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The Wilmington morning star. [volume] (Wilmington, N.C.) 1909-1990, December 23, 1944, FINAL EDITION, Image 3

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Today and Tomorrow
—- B* WALTER LIPPMANN ----
The Collapse ot a Policy
The influence of the United
Stales in shaping the European
settlement has undoubtedly had a
severe set-back. But this was to
be expected, for our official pol
icy has been to insist that no vital
question be settled until some time
j„ the dim fut-ire—when the fight
jno ill have ceased, when the
jrtfllj.-its of prisoners and displaced
persons will have returned to their
homes when elections and plebi
sc;tes can be held.
Tins policy has now collapsed
because it was impossible to con
duct the war or to pacify Europe
bv not settling the frontiers of lib
erated countries, the authority of
their provisional governments, or
thcr relations with their neighbors
and to Germany. But because the
official policy was not altered, and
therefore collapsed under .the im
pact of events, our relations with
our Allies have been strained, and
this has brought about much mor
al confusion here at home, and
immense encouragment to our en
emies.
* * *
The controlling principle of our
European policy, as it was defined
early in the war by Mr. Roosevelt.
Mr. Hull and Mr. Welles, was to
postpone indefinitely the settle
ment of all vital issues. Where
there was a disputed frontier, they
faid that the issue must remain
open and undecided until the in
habitants could be consulted and
had made a free choice. When
would that be? At best, and if
ever, long after the armistice. This
meant that as the Allied .armies
moved into Europe, they were not
to know whether they were liber
ating their own territory or occu
pying some one elses. The inhabi
tants were not to know in whose
country they were living. This de
vastating uncertainty put atop
premium on every kind of intrigue
and agitation within the disputed
area, and upon intervention from
tne outside, against that distant
day when the Allies were going
to sit around a green table and
dispense justice and democracy.
It is difficult to understand how
the State Department came be be
lieve that issues of this sort could
be put indefinitely in cold storage.
It must be because none of the
men who laid down this policy had
had diplomatic experience in the
last war. or had made a serious
study of what happened during the
Peace Conference of 1919 when
there had been no firm settlement
before the armistice of the Italian
and the Polish frontiers.
* A *
Not only did they try to put
territorial disputes in cold storage,
they even took the position that
the provisional governments of
liberated countries should remain
unsettled until elections could be
held. But first there has- to be a
government in order to hold an
election. Yet they did not wish
to deal with governments that had
not been elected. The result has
been that they find themselves
having no relations, or very cool
relations, with the provisional gov
ernments that are actually in pow
er in Europe. We must not com
plain if our influence upon them
is not very great: effective di
plomacy cannot be conducted by
telling the world what you do not
approve of.
Finally, they have taen the po
sition or to be mcf-e accurate,
they have allowed the American
public to think it was our position,
that the European powers should
s'ake their whole security upon the
Dumbarton Oaks proposals. Our
Allies were to renounce strategic
frontiers and pacts of mutual as
sistance, and to rely wholly for
their defence against a renewal of
German aggression upon the trea
ty, which is not yet drafted, that
the Senate is, going eventually to
ratify. Moreover, they were told
by many Senators and many pub
licists, that if they did not wait
for the Senate, if they took con
crete measures for -their own de
fence, this would be interpreted
here as “power politics,’ as
“spheres of influence” and as gen
eral disloyalty to the ideals of the
United Nations. The penalty, they
were told, would be that the Sen
ate might not ratify, or would at
least emasculate, the Dumbarton
Oaks treaty.
* lie
It was not possible (and if we
were in their place, we should see
it is not possible) for nations like
France and Russia, which have
twice in twenty-five years been ov
errun by Germany, and for Great
Britain which has twice been in
mortal peril, to trust their future
to our official policy of leaving
everything that matters most to
them unsettled, and hanging
upon the uncertainties of Ameri
can politics. As long as the Ger
mans occupied most of Europe,
and even a large part of the Soviet
Union, it was still possi Die—though
extremely unwise and dangerous
—to postpone the settlement of
frontiers, decisions on provisional
governments, and of the mutual
relationships of the countries
which are strategically nearest to
Germany. But as soon as the Ger
mans were driven out of western
Europe, out of the Mediterranean,
the Balans and eastern Europe,
our policy of noble negatives and
indefinite postponement became
utterly unworkable.
Issues had to be settled. They
could not be left any longer in
suspense. The fact that we did not
wish to settle them—be it because
any settlement would conflict with
our theories, or because we did
not like to handle hot potatoes
meant only that the issues would
somehow be settled anyway and
without benefit of whatever wis
dom we might have contributed.
* * *
The fact of the matter is that
the main structure of a European
settlement has now taken shape.
It will be, as it was bound to be
an organization of Europe speci
fically directed to preventing a re
newal of German aggression in
the coming generation. This is the
intent and substance of the Fran
co-Soviet pact. It is a firm agree
ment for at least twenty years by
the t w o strongest immediate
neighbors of Germany. The con
clusion of this agreement will be
followed soon by an agreement be
tween Great Britain and France,
by. a-settlemerrtrof the Polish- ques
tion, and by the adherence of Bel
gium and the Netherlands, of Po
land and Czechoslovakia, to this
system of security.
Far from deploring this develop
ment, we should regard it as
promising the fulfillment of o u r
chief war aim in Europe, and as
putting a solid foundation under
the Dumbarton Oas proposals.
That Europe should be strongly
organized to contain German ag
gression is precisely what we most
want. It is the one best way of
not having to intervene again, as
we had to this time, after our
Allies in western Europe were de
feated or exhausted. It is the only
way in which we can achieve our
aim of disarming Germany for a
generation without assuming the
“How many more payments,
dear, before we can sell the house
with a STAR-NEWS Want Ad.”
Obituaries
W. M. EUBANK
Funeral services for W. M. Eu
bank, who died Thursday morn
ing at his home in Scotts Hill,
were conducted at the residence
at 3 p. m. yesterday by the Rev.
A. S. Parker, the Rev. J. C. Whed
bee and the Rev. J. Carroll. Inter
ment will be in the Scotts Hill
cemetery.
Mr. Eubank, a former distribu
tor for' the Standard Oil Co. of
New Jersey, is survived by his
widow, Mrs. Josephine H. Eubank;
four daughters, Mrs. Lemuel R.
Harris, of Warrenton, Mrs. James
Ivie, of Leaksville, Mrs. Milton
Smith, of Swan Quarter, and Mrs.
George B. Handall, of Baltimore,
Md.; one son, W. M. Eubank, Jr.,
of Wilmington; one sister, Mrs.
W. R. Bowers, of Bethel; three
brothers, John W. Eubank, of Has
sell, Guthrie Eubank, of Rich
mond, Va.; and Melvin Eubank,
of Wilmington, as well as twelve
grandchildren.
Honorary pallbearers are M. W.
Divine, W. T. DeVane, C. H. Jew
ell, R. G. White, and Charles A.
Tate.
JOHN W. REAVES
John Williams Reaves, 68, died
Friday morning at James Walker
Memorial hospital. He was a na
tive of Columbus county and own
er of a farm near Nakina.
He is survived by two sisters,
Mrs. Penney Jones and Mrs. Ad
die Ivery, of Nakina, four broth
ers, J. H. Reaves, of Ayden, Joel
W. Reaves, of Bladentboro, Maj.
E. Reaves, of Bolton, Bill W.
Reaves and Claude Reaves, of
Nakina, and also several nieces
and nephews.
Funeral services will be con
duced at 11:30 Saturday by the
Rev. Bob Carter, at the graveside
in the Reaves family cemetery.
WILLIAM T BATTS
WILLIAM T. Batts, 66, died yes
terday at 3:40 p.m. in his home
in Hampstead after a short illness.
He is survived by his widow,
Mrs. Mollie Batts, five daughters,
Mrs. E. W Hudson and Mrs. Her
man Walton, of Wilmington. Mrs.
George Allen Shepard, Miss Mazie
Batts and Miss Elizabeth' Batts,
of Hampstead: four sons, Sgt.
Woodie Batts, Pfc. Weymouth
Batts, both of the U. S. Army, over
seas, S 1-c Namon Batts, U. S.
Navy, and Wayne Batts, of Hamp
stead.
Funeral services wall be conduct
ed today at 4 p.m. in the Batt resi
dence !ay the Rev, Paul Merrett.
Interment will be in the family
cemetery.
Honorary pallbearers are Woodie
Hall. Ed Carter, Ed Carter, Jr.,
Gray Justice, Dr. Bryant and E.
N. Sidbury
WEATHER
(Eastern Standard Time)
(By U. S. Weather Bureau)
Meteorological data for the 24 hours
ending 7:30 p.m., yesterday.
Temperature
1:30 am, 44.0; 7:30 am, 38.0; 1:30 pm,
52.0; 7:30 pm, 40.0.
Maximum 57; Minimum 36; Mean 48;
Normal 48.
Precipitation
Total for the 24 hours ending 7:30 pm,
O. 00 inches.
Total since the first of the month,
2.66 inches.
Tides For Today
(From the Tide Tables Published by
the U. S. Coast and Geodetic Survey*
High Low
Wilmington --- 4:02a 11:19a
4:32p 11:44p
Masonboro Inlet _ 1:54a 8:10a
2:22p 8:41p
Sunrise, 7:15 a.m.; Sunset, 5:08 p.m.;
Moonrise, 1:08 p.m.; Moonset, 12:42 a.m
-V
Ann Miller, Little Brunet,
Wins Tkalian Hall Tourney
Ann Miller, attractive little bru
net grappler. scored a rousing vic
tory over Mae Young on the Tha
lian Hall mat last night in two
straight falls.
Miss Young tried hard but was
unable to meet the attack of the
girl who was called in at a last
minute to substitute for Nell Stew
art.
Yank In Pacific Plays
Santa To 22 Children
WAYNE, Pa. Dec. 22. — (ff)—
From the South Pacific, S-Sgt. Wil
liam Birmingham is playir, Santa
Claus to 22 youngsters at home.
“If you want to make me happy
just do all this for me,” he wrote
his mother asking her to buy pres
ents from his Army pay savings.
intolerable burden of maintaining
a large American army of occupa
tion in Europe.
* * *
Has any one who is wringing
his hands and beating his breast
about these developments any bet
ter plan for winning the peace
than one which enlists the prin
cipal nations of Europe as the pri
rr-ry guardians of German disar
mament? Does any one want the
European states not to organize
for the guardianship of Germany,
and to be unprepared and uncom
mitted to deal swifly and effec
tively with a revival of German
militarism, and so to leave it to
us—once again—to come in at the
eleventh hour and pay the price
we are now paying?
Nazis’ Winter Drive
Spends Much Of Force
(Continued from Page One)
mans had been reported nearing
Wiltz Tuesday.
A dispatch from Associated
Press Correspondent Edward D.
Ball, still covering the situation
up to Wednesday, reported there
was brisk fighting in the areas
of Bastogne and Arlon, important
Belgian city on the Allied supply
route leading down from Antwerp
through Liege and Bastogne,
Spread of the fighting to Arlon
broadened the front deep inside
Belgium to some 50 miles.
The situation was officially re
ported stabilized on the southern
flank Wednesday around Echter
nuch, in eastern Luxembourg near
the German border, and one front
dispatch said the threat to the
little Duchy’s capital seemed to
have subsided.
Advanced German forces were
reported Tuesday to be about 14
miles northeast of the capital, and
the push toward Arlon reported
today put the Germans about 13
miles away on the west.
All these developments were up
to Wednesday noon.
On the basis of today s up-to-the
minute dispatches it appeared
that the pace of the German ad
vance westward also had been
slowed, and that American lines
were holding firm on both the
north and south flanks.
Front dispatches describing the
Germans’ point of deepest pene
tration as 40 miles and reporting
the slow-down of the enemy offen
sive apparently described the sit
uation as it exists tonight.
On the extreme north flank in
the 1'.lanschau sector, some 16
miles southeast of Aachen, furious
fighting flared over the muddy,
snow-covered hills- and dispatches
told of a massing of enemy
strength in this area.
Roving German detachments,
sometimes powered by more than
30 tanks, still were spearing
through soft spots into rear areas
it ap
com
mand was pausing and gathering
strength for renewed blows.
Some of the heaviest fighting
raged today on the northern flank
east of Malmedy—along the route
the Kaiser’s armies struck in 1914
—where for 24 hours the Germans
banged without success against a
Doughboy wall that refused to
give an inch.
Associated Press Correspondent
Wes Gallagher said that this stub
born defense was slowly breaking
the back of the German offensive
and that at least 200 enemy tanks
had been knocked out in the last
five days, with reports far from
complete.
The report that the enemy’s of
fensive—which has brought the Al
lies own winter drive to a halt—
had lost a great deal of its force
came from Bfitish-Canadian head
quarters, which first reported
yesterday that the push carried
32 miles inside Belgium up to
Tuesday noon.
The German communique tend
ed to agree with this estimate in
reporting that advanced elements
had thrown several bridgeheads
yesterday across the Ourthe river,
seven to 12 miles beyond the
Liege-Bastogne highway. This
road was cut Tuesday at Werbo
mont, 32 miles inside Belgium.
It would be premature to say
that von Rundstedt’s scheme had
failed, if he hopes to sweep across
the Meuse river, some 65 miles
west of the Belfian border, as
some quarters believe, Associated
Press Correspondent Roger Greene
reported from British-Canadian
headquarters. >
JAPS BELIEVED
FLEEING BURMA
(Continued from Page One)
lay railroad and occupied Kawlin,
a communique from southeast Asia
command headquarters at Kandy,
Ceylon, announced. Kawlin, eight
miles south of Wuntho, was taken
against slight Japanese opposition,
the communique said.
Near the west Burma coast, the
town of Rathedaung, on the east
bank of the Mayu river about 25
miles north of Akyab, was shelled
by Royal and Indian naval units
supporting the Arakan offensive.
PALOMPON UNDER
YANK ARTILLERY
(Continued from Page One)
Liberator bombers, possibly bas
ed on Mindoro, splattered Panay,
Negros, Ceu and Masate Island
airdromes with 1,000-pound mis
siles.
MacArthur has reported 12,873
enemy dead found abandoned on
Leyte is the last seven days. This
average of 1,839 daily considera
bly exceeded the estimate of 1,5V0
enemy casualties daily which he
made in his December 15 report
on casualties for the first 55 days
of i fighting in the Leyte-Samar
campaign.
American warplanes based on
Leyte shot down two Nipponese
planes in the Leyte Gulf area.
The new Yank bases on Min
doro have accelerated the tempo
of the aerial invasion of Luzon.
Clark Field near Manila again
was harassed by heavy bombers,
the communique said, causing
fires and explosions. It was the
fourth consecutive day of attacks
on Luzon.
A hur.dred tons of bombs were
dropped on airfields on Cebu and
other Visayan Islands, severely
cratering runways and destroying
or damaging 13 Nipponese planes.
Heavy raids also were made on
airdromes at Davao and Zambo
nga, to the south.
-V
New telephone equipment per
mits a toll operator in one city
to dial a subscriber’s phone in an
other city without the assistance
of an operator in the second city.
YANKS FOILED NAZI
PUSH, LEADER SAYS
(Continued from Page One)
before him a single thought — to
destroy the enemy on the ground,
in the air, everywhere — destroy
him!
“United in this determination
and with unshakeable faith in the
cause for which we fight, we will,
with God’s help, go forward to our
greatest victory.
“Signed,
“Dwight D. Eisenhower.”
RED WINTER PUSH
IS HELD IMMINENT
(Continued from Page One)
Hungarian mountains just below
the Slovak frontier
Berlin said a. crushing aerial
bombardment opened the Latvian
attack. It was followed by a 90
minute artillery barrage in which
the Russians fired 170,000 shells
into German dugouts. Then 27 So
viet divisions sprang forward on
a 22-mile front south and south
west of Saldus road junction.
I Saunders I
I HOLIDAY STORE HOURS: I
I Sunday, Dec. 24th ■
I 9 A.M. to 1P.M. I
I Monday, December 25th 1
I CLOSED ALL DAY I
I Tuesday, Dec. 26th I
I Open 8 A. M. — Usual Hours J
HPy w ^B^v h IB ■ I ■ B M :%»
■ Mi
I 108 N. FRONT ST. I
An exquisite gift ... a really fine expression of
your devotion . . . always acceptable and remem
bered for many years . . . the fine fur should be
your first choice of something personal, practical
and useful for her Christmas. Not for many seasons
have we been able to furnish you with such a wide
selection and such excellent styles; and at such very
reasonable prices too.
214 N. Front St.
Her Favorite
PERFUME
! Yardley Bond Street, V* oz.$2.50
Yardley Bond Street, 1 oz.$8.50
Yardley Bond Street, 2 oz.$13*50
My Alibi or Chichi, Vx oz.. ■ • $3*75
My Alibi or Chici, Vz 01. $7.00
My Alibi or Chichi, 1 oz.$12.50
Lynette—Fantasia, % oz. $2.40
Lynette—Fantasia, Vz oz. ....... $3*00
Follow Me, V8 oz. . $1*00
Evening In Paris Flaconette. 60c
Nonchalant, % oz.$1.00
Courage—Borjouis . $1.00
Hartnell—Menace, 1 oz. .$18.50
Hartnell—.White Shoulders, 1 oz. $18.50
Old Spice, % oz. $4*00
Old Spice, 1 Vz os. $7*50
Devastating, Vs oz. ... $1*75
Old South, i/k oz. S1-00
Old South, Vz oz.• • $3-50
Leigh Perfumes, 1 oz. $3*50
Ciro—Assorted Odors .. $3*75 to ^7*5^
The above items~are~subject to the 20% tederal_tax. ~
108 N. Front St.

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