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tlmuutfmt nrmttn Star \“™ --.—--- --- VOL. 77.—NO. 209 . --—-—-— --- P ----WILMINGTON, N. C., THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 21, 1944 FINAL EDITION ESTABLISHED 1S67 I Americans Check Position In Reich These American doughboys are checking their positions on a map beside a sign post in the Stadt Forest near Aachen, Germany. Left to right: Pvt. Edward Ashley. Macon. Ga.; Cnl. John T. Ward, Clin | ton, X. Y.: Cpl. Chester Smith, Lackawanna, N. Y.; Pvt. Wallace Po teet, Covington, Ga.; Capt. Marvin Floro (holding map), Chicago; t Pvt. Perry Price, Watertown, N. Y., and Pvt. Robert Berlin, East Mel ! ten, Pa. |AP wirepheto from Signal Corps Radiophoto). probe Demanded Of Pearl Harbor WASHINGTON, Sept. 20.—(A3)—A House sub-com mittee urged an immediate and independent investigation of the Pearl Harbor disaster today while senators engaged in another hot argument on the subject. uccjdiiiig we snuuia learn iorg ourselves what happened,” a house sub-committee composed of two re publican and one democrat asked the naval committe and military committee to set up congressional insvetigators working independent of military officials. But Chairman May (D-Ky) of the military committee said he j wouldn't do anything about the rec-j ommendation. I “Congress has passed a resolu tion directing the Army and the Navy to investigate the Pearl Har- j lor disaster,” he said, “and untili Congress decides that it wants to ‘ do otherwise, those departments I should do the investigating.” Chairman Vinson (L>-Ga) of the Mvai committee is out of town lot the ranking republican mem-: ler, Kep. Maas (R-Minn), said Vinson probably would feel as May ; does. ! In the senate Wiley (h-Wis) said the Commander-in-Chief, War and Nivv departments, rather than Congress, are responsible for fail ure to start court martial pro cedingg to determine responsibil ity for the success of the Japanese' attack. Senator Hatch (D-NM) replied that senate debate about Pearl j Na o-r has been “v’cioucly par-1 tisan ' ar.d Senator O’Mahoney (D-| Uyoi declared it is ‘‘easy to create: the impression during a presiden-; Cal campaign” that some “great, Wrong'' has been done by the Pres-! dent. fhose whose efforts are used to | undarmin the con+'iden"e in ou* Sovernment are not acting in the j lest inteiest of our country,” he! declared. Tie house sub-committee—Rep resentative Herbert (D-La), Colej [N-NYi and Hess (R-Ohio)—said ■ ,r'e demand for the full story of. [Continued on Page Three; Col. 3)' LEGION ELECTS N. Y JWAN CHIEF CHICAGO. Sept. 20.— W —The American Legion drew their pat tern for a postwar United States today. Before concluding their 26th an nual convention by electing Ed ward N. Scheiberling. Albany, N. Y., attorney, as national com mander, the Legionnaires adopted resolutions recommending: Unconditional su»render and per manent disarmament of Germany and Japan, with opposition to a “soft peace;” An association of free nations “implemented with whatever force may be necessary” to maintain peace and prevent recurrence of war; Immediate enactment of legis lation for universal one-year mili tary training of qualified young American men, upon expiration of the selective service act. Continued control of army and navy bases needed for national se curity, maintenance of ,an Ameri can navy capable of combatting ‘any probable combination of hos tile ships,” and “vigorous opposi tion” to scrapping any first line ships, and ■Support of the “free enterprise” system, “with government control limited,” and “prompt and sym pathetic administration” of the le gion-supported G. I. Bill of Rights. Scheiberling, a World War I in fantry captain, had been serving as vice-chairman of the Legion National Legislative Committee. He is married and has a son, Ed ward N.. Jr. Accepting the commandership, Scheiberling said in a‘ broadcast that the universal military train (Continued on Page Three; Col. 4) Russian Offensive To Rid Baltic Sta^ft Of Nazi Nets 2,000 Towns; V/Htish Slash At Rhine Defenses — ■ W ——— ■ ■ I— - — — Second Army Attempts To Save Airmen DESPERATE FIGHT Allied Airborne Troops Completely Surrounded In Arnheim Area SUPREME HEADQUAR TERS ALLIED EXPEDI TIONARY FORCE, Thurs day, Sept. 21.—(lP)—British Second Army troops fought desperately today to cross the Rhine river at Nijmegen, Holland, in a race to rescue a huge pocket of Allied Air borne forces isolated in the Arnheim sector and under slashing German attack. The all - important concrete bridge, a mile and a half long and 600 feet above the swift flowing Waal Rhine, still is intact, head quarters declared officially at mid night, but it was firmly held by the Germans, and a great, swirl ing battle was raging. The airborne troops in the Arn hem sector were “completely sur rounded” by the Nazis, headquar ters said officially, and battled furiously in the pocket against the German ring. The Germans increased their air activity greatly and threw planes into heavy bombing and strafing operations both at Arnhem and Nijgemen, and also at British-held Eindhoven. The great battle across the Rhine delta, the German radio said, might prove a decisive western front engagement. Seventy miles to the south U. S. First Army troops under Lt. Gen. Courtney H. Hodges reached Gres senich, four miles east of Stolberg, in Germany. German forces in this area fought furiously and with better coordination than at any time since the battle of Normandy, front dispatches said. The Americans were hanging grimly to the breaches in the Sieg fried line. They repelled repeated fierce infantry and tank attacks, and 36 enemy tanks were knocked out by the First Army in yester day’s fighting alone. The Nazis were throwing in huge reserves in an effort to prevent further penetration into Germany east of Aachen. The German news agency DNB said Allied patrols from the Arn hem sector which had driven across the Dutch-German frontier were pushed back in sharp counterat tacks. Allied reports said supplies and reinforcements continued to be flown to the sky troops in this area, despite heavy flak and dis mal weather. Lt. Gen. Sir Miles C. Dempsey’s British Second Army merged with the other two airborne task forces in the snowballing drive across southern Holland yesterday in a spectacular advance. Several clashes occurred, particularly at the town of Best, where consider able British troops were occupied ih dealing with a strong German counterattack. Failure to take the Waal bridge would mean at least days of delay while engineers install pontoons across the wide, deep stream. This bridge and one steel rail span along side are the only available cross ings in the vicinity. (Continued on Page Three; Col. 2) I ■ - " ■ ■■ ■■ ■ ■ — if Bombers Attack Halmahera Pier Attacking at low level, American bombers of the II. S. Army’s 5th Air Force and the Far East Air Forces set fire to Wasile pier on Halmahera Isl and, last Jap bastion between New Guinea and the Philippines. The date of this attack, not disclosed by the air forces, preceded the current invasion of the enemy base. (AP wirephoto from Air Forces). Solons Race To Adjourn ____ u J._. U. S. INTRY SEIZES AWGAUR U. S. PACIFIC FLEET HEAD QUARTERS, Pearl Harbor, Sept. 20—(tf)—The 81st infantry has com pletely captured little Anguar island, southernmost of the Palau group. The conquest came yesterday afternoon when, Admiral Chester W. Nimitz said, in a communique organized Japanese resistance ceased, but “mopping up opera tions’’ are proceeding. The conquest required 3 and one half days. Elements of the 81st landed on the three square mile wooded, Claral island, Saturday morning and progressed steadily south. They encountered relative ly light opposition from an esti mated 1,000 Japanese defenders, Remnants of the Japanese gar rison undoubtedly scattered heavily wooded portions of the island, but so few and broken up that it is believed they can offer only sniper resistance. There was no further word from Peleliu, six miles north where the first Marinas are meeting bitter, fanatical Japanese resist ance. Approximately half of Pe leliu ha^ fallen already to the Marines. -V DRAFT EVADER HELD BY BUFFALO POLICE RALEIGH, Sept. 20.— (&)— State penal director Oscar Pitts said to day that extradition papers would be drawn up immediately to re turn Ben T. Grice, 24-year-old es capee from Central prison, to North Carolina to complete his sen tence. Grice was taken into custody in Buffalo. N. Y., yesterday by the Federal Bureau of Investigation on a charge of failing to possess selec tive service registration and classi fication cards. He pleaded guilty to the charge and was held for grand jury action. -V Abandoned Dog Awaiting Master COLUMBIA, S. C., Sept. 20. —(TP)— Shortly after daybreak Monday on a road north of here a soldier stopped his car, took the dog from the trunk compartment, placed him on a pile of papers at the side of the road and drove away. The dog sat on the papers and waited. During the day he wandered nearby, refused of fers of good. Each time a car approached, he ran to the spot sat down, and beat a tattoo on the paper with his tail. As the car passed, he droop ed his ears, tucked his tail and sulked along the roadside. Time after time this was re peated. Four Major Bills Ready For Germany’s End; Sent To F.D.R. WASHINGTON, Sept. 20 —UD— Congress completed today the last of four major bills preparing for the collapse of Germany, sending to President Roosevelt’s desk!* ‘States Rights” legislation draw ing the outlines for demobilization and reconversion. Victorious in a race against time, the lawmakers reached for their hats to go home until after the November elections. Many of them ] face tough fights for reelection. Speaker Rayburn (D-Tex) voiced hope that the recess would start late this week. The demobilization and reconver sion bill included a mandate on the release of soldiers and sailors no longer needed to fight, declaring: i “The War and Navy depart-; ments shall not retain persons in] the armed forces for the purpose, of preventing unemployment or; awaiting opportunities for employ ment.’’ The legislation leaves control of j unemployment insurance entirely ; in state hands. At house insistence; it was stripped of senate provisions; for back home travel pay, up to $200 a family, for war workers, and unemployment insurance for 3,100,000 federal employes. Chairman Doughton (D-NC) of the Ways and Means committee, who led the battle against these provisions, told the house he would call the committee to make a study of back home travel allow ances and federal employe jobless insurance when congress reassem bles. The legislation sets up a separate administration to handle reconver sion problems. It provides non-in terest loans for states and cities to plan postwar works; guar antees the solvency of state unem ployment compensation funds, and sets up a retraining and reemploy ment office with power to coordi nate existing activities. The four-way program embraces: 1. Creation of the war mobili zation and reconversion adminis tration, through the legislation which the house, by an overwhel ming voice vote, sent to the presi dent today. 2. Machinery for the disposal oi about $100,000,000,000 of war-ac cumulated property, under the su pervision of a three-member board. This bill also is on the president’s desk. 3. A system for terminating war contracts, intended to facilitate indust: y in speedily shifting from the production of weapons of war to civilian goods. This legislation already is on the statute books. 4. The ‘GI Bill of Rights,” also made law, providing benefits for war veterans. DEWEY DEPARTS DESPITE WRECKS ENROUTE WITH DEWEY, Sept. 20——Like a crash landed aviator taking immediately to the air again Gov. Thomas E. Dewey travelled toward San Francisco in his re paired special train today to out line his concept of how the gov ernment should treat the Public. The Republican challenger of a fourth term drive for President Roosevelt left Portland, Ore., short, ly after 11 a. m., Pacific war time behind a shiny new locomotive. He went immediately to his private car and set about revising the broadcast he will deliver in San Francisco tomorrow night. It will be the third in a series of four on the Pacific coast. Appearing none the worse for the shaking up he received when his special crashed into the rear of a stalled passenger train at Castle Rock, Wash., yesterday, the governor stopped his motor cara van briefly in front of the “50,001 Club’’ in Portalnd enroute from his hotel to the train. He waved and oowea to a crowd in front of the club—an outgrowth of the 50,001 write in votes accord ed him in the Oregon primary elec tion—but did not speak. The night before he had received the most tumultous ovation of his transcontinental tour when he de nounced the “indispensable man” campaign which he said was being waged by the Democrats. A crowd of about 7000 in Port land’s ice coliseum yelled, cheered and stomped their feet when he asserted “there is no indispensable man.” -V REGISTER 500 WAKE FOREST, Sept. 20—flP)— Wake Forest college prepared to day to register approximately 500 students tomorrow for the open ing of the school’s 111th session. Classes will begin Wednesday. Reds Advancing On Broad Front LONDON, Sept. 20.— (AP)—Propelled by a double breakthrough in Estonia by a Fourth Army group, th« Bed Army’s grand offensive to rid the Baltic states of Ger mans before snow flies has engulfed nearly 2,000 more towns and reached within 50 miles of Tallin, Estonian cap ital, Moscow disclosed tonight. YEW YORK GETS LOCAL EXPORTS * ATLANTA, Sept. 20. — UR — foutheastern shipping representa ives, demanding a larger share of vorld trade, were told today that n 1943 New York alone had ex jorts nearly six times greater than he total for seven south Atlantic rnd Florida ports. The Atlantic-Florida ports con ference, formed at Savannah, Ga., ast month, met here to discuss nlans for seeking what was termed i more equitable portion of the nation’s sea-going traffic. Thomas E. Grady, traffic con sultant of the Greater Miami Traf fic association, disclosed that New York’s exports last year totaled approximately 450,000 carloads, while t/.ly about 80,000 carloads moved out of Wilmington, N. C., Charleston, S. C., Savannah, Ga., Jacksonville, >ort B e r g 1 a d e s, Miami and Tampa, Fla. The south is entitled to a greater share of shipping than it has re ceived in the past, Grady added, and the Atlantic-Florida ports con ference intends to make every ef fort to see that an adjustment is maae. Pointing to this region’s prox imity to Latin America, he as serted that “we have the ba sis upon which to build the south's foreign commerce.” The conference voted to solicit support of the senior senators from each of the four states involved— North and South Carolina, Florida and Georgia—“in trying to get some recognition.” The senators will be asked to arranged a meet ing of Leo T. Crowley, head of the Foreign Economics Adminis tration, with a representative of each Atlantic-Florida port. RADIOTESTIMONY AIRED AT HEARING WILSON, Sept. 20.—(iP)—Radio testimonials were questioned in a hearing here today growing out ol a government contention that the R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Co. did not conform to federal trade com mission policies in the advertising of Camel cigarettes. A stipulation of the FTC was put into the record as to radio pro grams and listed the names of 250 persons, some of them nationA’J' prominent whom, it was contend ed, “were not on the radio in per son” nor were “their own voices used.” The FTC has contended that Camels used voices on radio oth er than those of the persons rep resented as giving the testimon ials, and maintaining that actual ly such persons did not broadcast. Names in the list introduced in to the record today included such nationally prominent persons Is Joe Di Maggio, Sir Hubert Wil kins, arctic explorer; Willie Hoppe, former billiard champion; Big Bill Tilden, Gene Sarazer., Com mander Edward Ellsberg, Buckj Walters and many others. The hearing will continue here tomorrow, and FTC attorneys in dicated that they would conclude their case at that time. • An oraer 01 uie aay iium Premier Stalin to Marshal Leonid A. Govorov of the Leningrad front forces and the midnight Moscow com munique announced a break through north of Tartu, east central Estonian rail city, had gained more than 43 miles on a front 75 miles wide and had taken more than 1,500 towns in four days. A northern wing of the same army thrust westward from Nar va in a 37-mile advance in three days, taking more than 300 com munities. These forces stood less than 65 miles east of Tallinn at Rahkla and less than 50 southeast at Na va. Width of the latter front was not disclosed, but the list of captured towns made evident that the two wings of the Leningrad army were joined and that the Russians now had a solid, advancing front swing ing more than 300 miles sou*h westward from the Gulf of Fin land to points west of Riga, with the Leningrad, third, second and first Baltic forces all in action. On the Riga front, .where only Tuesday the Russians announced penetration by the firs* Baltic ar jmy to six miles south of that cap ital city oi Latvia, the communi que was silent except to mention repulse of German counterattacks west of the city. The second Baltic, operating about 55 miles east of Riga, seized another 100 towns in the area north of captured Plavinas and the third Baltic, pressing northwest and south from the newly-captur ed key railway junction city of Valga, took more than 50 addi tional places in southern Estonia and northern Latvia. Added to the nearly 3,000 towns listed by the Rusisans Tuesday as captured in the great offensive, the total bag was near 5,000 in five days of the offensive to kill or drive into the sea the Nazis re maining in Estonia, Latvia and Li thuania. These German troops re cently were estimated to number possibly 200,000, certainly numeri cally inferior to the Soviet forces opposing them. The Germans in their commu (Continued on Page Two; Col. 3) -V G.I. BILL OFFICERS APPOINTED IN STATE RALEIGH, Sept. 20. — <X>) — Charles M. Johnson, state treasurer and George Ross Pou, state audi tor, today were appointed by Maj. A. L. Fletcher, chairman of tho state unemployment compensation commission, to handle certain phas es of administration of the "GI bill” in North Carolina. Johnson will act as treasurer and custodian of federal funds to be paid out to unemployed veter ans of this war who apply for benefits under the ”G. I.” bill. Pou will act as auditor and disbursing officer and will certify and mail the benefit checks. The UCC has been designated t< handle the bill’s administration 11 the state and already is receiving claims from returning veterans al its local offices throughout thV state. America Names Polish Envoy WASHINGTON, Sept. 20.—(/P) In a diplomatic move with a bearing on the domestic poli tical picture, President Roose velt today named Arthur Bliss Lane as ambassador to the ex iled government of Poland — thereby suddenly reaffirming United States support for the regime which Russia declines to recognize or deal with. Lane is one of eight ambassa dors whose names the presi dent submitted to the senate today for confirmation. Five of the men drew European assign ments, covering six countries now being liberated or soon to be. , Most attention centered on the unexpected naming of Lane to the Polish government at London. It comes at a time when Premier Stanislaw Mikol ajczyk is still trying, so far as is known here, to work out some agreement with Mosctftv whereby his government may be merged with the Soviet sponsored Polish committee of liberation. There were two possible in terpretations of the president’s action, as diplomats saw it. One was that an agreement for settlement of the Russo Polish dispute had actually been arrived at or was near, so that ihe president felt free to name an ambassador whose duties could be continued re gardless of the merger of the London government and the Polish committee, which ac tually is doing the administra tive work in Russian liberated areas of Poland. The other interpretation wa3 that on the question of Poland the United States was deter mined, regardless of Russian policy, to stand by the exiled government. It is at this point that domestic political impli. cations come in, since there is a large Polish - American vote in this country which is believed by officials here to be committed to support e( the London regime. The United States has been without even a nominal diplo matic representative to the London government for sever al months. The last ambassa dor was Anthony J. Drexel Biddle, who resigned as am bassador to the Polish and several other exiled govern ments early this year and en tered military service. 15th Army Breaches Gothic Line Rome, Sept. 20.—(A1)—The j Allied communique today an nounced that American Fifth a,rmy troops have breached the massive, fiercely defended Rozi Gothic line on a six mile rront above Florence, opening the way for swifter descent on tne p0 valley some 23 mile* distant. Easily defended mountain mods winding toward Bologna, | gateway to the central sec ,ion of the valley, and Imola, a smaller industrial city, prob ably will keep the advance to « relatively slow pace until Al ueci forces burst into the flat lands. A greater immediate threat l° the Gormans was an Eighth army push by Canadian., and Greek troops to the outer de fenses of Rimini, Adriatic port at the southeastern tip of the valley from where tanks and infantry could spread in a huge flanking movement. Its airfield already is in Allied hands. Troops in this area are as saulting the village of San Fortunato, and nearby have reached the outskirts of San Marino and captured Serra valle. The American breakthrough above Florence climaxed one of the toughest assignments of the Italian campaign and a week of the heaviest fighting. It carried Fifth army forces to within three milles of the Ap ennine stronghold of Firenzu ola, a road center about 22 miles from Bologna. Brazilian, South African, British and Indian troops sup ported the Americans on both flanks and maintained strong pressure against the Germans in close fighting, l^ore than 600 prisoners were taken in two days. With the battle for the Po valley near, the Italian gener al staff broadcast' an appeal to patriots in northern Italy to rise against the Germans. “Hit at once for liberation of Piedmont and Italy,” they were told. .. Aerial support for the ground troops was strong. Tactical air craft struck targets in the bat tle area, and heavy bombers hit enemy concentrations around Rimini. jf.