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The Wilmington morning star. [volume] (Wilmington, N.C.) 1909-1990, December 27, 1944, FINAL EDITION, Image 1

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forecast REMEMBER
Cloudy and cold today with highest DC* HUT IT % DDAR
temperatures about 38 degrees. JTI!inMa IlAIkOUXI
Yesterday’s temperatures: _ _ _ --
High 84-Low 39, AND BATAAN
-:-1___;__WILMINGTON, N. C., WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER 27, 1944_ FINAL EDITION
Fresh Nazi Attack Opens Battle For Meuse;
Russians F; ^sh Encirclement Of Budapest
— J. i. a —■ ■ | ■ 11 1 - — X
t Y. Butcher
Shops Closed
In Price Row
About Half Of City’s Stores
Protesting OPA
Regulations
XEW YORK, Dec. 26—(IP)
—Christmas dinner leftovers
made up the menu for many
a New York family today as
thousands of butcher shops
closed in protest against Gov
ernment price regulations.
A bakery drivers’ strike
sharply cut delivery of pies
and dark bread, meanwhile,
and many delicatessen stores
—their owners joining meat
dealers in a price protest—
failed to open.
Police Commissioner Lewis J.
Valentine reported that 2,135 of 6,
020 meal stores checked in New
York's five ooroughs were observ
ing the “meat holiday” voted two
weeks ago.
Joseph Cohn, counsel for the
\'ew York Council of Wholesale
Meat Dealers, said there were 10,
000 meat stores in the city and that
at least half of them were closed.
mntpsmm said further shut
downs were likely tomorrow.
A little meat was available in
the stores that did open, Mayor
LaGuaidia and other observers
said, and the shortage was felt in
i.vdtown restaurants jammed by
holiday crowds.
Balked in his efforts to obtain
the meat dealers’ principle demand
—price ceilings on livestock—Reg
ional OPA administrator Daniel R.
Volley announced a ‘‘era ik
d wn-’ on meat speculators who, he
said, “constitute the core of the
meet black market.”
One wholesaler. Harvey Ershow
sky. was sentenced to two days’
imm-isonment after pleading guil
'; lo selling two carcasses without
t. v.ishing required prices end oth
e: information.
In Washington, Rep. Celler (D
XV. said he would ask the new
Congress to compel price ceilings
01 the live cattle—a move the War
(Continued on Rage Three; Col. ■)
-V
OPA ASKS PUBLIC
TO DESTROY ALL
INVALID COUPONS
WASHINGTON, Dec. 26.—(^P)—
f .sewives were asked by the
OPA tonight to destroy all food
i ' A stamps that became invalid
today.
| The request was made in order
to prevent voided stamps from
W i used in food purchases eith
e rough accident or design, in
'-elation of OPA rules.
OPA assured housewives that
Sid ration tokens will continue
food for meats, fats, cheese and
trailer. Grocers will continue to
f 'e them as change for red 10
stamps. The use of blue
w m tokens now is banned, hav
”!- been discontinued in October
"•ten OPA began listing process
e,i food point values in multiple
e let'.
The ration stamps invalidated
11 of 12:01 today, and which OPA
? hs that you destroy are: red
s 'mps A8 through Z8 and A5.
'•rough P5; blue stamps A8
t rough Z8 and A5 through W5;
1 Mr stamps 30, 31, 32, 33 and
t(’ along with a*ll home canning
c 'Upons oustanding.
'’amps continuing to be good
•'id those soon to be made good
‘ to i cd stamps Q3, R5, aud So,
' oh became valid December 3.
Ecd stamps T5, U5, Vo, W5 and
will become good December
Blue stamps Xo. Y5, Z5, A2
Md B2. In addition, blue stamps
C2- D2, E2, F2 and G2 will be
Tow.e good January 1. Sugar stamp
:'n- 34 another sugar stamp will
become good on February 1.
At the Capitol, meantime, Rep.
Collar, New York City Democrat,
'’nounced he will ask Congress to
c ,mPel placing of ceilings on live
Cr ’it\ New York butchers have
' " 'ended that lack of such ceil
was forcing them out of
'■ 'and New York police re
ed that, hundreds of butcher
'os were closed today in pro
: against OPA price regula
tions.
Greenland? No, Just Chicago
.. ,,;. .:■ :£.
The scene above might have been snapped somewhere in the icy
wastes of Greenland—but it was actually taken in Chicago, at the
Jackson Park Coast Guard station, during recent cold snap. Keep
ing chilly vigil is Coast Guardsman Robert Soverviiie.
Inter-American Parley
To Exclude Argentina
WASHINGTON, Dec. 26—(UP)—The American re
publics supporting the war effort have decided to hold a
consultative meeting of foreign ministers without inviting
Argentina and an announcement of the time and place prob
ably will be made within a few days, it was disclosed tonight.
While it has been decided to exclude Argentina, it has
not yet been determined whether the Argetie “problem”
will be included on the agenda- It is certain, however, that
it will be a major factor in in--*—
formal discussions.
The meeting — to be the fourth
for American foreign ministers—
ostensibly will be for discussion of
world security proposals formula>
ed at Dumbarton Oaks, and other
postwar problems.
The decision to hold the confer
ence ends long controversy over
the various proposals for such a
meeting — the most sensational of
which was made by Argentina her
self. On October 27, the Buenos
Aires government applied to t h e
Pan American Union’s governing
board for a foreign minister’s
meeting to consider the Argentine
problem but specifically excluding
discussion of Argentina’s internal
affairs. The request was referred
to the various governments and has
not yet been acted upon.
As a result of the request, how
ever. Mexico made a counter-sug
gestion for .1 meeting of all the
Americas except Argentina. The
United Press reported yesterday
that 16 of the 18 nations consulted
on that proposal had replied and
all but two favored it.
It is anticipated that the time
of the now decided upon meeting
will be in February or March. It
definitely will be held before the
still contemplated full-dress United
Nations conference on t h e world
organization proposals. It is known
that American officials will be dis
appointed if the United Nations
conference is not held this winter
or in the spring.
It bas been nearly three years
since the last consultative meeting
Of. American foreign ministers and
there has been increasing pressure
(Continued on Page Three; Col. 5)
NEGRESS WHO KEPT
‘BOOK’ ON THEFTS
HELD; LOOT TAKEN
A 23-year-old Negress who kept
“books” on her shop-lifting acti
vity over the past two years was
charged with larceny and receiv
ing esterday, and merchandise,
valued' at approximately $5,000
; was recovered, city detectives re
ported last night.
The woman, Rosie Lee Burks
of 115 North 12th street, told po
lice she "lifted ' the goods from
down-town stores but refused to
say why she left the price tags
on many articles. The loot in
cluded shoes, candy, clothing, gro
ceries and many other items. She
had recorded the name of each
store robbed, the article taken and
the listed price, police said. Many
articles were stolen from fash
ionable shops here, the labels in
dicates
Detectives, faced with a huge
store of stolen merchandise, ap
pealed to local merchants to visit
the County Bureau of Identifica
tion toda_ in an effort to identify
the goods.
A pile of items, about six feet!
wide and 10 feet long, wa.s stack
high in the office of H. E. Fales.
superintendent of the bureau, and
several trunks remained to be
opened to add their contents to
the mound.
A large quantity of silver id
china is unidentified and many
(Continued on Rage Three; Col. 3;
Eastern States Prepare
For Severe Winter Wave
By the Associated Press
Eastern states were on the re
ceiving end last night of a cold
wave which pushed the mercury
as deep as 24 degrees below zei
in the Midwest yesterday.
Chicago Weather Bureau fore
casters said intensity of the cold
was diminishing as it moved east
ward. Upper. New York State, how
ever, was prepared for 10 below
I zero early today and Pennsylvania
bundled up for zero readings.
It was clear in most of the cold
zone.
Many Midwest sections had a
rapid recovery from frigid mini
mums ‘o above.zero levels by yes
terday afternoon. Temperatures
were due to drop to chilling ranges
again early today but not as low
as early yesterday.
The Rocky Mountain area also
I was in the grip of subzero weather,
i Douglas, Wyo., reporting 26 below
izero; Lander, Wyo., and Butte,
iMont., 22 below and Helena, Mont.,
j21 below. The Weather Bureau said,
i however, the cold was “easing up”
I in tnat region for contrast,
Brownsville, Tex., had a high mark
I of 78. Snow and sleet made Okla
homa highways dangerous.
Jacksonville, 111., reported the
coldest weather in the Midwest yes
terday, 24 below.
Relief arriving during the day
was shown by these comparisons,
the first figure being the minimum
and the second the midafternoon
: temperature:
j Bemidji, Minn., -23 and 11; Rock-j
I (Continued on Page Three; Col. 6)

British Foil
ELAS Murder
Of Churchill
1,680 Pounds Of Dyna
mite Found Beneath
Athens Hotel
ATHENS, Dec. 26— (UP) —
Prime Minister Winston
Churchill told a conference of
Greek and Allied representa
tives today that the British
are in Greece only to carry
out an obligation and had no
other interest than to see the
establishment of a suitable
government through a secret
ballot.
ATHENS, Dec. 26—(UP)
—In what was believed an
attempt on the lives of Prime
Minister Churchill and For
eign Secretary Anthony
Eden, anti-government Greek
ELAS fighters planted a
dynamite mine beneath the
entrance of the Great Brit
ain Hotel in Athens, where it
was found and rendered
harmless today by a British
natrol.
Some 1,680 pounds of German
dynamite, packed in crates bear
ing a German manufacturer’s
name, were found, fused and wired,
in a sewer beneath the hotel en
trance several hours before
Churchill and Eden met at an un
disclosed spot with Greek leaders
in an attempt to reach a peaceful
solution of the national crisis.
Tanks and armored cars stood
at important positions and RAF
Spitfires patrolled the city all day
in elaborate precautions to insure
the safety of the conferees.
At 5:30 p.m., Churchill, Eden,
Harold MacMillan. British resident
minister from the Middle East; U.
S. Ambassador Lincoln MacVeagh;
Greek Premier George Papandreou
and his group arrived at the con
ference room, it was disclosed.
Delegates of the ELAS arrived
some time afterwards. The British
conferees made a few opening re
marks and then retired, leaving
discussions to the Greeks
The hotel beneath which the mine
was found is the residence of the
Greek government and of Lt. Gen.
R. M. Scobie, British commander
in Greece.
The explosives were not planted
until after the announcement of the
arrival of Chui-chill and Eden here.
A British patrol examined the sew
ers under the hotel and the street
before it Monday night, and found
them empty. Patrolment left barb
ed wire barricades in the sewers,
and they had been cut.
Bi'itish engineers said the explo
sives naa Deen Drougni in ana
packed with great skill. And by
persons familiar with handling ex
plosives. As the cache was remov
ed. the British followed wires from
the detonators some distance after
jutting them. It was believed pos
sible the ELAS may have tried to
set off the blast before the patrol
jhased them away.
A sack of 30 pounds of explosvies
Aras found some distance from the
main cache, suggesting that an
ELAS trooper had discarded it and
'led when surprised by the patrol.
At the hotel, the sewer is from
light to 11 feet below street level,
;hree to four feet wide and six
o eight feet high. It is knee keep
n filthy water. Depth of the sewer
irobably would have curtailed
jlast damage, but undoubtedly the
ixplosion would have broken a 1 1
vindows and perhaps caused a col
apse of the front walls and the
'irst floor.
Enemy Escape
PathwayCut
Reds In Buda
Estergom, Only Route To
Safety For Foe,
Is Taken
LONDON, Dec- 26—(UP)
—Powerful Soviet tank and
infantry forces, closing the
escape corridor for thousands
of enemy troops in Budapest,
today completed the encircle
ment of the Hungarian capi
tal and simultaneously fought
one and o n e - h a 1 f miles
through the streets of the
city toward its heai't.
Enemy troops in the encircled
capital were believed preparing to
make a street-by-street stand, but
smashing back their resistance, the
Soviets were advancing into Buda,
western half of the city, and today
had captured several communities
within its limits.
The shell - churned nine mile
escape corridor for the enemy was
sealed when Marshal Feodor I.
Tolbukhin’s 3rd Ukrainian Army
vanced six miles to reach the Dan
advanced six miles to reach the
Danube 19 miles northwest of
.^•udaoest and captured Estergom.
Estergom was the enemy’s only
possible escape point. A highway
bridge crossed the Danube at that
point. On the north bank of the
Danube, a second Soviet army was
poised to shatter any lone enemy
attempts to cross the Danube in
small boats from the pocket of re
sistance still in enemy hands.
Smashing across Parkland on the
city’s western limits from tl\e su
burban town of Budakeszi, which
was captured Monday, Tolbukhin’s
troops advanced through wealthy,
residential Buda and captured
Zugliget, terminus of one of Bu
da’s three suburban streetcar
lines.
Simultaneously, other Russian
columns captured the great south
western suburb of Budfolk and five
miles northwest of Budapest took
the outlying town of Pilissvoros
var.
As the Red army’s seven-week
battle to capture Budapest ap
proached a climax, Moscotj; an
n'unced that Tolbukhin’s troops
(Continued on Page Two; Col. 3)
_v_
Jap Planes Bombard
Saipan, Yank Fliers
Hammer At Iwo Jima
U. S. PACIFIC HEADQUAR
TERS, PEARL HARBOR, Dec. 26.
— (UP)—Japanese aircraft, strik
ing back across the Western Pa
cific, raided Saipan’s B-29 base
Christmas Eve destroying one
American plane and damaging
several others, while Liberators
of the Strategic Air Force ham
mered Iwo Jima In the Volcanos
m their 18th consecutive attack,
il was announced today.
Between 16 and 25 enemy planes
hit one of Saipan’s airstrips
through a screen of Yankee night
fighters.
The U. S. forces shot down three
planes and Saipan’s anti-aircraft
gunners destroyed a fourth.
Complete details of the damage
caused on Saipan were not avail
able but Adm. Chester W. Nimitz’
communique said six men were
injured in addition to plane losses
on the ground. The communique
did not identify the type of planes
destroyed and damage on the
field.
Publisher’s Announcement .
*-—
<
The full leased day and night
wire service of the United
Press became a part of the
comprehensive news coverage
maintained by the Wilmington
Star-News yesterday. Added to
the excellent Associated Press,
it gives these newspapers the
finest wire agencies available
today.
Installation of reception
equipment for the United Press
has been completed and to
day’s edition of the Wilmington
Morning Star carries many of
the service’s Outstanding news
-1
stories, written by world-re- (
nowned correspondents, spe- (
cial dispatches and other fea- 4
tures. (
Addition of the United Press
is part of the newspapers’ poll- ;
cy to bring the best available j
news coverage, 24 hours of the ,
day, to its readers. The United ,
Press will appear daily in the <
Wilmington Morning Star, the (
.Wilmington News in the after
noon and the Star-News on Sun- 1 g
dav. {
R. B. PAGE, ;
Publisher. «
Soldiers9 Club Hit;
Casualties^ Reported
Air Raid Sirens Fail To Announce Presence |
Of Night Raiders Until First Explo
sions Shatter Parisian Serenity
PARIS, Wednesday, Dec. 27.—
(UP)—Paris, which had thought it
self secure after years of terror,
was bombed by enemy planes late
last night in a brief raid which, it
was announced, caused slight cas
ualties and damage.
One bomb hit a servicemen’s
club which served walking wound
ed ir transit through Paris from
the front.
The enemy planes came in over
the city at 10:51 p.m., in a cloud
less starlit sky, and dropped their
bombs. Buildings rocked for blocks
around the explosions. Two min
utes after the first bombs dropped,
the air raid warning was sounded.
The “all clear” came 35 minutes
later.
Announcement of the casualties
and damage came from American
Ninth Air Force Headquarters.
There had been no air alert in
Paris, let alone bombs, since short
ly after the city was liberated.
Then the sirens sounded, and ex
plosions were heard, while Gen.
Charles de Gaulle was attending a
memorial service at Virty ceme
tery. It was never established
whether bombs actually were drop
ped then or saboteurs caused ex
plosions.
The incident caused great ten
sion in the city, partly because of
fear of Vichy fifth columnists, and
people went about carefully after
dark.
Much the same atmosphere exist
ed when enemy planes struck last
night.
For more than a week, since the
Germans started their counterof
fensive, reports had circulated
Ihrough the city of the dropping
of German parachutists and fifth
columnists, including armed wom
en, behind the Allied lines.
CBS Correspondent Ned Calmer
said that the raid caused conster
nation among Parisians.
Calmer was in his room at the
time, he said, and he first noticed
something unusual in the persistent
droning of a plane which seemed to
be circling at high altitude.
“Then suddenly a series of ex
plosions shook the whole of Paris
and this hotel, which is a great
solid one, shook like everything
else,’ Calmer reported.
‘‘Finally the Paris air raid si
rens sounded.”
CLARK FIELD HIT
FOR THIRD TIME
Japs Apparently Hoarding
Up Strength For
Showdown
GENERALI MacARTHUR’S
HEAD QUARTERS, Philippines
Wednesday, Dec. 27—CP)—Military
installations in the Manila area,
feeling the daily might of the Far
Eastern Air Forces heavy bomb
ers, were struck for the third time
in as many days on Christmas
Day (Manila time). Forty-four
tons of bombs were dropped on
Clark Field, General MacArthur
reported today.
The bombers met determined re
sistance from at least 50 epemy
interceptors. But escorting fight
ers, again proving their superiori
ty, downed 39 enemy fighters and
probably four more. This brought
the total for two days to 72, with
15 more added to the previous
day’s 1G.
Maj. Thomas Maguire, leading
the close cover of fighters, down
ed three of the Japanese inter
ceptors. He got four more in sub
sequent combats yesterday, to
bring his personal total of kills
to 38.
As the full brunt of the aeriai
warfare shifted to the Manila area
it became increasingly evident the
Japanese were husbanding then
fighter strength. On Mindoro,
where invading Americans are
meeting practically no ground re
sistance, Japanese air reaction
continued light and ineffective
Two of three raiding planes were
destroyed.
Two more enemy planes were
shot down in harassing aids over
Tacloban air field. Leyte, on
Christmas Day.
FORRESTAL CITES
NAVY AIR VICTORY
U. S. Planes Have Succeed
ed In Philippine
Conquest
WASHINGTON, Dec. 26.—(A>'—
The United States has succeeded
in the second phase of the naval
campaign for the Philippines—
the battle with enemy land-based
aircraft, Secretary of the Navy •
Forrestal said today.
Reviewing the recent months of
the Pacific war in a statement,
Forrestal said this second phase
opened with the crushing defeat
of Japanese naval forces late in
October.
“Having driven the Japanese !
fleet from the Philippine area,” 1
he said, “the United States Navy
in the phases of the campaign
since October 25 has been pitted,
r.ot against enemy naval forces
primarily, but against enemy
(Continued on Page Two; Col. 4)
British Carrier Planes
Hit Sumatran Railways;
Oil Terminal Is Fired
SOUTHEAST ASIA COMMAND
HEADQUARTERS, Kandy, Ceylon,
Wednesday, Dec. 27.—(A1)— British
planes opera ung from aircraft
carriers attacked Japanese objec
tives in Sumatra the morning of
December 20, scoring direct hits
on jetties, warehouses and rail
yards, a spec'al Southeast Asia
Command Headquarters communi
que said today.
Avenger aircraft, bombing from
1.500 feet, raided the harbor of
Belawan on the east coast of Su
matra setting fire to an oil tank
and a gasoline tank.
Three Nazi Spies, Found
In Yank Uniforms, Killed
By RICHARD D. MCMILLAN
WITH THE AMERICAN FORCES
N BELGIUM, Dec. 23.— (Correct)
-(UP)—I watched three German
pies die this freezing morning at
he hands of a firing squad of Am
rican military police after a trial
'f several hours on the charge that
hey entered our lines in Ameri
an Army uniforms.
(Executions of the spies were
nnounced Saturday. They drove
hrough the lines in an American
,rmy truck, armed with American
weapons, carrying explosive for
abotage and equipped with a ra
lio.)
In the distance, the American
uns were roaring. We shivered in
he gray haze as we watched the
hree Germans, surrounded by an
rmed guard, march out to die.
They wore American fatigue uni- ‘
forms. '
First to be placed at a firing
post was Officer Candidate Guen- ,
ther Bipling, 24. He was diminu- (
tive and he wore glasses, but the .
officer in charge of the execution ‘
said: ,
"He is tough. He is a real Nazi.’ (
Next came Sgt. Manfred Parnass. 1
He was shivering, from cold not s
fear. He also was 24. As he march
ed from the barracks he looked t
around him every time he heard an (
order issued, and then looked at <
the feet of the guards to make '
sure he would not make a misstep *
in the right and left turns toward 1
the firing posts. t
Last was Cpl. Wilhelm Schmidt, j
(Continued on Page Eight; Col. 6) jd
Sfanks Backed
Against Bank
Of River Line
New Surge Carries To
Within Four Miles Of
Driant Fort i
LONDON, Dec. 26. —(UP)—
Gen. Dwiglit D. Eisenhower,
may be given the honorary
rank of Field Marshal of Bri
tain, It was learned reliably to
day. Such a title must be hon
orary, it was pointed out, since*
An American citizen cannot ac
cept such an actual rank from
a foreign government.
PARIS, Wednesday, Dec.
27 —(UP)— German power
generated by two and possi
bly three armies has broken
loose in a new 11-mile surge
to within four miles of the
fortress of Dinant on the
Meuse, opening the battle for
that river barrier against
American Doughboys who
last night were reported
fighting with their backs to
• i i i
u.s uiunve.
Advance German elementi also
had penetrated within eight miles
of the .French bolder and reach
ed within 14 mi-cs of the Meuse
stronghold of Namur after linking
their two main spearheads across
Belgium as part of a solid, 35
mile break-through front. The
maximum penetration of Belgium
was approaching 60 miles.
Allied authorities last night said
that as of Monday noon, 36 hours
earlier, the Germans had not ar
rived at the Meuse itself “in any
strength.’
(This phraseology would indicate
hat enemy reconnaissance ele
ments already may have reached
the river.)
Air observers reported that in a
hird westward extension of their
front, the Germans had reached
the Smuid area in a five-mile ad
vance from St. Hubert, which lies
11 miles southeast of Richemont,
iump-off point for the thrusts to
ward Namur and Dinant.
Against the Wehrmacht’s all-or
lothing offensive, now believed to
lave been planned during Adolf
Hitler’s recent seclusion, the Allies
were exerting all possible pressure
on the flanks and front reports said
a novel defense was being applied
in the fluid center.
This was said to envisage throw*
mg up a powerful line before th®
(Continued on Page Three; Coi. 2),
\7
GERMAN SUPPLY
LINES POUNDED
BY YANKS, RAF,
AN ADVANCED NINTH AM
ERICAN AIR FORCE BASS
ON THE WESTERN FRONT,
Dec. 25.—(Correct)—(UP)—Pi
lots of Col. R?% Stecker’s Hell
Hawk Thunderbolt squadron re
turned today from a low-flying
bombing and strafing mission.
Ground crews reported that
they removed from the planes
chicken feathers, fence wirs
and part of a family wash.
LONDON, Dec. 26. — (IP) — Am
trican and British fcombers and
ighters today hit communication
md supply lines and attacked Ger
nan troop concentrating partisi
>ating in the Nazi offensive, carry
ng all-out aerial support of the Al
ied ground armies into the fourth
traight day.
A force .if 150 heavy bombers
d the U.S. EigVgh Air Force struek
he Coblenz area and retumtd
vithout a loss. A communique said
nost of the 500 escorting fighters
encountered no enemy planes but
ne Thunderbolt group ba’ttlsd
bout 20 Messerschmitts northeast
f Malmedy. Reports on this skir
nish were incomplete tonight An
ther Mustang group met four'Gsr
nan interceptors near Bonn and
hot down three.
After American planes had st
acked behind the lines, RAF Lan
asters and Halifax bombers in the
fternoon flew to the St. Vith area
/here, escorted by Tactical 'Air
’orce Spitfires, they dropped high
xplosives directly on concentra
ions of German troops and armor
Resistance by the German :ir
free slacked off today after three
ays of stiff ah battles.
*

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