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Fail and continued cold today with __ ugliest temperature about 38 degrees. DP 1 11* HARRuR Moderate northwest winds. * Mfllll* Yesterday’s temperatures: _ ___ _ _ _ _ - Hg„ 37 Low, 36 AND BATAAN ____WILMINGTON, N. C., SATURDAY, DECEMBER 23, 1944___FINAL EDITION_ Nazis’ Winter Drive Spends Much Of Force; Eisenhower Orders Destruction Of Germans; Foe Announces ^iige Russian Drive In Latvia Winter Push Is Imminent, Berlin Says 270,000 Red Troops Thrown Against North ern Sector LONDON, Dec. 22.—(/P)— The Germans announced that a Russian force of 270,000 men had lashed out suddenly in Latvia in a new offensive aimed at crushing 30 Nazi di visions pinned against the Baltic Sea, and also said a grand Red Army winter of fensive was imminent on the snovsvept Eastern Front. The northern strike was launched Thursday at the same time that Marshal Feodor I. Tolbukhin's Third Ukraine Army in western Hungry began a new drive south west olvludapest in a double effort to surround the Hungarian capital and crack open a direct invasion route to Vienna. Russian troops already have stab bed to within two miles of Szekes fehervar. big bastion 32 miles southwest of Budapest and 115 miles southeast of Vienna. Berlin said. This would represent a four mile advance from Soviet positions two. weeks ago. Berlin also told of Soviet gains northwest of Sahy (Ipolysag), 34 miles northwest of Budapest, where Marshal Rodion Y. Malinovsky’s Second Ukraine Army is threaten ing to break cut into the Bratis lava plain at a point within 85 miles of the Slovak capital and 115 miles due east of Vienna. The two Red Army operations, not yet confirmed by Moscow, formed a great pincers aimed at taking Budapest from the rear and shattering intermediate Ger man formations on both sides of the Danube between the Hungarian capital and the Austrian frontier. Far to the northeast of Budapest, other units of Malinovsky’s army were converging on the big Slovak rail centers of Ksssa and Losonc, and were cleaning out the last German formations clinging to the (Continued on Page Three; Col. 8) -V NEW RED DRIVES MAY TAKE WEEKS TO HELP ALLIES WASHINGTON, Dec. 22.—— It may be weeks or months before the promised Russian grand of fensive produces any effect on the Western Front, military men said today. In their opinion, the German High Command has “budgeted” its men and materials for each of its fronts—the Western, Eastern and Italian—and would not shift troops until a “critical stage has been reached.” Assuming that the projected Eussian offensive on the Eastern Front succeeds in breaking through the Nazi’s line this “critical slaoe might be reached when the Russian forces roll up to the border of Germany proper. lithe Soviet armies strike from the Vistula river ir. Poland, they "ould have to advance westward •imost 200 miles before hitting the German border. Even then, it was said, the Ger ®an High Command might hesi tote to shift forces from the Wes tern Front — assuming that the Western Front by that time is not even more menacing than the Eastern. « It was pointed out that although troops had crossed the German “order at some points in the west, joere lS nothing to indicate that ■'e German command has pulled sn3’ forces from the east, even 0r tne big counteroffensive now Under way. Speculation on the area of the k°viet offensive centers largely on the Vistula front, where the “>oad Polish plains offer favor Jt)1« ground for use of large mass °f Russian cavalry and mech 4nized equipment. The Germans apparently have 'Hablished strong defenses along he Vistula. Behind it, east _ of Lcdz> is a north-south line of high Sround 0n which secondary de *"'St msv have been anchored. President Asks U. '£ To Raise Production Public Can Best Help Yanks At Christmas By Remaining On Job, Rooosevelt Tells Press Conference WASHINGTON, Dec. 20.—UP)— President Roosevelt asked the American people today for a Christmas present for the fight ing forces. It is to stick on the job and turn out the supplies they need. The President told a news con ference there was nothing he could add to the press dispatches on the enemy fighting in Europe but that a lot of people had asked tym what those at home could do for the fighting forces at this Christ mas time. He picked up a paper from his desk and read: “We can best help the Christ mas season of our fighting men if we carry on our respective tasks, doing those things which will contribute to winning the war at the earliest possible mo ment. “Therefore, I urge that each of us resolve to keep on fne job and maintain the steady output of supplies needed by our men on the fighting fronts.” The conference developed an other lengthy discussion of the Atlantic Charter which the Pres ident disclosed earlier this week was never drafted as a formal document which he and Prime Minister Churchill signed. Today’s was initiated by a re porter’s request for comment on what he said was a feeling by many people that “we are getting away from the purposes” of the Charter. Mr. Rosevelt said he thought “the objectives of the Atlantic Charter are as valid as when they were announced in 1941” and lent emphasis to this statement by authorizing its direct quotation. He went on to say that many documents through the years have affected public thinking and help ed the world advance even when their objectives were not fully attained. People don’t live up to all the Ten Commandments and the teach ings of Christianity, he remarked, but they are good things. He was (Continued on Page Two; Col. 7) SHIPBUILDING WILL CONTINUE First Half Of New Year To See Many Merchant Vessels WASHINGTON, Dec. 22. — (/P) — Construction of merchant type ships will continue at the present high level during the first half of 1945. Disclosing this today, a spokes man for the Maritime Commission said consideration is now being given to the size of the shipbuilding program for the fiscal year be ginning July 1. The White House, the joint Chiefs of Staff, the Maritime Commission, and the Budget Bureau are partici pating in conferences on the pro gram for the next fiscal year. Recommendations of the joint Chiefs of Staff on the needs for new construction are expected to be the determining factor in deciding the construction schedule after Ju ly 1 The program for the first half of the year already is under con tract, and will hot be changed ma terially as a result of Germany’s counteroffensive or other military factors, it was said. ' Merchant shipyards now are turning out vessels at a rate of approximately 18,000,000 dead weight tons annually, although pro duction in the current calendar year may fall somewhat below this figure. Failure of the shipyards to meet last year’s record of more (Continued on Page Two; Col. 5) -Y Harry Langdon, Veteran Movie Comic Who Made $7,500 Keekly, U Dead HOLLYWOOD. Dec. 22. — (JP) — He had fat iowls and wide eyes that gave him a bewildered look; and an odd little mannerism with his hands that spelled helplessness. They added up to a funny, human character for which the movies once paid Harry Langdon. $7,500 a week. Harry died today, a few months past 60 years, afier a short illness. A cerebral hemmorhage was :he cause of his death. Friends said that when he was making a two reel comedy early last month, he appeared in excel lent health and 10 years younger than he actually was. He started in two-reelers and ended in them. Between, he had great success and failures and the tribulations that come with mar riages and divorces and too mucn money'. Harry’s best pictures were "Tramp, Tramp, Tramp,” (Joan Crawford was his leading lady), “The Strong Man.” both made in 1926, and “Long' Pants,” in 1927. He created a cinematic sensation in the latter by having his heroine play a blind girl. CARRIERS STAGE ANNUAL DINNER 120 Star-News Boys Hear Talks By Dosher And Freed The Wilmington Star-News play ed host last night to its carriers at a Christmas banquet held at 8:30 in the Friendly restaurant. News boys of all snapes and sizes, 120 strong, donned paper party hats, warbled Christmas carols and ate in a manner which by a mild understatement could be described as hearty. J. Walter Webb, Star-News busi ness manager, functioned as mas ter of ceremonies in the absence of R B. Page, publisher confined to his home by illness. Between snacks, the carriers heard brief talks by Wilbur Dosh er, postmaster, who called their duty a key factor in the success of any newspaper and th^ Rev. Walter Freed, who recalled the traditional place of newspaper-carriers as first step in the ladder of many successful Americans. In tribute to the late Sam Tyler, a Star-News carrier who digji at sea when a merchant vessel was sunk in 1942, the newsboys stood in brief silence. Mr. Webb re minded the youthful aggregation that nearly 30 former carriers now are on active duty with the armed services. British Plan New Draft Of 250,000 Men All Services To Be Combed For Replacement Personnel LONDON, Dec. 22.—(A5)— Britain tonight ordered a new draft, plus transfers from the RAF and the Navy and a stricter comb-out of its “desk soldiers,” to raise quickly 250,000 more men for its armies. The new call-up, which is in ad dition to the regular conscription schedule, was announced by Prime Minister Churchill’s office as the Berlin radio said Gen. Eisenhower was drawing reinforcements from the British army group to help the Americans check the German Wes tern Front counteroffensive. An official announcement said the move was being made “in or der to sustain and nourish our ar mies in the line” in the “coming months. The bulk of the new men will be obtained by a new draft of civil ians, the announcement said, but it added that extra soldiers also would be gained by tr&Jt&fers to the army from the navy and the RAF and by combing the adminis trative services and “static forms of defense” for still more. It was assumed that the RAF’s defensive forces could spare men now since beating the German air force and the robot attacks, and that others would come from ground defenses. Spokesmen would not say what the Navy could spare, but its tasks in European waters are known to have been iigntened by decimation of the Nazi surface fleet and by progress of the Battle of the At lantic. When asked whether the new call-up was a direct result of this week’s Western Front reverses a military spokesman said it was a “matter of considered government policy’’ rather than an emergency measure. * The spokesman later added: “To night’s announcement is regarded by the government as an important statement eloquent of Britain’s res olution in the prosecution of the war.” The civilian call-up will be the first big task for the new Director General of Manpower, H. C. Emer son, whose appointment was an nounced earlier tonight. The post had been vacant about a month since the appointment of Sir God frey Ince as permanent secretary to the Ministry of Labor and Na tional Service. Yanks Foiled Enemy Push, Leader Says Germans Charged With Us ing Every Treachery In Drive SUPREME HEADQUAR TERS ALLIED EXPEDI TIONARY FORCE, PARIS, Dec. 22.—</P)—Gallantly re sisting American troops al ready have done much to foil the Germans’ “great gamble” in Belgium and Luxembourg, Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower declared today in a fighting exhortation to his Allied arm ies to “destroy the enemy on the ground, in the air, every where — but destroy him.” In his first order of the day since the Nazis blasted through the First Army’s lines last weekend, the Allied commander-in-chief told his men that “the enemy may give us a chance to turn his great gamble into his worst defeat.” He charged the Germans with using “every treacherous trick to deceive and kill you,” and called upon every Allied soldier to “rise now to new heights of courage, of resolution and of effort.” The Allies, he declared, could not be content merely with repulsing the Nazi onslaught, but must crush the enemy. Following is the text of the or der: “Ine enemy is making his su preme effort to break out of the desperate plight into which you forced him by your brilliant vic tories of the summer and fall. “He is fighting savagely to take back all that you have won and is using every treacherous trick to deceive and kill you. He is gam bling everything, but already in this battle your gallantry has done much to foil his plans. In the face of your proven bravery and for titude, he will completely fail. “But we cannot be content with his mere repulse. “By rushing out from his fixed defenses the enemy may give us the chance to turn his great gam ble into his worst defeat. “So I call upon every man of all the Allies to rise now to new heights of courage, of resolution and of effort. Let everyone hold (Continued on Page Three; Col. 7) -V General Of The Army Insignia To Be Five Stars Set In Circle WASHINGTON, Dec. 22. — (A*) — The five-star insignia of the new ly created rank of General of the Army is arranged in a circle. A War Department announce ment today described the insignia as follows: “Five silver five-pointed stars, each star three eighths of an inch in diameter, fastened together in a circle, the inner points touching. The surface of the stars to be plain, raised, and grounded.” Snow Creeps Up On U. S. First Army In addition to fighting the great German counter-ottensive, me u. S. First Army has also to deal with Old Man snow. Here a group of American infantrymen take cover in a snow-filled ditch against enemy artillery barrage. U. S. Signal Corpst photo. (International soundphoto) PALO IN UNDER YA ARTILLERY Americans Continue Min doro Drive Without Opposition GENERAL MACARTHUR’S HEADQUARTERS, Philip pines. Saturday, Dec. 23.—(#)—The U. S. 77th Infantry Division has advanced three miles west of the Ormoc corridor on the mountain road toward Palompon, escape port for the embattled Japanese remaining on Leyte Island, Gen eral MacArthur announced today. Palompon, which is on the west ern coast of the northwest shoul der of the island, is under Yank artillery fire. Japanese remnants fleeing from the corridor are try ing to cut their way through to Palompon. Mopping up continues in other areas near the corridor, where the door has been slammed shut on the Nipponese after destruction of their defense lines. Another 1,546 enemy dead were counted on Thursday, headquar ters said. The enemy airforce continued its raids on American ground po sitions on Mindoro, far to the northwest of Leyte, and iost sev en planes. Two American fighters were lost in intercepting the at tack. Enemy ground opposition still had failed to develop on Min doro. Nipponese aerial activity has in creased sharply since completion of airfields on Mindoro, which is within 30 minutes flight of Manila, on Luzon to the north. (Continued on Page Three; Col. 6) JAPS BELIEVED FLEEING BURMA Enemy May Fall Back For Stand In Mandalay Sector CALCUTTA, Dec. 22.—UR—As U S. 10th Air Force pilots wreckec further enemy bridges, frontlin* dispatches indicated today that thf Japanese had decided to give uj northwest Burma and fall back tc a defense line around Mandalay Field reports offered mounting evidence that the enemy was ir general retreat from the town o: Indaw in a quarter circlf south west to Gangaw, on the Myitths river. Only rearguard pockets ar< left for delaying action, said dis patches received here at head quarters of the Allied land force! of southeast Asia. In the northern combat area the “Burma Bridge Busters” — th< 490th Medium Bomb group have knocked out eight more Japanese bridges, five of them railraoc spans. Other formations of Ameri can planes streaked over the wild 450-mile jungle stretch betweer Lashio and Moulmein, plasterin; Japanese troops, vehicles, supplies and defense works almost withou opposition. P-47 pilots also accounted for e railroad bridge, and several ferrj landings were left burning fiercelj after raids on Japanese communi cations along the Irrawaddy rivei north of Mandalay. In the ground fighting, BritisI 14th Army troops have struct south from the captured town o: Wuntho on the Myitkyina-Manda (Continued on Page Three; Col. 5) Push Rolls Up 10 Miles From French Border Fierce Attack By Patton Succeeds In Checking Germans PARIS, DEC. 22.— (AP) — The violent German winter offensive spent much of its force today after pounding 40 miles across Belgium in seven days, bursting through Lux embourg and rolling up near Arlon, only 10 miles from the French border 40 miles east of Sedan. (Late German broadcasts said that a “fierce” attack from the south by Lt. Gen. George S. Patton’s Third Ar my today “succeeded in slow ing” the advance and that the brunt of the fighting had shifted to the flanks.) Field dispatches reporting that the enemy advance had slowed down, said, however, the Germans were believed massing armor for renewed blows and Gen. Eisen. hower called on Allied armies to turn the whole “great gamble” into the enemy’s "worst defeat.” The Germans were hurt in a bloody battle of attrition which cost them more than 200 tanks in five days of battering around Malmedv on the north flank along the routes to the great port of Antwerp and the Belgian capital of Brussels. Supreme headquarters and field dispatches gave this picture of the sweep of the German drive i from Tuesday noon — when the , Germans were 32 miles inside Belgium — to Wednesday noon, keeping events of the last 48 hours 1 under a security blackout: The most powerful wedge of Field Marshal von Rundstedt’s of fensive slashed through Luxem ' bourg and by late Wednesday had cut major roads north, south and east of the key road center of Bastogne, inside Belgium four - miles west of Luxembourg’s bor der. This force then lanced on 13 miles northwest across the Ourthe river to La Roche, 32 miles inside : Belgium and about 15 miles south of the northern flank west of i Stavelot. Heavy fighting raged at La Roche. German armor which by-passed Bastogne headed on west for an undisclosed distance. In the break through Luxem bourg, an American force was en : circled at Wiltz, in the northern part of the Duchy nine miles east of Bastogne. The Americans still - held out inside the town. The Ger (Continued on Page Three; 6oI. 4) WEATHER GROUNDS ALLIED BOMBERS; RAF GETS ALOFT LONDON, Dec. 22. — UP) _ Darkness swallowed up American bomber and fighter bases in Bri tain for the third straight night tonight without a report of a raid against Germany, and it appeared that the 72 hours of tailor-made campaigning weather for the Na zis was stretching into another cycle. A break in the skies permitted the RAF to caTy out more than 100 sorties over the northern sec tor to aid American troops by blasting German gun positions and ground troops. But American bas es were closed in. Even the U.S. 15th Air Force in Italy was ground ed today following seven success ful daylight raids on Nazi tar gets in southern Germany, Aus tria and Czechoslovakia, British bombers set fire to a large synthetic oil plant at Politz, 85 miles northeast of Berlin, last night following three assaults on German cities which are used as supply bases for Field Marshal von Rundstedt’s counter-offensive Trier was attacked in dense fog late yesterday afternoon. Soon af ter dark, Halifaxes and Lancasters struck at Cologne and Bonn. From four missions three bombers are missing Severe Cold Wave Hits Northern Half Of U. S. By The Associated Press The second phase of a cold wave which in two days covered most of the northern half of the Nation oast of the Rocky Mountains hit the Dakotas and northern Minne sota last night. The north central Border States area was the coldest in the Nation Thursday, with a minimum of 25 below zero. Yesterday it had some relief while the east, particularly Pennsylvania, was benumbed with readings as low as 34 below zero. But last night the mercury plunged again to substantially be low zero levels in the Minnesota Dakota area. The Chicago Weather Bureau said the new onslaught from Can ada again would spread east and south but would be somewhat less intense than the Thursday-Friday phase of the season’s coldest weather. A snowstorm in Montana con tinued. the second in a week there, and forecasters said the snow would spread into northern Utah, Idaho and Wyoming, to be follow ed by clear, cold weather in Mon tana. There were 15 inches on the ground at Helena, Mont., motor ists were warned of drifts, and some airline travel was halted be cause of snow-buried airfields. Northeastern States took most of the dubious honors for low tem peratures yesterday. Pennsylvania had particularly bitter weather, with 34 below at Morrison Run, 26 below at Kane. Numbed work ers dug at snow which began fall ing 12 days ago and to which 29 deaths were attributed. Many rur al Pennsylvania roads were block ed. It was 24 below in upper New York State, 3 to 17 below in MairX. New Hampshire and Vermont, 7 above to 9 below in Massachusetts and Connecticut, and 5 below in rural New Jersey areas where snow and ice made the roads slippery. Minimums in Ohio from 20 be low at Youngstown to 3 above at Cincinnati gave that State its cold est December 22 in history. Four inches of snow and an ice glaze blocked southeastern Kentucky traffic. Nashville, Tenn.. had three inches of snow. Louisville, Ky., ex perienced a minimum of 16 above zero. Subzero readings were common in the Great Lakes region and northern Illinois and Indiana. Chi cago had 2 below for the coldest of the season. EL AS Reported Forwarding Peace Plan To Scobie As New Civil Strife Rises ATHENS, Dec. 22—(ff)—'The Left Wing ELAS were reported tonight to be forwarding a new three-point peace proposal to Lt. Gen. R. M. Scobie, Britisn commander in Greece, but the atmosphere in Athens remained tense as Gen. Napoleon Vervas, chieftain of the Rightist Edes, charged that be tween 15,000 and 20,000 ELAS were invading his territory in Epirus. The new ELAS truce proposal was unoffcially understood to agree to Scobie's terms, including dis armament and withdrawal of EL AS forces from Athens and all At tica, providing there would be a simultaneous fotmation of a new government. It was understood that the I^wAS w'ould propose to disarm to an Ang lo-Greek commission, rather than to the British forces with whom they have been engaged in bloody fighting. The dispatching of the new ELAS note was reported after hope vir tually had been abandoned for set tlement of the gra.e political dis ;tite before Christmas. It remained uncertain whether the British and the Greek govern ment would accept the new propo sals as the basis for negotiations. Scobie previously had demanded that the ELAS lay down thfir arms as a prerequisite to further negotia tions—a demand the ELAS reject ed. General Vervas reported to the British that a large body of ELAS already had overrun eight villages in his territory, from which they ejected all Edes supporters, and that they now were massing on Dhriwps ridge overlooking his headquarters town of Yanina. British liaison officers are known to have been with Vervas’ forces, but there was no indication the British had supplied the Rightist guerrillas with military equipment. Continued Erit'.sh attacks with tanks and rocket-firing Beaufigh ters appeared to be liquidating ELAS opposition in southern Ath ens and the nearby port of Piraeus Following up his declared intention of swiftly cleaning up ELAS re sistance, Scobie sent landing forces across the main harbor in western Piraeus in assault boats today. The Ton«aies effected a land ing, but ran into stiff resistance from ELAS machineguns and mor tars in warenouses and industrial buildings. ELAS forces appeared to be pull ing out of the southern suburbs of Athens, where their communica tions lines were endangered, and regrouping to the north and north west. British Sherman tanks in the foothills of Mt. Likabettus shelled these ELAS concentrations, while rocket-firing Beaufighters blasted ELAS-held Averoff prison, demo lishing its main block •%.