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Bv The Wilming'on Star-News R. B. Page. Owner ana Publisher Second Class Matter at Wilming ten! N.- C. Postoffice Under Act of Congress of March 3, 1878. ” cttrscrIPTION rates by carrier NEW HANOVER COUNTY Payable Weekly or In Advance Time . »« ,Ne™ n.ati0^ J . ... 1.30 1.10 2.15 J .. 3.90 3.25 6.50 * Mnnths . 7.80 6.50 13.00 I Months -------- 156Q 1300 28.00 (News rates entitle subscriber to Sunday issu of Star-News) '- BY MAIL Payable Strictly in Advance J Months .$ 2.50 $ 2.00 * 3.85 6 Months . 5.00 4.00 7.70 j year _ 10.00 8.00 15.40 (News rates entitle subscriber to Sunday issue of Star-News) When remitting by mail please use check or U S P O. money order. The Star News can not be responsible for currency sent through the mails. _ MEMBER THE ASSOCIATED PRESS With confidence in our armed forces—with the unbounding determination of our people— we will gain the inevitable triumph—so help ■s God. Roosevelt’s War Mesaage. WEDNESDAY. DECEMBER 20, 1944. THOUGHT FOR TODAY It ie remarkable that Wisdom in its nob lest sons like Kepler, Bacon, Newton and Faraday, have never hesitated to bend be fore the Babe-Christ.—F. B. Meyer. —-V Dead Man’s Curve Wilmington cannot afford to have a dead man's curve." Traffic conditions must be as safe as they can humanly be made. There is no argument about this. But Wilmington will have its "dead man's curve” as long as nothing is done to protect traffic on Third Street at the bend just south of the Greenfield park spillway. Four deaths have occured there. There is no way of deter mining how soon another life will be sacrificed. But we may be sure that as long as some ef fective signal is not installed to warn approach ing motor vehicles, the threat of death will exist. The southern approach is beyond the city lim its. It would appear, therefore, that responsi bility for providing a signal light rests with the State Highway department, which has been urg ed by City Manager A. C. Nichols to install it. We do not know why this request has not been complied with. There may be an understand able explanation. But in such an emergency as exists the need is for action, not explanations. Failure to act now could not be condoned. If, however, there is further trouble in get ting the state to install a signal, responsibility would then descend upon the county govern ment, and if the court house postponed action the city government would be warranted in taking the matter into its own hands. In support of this position it may be said that "dead man’s curve” reflects upon Wil mington. No accident happens there that is not generally blamed upon Wilmington, not the county. It is Wilmington’s good name, Wilming ton’s provisions for safety, that are at stake. In the circumstances, Wilmington would be ful ly justified in installing the light. _it_ Reynolds On Spiritual Values We have recently declared our belief n the spiritual awakening of men in the aimed for ces, and now comes along the December issue of the Kiwanis magazine with an article about Quentin Reynolds, and the honor done him by the Columbia University club in New York at an ‘‘open season,” when the correspondent and author corroborated our view. His friends in the club fired an endless stream of questions at Reynolds and were amazed, says the article, at his ready answers, The author of the magazine article, Lawrence H. Singer, tells of Reynolds’ impressions of men at the front and of his remarks at the “open season” concerning their emergence from youth into seasoned veterans and serious men. Their early pursuit of souvenirs and later recognition of what war really means and how dependent they are on Divine guidance are described in a few brief paragraphs, which we quote: V/U1 men, nl luai, uiuu t seem lO KliOW why they were fighting. For a while, he thought the Americans were battling primarily for souvenirs. Every soldier seemed to pride himself, at the start of the Sicilian campaign, with the amount of junk he could accumulate— German epaulets, Italian tin hats, enemy deco rations, and similar bric-a-brac. "But that carefree mood changed quickly when the Yanks learned to recognize the nature of the enemy. They found that Nazis would at tach booby traps to their own dead; they would display the white flag of surrender, and then mow down our troops as they started to clase in for the capture. Incidents of this sort tough ened the fibre of our soldiers, and made them grim fighters. "Reynolds was touched by the devotion of our officers to their men, despite the headline splurges of the Patton affair. He remarked that Patton himself was probably suffering from the very disease whose existence he de nied—battle fatigue. The correspondent told oi hard-bitten Maj. Gen. Terry Allen, command ing our First Division, who invariably attackec at night—because casualties were lower in the dark. He recounted how that tough, salty sol dier would often disappear for fifteen minutes after giving hig battle orders. The mysterj i <• was finally cleared up; Allen habitually walked alone in the olive groves at that time, praying for his men. "Reynolds was constantly moved by the re ligious urge of our soldiers as they went into battle. He told of the mass conducted on his ship just before the Salerno landing, the alter flanked with guns. OvA 350 men attended that service, he said, and the Catholic chaplain told him later that more than half were Protestants and Jews. He described the poignant tableau of three men responding at that ceremony for communion—a negro messman, a greasy en gine-room sailor and a two-star general in bat tle dress.” --V A Delaying Action Maybe we generally are watching the wrong place. Maybe we shouldn’t be focusing attention so intently on the German thrust into Eelgium but have our eyes trained on the rest of the Western front where the Al lied armies have their greater fire power. If these other armies make substantial gains while the Germans have a great force con centrated against the right wing of the Ameri can First army, then the enemy’s drive into Belgium will have failed in its main objec tive which, obviously, was to force General Eisenhower to withdraw troops and lessen the pressure on other sectors. Kirke L. Simpson, the Associated Press anal yet, holds that the Germans do not expect their drive to continue beyond the time when its surprise element wears off; that it was designed as a delaying action with the hope of staving off an Allied break-through until spring or at least late in the winter. It is a reasonable conclusion in view of the fact that Eisenhower has superiority in the air, in man power, artillery, troops, supply and equip ment. There is no good reason to think that be cause the Germans have finally launched a counterattack the outcome on the western front is in doubt. It would be silly to assume that so powerful an enemy, now under ex pert military direction instead of Hitler, would give up without making a try at stopping the general advance. The German military com mand is not that kind of a fighting machine. Even though it recognizes the inevitability of defeat, it could not reconcile itself to laying down its arms until it had exhausted its every means of combat. The thrust it is now making is an offensive defensive operation to delay surrender. The terrain over which it is fighting favors this maneuver. The advance may go further into Belgium, but even so it would not mean that the gains thus made could reverse the tide of war in western Europe. By no stretch of the imagination is it possible to foresee a German break-through or encirclement of the First army. It may be necessary to throw in Allied reserves, but this can be done without weakening any of the other armies pounding their way steadily toward the Rhine. There is no excuse to be downhearted. -V Polish Boundary Dispute Washington may have an entirely satisfac tory reason for announcing the United States will go along with Russia and Great Britain on the Polish boundary question as long as the de cision of the United Nations most concerned is mutally acceptable. But it would appear that as long as the United Nations most concerned are Russia and Poland, and they are poles apart, there is little hope that any decision now will be mutally acceptable. Furthermore, there may be satisfactory reas ons for the Big Three of the Allies to be de voting time to postwar settlements while the war is still to be won, but we find much to commend in the view of Senator Connally who says, “The settlement of boundaries arising from the war ought to be delayed until the definite peace treaty.” Especially do we agree with his further statement: “The war is not over and other settlements are to be made, and they ought to be made altogether.” Naturally"7his country, favoring a square deal for all nations after war, wants to see a strong Poland, capable of taking an honorable place in the community of nations in the brave new world ahead. But we are not convinced that the Russo-British plan for the Polish boun dary is the best that could be framed, or that now is the time to do anything about it which contains even the semblance of finality. The place for a discussion of Poland’s fron tiers is at the peace table, with Poland’s ac credited representatives present to make their country’s claims known in open session. _-\r_ Save Christmas Paper Christmas offers a splendid time to hoard paper. The universal exchange of presents then means that great quantities of wrapping paper and cardboard will find its way into Wilming ton homes. Every scrap should be saved against the next Jaycee collection day. Nor are these the only types of paper which make their appearance in large volume on Christmas. Tissues, stickers, greeting cards also are valuable. Keep it all. Paper is still an essential war material and still lacking in sufficient quantities for pack aging many things needed by the armed forces. Don’t let a scrap escape. -V Gasoline is the biggest problem for the Su perfortresses in China. By the time the gas gets to Chengtu the cost of it is around $50 a gallon. On the mission to Formaso, the plane I was on used nearly 8000 gallons of gasoline. Figure out how many War Bonds that repre sents.—Lt. Thomas B. Friedman of Cleveland, 0-. back from China. \ V I Fair Enough | (Editor's note.—The Star and the News accept no responsibility for the personal views of Mr. Pegler, and often disagree with them as much as many of his read ers. His articles serve the good purpose of making people think.) By WESTBROOK PEGLER (Copyright. 1944, by King Features Syndicate.) NEW YORK,—By a strange route which I cannot pretend to follow, a number of inter esting individuals over there on the left have arrived at the conclusion that the boycott is unfair, un-American and in round numbers, evil, if it is employed by their political and ideological opponents against actors, writers and radio entertaners who took part in the recent campaign on the side of the New Deal. That it is either unfair or un-American I deny. It has long been used as a weapon by the very people who now object most ve hemently and, of course*, we all know that not all things American are necessarily nice. A method or practise may be many degrees off the beam of righteousness and still be, unfor tunately, American. Bigotry for example, is deplorable, but nevertheless American as re current waves in our history show. That the boycott, carried to its logical con clusion, is dangerous I do not deny, however, and I would like to say that I was being more ironic than serious when I gently touch ed upon the possibilities of a boycott. My purpose was to point out that our Supreme Court and Mrs. Eleanor Roosevelt have en dorsed this dangerous weapon and I hoped I made it clear that I was not endorsing their endorsement but warning of its possi bilities. Our Supreme Court endorsed it in two Frankfurter Opinions which held that it was legitimate for unions not only to boycott the merchandise of innocent, law abiding, tax paying citizens who are entitled to the pro tection of their government but to do so for illegitimate purposes and by false and mali cious propaganda. i uu liut uiiuersiaiiu r i aiiKiunei ai an ana I insist that his reputation as a liberal and valuable citizen is undeserved. I think we are the worse off for his service and influence among us because in his most conspicuous mo ments I have been unable to find him on the side of law and order which is the side for a justice of the Supreme Court. In the historic Bisbee deportation case he ignored the imminent peril of armed revolution in an American community and condemned the Americans who beat the revolutionists to it by rounding them up and shipping them off into New Mexico. Had they not done this there might have been a terrible battle in which innocent Americans, residents of the town and countryside, and including women and children, would have fallen. In fact that is what the jury did decide in acquitting the defendant in the test case. Twice more, in t h e so-called carpenters’ case and the so-ca'ied cafeteria case, we found Frankfurter deciding in favor of unions which admittedly lied against unoffending citizens with intent to destroy them if they persisted in their refusal to yield to unfair demands. In each case, the boycott was a bludgeon and the Supreme Court gave it a resounding cheer. Mrs. Roosevelt’s endorsement was not a matter of mere words. She acted out her boycott in refusing to enter a theatre which was being picketed in the interests of a rank, reeking racket without even considering the facts and merits of the dispute. iww uicic cue many vuici j;ici.cucm5 emu horrible examples, but these will do to justify counter-boycotts which could produce some terrible results in our country. For example, if all the citizens who voted republican in the last election were to organize to boycott all the movies and plays in which communist and other New Deal actors, writers, and pro ducers were implicated and all merchandise advertised on the air by similar characters, we would be divided into two big mutually hateful families of Hatfields and McCoys. Nevertheless, if you extend the reasoning of Frankfurter and Mrs. Roosevelt, that is where you find yourself and it is not up to me to say whether that is where they would like to find us. If it isn’t, they are being reckless in pointing that way as though some beautiful promised land lay down the rough road. In practice, boycotts usually are ineffective unless they are enforced by law. One of the few hilarious moments of the campaign of the communists in the Newspaper Guild of which Mrs. Roosevelt is a member, although she is not qualified for membership, was the boycott against a famous line of alcoholic beverages whose owners refused to violate certain contracts and withdraw their advertising from a paper which the Guild had struck by a vote of a tiny minority of the whole number of workers. The advertiser tried to reason with the communists, which was a waste of effort, by pointing out that he would be violating the principle of the free press if he used his box-office power in this manner. If he could legitimately use it for this purpose then, with equal right and justice, he could use it to make the editor comply with his political beliefs. Then the advertisers would, indeed, control the press. The boycott and the strike both failed but the humor of the boycott lay in the fact that the two prime agitators in the strike were no torious moochers who never bought a drink and were always on the cuff even at hotels and unfailingly in night clubs and would rever refuse a free drink, boycott or no. Generally, boycotts flop even when declared by unions because the members find it in convenient and expensive to comply. Of course if a mob pickets a store or spies are known to be planted there to report union members who enter, the thing is effective for just that long. I suggest that the objections to the boycott as a mass weapon and disucssions of the dan gers involved be addressed to Frankfurter and Mr. R. They have been really serious about it. They mean it. I was only pointing out something. SO THEY SAY After the wai there will be a marked tend ency toward hasty marriage*. . . If the pat tern of World War I is followed, men on the average will court younger women.—Ernest W. Burgess, U. of Chicago sociologist • * • Because the United States leaders forcibly dragged their people into the war without just aims, they are turning every means in their attempt to terminate the war in as short a period as possible.—Jap Premier Kuniaki Koiso. * * * The Allies have once more fixed over-op timistic victory dates. We know that they are doomed to disappointment. Such disappoint ments are likely to increase the already wide spread war weariness in the enemy camp. —Goebbels. I Where Germans Strike In Counter - Offensive /^Germany \ &S ifirss7i.ssMpipt J«T /V^\j -'X ■ ;H.,„,|JC5-iAf, >«^NE=S^\ ( • ^^.. S ^\iU,,chS.egenJ] \ aEMfV'J / ^\^=J /> S/T\ C J ^M?nf ms*- -■ir«fcs,'»r^v /, Heckhuscheid^ v ^ \ W L FRANKFURT^ ar if Woinii ftJ // (( , *. feX^-8'n,/ /f' ,s,e'n " ' ^M\ -ihOfr^'V9 / r,,‘"«//r' -JfJ.SAARLAUTERN i\ \ ^^AV'^Sa'aRBRUCKEN _,<^ -•METZ? ^ g...JJ// r I’m ami 1 S. ''iWs? uhe ^ _FRANCE ^ iL»u’»'b«u,9 II jj in if / STRASBOURG Arrows in the shaded area of this map indicate attacks in a German counter-offensive on the West ern front which is regarded as a major operation. The Allied command did not reveal the extent of Ger man gains. To the south, the American Third Army improved its position at Dilligen, and advanced north of Walsheim. Meanwhile, the American Seventh Army troops took Kapsweyer. (AP wirephoto map) WITH THE AEF Dead And Buried---But Clean By KENNETH L. DIXON IN GERMANY, Dec. 11. (Delay ed)—UFi—They buried him in the little military cemetery not far from here. He didn’t want to die overseas and he didn’t want to be buried anywhere except in his little Midwestern home town when the natural time came for him to die. But otherwise — conditions be ing what they are — he probably would be pleased with the way things were handled. His fatal w'ounds cleansed ai carefully as though he still were alive, his body washed and clad in a fresh uniform, he was buried in a clean quiet manner fitting the clean, peace-loving youngster he was. And because it is, of nec essity, unusual to the combat zone, maybe it should be told. Call him Bill. Call h i s friend Joe. They were medical aid men who had been at war more than two years, yet still were apart from it. They took more chances than any warrior in their outfit, 1 neither ever fired a shot in anger. Constant companions, they were almost legendary for their quiet heroism. Back in camp in the States some three years ago they had been kidded, called pill push ers and razzed by soldiers as non combatants — but that was three years ago. Nobody who’s been in combat ever razzes frontline med ics. During a house to house fight in a small town, word came back I that there was a wounded man in | side a building a short distance away. The message also said the building was mined and booby i trapped so thickly it was almost impossible to step inside it. They ’ said for the medic to wait until ; an engineer could go with him— 1 or somebody who knew how to j smell out traps and take care of them. i But anybody who knew Bill ; would have known his reaction, j There was a man wounded in there, therefore no time to wait. He didn’t come back. Joe asked | where he had gone. They told lynj i and repeated the warnings, but he had a double reason to go. The wounded man was dead when Joe got inside. So was Bill. Despite tt'e boot-- tra>■«. Joe tick ed up Bill and carried him back. Nobody said anything when he brought Bill b^cK. Tnere wasn t anything to say. Quietly, efficiently, as though Bill were still ai ve, Joe oe. n iO cleanse his wounds. Sadly, soldiers looked at the little tableau. No body tapped his forehead or did anything to indicate a belief that Joe had blown his top. But that’s what they thought. Joe’s commanding officer went up to him and suggested gently it was too iate to uo arv s^ou. Joe looked up, puzzled. Then in, a moment he understood. "It’s all right, sir,” he said. “I am all right. It is just that he was a clean kid. He lived that way and he never stayed dirty if there The Literary Guidepost BY JOHN' SELBY “Perils in Provence, and Other Ticklish Places,’’ by Theodore Pratt (Duell, Sloan — Preace; $2). Theodore Pratt’s France is the one we used to know between wars, the France that was sliding down hill so fast that even the friction of the slide was temporarily unfelt. He writes about it in a book called somewhat awkwardly, "rents m Provence, and Other Ticklish Pla ces.” Mr. Pratt’s book has the disad vantage of being a collection of short pieces, many of them first published in the New Yorker and therefore very muc'n patterned. But this disadvantage is compen sated by something inside Mr. Pratt, which is his refusal to be swamped by whatever pattern his editor of the moment may favor. Mr. Pratt is out to write about his and his wife’s adventures in nu merous familiar places in such a way that a good portrait of the Pratt family emerges. This he does, leaving the editorial mind to its inevitable tizzies. The Pratts took a house, years before the war, in Caghes-sur Mer. This is a town just west of Nice and very little back of the shore, a charming little town that sits on a charming little hill and plays host to a somewhat less hectic crew of foreigners than in fest Antibes, for example, or Monte Carlo. By some peculiar change, Americans who want to talk about Cagnes are always un able to make their friends believe it is not Cannes—and two towns more unlike than Cannes and Cagnes ccnnot be ima m?a. The Pratts had difficulty with their landlord, as all Riviera vis itors do. They had an uninvited Russian guest who stayed for a long time, and then surprised them by actually getting the money he claimed he was waiting for. This is not uncommon, either, in a land where real or phony titled people were ready to trade their charm for food Qr liquor at the drop of a cocktail napkin. Mr. Pratt was forever in Dutch with the Cagnes police, and It is almost impossible for an American not to forget at least one of their reg ulations. And finally, in Italy or Spain or Westchester Coirnty, N. Y., the Pratts found life not too different, and people quite the i same. It may be the Pratts who! are interesting, not the Riviera after all. : was any way to get clean, and he's not going to be buried dirty.”' Then he returned to his work. He brought w:ater ana gave Bill a bath. It wasn't necessary to shave him because he had shaved that; morning. Somehow Joe managed to scrounge a clean pair of OD pants and a shirt. They might not have fit just right, but they were clean. That w;as the important thing. Perhaps it is horrible that it, should have been such a wonder ful thing. But it was. Maybe it; is even more horrible that every body understood — that nobody! though Joe w-as off his rocker any-: more. They remembered Bill's ha-[ tred of filth and they understood, as only men who have seen other; men live, die and be buried un clean for two years could under stand. There is something sickeningly indecent about the mass unimpor tance of the dead in combat. In general this is unavoidable. But; Joe made it different for Bill. Freshly scrubbed behind the ears,; he wyent to his foreign grave with| his face as clean as his hands. -V Daily Prayer FOR COMFORTING SPIRITS From overseas comes tidings of heroes who are lonely and home sick, and weighed down by the fear that they are neglected orj forgotten. O God. give us grace to, be constant comforters of those best sons of our Country. May our pens be tireless and skillful in writing to them. May we share our blood with them, and pour out, sacrificially, of our money. Day and night may our prayers ascend to Thee in their behalf; for Thou carest, even when we forget. Stir up our minds to devise new meth ods of reassuring our fighting men of our faith in them and of our love for them. May no word of complaint steal into our correspon dence; but may every letter be a bringer of cheer and fortitude. Make us comforters for the Christ whose Cause we serve. Amen. W.T.E. RATE HEARING SET FCC To Probe Increase In Charges By Wireless Firm WASHINGTON, Dec. 19. — (JP) The Federal Communicatidns Com mission today ordered a hearing on proposed increased charges by Press Wireless, Inc., and Western Union Telegraph Co. for press and government messages between France and the United States, The commission ordered the in creases suspended for three months pending the hearing. Interpreting TheWar BY KIRKE L. SIMPSON 1 Assoc,ated press War Ana There are heartening ntirns'v that the German counter-attac - * S the American First Arm- ft 00 ready has faded of its' indicate, main purpose. ,ed Despite the growing Gem threat to the rigt. First Am ™,1* ments on the left flank official are reported across the Roer a‘I m the outskirts of Duren WC guards the road to Cologne Th obvious tactical basis of the XV counter move was to try t0 to 8 diversion of American troops fro' the Roer sector and possible ai, to compel a shifting of Third Arm reserves northward from t'-e W. area to elp the Pirn A ", rades stem the German attack, ’ While the scene and nature of dispositions to meet the counter, attack are not revealed, intensive efforts to stabilize the front' ar, reported. It is obviously being do-, however, without prejudice as vet to the Allied offensives alon^ Roer or in the Saar Basin sector That the Germans are pavin, heavily for ground gained is indk putable. Massed Allied air pove' has been thrown in despite bad weather. A ci l cto sir zi1 k l_i / -- wvon cuuia convert the counter-attack into a death trap for much of the heavy forces committed to it from scanty Ifazi reserves in the west. The ter. rain through which it has moved forbids blitz operations on any es. tensive scale and grows worse' ahead. It seems all but impossible that the Germans can hope to break through deeply enough in any direction to do more than disa<-. range Allied attack schedules' in their main assualt centers. Their communications with the rear in the Malmedy-Stavelot area arenec cessarily grooves to narrow east west valleys and subject to utter disruption by air in visual bomb ing weather. Assuming that General Eisenhov. er has available reserves to seal olf the ruptures in tne First Army front once they are brought up, it is by no means certain that he might not prefer to draw the ene my doeper into the rugged and for ested terrain ahead in Belgium be fore closing with him. A substantial part of the Ger man army in the west now is out of its fortifications and pill-boxes, fighting in the open. The whole course of the war in Western Eu rope could be drastically altered, the end of the struggle be brought substantially closer if that attack ' ing force could be trapped ami 1 destroyed. ! To avert that danger the Ger man attack base appears to ce some 60 miles wide, air line, as against an indicated penetration on its northern sector of 20 miles from the jump-off. That makes it difficult to organize quickly flank ing drives at the base of the main attack salient itself which probably is much narrower. : It is safe to say, however, that General Eisenhower and his stall i are fully alive to any oppunum.y to deal the main German arm-' in the west a crushing blow. :That they would gladly throw over board their previous projects to seize the chance to come to decisive grips in the open with the foe goes without saying. ---—-V CANADIAN BACKS PRESS FREEDOM TORONTO, Dec. 19.- -Glen Bannerman, president of the Ca nadian Association of Eroacastc-rs, in an interview today said that in order to make any worldwide agreement among the nations guaranteeing freedom of reporting and exchange of news “it would appear essential that this freedom be recognized constititionally hy Canada, guaranteeing to news ser vices, the press and radio broa: casting alike the right to report incidents and events as they hap pen.’’ Bannerman said he was "very much in accord with the views on news freedom expressed in 1 national broadcast Sunday n.go by Senator W. A. Buchanan, president of T h e Canadian Press and editor of the Lethbridge Her aid. Bannerman sard he hoped tn government of Canada, m cc."j tation with the press, news serv ices and radio broadcasters, wotii see fit “to enact at an early ca the necessary legislation to »-sjr these freedoms.” Such action “would lpave doubt in the minds of other tries” where Canada stand:, o ^ ternational agreements com freedom of news.” Los Angeles Police Protest Relocation Of West Coast JaPs LOS ANGELES. Dec. 19. The Los Angeles Police bon sion today adopted by a •> ,,e vote a resolution protesun* ■ return of the .Tap; nese „;3> ernment relocation cen'.e. s. ^ oV. ing housing raeilities irej ertaxed and that the pol> already undermanned, it impossible to deal. ■ . riots incident to feed; Japan as an enemy oahoii. (,r( The resolution added te. (y West Coast is likely t0 s,.et center of war activity i''-1* . other parts of the coon-. has been restored to a peace... is. In Guatemalan each conta-,^ has its own distinctive color.