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The Wilmington morning star. [volume] (Wilmington, N.C.) 1909-1990, December 12, 1944, FINAL EDITION, Image 1

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn78002169/1944-12-12/ed-1/seq-1/

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Yank General Becomes Private
. barracks room at Metz Major General Leroy Irwin of Wash
' commander of the U. S. 5th Infantry Division, stands
"f psrouiidl at stiff attention with his fellow squad members of the
r°mii Army's 30th Battalion, Chasseurs de Pied (“Blue Devils”),
rfpicd an honorary member of the “Devils” because of his part in
th liberation of Metz, Gen. Irwin will henceforth be “on leave” from
Ih outfit and a bunk reserved for him from now on, (International).
Draft Boards Ordered
To Check Deferments
l WASHINGTON, Dec. 11—(#)—Selective Service act
»,1 swift!v today to put into effect the Government’s “pro
' _1__ rhipp nr fiErht” directive.
Combat Replacements Are
Urgently Needed, He
! CLEVELAND. Dec. 11.— —
Haj Gen. Lewis B. Hershey. Se
lective Service director, said to
day hi: "guess was that theie
would be a 10 to 20 per cent in
crease in inductions in the next
jew months, “from what I see in
the papers about the way the war
is going.”
Hershey told a press conference
he based his prediction on these
Combat replacements are need
ed urgently.
Industry suffers a critical short
age of war workers.
State draft directors have been
instructed to swfitly put into ef
fect War ilobilizer James Byrnes'
"produce o rfight” dictum.
Hershey said:
"More of our forces are having
contact with the enemy. Our
losses can not help but be higher.
I can't see. with so much war
going on, how we can help having
an increase.” 1
I "In the next few months,” he
added, "there will be a 10 to 20
per cent increase in the number!
d calls on local draft boards. I
That's my guess from what I see
® the papers about the way the!
'tar is going.”
- ew policies of selective serv
ice. the director reported, would
More emphasis by draft boards
® 'be kind of work a registrant
?oes' rather than his age; requir
■r‘f registrants to confer with their
raft boards before making a
coaiue in jobs, determination by
*:ie board whether he may make
deferment. and immediate induc
tion of registrants who leave es
sential jobs for others not in the
Produce for war” classification.
JOHT HURON. Mich.. Dec. 11.—
•.-Four members of a familv of
? "'ere found asphyxiated in their
^lid-floor apartment here today.
Police said four burners and the
#‘en of a pas stove in the kitchen
''e'e turned on. but only two ol
'"Pm were burning.
. e dead were Roy Skipper. 28.
* truck driver who came here in
p ” frorn Dudley. Mo.; his wife,
•■‘irorne. 27; a daughter, Alma. 3.
/' a son. eight - month - old
It instructed local draft boards
that present occupational defer
ment regulations should be ap
plied “in the light of the immedi
ate urgencies for men in the arm
ed services and the civilian war
The instructions followed a call
by War Mobilizer James F. Byrnes
for “increased drafting of older
men not contributing to the war
Meanwhile, Draft Director Lewis
B. Hershey said, regulations are
being amended to channel to mili
tary service all registrants under
38 who drift from essential jobs.
These revisions will be announced
by the end of the week, a spokes
man for the agency said.
It was predicted, however, that
the new order merely will direct
a more rigid application of the
regulations in effect. These pro
vide that occupational deferred
men under 38 may be drafted if
they leave jobs that qualify them
for classification in 2-A or 2-B.
Because military requirements
have been met largely since last
May with men under 26. few older
men have been called even though
they may have turned to peace
time work.
The few occupationally deferred
registrants under 26 have been less
inclined to leave essential jobs,
since draft regulations have been
invoked quickly in their case.
In the future, Hershey said, job
shifts will be Dermitted only when
(Continued on Page Three; Col. 3)
County Bond Sales
$512,528 Short Of
Reaching The Goal
New Hanover county needs $512,
528 to reach its overall quota, but
$1,058,465 in individual sales is
needed to reach the goal for Series
“E” bonds, officials of the Sixth
War Loan campaign said yester
In an effort to raise the addition
ai funds in the five days remain
ing in the current drive, official;
have urged residents to increase
their efforts and “dig deep.’
It was pointed out that Wilming
ton and New Hanover county hav<
never failed a War Loan campaign
o-oing over the top substantially
every time. “We are still anticipat
ing an excellent showing on the
pa°rt of citizens here,” it was said
German Dj^jgnse Of Cologne Crumbling;
Annihilates Japs At Ormoc;
1,600 Fortresses, Liberators Flit Reich
Americans Seize Huge
Quantities Of War
PINES, Tuesday, Dec. 12.—
(-P)—Annihilation of the en
tire defending garrison at Or
moc, Yank-captured port on
Leyte island, and destruction
of- thousands of Japanese
trapped in a pocket to the
south were announced by
Gen. Douglas MacArthur to
MacArthur reported that the vet
eran 77th Division which landed last
week four miles below Ormoc had
been joined by the Seventh Divi
sion, closing the southern jaw of a
nutcracker vise, and “enemy forces
which were trapped between the
two have been destroyed.”
Great quantities of equipment
and supplies were seized.
Fierce fighting preceded final de
struction of the Ormoc garrison.
Fall of Ormoc, Japan’s last big
port of reinforcement for her
troops to the north in the Ormoc
corridor, was a sharp blow to the
enemy. Its capture Sunday was an
nounced yesterday.
“The fighting in Ormoc itself be
fore its fall was of the most des
perate character,” MacArthur re
The general reported yesterday
that “many thousands” of Japanese
were in the narrowing pocket be
tween the 77th and Seventh Divi
sions coming together just below
A Third Yank division, the 32nd,
was pressing against the Japanese
to the north despite almost impass
able terrain.
Air activity continued on a de
structive scale. Airdromes in t h e
central Philippines were bombed
anew and enemy shipping was
blasted over a wide area. Petro
leum installations on Borneo took
direct bomb hits, flooding the Tar
akan and Balikpapan fields with
flaming oil. One freighter was sunk
The surprise landing of the 77th
IFnntmiipri nn Pace Three! f!nl. 31
Because her son, Rex Freeman,
Jr., of Winston - Salem, was ihe
best newspaper carrier salesman oi
War bonds and stamps on the Mid
dle Atlantic seaboard, Mrs. Free
man will sponsor the U. S. S. Ver
milion at the yard of the North
Carolina Shipbuilding Co. this mor
ning at 9:15 o’clock.
She is one of 11 mothers of news
boys receiving this honor through
out the country as a reward for the
youths’ outstanding work as bone
and stamp dealers. Some launch
ings in connection with this pro
gram have been held and all are
expected to be completed within the
next few days.
Mrs. Freeman's attendants wil
be Mrs. Bradley Welfare and Mis:
Colleen Brown, both of Winston
Young Freeman, a carrier of the
Winston - Salem Journal and Senti
nel. led the newsboys of his city
State and district and is one of the
national leaders in sale of bond:
(Continued on Page Three; Col. 3'
Cold Moving Eastward
As 19 Die In Midwest
By The Associated Press
The Midwest, where 19 persons
died in traffic accidents in the sea
son’s first snow-laden storm, is
exporting its weather to the East
where the Chicago Weather Bu
reau said, rain will mix with the
snow today.
The storm produced by cold^ air
from Canada mixing with moisture
laden air from the South, spread
snow over the Midwest ranging
up to 13 inches in depth. Last night
snow extended as far south as At
lanta with subnormal tempera
tures reaching to Jacksonville, Fla.
Dellas, Tex., reported a hard
freeze covered the state from the
Panhandle to the Gulf of Mexico,
with truck gardens and the citrus
crop hard-hit. Amarillo reported
the lowest temperature in the sta'e.
16 degrees.
The lowest temperature m the
country was at Elko, Nev.. where
22 below was recorded. Yellow
stone. Mont., had 19 below. Gen
erally, however, the Midwest re
ported clearing skies and rising
Slush and snow froze on city
streets, making driving hazardous.
Airline schedules were cancelled
in most of the Midwest, and auto
clubs warned motorists to drive
slowly and to avoid country roads.
The snow, which ranged from 13
inches at Iowa City. Iowa, to only
a trace in northern Wisconsin, was
responsible for most of the deaths.
Southern Wisconsin reported 12 in
ches of snow, and the Midwestern
average topped three inches.
Colorado led the states with five
traffic deaths. Next were Indiana
and Missouri with four each. Illi
nois. Michigan, and Kansas report
ed two deaths each.
Iwo Jima Hit
Anew By U.S.
Army Planes
WASHINGTON, Dec. 11.— <-T> _
Seventh Army Air Force Libera
tors continued aerial blows at the
strategic Japanese base on Iwo Ji
ma, in the volcanoes, Friday and
Saturday, the Navy reported today.
A communique from Admiral
Chester W. Nimtz, Pacific Fleet
commander in chief, also reported
new thrusts at the Bonins, the Pal
aus. the Marianas, and the Mar

Fierce Battle Rages As Kes
selring Brings Up
ROME, Dec. 11.—CP)—A fierce
see-saw battle raged today on a
four-mile front southwest of Faen
za, with the Germans throwing in
crack, rested veterans to save the
highway center from the British
Eighth Army’s hammering offen
Field Marshal Albert Kesselring
tossed the 90th Panzer Grenadier
Division — once the mainstay of
Rommel’s Africa Corps — into a
full-brown counterattack aimed at
driving the British off a vital ridge
extending from San Prospero, a
m -r~i _ i. Til
mile 5UUU1WCJSL VM. auntu, * -
deura. five miles west of Faenza.
Thick-skinned Nazi tanks sup
ported the advance enemy infan
try, while self-propelled guns heav
ily pounded the British lines. Un
der this intense pressure, the Brit
ish were forced to yield 400 yards
at one point, but they remained
astride an important road bend
near Celle, two miles west of Fa
The Allied High Command an
nounced tonight that enemy as
saults at other points had been
beaten off decisively and heavy
casualties inflicted. Allied planes
mixed freely in the fighting, straf
ing and bombing enemy troops and
Wesselring appeared willing tc
stake the cream of his combal
troops in a gamble to hold off the
Eighth Army until the winter
snows in the Apennines would ag
gravate Allied supply problems.
His all-out defense of Faenza and
Bologna was designed primarily tc
deny the Allies use of highways
and railroads into the Po valley
from the south.
The Eighth Army gained a valu
able supply road into the vallej
with the capture of Forli. Seizure
of Faenza would provide anothei
good highway from the south, plui
a railroad from Florence ovei
which heavy equipment could be
I - *
Greatest Bomber Fleet
Blasts Frankfort Area
LONDON, Dec. 11. — (A*)— The
greatest bomber fleet ever as
sembled—more than 1,600 Ameri
can Fortresses and Liberators —
pounded the German fail network
in the Frankfurt area with 6,000
tons of explosives today as part
of a massive air assault by more
than 3,200 U. S. warplanes.
The huge fleet of Eighth Air
Force heavies, forming a sky train
300 miles long, was escorted by
more than 800 fighters. From the
operation 12 bombers and two fight
ers were missing tonight.
This loss from a force of 16,800
U. S. fliers—more men than are in
an entire combat division of infan
try—was a record low for a raid
of such magnitude.
The German air force kept clear
of the mighty U. S. armada and
antiaircraft fire was meager. But
aeavy. billowy clouds caused the L
bombers to drop their explosives
by instruments and obscured the
damage done at Frankfurt, Han
au, 10 miles east, and Giessen 30 €
miles north. 1
In a simultaneous attack from t
the south, more than 500 U. S. ^
bombers and 350 fighters struck
into Austria from bases in Italy.
Putting Hitler’s domain under ‘
two-directional assault, strong for- |
mations of Liberators, Fortresses
and fighters of the 15th Air Force (
hammered the Moosbierbaum re- ,
finery 22 miles northwest of Vien- j
na, freight yards and the south .
ordnance depot in Vienna, and
rail targets at Graz in Austria. The
raiders met in'ense flak and a
smoke screen at the refinery, be
lieved to produce aviation gaso
Paris Radio Reports
Russians In Budapest
LONDON, Tuesday, Dec. 12.—(/P)—The Russians cap
tured two more villages near northeastern Budapest yester
day, gaining three miles in raging battles that Moscow said
ISTANBUL, Dec. 10 —(Delayed)—
UPi—The Russians have expelled a
four * man U. S. Office of Strate
gic Services team from Bulgaria
for the second time since Bulga
x-ia’s surrender.
Allowed to return after an earlier
expulsion, the four were told they
must leave on the* same grounds as
before—that they were not officially
accredited by the Russians.
(On October 2, Cordell Hull, then
Secretary of State, said an Allied
military mission had been ejected
from Bulgaria by a Russian com
mander, but that he believed the
difficulty was straightened out and
that the mission would re - enter the
counti’y as a result of arrangements
by Washington and London with
Carton Of Cigarets Traded
For Child’s Bike
—Robert Greenfield inserted this
Evening Bulletin classified adver
“For sale: Carton of cigarets.
Will exchange for good size child’s
3-wheel bike. Melrose 3942.”
His telephone was flooded with
calls, he said, and he’ll pick a bike
1 and make the swap tomorrow, get
: ting a Christmas gift for his two
small daughters.
REA Head Quits, Cites
Dissension In Agency
WASHINGTON, Dec. 11. — UP) —
Harry Slattery, who hitherto had
resisted Administration efforts to
ease him out as Rural Electrifica
tion Administrator, resigned today
ti, ___ ai_:« -r: ’
to carry tins -ugm iu uie
No reasons were assigned in the
White House announcement that
Slattery had submitted the resigna
tion early last week and President
Roosevelt had accepted it Decem
ber 8.
But Slattery issued a statement
saymg mat secretary oi Agnuu
ture Wickard’s appointment of a
deputy administrator with “co
ordinate” authority “bypassed and
displaced me as actual adminis
trator.” He named William J. Neal
as the deputy with “coordinate”
Calling Wickard's action “ille
gal and contrary to the REA act,”
Slattery asserted:
“They also jeopardize the re
payment of government loans and
are dangerous to the welfare and
permanent success of REA. I have
protested, but to no avail. I de
cline further to be held even nom
inally responsible for these illegal
“The President's order forbids
Federal officials to engage in pub
lic controversies. Therefore I have
resigned in order to carry this
fight to the public.”
The row came fully into the open
for the first time last spring in
the Senate committee investigation
of effor!s to reolace Slattery. The
administrator then said his resig
nation had beoi requested by Wick
ard and by Jonathan Daniels, a
presidential assistant.
Wickard told the committee an
Agricu’ture Department investiga
tor had reported to him that Slat
tery’s word “couldn’t be relied up
on.” He said dissension within the
agency led him to believe it need
ed a chief of “greater administra
tive ability.”
Daniels declined at first to tes
tify but did so after the commit
tee threatened to subpoena White
House files. He said he requested
Slattery’s resignation after the
President requested him to make
an investigation of RfiA.
Slattery testified he believed ef
forts to oust him stemmed from
his refusal to do political cam
Senator Shipstead (R-Minn),
member of a Senate Agriculture
subcommittee which investigated
REA last spring, said today he did
not blame Slattery for quitting.
Secretary Wickard, the senator de
clared. had stripped Slattery oi
his powers and had continually
“bypassed” him.
Shipstead said his committee
would make every effort to
have the REA restored as an
independent agency.
leu, me approaches iu me uuy m.
tered with hundreds of dead.
The Paris and Algiers radio re
ported Russian vanguards had pen
etrated the capital, but this was
not confirmed by either the Rus
sians or the Germans.
The Germans hurled fresh Nazi
armored forces into the defense of
the bombed and flaming Hungari
and capital. - - L~
Far to the north of Budapest, the
Red Army extended its front along
the central Slovak border to almost
30 miles in thrusts up to seven
miles. Soviet spearheads pointed
toward Bratislava and Vienna on
the west and also menaced the
rear communications of Germans
fighting in eastern Slovakia.
In the drive on Budapest, the
Second Ukraine Army captured
Veresegyhaz, and Szada, 1 oth 8 1-2
miles from the capital's northeast
ern suburbs.
Yesterday's communique report
ed the capture of only 14 populat
ed places in Hungary, six north
and northeast of Budapest and
eight north and northwest of Mis
kolc, 85 miles northeast of Buda
The fierceness of the fighting
was measured by the Soviet com
munique’s report that 22 enemy
tanks were destroyed yesterday
and 35 Sunday. The total bag Fri
day was 166 tanks knocked out and
75 planes destroyed.
Navy Speeds Combat
Veterans Home For
Christmas Holiday
OAKLAND. Calif.. Dec. 11.—(f)
—Jammed to capacity, naval air
transport service planes are land
ing nearly 100 home-bound combat
men a day in an increasing tempo
to get them to their homes in time
for Christmas.
Capt. James E. Dyer, NATS com
mander for the West Coast, said
wounded or able Navy men grant
ed mainland leave have priority
second only to munitions cargo.
Twelfth Naval District also an
nounced scores of men bound for
their Christmas fireside are be
ing speeded here by surface ship.
EL AS Forces
Held Set To
Leave Athens
ATHENS, Dec. 11.—CP)—Leaders
f ELAS forces strategically mass
d inside Atnens ana nearoy were
eported by an impartial source
onight to be ready to offer to
withdraw from the capital and
rom the entire department of
ftica in return for guarantees that
hey would not be prosecuted.
The leftist leaders were describ
:d by this source as “realizing
low-that they will eventually lose”
n the armed conflict and “relent
ng in their demands upon the
Papandreou government and in
heir decision to fight to the end.”
The report came at the end of
i day of bitter fighting in some
sections, although much of the
:ity was quiet. Eoth the ELAS and
British forces in the city were re
inforced, the ELAS infiltrating into
.he city during the night and the
British troops pouring in by day.
Several apartment houses and oth
er buildings were taken by the
ELAS last night without opposition.
The British obviously were pre
paring for a showdown fight with
the estimated 25,000 armed ELAS
entrenched in and about Athens.
Chinese Military Situation
Appears Eased
CHUNGKING, Dec. 11. — W —
The Chinese High Command an
nounced tonight that all Japanese
forces had been driven out of
Kweichow province, easing Chi
na’s perilous military situation at
least temporarily.
Tne communique said the rein
forced Chinese counter-offensive
had formed two Japanese columns
which penetrated deep into Kwei
chow back into Kwangsi .province,
had recaptured Liuchai, just over
the border, and had advanced 17
miles beyond.
The twin Japanese drives wnicn
were aimed at Kweiyang, Kwei
chow capital and strategic Burma
city, had at one time penetrated
to a point 70 miles inside the pro
vince. Capture of Kweiyang would
have put the Japanese in a posi
tion to strike either toward Chung
king, 200 miles to the northwest, or
at Kunming, 300 miles southwest.
However, it appears the Japa
nese ventured too far with too
little and encountered stiffer op
position from reinforced Chinese
troops as they penetrated deeper
into the province. The Japanese
were clad only in summer uniforms
and bitterly cold weather added to
their difficulties.
The Chinese themselves have
avoided the term “victory” in
their reports on the Kweichow
successes but nevertheless are
greatly relieved, believing China
now may be able to withstand any
full-scale invasion of Kweichow.
Some predict the Japanese chance
to take Kweiyang or Kunming,
has been lost.
Capture of the two towns would
seriously endanger the soon to be
opened Burma-Ledo Road planned
to feed supplies from India to the
Chinese army.
Hagenau, Sarreguemines
Captured By U. S.
PARIS, Dec. 11. — (£*) —
The Germans were driven
from their French buffer cit
ies of Haguenau and Sarre
guemines today and their last
defenses west of the Roer riv
er before Cologne were cav
ing in as three U. S. armies
redoubled blows at the Reich
from west and south.
Indications mounted that the en
emy was witnarawmg ai uumei*
dus sectors along the Western
Front, before the First Army at
the approaches to Cologne's plain,
and before the Third and Sev
enth from Sarreguemines to the
The First Army drive on the
Roer river positions added up to
three miles in two days as four
more towns in a 15-mile assault
arc were captured, four or five
more were entered and others
were by-passed.
At last reports the First was
closing hard upon Mariaweiler, on
ly a mile and a half from Duren,
key to the Roer river line, and
upon Hoven, within 500 yards of
the west bank of the Roer to the
While the U. S. Seventh Army
captured Haguenau—greatest ba.so
left to the nemy in France—one
column speared into the Maginot
Line town of Woerth, eight miles
north and seven from Germany.
Farther west beyond Niederbronij
the Americans hacked at enemy
positions less than four miles from
the 'bordeT.
The U. S. Third Army broke the
stubborn German resistance in
Sarreguemines, standing at the
southern door to the industral
Saar Basin, and lanced three
miles northeast to the border. Big
guns hammered two Saar cities
five to seven miles inside the ba
Despite paicny weainer, ,-suu
fighterbombers ripped into Ger
man positions just ahead of the
American assault lines in the Roer
valley after supply lines in the
enemy’s rear had been hammered
by 1,600 U. S. heavy bombers,
greatest air fleet ever sent aloft
in a single operation.
Lt. Gen. Courtney H. Hodges’
First Army was threatening the
last two towns on the approaches
to Duren, and a front dispatch
said the Germans appeared to be
fighting mainly a screening action
while moving t'he bulk of their
strength across the Roe? to new
defense positions.
Another front dispatch recording
the fall of Haguenau to Lt. Gen.
Alexander M. Patch’s Seventh Ar
my troops said there were indica
tions the Germans were retreating
to the Maginot and Siegfred Lines
all along the Seventh Army front.
From Lt. Gen. Patton’s Third
Army front, a dispatch quoted
American officers as seeing signs
of German weakening in the Sieg
fried Line outpost of Fraulautern,
as fiercely defended a town as any
yet struck by the Americans in th*
western Saarland.
Hampered by floods, the Cana
dian First Army in eastern Hol
land limited activity to a raid oil
enemy outposts three miles north
east of Jijmegen, taking 20 pris
The U. S. Ninth Army to t h •
north sent out' an increased num
ber of patrols and persisted in its
artillery duels with the Germans
1 l 1 _ At_ _A- 1_„ i _ — M
Pilot Of Blazing Fort
Completes His Mission
BOMBER BASE, England, Dec. 11
—(iP)—A Flying Fortress, piloted
by 22-year-old Lt. Gene H. Good
rick of Etterville, Mo., was two
minutes from the target on a re
cent raid on a big German oil re
finery when an anti-aircraft shell
caught it right in the belly.
The explosion bounced the crew
men out of their seats, wrecked
the oxygen system, and set the
big bomber on fire inside and out.
The co-pilot, bombardier, naviga
tor and engineer jumped.
Goodrick kept the Fortress in
formation and clutched the emer
gency bomb release switch.
“I looked back and saw smoke
and flames licking out from be
neath my compartment and com
ing up the sides,” he said today
in recounting nis experience.
Goodrick released his bombs and
dived steeply down and away from
the formation.
“I didn’t want to wreck any of
the other forts.”
The dive b'ew out the fires.
Gunner - Sergeant Lee Pierce,
Plainfield, N. J., crawled up in
the cockpit and restored Goodrick’s
oxygen supply. He had been with
out it for four minutes.
It was dark when the ship got
back to base. The hydraulic and
electrical systems were haywire.
The landing wneels kept going up
and down. There were no lights.
The air brakes "were gone.
Tailgunner Willard Clairday of
Albany, Ind.. cranked the wheels
down. Pierce worked a hand pump
to help reduce landing speed and
Goodrich set the bomber down on
the runway at 125 miles an hour,
down the runway, bumped over
the ground and off into a field
but no one was hurt.
the Roer around Julich.
LONDON, Dec. 11.—(.TU-Nazi V.
bombs killed 716 civilians in th#
United Kingdom during November
—more than four times as many
as in the previous month and mor#
than double the combined total for ,
October and September—the Minis
try of Home Security disclosed to
Of those killed, 269 were men,
345 women and 102 children under
16 years.
It was during November that Brit
ish officials first announced the Na
zis were firing long - range rocket#
against these islands.
But the November fatalities were
down sharply from August's 1,103
during the height of the flying
bomb blitz. During November
1,511 sustained injuries requiring
hospitalization and in August there
were 921 such cases.
October’s deaths totalled 172 and
September's 170.

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