Newspaper Page Text
Nortn Carolina's Oldest Daily Newspaper Published Daily Except Sunday By The Wilmington Star-News S. B Page, Owner and Publisher Entered as Second Class Matter at Wilming ' ton. N. C.. Postoffice Under Act of Congress of March 3. 187ft. SUBSCRIPTION RATES BY CARRIER IN NEW HANOVER COUNTY Payable Weekly or In Advance Combi Time Star News nation 1 Week .. _$ .30 I 25 $ .50 l Month_ 1.30 1.10 2.15 I Months_ 3.90 3.25 6.50 I Months_ 7.80 6.50 13.00 1 Year ..... ......... 10 00 8.00 15.40 News rates entitle subscriber to Sunday Issue of Star-News_ ' BY MAIL Payable Strictly in Advance 8 Months .$ 2.50 $ 2.00 $ 3.85 6 Months _ 5.00 4.00 7.70 X Year ___ 10.00 8.00 15.40 (News rates entitle subscriber to Sunday tssu of Star-News) When remitting by mail please use check » or U. S. P. O. money order. The Star-New* cannot be respot sible for currency sent through the mail*._ MEMBER THE ASSOCIATED PRBS8 With otinfScience In ear armed forces srith the nnboanding determination of ear people — we will gain the fceritable triumph — so kelp ns God. —Roosevelt’s War Message. TUESDAY, AUGUST 8, 1944 Our Chief Aim To aid in every way the prosecation of the war to complete Victory. a THOUGHT FOR TODAY There seemed no special reason Why I should sing that day The clouds were dark and leaden The skies were dull and gray I needed cheering up myself And yet I sang, That’s why I sang I'm glad I sang, I’ll sing again today! Sarah Agnes Upham. -V “Keep Going!” An overseas correspondent of the New York Sun writes of an American outfit in Normandy which sent this message back to its com mander: “W« have reached" our objective. What next?” ‘‘To hell with objectives,” the commanding officer replied. "Keep going!” The officer's name is not given. But he may well have coined a slogan that will be as enduring as "Damn the torpedoes—full speed ahead!”or "Don’t give up the ship.” Perhaps he didn’t have military logic on his side. Even the rankest amateur strategist can see that such an order might achieve chaotic results. But he certainly had the right idea. And the officer issued the order at the right time to give both military and civilian spirits a shot in the arm. Rightly or wrongly, people had been wondering about the Allied offensive in France. They had been wondering about correspondents’ stories that the Paris time I table was weeks behind schedule, and that caution had become a vice with the Allied I command. They contrasted our slow progress 1 with the Russian powerhouse advance. Then the tanks started rolling in Normandy, and the enemy lines began to buckle. The in lamry was uu uie muvc, again measuring 115 • daily progress in miles. And «n anonymous officer told his men, "To hell with objectives— " keep going!” The words and the spirit are typically Amer ican. Perhaps we’ve read and heard too much 1 about the weariness and homesickness of our troops. They are both, of course. They don’t like war. They haven’t been brought up on fanatical tales of the glory of dying for an emperor or a fuehrer. But when fighting has to be done they do it, and do it well. Ameri cans have always been like that. We have good j reason to be proud that we’ve never been ;j licked in a war. "To hell with objectives—keep going!” I That’s a sound sentiment for us at home to keep in mind, too. None of us has time to I stop and watch to see when Germany is going i to topple, and in what direction. 5s If the enemy is off balance and groggy with c inner dissension, that’s the time to keep going j and hit harder—here in America as well as I in France, Italy and the Pacific. -v Safety Valve — The new Japanese cabinet has proposed I greater freedom of expression for the people j| as a means of raising moral and increasing I production. This not only suggests that the H Japs back home are not what you might call P fanatically enthusiastic about the war, but ? also illustrates one of the troubles inherent in J a wartime dictatorship. > It has been said that a dictatorship is the neatest and most efficient sort of government tl to prosecute a war. This is true in a limited !i sense. Decisions must be made quickly, deci | sions affecting the lives of millions which leave i no time for democratic debate. President 1 Roosevelt has what by peace-time American I standards are dictatorial powers. So did Lin | coin. But a true dictatorship, like Germany’s | and Japan’s and Mussolini’s, is neat and ef t ficient only for a short and victorious war. I When war drags on and things go bad, the | people grumble. Without free speech they have * no safety valve. So Japan belatedly is being (forced to provide one. Proably Hitler won’t. But it is not likely that even his Gestapo cart -contain the German people's discontent mucfc lo&er. ii Chance For Lasting Peace The two most pressing domestic problems after the war will be jobs and taxes. And they both hinge on the profitable operation of pri vate industry. That raises the question, Where will our industries find their markets? In the future, with air transportation shrink ing the globe to little more than a 24-hour trip to any point, our markets must be world wide. Therefore, we must have a foreign trade policy that will enable us to sell, as well as buy from our neighbors. Recoginizing this con dition, the statement of the newly organized Committee on International and Economic Pol icy of which Winthrop W. Aldrich is chairman, calls for a multilateral trade agreement for the United Nations, creating an international economic charter to define the rights of trad ers and investors in foreign countries. It en dorses unconditional most - favored - nation treatment, rejects regional preferential agree ments and exchange restrictions and states that if governments strengthen their policies of production and restriction to achieve se curity “in a contracting world economy , . . . the end of that road is a third world war.” On this statement of fundamentals, Harry D. Gideonse, President of Brooklyn college, says: “This is an excellent doctrine, elementary free enterprise economics and sound political thinking. The repudiation of the trade agree ments program at this juncture would be a national tragedy. After the war, there will be a crying aemana ior America s mass proauc tion goods and farm products from every country in the world. If we maintain a liberal policy regarding imports, this demand can create thousands of postwar jobs in this coun try, utilizing industrial and agricultural capa city which otherwise would be idle. “But to export, we must be willing to im port. Hence, the renewal of the trade agree ments program is essential for maintenance of employment and business activity at a high leVel after the war. Moreover, in the Atlantic Charter, the United States is pledged to the long-run principle that all nations, great and small, should have access on equal terms to the trade and raw materials of the world. “Every country, therefore, if it wishes to promote the expansion of world trade, which is a fundamental condition for the establish ment of a durable peace, must show greater willingness to accept the goods of other coun tries. In other words, the lowering of tarriffs under the leadership of the great trading na tions, is all essential means of realizing the program of economic and political cooperation endorsed by the United Nations.” -v Polio Ban The sound decision of the Board of Health’s Emergency committee to prohibit all gather ings of children in New Hanover county be cause of the spread of infantile paralysis not only deserves but must have the wholehearted support of every parent if it is to be successful in its purpose. Effective immediately, the ban was ordered yesterday because of an additional case of polio — the fourth — here and two suspected cases. ‘‘We are asking for complete cooperation of parents and young children in forbidding all gatherings. Forbidden are picnics, street games, church gatherings, swimming pool par ties, theater-going, operation of any day nur series, home and playground parties,” Dr. A. H. Elliot said in announcing the restrictions. Because the dreaded disease is apparently turning eastward after raging all summer in the state’s Piedmont section, the least any parent can do is to observe the Health Depart ment’s order to the very letter. The simple rule of keeping their children at home should be enforced by every father and mother. The step taken here is a part of the war against a terrible, crippling enemy. It is a small but highly important action in a fight against a mysterious force for which there is no specific weapon. It is a fight in the dark against a foe that is still largely unknown. For the benefit of parents of small children —the restrictions here apply to all under 15 years of age—the Health department recently made available recommendations prepared by a group of state health officers and authorities from the National Foundation of Infantile Pa ralysis. Everyone is urged, to follow as closely as possible, these suggestions regarding the diese and it curb. These recommendations, in the form ef a resolution passed last month, follow: “Any program limiting the number of con tacts of people of susceptible age groups in areas where there are outbreaks of infantile paralysis should be encouraged by every pos sible means. In rural areas where infantile paralysis is present or in communities adja cent thereto the opening of schools would defi nitely increase the amount^of contact between children; therefore, should be delayed. How ever, there is no point in closing schools and allowing children to congregate elsewhere: at picnics, on the streets, churches, swimming pools, theatres, day nurseries, homes and play grounds. “The improper disposal of human excreta may be an Important factor in the spread of infantile paralysis, since the virus which cau ses this disease is known to be present in sewage. Where approved sewerage systems do not exist, excreta should be disposed of only in fly-proof places or in a manner approved by local or state health authorities. “Increased attention should be called to the hygiene in the home. Food should be prepared and handled in a manner to prevent contami nation by flies or other insects, and from all other sources of human excreta. Homes should be screened against flies, since in certain in stances flies have been known to carry the virus of infantile paralysis. “During outbreaks of infantile paralysis chil dren should be kept from indulging in exercise that will produce exhaustion or an undue amount of fatigue, since this has been shown in many instances to be a contributing factor in development of a more serious form of the disease. “Removal of tonsils and adenoids during an epidemic or during the infantile paralysis sea son is contraindicated and should be discourag ed in all but exceptional cases. “Medical care early in the course of the disease is important in assuring a maximum degree of recovery. Adequate treatment, in cluding medical care, nursing and physical therapy can best be given in properly equipp'ed hospital. To assure the best medical care it is necessary to have correct diagnosis establish ed as early as possible. All who show signs of illness which is suspected of being infantile paralyis should be kept isolated and kept at absolute rest until they can be seen by a phy sician and a correct diagnosis made. The fam ily should in every way cooperate with the health authoritie* in carrying out the rules and quarantine. “Since as yet there is no vaccine or serum that will prevent infantile paralysis, full co operation in carrying out these recommenda tion* offers the best protection for everyone.’’ Fair Enough »— ■ —-■ — (Kditor’t N«(c.—Th« Star and the News aeeept no responsibility far the personal views of Mr. Fufler, and often disafrea with them as much as many of his readers. His articles serve the food purpose of makinf people think. By WESTBROOK PEGLER ST. LOUIS, Aug. 7—Although the 26 Repub lican governors tactfully set the date for open ing their unique political conference in St. Louis one day after the Missouri primary, the results have been such that their three days of deliberation have been a period of poignant embarrassment to statesmen of President Roosevelt’s party of humanity and of restrain ed exultation for the guests. Tom Dewey spent Tuesday, primary day, in Springfield, 111., while others of the 26 either held themselves quietly incognito in St. Louis or put in the day traveling. Meanwhile, the citizens of Missouri were going to the polls and the governors’ congress opened Wednes day amid a scene of some confusion and sounds of recrimination. For, on the Democratic side, Bennett Champ Clark, Missouri’s senior senator and the col league, personal friend and political choice of Senator Harry Truman, the nominee for vice president, was beaten badly for renomination by Roy McKittrick, the state attorney general, who had the export of Sidney Hillman’s Polit ical Action cawimittee of the CIO—communist front in New Yark. Senator Clark was, so to speak, the regular democratic candidate, for he had the friendship and indorsement of Rob ert C. Hannegan, chairman of the Democratic National committee. Yet Clark’s defeat was made certain in St. Louis, where he ran more than 17,000 behind McKittrick. St. Louis is Hannegan's own home town. PAC and FSA Hillman’s local agency was diligent here, expecially among the workers in the war in dustries many of whom, of course, are relative strangers in town, but active in the rural re gions as well. Hillman’s assistant in the New York headauarters of the Political Action Com mittee is C. B. Baldwin, who lef tthe chair manship of the Farm Security administration in Washington to help the CIO in the national subordinates in that powerful agency. The Dies committee, recently through seizure of long distance telephone slips in New York, was en abled to report that Baldwin’s New York po liTtial center had made a number of calls to FSA Regional offices where the CIO was fight ing to defeat for renomination senators and congressmen whom it condemned for exces sive Americanism. Among them was a call to the FSA in Springfield, Mo. Clark’s defeat has created real bitterness among the Democrats of Missouri and, in view of his indorsement by Truman and Hannegan, plainly is a defeat for the two regular Demo crats of the party who rank next to President Roosevelt. It was noted at the Chicago conven tion that Hillman, by his use of the taxing power over labor, conferred on him by the president, had become Hannegan’s equal, if not his superior in the party, although he holds no party position. Now by remote control he has humiliated Truman and Hannegan, who recently blocked his attempt to dictate the re nomination of Henry Wallace. The CIO modestly disowns credit for Clark’s frustration but, in reality, is mildly alarmed by its own success and trying to escape blame for a turn which may arouse regret among some who voted against Clark and anger among those who voted for him. For, while McKittrick, too, is a Missourian, he is not popular in the picturesque and sentimental sense, and the successful intervention in Mis souri of an outside pressure group on his be half will not endear him. Clark frankly denounced the CIO as a group controlled by communists in a bitter statement accepting defeat but put his faith in the future. Other matters may have contributed to his fall but the CIO undoubtedly made the de cision. The Republicans are thus greatly heartened and expect to win Missouri in the fall, de feating Truman in his home state. Their can didate for senator is Forrest C. Donnell, the present governor. Hannegan and McKittrick Uieu LVJ nccp mill -- -- elected and did prevent his inauguration for two month. Now they are divided and Don nell meets the CIO’s candidate head-on in an election in which their own Bennett Clark warns the state that a vote for McKittrick will be a vote for Hillman and communism. SO THEY SAY We are rolling ahead so fast now that we are catching German staff cars and messeng ers on the roads they still think we are miles away from.—Lieut. Robert Benish in Norman dy. Some new weapons are in state of trial. When recently I saw some modern German weapons my heart did not beat faster, but stood still for a moment. I am not boasting or bluffine.—Goebbels. HE1L HITLER! } * WELL,BOSS, IVE /NS?fGATED SEVERAL STRIKES AND EXPECT TO START SOME RACE RIOTS. IF WE can't beat them in BATTLE WE CAN CONQUER THEM THIS way: The fools/* i TS 51 With Ernie Pyle I _ WITH ERNIE PYLE IN NORMANDY —by wireless) —The great attack, when we broke out of the Normandy beachhead, began in the bright light of mid day, not at the zero hour of a bleak and mysterious dawn as at tacks are supposed to start in books. The attack had been delayed from day to day because of poor flying weather, and on the final day we hadn’t known for sure till after breakfast whether it was on or off again. When the word came that it was on, the various battalion staffs of our regimen twere called in from their command posts for a final review of the battle plan. Each one was given a mimeo graphed sketch of the frontline area, showing exactly where and when each type bomber was to hammer the German lines ahead of them. Another memographed pag ewas filled with specific orders for the grand attack to follow. Officers stood or squatted in a circle in a little apple orchard be hind a ramshackle stone farmhouse of a poor French family who had left before us. The stonewall in the front yard had been knocked down by shelling, and through the or chards there were shell craters and tree limbs knocked off and trunks | sliced by bullets. Some enlisted ' men sleeping the night before in the attic of the house get the shock of their lives when the thin floor collapsed and they fell down into the cowshed below. v^mLACua duu liUiie idUUUS S111X scampered around the farmyard, i Dead cows lay all around in the fields. The regimental colonel stood in the center of the officers and went over the orders in detail. Battalion commanders took down notes in little books. The colonel said, ‘Ernie Pyle is with the regiment for this attack and will be with one of the battal ions, so you'll be seeing him. The officers looked at me and smiled and I felt embar vssed. Then Maj. Gen. Raymond O. Bar ton, Fourth Division Commander, arrived. The Colonel called, ‘‘At J tention-” and everybody stood rigid until the general gave them, "Car ry on.’’ An enlisted n\ n ran to the mess truck and got a folding canvas stool for the general to sit on. He sat listening intently while the colonel wound up his instructions. Then the general stepped into the center of the circle. He stood at a slouch on one foot with the other leg far up like a brace. He looked all around him as he talked. He *_. tt . • i . . I ——- * iic saiu auineining like this “This is one of the finest regi ments in the American Army. It was the last regiment out of France in the last war. It was the first regiment into France in this war. It has spearheaded every one of the division’s attacks in Normandy. It will spearhaed this one. For many years this was my regiment and I fee' very close to you, and very proud.’’ The general’s lined face was a study in emotion. Sincerity and deep sentiment were in every con tuor and they shone from his eyes General Barton is a man of deep affections. The tragedy of war, both personal and impersonal hurts him. At the end his voice almost broke, and I for one had a lump in my throat. He ended: “That’s all. God bless you and good luck.” Then we broke up and I went with one of the battalion comman ders. Word was passed down by field phone, radio and liaison men to the very smallest unit of troops that the attack was on. There was still an hour before the bombers, and three houses be fore the infantry were to move Thre was nothing for me infantry to do but dig a little deeper and wait. A cessation of motion seemed , to come over the IJ all its brown - clad inhabitants snese of last minute sitting in si lence before* the holocaust. The first planes of the mass on slaught came over a little before 10 a.m. They were the fighters and dvie bombers. The main road run ning crosswise in front of us was iheir bomb line .They were to bomb anly on the far side of that road. Our kickoff infantry had been pulled back a few hundred yards this side of the road. Everyone in the area had been given the srtict est orders to be in foxholes, for high-lvel bombers can, and do quite excusably, make mistakes. We were still in country so level and with hedgerows so tall there simply was no high spot—either hill or building—from where you could get a grandstand view of the bombing as we used to in Sicily and Italy. So one place was as good as another unless you went right up and sat on the bomb line. Having been caught too close to these things before, I compromised and picked a farmyard about 800 yards back of the kickoff line. And before the next two hours had passed I would have given every penny, every desire, every hope I’ve ever had to have been just another 800 yards further back. AMERICAN MADE DINNERWARE I COMPLETE SERVICE FOR SIX is—CUPS 6—SAUCERS 6—BREAKFAST PLATES 6—BOWLS 1—BOWL 1—PLATTER Complete dining set for party of six—good looking domestic whiteware. Ideal fr hotels, res taurant and beach cottages. Will give long service. 112-Piece TABLE WARE SET p Service | For Six f $090 i 5 Plated steel I ware with at * tractive rod handles—1 I knives and forks. METAL CLAMP WET MOP HANDLE 19c Prewar Quality and manufacture The very thing we’ve had many many calls for in the last few months. Colorful BOWL SET j $|19 | 5 Pc. Colored bowl set ! 5 in. caramel 6 in. ivory 7 in. green 8 in. chestnu' 9 in. brown I 307 No^ Front St._Wilmington, N. C. Dial 6626 j Daily Prayer FOR PLODDING DAYS Day after day returns, each filled with the routine of life, often humdrum and drear.y; and we look to Thee, our Father in Heaven, to reveal to us the hidcwn glory of this commonplace life. We know that Thou art doing wondrous things in our time; and we pray that we may be sensible of the part Thou has assigned to us. Teach us how vital to victory in this war is the on - going in the plodding days of the plain people. Upon our faithfulness all the activi ties of our armed forces depend. So we pleev’ for a fresh and living sense of the worth of daily duties, better done than ever. May every task be lightened by devotion and tinged with sacrifice. Help us to do the common things in an uncom mon spirit of consecration to our Country and to Thee. So in peace of spirit, ’ and in utter faith in Thy purposes, would we glorify our dai ly living. Amen.W. T. E. -V GETS PURPLE HEART ' NEW BERN, Aug. 7. — Pvt. El den A. Hagood, son of Mr. and Mrs. H. I. Hagood, who sustained a nose wound in the Normandy in vasion, has received the Purple Heart award. He expects to be in the hospital for nine more weeks. 25 Yea7s~Ag0~ Today (FROM THE FILE1! OF THE STAR-NEWS) August 8. 1944 Mrs. Lily and Charles B nele, Mrs. Sarah ans Miss j-f Post are spending a period in B i :imore with friends. They Wlll - sr visit Atlantic City and v ii plore portions of the Caskm „ tains before returning ta lomes here. le:r NEW YORK. Twenty - five th sand soldiers and Marines 0( nT neroic second division came , New York today for their fareJ! I ’ parade up Fifth Avenue Fv» 1 branch of the service is rJy I sented in the division. About an I Marines were assigned to ohZ I of honor in the small grandstand 1 in front of the public library 7 ft jor General Lejeune, United State" I Marine Corps, commanding the d* 1 vision, was asked to ride “Gener I al” the pride of the New York no! 1 lice department stables, at th 1 head of the parade. 1 LETTER BOX I EXPRESSES APPRECIATION 1 To the Editor: 1 The Wilmington Civitan club 1 wishes to express its appreciation R for the splendid work done by th* R Armed forces and other organize I tions in evacuating the nearby R beaches in the recent emergency. I They are undoubtedly respond! R ble for saving countless lives by | their prompt and forceful action in I the face of a storm which, even I as it struck, many refused to be- I lieve could be as dangerous as the I warnings indicated. I These men and women served I without regard for their own per sonal safety and comfort and our community shall ever be indebt ed to them. J. S. Stanley, Jr., Secretary Wilmington. N. C.p Aug. 6, 1944. ___ t- ■ Buy Eight O'clock, mild and met. low or Red Circle, rich and full bodied or Rokor, vigorous Swine/ ...at your friendly ARP Store.