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Today and Tomorrow
—- B* WALTER LIPPMANN ---- The Collapse ot a Policy The influence of the United Stales in shaping the European settlement has undoubtedly had a severe set-back. But this was to be expected, for our official pol icy has been to insist that no vital question be settled until some time j„ the dim fut-ire—when the fight jno ill have ceased, when the jrtfllj.-its of prisoners and displaced persons will have returned to their homes when elections and plebi sc;tes can be held. Tins policy has now collapsed because it was impossible to con duct the war or to pacify Europe bv not settling the frontiers of lib erated countries, the authority of their provisional governments, or thcr relations with their neighbors and to Germany. But because the official policy was not altered, and therefore collapsed under .the im pact of events, our relations with our Allies have been strained, and this has brought about much mor al confusion here at home, and immense encouragment to our en emies. * * * The controlling principle of our European policy, as it was defined early in the war by Mr. Roosevelt. Mr. Hull and Mr. Welles, was to postpone indefinitely the settle ment of all vital issues. Where there was a disputed frontier, they faid that the issue must remain open and undecided until the in habitants could be consulted and had made a free choice. When would that be? At best, and if ever, long after the armistice. This meant that as the Allied .armies moved into Europe, they were not to know whether they were liber ating their own territory or occu pying some one elses. The inhabi tants were not to know in whose country they were living. This de vastating uncertainty put atop premium on every kind of intrigue and agitation within the disputed area, and upon intervention from tne outside, against that distant day when the Allies were going to sit around a green table and dispense justice and democracy. It is difficult to understand how the State Department came be be lieve that issues of this sort could be put indefinitely in cold storage. It must be because none of the men who laid down this policy had had diplomatic experience in the last war. or had made a serious study of what happened during the Peace Conference of 1919 when there had been no firm settlement before the armistice of the Italian and the Polish frontiers. * A * Not only did they try to put territorial disputes in cold storage, they even took the position that the provisional governments of liberated countries should remain unsettled until elections could be held. But first there has- to be a government in order to hold an election. Yet they did not wish to deal with governments that had not been elected. The result has been that they find themselves having no relations, or very cool relations, with the provisional gov ernments that are actually in pow er in Europe. We must not com plain if our influence upon them is not very great: effective di plomacy cannot be conducted by telling the world what you do not approve of. Finally, they have taen the po sition or to be mcf-e accurate, they have allowed the American public to think it was our position, that the European powers should s'ake their whole security upon the Dumbarton Oaks proposals. Our Allies were to renounce strategic frontiers and pacts of mutual as sistance, and to rely wholly for their defence against a renewal of German aggression upon the trea ty, which is not yet drafted, that the Senate is, going eventually to ratify. Moreover, they were told by many Senators and many pub licists, that if they did not wait for the Senate, if they took con crete measures for -their own de fence, this would be interpreted here as “power politics,’ as “spheres of influence” and as gen eral disloyalty to the ideals of the United Nations. The penalty, they were told, would be that the Sen ate might not ratify, or would at least emasculate, the Dumbarton Oaks treaty. * lie It was not possible (and if we were in their place, we should see it is not possible) for nations like France and Russia, which have twice in twenty-five years been ov errun by Germany, and for Great Britain which has twice been in mortal peril, to trust their future to our official policy of leaving everything that matters most to them unsettled, and hanging upon the uncertainties of Ameri can politics. As long as the Ger mans occupied most of Europe, and even a large part of the Soviet Union, it was still possi Die—though extremely unwise and dangerous —to postpone the settlement of frontiers, decisions on provisional governments, and of the mutual relationships of the countries which are strategically nearest to Germany. But as soon as the Ger mans were driven out of western Europe, out of the Mediterranean, the Balans and eastern Europe, our policy of noble negatives and indefinite postponement became utterly unworkable. Issues had to be settled. They could not be left any longer in suspense. The fact that we did not wish to settle them—be it because any settlement would conflict with our theories, or because we did not like to handle hot potatoes meant only that the issues would somehow be settled anyway and without benefit of whatever wis dom we might have contributed. * * * The fact of the matter is that the main structure of a European settlement has now taken shape. It will be, as it was bound to be an organization of Europe speci fically directed to preventing a re newal of German aggression in the coming generation. This is the intent and substance of the Fran co-Soviet pact. It is a firm agree ment for at least twenty years by the t w o strongest immediate neighbors of Germany. The con clusion of this agreement will be followed soon by an agreement be tween Great Britain and France, by. a-settlemerrtrof the Polish- ques tion, and by the adherence of Bel gium and the Netherlands, of Po land and Czechoslovakia, to this system of security. Far from deploring this develop ment, we should regard it as promising the fulfillment of o u r chief war aim in Europe, and as putting a solid foundation under the Dumbarton Oas proposals. That Europe should be strongly organized to contain German ag gression is precisely what we most want. It is the one best way of not having to intervene again, as we had to this time, after our Allies in western Europe were de feated or exhausted. It is the only way in which we can achieve our aim of disarming Germany for a generation without assuming the “How many more payments, dear, before we can sell the house with a STAR-NEWS Want Ad.” Obituaries W. M. EUBANK Funeral services for W. M. Eu bank, who died Thursday morn ing at his home in Scotts Hill, were conducted at the residence at 3 p. m. yesterday by the Rev. A. S. Parker, the Rev. J. C. Whed bee and the Rev. J. Carroll. Inter ment will be in the Scotts Hill cemetery. Mr. Eubank, a former distribu tor for' the Standard Oil Co. of New Jersey, is survived by his widow, Mrs. Josephine H. Eubank; four daughters, Mrs. Lemuel R. Harris, of Warrenton, Mrs. James Ivie, of Leaksville, Mrs. Milton Smith, of Swan Quarter, and Mrs. George B. Handall, of Baltimore, Md.; one son, W. M. Eubank, Jr., of Wilmington; one sister, Mrs. W. R. Bowers, of Bethel; three brothers, John W. Eubank, of Has sell, Guthrie Eubank, of Rich mond, Va.; and Melvin Eubank, of Wilmington, as well as twelve grandchildren. Honorary pallbearers are M. W. Divine, W. T. DeVane, C. H. Jew ell, R. G. White, and Charles A. Tate. JOHN W. REAVES John Williams Reaves, 68, died Friday morning at James Walker Memorial hospital. He was a na tive of Columbus county and own er of a farm near Nakina. He is survived by two sisters, Mrs. Penney Jones and Mrs. Ad die Ivery, of Nakina, four broth ers, J. H. Reaves, of Ayden, Joel W. Reaves, of Bladentboro, Maj. E. Reaves, of Bolton, Bill W. Reaves and Claude Reaves, of Nakina, and also several nieces and nephews. Funeral services will be con duced at 11:30 Saturday by the Rev. Bob Carter, at the graveside in the Reaves family cemetery. WILLIAM T BATTS WILLIAM T. Batts, 66, died yes terday at 3:40 p.m. in his home in Hampstead after a short illness. He is survived by his widow, Mrs. Mollie Batts, five daughters, Mrs. E. W Hudson and Mrs. Her man Walton, of Wilmington. Mrs. George Allen Shepard, Miss Mazie Batts and Miss Elizabeth' Batts, of Hampstead: four sons, Sgt. Woodie Batts, Pfc. Weymouth Batts, both of the U. S. Army, over seas, S 1-c Namon Batts, U. S. Navy, and Wayne Batts, of Hamp stead. Funeral services wall be conduct ed today at 4 p.m. in the Batt resi dence !ay the Rev, Paul Merrett. Interment will be in the family cemetery. Honorary pallbearers are Woodie Hall. Ed Carter, Ed Carter, Jr., Gray Justice, Dr. Bryant and E. N. Sidbury WEATHER (Eastern Standard Time) (By U. S. Weather Bureau) Meteorological data for the 24 hours ending 7:30 p.m., yesterday. Temperature 1:30 am, 44.0; 7:30 am, 38.0; 1:30 pm, 52.0; 7:30 pm, 40.0. Maximum 57; Minimum 36; Mean 48; Normal 48. Precipitation Total for the 24 hours ending 7:30 pm, O. 00 inches. Total since the first of the month, 2.66 inches. Tides For Today (From the Tide Tables Published by the U. S. Coast and Geodetic Survey* High Low Wilmington --- 4:02a 11:19a 4:32p 11:44p Masonboro Inlet _ 1:54a 8:10a 2:22p 8:41p Sunrise, 7:15 a.m.; Sunset, 5:08 p.m.; Moonrise, 1:08 p.m.; Moonset, 12:42 a.m -V Ann Miller, Little Brunet, Wins Tkalian Hall Tourney Ann Miller, attractive little bru net grappler. scored a rousing vic tory over Mae Young on the Tha lian Hall mat last night in two straight falls. Miss Young tried hard but was unable to meet the attack of the girl who was called in at a last minute to substitute for Nell Stew art. Yank In Pacific Plays Santa To 22 Children WAYNE, Pa. Dec. 22. — (ff)— From the South Pacific, S-Sgt. Wil liam Birmingham is playir, Santa Claus to 22 youngsters at home. “If you want to make me happy just do all this for me,” he wrote his mother asking her to buy pres ents from his Army pay savings. intolerable burden of maintaining a large American army of occupa tion in Europe. * * * Has any one who is wringing his hands and beating his breast about these developments any bet ter plan for winning the peace than one which enlists the prin cipal nations of Europe as the pri rr-ry guardians of German disar mament? Does any one want the European states not to organize for the guardianship of Germany, and to be unprepared and uncom mitted to deal swifly and effec tively with a revival of German militarism, and so to leave it to us—once again—to come in at the eleventh hour and pay the price we are now paying? Nazis’ Winter Drive Spends Much Of Force (Continued from Page One) mans had been reported nearing Wiltz Tuesday. A dispatch from Associated Press Correspondent Edward D. Ball, still covering the situation up to Wednesday, reported there was brisk fighting in the areas of Bastogne and Arlon, important Belgian city on the Allied supply route leading down from Antwerp through Liege and Bastogne, Spread of the fighting to Arlon broadened the front deep inside Belgium to some 50 miles. The situation was officially re ported stabilized on the southern flank Wednesday around Echter nuch, in eastern Luxembourg near the German border, and one front dispatch said the threat to the little Duchy’s capital seemed to have subsided. Advanced German forces were reported Tuesday to be about 14 miles northeast of the capital, and the push toward Arlon reported today put the Germans about 13 miles away on the west. All these developments were up to Wednesday noon. On the basis of today s up-to-the minute dispatches it appeared that the pace of the German ad vance westward also had been slowed, and that American lines were holding firm on both the north and south flanks. Front dispatches describing the Germans’ point of deepest pene tration as 40 miles and reporting the slow-down of the enemy offen sive apparently described the sit uation as it exists tonight. On the extreme north flank in the 1'.lanschau sector, some 16 miles southeast of Aachen, furious fighting flared over the muddy, snow-covered hills- and dispatches told of a massing of enemy strength in this area. Roving German detachments, sometimes powered by more than 30 tanks, still were spearing through soft spots into rear areas it ap com mand was pausing and gathering strength for renewed blows. Some of the heaviest fighting raged today on the northern flank east of Malmedy—along the route the Kaiser’s armies struck in 1914 —where for 24 hours the Germans banged without success against a Doughboy wall that refused to give an inch. Associated Press Correspondent Wes Gallagher said that this stub born defense was slowly breaking the back of the German offensive and that at least 200 enemy tanks had been knocked out in the last five days, with reports far from complete. The report that the enemy’s of fensive—which has brought the Al lies own winter drive to a halt— had lost a great deal of its force came from Bfitish-Canadian head quarters, which first reported yesterday that the push carried 32 miles inside Belgium up to Tuesday noon. The German communique tend ed to agree with this estimate in reporting that advanced elements had thrown several bridgeheads yesterday across the Ourthe river, seven to 12 miles beyond the Liege-Bastogne highway. This road was cut Tuesday at Werbo mont, 32 miles inside Belgium. It would be premature to say that von Rundstedt’s scheme had failed, if he hopes to sweep across the Meuse river, some 65 miles west of the Belfian border, as some quarters believe, Associated Press Correspondent Roger Greene reported from British-Canadian headquarters. > JAPS BELIEVED FLEEING BURMA (Continued from Page One) lay railroad and occupied Kawlin, a communique from southeast Asia command headquarters at Kandy, Ceylon, announced. Kawlin, eight miles south of Wuntho, was taken against slight Japanese opposition, the communique said. Near the west Burma coast, the town of Rathedaung, on the east bank of the Mayu river about 25 miles north of Akyab, was shelled by Royal and Indian naval units supporting the Arakan offensive. PALOMPON UNDER YANK ARTILLERY (Continued from Page One) Liberator bombers, possibly bas ed on Mindoro, splattered Panay, Negros, Ceu and Masate Island airdromes with 1,000-pound mis siles. MacArthur has reported 12,873 enemy dead found abandoned on Leyte is the last seven days. This average of 1,839 daily considera bly exceeded the estimate of 1,5V0 enemy casualties daily which he made in his December 15 report on casualties for the first 55 days of i fighting in the Leyte-Samar campaign. American warplanes based on Leyte shot down two Nipponese planes in the Leyte Gulf area. The new Yank bases on Min doro have accelerated the tempo of the aerial invasion of Luzon. Clark Field near Manila again was harassed by heavy bombers, the communique said, causing fires and explosions. It was the fourth consecutive day of attacks on Luzon. A hur.dred tons of bombs were dropped on airfields on Cebu and other Visayan Islands, severely cratering runways and destroying or damaging 13 Nipponese planes. Heavy raids also were made on airdromes at Davao and Zambo nga, to the south. -V New telephone equipment per mits a toll operator in one city to dial a subscriber’s phone in an other city without the assistance of an operator in the second city. YANKS FOILED NAZI PUSH, LEADER SAYS (Continued from Page One) before him a single thought — to destroy the enemy on the ground, in the air, everywhere — destroy him! “United in this determination and with unshakeable faith in the cause for which we fight, we will, with God’s help, go forward to our greatest victory. “Signed, “Dwight D. Eisenhower.” RED WINTER PUSH IS HELD IMMINENT (Continued from Page One) Hungarian mountains just below the Slovak frontier Berlin said a. crushing aerial bombardment opened the Latvian attack. It was followed by a 90 minute artillery barrage in which the Russians fired 170,000 shells into German dugouts. Then 27 So viet divisions sprang forward on a 22-mile front south and south west of Saldus road junction. 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