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Wilmington &tar North Carolina's Oldest Daily Newspaper Published Daily Except Sunday By The Wilmington Star-News X. B. Page. Owner and Publisher Entered as Second Class Matter at Wilming i ton N. C.. Postoffice Under Act of Congress of March 3. 1876.__ 1 " SUBSCRIPTION RATES BY CARRIER IN NEW HANOVER COUNTY Payable Weekly or In Advance Combl Time Star News nation 1 Wppk __ % .30 $ .25 $ .50 : \ Month*:..:::—.1.30 uo 3 Months _ 3.90 3.25 6.50 6 Months- 7.80 6.50 13 00 1 Year _ _ 10,00 8.00 15.40 News rates entitle subscriber to Sunday Issue of Star-News _ - BY MAIL Payable Strictly in Advance 8 Months -$ 2.50 $ 2.00 $ 3.85 6 Months- 5.00 4.00 7.70 1 Year _ 10.00 8.00 15.40 (News rates entitle subscriber to Sunday issu' of Star-News) When remitting by mail please use check er TJ. S. P. O. money order. The Star-News cannot be responsible for currency sent through the mails. MEMBER THE ASSOCIATED PRESS With oonfldence in oar armed forces— with the nnbounding determination of car people — we will gain the taevltable triumph — so help ns God. —Roosevelt’s War Message. WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 9, 1944 Our Chief Aim I To aid in every way the prosecution of the war to complete Victory.___ TOP ’O THE MORNING In prayer, "ask.” All can ask; none could deserve. —W. S. HIRST. -v A Fake Bombing? It has been suggested by the German journa list Curt Riess in his recent series of articles, “The Corporal vs. the Generals,” that the I July 21 attempt on Hitler’s life was a frame up. The suggestion makes excellent sense, and to review accounts of the event only strength ens its logic. Perhaps the best evidence of fakery is in • the “scene of the crime,” as revealed by a Nazi photograph. The room where the bomb exploded is demolished. Beams hang from the blasted ceiling, furniture is blown to bits, win dows are out, doors off their hingse. It is inconceivable, in this setting of utter destruc tion where others were killed and wounded, that Hitler should have suffered only minor bruises and bums, and maybe a compound multiple fracture of the seat of his pants. And where was Hitler’s bodyguard? (There’s i nothing phony about that, at least.) Did the alleged bomber, Col. Count Klaus von Stauf fenberg, sneak by the Gestapo, remove papers from his bomb - loaded briefcase, then casual ly put it in such an unlikely spot as under '■ Hitler’s desk? Did he then leave with no fear | that someone would come running and shout | ing, “Hey, Herr Graf, you forgot your brief II | idence would protect him as well as Hitler fl from the bomb? |f It doesn’t make sense. As Mr. Riess says, “German generals, no matter how brutal and ruthless they are, do not plant bombs. . . .It I would have been too simple for one of them. . . to shoot him.’’ 1 How about the revolt that was to follow .1 the assassination? The plotters moved too slowly and, as Mr. Riess points out, the Gesta po moved too fast. According to the Nazi ac i count, the plotters made no first attempt to ji seize a radio station. Rather, they went after a: fanatically Nazi battalion of guards in Ber lin. And if the Gestapo was caught flat-footed as we are supposed to believe, how did they happen to head first for long - retired General Bjeck, and kill him within 10 hours? :There comes a time when there is no one left to purge except those who will weaken | yourself. That time has come for Hitler. His I best generals are now gone—those who might i have managed his last retreats with a sem blance of order and a saving of lives. t Instead, Hitler and the Nazis will surely end ihe war in an orgy of blind bloody fury—costly m to their enemies, surely, but costly also to them | to men and in the growing, righteous ven I seance of an infuriated Eurnm» -V How Do We Stand? I - !,; With all the contradiction going on today, it’s f: most surprising to pick up the paper and read | • that we’re winning the war. Who ever would . have thought it? if From overseas come regular letters from I “our” boys with all sorts of fine predictions. ii We don’t think of a one in Europe who isn’t 1 planning to open his Christmas presents at ;i home this year. Some even are wetting their *;i lips for Thanksgiving turkey, i; Even Churchill, the statesman, is optimis H tic. He hasn’t the slightest idea we will lose |i this war. Nor does he think we’ll take many i more months to win it. |; Our war leaders, however, are divided on the I:! question. Only 50 per cent of them are op |§; timistic, while the other half warns of over || optimism. If So there you are: Both ends pitted againsl pi the middle. Perhaps we are slightly facetious; fi'but, wouldn’t it be best for all if we were H told once and for all, Just where we standi ii Half the war worries would be over then, anc 'te we have a sneaking idea that there wouldn’ H be quite so much trouble with production ant i: transportation and all the rest of the harriec ft war^rk. Universal Service The belief of Major General Lews B. Her shey, director of National Selective Service, that all eligible high school boys of the nation will eventually serve in the armed forces is the first official hint we’ve had toward univer sal military service for the nation’s youth. The general added that his opinion holds “regardless or not whether the war with Ger many is ended” soon. The youths, he points out, should relieve some of the men who have been overseas two or three years. “It’s time we brought them back,” he asserted. Whether he is speaking of an army of occu pation is not clear but his thoughts indicate he is thinking of a great army for the nation’s future. That force, so necessary to keep the peace, will have to be based on universal con scription, a system that has been maintained in Europe for years. The.ordinary American is non - militaristic, but the reduction of dis tances, as shown by the great development of airpower in this war, means that our nation al safeguards must be more secure then ever before. To again be as unprepared as we were before Pearl Harbor may mean disaster not only for this country but the hemisphere in generations to come. If military conscription in peacetime is a ne cessity, and it appears to be, then it’s time to give it some thought of a place in our post-war world. -V Opportunity The United States Public Health Service has been given authority to make grants-in-aid for medical research in public or private in stitutions, increase appropriations to states en gaged in general public health work, establish a national tuberculosis program and foster preventative medicine. It would seem that such cooperation by the government with both public and private agen cies is one of its legitimate functions in carry ing out any public health program. It is not compulsory, but it does provide a basis for coordinating the medical facilities of this na tion, and making the results of medical educa tion, research and practice available to in dividuals, doctors and hospitals in every city and rural community. If the hand of politics can be kept out of the United States Public Health Service, it can be the focal point for encouraging rapid strides in progressive American medicine. Coordinating public and private health ac tivities for the benefit of all the people, with out destroying the initiative of American med icine by creating a national medical monopoly and compulsory medical practices, is the goal that must be kept in sight. If there is any agency of government that should cooperate with all health agencies, it is the United States Public Health Service. Let us hope that will be its policy and that private medicine may work with it with a feeling of security rather than fear. -V Do We Appreciate? Electricity has long been so common in the United States that we are not conscious of its presence. We consider as commonplace, Services and products in our country, which would be looked on as luxuries in large por tions of the world. As evidence of this, take the lowly electric clock. Many electric clocks are seldom set aft er they are once plugged in. Well, what of it? you may ask. Nothing, except you don’t think of failure in your electric service. It is seldom that anything but an Act of God or war would interrupt the current which you depend on using as uninterruptedly as the water you drink or the air you breathe. Such service isn’t an accident. It is the re sult of over a half a century of tireless ef fort by electric companies which have been pioneered and financed by individuals who, under the urge of unrestrained opportunity, have given this nation services and products as yet unknown to countless millions over the world. It is sometimes well to pause and count our blessings. Outstanding in the United States is the progress that flows from private enter prise. -V Why Kill Hirohito? A Honolulu editor urges that the execution of Hirohito is necessary to prevent further Japa nese aggression. Granting that the editor, in a city which includes a large Japanese colony, knows the character and habits of the Jap better than most of us, we still question his suggestion. Hirohito, believed by his people to be a descendant of the sun goddess, is a confusion of god and emperor. He is the center of the Japanese state religion, but his temporal pow er has risen and fallen according to the whims and temper of his ministers. And there seems ample evidence that the militarist clique, not the emperor, willed and planned tnis war. To execute Hirohito would be both inexpe dient and un-American. Such an act would probably roue# the Japanese people, even though defeated, to a fury that would prolong resistance and cost many more American lives. Besides, it is hardly fitting that a country founded on freedom of worship should put to death a ruler who, however senseless it'seems to us, is regarded by his subjects as a divine ■ being. If we bring the Tojo gang to justice, . we shall probably have killed the present rool of Jap aggression. i Help Save A Life The circus fire tragedy at Hartford, Conn., is unusual in only one respect—it caused the death of an unusual number of people in one fire. And yet death was no more defiite for each of those victims than it is for the individual who perishes in a farmhouse, or for one or two or three children who meet death in home fires almost every day. Because some 150 people meet death from a single fire in Hartford, the tragedy is given page headlines across the nation. But when 10,000 people burn up annually by ones and twos, you never see the fact blazoned to the world in large type. Circus or night club tragedies, and most other fires, could be prevented if each in dividual appointed himself a committee of one to see that every time he lit a match, smoked a cigarette or had anything to do with any appliance that caused heat, it was out or pro perly safeguarded, when he left it. Our 10,000-a-year fire death toll could be largely eliminated if we would all learn a lesson from the Hartford disaster and be in dividually careful. — ■■■* V Legacy __ Right in the midst of a hot spell came news that a Russian professor is planning a sort of “deep freeze’’ museum for posterity. He proposes to bury the bodies of men and ani mals in the preserving, perpetually frozen earth of the Siberian north, together with fur niture, utensil*, the works of great contem porary authors, and historical documents of our time. Will our proud inventions be obsolete curi osities and our history one of meaningless bloodshed? Or will this war and wars to come so deplete and degrade mankind that those descendants will have returned to a savage state from which they look upon our remnants in uncomprehending wonder? Perhaps it is not taking too long a view to say that we shall start answering those ques tions in the peace we make after this war, anri wav W Irpon +Viat noane in ex futnro Fair Enough (Editor's Not#.—Tho Star and tho News aeeept no responsibility for tho personal views of Mr. Fagler, and often disagree with them as mnch as many of his readers. His articles serve the good purpose of making people think. By WESTBROOK PEGLER NEW YORK, Aug. 8.—The wife of one of the Republican governor* at Tom Dewey’s St. Lou is seminar ran loose at the lip with a sugges tion that any statesman’s loving little treasure who wouldn’t help h(tr old man with hi* letters, without publie pay, ought to get a divorce. She was talking about Mrs. Harry Truman, who has been drawing $4000 a year from the government for such work. Deplorable as it is for its nastiness, this remark might do some good, nevertheless. For one thing, it should embolden other husbands in the campaign, on both sides, to call up their manhood and issue orders as to who is to do the talking and who is to keep quiet. Not all 'husbands face this problem of mari tal discipline and none could hope to carry the burden of political blame for meddlesome statements that President Roosevelt has borne so lightly for twelve years. But Mrs. Roosevelt is a unique and special case. She has adver tised and endorsed shows and books and com munist persons and projects, called her hus band the “ruler” of the American people, given aid and comfort to rackets and racketeers and journeyed far at public expense in the hitherto non - political and almost holy habit XL — T»_3 n_ BAD PRACTICE But this extra emphasis on the Trumans arrangement for the collection of some petty white graft may be salutary in another way, too. It calls attention to a snide and disreput able practice which the members of both houses of Congress have resorted to as a pathetic com promise between decent dignity and the neces sities of their economic condition. Although Congress is supposed to be the mas ter of its problems, any proposal and every vote to raise their salaries to a fair level would be unfairly condemned as a self-serving act. Only a lame duck or a man determined to retire could take responsibility for such a bill and those who voted for it would be ham mered in their home districts for unconscious able greed even though it were designed to take effect at a future session. Congressman’s pay of $10,000 should be rais ed to $25,000 at once. He runs for office every two years. The cam paign expense varies but is, on the average, $1000 a year. It may be more if he has to stand a primary contest and some rivals run in primaries with no hope of winning but only to cause the incumbent expense. In presidential years some of them get help from their nation al organizations but this is not necessarily generous and is never reliable. The statesman gets 20 cents a mile to and from a session but many of them make fbur or five trips a year to their home districts and none of this political expense is deductible in their income tax returns. Neither is the expense of living in Washington for 200 or more days a year which, with unavoidable touches and the cost of entertaining, will be about $3000, although salesmen, executives and the like may charge off such amounts. Mean time he maintains a real home in his district where he must be a substantial citizen and, nowadays, the sessions are so long that his pri vate law practice or other business wanes or dies of neglect. , In granting the raise the people in effept, would be subsidizing the political expenses of their servants. That sounds worse than it is, and anyway, the people are doing it now and, as for the hold-the-l'ne order and the little steel formula, it should be remembered that prac tically all labor is receiving inflationary pay. Sidney Hillman recently got a raise of $3,000 a year from his clothing workers at a con vention attended and addressed, of course, by Mrs R The reason public opinion condones this nepotism is that we all know the ex penses of the position and the price levels oi the time call for. The people, in this case, are In no positing* to pull snoots at the Trumans. JAPANESE SANDMAN ____ si OW UP/ roo/VttPPpesT! MQTHe0M£K^ _£^7^>g7c> ^ With Ernie Pyle IN NORMANDY—(By Wireless) —Our frontlines were marked by long strips of colored cloth laid on the ground, and with colored smoke to guide our airmen during the mass bombing that preceded our break-out from the German ring that held us to the Normandy beach head. Dive bombers hit it just right. We stood in the barnyard of a French farm and watched them barrel nearly straight down out of the sky. They were bombing about a half a mile ahead of where we stood. They came in groups, diving from every direction, perfectly timed, one right after another. Every where you looked separate groups of planes were on the way down, or on the way back up, or slanting over for a dive, or circling, circling, circling over our heads, waiting for their turn. The air was full of sharp and distinct sounds of cracking bombs and the heavy rips of the planes’ machine guns and the splitting screams of diving wings. It was all fast and furious, but yet distinct as in a musical show in which you could distinguish throaty tunes and words. And then a new sound gradually droned into our ears, a sound deep and all encompassing with not noes in it—just a gigantic faraway surge of doom-like sound. It was the heavies. They came from directly behind us. At first they were the merest dots in the sky. You could see clots of them against the far heavens, too tiny to count indivi dually. They came on with a ter rible slowness. They came in flights of 12, three flights to a group and in groups stretched out across the sky. They came in “families” of about 70 planes each. Maybe these gigantic waves were two miles apart, maybe they) were 10 miles, I don’t know. But I do know they came in a constant procession and I thought it would never end. What the Germans mus1 have thought is beyond comprehen sion. Their march across the sky was slow and studied. I’ve never knowi a storm, or a machine, or any re solve of man that had about it the aura of such a ghastly relentless ness. You had the feeling that ever had God appeared beseechingly be fore them in the sky with palms outward to persuade them back they would not have had withir them the power to turn from theii irresistable course. I stood with a little group of men ranging from colonels to privates, back of the stone farmhouse. Slii trenches were all around the edges of the farmyard and a dugout witt a tin roof was nearby. But we were so fascinated by the spectacle over head that it never occurred to us that we might need the foxholes The first huge flight passed di rectly over our farmyard and oth ers followed. We spread our feel and leaned far back trying to look straight up, until our steel helmets fell off. We’d cup our fingers around our eyes like field glasses for a clearer view. And then the bombs came. They began ahead of us as the crackle of popcorn and almost instantlj swelled into a monstrous fury oi noise that ’ seemed surely to de stroy all the world ahead of us, From then on for an hour and a half that had in it the agonies ol centuries, the bombs came down, A wall of smoke and dust erected by them grew high in the sky. 11 filtered along the ground back through our own orchards. It sifted around us and into our noses. The bright day grew slowly dark from it. By now everything was an in describable cauldron of sounds. In dividual noises did not exist. The thundering of the motors in the sky and the roar of bombs ahead filled all the space for noise on earth. Our own heavy artillery was The Literary Guidepost BY JOHN SELBY “One Damn Thing After An other,” by Tom Treanor (Double day, Doran; $2.50). One excellent fact about Tom Treanor’s “One Damn Thing After Another” is that the author him self isn’t sure of everything. Quite frankly I (and nearly every other reviewer I know) get a case of the shakes when still another corres pondent’s book comes along. Or for that matter, another of those what -to -do -when -the -war’s -over jobs. It is not only that most auth ors in either class get a Yah veh compleies. It is that most of them are colossally superficial, if that is a workable figure of speech. The more they fling their weight around, the more generals, admirals, prime ministers, kings and such they call by their first names, the less likely the book is to make sense. Mr. Treanor’s book makes a curious kind of sense. He has rep resented the Los Angeles Times in several theaters of war, but he did not use the cables, except to get more money. And he found that British (and even American) press officers just didn’t under stand about the Times, and didn’t think a correspondent whose stuff went by mail “rated.” To climax that deal, Mr. Treanor found him self practically grounded in the Mediterranean area by the cor respondents’ committee itself; while the Mediterranean theater was “hot,” Mr. Treanor intimates, there was quite a lot of cor respondent-swagger. Anyway, our author appeared to be close enough to action a good deal of the time, but doing a double-dodging stint as well. He was trying to keep from being killed, and also to keep from be ing caught by the press czars. He would engineer a wonderful as signment such as a flight from Egypt to Gilbraltar, via Malta, when the Malta trouble was at its worst—and wonder all the way whether he wouldn’t be expelled from the area when he got back. He was expelled, eventually. But he went to India and China and Anzio and many other places. He was hugely intested in peo ple, much of the time. His dis patches were rather like a travel book by Lewis Carroll, when laid end to end as they are in “One Damn Thing After Another.” I think Mr. Treanor has something to say to the profound boys, too, but he’ll twitch their beards a bit while they read it crashing all around us, yet we could hardly hear it. | - I The Germans began to shoot heavy, high ack-ack. Great black puffs of it by the score speckled •the sky until it was hard to distin ! quish smoke puffs from planes. And then someone shouted that one of the planes was smoking. Yes, we could all see it. A long faint line of black smoke stretched straight for a mil ebehind one of them. And as we watched there was a gigantic sweep of flame over the plane. From nose to tail it disap peared in flame, and it slanted slowly down and banked around the sky in great wide curves this way and that way, as rhythmically and gracefully as in a slow motion waltz. Then suddenly it seemed to change its mind and it swept up ward. steeper and steeper and ever slower until finally it seemed poised motionless on its own I black pillar of smoke. And then just as slowly it turned over and dived for the earth—a golden spearhead on the straight black shaft of its own creation—and it disappeared behind the treetops. But before it was done there were more cries of, “There’s an other one smoking and there’s a third one now.” Chutes came out of some of the planes. Out of some came no chutes at all. One of white silk caught on the tail of a plane. Men with binoculars could see him fight ing to get loose until flames swept over him, and then a tiny black dot fell through space, all alone. And all that time the great flat ceiling of the sky was roofed by all the others that didn’t go down, plowing their way forward as if there were no turmoil in the world. Nothing deviated them by t h e slightest. They stalked on, slowly and with a dreadful pall of sound, as though they were seeing only some thing at a great distance and nothing existed in between. God, how you admired those men up there and sickened for the ones who fell. | -V TL'J D_I_>? n a ftifu i uiuiyais tudt Reported In Robeson LUMBERTON, Aug. 8.—(£•)—'The third case of infantile paralysis in Robeson county during the summer was reported today by Dr. E- R. Hardin, county health officer, who stated that Bobbie Barfield, four year-old son of James Barfield of the Jennings Mill section, North Lumberton, has a mild case. The child became sick August 4 and the case was diagnosed as poliomyelitis. A small negro child m the Rowland section who has a mild case of paralysis is report ed to be improving. A four-year-old Indian child died of the disease several weeks ago. -:--V DEVERS MADE KNIGHT ROME, Aug. 8— UR -Lt.-Gen. Jacob L. Devers, deputy com mander-in-chief in the Mediter ranean theater, was made a Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath by King George VI during the monarch’s visit to Italy, it was disclosed today -V ADMIRALS CHANGE POSTS PENSACOLA, Fla., Aug. 8.—(4P)— Rear Adm. Charles Alan Pownall will succeed Rear Adm. George D. Murray as chief of naval air train ing with headquarters at the Pen sacola naval air station, public re lations announced today --V Sawdust is processed into a plas ter to replace gypsum Interpreting The W ar By KIRKE L. Si.«PS0N Associated Press War Analyst Unrelieved by a desperate^, futile counterattack ln fou, 1 sion force aimed at AvraJ'*' the plight of the main s rneMes' of . the Nazi army betwn^ Loire and the Seine in Franr h' hourly more critical its C? 15 center segment from the pUncZ* Orne line to Le Mans, 70 miles t the south, appears in grave h ' ger of being caught between ?' ! verging Canadian and Amer^ forces in a position to close in k hind it and cut it off from escan. The exact location of inf.: spearheads to the north and sou h was not officially revealed FieM dispatches indicated, however that the Canadian army, operating as such and under Canadian com* mand for the first time in Domin' ion history, had broken through German thick-set defenses east of the Orne in a power drive that was approaching Falaise if it ha not reached that important junc. tion town. To the south one of ihiej fast moving American armored columns was reported in Le Mans Thug both ends of a 60-mile strip of the fine Caen-Le Mans highway —which runs through Falaise, Ar gentan, and Alencon 35 miles in the rear of the enemy center sec tor which the counterattack in the Mortain-Sourdeval area was the eastern apex—are in Allied hands. There seems no question that the Canadian drive, shephered by, a furious night-and - day mass air bombardment, is pointed down the Caen-Le Mans highway to Cabe in the northern flank of the German central defense front. Whether the American advance guard which reached Le Mans has wheeled northward up the Swarthe valley in an effort to close a wide and deep trap on the foe by a junc tion with the Canadians or is push, ing on eastward toward Paris via Orleans, Chartres or Dreux is not revealed. In either event the flanking threat of the foe is apparent. There are obvious possibilities, short of a fast paced German retreat be hind the Seine, that Nazi main forces could be caught and virtu- I ally annihilated and leave the way | open for an Allied march on Ger many. -V 25 Years Ago Today (FROM THE FILES OF THE STAR-NEWS) AUGUST 9, 1919 Lieutenant Thomas W. Strange, aviation, stationed at Fort Sill, Okla., is spending a period in the city with his relatives. Funeral services for Mrs. Flor ence C. Holmes, widow of John W. Holmes, whose death occured yesterday here, will be held from the late residence on Dock street, this afternoon. Miss Mattie Stack left yesterday for points in South Carolina, where she will visit with various relatives and friends. -v Daily Prayer FOR GRATITUDE FOR SONS As we brood daily over our sep aration from loved ones in service, we pray, O Heavenly Father, for a sense of gratitude that we have sons and daughters to give until Thee and unto our Country's great Cause. We recall the millions of men and women who have no per sonal ties with this supreme strug gle; no sons or daughters to give to this sacred service. Their lone liness and deprivation is greater than ours. They have never known the joys of parenthood. They have no stored up memories of little children who have now grown up to fitness for service to our nation and of the world. The depths ol their hearts have never been shak en by the sorrow of separation. We pray to Thee, 0 Father of a surrendered Son, that we may oe nobly thankful to Thee that ve have this great gift of love to lay on Thine altar. All of life l! sweetened by sacrifice. We rise into fellowship with the crucifi Saviour as we share His sorro and pain. In new dignity an gratitude and peace we accep grief’s bequest as the crown love’s bounty. Amen.-W.I.E -V - I Robeson County bchoois To Have Opening Delayed LUMBERTON, Aug. 8-The■ beson board of education ha the tentative date for opening ^ schools in the county for the 45 term from Sept. 18 to Oc ,■ compliance with recommen of state and county health au ties that schools not open the middle of September bee of the continued prevalence fantile paralysis through » ■ Carolina. BARRACKS TRANSFERRED WASHINGTON, Aug. 8-^' naval receiving barracks * . Ocean Steamship Company nal at. Savannah. Ga., are ,’ transferred to Cockspur ' ^ Ga., the Navy said t°da-' spokesman said no further were available.. Honeycutt is a village inj'0 $ Carolina, Honeyhill a villas South Carolina.