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|«SH Wilmington Wonting Star
VOL- ' 7-—NO. 167 — __ __WILMINGTON, N. C., THURSDAY, AUGUST 3, 1944 FINAL EDITION ESTABLISHED lo67 Americans Rout Nazis In Breton RACE TOWARD RENNES British Also Smashing Germans’ Center; Many Trapped SUPREME HEADQUAR TERS ALLIED EXPEDI TIONARY FORCE, Thurs day, Aug. 3.—(JP)—An Am erican tidal wave pouring ac ross Brittany today threat ened to lop off the entire Breton peninsula as Lt. Gen. Omar N. Bradley’s armor i raced toward Rennes, commu nications hub almost half j way across. All along the j British-American front out S flanked German defenses j which were crumbling in withdrawals ranging from re treat to near rout. Lt. Gen. Sir Miles C- Dempsey’s British smashed through the Na zis’ sagging center in a mid-pen insula drive, thrusting a seven mile salient eastward from the old Norman capital of Vire for a to tal gain of 17 miles south from Caumont, springboard of their four day-old offensive. A late dispatch from British headquarters at the front describ ed this as the beginning of “the great retreat,” and spoke flatly of a breakthrough a word much avoid ed since the offensive across the Orne bogged down. Thousands of Germans were penned in traps behind the British and American lines. About 22,000 prisoners have been taken on Use entire front* more than 20,000 by the Americans in their 10-day drive. British troops were fighting in the streets of Vire and to the east three miles north of their spear head on the Vire-Vassy road, they captured Estry. Farther north, five miles below Villers-Bocage, key to the Nazi defense perimeter in the Caumont sector, the town of Aunay was threatened with encirclement. Two miles below it the British stormed one Fontaine and fierce fighting raged there. Bradley’s men in the west swept in two directions from captured Breceq. advancing on St. Fois, five miles northeast, and also striking some miles southeast. Villedieu-les Poeles, 10 miles north, by-passed in the southward surge fell to the Yanks, and Am erican columns stabbed eastward in the direction of Paris. They were within a mile of JuVigny le Tertre, 15 miles east of Avranches, widen ing their coastal corridor, along which rolled columns of armor and supplies toward Brittany and pav ing the way for new snares for the Germans in Normandy. -V LITTLE DAMAGE SEEN IN ONSLOW JACKSONVILLE, Aug. 2.—UP)— Only minor damage resulted in Onslow county from gale-force winds and heavy rain which swept Hie county last night in the wake °f a hurricane which struck in the Wilmington area, a survey show ed today. Billy Arthur, Jacksonville news paperman. said that at Swansboro, on the coast, boats were torn loose ,rom their moorings and houses "ere flooded with water. In the vicinity of Jacksonville, ‘ ees were uprooted, a few tobac co barns were overturned, and sente crop damage was reported, Arthur said. A check of hospitals snowed no casualties. Old seacoast residents, Arthur <=id. asserted the wind blew hard er than at any time since 1S33. ■ _ -V “er«n Says Condition Of Rommel Satisfactory LONDON, Aug. 2. — (fl— Berlin •omitted tonight that Field Mar shal Gen. Erwin Rommel, sec ‘n command of German ar „‘Ies of the west had met with an accident” while driving in "ance during an air attack and ,as suffering from brain concus !;on', but said his condition was satisfactory” and ‘‘his life is not andangered.” This followed persistent reports r°m Allied sources that Adolf tin'8. favorite either was cri ,ca% injured or had died as the nsuit of a strafing attack on the Laen area July 17. -V JAPS GAIN IN HUNAN CHUNGKING, Aug. 2.— UH — ■•panese forces have made sharp °Uls in the easteri). sector of the l|nan province fighting, but at its'ff "*d Hengy®8- holding out in Pr f,h week of siege. 10 separate I attacks were thrown back, r* Ch nese high command an | 'mtcd tonight. Army Duck Rescues 7 From Isle An Army amphibious duck, the huge two and a half-ton land and water vehicle used by the Antiaircraft Artillery School for reclaiming targets shot down by ack-ack gunners at Gamp Davis, was credited yesterday with saving seven soldiers from Ft. Fisher from possible death by drowning during the peak of the gale that swept that section of the North Carolina coast Tuesday. The “duck”, driven by Pri vate William Dixon_ of F Bat tery, AAAS, was requested by Ft. Fisher authorities who were unable to get the seven marooned soldiers off Hogs head island located In the Cape Fear river. Private Dixon drove his duck into the towering waves and affected the rescue within a few minutes’ time. The quick action averted a possible trag edy, Ft. Fisher authorities de clared. CHURCHILL SEES EARLY WAR END LONDON, Aug. 2. — Uft— Prime Minister Churchill declared in a comprehensive review of the war today that “I fear greatly of rais ing false hopes, but I no longer feel bound to deny that victory may come perhaps soon.” With caution tempering his op timism, Churchill said that the latest news from the Allied beach head in France "seems to me ex tremely good,” that the Red army was “tearing the guts out of the German army,” and that “the in terval between the defeat of Hit ler and the defeat of Japan will be shorter—perhaps much shorter —than I had at one time suppos ed.” The war, he said, "approaches perhaps its closing stage.” Of the revolt of toe army gen erals in Germany, Churchill said that "potent as may be these manifestations of internal disease, decisive as even they may be one of these days, it is not in them that we should put our trust, but in our own strong arm and the justice of our cause.” Speaking for an hour and 40 min utes before a house of commons which laughed frequently at typi cal Churchillian barbs dug into the enemy, the prime minister de clared that he had “upon the whole a good report to make to the house this afternoon.” “On every battlefront all over the world,” he said, "the armies of Germany and Japan are re coiling. In the air, on the sea and under the sea, our well-estab lished supremacy increases with steady strides.” Churchill stressed particularly the American victories in the Paci fic, "opening to us toe prospect of a more—much more—speedy climax in toe war with Japan,” and the "splendid and soectacular victories” won by the Americans in France, who he said are now proceeding at "almost a gallop” in their southward plunge. -V Gen. WfrNair Killed By American Bomb WASHINGTON, Aug. 2. — (/P) — The explosion of a bomb dropped short of its target by an Ameri can plane killed Lt. Lesley J. Mc Nair, former commander of Ar my ground forces. “A full investigation,” the War department announced today, “developed the fact that General McNair died as a result of the ex plosion of one of our own bombs which fell short in the intensive aerial bombardment of enemy lines just preparatory to the present large scale American break - through in Normandy.” Red Armies Ma 0 DRIVE Warsaw As Other Nazi Troops Face Encirclement LONDON, Thursday, Aug. 3.—(IP)—The Third White Russian arr^y tonight thrust within eight miles of East Prussia’s pre-1939 border in the foremosa of twin drives aimed at the heart of the Junkers homeland. Other Soviet armies on the long thundering front tightened their violent siege of Warsaw, pushed a quadruple .annihilation drive against possibly 300,000 Germans isolated in Estonia and Latvia, and launched a new offensive in the south towards Krakow, Po land’s second city. The closest approach to East Prussia came with the capture of Dydvizhe in a steady advance westward. The fall of this town, which is eight miles southeast of the junction town of Schirwindt on the frontier, was confirmed by the Soviet radio monitor’s recep tion of the Moscow midnight com iiiuiiiquc. The broadcast as heard earlier in London had listed the town of Vistytis, which is directly on the East Prussian border, as among the towns captured, but this was not confirmed in subsequent broad casts. The Russians further solidified their positions threatening East Prussia by capturing the railway station of Vilkaviskis, nine miles from the border, and the city of Vilkaviskis, two miles farther dis tant. Konigsberg, East Prussia’s prin cipal city, lay 96 miles due west. The Soviet midnight communi que, which disclosed the advance, also reported a Red army spear head driving 40 miles due north from captured Kaunas and another north of Daugavpils (Dvinsk), fur ther squeezing the Germans iso lated in the north Baltic area, and told of a break-through on the southern Polish front west of Jaroslaw in a new push towards Krakow. The Russian war bulletin did not mention directly either the fiery siege of Warsaw Or the progress nf the great Baltic entrapment 3f up to 300,000 Germans in Es tonia and northeast Latvia. German acknowledgements and 3ther sources made it clear, how ever, that four Russian armies methodically were proceeding with Jrives on Riga and the slicing up 3f the two isolated armies, while Polish patriots rose inside War saw to aid the Soviet and Polish troops prosecuting the all-out bat tle along a 20-mile suburban arc of the capital. -V bight-Seers Warned To Keep Off Beaches Bruce Valentine, chief of police at Carolina Beach, issued a warn ing yesterday to all sight-seers to stay away from the beach, and said that all persons entering the beach would be required to have a pass proving residence on the beach. Valentine said sight-seers and curiosity seekers hindered clean up work by causing unnecessary congestion and confusion. Possibili ty of looting was another factor in volved. Luther T. Rogers of the Wrights ville Beach City Council said that admission to Wrightsville would be granted only to those who are re sidents of the beach. The council there also warned sight-seers to stay away. Turkey Breaks With Nazis ANKARA, Turkey, Aug. 2.— (ff)—Turkey broke her diploma tic and economic relations with Germany today at the re quest of Great Britain, backed by American diplomacy, but she clung to the hope of avoid* ing actual warfare. The Nazi reaction to the break was quickly apparent in a Berlin dispatch from the of ficial German news agency PNB which said the action in itiated a policy the “conseq uences of which, if Turkey should continue along this dan gerous road are net very diffi cult to see. War with Germany will of necessity follow.” (“The decision taken today can only be called a new step along a very dangerous phase of Turkish policy,” Berlin said.) Prime Minister Sukru Sara ooglu announced the govern ment’s decision with his re quest for grand national as sembly approval. Most depu ties, like the prime minister, had been up almost all night at a caucas of the people’s re publican party—Turkey’s only political party—where the mat ter finally was thrashed out. Quick assembly ratification was expected for the solid body blow to German prestige—par ticularly in the neighboring Balkans, where the Nazis are struggling hard to keep their grip on their satellites. Anti-aircraft guns moved through the streets of Ankara today—directly past the assem bly house—and throughout the nation Turkey was girding her self for war. One measure of Turkish det ermination to be prepared in dicated .in a report that in Is tanbul police rounded up more I i than 100 tier mans considered dangerous and put them under observation until they could leave. They may be aboasd the first special train of German evacuees scheduled to leave Istanbul tonight. The Turks hope their action will not bring war upon Turkey. At least for the time being they do not tfrish to go farther than the evacuation of Germany’s diplomatic and consular and secret service from Turkey and the halting of all trade, with Germany. Saracoglu explained that whe ther or not the rupture is con verted into war lies at the mo ment entirely in the hands of the Germans. Turkey will de fend herself against any at tacks BEACH RESIDENTS RETURN TO HOMES ►> AFTER 60-MILE-AN-HOUR HURRICANE f CAUSES ESTIMATED $2,COO,000 LOSS Marines Take Cover After Hitting Beach At Guam V: S. Marines take advantage of natural cover as they hit the beach near Asan, Guam, in the Marianas, as American forces landed in a drive to regain tlie V. S. posessions. Note the Marine running and th; smoke from a burning “duck.” The Guam fighting begun July SO, haa passed its worst stage. Photo by AP Photographer Joseph Rosen thal on assignment with the Wartime Still Picture Pool. (AP photo). SENATOR CLARK SUFFERS DEFEAT IT. LOUIS, Aug- 2. — UP) —Se nator Bennett Champ Clark, con ceding defeat for Democratic re nomination at yesterday’s primary said in a prepared statement to day it “represents a notable tem porary triumph for the communist :ontrolled C. I. O. in its efforts to take control of the Democratic party.” Roy McKittrick, three-term attor ney general of Missouri, was lead ng for the nomination by about 18.000 votes on nearly complete returns when Clark issued a state ment saying: “No man should ever offer himself for a political office unless he is prepared to stand on his record and accept defeat if it should come to him.” McKittrick had sharply chal lenged Clark’s record in the se nate, saying it had stamped him as an “isolationist.” NEW YORK, Aug. 2.—UP)— Rep. Hamilton Fish, whose Democratic opponent in November will be the man he beat in yesterday’s Repub lican primary, bid for Democratic support himself today by announc ing he also would run on an indi pendent “Jeffersonian ticket.” -V German Oil Resources Smashed From Two Ways LONDON ,Aug', 2.—(if)—More than 1.000 U. S. heavy bombers from Italy and Britain made a two-way smash at German oil resources and flying bomb installations in France today, and struck heavily at transport facilities to thwart the enemy in bringing up reinforce ments for his sagging front lines. Germans Reported Leaving^ Finland STOCKHOLM, Aug. 2.—(/P)—Evacuation of German troops from Finland to Estonia was reported tonight and 1 reliable advices said that Finland's new president, Marshal Baron Carl Gustaf Mannerheim, had received advance as surance from Russia that the Kremlin would consider an application for an armistice which would guarantee tiny Finland’s independence. (A Reuters’ dispatch received in ★----: London from Stockholm said it I was reliably reported that the 1 change in presidents in Finland I was preceded by a Finnish-German agreement in Berlin consenting to a separate Finnish peace with Rus sia and a Nazi promise to evacu ate German troops at least from southern Finland.) An authoritative report said the Germans were evacuating an in fantry division sent to the Kare lian front last June as their part of Nazi Foreign Minister Von Rib bentrop’s bargain to keep Finland in the war with Russia. This ■ division plus a Panzer *bri gade were all that Finland got in the way of military assistance, ac cording to competent military ir cles here, and of these only Ihe Panzer brigade actually was sent to the active southern front. Another report said at least one division of German troops long stationed in northern Finland also had been sent to Estonia, suggest ing strongly that the Nazis may be in process of abandoning all of Finland as a result of Manner heirn's replacement of Risto Ryti as president. Ryti had pledged the j country to full military partner-' ship with the Germans.. Meanwhile, Finnish political groups discussed formation of a ne)v cabinet,, upon the character j of w-hich informed source* believe: hangs Finland's hope for peace with Russia. WATER SITUATION ACUTE AT BEACH Dr. A. H. Elliot, city-county health officer, yesterday asked that all Carplina Beach resident use water as sparingly as possible to day and tonight, until the pres sure can be increased. .Electric current was off until late yesterday and an auxiliary gasoline pump, which was cap able of pumping only 140 gallons a minute,-was put into use. Mayor A. -P. Peay of Carolina Beach advised all resident to boil drinking water for the next few days, because of possible breaks in mains. ' / _.—V— §UN FOR DEWEY BALTIMORE, Aug. 2.—WPi—The Baltimore SUn (Ind.-Dec.) will an nounce "tomorrow its support of Thomas . E. Dewey for, the presi dency—the third time in its 107 year history that the newspaper has backed a Republican nominee SENATE GROUP SPEEDS WORK WASHINGTON, Aug. 2.— W) — rhe unemployment compensation phase of postwar reconversion got 3 congressional head start on oth er parts of the problem today with Senate finance committee approv al of a bill to bring 2,000 000 fed eral employes under the .benefit pi’Ogram while leaving full con trol of rates and standards to the states. Emphasizing the pressure on the issue, senators who had expected weeks more at home were called back to take it up next Tuesday. The committee acted in an ex-1 ecutive session less than 24 hours after the bill was introduced by its chairman. Senator George (D Sa). Thus advocates of the “states rights” policy of caring for dis charged war workers stole a march on supporters of rival bills under which Congress would fix uniform scales of benefi's sub stantially higher than existing state rates The latter bills, are due fo come. up tomorrow before the Senate Military Affairs Committee and may also be speedily sent to the floor where a hot controversy is certain. FEDERAL BUDGET NOW 90 BILLION WASHINGTON, Aug. 2. — (£>) - Gearing his figures to the assump tion. of a German collapse befori next June 30, but a longer conflic with Japan, Budget Director Ha roll D. Smith today estimated wa spending during the current fisca year will be about $90 000.000,000 Smith described the estimate a “highly tentative’’ because of thi assumptions with respect to th course of the war. “If victory in Europe should bi delayed, the production of munitiot will be stepped up to whateve: may be needed,” he said. “If German resistance shoulc collapse earlier than assumed, ex penditures for the current fisca year may be somewhat below thi $90,000,000,000 estimate Smith pointed out that the eni of hostilities in Europe would per mit a cutback in war contracts but cautioned that the casii outgi world decline cnlv with a eonsid enable t;me lag For example, hi said, expenditures for pay and sub sistence. including mustering- ou pay. would remain at a high leve all through the fiscal year (July 1 1944-June 30, 1945K The new war spending estimate contained in a statement revisini the budget estimates of Januar; IP. is little changed from the for mer one, although var;cus adjust ments have been made. ---V HEADQUARTERS TO OPEN NEW YORK. Aug. 2. — UP) -Thi Democratic National committei v :ii onen its headquarters for thi election campaign here next week publicity Director Paul Porter saic today. Dies Threatens Action On Political Committee WASHINGTON, Aug. W> —Rep. Dies (D-Tex) today threatened to seek house ac tion unless the Justice depart ment within 30 days files charges of election law viola tions against the CIO Politi cal Action Committee and government officials he says are aiding it. Attorney General Biddle, in response to requests from Con gress members, has looked into the CIO group’s activities previously and reported he found no evidence it was vio lating any laws. • The Texan, chairman of the House committee on un-Amer ican activities, said he Would make these two formal recom mendations to Biddle: (1) That he prosecute, under the Hatch act, government of ficials who hare been active in the PAC program. (The Hatch act restrict* poli tical activity by government of ficials. The Dies committee re ported recently that frequent telephone calls were made to various government officials from the PAC’s New York headquarters.) (2) That he prosecute the CIO Political Action Committee un der the Smith-Connally act’s prohibition against labor or ganizations contributing to campaign funds in elections in volving federal office holders. CAROLINA EADS CASUAJY UST $1,000,000 Damage Done; WrightsviHe And City Report $500,000 Beach residents returned to their water-swept homes yesterday in the wake of a 60-mile-an-hour windstorm which struck Wilmington and its adjoining beach resorts Tuesday night and caused an estimated $2,000,000 dam age. No deaths were report ed following the evacuation of approximately 10,000 per sons. Frst removal of vacationers from nearby wave - tossed Wrightsville, Carolina, Kure's, Wilmington and Fort Fisher beaches prevented loss of life. Army, Civilian Defense,' State highway patrol and bus com panies handled the transportation to the mainland. Lt. A. T. Moore, a state highway patrolman, said approx mately 10,000 persons were brought off the beaches. Many trees and small shacks were blown down along with sev eral piers, boardwalks were uproot ed. concession stands were leveled and a number of houses were un roofed, but chief damage apparent ly was done by high water which rose to second - story level in many homes. Waves 40 feet high hit most of the beaches. The storm, which raged in Wil mington between 6 and 10 p.m., passed inland into the swamps of eastern North Carolina and on into coastal Virginia before spending it self. No reports of major damage came from other towns. However, heavy rains and wind* were report pH in manv towns I Ten persons wer« hospitalized ’ in Wilmington. : The biggest property loss was at ' Carolina Beach, a dozen miles . south ot here, where Police Chief j Bruce Valentine estimated damage at $1,000,000. R. L. Benson, city I clerk, said damage at Wrightsville Beach would approximate $500, 000. It was estimated that damage within the city W'ould reach $500, 000. No estimates were available from other coastal towns and beaches, including Southport, 25 , miles south, where fish houses and docks were destroyed and several 1 houses unroofed. Police held up traffic to the beaches until sufficient officers were on hand to prevent looting. Heavy rains and strong winds were reported from many towns. * In Goldsboro, 3.49 inches of rain, mixed with hail, fell in nine hours. Many trees and power lines in the I Goldsboro region were blown down. Reports from Goldsboro and Wil son indicated considerable crop ' damage, particularly to tobacco. Southport was without power fa 1 cilities all night. The fish houses ■ and docks of S. A. Davis and Bros. : was wrecked and also the fish I house and dock of W. C. Wells and Bros. The R. L. Thompson oil dock was swept away. The tower of the Cape Fear Pilots associa ; tion was wrecked. Some fishing ■ boats were sunk. Housing and feeding of the thou sands of evacuees presented Wil mington a problem Tuesday night. The city, already jammed with war time shiyara workers and va cationers, was hard put to accom modate the refugees Some wer» taken to Camp Davis, nearby anii aircraft training center. Immediate steps are being taken by lumber firms to attain release (Continued on Page Five; Col. 4) WHITEVILLE AIDS STORM REFUGEES WHITEVILLE, Aug. 2— White ville was jammed with refugees I from -storm ridden beaches last night with all available hotel and rooming house facilities packed and some reported sleeping in their cars. They began arriving late yes terday afternoon here. Most of th* refugees were from Wrightsville, Carolina and Holden beaches but some came from Wilmington. With the power system out from early in the evening until four o’clock this morning, considerable difficul ty was found in taking care of th* situation. Heavy winds gained in strength here until about 8:30 and then sub- i sided quickly. There was no pro perty damage reported in White ville but crops in the county suf- < fered heavily.