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■ ~ _^TCdE IF1©®? <gd?V ©IF ®®@(Sg>lfg8 AME) IPluEAgyEllI )fr} . __ i01 — '----WILMINGTON, N. C., SK^f^jf^CEMBER 24, 1944 _ PINAL EDITION ESTABLISHED 1567 tanks Bite Into Gcphans* Southern Flank As Air Force Pours Destruction On Enemy; Byrnes Forbids Racing In Manpower Drive New Controls On Industry Are Outlined _ 9 Materials And Fuel To Be Denied Defiant Businesses WASHINGTON, Dec. 23— (7pj_in its most drastic man power moves of the war, the Government today banned horse and dog racing, called for draft boards to check on professional athletes not in service and served notice that Materials, fuel and transpor wm be denied industries which defy manpower regulations. Jamei Byrnes, war mobilization director, with Roosevelt’s approv al. asked all racing tracks to close January 3 and remain closed until war conditions permit. Then he disclosed that at his re quest, Selective Service Director Lewis B. Hershey has directed lo cal draft boards to “review the classification of men known to be engaged in professional athletics who har e been deferred because of failure to meet, the physical qualifications for service, or who hare been in one of the services and have been discharged there from. The racing industry, employing thousands of riders, handlers and stable hands, contributed $55,971, 232.87 in taxes this year and more than $1,126,308,645 was wagered during the season. The actions capped a week of intensified endeavor to speed up the whole American war effort to the greater pace which the Ger man counteroffensive has shown will be necessary for victory. In earlier moves, the government had: 1. Increased the draft rate for January and February from 60, 000 to 80.000. 2. Raised its sights on war pro duction to plan on the basis that heavy fighting may continue in Eu rope for a year or more. 3. Frozen production of civilian foods at current levels indefinitely. 4. Sharply cut the allotment of tmomobile tires for civilian use. The racing ban, along with the tightening of manpower regulations is aimed at “squeezing” manpow er out of less-essential activities md into war production. Even be fore the German offensive raised production problems, it had 'een estimated that war plants ‘Continued on Page Two; Col. 1) TT tOlUT-FREE MEATS Am CANNED GOODS SET FOR RATIONING (By the Associated Press) virtually all point-free meats and tanned vegeables will be back on ration list by the start of the Ns"' Year, it was learned tonight. The OPA, reliable sources said, , prepared to announce the dras t,c move next Wednesday. New point values, now being •‘scussed, probably will be effec ts December 31. The decision is understood to practically all cuts of beef, Vaa‘- lamb and pork as well as ‘k major canned vegetables. The directive foods have been ration tee since last May. (Because of continued need for freezer space in warehouses for military commodities, frozen fruits and vegetables probably will stay Point-free. Jams, jellies, and pre ‘erves are not expected to be re wned to the list. Restoration of points to the wide v°nety of meat cuts and vegeta wni be a major victory for !A over the War Food Adminis ‘raUon. For the last five months - A has recommended that point ,ree meats and vegetables be put °ack under rationing, contending l,‘at spotty distribution and short ages—actual and potential—war franted such a move. WPA which has jurisdiction as -,J which commodities are ra •0Ped. rejected the proposal each ■me it was submitted. The dis was climaxed last month "hen OPA appealed to Stabiliza (Continucd. on Page Seven; Cpl. 5) TWP Refinance Plan Approved- By Board Move Will Shift Control To Predominantly Local Group And Render Firm Indepen dent Of General Gas And Electric Co. I* inancial reorganization of the Tide Water Power Co. officially was set in motion yesterday by a stockholders’ vote of approval rendered shortly before midday. in announcing xne development, Warren W. Bell, president of the company, said yesterday after noon that the change would result in a shift of control from the hold ing company possessed until now of a large share of the company’s common stock to holders of the present preferred stock, a pre dominantly local group. Substan tial annual tax saving also are expected. The recapitalization plan in cludes a merger with Tide Water’s wholly-owned subsidiary, the Cape Fear Power corporation. Stock holders of both organizations, meet ing separately at 11 a. m., added their sanction to that of the Se curities and Exchange Commis sion, received Friday night after negotiations in Philadelphia last week, and that of the North Caro lina Utilities Commission, accord ed previously. Procedure in the refinancing will include securing an interim bank loan of $1,500,000, to be used with company funds to retire present outstanding bonds worth $6,067,500. New first mortgage bonds in the principal amount of $4,500,000 and sinking fund debentures in the principal amount of $1,000,000 were approved today for issuance early in January. Price and interest rates on these are to be determin ed by competitive bidding. Of the 68,693 shares of new com mon stock to be issued, 95,432 will be offered for exchange, in a ratio of four to one, for the 23,856 shares of present $6-preferred stock, which (Continued on Page Seven; Col. 4) _IT_ Charles Dana Gibson, Creator Of Gay 90’s Fashions, Dies At 77 NEW YORK, Dec. 23.— UP) — Charles Dana Gibson, 77, whose pen-and-ink creation, the Gibson girl, was the model of American womanhood from 1894 into the 20th century, died of a heart ailment today. The artist, who had been in fail ing health for some time, succumb ed at 9 a. m. in his New York apartment. Mrs. Gibson, the form er Irene Langhorne of Virginia, sister of Lady Astor, was at his bedside. Gibson, a native of Roxbury, Mass., had built a solid reputation as an artist by the time he was 25, but with the publication of his sketches of alluring, lovely and fragile girls, the artist became an arbiter of fashion and manner for the whole “gay ’90s” era. Women consulted the latest Gibson girl sketch before they dared plan their wardrobes. CITY PUBLIS ES YEARLY EVIEW Report Covers Everything From Azaleas To Murder Rate By JOHN CONLY Wilmingtonians currently ab sorbed in wondering where their money has gone—a not inconsider able group at this time of year— may be able to find' part of their answer in a natty blue pamphlet published Friday by the office of City Manager A. C. Nichols. It is the first priiyed edition of the annual municipal report, and among the enlightening items on its 35 pages is not only a fraction by-fraction account of where the taxpayer’s dollar went, but vari gated information to the effect that 67,000 azaleas were raised this year in Greenfield Park gardens, that murders fell away in the same pe riod from 24 to 11 and that the downtown sidewalks are now bath ed with soap in the wee hours once a week. Handsomely made up by J. Fred Rippy, Jr., administrative assistant to Mr. Nichols and a product of the University of Chicago’s up-to date graduate school of municipal administration, the brochure con tains graphs illustrating financial progress and photographs submitted by city employes and interested citizens. In amplification of the last-page scale of income sources and expen (Continued on Page Two; Col. 5) __ WEATHER FORECAST Cloudy today with highest temperature about 46 degrees. Moderate northeast winds. Yesterday’s temperatures: High, 52—Low, 33. (Eastern Standard Time) (By U. S. Weather Bureau) Meteorological data for the 24 hours ending 7:30 p.m., yesterday. Temperature 1:30 am, 35; 7:30 am, 35; 1:30 pm, 44; 7:30 pm, 47. Maximum 52; Minimum 33; Mean 42; Normal 48. Humidity 1:30 am. 100; 7:30 am, 92; 1:30 pm. 94; 7:30 pm, 100. Precipitation Total for the 24 hours ending 7:30 pm, 0.00 inches. Total since the first of the month, 2.66 inches. Tides For Today (From the Tide Tables published by U. S. Coast and Geodetic Survey) High Low Wilmington _ 5:03a 5:31p 12:19p Masonboro Inlet_2:59a 9:16a 3:24p 9:38p Sunrise, 7:15 am.; Sunset. 5:09 p.m.; Moonrise, 1:44 p.m.; Moonset, 1:48 a.m. Christmas In Europe Spirit To By-Pass Lands As People Long For Peace By RUSSELL LANDSTROM LONDON, Dec. 23.—<*>—For the sixth straight year, the Christmas spirit will by-pass Europe, its bel ligerents locked now in perhaps the final struggle and most of its hearths desolate. The German counteroffensive has pulled up the Allied armies tautly and made them determined to set right this reverse on the Western Front. In the mud and snow of the bit terly-contested ground where Field Marshal von Rundstedt cast his challenge, there can be nothing ap proximating Christmas, not even the ordinary Christmas at the front when special food and gifts are passed forward. Consequently, London, Pans, Brussels and Rome naturally feel far less disposed to celebrate. Yet the people do not want to be—nor are they encouraged to be —morbidly gloomy. News of peace, the finest Christmas story, will be delayed, and at tragic cost, but its coming is inevitable. As in the past, therefore, Amer icans and Britons here are ex changing courtesies, the former sharing the good things of their Red Cross clubs with children de nied a normal family life, and the latter receiving U. S. service men into their homes. Red Cross clubs are serving free turkey dinners and sponsoring par ties, concerts, movies and dances. United Seamen’s service is tak ing care of many merchant sail ors of the Allied nations. Similar arrangements were made in several Belgian and French cit ies. Apart from the frontline jolt, the British had troubles with the black market flourishing in poultry, 111 our and toys. Only a relatively small number of people are able (Continued on Page Seven; Col. 1) As reports indicate that American forces have partially checked the powerful German counter-offensive in' Belgium and Luxembourg, military observers look for a greatly strengthened counterattack bj; our armored and infantry units. Now that Gen. Von Runstedt has revealed the whereabouts of his reserves, it is believed that regroup ed U. S. First Army forces will undoubtedly attack the flanks of Nazis moving forward in the Malmedy-St. Vith sector and, further south, in the Vianden sector. The hacking off of enemy forces in this salient may result in disaster for the Nazis who have gambled all on the drive. NEWS ‘BLACKOUT’ PROBE TO START Congress Plans Inquiry Into Lack Of Data To GI’s WASHINGTON. Dec. 23.—(.Pi Rep. Brooks (D-La.) said today the House Military committee will in vestigate what he called a “com plete blackout” of news to Ameri can fighting men abroad. Brooks is a member of the com mittee. which recently completed a four-week inspection of Eu ropean battlefront areas. American troops, he complained, are not getting enough news of the rest Of the world and most of what they do get is old. The French edition of the Army publication, Stars and Stripes, he said, gives “very little news” to the troops and “what news is given is highly colored.” Some of the news it publishes, he added in a statement, is “a month or two old.” “The paper does have one column for ‘gripes,’ which is used to air grievances of the men in the serv ice, and is satisfactory, but it fails completely to give news coverage from home,” he declared, adding (Continued on Page Seven; Col. 3) -V 300 Billion Debt Faces U. S. Money Experts Next Year WASHINGTON, Dec. 23.— UP) — Fiscal experts took a look today at a prospective National debt of $300,000,000,000 and said its man agement will afford one of the greatest challenges ever to con front the Government At stake in finding a sound method of handling it are the sol vency of the Government, stability of the National economy and the savings and investments of every American. These experts aren’t exactly wor ried yet. But they are working on a budget, which President Roosevelt will submit to Congress in about ten days, which will hoist the debt upwards of $300,000,000, 000. In former years, they say, it didn’t matter greatly if there was a bit of a deficit—or even a size able deficit—for the total debt was relatively small and there always were prospects of running into a period of good years which would permit trimming it to comfortable size. YANK LIBERATORS HIT CLARK FIELD Airborne Division Helped Strike Japanese On Leyte GENERAL MACARTHUR’S HEADQUARTERS, PHILIPPINES, SUNDAY, Dec. 24.—UP)—Headquar ters today reported a smashing daylight air raid on Clark Field, near Manila, in which the majority of 100 grounded Japanese planes were destroyed, and said also that U. S. troops had completed the destruction of Nipponese in the bloody Ormoc corridor of Leyte Island. Liberator bombers, operating from an undisclosed field, possibly on Mindoro island, which is only a half hour’s flight from Manila, made the Clark Field raid Fri day, Philippine time. It was the first daylight Lib erator operation against that main Japanese air center in the Philip pines and an Army spokesman said it was a first class surprise to the Nipponee, who got only nine of their fighters in the air to meet the assault. Eight of the nine interceptors were shot down by U. S. Thunder (Continued on Page Seven; Col. 2) Reds Gain 16 Miles In Westward Thrust Soviet Forces Within 100 Miles Of Vienna And Heavy Fighting Around Budapest; Drive Pushes On Bratislava LONDON, Dec. 23 — (£>)— A hard-fighting Russian thrust westward above the Danube river in Hungary has gained as much as 16 miles and placed Red Army troops within 100 miles of Vienna and 72 of Bratislava, Moscow _:-^disclosed tonight as action flamed 700,000 SLAIN INNAZI CAMPS Russians Report New Atro cities Committed In Poland MOSCOW, Dec. 23. — (£■) — A Soviet Extraordinary State Com mission investigating war crimes reported today that 700,000 persons including an undetermined number of citizens of the United States and Britain, had been killed by the Germans in three camps in Lwow province. Poland. The report did not list the names =of the Americans and Britons, nor did it give any further details con cerning them. The victims of all nationalities were said to include both civilians and prisoners of war. Writers, artists and musicians were made to wash the stairways of one seven-story building with their tongues, and then were com pelled to pick up garbage with their lips, the report said. In another incident, the report related, the conynander of one of the camps, the Yanov camp, threw two four-year-old children into the air and shot them to amuse his own nine-year-old daughter. The committee said it was also established that at the three camps (Continued on Page Seven; Col. 4) ■ Y American Units Gain Near Monte Belmonte; Canadians Widen Front ROME, Dec. 24.— UP)—Canadian troops of the Eighth Army, push ing ahead against strong opposi tion, have established a front more than five miles wide along the east bank o fthe Senio river north east of Faenza, while American troops have made local gains near Monte Belmonte, south of Balagna, Allied headquarters in Italy an nounced today. The report of the American ad vance was the first mention of any gains south of Bologna in weeks. The Americans have been in control of Monte Belmonte, a peak almost 2,000 feet high just east of highway 65, for several weeks. In their 24-hour advance, they moved up 500 yards in some places against dogged German re sistance. Patrols maintained con tact with the enemy throughout the night. on the Southeastern tront in many sectors. The Soviet communique ignored a German radio announcement that Red Army forces had en tered the southern and eastern suburbs of beleaguered Budapest in a new frontal assault, but de scribed heavy fighting at dis tances northeast, north, northwest and southwest of the Hungarian capital. The drive towards Bratislava and Vienna through mountainous, wooded country below Ipoly Sag and north of the Danube, captur ed nine towns and reached the bar rier of the Ipoly river on a 10 mile front down to its confluence with the Danube, Moscow disclos ed. The Russians were virtually on the river for another ten miles right up to the Ipoly Sag area. The German DNB agency in a late broadcast conceded that the Russians actually had crossed the Ipoly and had reached the valley of the Hron (Gran) river a dozen miles farther west on former Czechoslovak territory. Berlin, purposely obscure about the exact location of this action, claimed a German counterattack had cut off this Soviet wedge and encircled an isolated Russian grouping of troops. The; Moscow communique an nounced, without giving place names, that “in the area north of Ipoly Sag (Sahy) our troops successfully repulsed counterat (Continued on Page Two; Col. 4) _ v_ Chinese Press Attack On Hochih With Help Of American Aircraft CHUNGKING, Dec 23.— <JP> — Chinese troops supported by Amer ican lighter planes pressed their attack on the key railroad town of Hochih in Kwangsi province from three sides tonight, the Chi nese High Command announced. Hochih, which is 95 miles north west of Liuchow, is being assaulted by troops which routed Japanese columns from Kweichow province during the past two weeks. Mustang fighter planes of Maj. Gen. Claire L. Chennault’s 14th Air Force supported the Chinese ground action by bombing railroad yards east of Hochih and enemy road traffic west of Ishan. In another raid at Hongkong yesterday, U. S. P-51s destroyed two enemy fighters which inter cepted them over Kaitak airdrome, an American communique said Four Japanese planes were de stroyed on the ground. From Don To Dawn: B-29 Pilot Dreams Of Christmas Day With Tiny Daughter He Longs To See (Editor’s Note: From “Don to Dawn”—this is a Christmas letter transmitted by the Associated Press from Capt. Donald W. Thompson, 25-year-old veteran of several B-29 flights over Tokyo and Nagoya to his wife, Dawn Thomp son, Ridgewood, N. J. (Thompson, a West Point gradu ate and former Colgate University student, named his Superfortress ‘Punchin’ Judy” for his daughter, Judy, who will be a year old Feb ruary 4 His B-29 has an amusing painting of a be-diapered young boxer coming out of his corner, raising clasped hands over his head in cocky fashion. His letter “Somewhere on Saipan, Decem ber, 1944. “Dawn Darling: “Your last letter came on a beau tiful Sunday morning and was so in tune with all that Sunday can mean. It was a rare day, some how, although I did some of the routine things—jeeped up to the line to check or Punchin’ Judy and attended a critique on the last Na goya mission. The Puncher was in fine fettle for Sgt. Raynes really takes care of that big silver baby. “I would fly an orange crate to Tokyo and back if he would in stall the engines and maintain them. The recon photos shown at the critique would make a hearten ing Christmas greeting for each and every Rosie-the-Riveter Boeing employe. “Speaking of Christmas, it is about time that I started on a Christmas letter to you and Judy. The big question out here is ‘not how many shopping days ’til Christmas?’ but 'how many days ’til we go again?’ But that does not interfere with the hopes I send for a most happy Christmas Day and a more victorious New Year that will follow. “You know that all the crew join I me in these wishes. They all are in the pink these days. Ray still is a most able assistant in direct ing the crew; Mac has seen his bombs fall on Tokyo; Randy is licking one of the world’s tougher navigation problems; and ‘Plumb er’ checks his engineer gauges and distributes the gas that keeps those four fans humming. “Sarge Strong sits in his ‘Dark Room’ and keeps radio contact with the rest of the world while in ‘Dark Room No. 2’ ‘Burk’ Burk hart works in secrecy with his nu merous important gadgets. Old Man Staller, our CFC gun ner, along with Stormy Cloud and Dave Davis fuss like old women over their 50’s while Dan Bartok takes more than usual pride in the cannon that makes any tailgunner feel considerably less lonely. They all are doing a fine job not only (Continued on Page Two; Col. 1) t Enemy Drive Is 23 Miles From Jledan Allies Lift Time Lag On News; U. S. Regroups Its Forces PARIS, Sunday, Dec. 24—* (fP) — American relief col umns, swinging up through' Luxembourg and southeast ern Belgium in their first ef fective counteraction, have bitten into the southern flank of the German penetration which now has reached Libra mont, only 23 miles northeast of historic Sedan, Allied headquar ters disclosed last night. With clearing skies the world's mightiest air force also swung into action with 4,500 sorties against the German invasion columns, cut ting destructive swaths through their ranks and hammering their rear bases. Allied headquarters, nmng a <*o hour time lag on front news, gave this report of the situation: Striking north of the city of Luxembourg and also north of Ar lon, 13 miles northwest of Luxem bourg, American troops have dent ed the German southern flank. A front dispatch covering this action through Friday morning said the Luxembourg counter-ac tion was sprung north of Mersch. eight miles above Luxembourg City. Although this dispatch was censored it contained these per haps significant words: “It is obvious that in the eight days since the Germans threw the dice in what probably are their last big gamble, the Americans have had time to reform their forces.” Encouraging news also came from the northern flank where As sociated Press Correspondent Wes Gallagher said that Field Marshal von Rundstedt had been forced to pull back one of his crack SS (elite) divisions because it was so badly mauled by hard-fighting Doughboys in the Malmedy sec tor. The Germans left more than 1, 000 dead in the snows below Mal medy, Gallagher said, and a hard freeze setting in had the Yanks grouped around small bonfires across the battle-ridden fields and cross roads. Hundreds of Hitler’s youthful troops are snow-covered, lumps, dead in the no-man’ land between the lines in that area, the dispatch said. The Americans, however, have (Continued on Page Seven; Col, 2) -V VON RUNDSTEDT’S LINES ARE RAKED BY 1,400 PLANES LONDON, Dec. 23.— UP) —The might of Allied air power was thrown in today over the snow covered Western Front in an at tempt to check the German drive into Belgium and Luxembourg as more than 400 heavy bombers and more than 1,000 fighter-bomb ers pounded Marshall von Rund stedt’s lines. In some of the fiercest air bat tles of the war 106 German Mes serschmitt and Loce Wulf fighters were shot down by American fighters and bombers which escap ed with much smaller losses. Only three heavy bombers and 13 fight ers were reported missing by the U. S. Eighth Air Force, based in Britain. ' Three hundred planes of the U. S. Ninth Air Force based in France shot down at least 29 of the Ger man fighters which rose by the hundreds to protect the German supply lines. The Ninth’s losses were not reported here. Meanwhile, RAF Lancasters battered targets in the Rhineland and their escorting Mustangs and Spitfires strafed ground targets and shot down one German. The Luftwaffe fought frantical ly against the American airmen who had been waiting anxiously three days for clearing weather to lend a hand to the hard-press ed ground forces on the Western | Front.