 13.1 per cent said they thought he would make a better President than Mr. Roosevelt although they would have preferred another Republican. Of those polled only 8.1 per cent said they had not made up their minds. November is still a “fur piece" off. What ever value Fortune’s poll possesses is tem porary. But is is notable for disclosing that republican sentiment is not wholly favorable to Dewey and Roosevelt does not enjoy com plete support of the democrats. We Americans are hard to please. i-: Fair Enough (Editor's Note.—The Star and the News accept no responsibility for the personal views of Mr. P'lgler, and often disagree with them as much as many of his readers. His articles serve the good purpose of making people think. By WESTBROOK PEGLER CHICAGO.—The party of unity, tolerance and justice went primitive in the last ses sions of the convention called to ratify Mr. Roosevelt's prior acceptance of his fourth nom ination. The legions of tnose who would enforce brotherly love with the heavy end of a sawed off pool cue found themselves mere playthings of passion in an ecstacy of the old party spirt. .They wound it up in a magnificent exhibition of double-crossing and trimming, merrily reminiscent of the long parliament of 1924 in which Tammany Hall packed the old Madison Square Garden and wooed the proud and sensitive Southern brethern with the strains of "Marching Through Georgia.” Ha tred and suspicion were unconfined and half a-dozen sulky aspirants for the vice-presiden tial nomination were walking around today asking old friends to be good enough to re move that dagger from between their shoulder blades and only half-confident that a trusted hand wouldn't shove it in deeper. The Democrats of tire Southern tier and the urban bosses of the North were responsible for the first great political beating ever given the CIO and the America/i equivalent of the French Popular Front at the hands of the party which gave it being. This group, rep resented by Sidney Hillman as leader of a collection of Communist organizations and in dividuals. set up convention headquarters and boldly undertook to dictate the selection of Henry Wallace to succeed himself. The South is afraid of the CIO because of its memorable insurrections in Michigan, Ohio and Pennsyl vania which President Roosevelt condoned and Frank Murphy, now of the Supreme Court, tolerated as governor of Michigan. The South ern politicians had noted Wallace’s expressed impatience with ‘‘Bill of Rights democracy” and his open fellowship with manipulates* of the Communist conspiracy in the United States, all in the name of military unity with Russia although Russia had professed to dis own the‘m. A „ t-U „ „ i__a:_ai_— line methods of the direct actionists of the CIO were reproduced in subdued but disturb ing version by the Wallace claque, obviously organized according to the radical or com munist system of intimidation. Ed. Kelly, the mayor of Chicago and the one democratic lo cal machine boss who had slugged it out with the CIO communists in a bloody riot and beat en them, was in technical command of the actual convention. He had the tickets, the ushers were his, and his police around Chi cago should have been able to anticipate Hill man’s plans. Nevertheless, the stooges who packed the hall on two occasions were not Kelly's people but Wallace’s and Hillman’s. The sight of their big placards, mounted on sticks, was a reminder of gory riots of other years, when the CIO, under many of the same organizers, also carried placards which were quickly re moved from the sticks which then became handy clubs. In those fights, which terrified many communities, some of the sticks had slots in one end in which safety razor blades w-ere wedged and became bayonets of a sort. The Wallace element had booed and issued not requests or petitions but commands to the democratic convention and the reaction was the nomination of Harry Truman. This Missouri senator has a soldier’s record from the first war to be weighed against his long and knowing association in Kansas City with the corrupt machine of Tom Pendergast, to whom he once publicly professed his politi cal debt and personal devotion. He is the product of one of the most revolting systems of vice, thuggery, larceny and other low crime in American urban history, who accepted its favors and support until it disintegrated of its own vileness, but he has never been sus pected of sympathy with the communists or their fellow travelers in Washington, New York or California. v naa wanace oeen seieuieu me v^ummumsis truly could have claimed that they had named the man who would succedd to the presidency in the event of President Roosevelt’s demise or retirement during a fourth term. True, the Political Action Committee supported the President, too. But there were, in his ad herence, so many other factors that it could not claim sole responsibility for his success. The Democrats of all groups had to accept Mr. Roosevelt. But Wallace lacked even the unqualified approval of the boss, and the Hill man group’s support was so arrogant and contemptuous of all other sections of the party that it became at once Wallace’s greatest si-ength and his fatal weakness. By contrast with the Democrats’ pleas to the nation and the whole world to live in peace and trusting friendship, their own con vention was a spectacular revival of its own old, quarrelsome trait. There are a number of Democrats who leave town so bitter and so distrustful of Mr. Roosevelt on domestic issues, especially labor and taxes, that they will give themselves the private satisfaction of voting for Dewey. The wives of three emi nent party men are known to feel that Mr. Roosevelt ruthlessly obstructed their hus band’s careers and to feel that he has been grossly inconsiderate and ungrateful. Truman’s selection was a victory for the machines of Kelly. Frank Hague of Jersey OVERBOARD_ iS&So,...■ ---JA- .s . \ 1 With Ernie Pyle * -_ I SOMEWHERE INFRANCE | (by wireless)—I'm sending this col umn for some rainy day when the regular piece doesn’t get through on time. This one contains a few’ odds and end» which I didn’t get down, be fore about our invasion voyage across the Channel to France. I came on a Navy LST which was a veteran of Sicily and Italy. Si.e went up to England during the winter and had just been lying around since then. She had a fine crew, from the captain on down. Most of the crew have been through other amphib ious campaigns, but there is a new batch of gunners who have been in the Navy only since De cember and who had never been shot at before our crossing. The skipper is Lieut. John D. Walker Jr., of Houlton, Me. He is a gentle, courteous bachelor of 35, fine-looking, fine-minded, and be loved by his wnole crew. Morale is high on this ship. A sailor will gel you aside and teli you what a fine ship it has been since Walker took command. Walker ran a Chevrolet and Cad illac agency in his home town, but he is not the high-powered salesman type at all. Aboard ship nir discipline is the kindly rather than the Simon Legree variety. For example, there was a little exchange that I witnessed between him and the table waiter in the wardroom. wc uctu to Jiumy Army oincers aboard that they practicall crowd ed the Navy staff our of its own snip. At mealtime the few Navy colored boys were hard put to keep the tables waited on. One of these was a little sailor' nicknamed Peewee, who hasn't been out in the big world very much. At first you think he is aullen, but later you learn it is just a facial expression and h= means all right. One day'he went to Captain Walker and said: 'Captain, I guess you think I’m grouchy, but it ain’t that. It's just that I’m worring all the time.” Captain Walker had been trying to teach Peewee some nice din ing-room manners. Trying to teach h>m to put things before his guests delicately, and not to jostle the guests or throw things at them. One day I was eating next to the captain, and an Army colonel was at the same table. Peewee wanted the colonel to get up and make room for somebody else, so he just reached over the colonel’s shoulder and started mopping the table with a wet cloth, sort of pushing the colonel out of the way as he did so. The colonel took the hint and got up and left. The captain saw it, and was a little embarrassed. So he said to Peewee, in a very kindly voice: ‘Peewe, you kind of bruised the colonel, didn’t you?” And Peewee, not getting the sub tle hint, and taking the captain literally, replied: "No, sir, I didn't push him hard enough to hurt him.” The captain just shook his head in despair and went on eating. Arrmnn ^ A — u unijr personnel City and other old-style urban bosses of the type for whom the pretentious idealists of the new deal expressed such pietistical ab horence a few years ago, only to rely on them at election time, and for those conservative Democrats of the South who were able to submit to a fourth term. The party may be united in action for this campaign but in spirit it is some thing with suspicion and many personal resentments. -_ ' aboard our ship was Capt. Warren Pershing, son of General Pershing. The captain, who is not a profes sional soldier at all, started out as a private in this war. He is in the Engineers. He is a tall, blond regular fel low and everybody likes him. He leans over backward not to trade on his father’s name. He doesn’t speak of the General unless you ask him. 1 asked if the General was still at Walter Reed Hospital. He said yes, and that his father was very excited because they had just built him a penthouse on the hospital roof. I have been told thai despite his age and poor health General Pershing is very close to this war, and that some of our General Staff call on him almost daily for ad vice and counsel. On the way across the Channel, Captain Pershing’s commanding officer gave him a mission to pre form the moment we hit the beach. His mission was to steal a bull dozer at a certain spot, right away. I checked up a couple of day? later to see if he had succeeded. He not only showed up with the bulldozer but with a hundred men as well. He ever, got the bulldozer without stealing it. Just talked somebody out of it. The cook on LST No. 392, on which I came to France, was a beefy, good-natured fellow named Edward Strucker. of Barberton, O., which is near Akron. Cooking on these transport ships is a terrible job, for you suddenly have to turn out twice as much food as normally. But Eddie is not the worrying type, and he takes it all in his stride. Eddie has a brother named Charles in the Army Engineers, and in the past year has been lucky enough to run into him four times—once in Africa, once in Si cily, and twice in Italy. One of those small-world exper iences happened to me, too, while on that' ship. We lay at anchor in a certain harbor a couple of days before sailing for France. On the second day I was in the Washrooiti shaving when a sailor came in and said there was a Commander Greene who wanted to see me in the captain’s cabin. The only Greene I could think of who might be a commander in the Navy v.as Lieut. Terry Greene, whom I had known in my Green wich Village days. You didn’t know 1 ever had any Greenwich Village days? Well, don’t get excited, be cause they weren’t very lurid any how. At any rate I went to the cap tain’s cabin, and sure enough it was the same Terry Greene all right. By some strange coincidence we had both got 17 years older in the meantime. Grene held a very important position in the convoy. He wa3 tickled to death with his assign ment, for he had been in the States almost the whole war and was about to go nuts for some action. I haven't seer, him on this side of the Channel to discuss it, but 1’rr, afraid our trip over wasn’t as exciting as he would have liked. But you can’t please everybody, ar d it was just tame enough to cuit me fine. • In your travels around the world if you ever happen to be sailing on LST No. 392 you might climb a ladder to a high platform astern which holds a big gun, and look at the breech of the gun. There, written on each side of the barrel, you’ll find my name. JULY 25, 1919 The following were elected offi cers of the Sunset Park Tennis c'ub last night: president, John H. LeGwin; vice - president, John Cockey; secretary, Louis MacMil lan and treasurer, J. Laurens An executive committe composed of the above and James D. Le Gwin, A. J. Ahrens and Colonel J. R. D. Mathewson was appoint ed. Miss Mamie James Fennell has as her guest at her home on Wrightsville sound, Miss Florence Robertson of Petersburg. Miss Anne E. Burkheimer, daughter of Mrs. Eloise B. Burk heimer, and Don R. Kirkman of High Point, were drowned in Banks channel, Wrightsville Beach a short distance north of the trestle late yesterday afternoon. Mr. and Mrs Vernon Crocker and child of Raleigh, are visiting Mr. and Mrs. W. T. Farriss. The boys in the gun crew asked if I would come up and write my name as big as 1 could on the gun, and then they would trace it over in red paint. Which they did. I'll be very much embarrassed now if the gun blows up on them. To say nothing of how they'll feel. One of the gun crew is Seaman John Lepperd, of Hershey, Pa. Ht .3 about the oldest man in the crew. He is 34 and has three daughters—17, 15 and 13—and yet he got drafted last November and here he is sailing across the Eng lish Channel and helping shoot down German planes. It still seems a little odd to him. It is qute a contrast to the building game, which he had been in. (Also on this ship I ran into one of my home-towners from Albu querque, Electrician’s Mat° Harold uampton. His home actually is in Farmington, M. M., but he worked for the telephone company at Al buquerque, installing new phones, now he is the- electrician for this ship. He is a tall, dark, quiet fel low who knows a great deal more about the Southwest than I do. He said he has driven past our house many times, and we has long nos talgic talks about the desert and Indian jewelry and sunsets. We are both tired of being where we are and we wish we were back on the Rio Grand. Every LST in our convoy car ried two or three barrage balloons. With each balloon was a soldier. Among the soldiers I talked to or the LST were Corp. Loyce Gil bert, of Spring Kill. La.,,Pfc. Oscar Davis, of Troy, N. C., and Pvt. F.oyd Woodville, of Baltimore. They didn’t seem especially appre hensive about going to war. I talk ed to them quite a while but never got much out of them except yes and no. Which was all right with me. I feel that way myself some times. Especially right now. Daily rrayer FOR OUR ALLIES Our prayer today, gracious Fath er of all men, is for our dauntless Allies, who have long borne the grievous burden of war. Grant that their faith may fail not: and that they may have joy and hope ini n. Hasten the day of victory, that] Interpreting The War By KIRK L. SIMPSON Associated Press War Analyst The distant rumbling of R . ^ guns that mean freeuom is ready sounding in the ears ' -L Nazi enslaved population \ya-. saw when the east wind bi ... Red columns are that close la the northeast, the east and' - le southeast; and there are Ber well as Moscow intimations German flight to the Vistu ai :r.,m Germans flight to the Vistula, from front in central Poland of white only Brest Litovsk and Lwov. north and south anchorages. 6! main in Nazi hands. If they follow their own \ ?n established strategy, however forces will bypass Warsaw. ,,ot waste lives in frontal assaults. Most of the city lies wes- ,,f Wisla. It would be more d.Rieu t to take by storm than Stalingrad highwater mark of the Nazi war o:i Russia but never Russian weld ed. German expectation of Ry.;;an bypassing drives on both side.- of Warsaw is indicated in evacuation of Siedlce, last important town on the Warsaw-Moscow direct rail road east of Warsaw. At that point a Russian advance group is now less than 50 miles from the head of the old polish capital. Southward at Lublin, the Rus sians have posed a graver threat by a wide-fronted break-through across the bug to within 25 miles or less of the Wisla. It is there by every sign, at the town of Puta way where the Lublin-Radom rai' road crosses the Wislla. that the fate of the last water defense lin» east of Germany's own frontiers is apt to be decided. A Ruussian break-through at that point driven to any depth would, outflank the Warsaw de fenses. And farther south Ukruin- , ian armies 60 miles west of by passed Lwow are already in a por tion to turn the Wisla front befo ’ the demoralized foe reaches it for a stand. In the light of that situation the German stands not only at Lwow but also at by-passed Brest Lr vosk seem meaning.ess. The gar risons of both are in deadly danger of annihilation. Flight westward down a narrowing corridor form ed by the shallow valley of the Bug river west of its bend at Brest Litvosk seems the only hope of its German defenders. At Lwow an even greater Russian trap is fast forming which may be in tended to split off all enemy forces in the Jaroslav-Lwow-Stanlisla.v triangle. The size of that triangle sug gests it may contain the la. test Nazi army yet trapped by the Russians. Reduced for escape to the Carpathian passes get . away routes within range of Russian and Russian - based American bombers, that army cou’d be vir tually knocked out as a fighting force for weeks to come 'if it reached safetly at all through those difficult narrow's. The signs point to some such Russian strategy in the south. 25 Years Ago Today (FROM THE FILES OF THE STAR-NEWS) LET I KK BUX CIVILIAN U. S. O To the Editor: I have read with some surprise the press accounts relating to and your editorial approval of the Civ. - 1 ian U. S. O. project now being 1 completed locj^ly. While we are all of one mind in doing everything possible to af ford recreational facil.lies for our servicemen, the idea of a public:;/ supported recreational center tor civilians, patterned after the t S, O. clubs, is something else entirely U. S. O. funds were not solicited or subscribed for that purp se. Th° apparent beneficiaries of this pro ject, that is, workers in war in dustry, are receiving ample wages and much better able to pay hr their own recreation than many of our citizens who have not received substantial income increases as a result of the war. The war, fortunately, appears to be in its clos'ng stages as far as the European phase is concerned, and if t,here hud ever been a ■’ justification or reason for a civil ian project of this kind, the need is now past. We have done reason ably well for three war years with out it and. incidentally, Wilmington row has in operation the larged public recreational program in us Irstory. I understand that the local Y.M.C.A, has no responsibility f r or connection with this protect. It seems to me that many who have contributed to the l.T. S- ° in past campaigns will be - hew' to continue contributions if of this kind art- to be included if a program. J. Q. LEGKANO Wilmington, N. C. July 24. 1944. the bitter wrongs done the1 by the foe may be repaired, ar.r in the fellowship of peace r n together arrive at full ft-!.> life. Remember Thy mere;, little nations which are P ' through such an ordeal of ing. Lengthen our arms i; radely helpfulness to them, fir 1 us the spirit of imagination 'd sympathy, that we may understand and share their sufferings. ■'e: ^ our knees to constant intercess'-V prayer. For our whole hope ?! | help is in Thee, loving Father of us all. —Amen. — W.T.E. --v SUCTION LIFTS AIRPLANES Lifting effort of an airplane '* due about one-diird to the Pus:1 : 'om below the wing and about ;wo-thirds to suction from above caused by creation of « vacuum :ibove the winpa.