Newspaper Page Text
The Sunday Star-News
Published Every Sunday By The Wilmington Star-New* North Carolina'* Oldest Dally Newspaper Jt. B. Page, Owner end Publisher Entered as Seeond Class Matter at Wilming ton. N. C-. Pcstoffiee Under Act of Congress _of March 3, 187>.__ SUBSCRIPTION RATES BY CARRIER IN NEW HANOVER COUNTY Payable Weekly or In Advance Combi Time Star News nation 1 Week__$ .30 $ .25 $ JO 1 Month - 1-30 1.10 2.15 • Months - 3.80 1.25 0.50 • Months_ 7-80 8.50 13.00 l Year . 15.60 13.00 26.00 By Mail: Payable Strictly In Advance 8 Months _I 2.50 $ 2.00 « 8.85 • Months ........ 5.00 4.00 7.70 1 Year _ 10.00 8.00 15.40 CNews rates entitle subscriber to Sunday issue of Star-News) When remitting by mail please use check •r U. S. P. O. money order. The Star-News cannot be responsible for currency sent through the mails. MEMBER THE ASSOCIATED PRESS With confidence in our armed forces— with the nnbonnding determination of our people — we will gain the invitable triumph — so help us God. —Roosevelt’s War Message. SUNDAY, AUGUST 17, 1944 Our Chief Aim To aid in every way the prosecution of the war to complete Victory TOP OF THE MORNING You who like to play at Bible, Reading piecemeal, hit or miss, Now a bit of John or Matthew, Now a snatch of Genesis. You who treat the crown of writings, As you treat no other book— Just a paragraph disjointed, *■ Just a crude impatient look Try a worthier procedure, Try a broad and steady view; You will kneel in very rapture When you read the Bible through! —MISSIONARY MONTHLY. -V The Road To Berlin (By The Associated Press) 1— Western Front: 315 miles (from Stolberg). 2— Russian Front: 312 miles (from outside Pultusk). 3— Italian Front: 583 miles (from below Rimini). -V Coming Back One of these days the doorbell will ring and there once again, like the first robin of spring, will be the Vanished American. You remem ber, the cheery and persistent citizen with the sample case of brushes or hosiery, or per haps a mechanzed carpet sweeper. We won’t say when that day will come, for fear of being called complacent. But come it will. And a typical chapter in American life will be resumed. Plans must be shaping up already. For it would be a great mistake to think that recon version will begin and end at the factory. Even now the general staff of door-to-door salesmanship probably has the maps spread out and is pondering new strategies and tac tics for the day when the all-out campaign of persuasion moves forward again into every street and countryside. Canny consumers would do well, then, to reconvert their thinking into peace time channels. Otherwise they may run into some early pitfalls. The first one probably will be the false aura of cordialtiy that is bound to pervade the resumption of front atoop merchandising. The Vanished American, returning to his appointed rounds, will certainly be welcomed as the Americans were welcomed in Paris. Maybe his wares won’t be dreams of streamlined transparent plastic. But to the housewife, down to the last bristle of the vegetable brush and reduced to wielding a broom, they will look like the dawn of a brave new world. This won’t last, of course. The encyclopedia vendor will follow the Fuller Brush man. The vacuum cleaner salesman will be succeeded by the boy who is working his father’s way ' through high school by means of magazine subscriptions. The big parade will be on. So if she is forward looking, the housewife even now will be brushing up on her sales resistance. She might practice up on that old Scandinavian housemaid impersona tion she used to use when the salesman ask ed, “Are you the lady of the house?’’ That always eased the shame of falsehood with a touch of light-hearted drama. She might give some thought to her neglected footwork, for It takes speed to beat the salesman’s toe to that strategic territory between the door and the jamb. _ Victory In Second Blitz • Another story of resourcefulness and rugged courage has come out of London — the story of the victory of the second blitz. It is per haps even more inspiring than the accounts of the first Battle of Britain. For here Lon . don’s defenders were confronted with a new weapon, unpredictable, stealthy, speedy, tm iffected by weather. It demanded new countermeasurs. The betaild story now tells how these coun ter-measures worked. And it reveals that even before Allied troops in France blocked off the robot coast, British brains and effort and American co-operation had already beaten the flying bomb. There •were 80 frightful days of the second blitz. But the passing weeks brought promise of victory. In the first month, defenders were able to bring down 40 per cent of the missiles. > i At the end, coast defenses were stopping 70 per cent of them, and inaccuracies reduced to 9 per cent the bombs that reached the target. The toll in lives and property, though not so great as in the raids of 1940-41, was tre mendous. But If the attacks cost the Allies and Lon don heavily, think of what the Germans paid for the attempt and the defeat. Frustrated in the beginning through superior intelli gence and air power, they were unable to launch the flying bombs in time to achieve the maximum results. But the most damaging result at the abortive vengeance was the fact that, having put all their eggs in one basket, they had to sit by and see the eggs smashed. Airplane and other production was cut back to make flying bombs. They were sold and oversold to the German people. But the physical and psychological punch was blocked. The “miracle weapon’’ wound up a dud. And Germany took a long step closer to defeat. •-V Russia And Pacific War Naturally the decisions reached at Quebec by President Roosevelt and Prime Minister Churchill on further operations against the Japanese cannot be made public. But it is to be taken for granted that with Hitler defeated in Europe Great Britain will go all out with us to defeat Hirohito. That has been assured by the British Premier almost from the start of the conflict. What is of greatest public concern is the attitude of Russia after victory in Europe. Will Russia then take a hand in the war in the Far East, either through partici pation of her armies or by providing Siberian bases for her American and British Allies? The concensus is that Stalin will not withhold his hand when his forces have played their important, in fact their indispensible, part in overpowering Germany. Russian interests in the Orient are so great it is inconceivable that Stalin should refuse material aid in defeating Japan which, unconquered, would continue to menace the peace and safety of all peoples and geographical subdivisions in the Asiatic area. It will be to Russia’s advantage to continue at her Allies’ side until peace has been re stored throughout the world. In the mean time, it is well to remeber that because Rus sia’s Siberian forces have delivered a number of effective border blows the Japanese have not dared skeletonize her armed units in Man churia but has dept them practically immobi lized there lest the Russians progress from border incidents to major attack. Despite the removal of some divisions from Manchuria for action in the Hankow-Cantcn railroad area, Japan has still many more divisions there which without the threat of Russian assault could long have been in ser vice elsewhere and which have to be supplied continually with food and munitions needed far to the south. Russia has had /part in the Pacific war to this extent. Will Russia come in more active ly, when Germany has been beaten? The question presses for an answer, which can come only after the European phase of the World war has been concluded. Origin Of Jobs The job producing possibilities of foreign trade and a larger merchant marine are not as yet fully understood by the people of the United States. For example, many of our most important employing industries export from 10 to 50 per cent of their production. Robert H. Patching Vice-President, W. R. Grace & Company, gives figures which are of interest to workers everywhere. They show that automobile exports accounted for 1 2-3 months of the total annual employment in that industry; for two months employment in agricultural implements and machinery; 3 1-3 months in the tractor industry; A 1-3 months m the power-driven machinery industry; 1 1-2 months in the printing and bookbinding in dustry. These examples are typical of many others. The United States cannot produce all the things it needs. Nor can it consume all the things it must grow and make in order to provide a high level of employment,, Exports and imports are bound to assume a lgrger importance to the national welfare in terms of employment — jobs,” said Mr. Patchin. ‘‘But the jobs are not merely those in field or factory. Every item of export and import trade requires an infinite variety of labor and service before, during and after the article takes form. For this reason, no satis factory enumeration is possible of the' amount of employment in ma jaiiours or the number of jobs for which our foreign trade is respon sible. Many agricultural products enter into manufactured exports, but are not credited to agriculture in export statistics. Vastly more corn is exported in the form of lard and pork than in grain. American exports create employment from the time a hoe is struck in the ground or a ton of iron ore is taken from the earth, until loaded aboard ship and delivered in a foreign market. And this is tue of imports as well as exports. For an imported article, from the time it is landed on the dock, creates labor. Those planning jobs for re turning soldiers and sailors, and workers re leased from war industries, should realize that foreign trade is vital to domestic pros perity.” ft is well for our citizens who may live and work and produce a thousand or more miles from our seaports, and who have never ■ ■ ■ ■ —I— j even seen the ocean, to realize that their jobs or their businesses may well depend on our future foreign trade. -V Sad Example The recent battle of words between former Ambassador William C. Bullitt and the Soviet newspaper Pravda may be a minor skirmish, but it is nonetheless depressing. Mr. Bullitt wrote a magazine article from Rome which contained 3 catalog of fears and indictments of the Soviet Union, credited to sources general ly defined as “the Romans.’’ Then Pravda an swered in the rich and uninhibited prose for which it is famous, calling Mr. Bullitt several varieties of liar. It seems a pity that Pravda could not re alize that Mr. Bullitt is no longer a member of our government and that he was, rightly or wrongly, writing as a private citizen in a country of free speech and free press. It seems an equal pity that Mr. Bullitt didn’t realize that the fears of these vaguely defined Romans are the same Bolshevik bogeyman with which Hitler and Goebbels have long at tempted to divide the western allies from Russia. Too many such impetuous incidents are go ing to jeopardize international cooperation and good feeling. e -——-1 Congressional 'SUTTLETIES' The inside on the Washington scene of interest to the Carolinas. By HOWARD SUTTLE Star-News Washington Bureau WASHINGTON, Sept. 16.—Two North Caro linians who head important house committees regard the pre - election recess slated to start next week - end as merely an opportunity to “catch up’’ on some important committee work. Rep. Robert L. Doughton, of Laurel Springs, chairman of the House Ways and Means com mittee and head of the joint Senate - House Committee on Taxation, expects to devote at tention to the joint group’s study of postwar taxation problems. Rep. Graham A. Barden, of New Bern, chair man of the House Education committee, looks forward to more time for collaboration with representatives of America’s Institutions of higher learning in an investigation, authorized by the house, of the problems of the colleges in universities. Doughton and his colleagues have reduced the problem of postwar taxation to a very fine point, wherein they seek to determine the amount of taxes necessary to meet govern mental expenses and the amount of anticipat ed national income. Working on this basis, Doughton believes they can grrive at a postwar tax program that will enable both large and small oper tors to peace time business instutions to make more specific plans for the future. Barden’s suggestion that leading educators be brought in to assist in formulation of a postwar education program for the nation’s universities and colleges, when adopted, brought the enthusiastic cooperation of the National Education association, from which 12 prominent men were appointed as an ad visory committee. Dr. Francis J. Brown is on leave from the New York university faculty to direct the study. PLAN COAST AIRLINE OCT. 1 Civil Aeronautics Board officials are appar ently endeavoring to clear the decks and make possible inauguration by October 1 of the new route of National airlines from Jack sonville, Fla., to New York, but stops at Wil mington must be postponed until the army permits use of either Bluethenthal field or the air field at Camp Davis. G. T. Baker, National president, has filed a schedule that provides for two daily round trips over the coastal route, one between: Miami and New York, through Jacksonville, and the other between New Orleans and New York, through Mobile, Tallahassee and Jack sonville. The schedule has CAB approval. There remains only the announcement by the board that the interests of national defense no longer require that inauguration of the service be held up. Such an order was being circulated over the proper CAB desks over the week - end, with formal announcement of its approval due probably Monday or Tuesday. The board still has under advisement Na tional’s application to include New Bern in its schedule of stops. It’s likely to be some time, however, before Wilmington. New Bern and Norfolk will re ceive National airlines service, for Uncle Sam has said that the landing facilities at these places must serve the war effort and to permit commercial air service would interfere. Also due within the next few weeks is the report of CAB Examiner Ross I. Newman on the so - called Great Lakes - Florida case, in which nine lines are competing for license to serve proposed routes between Detroit, Chi cago and Cleveland, through the Carolines, to Florida. CAB s public counsel, Vernon C. Kolhaus and D. Franklin Kell, have i -commended that Delta airlines be given Knoxville . Charlotte Columbia and Cincin^tti - Chicago links its present Atlanta - SXvannah - Knoxville - Cincinnatti route, and tnot State airlines, of Charlotte, be given a feeder line from Louis ville to Wilmington, serving North Carolina airports at Greensboro - High Point, Winston Salem, Charlotte, Burlington, Raleigh - Dur ham, Fayetteville and New Bern. Since oral arguments must follow the ex aminer’s report, a decision in the case by the board is not expected before late Decem ber, probably not until next year. FARMERS REDUCING MORTGAGES Farmers of North Carolina and other south ern states are taking advantage of the so called war “boom” to reduce the principal on mortgages held by the Farm Credit ad ministration on their property, according to I. W. Duggan, FCA governor. Repayments, greatly exceeding the total of new loans, have enabled Tar Heel farmes to substantially increase the equities in their farms, contributing to ,,the total of $400,000,000 in repayments to the FCA by farmers of the nation during the fiscal year, 1944. Farmers also have substantial savings in war bonds, Duggan declared, urging that such savings be “maintained and not wasted in land speculations, as they were after the First World War.” Such a program will enable the farmers to “withstand the hazards of con version” to peace time operation, Duggan con tended. • A NOT QUITE EMPTY BUT PRETTY LOW DOWN Rhineland, Penetrated By Allies, Is Sore Spot With American troops reported t inside the German frontier at the ^ i point where France, Luxembourg and Germany meet, the Rhineland \ again takes its place as a history- t making region of Europe. « The German Rhineland, says the \ National Geographic Society, in- i eludes territory along the more x than 400 - mile course of the Rhine 1 river as it flows through or along x the border of Germany. j ; In its upper, or southern reaches.j t the Rhine follows roughly half of ; he Franco-German boundary) Line, which thrusts a deep V east-) < ward into Germany. North ol the I lalfway mark, the river flowsl c northward away from the border, : then turns west marking off a! x broad area of the west - central 1 Rhineland, nearly 100 miles across,) 1 as measured from the Yanks’) opening wedge. ] ( In this general region some of, 1 Germany’s most valuable and)( productive country is found. It e bolds the industrialized Saar Dis- x trict, adjoining the French fron- 1 tier, which produced more than'l 10,000,000 tons of coal annually. Its. x fertile farmlands along the Rhine) 1 and other river valleys normally; t provide barley, wheat and other,] grains, potatoes, tobacco, grapes, 1 and other fruits. In its many com- 1 mercial and manufacturing cent- 1 ers, such as Mannheim, Frankfurt. Mainz, and Kobelenz, machinery t and chemicals, leather goods, e-x- 1 gines and other automotive prod- 1 ucts have been turned out for Ger- i many’s once - powerful war ma- z chine. i 1 Near Saarbrucken, iron and steel j center of the Saar District which1 i in 1935 voted to return to the Reich,' ] German troops in June, 1940, broke 1 through the French Maginot Line, i A an ^ l" 3 move westward and capture rerdun. Nature presents the Allies with number of useful routes to fol-j 3W through this central section of he Rhineland. Such important riv.1 rs as the Mosel, Hahe, and Glanj (ind northeastward through' anges of hills and mountains, to neet the greater stream of the thine. Railway and highway com nunications run more or less par llel with the rivers and strike off etween them, forming a consider ible network. The Rhineland has long been one if Europe's political sore spots and lotential sources of conflict. West f the river's central and upper tretches lie the Alsace and Lor aine regions, tossed back and! orth between Germany and i’rance. After the First World War, the lerman Rhineland was occupied iy the Allies. Under the provisions f the Versailles treaty, the north rn section, with Cologne (Koln), /as to be occupied for five years; he central area, with Koblenz, for en years, and the southern area, zith Mainz, for fifteen years. Moreover, a 31 - mile strip east of he Rhine was ordered demilita ized and th* Germans forbidden o build any fortifications in t h e thineland or to assemble German roops thefe. As it turned out, all of the Allied roops were withdrawn from the thineland by the end of 1930. In 936, Nazi Germany repudiated the greement not to militarize the one and dramatically marched roops into the region. That same ear, the Nazi government also lenounced the Versailles treaty irovisions which had declared in ernational the Rhine and other mportant German waterways. I11U5 rAnlldAiw ENVELOP VAUEYO BARI, Paly, Sept. 16.—— Strong elements of Marshal Tito’s Jugoslav partisans pushing north ward west of the Morava river against scant opposition have en veloped Valjevo, captured nearby J 51ovac and taken Lajkovac, the 1 latter only 34 miles southwest of Belgrade, Yugoslav capital, it was earned heretoday. On the way they occupied Rav- j aa Gora, former headquarters of . the Serbian Chetnik leader, Gen. ‘ Draja Mihailovic, who now is j ;aught between the partisans and j the Germans and facing almost j certain capture by one or the oth- ) it. 1 At the same time other forces aperating from the Adriatic fort ress of Vis completed the libera- j tion of three more important Dal- , matian islands, including Korcu- s la. The largest in the group, Brae, , had been cleared earlier of the enemy after a bitter four-day , Eight. J The capture of Lajkovac, only 23 miles from the point where the Belgrade-Sofia railroad and high way run side by side placed them in an excellent position to cut off \ the last escape route of strong t Serman garrisons at Nis, Lesko vac, Kraljevo, and Krugujevac, which also are threatened by com- ^ bined Partisan-Bulgar forces mov- £ ing westward from Pirot and by I elements advancing up the line# c af communication from the south. -V- B PLANS TO WED e HOLLYWOOD, Sept. 16. —(,fP)— t Singing screen actress Marilyn t Maxwell will be married in New c York at 5 p.m. tomorrow to radio and film player John Cdhte, she in formed her studio by telephone to day. The ceremony will be per- r formed at the little church around v the corner. e --V- t The world’s first electrically run 1 Lailroad train was operated in the s United States in 1887 n 25 Years Ago J (FROM THE FILES OF THE STAR-NEWS) SEPTEMBER 17, 1919 The annual reunion of Companies 1 and B, heavy artillery, will be teld tomorrow at Burgaw. The board of education has ac [uired by purchase from Harriett lellamy the northwest corner lot it Market and 13th street. Pur hase of this property gives the loard of education all property on darket street from 13th to 14th lack to Princess street. This will ie used for the new high school luilding. Dr. and Mrs. A. H. Harriss and amily have moved from' their ummer home on the sound to pend the winter season at their esidence 409 Dock street. -V Sutler Heads Negro Division Of Chest E. M. Butler, insurance man, ;as elected to direct the work of oe, Negro division of the Com nunity Chest, at a meeting of ne ro committeemen held yesterday fternoon. it was announced by W. tanald Stewart, general campaign hairman. Other officials of the negro divi ion will be B. T. Washington, gen ral secretary, principal of Willis on primary school; R. F. Lee, i-easurerr; H. Cal Moultrie, publi ity. -V GOING TO ITALY NEW YORK, Sept. 16.—(A3)—Do mestic relations court justice Ju enal Marchisio, president of Am rican Relief for Italy,. Inc., said )day he would leave soon for Ita r to administer * distribution of ripments of food, clothing and ledical supplies EASTERN TOBACCO AVERAGE BOOSTED WILSON, Sept. 18.—UP) — The war food administration and the State Department of Agriculture said today that despite lower qual ity offerings, flue-cured tobacco markets in North Carolina's east ern belt increased their average by $1.13 during the sales week end ing Friday. Averages for some leaf, smok ing leaf, and cutter grades were up $1 to $2 over the previous week’s quotations, WFA said. Some priming grades showed $1 increases, while limited offerings of green primings showed a de crease of from $2 to $3. However, the bulk of sales brought from $40 to $46. The volume of sales was heavy every day during the week, with 33,495,631 pounds being marketed at an average of $41.91 par hun dred. This brought the season’s gross sales to 77,702,072 pounds, which averages $41.50, or $2 under the*, price ceiling. Offerings during the week were composed of a considerably larger percentage of low and common qualities and a correspondingly smaller proportion of fine, good and fair tobaccos, WFA said. A large increase in the percentage of leaf grades sold resulted in this group becoming the predominant offerings for the first week this season. War prisoners were being used on some of the markets and in some factories in an effort to re lieve the labor shortage. WFA said some tobacco* still re mained to be harvested in the belt, while the U. S. crop reporting board’s Sept. 1 forecast for type 12 is for 367,410,000 pounds, an in crease of 30 per cent over 1943. Average prices on a limited number of representative U. S. grades, with changes from the previous week: Leaf: Good orange $.46 unchang ed; fair orange $46 up one; low orange $44 unchanged; common orange $42 unchanged; common green (orange side) $35 up one. -v Egg Ceiling Prices To Be Released Soon RALEIGH, Sept. 16. — (fP)—A simplified schedule of ceiling prices for eggs to be effective in 54 eastern North Carolina coun ties will be released soon by the Office of Price Administration’s district heaquarters here, it wr, announced today. T. S. Johnson, OPA district di rector, said the district would be divided into two zones under th^ new regulation, replacing the cur rent and more complicated regula tion, and egg prices for the entire year will he covered. Under the new regulation ceiling prices for eggs will be reduced in eastern counties, he said. -V Hyde County Crops Damaged By Storm RALEIGH, Sept. 16.—(A>)—Dam age to crops in Hyde county from a storm which swept through the coastal counties on Thursday, has been estimated at $200,000 by J. P. 'Woodard, county agent in jgde. Woodard said that all cotton which had not been picked was a total loss. Soy beans were severe y damaged, while pecan and oth er fruit trees were damaged as much as 75 per cent. --V— OLDEST MEMBER NORTH WILKESBORO, Sept. 16. |A*) The North Wilkesboro Kiwa ms club today laid claim to the oldest member of the Kiwanis in ternational. John E. Luther, who celebrated his 101st birthday a few says ago, joined the local club yes terday. -f -V New York city has 578 miles of waterfront : Interpreting TheWar By KIRKE L. SIMPSON Associated Press War Analyst QUEBEC—This mid-SeptMr, veek-end goes into history ^ ettered with significance, it s„.j •he end of the war in Europe J jroaching swiftly and here Quebec the end of the war in ^ :ompletely mapped. From here on the labors 0f th nen who lead the United Nat * 'ellowship will be no less arduo'' ;he problems that comron* 10 less grave. But tney L™ reached a turning point m struggle so far advanced un J road to military victory over Gt' many and Japan alike that tii' rest can be left confidently ;0 th* lighting men while national lesj ers turn to planning tne \vays ar ‘ means, political, economic -5 social, to secure and console the final assured triumph — 5 out of it to fashion enduring Be,„ for the world. Talk Next Steps That was the evident preoccuna tion of President Roosevelt and Prime Minister Churchill as tie! closed out their personal share in the military deliberations that brought them again to Quebv They had stamped their necessa v approval upon the broad strategic design for victory over Japan a]. most within hours of their arriva1 here less than a week ago. They had also exchanged ideas ij. formally on the next necessary steps to be taken in Europe-ani particularly in Germany - whK. Russian and Allied armies have trampled out between them th* last vestigate of Nazi armed re sistance. The war maps about them at the conference headquarters in ih, grim old citadel of the vast Cha teau Frontenac showed almost from hour to hour startling changes all pointing to early vic tory in Europe, and to crumbling Japanese sea defenses. Speculation ran rife in Quebec when the conference assembled here as to whether part of its duty would be to name an over-all Allied commander for the war against Japan or for the Pacif.c sector of that* war. No such pur pose, it developed, was on thi Quebec agenda. The Pacific com mand question had peen settled long in advance. Nor can there be any doubt that MacArthur is fully satisfied with the share now assigned him, he recapture of the Philippines. Tnat will be made clear in due course when the division of duties be tween Allied theater commander* in Asia from the Pacific to the Indian ocean, and to CJiina can be revealed. UNRRA FINANCES TO BE DISCUSSED By SIGRID ARNE , MONTREAL, Sept. 16. - - Representatives of th* 44 nation! today prepared to discuss the cri tical problem of whether UNRRA money should be used for the aid of Italy, a question that may bring to light sharp differences of opin ion among the delegates from Al lied countries. Help for Italy would represent a major change of policy in th* Uni'ed Nations’ relief and rehabi litation administration and observ ers said the issue may cause heat ed discussions as the council mem bers began to plan the care pi millions of Europeans caught in the path of war. The European members, led oy the Norwegian group, plan to stand solidly against UNRRA relief for Italy. They point oot tiat soou.d UNRRA’s policy be changed to permit the use of Allied money in Italy. They point out that should similar expenditures in Germany, a procedure which the men from Europe's invaded nations oppose. On the other hand, the United States and the United Kingdom, tht two largest contributors w UNRRA. now have armies in Italy. These armies are forced, for mu; tary expediency, to finance an administer relief to Italy. The opening wedge for consid eration of Italy was made this af ternoon by the United States . ^ presentaiive. Dean Acheson, as;. tant secretary of state. Ache*’', requested the council, in its ■■■■ plenary session, to set up two n • conference committees: One policy and one for procedure. _ are interpreted by observe, s being the necessary machinery^ consider the problem of relie - Italy. -V Japs Surrender barrier Of Upper Chindwin R^e1 SOUTHEAST ASIA COMMA^ HEADQUARTERS. KANDY. Ct LON. Sept. 16—UP)—The Japans apparently have surrendered great natural barrier of the upp • Chindwin river in western Bu- . and still are in flight east''« headquarters announced toda> Patrols of the British Hth ary braved the monsoon-swollen ' rents of the Chindwin, crosse • the east bank and found that ‘ 2,000 to 3,000 survivors of an ■ fated invasion of India from upr Burma had vanished. ^ Moving up to the river's * , bank in force, the British f° hundreds of enemy dead and so _ stragglers — the same eviden of disintegration that has mar*^ the Japanese route of retreat **’ ward from the Allied base of _ phal which these forces hoped seize.