Newspaper Page Text
Published Daily Except Sunday By The Wilmington Star-News North Carolina's Oldest Daily Newspaper X. B. Page, Owner end Publisher Entered as Second Class Matter at Wilminf ton, N. C„ Pcstoffice Under Act of Congres of March 3. 1878. SUBSCRIPTION RATES BY CARRIER IN NEW HANOVER COUNTY Payable Weekly or In Advance Combi Time Star News natioi 1 Week..$ .30 | .25 $ .5 1 Month _ 1.30 1.10 2.1 8 Months _ 3.80 1.25 6.5 • Months_ 7.80 C.S0 13.0 1 Year . 15.60 13.00 26.01 By Mail: Payable Strictly in Advance 1 Months _$ 2.50 8 2.00 8 3.8 6 Months .. 5.00 4.00 7.71 1 Year . 10.008.00 15.4 (News rates entitle subscriber to Sunday issu< of Star-News) When remitting by mail please use checi or U. S. P. O. money order. The Star-Newi cannot be responsible for currency seiv through the mails. MEMBER THE ASSOCIATED PRESS With confidence in our armed forces— with the unbounding determination of our people — we will gain the Invltable triumph — so help us God. —Roosevelt’s War Message. THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 14, 1S44. Our Chief Aim To aid in every way the prosecution of the war to complete Victory._ TOP OF THE MORNING Nothing in all the realm of human thought causes more life failures than men who give great weight to impressions and treat them as if they were near facts. . . Men of practical Imagination value facts as precious truth, and give no standing to impressions until they are proven up and become facts. From “The Romance of Christianity.” \7 _!_ The Road To Berlin (By the Associated Press) 1. — Russian front: 312 miles (from outside Pulutsk). 2. —Western front: 319 miles (from east of Eupen). 3. —Eastern France: 443 miles (from be tween Besancon and Belfort*. 4. —Italian front: 583 miles (from below Rimini). Shipbuilding To Go On Announcement by the North Carolina Ship building Company that its present contracts assure another year’s operations is not only heartening but timely in that it should bring an end to the idle rumors that have been traveling up and down the town in recent months that operations at the yard would come to an end with Hitler’s defeat. It has frequently been heard within a week that no hammer or other tool used in man ufacturing ships would be heard after the first of November. Now it is made clear by the company’s own statement that there has been no iota of truth in any of the gossip The war in the Orient, says Undersecretary of the Navy Ralph A. Bard, will require a great number of cargo ships of the AKA type now under construction at the Wilmington yard. Instead of making any reduction in the Navy’s program, it is the intention to increase production so that the defeat of Japan may be speeded up through deliveries of supplies, munitions, war tools and men in greater quan tities. In order to assure victory in the Far East In the least possible time ships must be avail able. Having completed the bridge of ships across the Atlantic called for by President Roosevelt when the Axis started out to con quer the world it now becomes necessary to build a similar bridge across the Pacific. The job can be done quickly only with shipyards workirg on Navy contracts expanding, rather than reducing or slowing down production. The shipyard’s announcement ought to serve to stop unfounded rumors in the community, not only concerning ship building but all other actual or contemplated activities. The people have been urged to refrain from spreading reports of war and defense conditions lest the enemy gain valuable information. It is quite as essential also to refrain from gossip about non-military affairs if only to prevent creating false impressions as to the area’s postwar possibilities of development and im provement. -V Rules For The Air * Rapid expansion of airline service from a shoestring adventure to a mature industry, has caught the states and the federal gov ernment flat footed with a tax and regulatory system that threatens the progress of civil aviation. The latest obvious inequity has been revealed by the United States Supreme Couri in a ruling holding that planes of the air lines are subject to double taxation—first ai full value in their home state, and again ir every state through which they operate. The court pointed out that: “It seems more than likely that no solution of the competitior among the states to tax this transportation agency can be devised by the judicial pro cess without legislative help.’’ In the field of regulation, air transport faces equally critical handicaps. Increasing confllci between state and federal authority pertain ing to safety regulations, airport zoning anc numerous other vital matters, confront th« airlines with the possibility that they maj not be able to operate at all in some states In striving to meet these problems before the aviation industry is seriously disrupted the airlines have taken the initiative in pro 4 posing corrective legislation. They are seek ing a sane, unified system of regulation de signed to encourage the growth of civil avi ation and make secure for this country oui position as the world’s number one airpower, The time has arrived when legislative bodies, state and federal, must look to the t requirements of an industry unique in the . history of mankind. In some respects there are no precedents by which to establish rules governing its operation; the speed alone ol . a modern airliner presents certain problems 1 unknown to land transport or to ships upon 5 the sea. The rules under which the airlines ) will live and grow, carrying the flag of the j United States to every corner of the earth, - must be formulated fairly and promptly. -V Invasion From Belgium American forces are rolling steadily nearer Germany’s principal industrial area, the Rhine | land. The movement is so fast there is no ; means of knowing how near they have come at this moment, but when this was being typed powerful U. S. reinforcements were with in thirty - seven miles of the Rhine with units of the First Army well within the German I frontier, having entered the Reich from Lux embourg and from Belgium east of Eupen. The target, of course, is Berlin for these forces, as for all Allied troops, but on the way they have the Rhineland and the Rhur basin as immediate objectives. Invasion from the Belgian border between the southern tip of Holland and the northern line of Luxem bourg brings into the range - finders on Ameri can guns important cities which have served Hitler well. Their capture will cut off major sources of war supplies and materials for the Nazi armies. The border town of Aachen serves as a con venient point for making a natural division of the strip of Germany lying west of the Rhine, and bounded on the north by the elbow of the river crooked westward into the Netherlands, and on the south by the tributary Mosel flow ing northeastward from France. A line drawn from the town to the Rhine, about 40 air miles to the east, would roughly break this 140 - mile north-to-south strip of Germany into two distinct regions—plains in the north, high lands in the south. Belgium’s Ardennes plateau continues into Germany’s Fifel hills and their outlying ranges. Heights push up to 2500 feet. Most important rivers, apart from the Rhine and the Mosel, are the Ahr, the Erf, and he Niers. Between the western frontiers and the Rhine, many of the towns and villages serve only as market places for the countryside. More signi ficant to the -Allies, some of Germany’s im portant industrial cities are situated in this ' area. Among them are Stolberg. near Aachen, producer of metal wares; Munchen-Gladbach, ' cotton spinning and iron foundry town; and Krefeld, which in peacetime made silks and velvets along with steel. A network of roads and railways provides easy access to the Rhine cities of Koblenz at | the junction of the Mosel, Bonn, Cologne (Koln), Dusseldorf. and Duisburg. From Koblenz to Bann, 30 air miles to the north, the river is narrowed by the steep faces of the Eifel ridges. Summits are crowned with ruined castles, and gentler slopes are covered with vineyards— source of Rhine wines. After passing the clus ter of heights known as the Seven Mountains, just south of Bonn, the river and its valley again widen. From Cologne, 15 miles north of Bonn, the Rhine sweeps through low. level country, turning westward by easy curves across Germany into the Netherlands. Key city and chief market place of the Rhineland is Cologne, normally a metropolis of 760,000 people. Its acres of factories became one of Germany’s greatest arsenals. Its docks and airports have repeatedly figured as Allied targets. -V Time To Get In The Game Among the more ominous delusions in con nection with the brave new world after peace which must be dispelled is that it may be possible to create a millennial situation in which all peoples and nations will deal with each other on a wholly frank and equitable basis. The country that is foolish enough to hold this view is destined to lose its birth right for less than a mess of pottage. The postwar world will be characterized. just as the prewar world was, by competi tion in commerce and diplomacy, with the craftiest traders gaining the ascendency. This is something the United States, its people and government, must recognize and be prepared to meet, or inevitably it will be shoved aside despite the fact that when peace comes it will have the greatest industrial pro duction and reserve output in the world. This nation has been so accustomed to play ing the part of Samaritan to the world, giving freely of its substance and resources, it may be hard to convince the dreamers that be sides being a source of charity and relief for all peoples it must also safeguard its inter ests against infringement if it is to occupy its proper place in world affairs. What seems to be needed is the same git up-and-git attitude that once made the Ameri. can clipper master of the seas in commerce and a little more of the spirit of Old Hick ory in world diplomacy. It would be to our advantage to paraphrase Washington' s- view about preparing for war in times of peace to say “in time of war prepare for trade.” If we fail to do something of the sort, we’ll be left holding the bag, and it will be an empty one, when the world is ready to return tc normalcy again. Lend-Lease Inventory The suggestion of Reps. Kart E. Mundt of South Dakota and James P. Richards of South Carolina, now in London for the House Foreign Affairs Committee, that an inventory of Lend Lease be taken immediately upon the surren der of Germany is well advised. If it is taken then, the figures will be of great value for determining what deductions may be made and where deliveries may be curtailed or halted and what types of goods should be continued to be shipped in the in terest of speeding recovery. While Lend-Lease has seemed to be the best means available for fitting out our Al lies for victory, the cost has been heavy and must be borne by American taxpayers for many years to come. There can be no rea sonable excuse to continue this drain one min ute longer than actual need exists. By taking stock when the fighting ceases i in Europe the nation will be in advantageous position not only to trim the cost but see what more can be done about repayment by beneficiary nations, which was contemplated when Lend-Lease was instituted. (Editor's Not*.—Th* Star and th* Newo aceept ao responsibility (or th* personal Tiesrs of Mr. P'rflet, and often dissfre* with them as much as many of his readers. His articles serre th* food nnrpos* of makinf people think.. By WESTBROOK PEGLER Copyright, 1944, King Features Syndicate, Inc. DES MOINES, Iowa.—As Tom Dewey moves into the west, passing through areas where, on every hand, the opportunity for real jobs can be seen from the train windows, he shows that he has scrapped the method and the po litical psychology of Hoover and Landon and Willkie. For the first time President Roosevelt has been set on the defensive and it will be no ticed that the speeches and the propaganda of the new deal press this time consist almost entirely of counter-punching. Hoover was de fensive and slighly querulous, Landon was a sincere and amiable lightweight who was over matched and Willkie's theme was that even if Roosevelt was a good President it were better to accept a successor of doubtful ability than to let the good man have a third term, not that he doubted his ability. Dewey’s proposition, stated with such mod esty as is possible in any man offering his services for the greatest job in the world and arguing his qualifications in detail, is that President Roosevelt has turned in a spectcu lar failure, in domestic management and that he could do the job better. The original de pression, or panic, generally but unfairly, charged to Mr. Hoover’s failures, for it came only seven months after his inauguration, has receded into history and millions of voters and fighting men of the present day were so young when Mr. Roosevelt took over that they remember the Roosevelt depression better And, to refresh their memory and to sug gest, on the basi* of past performances, what Mr. Roosevelt would have in store for them, Dewey has sounded again the startling chal lenge that he voiced in his acceptance speech in Chicago, “Do we have to have a war to get jobs?" He now has pointed out twice that there were still ten million Americans out of work notwithstanding Mr. Roosevelt’s promises and experiments and then, as he said in Philadelphia, “it took a world war to get jobs for the American people.” In Dewey’s emphasis on the exhaustion, ill temper and bickering of the Roosevelt govern ment he is attacking with a weapon devised by the new deal, itself, in the fight to dis credit and then pack the United States Su preme Court. The retort to the disparagement of Dewey because of his youth presents itself in the recent photographs of the President, revealing a haggard man who has aged much in the last two years. Although Dewey doubt less would have invited the comparison any way. the new deal propagandists relieved him of any unpleasant responsibility for calling attention to the difference, by their derision of him as a pushful youth. Although Dewey may yet address himself to the fourth term as an issue by itseif, he may deal competently with it by the more concrete method of pointing out the charac ter of the President's political backing in the influential left wing of the new deal party this element frankly repudiates private industry and thi IS \X7nu1r1 nrnmipo _a _ , - A---V JV/UO an plants owned by the government or con trolled by the government after the war. Given four years more, the President, by all precedents, would veer again sharply to the left, would impose even tighter restrictions on the lives of people and on private industry and would relax none of those already in ef fect. Even now all males over seventeen are frozen to their jobs, with a few unimportant classes of exceptions, and may change only by specific permission of the War Manpower Commission. There is neither assurance nor precedent for a belief that Mr. Roosevelt would change this regulation during the next four years. If the war power emergency should dissolve, a peace-time or interim emer gency could intervene for emergencies have been the justification for all such restrictions of individual liberty, and one of the Presi dent’s propagandists recently has suggested that the state of war with Germaaiy be con tinued for a probationary period of possib'y 20 years, a course which obviously could be used to justify the continuance and even the tightening of war controls long after the fight ing stops. The couaitryside, as Dewey passes through, presents even to the casual eye stupendous invitations to work, produce and prosper, ca pable of employing millions of men, and, in the war industries along the railroads, equally impressive demonstrations of the ability of Americans. .Although this enormous war plant, all a monument to the waste of war, was built and put into operation under government auspices, the human efforts were those of a nation of people who developed those talents under the American system. It was to this system that Russia had to appeal for the weapons to save her life. Chicago needs to be rebuilt and delapidation is shockingly apparent everywhere across the country, not only because of the suspension of private industry in the relatively short time since “conversion” but because of inertia and neglect in the long stretch since 1929. On the attack, Dewey charged in Philadel phia that the Roosevelt government had noth ing to promise but another dole. The instant answer of Senator Wagner of New York at the state convention of the CIO. was defen sive, yet affirmative, for Wagner denounced the Republicans in the Senate for defeating the Murray Kilgore bill proposing, not re-em ployment, but another dole. With The AEF Thoughts In An Advance Jeep By KENNETH DIXON WITH THE AEF IN SOUTH ERN FRANCE, Sept. 9—(De layed)— —A reconnaissance jeep carrying three men paus ed a couple of hundred yards from the next bend in the winding, forest-shaded road. It headed a flying column, just like scores of other such jeeps only with machineguns mount ed between the seats headed columns along the entire breadth of the Seventh Army’s drive up through France. Ahead lay enemy territory. The question of whether the next turn was going to bring the sharp sound of a German machine pistol was about to be answered again and the reali zation brought that familiar, flinching feeling to the pit of each stomach. It is always easy tti tell your self ahead of time, “well, I’m willing to take my chances along with the rest of the guys and depend on the per centages to pull me through.’ But when a ‘‘smizer’s” ugly snout may be poking between the leaves waiting for you to round the next bend the only percentage is whether the gun is there or it isn’t. When after a time it looks as if an enemy “delaying force” is ahead again and the jeep halts for a quick huddle and decision, each man thinks things—even though he will not admit his thoughts. The driver was thinking, “I oughta make’em go ahead afoot. This is a hell of a way for me to get it, because some fool doesn’t know there’s dan ger ahead. I oughta stay right here.” The column reconnaissance captain was thinking, “prob ably I should park the jeep here and take my time find ing out if there is anything there. No use being a fool about it. If I go up afoot I’ll have an even break. In this jeep we are all sitting ducks. No use being eager at this stage of the war.” This reporter was thinking, “I oughta get out and let them go ahead if they are big enough fools. It would be dif ferent if I knew there was a big story around there but aft er all, how do I know there’s anything up ahead worth writ ing about?” For a minute nobody spoke. Flattened down against the jeep’s hood, the windshield still carried three holes from the last time a machine-pistol expert ambushed it. The aim had been bad, but not very bad. They all were remembering another jeep smashed against a bank a few kilometers back— how a sergeant and a lieu tnant lay slumped out across the reddish brown earth. Thinking about it made them all a little sick. “Well,” said the captain sud denly, “if wg took time to walk around every little corn er, the whole army still would be back in the beachhead. What say we keep rolling?” “Okay by me, sir,” said the driver belligerently, as he shifted viciously into low gear. The captain swore loudly as the jeep lurched forward, rapidly picking up speed. Wide open, the jeep hit the bend of the road at full speed, gambling that there were no mines or road blocks ahead. Tne reporter in the middle wondered in weak selfishness if a man’s body on either side was sufficient to halt a ma chine pistol slug. Nothing happened. No smiz er’s stuttering slaughter, no crack of a carbine bullet, no explosiin of a mine—nothing slowed the jeep’s careening speed. Behind it the flying column roared around the corner. An hour later every body was laughing and joking in a little French tavern in the next town. The Germans had been gone a couple of hours. All over this sector of France the same scene is being enact ed on countless road corners with different characters and slightly different lines. And sometimes with a slight ly different ending. 25 Years Ago Today (FROM THE FILES OF THE STAR-NEWS) SEPTEMBER 14. 1919 The Liberty Shipbuilding com pany will launch its second, ant what many think will be the fi nal, boat early in October. Miss Elizabeth Sweeney enter tained yesterday morning at £ breakfast party in honor of hei friend, Mrs. Niland of Meriden Conn. PARIS. — Henry Morgenthau head of the American commissior to investigate the treatment o: Jews in Poland, has returned tt Paris for a conference. DETROIT. — Once the City o Comrades, Detroit now has be come a City of Strangers, over night almost as in the days o: ’49, the city has become a melt ing pot for the 47 nationalities. TWO COMPANIES GIVEN CHARTERS RALEIGH, Sept. 13— UP! —Twc certificates of incorporation were filed today with the secretary o! State: Montgomery Memorial Hospital of Troy, to own and operate a hos pital; non-stock; incorporators: E. L. Harris, McDuffie Clark, Otis Poole, all of Candor.. Hanes Realty corporation oi Greensboro, to engage in a real estate business; authorized capital stock $100,000; Subscribed stock $300 by H. L. Hanes, Flossie S. Hanes, D. R. Allfred, Jr., all oi Greensboro. OPA REGULATIONS FLAYEDBYDEWEY EN ROUTE TO SHERIDAN, WYO., WITH DEWEY, Sept. 13— iJP)— Talks with Nebraska cattle raisers impelled Gov. Thomas E. Dewey today to assail what he ' called the "ignorantly conceived” OPA regulations which he said have led to a big surplus of ration ed beef. "As close as we are to the end of the war,” the Republican presi dential nominee said, “it is time that we face the exceedingly criti cal problem of having ten million head of cattle above normal re quirements on the ranges.” Any sudden release of the ex cess supply of beef on the hoof, he told a news conference, would : “create a catastrophe which the cattlemen greatly fear.” Asked if he favored an end of beef rationing, the governor said: “naturally you cannot elimi nate rationing if the beef doesn't get to the market. There is no sur plus on the market. The surplus is on the hoof.” OPA regulations, he declared have driven feeders out of business with the result that there is a bottleneck between the range and the meat counters. After driving from the nearby Valientine, Nebr., ranch of former Governor Sam R. McKelvie, where he and Mrs. Dewty spent the night, the nominee talked with reporters in the lounge car of his special train and then attended a rodeo before leaving for Sheridan and the west coast. He called for greater scope and recognition of “magnificent tal ents” of Gen. Douglas MacArthur but declined to name a choice for over-all commander in the Pacific war. Told that this is one of the subjects reported under discus sion between President Roosevelt and Prime Minister Churchill at Quebec, the governor observed there are many international poli t:cal considerations involved. While refraining from nominating a commander, Dewey said: “Now that General MacArthur is no long er a political threat to Mr. Roose velt, it would seem appropriate that his magnificient talents be given greater scope and recognition. “General MacArthur hat per formed miracles with inadequate supply, inadeouate airpcwer and inadequate force. “A study of his offensives up from Australia reveals the most extraordinary brillianne of general-; ship. Time after time he has made landings on heavily-defended, long prepared islands and almost everytime he has managed to land on the exact spots where the Ja panese are not. The result is that many more Japanese have been killed, captured and bottled up by these skillful landings than our en tire osses under General MacAr thur’s command, even including the Phillipines. “I am not suggesting the name of the over-all commanding officer since so many political factors are involved in that choice, as well as military,” Dewey explained that he meant international, not domestic factors. “I am suggesting,” he went on, “that adequate recognition and sup plies commensurate with General MacArthur’s talents are long over due.” "Would Jou combine military and naval operations?” he was ask ed. “That is a technical problem to be decided by the chiefs of staff,” Dewey replied. Interpreting The War By KIRKE L. SIMPSOV Associated Press War Anak , QUEBEC, Sept. 13. __ A S‘ American plans for throttfj ' * circlement of Japan, appear u' tually complete in outline in a m t ter of hours, as compared to the more than two weeks it took original Quebec conference to f * ish its job. 1 ‘‘n' Conference spokesmen have f„ I cast an end of deliberations bv , week - end. an indication suffi'ciem i of itself to show there wa „ or no disagreement as to the Von * I nature or timing of the mili,arJ measures being jointly pu“^ against -kipan. "sa While there is no official w a " ye*that a joint Roosevei! ! Cburchill statement of results 1 planned, it is to be expected arH i the Roosevelt-Churchill-Stalin -i, * nouncement after the confe enc that wove the pattern of German defeat will no doubt prove to h, the model followed. That Russian - Allied declaration stressed an agreement on the “tim ing” of the war. In this case. ho-I ever: The timing of attacks ™ Japan naturally must be Vft more or less indefinite. Too much de pends on the speed with which the European campaign can be finish ed off. There is evidence aplenty of the war maps at the Chateau >ronte nac Headquarters, however, that the climax is approaching for Ger many even more swiftly than prob ably had been thought possible at the time tee Ouebec meeting was agreed upon. That is another res son urging Messrs. Koosevelt and Churchill to conclude their person al share of the important business here as quickly as possible. Another matter could effect deep, ly the timing aspect against Ja. pan. The Allied military program now is unquestionably shaped with out reference to possible ultimate Russian cooperation in the far east : as well as in Europe. If that should come after Germany’s collapse, it would mean some revision of Que bec nlans but also a stepo n? tin rt the time element against Japan to a degree not foreseeable until the scope and nature of such potential Russian collaboration was known. -V- 1 Daily Prayer FOR NIGHT THOUGHTS. In the sleepless hours of night, we would remember Thee upon our bed, and meditate upon Thee in the night watches. 0 Thou who keepest watch over Israel, ano neither slumberest nor sleepest. We take refuge in thoughts ot Thee, when fears assail js and ghostly doubts haunt our bed. It is then that our anxious love i reaches out toward our a'ojenl dear ones in service, and towsrc the woe of a world at war. In these wakeful periods of worry, we pray that fresh reassurance of Thy presence and Thy power and Thy peace may comfort out hearts and give us sleep. In 1hi simple faith of childhood, may we commit ourselves and our all to Thy loving watch-care. May the night not be a drain upon our spirits, but a refreshing and a re assurance; because Thou host kept us in Thy Father-care. Amen. -W. T. E. __ Have a “Coke”= Put ’er there, old timer n n v _____ - "" .. - ■» ... or greeting new pals in Ketchikan The newly-arrived soldier from the States finds Alaska a land of friendly welcome. There as here he finds Coca-Cola. In Ketchikan, to say Have a Coke means Pal, we’re right glad you’re here, just as it does in your own home. In many lands around the globe, the pause that refreshes with ice-cold Coca-Cola has become a symbol of a friendly way of living. BOTTIED UNDER AUTHORITY OF THE COCA-COLA COMPANY »Y . WILMINGTON COCA-COLA BOTTLING CO. “Coke” r Coca-Cola It’s natural for k. 'ar names l to acquire frier/-,, abbrevia 1 tions. That’s you hear r Coca-Cola called "Coke”. 01944 Tf>> C-CCo.