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::ijp=;~ Mtlmmgtmt iftnntitu} Star [ ™£ NO. 285 " ' ----—-—-, _ ___ WILMINGTON, N. C., TUESDAY, DECEMBER 19, 1944 FINAL EDITION L | ----——-—— -- .... ■ ■ ■ ■ ■■■ ■ "WiJ U.3. Approves Red's Plan On Polish Border Agreement Conditional Oi Mutual Accord By Other Groups WASHINGTON, Dec. 18 (/P)—The United States re stored some semblance of har moiiy to the ranks of the Bij Three today by a declaration pf agreement in principle t< s partition of Poland, de manded by Russia and ap proved by Britain. The United States agreement set forth in a statement by Sec retarv of State Stettinius, wa: ffiade' conditional on mutual ac cWd by the "United Nations di rectly concerned" in the new Po lish frontiers. Bv these Nations, it was rees tabiisner. Stettinius meant Poland jnd the Soviet Union, which seeks the eastern third of Poland. The Secretary of State inferen dally urged such an accord, say in'it could contribute to prose cation of the war and that Poland could have American assistance in transfers of population and re habilitation of devastated areas. As a substitute for an ironclad American guarantee of their pro posed new borders, ruled out by traditional U. S. policy, the Poles «re offered the general security envisaged under the United Na tions organization. Oil Capitol Hill. Senator Con nally. of Texas, chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations Commit tee. said: The settlement of boundaries arising from the war ought to be delayed until the definite peace (Continued on Page Ten; Col. 4) _ IT CHURCHILL HELD BACKING POLISH CLAIM ON REICH LONDON, Dec. 18.—(.$>)— Mos cow's Pravda. official oegan o: the Communist party, printed ar article tndpv . ijv Dr. Stefan Yen drikowski of the Lublin Polish Committee declaring that Prime Minis er Churchill and Gen. de Gaulle's French government sup port Poland's ciaim to Germar territory as far west as the Odea river, within 80 miles of Berlin 'Churchill, in his Commons ad dress last Friday, did not specify the western boundary he had ir mind for Poland, but said that “sc far as Russia and Great Britair are concerned.” the Poles were free "to extend their territories at the expense of Germany to the we-;.” i Yendrikowski declared that Po land has an historical right to the territories, which include westerr and southern sectors of East Prus sia. and said that Russia, Yugo slavia and Czechoslovakia woulc support her claim. "Some persons and even group; in the Uni*ed States have no grasped the complex problem o our western frontiers and add foi this reason do r.ot see eye to eyu >o our demands,” he added. Hi laid claim to these lands; *1) Both Upper and Lower Sile sia (including Breslau); (2) “bor oer terri ories to the east of th< Ouci”: (3) Western Pomerania ti the Oder: (4t the Vistula Estuar; 'Danzig); (5) Varmca and Ma suria (western and southern Eas Prussia.) . "The task of the Polish peopli is not only to liberate land fron 'l16 Germans,” Yendrikowsk '■rote, "but to collect their histori cal territories.” -V ACL RAIL PURCHASE *2,000,000 Order Placed Witl Tennessee Company Birmingham, au., Dec. is — tff>) _ The Tennessee Coal, Iron and Railroad Co. today announced it had received an order from the Atlantic Coast L'ne Railroad for 60,000 tons °I rails, valued at approximate *y si.ooo.ooo. The order, for 1945 delivery, brings to about 41".000 tons the "eight involved in rail orders Placed with the TCI within re eent days. -to » iTchrKtma Seal1 j Search For Papa Little sharyn Moffet, child film star, joins her baby brother Greg on a reconnaissance trip down the stairs in their Hollywood home. It seems somebody told them that Santa could be expected any day now and they’ve been making reg ular searches about the house just in case he should arrive before , Christmas day. LOCAL ACCIDENTS TAKE FIVE LIVES Hunting Victim Dies; Girl Is Seriously Wounded By Gun Wilbur Smith, 17, of Seagate, died at James Walker Memorial hospital last night of a gunshot wound suffered while hunting Fri day 'afternoon at Greenville sound. This brings the toll of violent deaths in the county over the week-end to five, and a child is in critical condition at the hos pital after she was accidentally shot early last night. Sheriff's deputies reported that V e r n i e Cumber, five-year-old daughter of H. E. Cumper, 102 Davie drive, Maffitt Village, was critically wounded by a 22 cali ber rifle, which w-as fired by ei ther a tw-o-year-old or a four year-old child Cumber told authorities that he returned home from the country, and laid his repeating rifle, which (Continued on Page Ten; Col. 4) Harbors Bill Seems Doomed To Die With Retiring Congress WASHINGTON, Dec. 18.— UR — , a postwar Rivers and Harbors bill , today appeared certain to die with ' the old Congress. Chairman Bailey (D-NC) of the Senate Commerce Committee doubted there is time for final ac . tion. , The stumbling block is an . amendment making reclamation limitations inapplicable to Central - Valley, Calif. The rider was at tached by the House, rejected by , the Senate. ' Bailey said last week he might i ask the Senate to reconsder. He said today other matters probably would take up the remaining titr^. The bill would authorize navig. tion, reclamation and hydroelec tric projects to cost nearly $500, 000.000. It makes no appropriation [ of funds. Bailey said a new bill would be offered early in the new Congress. Warning For Road Curve At Greenfield Is Urged _ Following two automobile acci dents on the highway curve at Greenfield Park, in which three persons were] killed within 40 days, the Board of County Com 1 missioners and City Manager A. ; q Nichols took separate action I yesterday to expedite the installa tion of a highway danger signal on the thoroughfare. Pointing out that a large num ber of fatal accidents have oc curred at this point, climaxed by the death of Sanford Randell, 34, early Sunday, the commissioners and Mr. Nichols urged that the State Highway Commission install appropriate warning signals at the curve* just south of the Green field Park spillway. Two Marines were killed on the \ curve November 12 when their car * crashed into a truck. Randell’s ear overturned after leaving the road. Complaints were heard by com missioners relating to the hazard provided by lights from automo biles on the section of Front street which passes near the Greenfield curve. It was apparent that head lights of automobiles on Front street confuse drivers entering and leaving the City at the curve on Third street. City Manager Nichols sent his second request to the State High way Commission. His first re quest for safety measures was made immediately after the death of two Marines. In other phases of the county session. Addison Hewlett, chair man of the board, was re-appoint (Continued on Page Two; Col. 4) Germans Drive 18 Miles In Belgium; New V-Weapon Bombards Yanks; i'f/Jl Refuse To Fight On Mindoro -& M.-—-i.-4 _ __Jt - AMERICAN" / 742 WAh. *1NES Construction Men Putting Landing Fields In Shape GENERAL MacARTHUR’S HEAD QUARTERS, Philip pines, Tuesday, Dec. 19—(IP) —Destruction or serious dam aging of 742 Japanese war planes during the past week was disclosed by Gen. Doug las MacArthur today as American invasion troops met no resistance on Mindoro Island. The Japanese planes were bag ged by land-based American air craft and planes operating from Adm. William F. Halsey’s Third Fleet. The chief American purpose in seizing Mindoro Island is the con struction of airdromes from which further to harry the Hapanese. Ma nila is only a half hour’s flight from Mindoro. American and Aus tralian construction men were busy putting airstrips into shape. The communique said the Yankee landing on Mindoro had “caught him (the enemy) completely off balance,” and except for a few nuisance air attacks, the Ameri cans were making their scheduled progress. Invasion of Mindoro has been the easiest major job of the Pacific war. Associated Press Correspon dent Elmont Waite, writing from Mindoro, said “The Japanese have offered not the slightest resistance as yet aside from harassing air attacks by a few planes." He said the invasion has been moving "swifter1 than had beerj hoped.” ■ The Japanese at the city of San Jose fled in such haste they left their breakfast bowls of rice and clams still warm. Six dead Japanese were found the second day of the invasion. In the drive against the ene my on Leyte Island, the 77th Di vision reached an airdrome west (Continued on Page Two; Col. 4) U. S. SUBMARINES DESTROY 33 MORE NIPPONESE SHIPS WASHINGTON. Dec. 18. — (JP) — Score 33 more Japanese ships for the American undersea raiders. A Navy communique today re ported the new successes of its submarines which are hunting in the far Pacific. The announce ment boosts the total of enemy ships sunk Dy United States sub marines to 907, of which 94 were fighting ships. In this latest tally, (the last announcement v. as on December 4) are twelve combatant ships — a' light cruiser, three destroyers, six escort vessels, a mine-sweeper and a mine-layer. The Navy never announces de tails of the place or circumstance under which one of its submarines makes a kill, but the categories men ioned in today’s communique suggests that enemy convoys fur nished most of the targets. Twenty one of the 33 ships were tankers, merchantmen or trans ports. Destroyers and destroyer escorts usually are protecting ves sels for . convoys. The Japanese, hard pressed hy their losses at sea, pr'obably also use mine-sweepers and mine-layers for escort pur poses. Russian Troops Drive Inside Czechoslovakia LONDON. Dec. 18.—(#)—Russian troops smashed two miles inside southern Czechoslovakia on an eivht-mile front today, crossing the Kecske mountains of northern Hungary and driving to within 11 1-2 miles of t h e east Slovakian stronghold of Kassa, a Moscow communique announced. Kassa was outflanked on the south and southwest as the Rus sians reached the Slovak frontier on 68-mile front, the bulletin dis closed. Berlin said that other So viet troops were advancing on Kas sa from positions within 15 miles to the east. Gaining up to five miles from their previous positions and threat ening soon to smash the entire German salient in eastern Slo vakia, between Hungary and Po land, the Russians crossed the frontier in the Horvaty-Janok Reste area, three miles south of the communications center of Mol dava, and 20 miles north of the Russian base of Miskolc, which is 85 miles northeast of Budapest. At Reste, the Russians were 15 miles southwest of Kassa and at Horvaty, eight miles to the west, they were within 15 miles of stra tegic Roznava. They reached the Slovak fron tier on a broad front whose west ern wing was at Susa, 70 miles northeast of Budapest and 26 miles northwest of Miskolc. The eastern wing was at the frontier in the Abaujvar-Alsokeded area, 11 1-2 miles southeast of Kassa and 16 miles northwest of the Soviet base of Satoraljaujhely. The Russians now had broken into the broad Bodva and Hernad river valleys below Kassa and were driving swiftly ahead in an effort to straighten the entire line between Soviet holdings in south ern Poland and two-thirds-encircl ed Budapest. The Russians al ready are attacking behind Ipoly Sag (Sahy) on the Hungarian-west Slovakian frontier 34 ( miles north west of Budapest. BRITISH-ELAS BATTLE RAGES 45 Insurgents Captured As Fight Moves Toward Piraeus ATHENS, Dec. 18. —<A>)— The battle between British forces and the Greek ELAS grew heavier this afternoon, moving southward in Athens ^towards' IftfiSirA and the city's port, Piraeus. British paratrooper, infantry and armored units which began their offensive south of the Acropolis at dewn this morning met stiffer ELAS resistance as the day wore on. It was a patrol job for the British and. for the most part, successful. The patrols are spread over a wide area. Accompaning a patrol this af ternoon which lost one man and took 45 ELAS prisoners who sur rendered only after hard fighting, they held out for several hours until the paratroopers used their deadly piat ‘tie-man anti - tank guns. The British drive against the ELAS, fighting arm of the Left Wing EAM party, has been de scribed as an all-out effort to clear the armed Leftists from the capital. Its first goal was to open the main highway between Athens Piraeus and Kaiamaki airport. An ELAS group which was cap tured had dug themselves into a block of apartment buildings and fought back fiercely for several hours. Then one of the British paratroopers v;as killed and his (Continued on Page Two; Col. 7) SUPERFORTS FIRE JAP PLANE PLANT Aerial Squeeze Tightened By New Blows At Hankow WASHINGTON, Dec. 18—I*—'Up to 200 Superfortresses squeezed the Japanese in an aerial nutcracker today, leaving “large fires” as the biggest home island aircraft center Snct getting'' “good” bombing re sults at Hankow, China. The twin bomber commands of the American 20th Air Force struck simultaneously from east and west. Maj. Gen. Curtis le May’s 20th Command lashed out from Asiatic mainland bases against the com munications and supply center in conquered China and Brigadier Gen. H. S. Hansell, Jr.’s new 21st Command sent bombers streaking from Saipan in the reconquered Mariannas against the great Hatsudoki plant of the Mitsubishi interests at Nagoya. All the B-29’s returned from both raids, the War Department an nounced in communiques early to night giving the first details. Air opposition over Nagoya was described as “slight” and that over Hankow as “weak.” In both cases anti-aircraft was reported moder ate, despite reconnaissance reports that the enemy had installed more guns in the vicinity of Nagoya after a damaging attack last week. Returning crews at Saipan re ported “heavy explosions and large fires in the target area of the Mitsubishi aricraft plant.” the com munique said. Targets at Hankow, far up the Yangtse river, were docks and (Continued on Page Two; Col. 6) Senators Attack British Intervention In Greece WASHINGTON, Dec. 18.— (J1 — The Senate today debated Ameri can foreign policy with a bitter ness that spilled over into bipar tisan condemnation of Britain's military intervention in Greece and criticism of Russia’s role in the Balkans. With six State Department nom inations before it as the excuse, the Senate furnished an hours long preview of what might be expect ed when it receives a peace treaty. Otherwise loyal New Dealers criticized the slate of staff appoint ments President Roosevelt had sent up. Republicans defended the President’s right to pick the men he wants. Calls came from both sides of the chamber for an enun ciation of American foreign poli cy. Hiram Johnson, California Re mblican who fought the League of Nations, raised a Quavering voice o urge the Senate to do some hing about Greece. There, he said, jeople were being “shot like dogs’’ with weapons we provided the British. A. B. “Happy” Chandler, Ken tucky Democrat who girdled the world in an Army bomber, said he didn’t want American diplo mats who might “follow the Brit ish.” Burton K. Wheeler. Montana Democrat, shook his finger at his colleagues and asserted it was not the so-called isolationists, b u t those who had plugged for this country’s early intervention in the war, who were fighting the nomi nations. Russia and England, he said, were looking after their own in terests first but if “anybody here says he is for America first, he’s an isolationist.” What could the United States do, he asked, if Rus sia says she is going to take the Balkans, the Dardanelles and Fin land? Chairman Tom Connally (D-Tex) of the Foreign Relations Commit tee, his sometime irony sheathed in favor of the soft answer, plead ed for quick confirmation of the appointees. Otherwise, he said, the world would think President Roosevelt has “lost his leader ship” on foreign affairs. Claude Pepper, Florida Demo crat who said he nearly always has followed the President because he though Mr. Roosevelt was right, called the nominations a mistake. He sought to delay action on them until after the new Congress meets, hoped Mr. Roosevelt would reconsider. Arthur Vandenberg. Michigan Re publican who thought the de bate out of all proportion to the confirmation question involved, called for a statement of foreign policy by President Roosevelt. Pepper agreed the American ideas ought to be “articulated, clarifi ed.” BLASTS ROCKING WESTERN FRONT Allied Air Forces Join Bat tle With Nazi Planes LONDON, Dec. 38—W)—Ber lin propagandists hinted today that Field Marshal von Rund stedt’s counter-offensive might be a “peace offensive’’ de signed, through attrition, to gain for Germany something better than unconditional sur render. WITH THE U. S. NINTH ARMY IN GERMANY, Dec. 18—(JP)—A new type of Ger man V-weapon bombarded the U. S. Ninth and First Army fronts today. During the night, the entire combined fronts were lighted by flares and rocked to the thunder of antiaircraft guns and explosions of Hitler’s new secret weapon, details of which presently are re stricted. The Luftwaffe’s1* struggle against the Allied air forces raged on unabated up and down the Roer valley in support of the German’s counteroffensive. Clouds were so low over the front that some planes had to fly at tree-top height across moun tainous areas. Dogfights took place under 1,000 feet in some places. One group of Thunderbolt fight ers, jumping 30 ME-190’s near Duren, reported the pilots were “of inferior caliber’’ and fled into the clouds. Tn n+ViPr cPftnrc +hp flprmon oiv force fought with an aggressive ness it has not shown in months. *' The unceasing German aerial assault began Saturday about 10 p. m. and has continued since then, despite heavy losses. More than 200 enemy fighters already have been shot down. German night fighters and bomb ers strafed and bombed their own towns in Germany as well as sev eral in Holland. Tney dived down out of the clouds plastering some streets with machinegun fire. Air operations in the Ninth Army sector apparently are de signed to try io disrupt communi cations and block any supporting moves to the First Army. During the day, the German planes struck closely to the front along the Roer river valley and thence south into Belgium and Luxembourg. They appeared content to inter cept American planes as they came over and not risk undue losses with penetrations over Am erican and British territory, where the cloud-laden skies were filled with the drone of h"nd’eds of .fighters. Invasion Of Europe Has Cost Americans 258,124 Casualties WASHINGTON. Dec. 18. —— Invasion operations in France, the lowlands and the German border region cost the Army Ground For ces casualties totaling 258.124 to December 1, the War Department reported today. The total included 44.143 killed, 189,118 wounded and 24.863 missing. Air Force casualties were not included in the report. Casualties reported in November amounted to 57.775, the denartment said, add ing that this figure might include casualties from previous months. Enemy Struck Weakest Part Of Yank Line WASHINGTON, Dec. 18—W—The German counter offensive struck the weakest part of the Allied line on the Western Front, War Depart ment sources disclosed today. They conceded that some Allied units may get bottled up in the advance. On the whole, however, these sources were inclined to minimize the force of the Nazi thrust. They said it probably was aimed: 1. — At drawing Allied reserves from seriously threatened points on the German defense line. 2. —At giving the German home front a lift at Christmas time with a report of “victory.” The sector at which the Nazi at tack was thrown, officials explain ed, was weak because of the wide dispersion of Allied divisions. The sector was lightly held, because the terrain in front and behind the line was not considered very im portant. The Germans, it was said, have thrown in a substantial part of their strategic general reserves, includ ing at least three Panzer units, and now have a numerical superi ority on that sector two to three times Allied strength. These sources declined to specu late how far the German offensive might carry, but said that it still could go a lot farther without caus ing serious damage. t r EMERGENCY RAIDS STAGED ON NAZIS BY ALLIED PLANES LONDON, Tuesday. Dec. 19.—UP) —A strong force of perhaps 500 RAF Lancasters smashed at Ger man shipping in the big Polish port of Gdynia north of Danzig last night after 1,100 British-based Am erican warplanes made emergen cy daylight attacks through clouds against three railheads used to supply the Nazis’ new Western front offensive. The British heavyweights rang ed 1,600 miles to deliver a mighty blow estimated at 2.500 tons of bombs against the Baltic port, This assault brought to more than 7,000 the number of Allied planes which hove pounded Nazi targets with an estimated 14,000 tons of explosives in a furious 48 hour aerial campaign. The American operation yester day struck at Cologne, Coblenz and Mainz, three rail centers supply ing the Germans’ stab into Bel gium, with 2,000 tons of bombs. More than 500 Flying Fortresses and” 600 escorting Mustangs of the U. S. Eighth Air Force were risk ed in weather so hazardous that normally they would have been kept on the ground. A communique said three bom bers and five f.gbters were miss ing after the attack on the three rail centers. The Mustangs killed off three Messerschmitts in scattered dog fights. After nightfall the German radio warned that fast-flying bomber for mations, probably RAF Mosquitos, were approaching southwestern Germany. Joining the attack, heavy bom bers of the U. S. 15th Air Force with protecting fighters hammered German synthetic oil refineries, in Silesia and military targets in the Vienna area from bases in Italy. Army To Increase Draft By 20,OOP In January WASHINGTON, Dec. 18. — (£>)— The War Department announced today that it has asked Selective Service to increase the Army’s January and February calls from 60,000 to 80,000. The department said that since last July it has asked Selective Service for fewer men than the estimated requirements. The de ficits were made up by combing Army units to obtain men or field service. By this method, the department said the Selective Service call had been held to 60,000 a month, but that now is necessary to in crease the calls by 20,000 a month. It will be determined later, the department said, whether it will be necessary to continue the 80, 000 rate in March and April. Selective Service announced that all men under 30 who had been rejected for military service since last February 1, except those with obvious physical defects, will be re-examined next year. A Selective Service official said the order already in the hands of local draft boards applies princi pally to “border line cases.” Selective Service said the Army agreed to re-examine the men to determine whether some of the “border line cases” might be available for general duty. The matter was taken up with the Ar my after Selective Service noted an increase in the number of re jections of men once found fit foi service but subsequently turned down when finally called for in duction. The Army ordinarily gives draf tees a second examination if they are called for induction more than 90 days after taking their original examination. 95 ENEMY TANKS ARE KNOCKED OUT Censorship I m p o s e d On Battle Held Vital To War Course SUPREME HEADQUAR TERS ALLIED EXPEDI TIONARY FORCE, Paris, Dec. 18 — (/P) — The great German counteroffensive, hammering a deep dent in U. S. First Army lines, plunged at least 18 miles inside Bel gium today despite a lashing ground defense and Allied air blows that knocked out 95 enemy tanks and armored vehicles and damaged 26 more. First indication of the extent of the German drive came from the U. S. Ninth Air Force, which an nounced that British Typhoons had attacked 20 German armored ve hicles “west of Stavelot”, which is 18 miles west o? the frontier and 24 miles southeast of the for tress of Liege. This was 15 miles from where the lines stood before the German push began. Both the First and Ninth Army sectors were bombarded day and night by a new German V-weapon of undisclosed nature. The front rocked to the explosions of the weapons and the thunder of Ameri can antiaircraft fire. Flares light ed the night sky. Through heavy censorship of ground troop movements on the First Army front came reports of pilots participating in the greatest mass destruction of enemy armor since the battle of the Falaise Gap in Normandy last summer. U. S. fighterbombers, lending priceless aid to ground troops, many of whom had their positions overrun, ripped up and down the Western Front, destroying an ad ditional 265 transport vehicles. They also pounded German troops and gun positions, bombing and strafing. The German high command hurled scores of thousands of (Continued on Page Three; Col. '£) GERMANS CLAIM ATTACK PROVES ARMY VITALlTYj LONDON, Dec. 18 — UP)— German broadcasts, hinting at “more sur prises to come,” claimed today their counter-offensive had slashed to the area of Malmedy in Belgium on the north and across northern Luxembourg to near the Belgian border on the south. Berlin military commentators threw in occasional phrases of cau tion, but Goebbels propagandists pulled all the stops in making the most of Field Marshal von Bund stedt’s counterblow. “There is no greater proof that German vitality is unbroken than this new offensive at a time when out enemies already are distribu ting German provinces,” one pro paganda broadcast declared. The Ferman radio and press made no mention of a new secret weapon reported by American cor respondents. One Nazi correspon dent said that “V-l (robot bombs) are buzzing overhead at the front.” “The first powerful assault has torn the American front open,” Transocean asserted, “and Ameri can resistance was smashed in (Continued on Page Two; Col. •) CHRISTMAS BOXES Red Cross Issues Final Plea For Quick Delivery A final plea for Christmas boxes for convalescent soldiers was made by the local Red Cross chapter last night. The deadline has passed, of ficials said, and many mors boxes are needed. Church or ganizations still packing boxes are urged to bring them to Red Cross headquarters today so that every soldier on the list will receive his gift for Christmas day. Less perishable food and more items dear to a Yank’s heart are stressed for the con tents. Cigarets (if you can find them), cigars, candy, chewing gum, cards and other gifts are the order of the day. The boys who will receive them have just returned from the fighting fronts and Red Cross ofiCcials pointed out that many still are far from home. I Christmas cheer Is needed.