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The Wilmington morning star. [volume] (Wilmington, N.C.) 1909-1990, September 15, 1944, FINAL EDITION, Image 4

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Published Daily Except Sunday
By The Wilmington Star-News
North Carolina's Oldest Daily Newapaper
X. B. Page. Owner ana Publisher |
Entered as Second Class Matter at Wilming
ton. N. C- Pcstoffice Under Act of Congress
of March 3. 1878.
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or U. S P. O. money order. The Star-News
cannot be responsible for currency sent
through the mails. _
With confidence ta our armed forces—
with the Bn bounding determination of onr
people — we will gain the irritable
triumph — so help us God.
—Roosevelt’s War Message.
Our Chief Aim
To aid in every way the prosecution of
the war to complete Victory._
“Go break to the needy sweet charity’s
For giving is living,” the angel said.
“And must I be giving again and again?"
My peevish and pitiless answer ran.
“Ob, no,” said the angel, piercing me
“Just give till the Master slops giving to
The Road To Berlin
(By the Associated Press)
1. —Russian front: 312 miles (from outside
2. _Western front: 319 miles (from east
of Eupen).
3. —Eastern France: 440 miles (from Ber
lin Montbeliard).
4. —Italian front: 583 miles (from below
Captain Davis Retires
Captain John Davis, chief of the Traffic
squad, who was struck down by an automo
bile last April while on duty and has not
recovered sufficiently to resume his duties,
’ is forced to ask retirement.
Wilmingtonians whose residence antedates
the influx of new population which came with
Camp Davis and the shipyard will regret the
necessity for this step as deeply as Captain
Davis himself. And even many new arrivals
who came in contact with him will share this
feeling. His faithfulness to his charge, his
courtesy and common-sense, even when com
pelled to bear down on traffic law violators,
endeared him to thousands.
Although absent from the streets for months,
the people generally have not become accus
tomed to his absence, nor will they for many
a month of moons to come. It is the sin
cere hope of his friends that the rest
he may now have and the relief from grind
ing responsibilities he shouldered so long will
’“ring full recovery.
The Case of Italy
Allied troops in Italy can’t be blamed if
they find the native residents’ attitude a little
hard to take. Correspondents’ dispatches indi
cate that the average Italian is pretty dis
contented. He complains that food and other
necessities were more plentiful, and utilities
and transportation services were better under
the Germans.
Obviously this average Italian has a warped
conception of Allied strategy and aims. It is
hard for him to believe that the Allies landed
in Italy, not primarily to improve his lot in
life and restore his comforts, but to attack
the Axis at a weak point and speed the win
ning of the war.
The bloody, difficult Italian campaign is
nearing its end. But there are still Nazi and
Fascist Italian forces to be overcome before
the southern door to Hitler’s Germany is open
ed. To finish this job is the reason for the
Allies’ presence in Italy. It is easy to under
stand their annoyance when, in the midst ’of
it all, people not long transferred from the
status of enemy to co-belligerent start grip
ing about accommodations.
But it is ’also easy, at a distance, to pity the
Italian attitude while not approving it. For
here we have a perfect example of what
happens to a dictator-ruled nation when the
dictator is gone. For more than 20 years in
Italy the state was all. It told the people how
to live and what to think, whom to love and
hate, how many children to have. Fur more
than 20 years individuality was stifled and
opposition suppressed. The jobs of thousands
depended on their loyalty and obedience to
the State. And when, on the brink of defeat,
a palace clique kicked Mussolini out, there
was nothing to build on.
The great majority of Italians have no po
litical experience, responsibility or initiative.
Who among them really knows the workings
of democracy, the love of individual freedom
that is worth fighting for, the duties that go
with the privileges of that freedom? Only a
handful of old men.
The younger ones who should be providing
vigorous and dynamic leadership have growr
to manhood in a regimented atmosphere ir
which the paternal state always knew best
and would take care of them if they stayed
passively in line and avoided thinking and
It is tragic but not surprising that the Ital
ians complain. They have read the Four Free
doms, and are disappointed that these free
doms didn’t start functioning at once.
This condition will not be overcome quickly.
And it will be encountered all over again in
Germany. We shall find that totaliarianism
is a lingering disease with a slow, painful
convalescence, and with plenty of headaches
for doctor as well as patient.
racmc uommana

There is considerable discussion concerning
the need or advantage of a single head for
all forces operating in the Pacific.
Persons who hold with such an appointment
contend that it would normally go to Admiral
King but because of King's services at Wash
ington and his general popularity they be
lieve it will go to Admiral Nimitz. They cite
the opeiations in Europe as basis for their
, position. It was assumed that military oper
ations in the European war theater would go
to General MarshaU, but by reason of his
value to the Allies as chief of staff and also
because of his great popularity the appoint
| ment went to General Eisenhower.
Whether this was the chief reason to give
the post to Eisenhower or not, the choice is
proving amply satisfactory except to the Ger
These proponents of a supreme commander
in the Pacific hold that the Navy having led
the attack on Japan's outposts is entitled to
leadership. But this is in contradiction of the
strategy formerly understood to have right of
way, and which would appear to be the sound
est policy.
This strategy has contemplated giving the
Navy the green light for carrying the war to
the mainland of Asia and to Japan and pro
viding transport for troops and supplies there
after, but leaving the land operations strictly
to the Army except for participating in air
activities from its carriers and bombarding
coastal defenses. In other words, the plan
as previously revealed was similar to what
has been going on since D-day in France,
save that the Navy has had a bigger job
in driving the Japanese out of the islands
they had been fortifying for years.
In these operations Admiral Nimitz has set
a mark that is not reached by any previous
naval exploits anywhere. But it would appear
that a definite line is drawn between Navy
and Army operations and that neither can be
successful in crossing that line.
As the war in the Orient will have to be
finished on land, just as the war in Europe
is being finished now, it might be disastrous
to low-rate General MacArthur, or General
Stilwell or General Chennault or Lord Mount
batten. The need, obviously, is for naval and
military cooperation in a manner similar to
that in the European area.
Romania Gets Off Lightly
Under the armistice accepted by Romania
that country is to pay Russia $300,000,000,
restore the 1940 frontier, which found Russia
in possession of Besarabia, and return all
United Nations property. Romania is to get
Transylvania which the Germans had turned
over to Hungary and maintain her own civil
administration in non-combat areas.
The part of the agreement which will prove
of exceptional value to Germany’s enemies
is Romania’s pledge to put at least twelve
divisions into the field under Russian com
mand, and surrender all naval and air forces
for use against the Germans under Russian
This has a two-way advantage. Hot only
do the Allies gain strength in the field. Ger
many loses that strength in the hour of her
greatest need.
Romania, all things considered, comes off
easier than she had any right to expect. Her
chief negotiator at Moscow is right when he
declares "we don’t have a right to be dis
satisfied with the terms.”
Intelligent Demobilization >
Perhaps no one will better appreciate the
Army’s demobilization plan than some of the
overseas veterans of the last war. For they
can remember that many of the first men
who got to France were the last to return,
that too often the AEF veteran who had done
some of the hardest fighting came back to
find most of the jobs already snapped up.
These and many other inequities of World
War are corrected in the new plan. Its pro
visions promise fairness as well as vigorous
prosecution of the war against Japan.
r og JNot lo Blame
When two trains traveling in opposite direc
tions on a single track collide the blame can
not properly be placed upon fog, however
heavily it closes in. Responsibility rests else
In the wreck which snuffed out at least 25
lives and left no less than 65 persons injured
on the Chicago and Eastern Illinois railroad
near Terre Haute shortly after 2 o’clock
Thursday morning, it is obvious that some
body blundered. It may have been in the
dispatcher’s office. It could have been that
the crew of one train or the other misinter
preted its orders. These are questions to be
answered through investigation which, in the
interest of humanity and future security, must
be painstaking and thorough.
The tragedy is the more distressing in that
most of the victims were aviation pilots al
most all of whom wore the Purple Heart,
home for a month’s visit' before being reas
signed to combat areas. They had perform
ed deeds of daring and been rewarded by
their government for valor, only to be stricken
down in their sleep because somebody.failed
them in an emergency.
Prepared For Storm
The Wilmington area is fortunate indeed to
have been spared from the suffering and de
struction that would have accompanied a di
rect hit by the hurricane sweeping up the
Atlantic seaboard.
A word of commendation is due the Red
Cross which took hold so efficiently when it
seemed inevitable that the hurricane would
strike hereabouts. Committees concerned with
housing beach evacuees and with prepara
tions for relief were as hard at work all day
Wednesday as if the storm was actually pres
ent. The lesson of preparedness has been well
learned here.
Four-Ply Greetings
We read where Miss Elizabeth Firestone,
daughter of the tire and rubber magnate, is
starting out to make a name for herself as
a popular song writer. We wish her well.
May her talent prove to be natural, not syn
thetic, and may her path on the road to fame
be marked by an original tread, without sus
picion of recapping of Gershwin or Jerome
Hillman As A Liability
WASHINGTON.—Mounting indications — the
size of the Maine majority for candidates op
posed by the CIO-PAC is the latest—that Sid
ney Hillman and his political activities may
prove to be one of the President’s heaviest
liabilities in the quest for a fourth term were
doubtless responsible for the statement in Chi.
cao by Robert E. Hannegan, chairman of the
Democratic National Committee.
In his statement Mr. Hannegan denied that
when he conferred with the President in the
Chicago railroad yards just prior to the Dem
ocratic National Convention, while Mr. Roose
velt was on his way to Pearl Harbor, the
President told him to "clear everything with
Sidney (Hillman).’’ He said it was “absolutely
untrue’’ that Mr. Roosevelt had said that or
anything “that could have been tortured to
convey that meaning.” His denial was con
fined to the occasion of the conference aboard
the President’s train, but it can be read to
cover any other “occasion.”
Mr. Hannegan said he did not know who
“invented the story.” Reporters a.t the con
vention,, while not assenting to the use of
the word “invented,’’ would have great diffi
culty in ascribing it to a single source. It
came from several leaders, attributed by them
to Mr. Hannegan himself, and was borne out
in its essential implications by the downfall
of the Vice Presidential candidacy of former
Justice James F. Byrnes, director of the Of
fice of War Mobilization. That history, which
is well though privately documented, is sus
stantially as follows:
Last June the bosses of the big city Demo
cratic machines concentrated on the Presi
dent in a mass effort to convince him that
the renomination of Vice President Henry A.
Wallace would endanger his chances to be
re-elected. Mr. Hannegan, after a tour of the
country, had previously made the same report
to Mr. Roosevelt. He was finally impressed,
and let it be known that he thought Mr.
Byrnes would be an admirable substitute and
“make the best President” of all the aspirants
if fate should call him to that office.
The big city bosses, accompanied and led
by Mr. Hannegan, then • turned their persua
sions on Mr. Byrnes. They reported to him
their conversation with the President, and he
was informed that Mr. Roosevelt would write
that easiest-way-of-putting-it” letter about
Mr. Wallace which left open the choice for
ouuuim pidvc.
Mr. Byrnes, unwilling to base his decision
on hearsay, talked over the matter with Mr.
Roosevelt and received the encouragement
which induced him to seek the Vice Presiden
tial nomination. If he neglected to make short
hand notes of this conversation (he is a for
mer court reporter) then it is the first time
he has failed to document an incident of im
portance in his career.
When he reached Chicago he was confident
of nomination, having the blessing of the Pres
ident and the warm support of most of the
big city bosses and Chairman Hannegan. But
there were three things he did not know while
he maintained his candidacy:
1. Mr. Hannegan had been handed a second
letter signed by the President (dated July 19
but written five days before, on the same
-day the Wallace letter was dated), mention
ing only Senator Harry S. Truman and Su
preme Court Justice William O. Douglas as
acceptable to him for second place.
2. Mr. Hillman had been at the White House
on the day both letters were written (the ex
istence of the second was not known to Mr.
Hannegan until much later) and had vigor
ously expressed his opposition to Mr. Byrnes,'
saying that even if he could remove the op
position' of the Negro leaders associated with
CIO-PAC, his organization could not support
a man who had “held the line” for the Presi
dent’s “Little Steel” formula.
3. The President had begun to change his
mind toward Mr. Byrnes even before his as
sistant left for Chicago.
After Mr. Byrnes got there, the big city
bosses and Mr. Hannegan consulted Mr. Hill
man, as the President told them to do, and
discovered that his opposition to Mr. Byrnes
was unyielding. They so reported to Mr.
Roosevelt by telephone who, according to
them, remarked that this made Mr. Byrnes
-“a political liability.” When they informed the
former Justice of this he sought and eventu
ally got confirmation from Mr. Roosevelt, and
thereupon withdrew the candidacy “in defer
ence to the wishes of the President,” as he
publicly announced.
The Vice Presidential nomination had most
definitely been “cleared with Sidney,’’ whose
veto of Mr. Byrnes was accepted by the Pres
ident, despite the fact that his assistant sought
the nomination on direct encouragement from
Mr. Roosevelt.
There are many people who know the facts,
but they are party men and are not likely to
offer confirmation of these facts, or of the use
of the phrase denied by Mr. Hannegan until
the time comes to write their memoirs.—New
York Times
“Saddest Days of All the Year”
/ C'MO'i'N.
tAX| A,
With The AEF
Moving Day In Sunny France
FRANCE, Sept. 8.—Delayed)—
(TP)—Despite the good cheer it
must be bringing all around the
world and despite its pleasant
contrasts with some aspects of
other campaigns, this swift
Seventh army drive northward
through France is not all flow
ers, fruit and kisses flung by
lovely liberated lasses.
For one thing, we must have
a million times the past month,
and every time we move it
rains. Ask any soldier two un
failing signs of a move and he
will tell you 10-in-one rations
instead of K-rations or C-ra
tions for supper and the start of
a slight drizzle.
For another thing, it is cold,
bitterly, bone chillingly cold.
But come along and see for
yourself- Watch moving day —
which is any day in this cam
It still is in the night hours
before dawn when you are rout
ed out. You sit in the middle
of a wet bedroll, shivering,
groping for boots and pants
and wondering how wet they
got during the night. Then you
stumble through a steadily in
creasing downpour to the kit
chen tent.
Ten-in-one rations, which on
ly finally caught up last night
already have been packed for
the next move so you gulp down
a few cups of hot coffee, go
back and roll up your boggy
mess of blankets, pile on a
truck or jeep and hit the road.
If you were dressed for it
the rain wouldn’t be so bad
and the cold would only seem a
pleasant fall chill high in the
Alpine hills. But after all, you
came ashore on this invasion in
mid-August when even olive
drab pants left you sweltering.
According to advertisements
all jeeps and command cars
come equipped with tops and
some even with curtains, but
that is for Detroit. This is
for France after four cam
paigns. If you are lucky enough
even to get a vehicle with a top,
it inevitably leaks so badly
that it is a question whether
you get wetter with or without
it. Curtains are unheard of.
By sunrise, which is strictly
a designation of time because
the sun never shows, every
stitch of your clothes is thor
oughly soaked.
In order to get in the proper
frame of mind to continue read
ing this you should stand fully
clothed under a shower 10 min
utes, then go out into the back
yard and sit in a cold dirty
water. The only trouble is the
backyard won’t bounce.
By this time you are com
pletely lost in a world compos
ed of nothing but cold rain.
Nobody ever heard of the little
French town you are trying to
find. A military policeman,
shivering at a road junction,
seems a wonderful sight until
he says, “beats hell outa me,
Joe. Just got here myself, sor
You cough, sneeze and snif
fle along four kilometers until
you reach a bridge which the
Germans have blown up.
It would be nice to put a
happy ending here and say we
drove blindly off the blown
bridge and everybody was
drowned and put out of his
But life is not that way. You
turn around in the muddy road
slowly, gingerly waiting for
the explosion of mines which
the Germans always plant
thickly around blown bridges.
Everything else is merely a
miserable repetition of the fore
going. Until somewhere be
tween mid-afternoon and mid
night you continue the search
through a cold rain.
Finally arriving, you find ev
erything in the new camp soak
ing wet, too. Then just as you
are sloshing around loaded with
bedroll, musette bag and other
junk and swearing loudly, some
lout inevitably says:
“Quit beefing. What if you
were in the infantry?” (
That is the unanswerable
25 Years Ago
SEPTEMBER 15. 1919
SINTON, Texas, — Mounting ra
pidly as reports began trickling in,
the death list from the tropical
hurrican which swept the Texas
Gulf coast was placed at from 70
to 150 today.
CORPUS CHRIST!, _ Three wo
men, who sought refuge from the
storm in the federal building here
tonight, became mothers while the
hurricane was at its height.
patroling the main streets and re
lief trains headed this way from
many parts of the state, Corpus
Christi today began slowly emerg
ing from the wreckage caused by
the hurricane.
Daily Prayer
We wait and pray, O inscrut
able Lord of all life, for a dem
onstration of Thy great Power, in
this hour of the world’s supreme
need. Only Thy Divine Might can
give us complete victory over our
enemies and over our own short
comings. The better way of life
of which all men are dreaming
can come to pass only by Thine
omnipotent enabling. Where but
from Thee may we expect the new
purposes, the new ability, to trans
form human nature, and to turn
cur victory into a life of peace
and liberty and brotnernood? Call
up Thy prophets to stir and en
Launching of the U.S.S. Suffolk
177th vessel to near completion a'
the yard of the North Caroline
Shipbuilding company, was post
poned from yesterday until thi:
morning at 10:15 o’clock because
of adverse weather resulting from
the passage of the tropical hurri
cane up the North Carolina coast.
It is necessary for a shipyard
to make all decisions relative tc
a launching several hours in ad
vance of the actual event. Con
siderable uncertainty existed as tc
future w^nds and tides here be
cause of the storm at the time oi
the decision; therefore it was de
cided to delay the christening.
This was the first time a launch
ing has been postponed here for
any reason.
CAMP LEJEUNE, Sept. 14 -
Brig. Gen. David L. S. Brewster,
USMC, who was the first com
mandant here, serving for two
years before his transfer over
seas, has been detached from duty
in the Pacific war area and assign
ed to duty at headquarters of the
Marine corps at Washington.
lighten us. Make Thy Church a
messenger of Thy mightiness
Sweep through tne spirits of aL
who confess Thee as Lord, tc
arouse them to individual leader
ship in the better order Liat Thou
art preparing for all Thy children
Put into the lips of every servanl
of Thine the response, “Here am
I; send me.” Grant us the boor
of becoming workers together with
Thee in Thine infinite new pur
poses for mankind. And may wc
press closely after Christ, out
Leader, to whom is given “all
power.” Amen.—W.T.E,
The First Christian church
i at Third and Ann St. will observe
Victory Sunday on October 8, bring
ing to a close the«present campaign
to pay the balance of the debt on
the new building which has been
completed a little more than a
At the end of the building period
the congregation had carried out a
$30,000 project and had an indebt
edness of $10,000.00. Since July 18,
1943, the indebtedness has been re
duced to exactly $5,000 and the goal
of the campaign ending October 8
is to secure this amount and pay
the balance of the loan which is
held by the Boaid of Church Ex
tension of the Disciples of Christ,
Indianapolis, Ind;
The First Christian church is a
member of the brotherhood of the
Disciples of Christ, and is the only
Disciples church in this area of
the state. It was organized here in
1907 and today has a total member
ship of about 200. The present
minister if Rev. j ames T. Lawson,
who began his service with the
Wilmington congregation April 1,
1937. The present structure consist
ing of a two-story Sunday school
building, a large social hall and a
worship sanctuary with chan
cel was begun on March 10, 1942,
and completed in the early sum
mer of 1943.
NEW BERN, Sept. 14. — New
Bern streets are to be improved
and resurfaced immediately, at
ar approximate cost of $125,000.
The West construction company of
Kinatnn the Contract
QUEBEC, Sept, H.in !°tN
rival of *he British foreign e ,N
ter to join the Quebec Co,lf mir'"
circle has stirred specula ;!^'
to whether there might hi 1 n »'
developments in the 7* bee»
war theater calling f0r th(1Urop':aa
attention of Prime' MiniS^
Until"! President Roosevelt
Until there is more official V
on Eden’s trip, its possiblec n!ght
tion with an errly collapseT"'
ganized German resit'an! , ot’
ruled out. e Can b*
That was tended to shift
tion here for the moment LTn'
avowed purpose of the confe7th*
to blue-print the final attack "
Japan, back *o the Em! °’
scene. And there have been «
lingly swift developments in f7
pfst M«srs. Roosevelt 1)
Churchill reached Quebec wS
London has translated into ,5
mates that six weeks or less
see the end of major hostilities “
Europe, whatever ircDnin,,', 5
lae^done. ^ « 5
Such predictions find no echo i,
conference circles. The at™ .
all official outgivings here ha!
been kept continuously upon"
war beyond the Pacific. It is CI
tain, however, that the war mall
at Chateau Frontenac showr
more detailed picture of the situ,
tion on the westward front than
is available to the public unde
General Eisenhower's news bis/
out. Ckl
What is disclosed tends to con
firm the view of some military on.
servers that at least the outer sec
tion of the “west wall” is definite,
ly lacking in defensive qualities,
It was constructed in their vie*
not to ward off attack but as the
base from which the blitzkrieg
that swept France out of the war
was loosed in 1940.
If that is true, and despite hasti
ly improvised new fortified zones,
the Tremendous air and ground
forces now available to Eisenhoiv
er might make short work ol the
Rhineiand hump to reach the riv
er itself.
There have been internal con
vulsions in Germany, however, in
cluding the attempt on Hitler's life,
Until Eden’s visit to Quebec jj
otherwise explained, there will u.
main a question as to whether
peace overtures from inside Ger
many, authoritative enough :j
warrant immediate considerate!
not only by Roosevelt and Churc.i
ill but by Stalin, have not come
to hand through diplomatic chan
nels. The possibility that such i
question could be dropped :r,n
the lap of the Quebec conferees to
change the whole nature of this as
sembly cannot be wholy dismiss
ed. It will come sooner or iaier,
although to date there has been
no evidence whatever that the
Allies expected it to coincide with
the Quebec deliberations or that :
acually has cropped up now, aside
from the mystery surrounding tin
circumstances that brought dec
flitting across he Atlantic for i
“chat” with his chief.
CAMP DAVIS. Sept. 14 - Carl
Davis Post Exchange employes
won a top place on the War Bod
Honor Roll of the Fourth Service
Command for “participation tom
ing 100 per cent, with a tota Pur
chase estimated at over S200.W
00 since October, 1942, it was an
nounced today by the Public *•
lations Office. .
A special plaque, awards
to ranking honor roll units for tneJ
efforts by Maj. Genera! Freaerr
H. Uhl, commanding geneialo.
Fourth Service Command,
sented to Lieut. Col. Lawton ■
Jordan. Post Exchange Officer. -.
Col. Adam E. Potts, camp c®
mander. ,
The total amount whicn »■
eluded cash purchases ana p-V;
deductions was estimated by
Jordan as “in the neighborhood
$218,750.00.” Payroll deductions*;
that period were around $16#.'-^
This amount had an overall ;
age of 14 per cent deduction
each employee of the exchans®*
Col. Potts in presenting
plague congratulated C
“on the participation of ">ei ”
lian employees of the
change in their manner o.
the burden of purchasing
bonds with the soldier Per;
nel of Camp Davis which n
ed this post among the top
lations in this command.
Camp Davis exceeded itsJ° ‘J
the Fifth War Loan drive b. ■*
than $350,000.00 as Camp o
personnel poured $8i2rb
the War Bond jackpot.
With Col. Jo. don at tne p. - ™
tion were representative
of the various departmen J ■
Exchange: David D. Tira ■■
house; Wilfred 0 Sneppa-^B
employees; Lonnie
Stores; Elizabeth McVii;
stration; Virginia Be.-.. '
and Heibert J. Wider, color ■
LONDON, Sept. ’ .. M
German radio rep uted
U. S. Third Army .'
ed Chateau-Salin.-.
east of the Moselle bet' js
and Nancy. Chateau-S^ns . *
miles southeast of ' ■
14 miles northeast of ■ ■
The X-ray is used in
of fraud in painting as1
underpair.ting not visi H'
surface B

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