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Wl UPlIlP AVENGE WILMIINGTON AND VICINITY: Part- ill M W" 1111 PEARL HARBOR 1 today. H H _ ^^g High 84—Low ■ , _ §J* ■■ ■ ■ AND BATAAN | -- -1 < £!8tihis g>m aFfo __ y_-l-8— 04--- WILMINGTON, N. C., SUNDAY, AUGUST 13, 1941 FINAL EDITION PRICE FIVE CENTS! Nazi Troops Pulled Out Of Florence ENEMY flees in dark German Forces Withdraw After Week’s Stand On Arno’s Banks ROME, Aug. 12—(IP)—The Germans have pulled out of Florence, releasing Italy’s most beautiful cit* from a vjge in which it had been clutched for a week as con tending armies stood on op posite banks of the Arno riv er. which runs through it. A German withdrawal made un der cover of darkness permitted officers of the Allied Military Gov ernment to enter the main part of the city north of the Arno today to assist the stricken population. There were no official reports that the Eighth army had yet crossed tU ctronm 1 The Germans withdrew north of the Mugnone canal, which skirts the northern edge of the city, but some snipers were left behind. , In the modern suburbs on the eastern extremity of the city, where wide streets separate apartment houses, there was machinegun fire from German parachute troops sta tioned on roofs. Neither army shelled Florence, and only its rail yards and instal lations in the immediate vicinity were bombed. There were machine gun duels across the Arno, but these caused little or no damage. First reports from officers cross ing the Arno indicated the situa tion of the population was even worse than had been believed. Food, water and medical supplies were short, and the entire male population — except for Fascist combatants—had been confined to their homes by the Germans. While it was too early to fully assess Florence’s priceless art P treasures and monuments, they ap parently were virtually intact ex cept for the bridges across the Arno. There was known to have been some looting. Of Florence's famous bridges, only its most noted one of Ponte Vecchio is intact. This one was merely blocked by wrecking of buildings at both ends. An official report failed to say whether AMG officials had been able to verify that the Germans had carried out demolitions in the northern part of the city. Action along the Arno west of Florence, where the eighth army is bringing up its forces to attempt a crossing, was confined largely to patrols. On the Adriatic front, the Ger mans have withdrawn across the Cesano river from Monte Porzio to the coast, a distance of more than seven miles, and the Poles threw a bridgehead across the stream two miles from the sea. A German prisoner, reporting on the tenacious fighting in Italy, said officers were advising the troop? they must fight to the death •eamst the Eighth Army Indian ft cos because the Indians kill all prisoners. Rain closed down on the Fifth army sector at the opposite end of 1 ■ uo:,: and there w as only patrol 8CIio11 and scattered artillery and small arms fire -—:v tana emphasizes AKA’s Importance tec AKA type ships being built f North Carolina Shipbuilding company are the most “important ! E" being produced for the war E hr today." Vice Admiral Emory f Eand. chairman of the Mari ne commission, said in a tele* f'ani 10 Captain Roger Williams, P-estdc-nt nf the shipbuilding com pany. yesterday. Explaining that “the planned cT ,a: ' of ^e ^ure prosecu ‘on the war is .dependent uoon "fm." Admiral Land called on ^ company's employees to “stay Cn ,ne joo and work harder than ever before.” request was interpreted as that every shipbuilder Ii,,! "lily continue on his or Kej ,j°b but absenteeism must be j'e f ■ minimum if each vessel 11 oc delivered on time. The ’ f litis been engaged on E Ah a contracts for the past few l:; -..d launched its tenth ves *• type last Wednesday. Iu.' ''"“t'-d 1.and's telegram fol ^ ' c.uyard is one of a num J a heretofore has been se *‘"v :-‘y tlie Maritime commis carrying out the comb'a rj'lc,<'ct ‘ ’ arisport and cargo shij ' Certainly there is noth ” n ' ■important in shipbuild "'Oitimua on Page Two; Col. 3! _Nuns Negotiate Nazi Surrender During the drive for the French town of Avranches, an American patrol cautiously approaches a convent where Nazi soldiers are be lieved to have taken refuge. Two nuns (top photo) come out to tell the patrol that Germans are ready to surrender. Capt. Albert J. Owen states terms of acceptance. Enemy soldiers, with hands on their heads, (lower photo) come out of hiding while one of the uuns who negotiated the surrender looks on. Mad Seaman Kills Trio On High Seas PHILADELPHIA, Aug. 12—W) —A terrifying story of murder on the high seas was related by the crew of an American ship that docked here today, with three of its hands slain and three wounded by another crewman who later took his own life. Federal Bureau of Investiga tion agents were told that the slayings occurred early on the morning of July 11, off the west toast of Africa. Joseph Beegle, a crew mem ber, said he was awakened by screams and saw another sea man, Andre Pono, bending over the bunk of Frederico Gonzal ez, a shipmate. Then, he said, Gonzalez fell from his bunk dead of stab wounds. Beegle said he grabbed for Pono, but missed him, and Pono fled from the cabin. On the deck, Thomas R. Beltram, another seaman, joined the chase. Suddenly. Beegle, said, Pono turned and stabbed him and severely wounded Beltram and Jose Omega, who joined in the (Continued on Page Two; Col. 2) PILOT KILLED IN CAR CRASH Lieutenant John William O’Brien. 22, a combat pilot instructor at Bluethenthal Field, was fatally in jured about 12:30 o’clock yesterday morning when the 1936 Ford sedan he was driving crashed into a tele phone pole one-tenth of a mile south of Roosevelt Gardens on Highway 117, north. O’Brien died eight minutes after he was extricated from the wreck age. a short while following the accident, by State Highway Patrol man J. L. Flowers. From skid marks on the road, Flowers judged that O’Brien was traveling at so high a rate of speed he was unable to execute a curve. Flowers reported that O’Brien was traveling north on the high way, when his tires skidded for 58 yards and his car struck the pole”, cutting it off 30 feet from the ground and completely demol ishing the car. The Ford was wrapped arounc the stump of the pole, doors wer< torn out on the right side, and the dash panel was fastened on the lieutenant’s body; O’Brien was thus bearing the weight of the front o: the machine. 'Motorists and nearby resident: heard the crash, Flowers said, ant rushed to the scene. When they at tempted to turn the car from the body, they were stopped by 4,001 volts of electricity flowing fron (Continued on Page Eight; Col. 7) SCHOOLS OPEN SEPTEMBER 18 New Hanover county schools will open September 18, barring serious rise in the number of infantile pa ralysis cases here and subsequent action by the Board of Health, it was announced yesterday by J. W. Grise. assistant superintendent of schools. Grise said the Board of Educa i tion has formally acceded to the request of the Board of Health in postponing opening of the schools from September 4 to September 18. Letters to teachers and principals of the county system went forward yesterday, including the following information: “Principals of white schools and the three city Negro schools should report for work Monday morning, September 11 at their school. “All transfer and irregular pu pils see pincipals of school they are to attend this year September 11 through September 15. “Meeting of white principals Tuesday, September 12 at 10:00 a. m. at Isaac Bear School. “Meeting of Negro principals Tuesday, September 12 at 3:00 p.m. ■ at Williston Industrial School. “Registration of new pupils Fri ; day, September 15, 9:00 a.m. to ; 12 o’clock. “A country-wide meeting for : white teachers will be held Friday I p.m., September 15 at 3 o’clock in t the New Hanover High School au (Continued on Page Two; Col. 4) House Gives Bill dule UN TUESDAY On Postwar Pay Sidetracked For Time Pending Other Vote WASHINGTON, Aug. 12_ (A*)— The House leadership gave the go-ahead signal to day to surplus property dis posal legislation, sidetracking temporarily the George un employment - demobilization bill passed yesterday by the Senate. Three days of debate, starting Tuesday, were allotted tentative ly to the surplus property measure which was approved today by the House expenditures committee, the final decision to betmade Monday by the rules committee. Chairman Doughton (D - NC) meanwhile called a meeting of the Ways Means committee for Tues day to determine the line of action on the George measure which the Senate passed by a 55 to 19 vote after rejecting the revised Kilgore bill calling for unemployment bene fits up to $25 weekly. The committee will decide whether to divorce from the bill a provision establishing an office of war mobilization and reconver sion headed by a presidentially appointed director at $15,000 a year. Earlier House plans called for separate legislation dealing with creation of an office of reconver sion, unemployment compensation and surplus property disposal. Chairman Colmer (D-Miss) of the House postwar economic com mittee, said he believed the three point program could be expedited br leaving in the George bill the provisiion setting up the reconver sion machinery. A postwar subcommittee headed by Representative Cooper (D Tenn), has agreed on a separate bill embodying the main principles of the Senate’s reconversion pro posal. By leaving both subjects in one bill in the opinion of House leaders, a pre-election congres sional adjournment starting around September 1 might be possible. There was little controversy in sight on the surplus property bill. Written by a committee headed by Representative Manasco (D-Ala), it provides for appointment of a (Continued on Page Two; Col. 5) -V SOUTHERN FRANCE HIT BY BOMBERS ROME, Aug. 12—UR—Allied air might was thrown against the southern approaches to Hitler's crumbling European fortress to day for the second time within 24 hours, with 750 U. S. heavy bomb ers scourging German military de fenses along the southern coast of France. There was a feeling among the public that momentous develop ments in the Mediterranean were impending as high American mili tary figures arrived to join Prime Minister Churchill, who already is in Rome. The arrival of Churchill alone was interpreted by Popolo, organ of the Christion Democrat party, as a sign of the importance the Italian theater of war “may assume in the near future.” It was announced that Robert P. Patterson, undesecretary of War, and Lt. Gen Brehon S. Somervell, commander of U. S. Army Service Forces, had arrived to inspect military installations in the Med iterranean theater. ACL Troop Trains Stopped By Boys; , Judge Savs Parents’ Fac'd Indictment Parents of scores of youths who have been “seriously in terfering” with the movement of Atlantic Coast Line troop trains out of Wilmington for the past six months face in dictment for neglect and con tributing to juvenile delin quency if their children are again caught in the mischief, Mrs. J. C. Layton, acting judge of the juvenile court, warned yesterday. Mrs. Layton declared that eight, of the approximately 100 boys who have been hindering progress of the troop-laden trains by swarming over the switch tracks near Love’s Grove appeared in her court | Friday, and fnat letters of warning have gone forth to their parents. "The interference has been going on since February,” Mrs. Layton disclosed. “Rail road authorities havte been most forbearing, but now the situation is so serious this court is forced to move to stop it.” Mrs. Layton reported that engineers must slow down or bring their trains to, a stop, while attempt is made to clear the tracks of the young sters. "They are afraid to go ahead, and' their schedules •suffer for the delay,” she com mented. “This has ■ been happening every day. Not only are the boys holding up troop trains, but they are facing dangerous injury,” Mrs. Layton said. The following letter is being sent to parents of the young sters: “Dear Parent, It has com* to our attention that your , son has been one of a large group of boys trespassing on rail road property. “These children endanger their own lives and cause a slow down in troop move ments which is a direct vio lation of Federal law. “Your child and his beha vior is your responsibility. When you permit him to ex pose himself to dangers and violation of the law you are neglecting your responsibility. “This court warns you that any future instances of tres passing or hindering of rail road movements in which your child is involved will result in your being indicted for neg lect and contributing to juve nile delinquency. Yours very • (Continued on Page Two; Col. 5) SECRECY CLOAKS ENCIRCLING OF GERMANS WEST OF PARIS; ROOSEVELT BA CK IN ST A TES DEFENSE NEEDS GIVEN STRESS FDR Says United Nations Must Prepare Barriers Against Japanese BREMERTON, Wash., Aug. 12 —(fl5) _ President Roosevelt came home, from a 15-day inspection of the Pa cific war zone tonight to de clare the United Nations must prepare permanent de fenses against any future ag gressions by the Japanese. “The word and the honor of Ja pan cannot be trusted,’,’ he declar ed. The President came into dock at this huge Navy yard about 4 p.m. (Pacific War Time), ending a war tour that began when he left the Marine base at San Diego, Calif., on July 21 — a day after his fourth-term nomination by the De mocrats. During his absence he visited Pearl Harbor, where he conferred with the war chiefs of the Pacific, and inspected military bases in the Aleutians. He brought a laugh when he said he played hookey near Juneau, Alaska, long enough to sneak in three hours of fishing. The result: One halibut and one flounder. Permanent Pacific defenses must be obtained, Mr. Roosevelt said, to protect this hemisphere from Alaska to Chile. It is important, he added, that we have permanent bases nearer to Japan. “We have no desire to ask for any possessions of the United Na tions,” he said, “but the United Nations who are working so well with us in the winning of the war will, I am confident’ be glad to join with us in protecting against aggression and in machinery to prevent aggression. “With them and with their help, I am sure that we can agree com pletely so that Central and South America will be as safe against -at tack from the South Pacific as North America is going to be from the North Pacific itself.” As for Japan, the President said: “It is an unfortunate fact that years of proof must pass before we can trust Japan and before we can classify Japan as a member of the society of nations which seek permanent peace and whose word we can.take.” The President said that during his absence—he left Washington July 13—he kept in close touch with developments in the capital and on all war fronts. But he didn’t of fer a guess on the war’s end. Sailors, workers and guests who jammed the dockside of the Puget (Continued on Page Eight; Col. 5) --V Border Belt Sales Show Big Increase FLORENCE, S. C., Aug. 12—(Al in the first week of auction sales, Carolinas Border Belt tobacco mar kets sold 13.661,192 pounds at an average price of 43 cents, com pared with 7,853,227 pounds at 41 cents in the same period last year, the War Food Administration an nounced today. The two cents increase in the general average was attributed to j the hiking of the price ceiling by the Office of Price Administration from 41 to 43 cents and to the bet- j ter quality of the.offerings, which so far have consisted mainly of lugs. Sales were fairly heavy on the South Carolina markets but extremely light on most North Carolina markets. TRUCK OPERATORS TO RESUME RUNS MINNEAPOLIS, Aug. 12—(A)— With both unions and truck opera tors giving complete cooperation, the government tonight moved rapidly toward resumption of com plete over-the-road freight serv ice on 103 midweStern Tries by Monday, Ellis T. Longenecker. federal manager of the lines under govern ment control, said he had received word that trucks were ready to roll at Sioux Falls. S. D, Omaha, Neb., and Sioux .City, .Iowa with operators and unions’liaving agreed to acceptance of federal rules. He reported that 50 per cent of Chicago truckers were set to start hauling with the remainder held up in the twin cities’ area, whence their loads were destined. - t NEWS WITHHELD AS PRECAUTION AFies Continuing Sweep On Other Main Fronts; Nazis Counterattack SUPREME HEADQUAR TERS ALLIED EXPEDI TIONARY FORCE, Sunday, Aug. 13—■(&)—The Allies, with official mystery cloak ing the American swing around the left flank of the half-encircled German Sev enth army in northwestern France, pounded forward slowly at five points in the bulge between Mortain and Caen yesterday and Ameri can . armor pushed toward southern France well below the Loire to the portentious accompaniment of bomb bursts on the Mediterranean coast. One German salient six miles wide and four miles deep was rub bed out by coordinated British • Canadian drives below Caen. The Germans, reversing their previous withdrawal tactics, hurl ed all available reinforcements in to the Normandy bulge which Am erican, British and Canadian troops were battering from toree sides. The vast regions of France below the broad Loire river already had been penetrated by American ground forces which stabbed more than 10 miles southward after lib But Lack of news concerning that front and on activity beyond Le Mans on the Paris road— a place which the Americans had passed four days previously —• reachedthe proportions of a com plete blackout. Dispatches from the front were heavily censored, and at the late night headquarters press conference there was no word of developments. The speed, extent and objectives of the American drives so befuddl ! ed fhe Germans that the Allies rig idly continued the four-day clamp - down on word progress, announc ing, “the situation must remain ob scure purely for security reasons.” It asked public patience “be cause on secrecy depends he suc cess of the Allied plan and the lives of American, British, Canad ian and other Allied soldiers.” On the remainder of the active front, the British driving four miles east of Thury-Harcourt, reached Fresney-Le-Vieux and link ed up with Canadians who pushed down from Bretteville-sur-Laize This gave the British control of the Caen-Thury highway. The Canadians took the road junction town of Barbery and ad vanced a mile and a half south ward to Bois Halbout These drives eliminated the Ger man slient between the Lize and Orne river. Whether any sizable German were trapped in the area was not disclosed. East of Bretteville, across the Caen-F*alaiseroad, the Canadian*? advanced a little over a half-mile in the St. Sylvain area against fierce opposition. Southwest of Thury, the British cptured St. Pierre La Vielle and pressed on southward within three miles north of Conde-sur-Noieau, an anchor point of German posh tions west of the Orne. -V ‘Unloaded’ Gun Kills Young Wilmington Boy Thomas Brown Harriss, 9, youngest son of Mrs. Laura Wed dell Harriss and the late Meare* Harriss, died at his mother’s home, 1903 Market Street, early last night when an “unloaded” gun with which he was playing on the se cond floor of the house accidently discharged killing him instantly. He was born in Wilmington on April 1,7, 1935. and was a student at Chestnut Heights School. Ar rangements for the funeral have not been made. He is survived by three brother*, Meares, Charles Johnson and J. Weddell Harriss; and four sisters, Katharine, Wininfred, Luara and Priscilla; also by his grandmother, Mrs. John Weddell of Rocky Mount, and the following aunts and uncles: Mrs. Thomas H. Battle of Rocky Mount, Mrs. Wood Gaither, Frank G. Harriss, George if. Harriss, Mrs. Philip W. Delano, Mrs. H. G. La times, Mrs. F. Willetts, Miss Carria Margaret and Esther Harriss. all of Wilmington. _____1 ‘One-Man Army’ Goes A-Calling ---- — ■ : Pictured with Ruth Eickhoff, his girl-friend in Spring Mount, Pa., is Pfc. Alton W. Knappenberger, 20, Congressional Medal of Honor man home from Italy for a surprise furlough. Arriving with onlj $20 and the explanation that a pickpocket in Naples got all he’d saved for the visit, the “hero cf Anzio” expected to'get in three weeks of loafing and fishing, but friends are rolling up a fund to replace many times over what he lost to the pickpocket and celebrations are being arranged that will keep him and the neighbors feasting and frolicking as well ^is fishing. (International Soundphoto). Red Armies Continue East Prussian Drive LONDON, Sunday, Aug. 13.—(/P)—Gen. G. F. Zakaha rov’s second White Russian army yesterday smashed six miles through strong German fortifications northeast of Warsaw, and reached the Bierrza river marshes, last big obstacle separating the Russians from the famous first world war battleground of the Masurian lakes inside Ger _ t?_i *n_• v. xncuu xjaob i i uooia. t In the north three other powerful Soviet armies tightened their trap on possibly 300,000 German troops pinned against the Baltic sea, and one of these Red armies suddenly lashed out westward toward Lie paja, west Latvian port, and to ward Memel, German seaport at the northern tip of German East Prussia. A Moscow communique announc ed the capture of 610 towns and villages, more than half of them by the adjoining armies of General Zakharov and Marshal ‘Konstantin K. Rokossovsky s First White Rus sian troops. The latter army was within four miles of the Warsaw-Bialystok rail way on a broad front between the besieged Polish capital and be yond the Bug river as the Russians wheeled toward East Prussia. Driving northwest along both sides of the Bialystok-Lyck railway leading to East Prussia’s south eastern corner, Zakharov’s troops captured Klewyanka, only seven miles east of the railway Where it crosses the Biebraz river. Klewyan (Continued on Page Two; Col. 4) Flames Damage Coney Island’s Famed Luna Park NEW YORK, Aug. 12—UP)— A spectacular blaze which burst out suddenly this after noon, while thousands of New Yorkers seeking relief from hot weather thronged the area, destroyed half of Luna Park, Coney Island’s famed amuse . ment center. Despite the crowds in the park and nearby, police said no one was seriously injured. Starting in a washroom of the “Dragon's Gorge” scenic railway, the blaze spread swiftly through the park’s flimsy structures, and leveled 15 buildings and .concessions, including the “Mile skychas er” roller-coaster, the opera house and a shooting gallery. The fire was brought under control in about two and a half . hours. Galph in Says Four-County Crop Damages $1,269,612 Damage to corn, tobacco and cotton crops in New Hanover, Brunswick, Onslow and Pender counties from the tropical storm the' night of August 1 was estimated yesterday at ap proximately $1,269,612 by Farm Agent R. W. Gaiphin. New Hanover’s crop loss was placed at $25,424.55 after final tabulations were made. After inspections throughout the counties and from reports submitted by farmers in the section, Gaiphin declared great est damage occured to the corn crop, with about 35 per cent loss in each county. Tobacco, which was hit in spotted areas, received about a 15 per cent loss, and damage to cotton, from bolles being blown from the bushes, reach ed about 10 per cent loss. Truck crops were least des troyed, Galphin explained, be cause butter beans is the only prevalent vegetable being grown nowadays. In releasing the combined es timates of damage, the farm agent reported that corn loss for the four counties was $600, 279.50.. Tobacco, with $646,768. 50 damage, was hardest flit be cause of present gathering of the crop for selling. The cotton crop damage was least, with $22,564 reported. Most damage to New Han over crops was • reported for corn, with $22,095.55 estimated. Tobacco damage was $3,138, and cotton was $191. In further breakdown, Bruns wick county losses were totaled at $336,942, with individual losses as followes: $164,319 for (Continued on Page Eight; Col. 4)'