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-- * <* Cy w RENENBEB I=s:~ I ummgum untutg fntu •sss ^iQ 210 _ — VOL.J jTI—' --WILMINGTON, N. C., FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER. 22, 1944 FINAL EDITION ESTABLISHED 1567 Three Killed, Fourth Hurt, In Road Spill CAR jumps highway Traveling At High Speed On Castle Haynes Route Eight Miles Out Three persons were killed ah< one remains in a serious conditioi at James Walker Memorial hospi t,,; following an automobile wrecl ,j*2 p.m. Thursday on the Casth Havnes road, eight miles from Wil mington. He dead are Robert J. Perry, e Queen City Coach company bus driver; Mary Newland, 7-A-ll Hoop er drive, Maffitt Village; Mrs. Al lene Sides. 23, 7-A-12 Hooper drive, Maffitt Village^ George Marks of Carolina Beach is reported by hospital attaches *o be in a serious condition, but conscious and doing fairly well. State Highway patrolmen report ed that Mrs. Sides was killed in stantly. According 10 an investigation by the highway patrol, the death car left the highway on the lefl side as it was traveling north on the Castle Haynes road, striking the guide wire on a Tide Water Power company pole, and smash ln« into the pole six feet above the ground. The light pole was re ported by highway patrolmen to be 226 feet from where the ca: left the highway and approximate ly 19 feet from the highway. The car came to a halt after turning over several times 286 feet from where it originally hit the shoulder of the road, patrolmen said. The top of the co-vertible was completely smashed. The lefl front tire had blown and officers said this may have caused the ac cident. Power lines on the damaged pole were carrying 33.000 volts on the top arm and 4,000 volts on the low er arm, but no lines were broken. Three of the victims were thrown clear of the car and Mrs. Sides was pinned beneath the wreckage, investigators said. Witnesses declared the car to be traveling at high speed. _v... . __ CAFFERY NAMED TO FRENCH POST WASHINGTON, Sept. 21— - President Roosevelt today appoint, ed Jefferson Caffery, just returned from the post of ambassador tc Brazil, as United States represent tative to Gen Charles de Gaulle’s French committee. He will have the personal rani of ambassador but not the actual post, since this country has nol recognized the committee formallj 8s a government. This move rounds out the list of diplomatic appointments tc Europe with the exception 01 Czechoslovakia. _ The designation of Caffery, sends s top ranking American diplomat to deal with the French for the first time since Edwin C. Wilsor returned from lAlgiers several months ago. --V Commercial Division Of Chest Organized Gardner D. Greer of MacMillan Cameron, director of the com merical division of the War Ches: dri?e, has completed the organ! lation of his staff, following meet Kgs of the division held this week Greer announced yesterday after !'oon the appointment of the follow ®g assistants; G.oup A — C. L. Harris, of F r Woolworth company; Group B, Charles Harrington of Hyman Sup fly company; Group C, Sam Ber pcr; Group D. John M Butt, Jr.: 8nd Group E, R. M. Williams Greer affirmed confidence tha . commerical phase of the cam jK’gn, which opens next week, wil uphold past records and contributi wstantially to the Chest goal o uM.338 ..^e ¥ck'°^ meeting heraldinj e beginning of divisional solici aticm is scheduled for 8 o’clock n . Monday morning, at St. Paul’: Pansh house. ^arl Harbor Inquiry ^oard On Way To D. C JAN FRANCISCO, Sept. 21.—(£ ihe army board sent to Honoluli 10 investigate the Pearl Harbo ack prepared to leave San Fran co for Washington, today, th Almy said. ,^he board recently returned t ,°n Francisco after two week) Pent jn Honolulu. The board wil ca"u i 6 investigation in th . ,a‘- It has been in continuou ssions since August 24 and cor Ts ot" the following: C 'cut. Gen. George Grunert, Ma; to?; Henry D. Russell, Maj. Ger Tto - 'H' Frank. Col. Harry P -'jaimin, executive officer; Co •arles W. West, recorder, an Henry J. Clausen, assistar leco*^ General Eisenhower, Too Much For Enemy, Yields To Physician GENERAL EISENHOWER PARIS, Sept. 21. —(A1)— Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower has been confined to his camp for several days on his doctor’s orders. The general has been driving himself to the point where, though his brilliant and tremendous mind could stand the pace, his exceed ingly tough physique could not. His health deteriorated so much that he was literally instructed not to leave his camp for several days. He is in tip-top form again today, however, and sparks are flying about getting this thing over with. -V DEWEY DEMANDS TAX REVISIONS G.O.P. Candidate Declares For Free American Economy BY GARDNER BRIDGE SAN FRANCISCO, Sept. 21—— Drastic revision of what he called ‘our repressive tax laws” was call ed for by Thomas E. Dewey to night as he outlined his program for a free American economy, gently guided by a benevolent gov ernment. “We must have the kind of taxes that do not discourage, but en courage men to start new busi nesses,” he declared, “and to ex pand old businesses.” The Republican presidential nom inee, in a prepared speech broad cast over the nation, said present tax laws operate “to penalize in centive and to put a brake upon the kind of enterprise that makes job opportunities.” He depicted an economy in which government functions only to stim ulate the efforts of private busi nessmen and farmers, thus pro viding jobs for all. But, he declared: “In any time there are not sufficient jobs in private employment to go around, then government can and must create additional job opportuni i ?_»> taco. There was no amplification of 1 this passage. At another point Dew ey declared jobs for everyone can not be found in government itself. “If all of us should go to work for the government,” he said, “then our present system would be no different from communism or fas cism.” The New York governor declar ed “there are many means” to the end of promoting “widespread job opportunities in private enterprise including the creation of foreign markets and the promotion of foreign trade. “We will achieve our objective,” he declared, “Only if we create ■ an economic climate in which busi ness, industry and agriculture can grow and flourish. “Government regulations which discourage and wear down pro ducers in every field must be re vised. The whole atmosphere of studied hostility toward our job producing machinery must be re placed.” In his third major speech of this week’s campaign swing down the (Continued on Page Five; Col. 4) U.S. Bombers BlastNa Oil Ref 1,000 Allied Air Hard From To Yugoslavia, Hungary LONDON, Friday, Sept. 22. —(/P) —More than 1,000 U. S. heavy bom bers and fighters struck through dismal flying weather at the Na zis’ synthetic oil plant in Ludwig shafen again yesterday while oth er Allied planes hammered Ger man communications behind the Siegfried line and dropped Polish paratroopers and supplies in Hol land. Over Nijmegen, where heavy land fighting was raging, the Ger man air force fought equally des perate battles in the sky but Thun derbolt fighters of the U. S. Eighth Air force shot down 20 Nazis at a cost of four American planes. The U. S. heavy bombers, in hitting Ludwigshafen and the rail feeder cities of Mainz and Cob lenz, met no fighter opposition and only moderate flak. Three bom bers were lost. u. b. Ninth Air force fighter bombers made more than 400 sor ties during the day, at least half of them in the sector between Col ogne and Trierm. Five planes were missing from the operations in the Metz-Mannheim area. Since Friday night, at the begin ning of the huge sky operation which dropped an army behind the Nazi lines in Holland, Allied air men have flown more than 12,000 sorties in support of that blow. The oil plant at Ludwigshafen, once the pride of Adolf Hitler’s syn thetic petroleum industry, had been battered a half dozen times this month, but a few units still were reported functioning there when the fresh cascade of explosives was delivered late today. During the night RAF bombers dropped between 3,360 and 4,480 tons of explosives on a German gar rison besieged at Calais, 22 miles across the channel from the Bri tish coast. After this two and one half hour attack rocket-firing ty phoons sprayed the Nazi gun posi tions in the port. The daylight American task force was formed by 400 Flying Fortress es and Liberators and 600 Thun derbolt and Mustang fighters which not only escorted them, but gave support to other aircraft continu ing the airborne invasion of Hol land. The American heavyweights split up for the attacks on the three German industrial oities near the west bank of the Rhine. Other un disclosed targets were attacked in this area, which is nearly 100 miles beyond the U. S. ground troops which have invaded Germany. The heavies were followed by three waves of medium bombers in (Continued on Page Three; Col. 2) -V A.C.L. and L. & N. Name Frederick B. Adams As Chairman Of boards NEW YORK, Sept. 21. —(£>)— Frederick B. Adams was elect ed chairman of the hoards of the Atlantic Coast Line and Louisville & Nashville railroads today. He succeeded the late Lyman Delano. Adams has been a member of both boards for many years and has served on their execu tive committees at various times. Louisville & Nashville direc tors authorized redemption on Jan. 1 at 102 the entire $10,997, 000 unified mortgage 3 1-2 per cent bonds and all outstanding collateral trust 3 l-2s. The Atlantic Coast Line had previously called for redemp tion at 105 on Nov. 1, $9,000,000 of ACL-L & N collateral 4s and another call has gone out for redemption of $1,791,000 Flori da Southern 4s on that date. American Planes Attack Manila, t Down 205 Foe Planes, 11 Ships; Nijmegen Bridge Taken In Coup - X_ _+ - SEIZURE FLANKS SIEGFRIED LINE Germans Cling Desperately To Metz. Rail City North Of Nancy SUPREME HEADQUAR TERS ALLIED EXPEDI TIONARY FORCE', Sept. 21. — (JP) — American airborne troops in a dramatic coupe seized the vital lower Rhine bridge at Nijmegen intact today and British tanks rac ed over it and deep into Hol land through enemy defenses guarding the Nazi industrial might in the Ruhr valley. (The Berlin radio said British troops fought on north to a junc tion with British airborne forces al Arnhem, and the German Trans ocean agency said the city was ir flames.) As American parachute troops and gliderborne infantry dashed oul on the bridge and jerked loose the enemy’s demolition charges, the British second army attacked si multaneously from the south, pour ing out of shell-torn Nijmegen against the German defenders. How the Americans got across to the north bank of the Waai Rhine to accomplish this daring feat was not immediately learned at supreme headquarters, but, their valor saved the Allies from a time consuming setback in the battle of Holland. The crossing occurred some time yesterday, and when British guns on the other side signalled the at tack they dashed from hiding, screaming their battle cry of “Ger onimo”. Now the battle has swung to ward Arnhem, eight miles north, where the British Second Army hopes to come to the relief of hard pressed airborne units which arc believed holding a bridge across the Neder Rhine, a second formidable watercourse in the Rhine delta. If that crossing is secured they will have only the Ijssel river to ford before they are out on Ger many’s northern plains north oi (Continued on Page Three; Col. 3) •-V Russians Race Across Estonia LONDON, Friday, Sept. 22.—(yT*)— Russian troops racing across th« top of Estonia at a mile-an-houi clip yesterday drove to within 4E miles of Tallinn, Estonian capital, as another powerful Red army swept down the western slopes oi Romania’s mountain chain anc reached the great Hungarian plair only 48 miles from Szeged, Hun gary’s second city. Marshal Rodion Y. Malinovsky’; Second Ukraine Army in western Romania was only 17 miles from Hungary’s pre-war frontier and 13f miles from the bomb-shattered Hungarian capital of Budapest. His men were expected to cross the Hungarian border soon with the double aim of trapping from the rear all the German and Hun garian forces pinned down in nor thern Transylvania, and knocking out Hungary, last big satellite na tion still in Germany’s camp. Although Moscow was silent or the great impending decision al Warsaw, in the center of the long eastern front, Berlin indicated that the Russians had established bridgeheads on the western bank of the Vistula river just north and south of the ruined Polish capital, U. S. Vehicles Pass Burned German Houses Yank vehicles drive past the smouldering ruins of houses in a German village near Aachen, fired during American penetration of the Nazi homeland. Peter J. Carroll, Associated Press photographer with the war still-picture pool, made this original picture. (AP wirephoto). Marines On Peleliu Edge Forward Against Bitter Enemy Opposition SPEAKERS BUREAU FORMED FOR DRIVE Communiyt Chest And War Fund To Be Publicized By Corps Of 18 At an organizational meeting oi the Community Chest and Wai Fund campaign Speakers’ bureau, held at the St. John’s Tavern yes terday, Rabbi M. M. Thurman, bu reau chairman, pointed out thai despite the general large purchas ing power of the people and the heavy bu.^rrss being done in the community a successful drive will be more difficult this year thar at any time since the Chest was instituted both because the goal is larger and the number of persons gainfully employed is fewer. The campaign can be successful, he pointed out, only if the need is presented constructively to everj resident and employers encourage their workers to increase theii gifts. He placed a large share oi getting the message over upon the speakers, of whom he expects a1 least 18 -to be available upon call The Rev. Walter B. Freed, presi dent of the Community Chest spoke briefly on the benefits tc be obtained from the Chest anc its method of raising funds foi charitable and war r/lief purposes and the opportunity provided foi unifying the community. Henry R. Emory, chairman oi the Chest Information committe commended the preliminary wort for the drive and expressed the opinion that notwithstanding its size the goal — $164,838 — would be reached, possibly passed, in the designated time. Fred Foley, who is here to direct (Continued on Page Three; Col. 4) _v_ Death Sentence Given Pietro Caruso, Rome’s Nazified Police Chiei ROME, Sept. 21.— UP) —Pietn Caruso, police chief in Rome dur ing four months of German occu pation, today was sentenced to di< by being shot in the back for hi: collaboration with the Nazis. I was the first war criminal tria in Italy. The high court of justice con demned Roberto Occhietto, Caru so’s secretary and co-defendant, ti 30 years’ imprisonment on thi same charge. The eight-man high court of jus tice presided over by Judge Lc renzo Maroni heard prosecute Marie Berlinguer characterize th two defendants as “wild beasts' ■ and the verdicts were announce: ' after a two hours’ deliberation. i Caruso — convicted of turninj • over to the Germans 50 of 33 : hostages executed by the Nazis a ■ Fosse Ardeatine last March • turned pale as Maroni pronounce: the death sentence * t U. S. PACIFIC FLEET HEAD QUARTERS, Pearl Harbor, Sept. 21 —up>— Battling bitter opposition and strong natural defenses, Amer ican Marines edged forward today along the western shore of Peleliu island in probably the concluding phase of the invasion of that stra tegic Japanese position east of the Philippines. Less than 3,000 Japanese, out of an original force estimated at more than 10,000, were contesting the un relenting Marine drive to wind up the week-old invasion. They were aided by the jagged terrain and fixed defenses more numerous than ever before encoun tered by the Marines in many island invasions in the Pacific. Amid the crags of steep ridges and along the sides of deep gullies the Nipponese were dug in deeply. Leif Erickson, Associated Press war correspondent of Peleliu, re ported the leathernecks had run up against a perpendicular ridge, pocked with caves and under ene my crossfire from steel doored concrete underground strongpoints. Maj. Gen. Roy S. Geiger, com manding the third amphibious corps, had gone forward to inspect the obstacle. ‘It’s the toughest terrain I’ve ever -<n,” said this whitehaired veteran of the conquests of Guadal canal, Bougainville and Guam. “We’ve had to lower our boys by ropes down the rocky sides to get at some of those caves. That’s the only way to get at them.” Erickson said the Japanese had spent years carving out under ground caverns in the 500-yard wide ridge wall. Guns of these strongpoints commanded the sum mit of the ridge, its foot and the cliffsides. On one crest Erickson saw an 8-inch Japanese naval gun that could sweep all of Peleliu to the south. In his report covering action (Continued on Page Three; Col. 5) WALLACE MAKES SPEECH FOR FDR Vice President Addresses Madison Square Garden Democratic Audience NEW YORK, Sept. 21—'/Pf—Vice President Henry A. Wallace, de feated for renomination at the Democratic National Convention, declared tonight that America must go forward ‘in the light of liberal ism” and that he would vote for President Roosevelt’s reelection. He also urged the reelection of Sen. Robert F. Wagner (D-NY), who he said had sponsored more vital labor legislation than any other man, but he made no ref erence to Sen. Harry S. Truman (D-Mo), his successor as demo cratic vice presidential nominee. Wallace’s address, his first ol the campaign, was prepared for delivery before thousands of per sons attending a Roosevelt rally in Madison Square garden under auspices of the Independent Voters Committe of the Arts and Sci ences for Roosevelt. An admission fee of from 60 cents to $2.40 was charged. The speech was broadcast by the Mutual network. ‘‘Were I a citizen of New York,” Wallace said, “It would be my proud privilege to vote for Wagner and Roosevelt.” Wallace said liberals striving to blueprint the future gave first place in their hearts to “jobs for all, in health and security,” close ly followed by "the problems ol the returned soldier.” “There will have to be much re adjustment, of course,” he said. (Continued on Page Three; Col. 2) CARRIER FORCE CONDUCTS RAID 26 Additional Sea Craft Probably Sunk At Cavite Base U. S. PACIFIC FLEET HEADQUARTERS, PEARL HARBOR, Sept. 21—(£>)— Carrier planes of the Halsey Mitscher third fleet made the United States’ first aerial counterattack of the war on Manila bay area yesterday. They destroyed 205 Japan ese planes and sank 11 war ships and probably sent 26 others to the bottom. A floating drydock and two barges also probably were wiped out. Adm. Chester W. Nimitz reported collection of the first installment of the huge debt to be exacted from the Japanese in the northern Philippines in a special com munique tonight. This severe damage was in flicted in a strongly defended area despite a big umbrella of planes the Japanese sent to intercept American aircraft from Vice Adm. Marc A# Mitscher’s fleet carrier task force. One hundred ten enemy aircraft were shot down in aerial dogfights and 95 more destroyed on historic Clark and Nichols airfields, Manila. The shipping was caught at Cavite naval base in Ma- , *1 „ Admiral Nimitz’ communique re ported that this daring strike by Adm. William F. Halsey, Jr.’S Third fleet, which includes Mits cher’s aircraft carriers, sank these ships: One uarge destroyer leader. Four large oil tankers. One small whale tanker. Two large cargo ships. One medium cargo ship. Two small cargo ships. Ships damaged and probably sunk: One destroyer. Two large whale tankers. One large transport. • Ten large cargo ships. Twelve medium cargo ships. One floating drydock. Two barges. Admiral Nimitz reported that In addition to this heavy damage in flicted on Japanese ships and planes “much damage was done to military objectives adjacent to Clark field and Nichols field and to the fields themselves. “Our losses in this superlatively successful attack which apparent ly caught the enemy completely by surprise was 15 aircraft from which several of the flight per sonnel were recovered. There was no damage to our surface ships." This powerful strike was taken as an indication that Halsey also is charged with protecting amphi bous forces engaged in capturing southern Palau islands % and that Palau operations are progressing so well that it was safe to leave large forces there lightly protect ed from sea or air attack and to renew his bold thrust against the (Continued on Page Three; Col. 3) Hull Declares Hard Peace Means Many Germans Will Be Executed ' WASHINGTON, Sept. 21 —UP)— Secretary Hull, tersely pointing up one aspect of a hard peace for 1 r.azi Germany, said today that a 1 lot of Germans are going to be ■ shot when the war is over. 1 Presumably his number 1 can didate for a firing squad is Hit ler. At a news Conference only a few days ago he said the fuehrer’s name was certainly the foremost on the list of war criminals and that the names of men around Hit ler—evidently including Goering, Himmler and Goebbels—also are listed. I The problem remains of how to j 'apprehend these people. Their cap ture is reported to be one of the agreed objectives of Allied mili ; tary occupation of Germany. If any t of them escape to neutral coun . tries, enormous Allied pressure is 1 expected V> be brought on the neu trals to hand them over 1 More than a year ago President Roosevelt urged neutrals to com mit themselves against refuge for Axis war criminals and Allied dip lomats have been seeking to get these assurances. Some commit ments have been made, but with specific reference to Argentina, Hull has called some of the as surances unsatisfactory. A new warning, therefore appears prob able. Hull took up the subject of Ger man war criminals very briefly at a news conference. His remarks were in response to a request for comment on a Polish proposal that the Allies warn the Germans that if they scorch the earth of Euro pean areas • which they still hold they will be forced to give up fuel, clothing and other necessities to the victims. » The secretary said in response * - / to other questions that the United States expects to be ready to meet chaos, civil war or almost any other conditions which might occu as Germany collapses, but that Al lied plans for the military control of the defeated Reich are not yet complete. One piece of machinery long agreed on by Washington, London and Moscow is a three-power com mission for the administration of German affairs ■ as well as for the evolution of a detailed German pol icy once the Allies find exactly what conditions they have to con tend with. There is a firm conviction in of ficial quarters here that the peace to be given Germany will be a hard peace designed to bring home to the German people that they can not make war on the world without bearing the consequences of des truction they cause Congress Adjourns To Electioneer Faces Heavy Docket Upon Its Return WASHINGTON, Sept. 21.—UP)— Congress began its second extend ed vacation of the year today, ad journing for an electioneering holiday after an eight-weeks ses sion in which it passed a pro ) gram designed to cushion the im ] pact of the war’s end on the na r tion’s economy. ' The lawmakers will return to : the capitol Nov. 14, unless recall ed sooner, to face a docket that J may include such controversial I matters as peacetime compulsory , military training legislation. ; More than a score of incumbent “ house members already have lost their fights for reelection or have failed to seek new terms, and the “lame duck” list may be longer when the lawmakers return. Many ' face stiff contests in the Nov. 7 1 balloting. t The two-point reconversion pro gram laid on President Roose velt’s desk in the closing days cre ated the war mobilization and re conversion administration to chart the transition from wartime to peacetime economy and set up the machinery for disposition of an estimated $100,000,000,000 worth of surplus war property. These two measures supple mented a two-fold reconversion program enacted before the mid summer recess, one part of which blueprinted the method for termi nating war contracts and the oth er — the so-called “G. I. Bill of Rights” — provided benefits for discharged service men. Supplementation of the reconver sion program will' be considered after the recess, Chairman Dough ton (D-NC) of the House Ways and Means committee having ar ranged for a study of back-home travel allowances and federal em 1 ploye unemployment benefit* af ter the election. Whether compulsory peacetime military training will be taken ur immediately after the recess ha: not been determined, but maV members are pressing for its con sideration before the new Con gress takes over in January Events in the European war .wil! decide what other subjects wil require consideration before thi first of the year. Few members remained in towi for the closing Senate and House sessions, most of them havin; hustled homeward for the politica hustings. Among those remainin; were members of the Dies com mittee which will begin publii hearings next week in an investi gation of the political action com mittee.