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The Wilmington morning star. [volume] (Wilmington, N.C.) 1909-1990, August 13, 1944, FINAL EDITION, Image 4

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The Sunday Star-News
Published Every Sunday
By The Wilmington Star-News
_S. B. Page, Owner and Publisher
Entered as Second Claaa. Matter at Wilming
ton. N. C, Poatoffiee Under Act of Congresa
of March 8. 1879.
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MEMBER THE ASSOCIATED PRESS
With confidence fa oar armed forces
with the unboandiug determination of ear
people — we will gain Ike inevitable
triumph — so help ae God.
—Roosevelt’s War Message.
SUNDAY, AUGUST 13, 1944
Our Chief Aim
r To aid in every way the prosecution ef
the war to complete Victory. _
THOUGHT TOR TODAY
[ Nothing sets a person so much oat of the
devil’s reach as humility.
Jonathan Edwards.
--V
George Won’t Do It
f -
The responsibility for Wilmington’s future
belongs exactly where Mr. Walter Blucher
placed it in his Friday address—on the com
munity itself. There has been too much incli
nation to assume that somehow the war boom
will continue after the war ends. Also we are
too prone to think that if we have a recession
after the war, somebody, somehow, will do
something about it.
As to the first point, die Impending elosing
of Camp Davis will give us a stem reminder
of the realities of life, and if the shipyard
curtails its program in part or wholly, we shall
be confronted with an economic crisis such as
we have never faced before. As to the second,
it should be repeated over and over that no
person, firm or agency outside the community
it likely to be more interested in what happens
to us than we are ourselves. If we have no pro
gram for meeting and solving our problems,
we need not expect others to hand us one
ready-made. Other people will have problems
of their own.
A factor of perhaps still greater Importance
is that a great many people are deeply and
sincerely concerned about the post-war period
but are strangely hesitant over doing anything
about it. We suspect that the reasons are,
first, that we feel ourselves to be too busy dur
ing these war times, and, second, that we
don’t have much idea what can be done so
are inclined to do nothing. Either attitude
can be fatal. No person who plans to continue
to make Wilmington his home can truthfully
say that he cannot afford to invest as much
time as necessary to solving the post-war
dilemma now. There would be no difficulty
from now if this problem is not tackled and
licked, and if economic disaster comes as it
certainly will if we neglect the situation.
As for those who hesitate to act because of
fce complexity of the problem, It is necessary
to remember that any job can be accomplish
ed if it is approached with common sense and
determination. The way to do a big job is to
break it down into a series of jobs more nearly
eur size, and then assailing these one by one.
This applies to the shaping erf the future of
eur community just as It does to any other
task. While no miracle’s should be expected,
we can have approximately the kind of com
munity we want, if we (1) decide what we do
want, (2) assign responsibility for getting it,
and (3) insist on results.
Above all, let us remember that the Job is
our own. It need not dismay us. There is zest
hi tackling problems of size and difficulty, and
there is great satisfaction in overcoming them.
--V
Something Really New
Over 17,000,000 American hornet art heated
today by stovei.
For about as many centuries as we know,
mankind’s pipmary wants have been: palat
able food, a compatible mate, shelter and bodi
ly warmth, *
As to heat, Benjamin Franklin observed thal
there had been almost no progress for 2,00C
years and put together his famous idea ir
home heating.
But at last a new stove that is really s
furnace is here—a stove that one can forget foi
a week in moderate winter weathef — thal
burns up its own smoke—that whacks one-thirc
off the coal bill for a starter—that Can heal
an entire bungalow snugly—that will cost lest
than a hundred dollars—that is ready for post
war use.
This new departure in heating embrace* th<
most radical and revolutionary principles tha
have ever been advanced for economical com
fort for the great bulk of American homes
It has been developed by the bituminous coa
industry’s best technical minds, cooperatini
with leading United States manufacturers o
heating equipment.
Real Estate Opinions
What about the future of real estate?
That question is a frequent one these days
and one of the best answers we’ve heard is
the opinion of home financing executives in
fourteen industrial centers where the greatest
increase in the civilian population has come
as the result of the. war boom. They believe
the 1939-1940 level in real estate prices will be
the floor beneath such prices for a consider
able period after the war.
In an opinion survey conducted by the United
States Savings and Loan league, several of
these managers of member saving and loan as
sociations of the league felt that the price level
in real estate would remain firm into the
post-war period, while the majority suggested
that a gradual tpering off of prices by from
10 to 25 cent would eventuate in the readjust
ment period.
Half of those replying to the league’s ques
tionnaire said that at the close of the war there
is likely to be a good demand for new homes
in the medium and higher-cost brackets, from
$6,000 upward. This would be true, they said,
even where there was some overbuilding in
the lower-cost homes on which there has been
a concentration of building attention since
wartime restrictions went into effect.
Quite generally the managers foresee after
the transition has been made a peace industry
surpassing cbnsiderably the pre-war planning
under way in many industries will stand them
in good stefd.
The opinions generally take into considera
tion the certainty that the extent and ease with
which peacetime construction can take over
war industry facilities depends on the type of
industry involved. While many manufacturing
plants now producing munitions will be able
to absorb practically all their present facilities,
they conclude, shipbuilding centers will have
a much more difficult time in keeping present
labor and facilities employed.
The survey of post-war prospects among
savings and loan executives was made in the
following cities: Dayton, Ohio; Charleston,
S. C.; Wichita, Kans.; Galveston and San An
tonio, Texas; Berkeley, Oakland, Alameda and
San Diego, California; Seattle, Wash; Port
land, Oregon; Newport News and Norfolk,
Va.; and Savannah, Georgia.
-V
a m
^nesi campaign
< The appointment of Ranald Stewart as gen
eral chairman of the Community War Chest
for New Hanover county is a wise selection.
Known as a man who can do the job, this
able retail executive is well fitted for the im
portant assignment. His record of civic ac
tivity, such as his work as a member of the
Housing Authority of the City of Wilmington,
shows his willingness to accept the opportuni
ties of leadership in community service.
Because Mr. Stewart is a good organizer,
the Chest should enter the campaign period,
set for the first two .weeks in October, with
its preliminary arrangements in fine order.
But the complete success for the campaign
will not be up to Mr. Stewart or his staff and
corps of workers. That will be decided by the
people of the city and county. Their subscrip
tions will determine the degree of achievement
of the drive and the volume of continuation of
the Chest’s program.
That it deserves to continue, an a well-fin
anced basis, is known to all familiar with its
good works. The several agencies participat
ing in its funds are able to function with
greater efficiency and considerably less fin
ancial worry than ever before. And the com
munity’s contributors, who in the past have
been subjected to many seperate money drives,
have derived peace and comfort through the
merger of many into one. Solicitors now knock
at the door but one time during the year, not
at frequent intervals.
Because the Chest has so ably solved the
problems of support for the community’s
charity, character building and public agen
cies it is proper to expect the people upon
whose gifts they subsist to adjust their budgets
well in advance of its campaign and be pre
pared to make liberal contributions when the
drive gets under way. It is not too early to
begin thinking of your contribution to the
community-wide financial effort.
* -V
Enduring Fame
Miss Mae West came back to Broadway
from Hollywood as the author and star of a
costume play about Imperial Russia. Its -title
was "Catherine Was Great.” According to the
critics, Catherine may have been, but the play
wasn’t.
Even so, Miss West may take heart, for her
place in history is secure. Inflated life jackets
will surely continue to bear her name when
the names of the critics who panned her are
long forgotten.
SO THEY~SAY
Many here at home are talking of a quick
victory through a collapse of the German army.
I tell you that such a collapse is not yet ap
parent to our men who are locked in combat
with a brutal, resourceful and stubborn ene
my- — Secretary of War Henry L. Stimson.
-v-• ,
So long as we have faith in democracy,
which means faith in ourselves, and in our
willingness to assume the responsibilities in
herent in the rights which we proclaim, no
power on earth can stop us. — Dr. Everett
Case, president Colgate U.
-V
The lieutenant was; full of wrath and con.
tempt. With his right wing tip he cut the cords
, of the enemy parachute and sent the enemj
pilot hurtling to destruction. — Jap war cor
respondent, writing from China.
WASHINGTON, Aug. 12.—Back in Washing
ton after a vacation in the “disgruntled, but
still solid South,” we find that those who fre
quent the National Press club’s council table
—where the "problems of the world are solved
daily” — have currently placed President
Roosevelt out ,in front in his campaign for a
fourth term.
“The boys”—meaning the fellows who chron
icle the daily activity of this war-time capital
Qf the world for the press—are generally will
ing to back up their opinions with cold cash,
with Emil Hurja, versatile editor of Pathfind
er magazine, virtually a lone wolf .as an en
thusiastic supporter of the G. O. P. at any
thing near even money.
Summing up the situation following a lengthy
luncheon council table conference, it would
appear that the Roosevelt-Truman ticket has
a total of 20 states in the bag, with electoral
votes aggregating 188, as against the Dewey
Bricker slate’s 16 states, with a total of 152
electoral votes. This leaves 12 doubtful states,
with 191 electoral votes, but most agree that
more than half these states are showing a
trend toward the Fourth Termers.
Concentrate on New York
Both parties are certain to concentrate their
blitz guns upcn New York, having 47 electoral
votes, and Pennsylvania, with 35. A total of
266 electoral votes are necessary to cinch the
election.
Council table conclusions would provide for
a distribution of the votes as follows:
Dem. State* Vote 1940 Majorities
Alabama —-.- 11 . 208,000 Democratic
Arizona ......—.... 4 41,000 Democratic
Arkansas —....... 9 116,000 Democratic
California .. 25 526,000 Democratic
Florida .. 8 223,000 Democratic
Georgia -....... 12 242,000 Democratic
Kentucky .....—. 11 147,000 Democratic
Louisiana -- 10 267,000 Democratic
Missouri .......... 15 87,000 Democratic
Mississippi __ 9 166,000 Democratic
Montana _.... 4 46,000 Democratic
Nevada ..._...._ 2 10,000 Democratic
New Mexico __ 4 24,000 Democratic
North Carolina__ 14 396,000 Democratic
Oklahoma .....—. 10 126,000 Democratic
Rhode Island ...... 4 44,000 Democratic
South Carolina _ 8 94,000 Democratic
Tennessee __.... 12 1821000 Democratic
Utah _........... 4 61,000 Democratic
Virgina ..—. 11 126,000 Democratic
Total Electoral Vote 188
Rep. State* Vote 1940 Majorities
Colorado __... 6 14,000 Republican
Idaho .. 4 21,000 Democratic
Illinois .....—. 28 95,000 Democratic
Iowa .............. 10 54,000 Republican
Kansas . 8 125,000 Republican
Maine_.......... 5 7,000 Republican
Michigan ......... 19 7,000 Republican
Minnesota 11 48,000 Democratic
Nebraska .. 6 89,000 Republican
New Hampshire ... 4 15,000 Democratic
North Dakota —.. 4 30,000 Republican
Ohio .. 25 147,000 Democratic
South Dakota .... 4 46,000 Republican
Vermont .. 3 14,000 Republican
Wisconsin ......... 12 25,000 Democratic
Wyoming __ 3 7,000 Democratic
Total Electoral Vote 152
“Doubtful” States Vote 1940 Majorities
Connecticut . 8 56,000 Democratic
Delaware _ 3 13,000 Democratic
Indiana _........ 13 25,000 Republican
Maryland _ 8 115,000 Democratic
Massachusetts .... 16 137,000 Democratic
New Jersey . 16 71,000 Democratic
New York_ 47 224,000 Democratic
Oregon .. 6 39,000 Democratic
Pennsylvania _ 35 282,000 Democratic
Texas . 23 641,000 Democratic
Washington _... 8 140,000 Democratic
West Virginia .... 8 123,000 Democratic
Total Electoral Vote 191
Conceding for the sake of argument that
the “council table” analysis of the Democratic
and Republican states is about as accurate as
experienced and unbiased forecasters could
make it, although there may be one or two
in each column that could cause argument,
the fact that there are 191 electoral votes at
stake in the “doubtful” states is proof posi
tive that Mr. Roosevelt faces the battle of
his career in his efforts to retain the helm
of the Ship of State and have a voice in “win
ning the war” and "winning the peace” that
follows.
Despite the efforts of Gov. Thomas E. Dew
ey, of New York, the Republican candidate,
to remove the subject of post war collabora
tion as an issue in the current campaign, the
fact remains that the people generally regard
the G. O. P. as the party of the isolationists.
Mr. Roosevelt, astute 'politician that he is,
certainly is not going to permit removal of
the collaboration issue if he can help it.
Must Repeat Declaration
Most of those who frequent the “council
table” agree that with such men as former
President Herbert Hoover and Senator Robert
A. Taft, of Ohio, among the leading sponsors
of the Dewey-Bricker ticket. Gov. Dewey is
going to have to repeat, again and again, his
declaration favoring America’s collaboration
with other nations in a post War program to
preserve the peace, embraced in a speech
the New York executive delivered before the
American Newspaper Publishers association
last April.
The age-old high tariff policy of the G.O.P.
and the isolationist sentiment of Col. Robert
R. McCormick’s Chicago Tribune and mem
bers of the Old Guard die-hard group who
have retained their seats in congress most
certainly will be remembered by many elec
tion-wise Americans who know from bitter ex
perience that platform planks of both parties
are often designed more as stepping stones
into office than as permanent policies to be
fought for after election.
Recent Gallup polls give Gov. Dewey a slight
edge in New York, and there are many here
who point to the Republican governor’s heavy
majority in 1942. But there are also many
who, while conceding that the diminutive Em
pire’ State executive is a vote-getter, insist
that-the situation will be different when he’s
running against FDR. New York’s 47 elec
toral votes, plus the apparent closeness of
the vote, will make that state the chief bat
tleground of the campaign.
Ranking next to New York in* importance
PUSHED AROUND AND TIRED OF IT
With The AEF
Street Of Intrigue
By KENNETH L. DIXON
ROME, Aug. 9.—(Delayed)—(A>)—
Via Margutta is a narrow little
highwalled tree-shaded street hid
den in the heart of Rome, a street
of tiny taverns, of shoemaker shops
and courtyards, shut off by huge
gates with iron grills.
Behind those gates and the stone
walls are homes, apartments ter
raced one about another, flower
gardens, rambling paths and al
leyways that disappear into d i m
buildings farther behind the trees
and finally up into the hills behind
Rome.
The little street provides the per
fect scene for the modern legend
which has sprung up about it.
“During the Nazi occupation,’’
Romans tell you, “there was more
English than Italian or German
spoken along the Via Margutta."
And while that undoubtedly is a
slight exaggeration still it is found
ed on fact, and it typifies the cock
eyed conditions of espionage, coun
terespionage and double - barreled
intrigue which has been common
place in Rome throughout the war.
For years everyone has known
that the German Gestapo operated
in strength throughout the Italian
capital—from its Cafe society to
its underworld and sometimes the
gap between them was not so large.
For months reporters covering
this campaign have known that Al
lied espionage experts were prac
tically commuting between the
frontlines and Rome. For that
matter, the Germans knew it, too,
but either they couldn’t catch them
or prove it when they occasionally
did'get hold of one of our topnotch
spies.
I know of one such spy who
maintained an apartment in Rome
and a couple of others who had
difficulty explaining—in triplicate—
under expense accounts why hotel
rooms in Rome cost more than
those in Naples.
I know still another—who sat in
the bar of the Grand Hotel sipping
brandy and soda and yawning
while high Nazi officers frantically
packed their bags and pulled but
of Rome.
But still it is hard to believe
such stories—unless you see the
Via Margutta and its facilities for
intrigue.
American and British spies, Ital
ian and Yugoslav partisans, neu
tral Swiss and anti-Fascist Romans
lived here. There are a host of
hideaways in every house and al
most every building has several se
cret exits. The apartment where
Ed Kennedy, A. P. bureau chief
in Italy,, now lives while in Rome
has an escape avenue through the
roof. It leads out over other roofs
and disappears in a maze of tiled
gables and concealing vines.
Also on Via Margutta, the build
ing where A. P. Reporters George
Tucker and Lynn Heinzerling make
their headquarters when in the cap
ital city is similarly equipped for
intrigue. The windows can be used
for lookouts covering every possi
ble public approach to the build
ing or for escape routes. The thick
wooden doors have little iron grill
ed windows in them for identify
ing visitors--reminiscent of prohi
bition speakeasies.
The Germans knew about Via
Margutta. The Gestapo used to
shake the street down regularly
and stage “surprise” raids every
now and then, but the tipoff and
lookout systems usually worked.
By the time Himmler’s hirelings
got inside the houses, everything
was in order—not a questionable
character in sight.
But in between times the voice
which floated down from the win
dows above Via Margutta’s cob
bled street were as apt to be Eng
lish as Italian or German.
Lrovernment Asserts Old Ways
Are Best Ways To Kill Snakes
DI r AAI>U9 J. AALLX
WASHINGTON, Aug. 12—Ml—The
old way* are the best ways for
killing snakes, the government ad
vised today,brushing off frog-bait
ed snares and mustard gas as just
passing fads.
A new bulletin on reptile eradi
cation concedes that successsomc
times attends other methods, such
as poling a helping of poison
down a snake burrow with “a
long-handled spoon.”
It should be pointed out that a
snake has to be downright ornery
to get on the fish and wildlife
service blacklist. The bulletin says
some pretty nice things about gar
ter-snakes, which belie their name
by eating mice and grasshoppers;
the bull snake, which is rough on
rats, and the little red-bellied stor
eria bccipitomaculata, which dotes
on garden slugs. Even the deadly
rattlesnake relishes prairie dogs,
the bulletin notes.
Nevertheless, the service takes
the uncompromising stand that
‘‘poisonous snakes have no place<
in a settled country no matter how
in Pennsylvania, with its 35 votes
and also ■ considered a close state.
The recent transportation strike
in Philadelphia is certain to be a
factor in the Nov. 7 balloting. As
serted reason for the strike was
objection employes to the promo
tion to street car conductors of
eight Negroes. A federal grand
jury is now investigating the mat
ter, and certain leaders of each
political party are endeavoring to
place the blame upon the other.
The presiding judge spoke of re
ports that the strike had political
objectives, and similar belief was
expressed by Attorney General
Francis Biddle.
It is a known fact that President
Roosevelt’s chief strength in
Pennsylvania lies in the Congress
of Industrial Organizations and its
vast membership in the state’s
numerous industries. Democratic
Senati/r Joseph Guffey is cham
pion of hte CIO in congress and was
a leader in carrying the Quaker
state for the third term ticket in
1940.
In event that Democratic Chair
man Robert E. Hannegan and his
cohort* should succeed in throw-1
ing both New York and Pennsyl-1
vania into the Roosevelt - Truman I
column, veteran Washington news-1
papermen concede that there will;
be a fourth term.
Denelieial their food habits.
“So far as Is known,” the service
said, “only one method of eradi
cating i sgenerally successful, and
that is to kill them by clubbing or
shooting.”
Not that other systems haven’t
been given a fair shake. Tear gas,
phosgene gas and chlorine were
injected into a cave full of snakes
near San Marcos, Texas, and the
slithery cave-dwellers had a hearty
laugh at the scientists. However,
the bulletin reports that when’
mustard gas was pumped into
laVa crevices in Washington state,
“the snakes were driven out in a
dazed condition.”
“It is difficult to induce a snake
to enter a trap,” the publication
states, "For it has no fixed trails
and lacks inquisitiveness.”
UTILITY BEEF
TO BE CHEAPER
WASHINGTON, Aug. 12 —(AO—
Housewives will be able to buy
point-free cuts of utility beef and
lamb for as much as 20 cents less
than the same cuts of top grades
of beef and lamb beginning tomor
row, the Office of Price Adminis
tration anounced today.
Other cuts of the utility beef and
lamb will average about 12 cents
less than similar cuts of better
grades of meat, OPA said.
Hamburger, however, is the
same price for all grades, OPA
explained.
Utility is Grade C meat which
comes from grass-fed cattle which
have been fed little or no concen
trated grain. The meat can be
distiguished by an attached thin
layer of yellow, butter-color fat,
and it does not have interspresion
of thin streaks of fat in the lean,
OPA said.
■Shank stew meat 20 cents, pot
chuck roast 24,10-inch rib 27, round
steak 31, sirloin steak 30.
-V
ORDINANCE DEFERRED
NEW BERN, Aug. 12 — New
Bern s proposed ordinance against
indecent dress for women and girls
over 10 years of age is being de
ferred until similar laws have been
obtained from other towns. The
proposed ordinance provides a fine
of $10 for any female over 10 years
of age who is not fully clothed
from h,er shoulders # to her knee
when she appears on city streets.
. .1
JAPS MENACED
BY NEW BASES
SOUTHEAST ASIA COMMAND
HEADQUARTERS, Kandy, Ceylon,
Aug. 12—UP)—Wide possibilities for
the destruction of the most im
portant Japanese installations in
the conquered colonies of South
east 4sia have been opened with
the establishment of a Super Bomb
er base in the Southeast Asia Com
mand territory, unveiled with this
week’s smashing B-29 raid against
Palembang on Sumatra.
The growing importance of the
Twentieth bomber command’s huge
flying destroyers in the strategic
picture of the far Eastern war
was highlighted by the destruction
at Palembang one of the largest
refinery producing bulk aviation
gasoline for the Japanese.
Extension of the range of the
B-29s in a southeasterly arc from
the netv roost endangers the most
vital Japanese production reser
voirs at a time the enemy can
least afford their elimination.
Through the two years since their
seizure, the enemy has been busily
employed exploiting Thailand, Indo
China, Malaya and the Netherlands
Indies. Allied photographers have
brought back evidence that the Jap
anese have rebu lt and expanded
production facilities on which they
have depended to maintain supply
of both the home and war fronts.
Location of these production fa
cilities in the hinterland easfed the
strain of shipping, which has been
decimated by the American sub
marine campaign. The short haul
from the colonial production cen
ters to the fronts has compensated
somewhat for the deadly subma
rine attrition.
Allied naval strikes have hit
coastal installations but have been
unable to reach inland factories.
Now, however, the super-bombers
operating from the southeast Asia
command base can reach produc
tion centers previously safe.
The smashing of such centers
as Palembang makes it necessary
for the Japanese to ship raw ma
terials to factories in Japan. The
series of pinpoint raids by the su
per-bombers on specific industrial
targets suggests that the Twen
tieth bomber command is proceed
ing with a systematic, piece-rr^al
destruction of industrial outposts
-—V
All the blood in your body, has
to go through your lung* 200 times
each day.
Interpreting
The War
By KIRKE L. simpson
Associated Press War Analyst
Ominous developments forn
many and Japan alike marked7
mid-August week-end not Z he
lire b„,l, ft„„« >> «
across the Pacific, but deem?
hind the fighting lmes where
ter medicine in ever increJ '
doses is being Russian and At 1
brewed for the foe. d Alled
There could be left litUe do„,(
m the minds of the military l„?
ers at both ends of the now ,a ‘
tered, ragged Nazi-Nipponese av!
that in both zones the war J *
building up to decisive crises Th*
day when Germany and J a n a
alike will be stripped of their ter"
ritorial loot, and will be besie-ed
within their lairs is no lono?r L
tant. s
Clear
That was sufficiently clear on the
war maps as they stood this week,
end. It showed up in the still bah
looning Allied drive in France that
has doubled, redoubled and redoti.
ble again the pressure on Get',
many from the west.
It was to be read into Allied re.
ports from Italy that told of the
Germans withdrawing all their
forces from Florence. The signs
were plain there not only that Gen
eral Alexander, Allied field com.
mander, was shifting and readjust
ing his forces for an assault on
the mountain - backed German
Gothic defense line; but that jhe
Mediterranean c a m p a i g n was
about to expand.
There were hints of impending
French - Allied action along the
south coast of France to worry the
harassed Nazi foe. There were
growing intimations, too, that Al.
lied power might be preparing ti
capitalize on Turkey's break with
Germany, to strike into the Bal
kan peninsula.
Both high Allied commanders In
Europe have shifted their head
quarters to the continent. General
Eisenhower has left Britain to set
up his supreme command post in
France. General Wilson has closed
out in Algiers and moved io Italy
taking with him the command
strings that run not only to Alex
ander’s victorious legions but io
powerful and long inactive British
empire forces no longer needed in
Africa, Egypt. Irun and Iraq.
His jurisdiction extends also t*
Free French divisions still in Al
geria, on Sardinia and Corsica. It
touches Allied commando and air
units cooperating with Balkan pa
triots in action against the com
mon foe. Wilson’s transfer to Italy
looms as no less significant than
Eisenhower’s move to France,
Both moves foreshadow new and
bold expansions of the attack on
Germany from the west and south
to match the tremendous new trip
le Russian threat against her :n
the east reaching all the way from
the Baltic to the Black sea.
Against the background of this
ever-darkening war picture for her
Nazi accomplice in Europe. Japan
must read the portents of the Pa
cific war council at Pearl Harbor,
Roosevelt attended and just dis
closed. It verified the Churcmll
announcement that the war against
Japan no longer need wait upon
the war against Germay for <
men and material to drive it#
full speed to a victorious conclu
sion.
NEED FOR BOMB
MORE ACUTE N01
■BBKS-f&SSj
need more than 700,000 tons j
high explosives during th ws
this year, beside the 4, M'
dropped on German and JaP
targets since last January *e w
Announcing this t°da>.
department said the Army ^ •
ees dronDed twice as many b ^
during the first half of tms ■
as in the entire period from
7. 1941, day of the Japanes
Harbor attack, to Decen ^
1943. From the time this co t ■
entered the war until as ■
the higfc explosive bomb tonnag
totaled 677.012. , t
In the European thea e
there was a 500 per cent i Jjp
in .the bomb tonnage betwe i
uarv and June this yea ■
of 405.212 tons gome down fl,
tinental targe's in that i ■
that total, the 8th and 9th Ai ^
ces operating out of En» a ^
from Normandy fields d’. -J? nean
402 ons. with the Mediterran ^
based forces accounting ^
balance. Explaining the ■ jr(,
ward revision in bom ^
ments during the last lev- aif
Brig. Gen. R. C. C™PIand'
ordnance officer, said ot.
“We have met less tW,
position than we origin- . ^
ed. and our attacks on the
aircraft industry have j,ee;
successful. Our losses r‘_ vej
lighter, and. owing to L"pn abl«
sighting devices, we have ^
fo bomb successfully un - arj
range of weather condition *
hence have been able
more missions." „dded, *
In the Pacific. ^
“unique situation" deve P ^
the rapid advances an ^
acquisition of addition;! a e$.
This meant that more - , js
plosive bombs were reg
that theater. j
In addition to the increa
for more high explosive • p
the Pacific theater, tnert' _ ■ ^
mediate need for 50.000 f " ]„j,.
;endiary bombs—approx' - •
100,000 Individual bombs-*
area.

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