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CAPTMDEIH SOUTHEAST ASIA COMMANI HEADQUARTERS. Kandy, Cey h nr* IP' -w- 7116 importanl !°r*hwe^t Burma town of Tiddiir Te'en captured by Indian ;:PS after an air attack which ' card Japanese defenses coy. tir‘ the northern approaches, sriB? 1 Lord Louis Mountbat ■ ^command announced today. ter u nf the base from which c ^Japanese launched their un tnt S invasion of India early sacce" canie after months of 11115 y fighting in the first deter heSV) Japanese stand in this "heater since the action at Bishen ‘ India last spring. Pur. " mi'nUe announcing the col Comm, Tiddim asserted that the laPse, forces were now in con A11fedwth enemy south ot 1a“._ along the Japanese es T!ddi®.ute Fate of the Japanese %on was not reported immed Japanese had held posi .. c in the Tiddim-Fort White f since November. 1943, build a supply head Tiddim stands at the southern end of the d to Imphal and Kohima, 20 piles from the India-Burmese Determination and tactical su periority of Allied forces made possible the capture or riuuim, which fell to Indian troops of the fourteenth army. Troops of tue veteran fifth Indian division push ed m from two directions when defenses collapsed under the hea Vv air blows. The division holds a'good record in the Sudan, Afri can Arakan and now1 the Burma campaigns. Following their unsuccessful at tempts to seize Imphal, the Japa nese retreated 100 miles south to Tiddim, pursued by British troops who closed slowly in on the enemy base there. The Japanese were aided in their defense of Tiddim by natur ll terrain conditions such as the Manipur river, and by monsoon weather. The enemy’s first Tiddim de fense was destruction of the bridge at Beltang Lui, a tributary of the Manipur river at the foot of the “Chocolate staircase,” and mining of the road halfway up. But Bulldozers cleared the way for tanks, which climbed 3,000 feet to the crest of the staircase and there poised for the attack. Out er Japanese defenses were com posed of road-blocks four miles north of Tiddim and positions to the southeast of Tiddim protect in gthe Tiddim-Kaiemyo road. The air assault was highlight ed by precision bombing which caused landslide at a vital corner of the Tiddim - Kalemyo escape road seven miles southeast of Tid dim. Tiddim is the first of four forti fied positions on the west-east route to Kalemyo. This west-east line is the most important to Jap anese north of this line add west of Chindwin. In the Arakan area, patrols were active. A strong force of aircraft of the eastern air command yes terday attacked airfields in the Rangoon sector, the Allied com munique said incomplete reports showed that eight enemy aircraft were de stroyed, two probably were de stroyed and six were damaged. Other Allied aircraft attacked gun positions and stores in the Tid dim and Kalemyo areas and south west of . Kwazon. Two A'lied planes are missing. -v_ Publishers Protest Dies Committee Act WASHINGTON, Oct. 19. — (*)— Tour publishers protested to Speaker Sam Rayburn today against what they called the Dies committee's “deliberate use of congressional authority and pub lic funds” to influence the elec ion “by promoting a political at tack ’ on Press Research. Inc. The protest was made in a tele: E>am to Rayburn and Attorney General Biddle which said the Tics committee’s latest volume Names Press Research, Inc., an ■"dependent press service, of "Mch we are founding subscrib es. as a communist front organ ization.” "This is a completely baseless cnarge, recklessly made and sup ported by no slightest shred of !v dence.” it was added. Signing the telegram were Nel son Poynter, editor of the St. Petersburg (Fla) Times and pres ident of Press Research, and pub taiers Josephus Daniels of the ta-eigh (N. c.) News and Ob s'™er' J- David Stern of the Phil adelphia Record, and Mark Eth ■dge of the Louisville Courier - Journal and Times. -V Currants grow profusely on the Ionian isianas. I looking for gifts? You’ll find hundreds ol ^“al‘ty Items In Our Gift h°P. Come in and select your Christmas Gifts Now. ★ SILVERPLATE ★ CHINAWARE ★ PICTURES ★ LUGGAGE ★ CRYSTALWARE And Many Others! &«*/ (Box Gift Shop Downstairs at tKe Jewel Box ^^*®9N-FRONT ST. Just As It Was In Last . War, ExceptIt’s Worse 1 ,nLA£DREM0NT- FRANCE, Oct. 18.—UR—American doughboys arc dug in along this sector northeast of Nancy in many of the same trenches used by Americans over a quarter of a century ago. The doughboy of the First World war dropped back onto the Third army front here would find it just about as he left it, including the mud. s The same shell-shattered towns with manure piles in front of the wrecked houses, the same dripping skies, and above all the mud oceans of it and rivers of it Where the roads are supposed to be. . ‘T don’t believe it’s stopped rain ing since I left this front 27 years ago,” Declared Lt. Col. Joseph E. Shaw, Philadelphia, engineer who fought as an artilleryman near this sector in the last war with the second and 84th divisions and who is back again as an artilleryman with the 80th division. G. I.’s arriving in this area found the ground laced with long, irregular grass - covered depres sions—where trenches of the last war have been almost obliterated by nature. The soldiers dug mod ern foxholes in these same depres sions. Static warfare for a month has tom up the country in Verdun style. Trees lie toppled over, and thousands of yards of this bridge head are pitted with shell holes. Three miles north of this village infantry was moving across the fields toward the front when Ger man shells started coming over. The GI’s never stopped. They must move on and the scene looked like a movie reconstruction of the last war. Destruction in the villages is even greater than in the last war although it was waged for years over one spot then. “That is because we are using heavier and more potent shells and also because of the air force,” Shaw said. The mud already is kneedeep and getting deeper as the tanks tear up even the paved roads. Rains have filled the foxholes brimfull. In this war the troops are billet ing in the fields rather than the villages and as a result GI in genuity has been stretched to com bat discomfort. The infantry at the front can do nothing but lie in the water-filled foxholes and take it, but other troops have gone in for fancy sod covered dugouts with tin walls and wood floors. But freezing winds and ankle deep slush have failed to dampen the troops’ spirits. “We got running water in every iugout,” wisecracked Corp. Con way Nuckols of Jones Springs, W. Va. “My uncle was over here in the last war and he told me it rained 165 days out of the year and by ?olly I believe him,” declared Pri vate Edmund Fisher of Mishawa ka, Ind. He is a lineman with the iOth division. Another lineman, Private Floyd Bruce, 6535 Rogers St., Blooming ion, Ind.; said the mud was even worse than he expected but he was 3etter off than “the poor damned nfantry up there.” Private Alfred R. Taylor, 717 iowden St., Muskegon Heights, Mich., added “Amen.” HUNGARIAN CALLS FOR FINAL STAND LONDON, Oct. 19.— m —Pre mier Ferenc Szalasi, ignoring Adolf Hitler’s frank admission that Germany no longer has a single European ally, appealed to Hungarians today foi a last ditch stand against national ex termination He promised “prosecution of the war at the side of the Tri Partite powers until final victory. The leader of Hungary’s new puppet government, in a procla mation after the first formal meeting of his pro-German cab inet, pledged nationalization of mines and large industries, and postwar expulsion of Hungary’s Jews “to a place designated by international agreement.” He coupled this with a threat to carry out ruthless measures against “enemies from inside or outside the country.” The first Hungarian army, the Paris radio reported, has joined forces with the Russians. (In Moscow, great disturbances were reported in Budapest. A correspondent of Tass, Russian news agency, reported wholesale execution of Jews in Hungary was about to take place, assert ing that all Jews had been lock ed in their homes. (It was also reported from MnjJipnw that >Tiinffarv’« had given soldiers who' turned against the Germans until noon tomorrow to return to duty .un der penalty of death when cap tured.) From Bari, Italy, came vary ing reports on fate of Admiral Nicholas Horthy, former Hunga rian regent. One was that he had fled to the mountains. Another was that the Germans abducted him. Bari reports said strikes virtually had paralyzed Budapest. Street bat tles, as well, were declared in progress. A still more ominous sign as to Horthy’s fate was seen in the broadcast by his longtime enemy and new interior minister, Gabriel Vajna, who said Szalasi’s govern ment had finished ‘‘dispensing with the traitors.” A great armored battle was re ported in the Debrecen area, where the Russians closing in on eastern Hungary are attempting to trap the retreating German sixth and eighth armies. Hungarian experts at Bari said the chief factor preventing Hor thy’s attempt to win an armistice last Sunday was that the Nazis apparently had been tipped off and were able to prepare a coun ter-up. —-v Dies Berates New Deal. At Texas Mass Meeting HOUSTON, Tex., Oct. 19.—(IB— Rep. Martin ies (D*Tex.) at a rally of Texas regulars here to night, said the New Deal is a “phony, extravagant, wasteful and meddling bureaucracy administer ed by 3,000,000 non-elected officials who have promulgated 76,541 de crees, regulations, directives, per missions and prohibitions ’ since 1936. Dies, who is retiring from his congressional post at the end oi his current term, said in an ad dress prepared for delivery be fore the rally, that the New Deal has neither consistency, sincerity nor principle. . “It bemoans the fate of the poor and underprivileged,” he said, “and at the same time wrings from their sweat and toil the money with which to buy diamonds and jewels to bestow upon the wives of New Dealers who christen the cost-plus ships.” --:V The word ‘soviet” means “coun cil” in English. CHURCH OPPOSES VENGEFUL P CE NASHVILLE, Tenn., Oct. 19— (.P)—Opposition to a vengeful and hate-perpetuating peace at the end of the present war was ex pressed in a resolution adopted during the closing session here today of the synod of the Fourth province of the Episcopal church. Declaring that Christian peace must include political, social and economic justice for small na tions and minority groups, the resolution urged all citizens to “exercise care in voting for pub lic officials” and said “members (of the church) shall be called to repentance and faith in Christ as a consequence of previous short sightedness in political, social and economic matters.” Increase of the provincial bud get by 20 per cent over 1944, with most of the addition being appro priated to college work, was an nounced by Dr. Warren Kearney, Mew Orleans, La., in the annual budget report. The Rev. Charles W. Sheerin, Washington, D. C., spoke on the church mission of help of which ae is national pfesident. -V DIESEL ENGINE COURSE PUNNED RALEIGH, Oct. 19. -(^-Edu cators representing several south ern colleges and universities, and members of the Diesel Engine' Manufacturers’ association will meet at N. C. State college to morrow to consider the future sig nificance of the Diesel Engine in the engineering curricular. A luncheon, to be presided over by Henry J, Barbour, sales mana ger of Fairbanks, Morse and company, will conclude a tour of the college’s naval Diesel Engi neering school and the regular en gineering department and- cam pus. Dr. Robert B. Rice, head of the Department of Engineering at State and educational consul tant for the association, will speak at the banquet. Among the educators expected to attend the meeting are Ralph S. Wilbur, chairman of the Me chanical Engineering Department at Duke; J. B- Jones, Of Virginia Polytechnical Institute; Robert L. Allen of the Georgia School of Technology; Charles K. Hixon, head of Buburn college’s Mecha nfcnl Engineering Department John M. Gallalee of the Universi ty of Alabama, and F. B. Herty and J. W. Landau, both of the Me chanical Engineering department of the University of South Caro lina. OFFICER’S SWORD FOUND ON SAIPAN WASHINGTON, Oct. 19.—W—A search for souvenirs in the ashes of a Japanese! headquarters build ing qp Saipan will result in the re turn of a marine officer’s sword held by a Japanese since the cap ture of Guam in December, 1941. Marine Corporal James R. Mar tin of 1233 Brick Church road, Nashville, Tenn., found the sword last July after flame throwers had destroyed the building. He pulled the blade from its fire-blackened scabbard and found the name Walter Nevins Flournoy engraved on the steel. Flournoy is Capt Flournoy, 29, Raleigh, prisoner of the Japanese since the enemy captured Guam. Martin now back in the United States, the Navy said today, plans to deliver the sword to Mrs. Muriel Blackwood Flournoy, the captain’s wife, who lives at 1613 Oberlin road, Raleigh. I ALLIES SHOW GAINS ON ITALIAN FRONT ROME, Oct. 19.—(IP)—The Allies hacked out new gains in northern Italy today against continued bit ter German resistance. The British Eight army drove against Celin cordia, less than a mile south of the fortress town of Cesena on the Rimini-Bologna highway, and the Americans captured additional positions 'south of Bologna. . Despite rain that was handicap ping tbf Allies campaign to sweep across the Po valley, Canadian troops established a bridgehead across the Pisciatello river east of Cesena and north of the Rimini Bologna railway, increasing the pressure on the Cesena objective, New Zealand troops cleared the vil lage of Ruffio, two and a half miles to the east. The drive up highway nine—the ancient via Emilia—was a bloody, tedious fight, and the new rains added new ruts and puddles to the churned up mess that has slowed the Eeighth army for several weeks. British and Indian troops in the hills directly south of Cesena cap tured a number of small villages, including Acquarola and Rover sano, and in the advance on Celin cordia added 40 prisoners for a total bag of 120 in that salient. Desgite German reinforcements, the Americans established them selves at San Clemente, nine miles below Castel San Pietro, an im T_1 ~ 3 Bologna on , the Rimini-Bologna highway. Other Fifth army forces captured Vaglie to the west and entered Castelvecchio, about two and a half miles, northwest of San Clemente. New ground was seized on highway 65, the main entrance to Bologna from the south. East of highway 65 American troops occupied the village of Camp Rocco and engaged the Ger mans in heavy fighting directly to the north. Equally fierce strug gles were in progress on the south ern slopes of Monte Belmonte, a 1,250 foot peak at the entrance to the Savena valley leading to Bologna and a center of German resistance eight miles south of Bologna’s outskirts. On the west coast Negro troops of the U. S- 92nd Infantry captured Monte Catiglione, an important height west of Seravezza, only five miles southeast of the Tuscany town of Massa (pop. 17,561) which lies 20 miles by rail southeast of the naval base of La Spezia. Bad weather curtailed Mediter ranean Allied air force operations. Fighter bombers, however, attack ed bridges near Bologna and rail yards at Modena, road and com munications center 22 miles north west of Bologna on the Via Emilia, and in the southern Po valley. Desert air force fighters scored a dozen direct hits on a castle south of Cesena used by the Germans. -V Bear baiting and bull baiting were legal in England as late as 1935. than good will and sympathy; It , will require an insight into com- | plex individual and social malad justment and the skill necessary to the rehabilitation of maladjust ed persons.” Earlier, Elizabeth Wikpnden, Washington representative of the American public welfare associa tion, told the institute that social workers must look ahead and visu alize the picture that will confront them after the war. “Thirty mil lion people are liable to be affect ed by post war movement and dis location. . .It is obvious that the factor of human adjustment, the fibld in which public welfare func tions, is going to reach staggering proportions.” Others participating in today’s program were Ina T. Tyler, Try on, Mrs. T. S. Johnson, Raleigh" Thomasine Hendricks, Washington, Ada McRacken, Raleigh, James W. Phillips, Richmond; Mrs. Isabelle K. Carter, Chapel Hill; and Mareb Mossman, Greensboro. Speakers at tomorrow’s conclud ing session will be Anita Faatz director of the Maryland State Well fare department, and Dr. Howard W. Odum, Kenan professor of so ciology at the University of North Carolina and Dean of the state’s social workers. —--V In the Elizabethan period, mas ters of the art of pipe smoking re ceived pupils whom they taught to p' e smoke in little globes or rin«s- ... I,*, CARRIER FORCES CONTINUE ATTACK (Continued from Page One) out and Mac Arthur’s Liberators steadily pounding Mindanao bases in the south. Demonstrating contempt for Japanese efforts to keep aircraft trickling onto the northern Philip pines, Nimitz reported the fleet "continued to attack whatever en emy aircraft and shipping could still be found in the Manilla area.” Then he enumerated results which included: Ships sunk: Two oil tankers, four medium cargo ships, on* floating drydock. Ships damaged: Six large or medium cahgo ships, two large cargo ships, one large oil tanker, two large transports, six medium cargo ships, four small cargo ships and two med ium oilers. All of these were caught In the south harbor of Manila bay, ex cept one large tanker damaged in Mariveles bay. 1 DR. KALIF SPEAKS AT WELFARE MEET RALEIGH, Oct. 19.— Wl —The dawning notion that families in which there is unemployment or low earnings constitute a public re sponsibility has vast possibilities for the future of public welfare, Dr. George T. Kalif. director of the Richmond (Va.) School of Social Work, told the 25th annual Public Welfare Institute here today. With Dr. Kalif s address the in stitute closed three days of discus sion of social welfare problems and procedures. A short session will be held tomorrow. More than 275 wel fare workers were registered for the institute. Provision of full employment is a matter of deep concern today, Dr. Kalif said, “not-merely be cause of the necessity of supplying the essential needs of existence but because of the dawning con sciousness that unemployment de stroys morale.” “It is not financial assistance that destroys morale, but the en forced idleness which undermines character, the search for employ ment, the rebuffs piling frustration on frustration, humiliation of en forced restriction in social activi ties, and the presence of a family that must be clothed, fed, and housed,” he said. “Man’s needs extend beyond those for food, clothing and shelter and recognition of this fact has led to the provision of constructive as well as preventive programs. Mea sures taken by public authorities recognize the need for services be yond those providing the necessi ties of existence.” He said that in modren indus trial society a scheme of social insurance is a necessity. “Social insurance, public assistance, health and recreation are expanding fields to help individuals live out their lives with personal satisfaction and independence.’’ * Turning to the problem of aiding returning war veterans Dr. Kalif said that, “understanding the vet eran problem will require more ^ handy to^uM. Palmolive Soap^fh Si™ i5c Octagon Soap . 6c Octagon Toilet.5c Octagon Powder.6c Octagon Cleanser.5c JIMMIE HORRELL 114 S. Front St. i • Imported from the Caribbean for almost a decade. Recipes on the bottle. W. A. Taylor & Company, Sole import- j ers for U. S. 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