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The Wilmington morning star. [volume] (Wilmington, N.C.) 1909-1990, November 26, 1944, FINAL EDITION, Image 1

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WILMINGTON, N. C., SUNDAY, NOVEMBER 26, 1944__♦FINAL EDITIONESTABLISHED 1567
SteetworKers
(in Five-cent
fay Increase
Pemands For Base Pay
Raise And Guaranteed
Annual Pay Checked
OlHER CHANCES MADE
tB Chief Says Order
Does Not Break The
little Steel Formula
BY WILLIAM T. PEACOCK
WASHINGTON. Nov. 25 -W
cteel workers won wage adjust
ments tonight expected to.average
La 5 cents an hour, but their
* n demands tot a base pay raise
I, guaranteed annual pay were
Zied to the White House.
cit war Labor B ird approved
several other changes in the com
sation and employment condi
L. of the CIO uniteu steelwork
f vSch could add materially to
tte amount of cash the workers
Eke route in a year Figures were
not immediately available, how
ever, on just what their effect
plight be.
Formula Not Broken
Chairman William H. Davis of
.ke WLB said the order did not
.-e Littie Steel formula—nor
even "bend" it.
Die formula limits general raises
to condensate for living costs, to
J5 per cent of th, rates of January
I 1941. It makes provision, how
ever, for increa^s to meet ‘'in
equities” or ‘‘substandards.” The
changes approved by WLB were
aijunder the ‘‘inequities” provision.
The main demand, for 17 cents
an hour, was all outside the little
steel limit.
The board on Oct. 11 decided it
would not recommend that Presi
dent Roosevelt case the little
steel formula to allow an increase.
The formula is bindng on the
board by presidential order.
Way Left Open
Today’s WLB order left the way
open for the question of a general
wage increase tc be reinstated, how
ever, in case basic government
wage policy is changed.
The board is working On a report
on the question of revision of the
little steel formula which is to be
referred to President Roosevelt. In
dications are that the administra
tion will try to hold the line on
(Continued on Page Three; Col. 3)
_v_
INCINERATOR BID
OPENING SLATED
Proposals Will Be Receiv
ed By City Council
Until Dec. 13
Sealed proposals will be received
ty the mayor and city council at
city hall until 10 a. m., December
13. and then opened for construc
tion of a refuse incinerator, having
a capacity of 225 tons in 2 hours,
Clerk J R. Benson an
tounced yesterday.
The work consists of furnishing
•11 the necessary material, labor
sod equiprr ent for the erection of
• complete incinerator plant, in
tluding two units of furnaces, suit
™e building, chimney of proper
!lze and all appurtenances, Ben
■on said.
Proposals for constructing the
•erase incinerator and incinerator
raiding are being requested by the
'^5'for the third time. On two
Pravious occasions, the last time
etcher 25. bids were rejected by
e council because the proposed
raesi were believed “out of line.”
j. ’° were submitted at the
time 01>en'n® ar,d only one the last
% bill received after the sched
r“ clos>ng time will be returned
•dded'ed the biddeT* Benson
^
COMMISSIONER LANDIS
KENESAWLANDIS
DIES IN CHICAGO
Baseball Commissioner
And Former Jurist Vic
tim Of Heart Attack
By JERRY LISKA
CHICAGO, Nov. 25.— UP) —Death
today claimed 78 - year - old Kene
saw Mountain Landis, baseball’s
“indispensable” man for nearly a
quarter of a century.
Unwavering, fearless, and al
ways the champion of the “Little
Guy,” the commissioner and for
mer federal jurist -died of heart
disease in St. Luke’s hospital at
5:35 a.m., central war time.
His death left the major leagues
without a guiding genius for the
first time since 1921 and placed
tremendous importance on the Na
tional and American league winter
meeting here Dec. 11 and 12 when
a successor probably will be
named.
Just a week ago when the white
thatched commissioner was fret
ting over what he protested was an
overly - long hospital stay, a joint!
committee of the two leagues rec-i
cmmended that Landis be re-elect
ed for another seven - year term
when his current term expired Jan.
12, 1946.
Ostensibly cheered by that vote
of confidence, Landis chided his
physician for warnings that his
condition was delicate. But he suf
fered a setback Sunday and last
night was placed under an oxygen
tent a little more than an hour
before he died. He entered the hos
pital Oct. 2 suffering from a se
vere cold, but "previously had over
taxed his heart working in his vic
tory garden in suburban Glencoe.
Baseball officials to a man
mourned his death as not only a
great blow to the national pastime,
but a keen loss to the nation at
large.
Baseballdom, however, will not
be able to pay immediate homage
to his memory. In compliance
with Landis’ wishes, there will be
no funeral services. A cremation
will takg, place privately and
friends have been requested not to
send flowers.
Until the majo* league meetings,
at least, the commissioner’s office
will be conducted by his secretary,
(Continued on Page Three; Col, Z)
—:—v
bailor is Keumtea
With Sick Daughter
AURORA, 111., Nov. 25.—(A>)—To
the cry of- “Daddy, daddy ” Chief
Storekeeper M. F. Attaway was re
united today with his seven-year
old daughter, Patricia, who is suf
fering from lymphatic leukemia.
The reunion came after weeks
of dramatic silence in which Atta
way was supposed to be flying
home from the Admiralty islands
where he has been on duty with
the Seabees. It developed, how
ever, that the father had not heard
of Patricia’s plight until he reach
ed Honolulu en route home on a
routine leave.
“I tried to get a plane to come
home,” he said, “but couldn’t ar
range it, so was forced to come to
the west coast on a steamer. Then
I was flown by the Navy to Chi
cago.”
sluarrel Between Russia,
Poland Grows Dangerous
5 J°HN M. HIGHTOWER
WASHINGTON, Nov. 25— (JF) -
* Quariel between Russia and
0 a®d s exile government in Lon
Jerolj35 res 'led an extremely dan
jj 5 stage- authorities here say.
‘s threatening to become a
Pe"'^s growth in the future
of n :01 ^'ltrope ar>d thus a source
W»i °n t° the security of the
Su hPC"tWar world
to«iva,is.the grave view taken of
te,j 1 iUes stemming from the
iczvl 1011 Stanislaw Mikola
trnm s Premier of the exile gov
lilikoiejczyk bore the
ion'nji b,Qt.h Washington and Lon
ijr o- friendly, workable settle
1
ment between the London Foies
and Moscow.
The British and American gov
ernment now wiU try to close the
breach again. Conferences of State
department experts today indicat
ed the whole question is being sub
jected to most intense study.
President Roosevelt, who knows
Mikolajczyk as a result of his visit
here early this year, evidently was
being kept closely informed of
developments.
American policy is limited to
trying to get the Poles and Rus
sians together to resolve their dif
ferences. Th? United States gov
(Continued on Page Five; Col, i)
i
Belgian M®b
.*cP .
Civilians Killed In Clash
With Police
» •
TOSS GRENADES
Many Demonstrators Carry
Signs Demanding More
Butter And Coal
By ROGER D. GREENE
BRUSSELS, Nov. 25.—(iP)—Gun
fire broke out and hand grenades
were thrown today during a street
demonstration against .the govern
ment of Premier Hubert Pierlot.
T. Demany-, Belgian resistance
leader, said fouif civilians were
killed and 38 wounded in the clash
with state police.
The police, however, said six
gendarmes were injured with fists
and sticks—not by gunfire — and
that 20-odd demonstrators were
wounded by the gunfire and hand
grenades of their own group.
Toss Grenade
A police spokesman said all shots
by the police were fired into the
air. He said the outbreak started
with a demonstrator in an auto
mobile threw a grenade, a police
man threw it back, and it-landed
in the crowd in front of the Cham
ber of Deputies.
The three-mile-long procession of
demonstrators i m m e d i a te 1 y
changed their chant of ‘‘Down With
Pierlot” t q “Pierlot Assassin,”
and a melee began. About 50 shots
were fired in 30 seconds, then the
crowd broke and left the wounded
on the bloody street.
Most of them went on to the
Palais De Sport for a mass meet
(Continued on Page Three; Col. 4)
STUDY OF YOUTH
TRAINING ASKED
Woodrum Urges Early Con
sideration Of Universal
Military Plan
Bv WILLIAM F. ARBOGAST
WASHINGTON. Nov. 25.-UP) —
Early consideration of peacetime
compulsory military training was
urged today by the house commit
tee headed by Representative
Woodrum (D.-Va.) listed universal
training as one of the “most im
portant items” on its agenda and
said it should be “most carefully
explored at an early date.’’
Originally slated for considera
tion during the current session of
Congress, compulsory training leg
islation has been postponed until
early next year.
The postponement, requested by
the war department, was ordered
because of growing opposition to
pending proposals requiring every
able-bodied youth to undergo at
least one year of military training
in peacetime.
“It has been found necessary,
because of opposition based on an
apparent lack of knowledge, to ed
ucate the public to the necessity
for peace - time training,” said
an influential member of the house
military committee. “This educa
tional program will require about
a month or so and will be under
taken by the American Legion.”
Both Woodrum and Chairman
May (D.-Ky.) of the military com
mittee have expressed willingness
to go ahead with the legislation
as soon as possible.
“The longer we postpone it the
more difficult it will be,” May said.,
“It may be impossible to pass such
legislation after the war because
there may be a natural reaction
against anything military.”
-V
WEATHER
FORECAST
North Carolina—Cloudy, windy and
continued cool with occasional showers
Sunday and Sunday night. Monday
clearing but windy becoming colder In
afternoon.
(Eastern Standard Time)
(By 4J. S. Weather Bureau)
Meteorological data for the 24 hours
ending 7:30 p.m., yesterday.
Temperature
1:30 am, 36; 7:30 am, 33; 1:30 pm, 48;
7:30 pm, 41.
Maximum 49; Minimum 32; Mean 80;
Normal 53.
Humidity
1:30 am, 82; 7:30 am, 68; 1:30 pm, 38;
7:30 pm, 82.
Precipitation
Total for the 24 hours ending 7:30 pm,
0.04 inches.
Total since the first of the month,
0.64 inches.
Tides For Today
(From the Tide Tables published by
U. S„ Coast and Geodetic Survey.)
High Low
Wilmington-6:24a 1:05a
6:52p l:37p
Masonboro Inlet —-4:19a 10:34a
4:44p. 10:55p
Sunrise, 6:55 a.m.; Sunset, 5:04 p.m.;
Moonrise, 3:07 p.m.; Moonset, 2:52 a.m.
(Continued on Page Three;" Col. 3)
Yanks Near Rim Of Hurtgen Wood;
Jap Transport Convoy Destroyed;
Raid On Tokyo Is Counted Success.
IS INITIAL MOVE
IN AIR KNOCKOUT
Profitable With Only Four
B-29’s Failing To Fine
Good Targets
U. S. 21st BOMBER COM
MAND, SAIPAN, Nov. 25.—
(/P)—The superfort men of
Saipan today counted their
Thursday (U. S. time) raid
on Tokyo a successful first
move for an aerial knockout
of war industry in the Japan
ese homeland.
The raid did not come up to ex
pectations so fav as results were
concerned but on the whole was
profitable, Brig. Gen. Haywood
Kansell, Jr., base commander, told
newsmen. Clouds prevented some
of the B-29’s from finding their
designated targets but only four of
them failed to fbid worth-while ob
jects of attack
Two Craft Lost
Hansell said that one of the
“dozens” of superforts which parti
c:pated was brought down by ene
my action over the nippon capital
and another failed to return and
was presumed lost from causes un
known. (Tokyo claimed there were
70 superforts in the raid; that five
were brought down and nine dam
Reconnaissance photographs tak
en a few - hours after the attack
showed great fires still burning in
the central Tokyo area. The Amer
cans claimed only four enemy fight
ers shot down for sure but said ten
or more others may have been des
troyed or damaged. The 3 ipanese
admitted losing seven defending
planes.
Hansell said he was convinced
that in future attacks the B-29’s
could “take care of themselves
and do a good job.”
(Kenichi Kumagai, Japan’s assis
tant air raid chief, said the Ameri
can planes, “fearing interceptors
and anti-aircraft batteries.” stayed
high in the air—20.000 to 35.000 feet
—and carried cnly light loads of
small caliber missiles and incen
diary bombs. Speaking over Tokyc
radio. Kumagai vowed that the raid
would mean increased Japanese
war production because it had
“heightened the anger of the in
dustrial soldier.”
•Another Tokyc radio broadcast
(Continued on Page Five; Col. 2)
-V
U. S. SUBS SINK
27 JAP VESSELS
New Nipponese Losses In
clude Destroyer And.
Converted Gunboat
WASHINGTON, Nov. 25.—GP)—
The Navy, pressing relentlessly its
submarine war of attrition against
the Japanese, today reported the
sinking of 27 more Nipponese ves
sels.
The new Jap losses included a
destroyer and a converted gun
boat, a large transport, four tank
ers, thre.e cargo transports and 17
cargo vessels. It was the largest
bag announced in a single commu
nique since October 18 when 32
sinkings were reported, a record
total.
Today’s report brought the total
navy-announced Jap losses inflict
ed by United States submersibles
to 854 vessels sunk, 37 probably
sunk and 119 damaged, for a total
of 1,010 hits. Of the 854 sunk, 80
(Continued on Page Five; Col. 3)
s?g. ...-Ml
Tuberculosis Christmas
Seal Sales Open Monday
_w
SEEKING $8,000
Ten Thousand Homes Are
Scheduled To Receive
Stamps Through Mails
Ten thousand New Hanover
homes will receive tuberculosis
Christmas seals Monday as the an
nual sale opens here in an effort
to raise $8^000 with which to fight
the disease in 1945, Dr. John C.
Wessell. chairman of the drive, an
nounced yesterday.
Seals were separated, placed in
envelopes and stamped Saturday
by Boy and Girl Scouts, working
in the office of the chamber of
commerce. Stamps were deposited
in the mails yesterday so that New
Hanover citizens would receive
them Monday.
Stamped return envelopes were
folded in each package of seals so
that the monies for their purchase
could be returned by mail to the
New Hanover Tuberculosis and
Health association, postoffice box
1176, Wilmington
Goal Increased
“The goal this Chris*mas,” Dr. i
Wessell explained, “has been rais- j
ed by almost twc and one - half;
thousand dollars above the funds
collected from 1943 seal sales, but
there is a very good reason. We
hope, through the sale of bonds
and seals, to enlarge our program
sc that we can offer the biggest
fight ever against the disease that
claimed 26 New Hanover lives in
1943, and 20 thusfar in 1944.”
With the funds to be raised by
the sale of seals and bonds, the
New Hanover association plans to
continue to provide X-ray exami
nations, which make possible the
early discovery of tuberculosis;
promote mass survey of apparent
ly healthy groups where much of
the disease is found; campaign to
ward the establishment of a coun
ty tuberculosis sanatorium: sup
port an ever - increasing health
education program against the dis
continued on Page Four; Col 2)
Switching Of *Dogtags*
Causes Army Concern
PARIS, Nov. 25.— (/P) —The
growing practice among sol
diers of going into battle wear
ing someone else’s identity
discs is giving army author
ities concern.
“Switching dogtags” started
as a superstition of some sol
diers that they were less likely
to run into danger if they wore
a comrade's discs rather than
their own. Many uninjured
soldiers consequently have
been reported erroneously as
casualties.
•v
2.000 WARPLANES
RAIDMERSEBURG
Spread Thousands Of Tons
Of Bombs On Large
OH Refinery
LONDON, Nov. 25 — W— More
than 2,000 American warplanes at
tacked the German oil center of
Merseburg today for the second
time in four days, spreading 3,000
tons of explosives on the sprawling
Leuna synthetic refinery as well as
on important fuel storage facili
ties at Bingen, 50 miles northwest
of the Saar industiral area.
A synthetic oil plant at Lutzken
dorf, 10 miles north of Merseburg,
also was attacked.
Only a dozen or so enemy fight
ers, including five or six speedy
jets, were seen on the Merseburg
mission and they promptly took
vover in thick clouds over the tar
gets.
So slight was enemy opposition,
both from ground guns and planes
that many of the 1,000 Mustangs,
Thunderbolts and Lightnings of the j
Eighth and Ninth air forces which
escorted the Armada of more than
1.000 heavy bombers strafed at tree
top level.
Preliminary reports said they
blew up six locomotives and nine
railway cars at Bingen, communi
cations hub for Nazi troops being
sent to defend the Saar, now un
der direct attack from Lt. Gen.
George S. Patton’s American Third
army.
On their way heme they also shtt
up 11 locomotives and 16 railway
cars, damaged two parked aircraft
and destroyed two FW-44 training
planes.
This was the 14th attack on the
h.ugd Leuna oil plant, which is two
miles long and two-thirds of a mile
wide and normally produced 5,000
tons of oil a month.
-V
DUTCH PLAN PARLEY
SOMEWHERE IN HOLLAND,
Nov. 25.—(IP)—Pieter S. Gerbran
dy, prime minister of Holland, and
four members of his cabinet ar
rived here today by plane from
London to consult with Dutch lead
ers on problems facing Holland
this winter.
Good Progress Reported
In War Bond Drive Here
New Hanover county accom
plished 20 per cent of its Sixth
War Loan goal in the first three
days of the drive, it was announc
ed yesterday by E. A. Laney,
county chairman of War Finance
committee, who described the
campaign as “going very nicely.”
Atotal of $1,011,746 had been in
vested in the overall campaign at
the end of business Wednesday,
according to a report received yes
terday from the Federal Reserve
bank in Richmond. Individuals
had purchased $512,035 worth of
Series E bonds.
Laney said that he had been noti
fied by Southern Bell Telephone
and Telegraph company officials
that they are allocating $27,400 of
their purchase of war bonds to
New Hanover county. This figure
has not yet been added to the to
tal.
“We must'nt be too optimistic at
this time,” Laney advised, “but
if the bond buying continues at
the high rate of the first three days,
there is every indication that New
Hanover will reach its overall quo
ta of $4,666,000 and the Series E
goal of $1,989,000.”
Laney asserted that New Han
over citizens “know that they are
making one of their greatest con
tributions to the war effort by
buying bonds. There is practically
nobody who doesn't understand
(Continued on Page Three; Col. 4)
4
{ENFORCEMENT
ATTEMPT FAILS
Ground Situation In Leyte’s
Ormoc Corridor Con
tinues Static
By MURLIN SPENCER
GENERAL M’ARTHURS’
HEADQUARTERS, PHILIP
PINES, Sunday, Nov. 26—
TP)—Deadly American fight
er planes yesterday destroyed
a four-transport convoy, car
ping an estimated 2,000 Jap
anese troops, in smashing the
fourth major attempt to rein
force Gen. Torroyuqi Yama
shita’s hard-pressed troops
on Leyte island.
It was the second Japanese el
fort in two days to run fresh troops
to Leyte. Both convoys were de
stroyed with a loss of 5,500 Nip
ponese soldiers.
American fliers, said today's
communique, have sunk a total of
16 reinforcing transports — aggre
gating 65,000 tons — with 17,000
troops, plus 14 escort carriers.
North of Cebu
Bomb - carrying Warhawks and
Thunderbolts caught this latest
convoy north of Cebu, shortly aft
er it left port and when it was
still some distance from Leyte.
Attacking at dusk, the fighters
sank three transports of an undis
closed tonnage and left a fourth
blazing from stem to stein. All
troops and supplies aboard were
believed lost.
A headquarters spokesman said
no warships were reported as es
corting the Cebu convoy, and there
was only slight warship support for
the troopships lost the previous
day. It was unknown, however,
whether this indicated that Japan
is running short of export vessels.
Aground, American 7th division
troops broke up Japanese night at
tacks at Palanas, 11 miles south of
Ormoc. The 7th is pushing slowly
northward along the coastal road
toward Ormoc.
Clear Two Areas
Some 30 miles northward, ele
ments of the 24th division cleared
(Continued on Page Three; Col. 1)
U. S. MAY QUIT
SOUTHEAST ASIA
Apparently Intends To
Withdraw Troops When
Burma Road Reopened
WASHINGTON, Nov. 25. —(JP)—
The United States apparently in
tends to withdraw its comparative
ly small contingent of combat
troops from India and Burma when
the Burma road, is reopened. It
considers the southeast Asia thea
ter essential as sphere of British
interest.
An indication of the plan is con
tained in a dispatch from India by
Associated Press Correspondent
Preston Grover who reports that
the Allied advance in northern and
western Burma has been so rapid
that the end of America’s main
fighting commitment in this thea
ter is almost in sight. Grover says
the commitment was to reopen
the Burma road to China.
A general opinion in military
circles here is that the primary
commitment at the outset was and
still remains one made to China.
Whatever benefits the British drive
from purely military operations is
(Continued on rage Five; Col. 7)
PRESSING TOWARD
PLAIN OF COLOGNE
_i_
First Army Under Heavy
Robot-Bomb Fire From
Ruhr’s Defenders
Bv EDWARD KENNEDY
SUPREME HEADQUAR
TERS ALLIED EXPEDI
TIONARY FORCE, PARIS,
Nov. 25.—(/P)—The Ameri
can First army, pushing
steadily toward the Cologne
plain against furious and un
diminished German opposi
tion, had reached the edge of
the bloody Hurtgen forest to
night and was under mount
ing robot-bomb fire from the
Nazi defenders of the Ruhr.
The first army’s troops fought
within a few hundred yards of
Groshau and a thousand yards of
Kleinhau in the Hurtgen area and
brought the town of Hurtgen under
artillery fire, but still had not
smashed their way completely out
of the forest, reports to supreme
Allied headquarters said.
On the First Army’s left flank
to the north U. S. Ninth army units
were engaged in heavy fighting
outside Koslar just west of the
Roer river, the last big natural
barrier before the Rhine.
Advance Seven Miles
(A broadcast by the German
news agency DNB’s chief military
commentator said Allied troops had
scored a seven-mile advance east
of Aachen. If true, this would
place the Americans on the east
side of the Boer, There was no
Allied confirmation however.)
Ih this heavy fighting east of
Aachen, the greatest, battle of the
western front, the Ninth overran
Bourheim, two miles southwest of
Julich and less than a mile from
the Roer .today, while other ele
ments of the first fought from
house to house in Weisweiler, seven
miles from a second Nazi Roer
river strongpoint, Duren.
Far to the south, meanwhile, In
fantry of the American Seventh
army tore through German lines
on the north side of the corridor
leading eastward to Strasbourg
from the Saverne area and drova
a new wedge to Weyersheim, eight
miles north of Strasbourg and fiva
miles west of the Rhine.
Strasbourg Cleaned Up
Strasbourg itself was virtually
cleaned up with 10,000 prisoners in
the bag, but the Germans wera
dug in at approaches to bridges
over the Rhine in the city. How
ever, the enemy was falling back
in the great Alsace pocket as tha
Americans advanced through tha
Vosges mountain passes and tha
first French army pressed steadi
ly from the south.
In the central sector of the front
today, the U. S. Third army gain
ed up to four and a half miles
along its 60-mile line, lengthening
the strip of German soil in its
possession to 20 miles and wiping
out a German salient on the Sev
enth army’s north flank.
Good weather permitted airfor
ces to join in the battle for tha
first time in three days. Thirteen
hundred fighters and medium bom
bers of the Ninth Airforce and
Second Tactical Airforce madn
bombing, strafing and escort sor
ties on the Rhineland, some of
them directed against retreating
German columns.
In Strong Position
The Seventh army’s 44th and
79th Infantry division were plac
ed in a strong position to rip into
the Germans on the northern sida
of the Strasbourg corridor when
elements of the Third army, which
(Continued on Page Five; Col. 4)
Reds Push Germans Back
In Suburbs Of Budapest
By RICHARD KASISCHKE
LONDON, Sunday, Nov. 26.—(A*)—
The German radio announced last
night that Russian troops had
pressed Axis forces back in Buda
pest's southern outskirts on the
Danube river island of Csepel, had
captured Hatvan, German anchor
stronghold 25 miles northeast of
the capital, and also conquered
nearly all of Miskolc, Hungary’s
Eifth city.
None of these enemy reports
tvas confirmed by Moscow’s brief
communique, which however,
disclosed that Soviet troops had
cut the Budapest - Hatvan high
way with the caputre of Kerek
laraszt, two miles west of Hatvan.
Both Hatvan and Miskolc, the
latter 85 miles northeast of Buda*
pest, have been under Red army
siege for a week. Their fall would
not only speed Russian encircle,
ment of the eastern half of Buda*
pest, but also accelerate Soviet
attacks along roads leading to Aua
tria and Czechoslovakia.
Axis reports placed the Russian ■
invads of Csepel island within sev.
en miles of the town of Csepel,
which is on the southern municipal
boundary of Budapest and the site
of the big Weiss Manfred war
plant and many city docks serv*
ing the capital. The Budapest ra
dio station also is just north •
(Continued on Page Three; Col. I).

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