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By The Wilmington Star-News S. B. Page, Owner end Publisher Entered aa Second Claia Matter at Wilming* toe. N. C.. Pcstoffice Under Act of Congre** Nortn Carolina’* Oldest Dally Newspaper Published Daily Except Sunday of March 3. 1879. SUBSCRIPTION RATES BY CARRIER IN NEW HANOVER COUNTY Payable Weekly or In Advance Combl Ttme Star News nation 1 Week .. -8 -30 I 25 I 50 1 Month ............. 1.30 1.10 2.15 5 Months —-- 3.90 8.25 6.50 6 Months- 7.80 6.60 13.00 l Year . 15.60 13.00 26.00 By Mail: Payable Strictly in Advance 3 Months .6 2.50 $ 2.00 f 3.85 6 Months .. 5.00 4.00 7.70 1 Year . 10.00 8.00 15.40 4>iews rates entitle subscriber to Sunday issue of Star-News)_ ""When remitting by mail please use check or U. S P. O. money order. The Star-News cannot be responsible for currency sent through the mails.___ MEMBER THE ASSOCIATED PRESS With confidence in our armed force# with the unbounding determination of our people — we will gain the invltable triumph — so help us God. —Roosevelt’s War Message. ' SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 9, 1944. Our Chief Aim To aid in every way the prosecution of (be war to complete Victory. TOP OF THE MORNING If His hand in wisdom closes every avenue there is To the service you would render, don’t for get the work is His. Do not fret and lose your patience. If He bids you sit and wait; In His own kind, loving manner. He will open another gate. CALENDAR. The Road To Berlin (By The Associated Press) 1— Russian front; 312 miles (from out-side Pulutsk). 2— Western front: 362 miles (from Breda, Netherlands). 3— Southern France: 510 miles (from Ar bois). ' 4— Italian front: 585 miles (from Riccione Marina). -V-— V-Day Thanksgiving With the purpose of encouraging the public to celebrate Victory day in thanksgiving, in stead of revelry as on Armistice day in 1918, Wilmington pastors plan to hold two services, provided the sirens sound off in signal of Germany’s surrender at a time appropriate for opening their churches. Presumably if news of the capitulation comes in the dead of night services will be conducted the following day. This manner of observing the end of hostili ties in Europe will mark a long stride for ward in public behavior in comparison with the baccanalian celebration that marked the end of the former World war. The pubic is to be urged to devote the waking hours im mediately following Hitler’s overthrow in sober gratitude to the God of battles who will have given us a large share in the victory, and in meditation of the problems remaining to be solved. u is aiso to De rememDerea tnat victory in Europe will not bring an end to this war. It will but mark the end of one phase only. Vic tory will still have to be won over the Japa nese, who will go on fighting in desperation as long as they have a gun to fire. And this final phase of the battle of liberation for the world from the despots who set out to rule the earth witli fire and sword will be as gruel ling and costly as any of the battles in Europe, despite the fact that the United States and Britain will be free to concentrate their full strength upon it. Secretary of the Navy Forrestall has point ed out that the loss of some fifty major bases by the Japanese is to their advantage in that they no longer have to supply forces at a great distance but may provide supplies, equip ment, protection only in areas close to their homeland. Furthermore, says Mr. Forrestall, the Japanese have strengthened their air force with planes of exceptional fighting power and maneuverability. When time comes to launch • the full attack against Japan itself Allied forces will meet much stiffer opposition than in the campaigns that have brought them so close to Japan’s inner defense ring. This being so. it will be especially appro priate for the American public not to confuse ■urrender in Europe with final victory. And even when Japan is defeated there will still remain the tremendous problem of maintain ing the peace in all quarters, a task upon which the leading nations arrayed against Hitler and Hiohito are at work with, at best, indifferent success. When V-day comes, therefore, it will behoove everybody to celebrate it by seeking guid ance for the times ahead. There can be no reasonable excuse for revelry. -v Finish the Job This Time The battle of Germany has begun. It is a new chapter in a history which has been re peating itself at an accelerated rate, with sons of the doughboys of the first AEF rolling al most unopposed over ground where their fathers fought and died to gain a few yards. Now that history has run past the point where it ended in World War 1. It is well for the world and for Germany that this is happening. It is time that the Ger man people saw and felt the scourge of war which their armies have loosed upon Europe twice in a generation. Perhaps if they had seen and felt It In 1918 this present wai would not have come. But the German people did not see the breakup of their military machine on their verj doorstep. Thus the Kaiser’s armies were able to straggle home in a semblance of order, at least enough for Hitler to be able to put across his myth that the war had been lost at home, not in the field. World War I was lost in the field, and three months before the armistice. It was then that the general staff lost heart, went on the de fensive, and urged the government to seek peace. Many military historians believe there was considerable fight left in the German army at the end. But its general staff prefer red to quit and save the homeland from dev astation. Certainly the German military situation was desperate- and no one can blame the Allies for ending the struggle. The cost in lives had been frightful. Even those who saw that Ger many needed a further lesson could not deny a world that was weary and longed for peace. Today germany's situation is again perilous. In many ways it is worse than at this time in 1918, when the Germans were fighting on only one front and their allies were still in the war. But Adolf Hitler is not a Ludendorff or a Hindenburg. He knows that he is hated and doomed. And conscience has made him more desperate than cowardly. Though the end may come quickly, it is certain that if Hitler re mains in power he will try to drag Germany down with him in a bloody and lingering- strug gle. — There will be a tragic cost of American and Allied soldiers’ lives to be paid in the battle of Germany. But it is a sacrifice that must be made to erase from German minds the poisonous thought that they are invincible and inviolate. Postwar Slump and Boom Many persons and research organizations are busily working on the greatest jigsaw puz zle of the times—postwar slump and boom. At the best, opinions, individually and col lectively, are strictly speculation. They do not know what lies ahead and draw their conclu sions not only from previous similar, but much smaller, experiences and from certain trends they believe they see at present. Richard L. Stout, writing in the Christian Science Monitor, first saying that in the pres ent mood of Congress the government will probably not do a great deal about curbing the boom ‘‘no matter whether it’s President Dewey or President Roosevelt.” recklessly (it's his own word) sets down a calendar of coming events, based on Dr. E. J. Howen stine’s study for the American Council on Public Affairs, called The Economics of De mobilization. Briefly, the calendar is this: 1944, German war ends. Reconversion recession starts: 1945, Japanese war ends. Reconversion reces sion mixed with reviving business; 1946, the boom starts — if it hasn’t sooner; 1946-1951 the boom lasts. It may last ten years, econom ists say, if it is nursed along a bit. And then? The big enigma. Mr. Stout adds: ‘I ought to say immediately that I don’t know this is going to happen,and and neither does Dr. Howenstine.” Another calendar is offered by the United Business Service of Boston. It does not include such a long-range view as Dr. Howenstine’s, but is more specific on separate phases of business and investment prospects following V-day. In reproducing it here, we again caution readers to remember that the future is beyond mortal prognostication, says the fore cast: Production — A 35-40 per cent decline in war production under the impact of ex tensive contract cancellations. This will mean about a 25 per cent drop in total industrial activity as measured by the Federal Reserve Index. Reconversion — The “green light” for extensive switchback will be flashed prompt ly following Germany’s collapse. Reconversion, for the most part, will be accomplished within three to six months after V-day, but it will take some time thereafter to reach real volume out put and restock dealers. First noticeable in creases in civilian supplies will be in foods, shoes, apparel, and other nondurable goods where producers .have no real reconversion problems. Average person will probably not be able to buy a new car until late 1945 or early 1946. Labor Shortage. - Will quickly give way to surpluses after Germany quits. Close to five million jobless are forecast within six months of the end of the war in Europe. Labor troubles will increase as unions press for an nual wages and higher hourly rates to offset loss of overtime pay. Controls — Will be retained, but will be eased progressively as conditions permit. Food rationing will probably be largely ended with in six months of V-day in Europe. Gas rations will be increased in the East and Midwest fairly soon after Germany falls, but West Coast faces continued tight restrictions due to in creasing Pacific war needs. Prices — End of German phase will bring considerable unsettlement for a while until inventory positions, surplus question, and post war needs can be gauged. However, no mark ed general decline is likely due to continued big industrial costs and government support pro grams. Long-pull price trend will continue to be upward under Influence of inflationary forces. Retail Sales — WilJ slacken moderately for a while due to war worker layoffs, loss of overtime pay, and general job uncertainty. However, huge pent up demand tor autos, re ■ frigerators, radios, and other peacetime goods —backed by record $100 billion in accumulated savings — will soon lift retail sales again, and ultimately bring a free-spending period that will exceed current wartime peaks. Taxes — Some reduction in corporate rates (probably a cut in the excess profits levy) will be made soon after Germany goes down. However, complete elimination of the EPT and any substantial cut in individual rates are out of the picture until the Jap war is also con cluded. Inflation — Inflationary forces will con tinue to mount, but controls will prevent more than a moderate price rise at least until after Japan is defeated. Chief threat of infla tion will come after Both wars are over, but even then only a moderate amount is forecast in view of huge, domestic producing capacity. Earnings — Will not decline m proportion to the reconversion dip in production due to the cushioning effects of tax carry-back and EPT provisions. The Service forecasts a con tinuation of the bull market in stocks after Germany collapses—subject to normal inter mediate reactions. The market, however, will be highly selective in the immediate postwar period as the result of varying individual peacetime prospects. -V* Rare Combination For a time the relative status of Field Mar shal Sir Bernard Montgomery and Lieut. Gen. Omar Bradley threatened to grow into one of those unpleasant situations which, through no fault of the principals, involves interna tional jealousies, snubs and hard feelings. But General Eisenhower has dispelled the threats with an explanation in which modesty, tact and self-effacing bestowal of credit were mas terfully blended. The smiling Kansan is not only a great gene ral. He is a great diplomat. And that is a rare combination to be admired and treasured. i ~ :----i rair Enough (Bditor’f Note.—The Stir and the Now* accept ao responsibility for tbe personal views of Mr. Pagler ind often disagree with them as much as many of his readers. His articles serve the good purpose of making people think. BY WESTBROOK PEGLER NEW YORK— Tex Rickard sometimes ad mitted that, among the veterans of the Alaskan gold rush who chilled the very marrows of their friends with stories of hardship and ran cid blubber, there were some of the most imaginative liars on earth. Men who, as rest less youngsters, had fared north for adventure and gold, had taken a few whiffs of the brisk winter air and thereafter had holed up in saloons as bartenders, dealers, sweepers and con-men, never far out of the warm pre sence of the iron stoves and had taken the hardships of the trail by proxy. Yet. in later years, when their company had been thinned out, survivors of that place and time, by common consent, would corroborate one another’s stories of Chilblain the frozen vastness and men who had suffered no worse than occasional lack of room-rent would in vent perils and sufferings to curl the hair of city friends who could interpose no very solid doubt merely because they hadn’t been there. Ben Stolberg, a small and mocking skeptic of the left-wing, the biographer of personalities of the foreign-American union-political move ment, invites similar disillusionment concern ing the revolutionary adventures of such pack age-goods heroes under the Czar. For many years native Americans nave heard with hor ror and sympathy tales of exile to Siberia and of enormous bravery in suffering, all for their ideals which in view of their frequent, savage disagreements in the land of opportun ity, seem not to have been alike except to the extent that they unanimously oppose any system which they, individually, cannot boss. Of David Dubinsky, whom he admires emotionally, Mr. Stolbery writes in his infor mative work, Tailor’s Progress, that Dave, though sentenced to Siberia, actually was allow ed to escape before he even reached his desti nation. The Czarist government, he reveals, paid the penal authorities nine kopecks a dav fnr __i.__ • , . - -- Vi vuv.it VV11Y1V.I auu U1C jailors “often abetted the escape of prisoners in order to pocket this allowance.’’ “Which explains.” Mr. Stolberg says, "why so many revolutionary figures made seeming ly miraculous escapes from Siberia.” Dubinsky, moreover, bribed one og his guards with his spare clothing and was allow ed to walk away. He reached, without too great distress, his native Lodz and, about a year later, landed in New York. He promptly joined the Socialist party, Mr. Stolberg says, and, a year later, “was soap-boxing all over the east side.” Earlier, Dave had spent a year and a half in the Lodz local prison, if the hero himself does not exaggerate, but even there Mr. Stol berg says, his life was made easier by a contribution of three rubles a month from his father to the warden, who seems to have had a good job. “That didn’t mean,” Dubinsky said, “that he escaped the terrible beatings which all of us had to take.” to which, however, I might offer the observation that, at 52, Mr. Dubinsky is still a very solid and healthy man, bearing no visible scars of this abuse. Of Sidney Hillman, whom he disapproves with a joyous personal detestation, Mr. Stol berg paints a picture even less heartrending, citing Hillman’s friendly Communist biog raphers. who had him on a proletarian com mittee, which "seized” his native town of Za gere, Lithuania, and made him the hero of six or eight months in the Dvinsk prison, Stol berg says: first, that Zagere never was "seiz ed” by any proletarian committee, and that a number of other refugees never heard of him as an active fighter in the 1905 revolution. To squeal on Sidney Hillman and discredit him may seem to violate the Alaskan tradition; but, as I told you, the gold rush veterans did not always hang together. Mr. Richard, in cer tain moods, would deflate the adventures of some of his contemporaries and Jack Kearns, the manager of Jack Dempsey, who also was there, sometimes remembers that the heroes of great adventures never wore any thing but store clothes. -V If, after Versailles, pur high hopes gave way to disillusionment, it was not because our lead ers betrayed us or even because they were outwitted by the wily Europeans. It was we the people who tossed away our golden op portunity last time in favor of the fool’s gold of isolationism.—Dr. Everett Case, Colgate University president. M “War Every Twenty-Five Years” 1 With The AEF Allies Use Backdoor Into Nice Ernie Pyle, as he announced a few days ago, is returning to the. United States for a long.needed and well deserved rest. Until he resumes his eolumn, this space will contain Kenneth L. Dixon’s column with the AEF.—The Editor: By KENNETH L. DIXON NICE, France, Sept. 1. (Delay ed)— (JP) —- The fall of Nice, Frances fifth largest city, prov ed that Hitler’s “Fortress Eu ripe’’ is not withstanding Al lied assaults because he still is relying on fixed defenses. The story of Nice is the story of Singapore, Hongkong, Corre gidor and the Maginot line in reverse. Those fell while the Axis was winning and they fell despite heavy defenses be cause their protective guns and bulwarks faced only one way. The major general of the commanding troops which cap tured Nice with comparatively few casualties said it was the most heavily defended site he had seen in the entire theatre. But all the ramparts, big guns, concrete emplacements, barb ed wire entanglements, steel spikes — on which the dough boys were expected to impale themselves—and all the per manent defenses were poipted only on way. Coast Guard To Sell SO Horses Sept. 19 Sale of approximately 50 horses that have been used by the U. S. Coast Guard in patrolling t h e beaches of this vicinity, will be held at the Legion Stadium, Sep tember 19, Lieut. George A. Garey announced today. The time of the sale will be an nounced later. According to Lieut. Garey, all of the horses are in excellent condi tion. About one - half of them are combination draft and saddle horses, and the others are well broken saddle horses. -V Daily Prayer FOR MORAL CLEANNESS O, most pure and holy God, who callest all Thy children to walk in ways of righteousness and purity, and whose word assures us that sin will be punished in this pres ent life and in the aeons which Thou hast reserved for Thy final purposes, we come pentitently be fore Thee, confessing our sins. We have disobeyed Thine explicit laws. We have done grave dis service to our Country and to the future by our transgressions. We have brought evil upon ourselves and upon our fellows. And we have impaired the peace and joy of our our hearts, which Thou hast promised as a reward to those who obey Thee. God be merciful to us, sinners! Turn us from our loose, low thoughts; amend our sinful practices; impart to us a love of holiness; give us to see that our sinning affronts Thee, and causes Thee to withhold from us promis- 1 ed power and peace. For the sake of Thy Son, who died on Calvary to redeem us from our sins, we ! that Thou wilt hear ’ W.T.E d °Ur Prayer- Amen- 1 They were set to withstand a seaborne assault from the south. Nice was captured by troops who attacked- the bristl ing Riviera playground capital from the northwest. Nice’s defenses were intri cate. Today I saw miles of camouflaged shoreline and buildings painted to resemble cliffs and a long tunnel be tween the port and the Hotel Suisse, which was the German navy headquarters. Hidden statues and disguised land marks faced the shorelines and tank traps and miles of mined, barbed-wire obstacles were on the beaches. The defense included literal ly thousands of foxholes, pill boxes and machinegun posi tions. The Germans even built hundreds of street barricades and concrete walls laid in the middle of streets and painted to look like street extensions—de signed to entice racing vehicles to crash. Joseph Gerald, long-time Nice resident who worked for the American Express company 17 years, said the Italians first started the Nice shore defen ses after the fall of France four years, ago. However, it wasn’t until the Germans took over a year ago that the majority of the intri cate defenses were built. The Nazis closed all beaches to civi lians, leaving only one small section of beach open—and i| served it mostly for swimming for the Germans. The Germans tore down the famed Casino and used the steel framework to make barri cades and tanktraps. They also imbedded huge spikes in the concrete seawall. Behind the concrete they dug foxholes a#id zig-zag trenches. They planted spikes and posts along the beaches to prevent glider land ings. Everything along the coast which was the erstwhile play ground for Cosmopolitans was mined and boobytrapped and camouflaged. The final touch, Gerard point ed out to me laughingly as we walked through' the thickly mined area, was a completely faked little village constructed on a bare spot of the coastline. Down to the last detail—with painted windows and signs on the grocery store—the phoney town was planned to upset Al lied coastline photography. But even that failed. The French underground spotted it and listed it on maps for Al lied intelligence officers. -V HOSPITAL PLANS FILED WITH FWA Complete plans and specifica tions for the proposed $80,000 ser vice building for James Walker Memorial hospital have been filed with the Federal Works Agency’s regional office in Richmond, and indications are that FWA approval for the project will be granted, it was learned yesterday from hos pital authorities and Archtiect Leslie M. Boney. Much of the data was submitted to Richmond three weeks ago, but the last of the specifications went forward yesterday. Work on the plans has been under way for several months, but some changes in the arrangements have recently been effeAed. The building planned is a two story brick and concrete structure. The first floor of the service unit will include kitchens and din ing rooms for nurses’ helpers — the non-professional staff — both white and Negro; and storage rooms. On the second floor will be located the hospital kitchen; the dietitians office; three cold-storage units; and a large dining room for the main professional staff. The service unit is expected to improve food-handling facilities at the local institution, where, due to crowded conditions, food prepa ration has constituted a problem for sometime. 1 he Literary Lruidepost By JUtiiN SELBY Some useful late summer books— Books about the weather have an unfair advantage, because they cry for illustration, and inevitably the illustrations are pictures of clouds. These make the book look both handsome and dramatic. Hugh Duncan Grant has not at tempted to make forecasters of the laymen who will read his “Cloud and Weather Atlas,” but he has tried to include such weather in dications as will be useful to avi ators, sailors, farmers and such, rhe book is a guide to the weather and a sourcebook of the meteor ologist’s somewhat involved and difficult nomenclature. "(Coward McCann; $7.50C The third in Farrar Kinehart’s series of books on labor in Amer ca today is “The Printing rrades.” As most people know, the orinting unions are among the most successful in all labor, and their listory is in a peculiar sense mique: they are probably closest o the cultural life of America of ill labor, since their field is the basis on which all publishing stands. Jacob Loft has written the book, which considers the various employers’ associations as well as the printing unions directly. (Far rar Rinehart; $3) One of the first surveys of an other extremely important field is Compass of the World,” which in spite of its needless complication of form, is certainly a useful popu lar approach to a problem that needs illumination. The war has forced the public to look at the world through new eyes, as Hans W. Weigert and Vilhjalmur Stef ausson have seen. Shrinking the world sets up new strains, makes a new diplomacy necessary, forces an understanding, perhaps an over estimation of the potentialities of air power. Messrs. Weigert and Steffansson have tried to bring to gether short articles by numerous authorities and give the non-scien tific reader a fair idea of political geography. There are 28 of these writers. A sentence, expressing their joint idea might read- "His is geography set in motion.” (Macmillan; $3.50). Interpreting TheWar BY KIRKE L. SI>iPSOn Associated Press War Analyst Masked by an Allied front', news blackout, General* hower’s armies are lining J d the North sea o he Swiss md,T a breakhrough lunge againJJ0' many’s western frontiers ed_ by a synchronized ’ RUss; drive in Poland it could be beginning of the end o' the * in Europe. ‘ e Wjf Nazi frontiers and «*=„„■ defense walls are merely tions on the Russian-Allied Lt' map this time. Both Aussian ! Allied sources have said the this time will come only w,5 Berlin has been reached b- Unit'” Nations armed power. There !/5 be no halting on bridgehead the Rhine or the Oder leg ,r of German action. S rd‘ess The unconditional surrender 41 lied edict to the foe, voiced at p-‘ ablanca, has been underscored witn a solemn exchange of r, sian and Allied commitm" t,' against anything less than that for the common foe. It seems that the new Ailed news blackout on immediate W line developments reported frJ Snnreme . Ir0l,> spired by two circumstances £ is the highly probable junctioa of Third and Seventh army patroI* somewhere in the Nancy'. Belf^; area, not as yet acknowledged of ficially but strongly indicated h, press advices from the southern invasion theater. Whether it Sllt, ceeds in trapping the broken Ger man 19th army seeking escan. through the Belfort gap 0r not arrival of Patch’s Seventh armi in force in the upper Rhine sector to complete the Allied investment from the sea to the Alps is es sential for the next major sisen. hower move. The other explanation of the re newed Allied news blackout links with that. It means that the A!, lied command is satisfied that the foe is having to fight the war blind, ly. He has neither sufficient air force to maintain effective ob servation patrol of Allied rear communications nor the aid of friendly inhabitants of the far flung battle theater at this critl cal stage to keep him informed of Allied intentions. PARI , MAILING DATEANNOUNCED Wilmingtonians were reminded yesterday by postal authorities the mailing of Christmas parcels to overseas military personnel start! September 15, and must be com pleted within a 30-day period. The limited mailing period will assure delivery of the Yuletide gifts to the most remote corner ol the globe, officials said, as they urged more care in wrapping and packing parcels, making them se cure, and in addressing them clearly and correctly. I These suggestions were offered about the handling of packages: The address of the sender and addressee should be written inside the parcel as well as outside to assure delivery in case the out side wrapper is lost. Containers made of metal, wood or fiberloid are preferable. Parcels must not exceed five pounds, nor be more than 15 inch es in length or 36 inches in length and girth combined. “Christmas parcel’’ should hi marked plainly on the outside. One sender may mail no more than one parcel a week to tht same addressee. Perishable goods, intoxicants, in flammable materials and anything that may damage other mail may not be sent. Sharp instrument! must be protected carefully. -V Salisbury Teachers Given Raise In Pty SALISBURY, Sept. 8-'T>-A uni form supplement of $16 per montn, added to the salaries of teacl.eis, principals, and the superintenden of the city school system during the coming year was decided on by the school board in called ses sion last night. The decision followed discussion at this and previous meetings o* upward salary adjustment, one o. the purposes for which a tax sup plement was voted in the city a* fall. Two plans were considered, one a graduated raise based professional raining and expert ence, and the other a uniform in crease, the plan adopted. 25 Years Ago Today (FROM THE FIFES OF THE STAR-NEWS) SEPTEMBER 9, *918 PARIS, — The Eiffel Tower ha* become “demobilized" and again become one of the p.'!, ular places of amusement in ”a I. C. Wright, Esq. returned Boston, where he attended meeting of the American Bar sociation there this week. - ' Wright who accompanied tnw. turned by Greensboro, to visit » relatives before coming home. Mr. and Mrs. W. G. Jarnes an|| :hildren have returned from « • lersonville, where they have « ipending several weeks.