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The Wilmington morning star. [volume] (Wilmington, N.C.) 1909-1990, December 28, 1944, FINAL EDITION, Image 1

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1 * W ' rfTt+t' * I REMEMBER
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1°"1 77 ~Na 292^ WILMINGTON, N. C., THURSDAY, DECEMBER 28, 1944 ""___FINAL EDITION _
American Attack Relieves Bastogne Garrison;;
Japanese Can^r Sunk By Yank Submarines;!
Greeks Agree % o Regency Under King George
Governor Says
Army To Sell
Davis Shortly
Local Camp May Be Used
For Other Purposes
By U. S.
RALEIGH, Dec. 27—'(/P)—
Camp Davis, the huge anti
aircraft artillery base near
Wilmington, will be sold or
salvaged as surplus property
as soon as the evacuation of
troops from it has been com
p’eted, Governor Broughton
said he was advised today.
The Governor said he was advis
ed by Brig. Gen. R. L. Fowler,
0f the War Department’s divis’on
o: engineering, that the State would
have an opportunity to take over
the facilities at the base after
Federal agencies had been given a
like opportunity. Should the base
not be utilized by either, the Gover
nor said .the War Department will
sell it to private interests or sal
vage it.
Ger.. Fowler ,,a.d that troops now
occupying the base were being eva
cuated and that the evacuation
would be completed soon.
The camp, located in an area of
swamplands between Wilmington
and Jacksonville, was built in 1941
at a cost of more than $40,000,000
f. r use as an anti-aircraft training
base. An artillery section later was
a''ded
The Governor said he had con
tacted the various State agencies
which “might be interested in the
facilities there” and that such
agencies would deal directly with
the War Department ‘‘should they
decide to attempt to procure it.”
The complete evacuation of all
ground forces and service units
from Camp Davis is expected to
be ended by December 31, it was
announced recently.
The announcement by Governor
Broughton does not mean that the
camn will be sc’d as surplus Im
mediately, it was learned here last
r^ht from authoritative quarters.
The general pro 'edure of the Army
n such cases is to offer the facili
ties to the Air Forces. Navy, or
Veterans’ Administration after
troops have been evacuated.
In the event that none of the
agencies desires to use the camp,
the State will have an opportunity
t" utilize it. If none of these groups
takes it over, it then will be salvag
ed
It was learned that there was
some likelihood of Camp Davis
b“:n? put to another Federal use
shortly but no announcement could
he made last night.
COUNCIL DISCUSSES
TEWE-SHIFT PLAN
FOR POLICE FORCE
Suggestions that the Wilming
ton police department be placed
or three eight-hour shifts, that
members be exchanged from day
snd night duty every 30 days, and
that the ‘‘entire department be put
on a seniority basis” were made
yesterday by City Councilmen, but
no action to create any changes
was taken.
The Council appeared divided in
its upinior on the operation of the
nolice staff, after Council Robert
R Romeo brought up the subject
with the assertion, "I’d like to
see the men either swap around
bom light and day duty every 30
days or put the entire department
or. the seniority basis.”
This brought a suggestion from
Garland S. Currin that ‘\pvery
body be put on three eight-hour
shifts. whereupon Edgar L. Yow
interposed with "I think this is
En administrative duty and not
for discussion by the Council, i
recommend it be left up to the
City Manager and Chief of Police.
Romeo exclaimed, “I think they
ought to know the wishes of the
Council,”
Under the present set-up, po
'Icemen are employed on twc
shifts, the hours arranged so that
=' no time is one-half of the stafl
on duty,
following up his suggestion for
hree shifts, Currin queried City
Manager A C. Nichols as to the
number of additional men this
Id require, and to the answei
I
■md on Page Three; Col. 1
Athens Sniper Fires
At Winston Churchill
Move Expected To Stop Bloodshed And
Permit People To Select Government Of
Own Choosing In Orderly Manner
ATHENS, Dec. 27. — (UP) — Greek representatives
seeking to end the three-weeks’ old civil strife in Greece
voted unanimously tonight to form a regency under King
George immediately in a move expected to bring the blood
shed to a halt and permit the Greek people to select their
LLOYD GEORGE, 81,
PLANS TO RETIRE
Famous British Statesman
Will Leave Seat In
Commons
LONDON, Dec. 27.—(UP)—Dav
id Lloyd George, World War I
Prime Minister and for 54 years
a member of the House of Com
mons, disclosed today that he is
retiring from Parliament on t h e
advice of his physicians. He will
be 82 January 17 and for several
years his health has been some
what impaired.
Announcement of his decision to
retire was made by E. P. Evans,
chairman of the Carnarvon Bor
oughs Liberal Association, who
said the aged Liberal Party lead
er would not seek reelection in the
coming general election. Lloyd
George has represented the Car
narvon (Wales) district in Parlia
ment without a break since he was
elected in 1890 by a margin of 18
votes, at the age of 27.
Since 1929, he has been the “fath
er" of the House of Commons, un
official title of the member with
the longest service in that body.
No member of the House ever serv
ed so long without a break.
The “Welsh Wizard,” as the Brit
ish Press called him for a genera
tion, will leave his family well rep
resented in Parliament, however.
His son, Maj. Gwilym Lloyd
George, has been member from
Pembroke since 1922, except for
the period 1924-29, and his daugh
ter, Megan Lloyd George, has been
member from Anglesey-since 1929.
All three are Liberals.
Although living in semi-retire
ment for a number of years, Lloyd
George kept his memory fresh with
the public through his war mem
(Continued on Page Three; Col. 1)
’vnu guvcimiicm xix an uxuci xj
way.
There was no discussion of a
truce pending appointment of a
regency, so the fighting continued.
Prime Minister Winston Church
ill, who called the conference_ nar
rowly escaped death or injury this
morning for the second time when
a sniper’s bullet whizzed past .him
on the street and struck a gi. -1.
Yesterday a dynamite cache was
found beneath the hotel, used by
the British as their headquarters.
The conference, which had been
on the verge of collapsing when
representatives rejected settlement
terms submitted by the revolting
left-wing EAM, agreed unanimous
ly on the forming of a regency,
though a small minority favored
postponing immediate formation.
The conference, called by Prime
Minister Winston Churchill who
flew to Athens in a surprise move
to halt the civil war, was adjourn
ed by the Arcnbishop of Greece
and will not be reconvened until
such a meeting again is deemed
advisable.
Churchill was not perturbed by
the shooting and climbed into his
armo/ed car witTi Gen. Har Id
Alexander, British commander-in
chief in the Mediterranean. An am
bulance picked up the wounded
girl who, it was understood, died
later.
The Prime Minister held a leng
thy press conference in the big
red embassy building this after
noon while British cannon firing
into the eastern ELAS-held sec
tion of Athens made the building
tremble, but correspondents’ cables
were held up temporarily for a
check against a censored version
of his statements.
Throughout the conference, Chur
chill wore the overcoat of an air
commodore and his voice sound
ed as if he were very tired or as if
he had a slignt cold.
He answered questions freely and
frankly on Ihe Greek situation.
Correspondents were given only
15 minutes warning before the con
ference and were searched :
weapons as they entered the em
(Continued on Page Three; Col. 8)
Nazi Striking Power
Believed Underrated
SUPREME HEADQUARTERS
ALLIED EXPEDITIONARY
FORCE, Paris, Dec. 27.—(fP)—An
outright underestimation of Ger
man striking power, coupled with
either a failure to learn of, or to
appreciate, von Rundstedt s mo
bile reserve movements behind
the lines, appeared more than ever
today to be the major factors be
hind this first serious Allied set
back since the successful invasion
of Europe.
That would seem to place the
responsibility for the Nazi break
through high up in the Allied staff
and to suggest that any important
shakeup in the command — none
has materialized as yet — would
amount to finding a scapegoat.
However, the forthright Allied
battle boss, Gen. Dwight D. Eisen
hower, has shown no inclination to
Hunt for scapegoats, either here, or
previously during his command of
the Mediterranean theater. In this
respect it can be recalled that the
Allied commander displayed
square-fisted directness in support
ing his generals right down the line
from Field Marshal Montgomery
on back in the days when slow
progress around Caen brought
some public criticism of his Brit
ish colleague.
Obviously, as a result of the Na
zi counterattack, certain Allied
troop-shifts have been made. When
the enemy broke through, his for
ces were runningvvild against al
most no oppostiion. Now they are
meeting a real opponent. German
natrols have been probing our lines
from the Maas to the Rhine in an
effort to find out how the Allied
I lines were bolstered. But there is
no intention here to hand them
such vital information on a platter.
It is clear, however, that the Al
lied command was caught napping
more by the force of von Rund
stedt’s blow than by the fact one
was delivered. All of which makes
tr seem quite certain that someone
somewhere made the grievous mili
tary mistake of uder^stimating
the enemy.
Headquarters correspon
dents were told before the break
through occurred that sometime
during the winter the Germans
might be expected to try a count
eroffensive. And one of the areas
where such a Nazi blow was re
garded as likely was through the
Ardennes forest region into Luxem
bourg and Belgium. Despite this,
von Rundstedt pulled one army out
of. the line, moved at least one and
possibly two others up from re
serve, and flung them into a gap
ing front zone where the Dough
boy screen was so thin it obvious
ly never was intended for halting
anything fn real strength.
(Associated Press Correspondent
Wes Gallagher with the U. S. for
ces in Belgium, reported in a de
layed dispatch today that prior to
the German breakthrough, news
men at the front had been told
that the Ardennes forest was not
a good spot for a winter offensive
and that it was being used as a
sort of "rest sector’ by both the
Germans and Americans.
(American officials, who believ
ed the morale of Nazi troops was
eytromebr low. +hon<yht -^on Pun't
stedt had Dracticajly no strategic
reserves left for a major attack
(Continued on Page Three; Col. 4)
«.
U. S. Raiders
Add 26 Other
Ships To Bag
Forrestal Announces Name
Of American Destroyer
Lost
WASHINGTON, Dec. 27.—
(UP)—American submarines
scoring a jackpot hit against
Japan’s dwindling naval
power, were revealed today to
have sunk a large aircraft
carrier and 26 other ships
during recent strikes in “Far
Eastern waters.”
The latest bag included a con
verted light cruiser, a destroyer,
two escort vessels, two destroyer
transports, three transports, 13 car
go ships, two cargo transport and
A few hours later, the Navy re
vealed that the U. S. destroyer re
cently announced lost off Ormoc,
Leyte, was the modern 2,200-t o n
Cooper which was commissioned
last March, and also announced
the loss of the landing craft LSM
20 in same waters. They brought
to 11 the number of U. S. vessels
sunk or destroyed in the Philip
pines campaign to date and to 238
the total of American naval craft
lost since Pearl Harbor.
Secretary of the Navy James V.
Forrestal said that the submarine
haul, which raised to 934 the num
ber of Jap vessels sunk by subma
rines since Pearl Harbor, has
boosted to more than 3,500,000 tons
the total of enemy shipping sunk
by the undersea raiders.
He said he could not reveal now
any details about the sinking of
the carrier — the first definitely
known to have been sunk by Amer
ican submarines which previously
had chalked up two as probably
sunk and two others as damaged.
He commented, however, that this
was “hitting at one of the most
painful spots on the Japanese body
at the moment.’
Meanwhile, Fleet Admiral Ernest
J. King, who this week completes
his first three years as Command
er in Chief of the U. S. Fleet, told
Forrestal’s new conference that the
Navy’s record in the past three
years speaks for itself—and “in the
(Continued on Page Three; Col. 4)
Bonomi Urges Use
Of More Italians
To Fight Germans
ROME, Dec. 27.—(/P)~ Premier
Ivanoe Bonomi, declaring the Ger
man Western Front offensive clear
ly shows increased effort is nec
essary for “common victory,” pro
Dosed today That more than six
Italian divisions be thrown against
the Germans in Italy, and that
they fight on one sector as a na
tional unit.
National Income Sets
Record Of 159 Billion
WASHINGTON, Dec. 27.— (A*) -
The national income broke all rec
ords again in 1944, stepping up to
approximately $159,000,000,000, the
Commerce Department announced
today.
But it added that the Nation now
has passed the peak of its war
time economic activity.
Business hit the top early in the
year and- leveled off.
Commerce Department experts
don’t think 1945 will be as active.
Here are the official estimates
for 1944—all new records:
1. “National product”: 197 bil
lion dollars. This is defined as all
income earned by individu Vs
through participation in production
(wages, salaries, dividends, inter
est). Last year it was 147.9 billion.
In 1939 it was 70.8 billion.
3. "Income payments to indivi
duals”: 155 billion dollars. In some
ways this is a better economic
yardstick than “national income”
because it consists of money ac
tually received by individuals. It
doesn’t include the retained earn
ings of corporations. It does in
elude Social Secruity benefits and
payments to dependents of service
men, which aren’t a part of “na
tional income.”
Income payments last year were
142.3 billion. In 1939 they happened
to be the same as nation income,
70.8 billion.
A Commerce Department econo
mist broke down the 1944 figure
of 197 billion dollars in “national
product” this way: *
War purchases—85 billion.
Consumer spending—96.6 billion
(a new record, announced last
week).
Governmental non-war spending
—13 bii-.on.
“Private capital formation”—2.6
billion.
(Total—197.2 billion.)
“Private capital formation” is a
technical term for such items as
private construction, private pur
chases of machinery and other pro
ducers' goods, and changes In bus
iness inventories and foreign trade
balance.
The Commerce Department said
that net income of farm operators
and other unincorporated business
showed only small gains over 1943.
JUBIC -_~_ * DINAIUPIHAN
OLONGAPO -- ~ ^
HERMOSA J
y
ORANI
FSUBIC BAYMI. SANTA ROSA
- —
[bataan” peninsula ...
\ MORON ; : ‘ V; BAIANGA
___ --'^-^’I.IMAY
- MT. BATAAN
■v. As American forces consolidate their positions o n Mindoro, the island just below Luzon on which
Manila and its approaches are located, the area on the map takes on vital importance. Here it was that
American defenders fought a gallant battle against overwhelming Japanese forces at the beginning of
the war—and here it is that American planes are po uring tons of destructive bombs on enemy installa
tions, ships, barracks, and other targets in the strug gle now being waged to recapture the Philippines.
Names familiar at the start of the war once again m ake their appearance in the daily headlines.
TOKYO IS ROCKED
FOR 90 MINUTES
UNDER B-29 RAID
21st BOMBER COMMAND. SAI
PAN, Dec. 27.—(A3)—Taking advan
tage of the first really clear weath
er they have found over Tokyo, a
sizable force of Superfortresses
bombed the teeming industrial
sector of Japan’s largest city for
an hour and a half today.
One B-29 was lost over the tar
get, but the Superforts in turn
shot down perhaps the greatest
number of enemy planes yet de
stroyed over Honshu.
Crewmen reported that large
fires were started. First photos
failed to disclose the extent of
this damage.
The Japanese employed s new
defense technique by setting off
smudge pots for a smoke screen,
but the fliers described the maneu
ver as unsuccessful.
The attaching force was similar
in size to that making the first
Tokyo raid November 24 when.
Brig. Gen. Haywood Hansell, Jr.,
declared, some formations inflict
eo' damage ‘which you can easily
envisage if something like 150 tons
of high explosives hit the water
front areas of New York or San
Francisco.”
(Continued on rage Three; Col. 6)
Yanks Sink Six Enemy
Warships Off Mindoro
GENERAL MacARTHUR’S HEADQUARTERS, Philip
pines, Thursday, Dec. 28.—</P)—The battle for the central
Philippines flared into action the night of December 26
when a Japanese battle task force steamed in from the
China Sea and subjected the 11-day-old American positions
on Mindoro Island to what Gen. Douglas MacArthur’s com
ill U.IIJ.V4 WG Utov-nuou -,
and inaccurate shelling.”
American planes, Mitchells and
Thunderbolts, and Navy P-T boats
drove off the enemy ships.
The communique said three of
the six enemy destroyers in the
shelling force were sunk and a bat
tleship and cruiser fled with the
remaining three destroyers after
being damaged.
This belated enemy reaction to
the virtually unopposed American
occupation of Mindoro December
15 was discovered at dusk Decem
ber 26.
The American bombers and
fighters took off from newly con
structed air strips on Mindoro to
launch their vicious attack on the
enemy warships, steaming in from
the direction of the setting sun.
Despite the air attacks, the Japa
nese force held to its course and
early night brought the ships off
southwest Mindoro. They then
shelled the coast.
Until shortly before midnight,
the crash of exploding American
bombs and the rattle of small guns
from the torpedo boats and low
level strafers mingled with salvos
from the Japanese warships.
The planes and PT boats pur
sued the enemy in moonlight and
saw at least two of the Japanese
(Continued on Pa,. Three; Col. 4)
NAZIS’ BUDAPEST
DEFENSE IS SPLIT
BY RUSSIAN DRIVE
LONDON, Thursday, Dec. 28. —
(UP)—Red Army troops, battling
through Budapest’s streets ir
house-to-house fighting with cracit
Nazi force's who were under orders
to make a “Stalingrad” stand, yes
terday smashed to within twc
miles of the city center and split
its fanatical defenders into t-.vc
groups.
Russian tanks and infantry,
pressing the enemy back block bj
block through 1he smoke-shroudec
and burning city, by last night hac
captured roughly eight of the Hung
arian capital’s 80 square miles.
Moscow’s communiques indicat
ed that the Russians, smashing intc
the city from the southwest alonj
the west bank of the Danube, hac
won control of the western end o;
the southernmost of six barricadec
bridges across the river linkini
Buda and Pest.
The city also was apparentlj
without light and power. Twenty
seven miles to the west, Red Ar
my forces „to;med into Banhida.
site of one of the capital’s mair
electric supplv stations.
(Continued on Page Three; Col. 5)
Joe, A Talkative Fellow,
Loses His VoiceFor Once
By ROBERT VERMILLION
WITH THE FIFTH ARMY IN
ITALY, Dec. 27.—(UP) -Sgt. Joe
McAleer blinked his eyes, yawned
and squinted into the beam of my
flashlight. I was shaking his shoul
der and yelling at him.
“Huh?” he finally muttered.
“Wake up, Joe, and congratula
tions. You’re the father of a baby
girl, born last Wednesday,” I told
him.
And Joe, the most loquacious
guy in his outfit, couldn’t think of
a thing to say.
It was Christmas Eve, the first
time I saw Joe, up here atop
Monte Belmonte, and he confided
that his wife, who lives in Brook
lyn, N. Y., was expecting a baby
on Christmas Day. She had writ
ten that it might be twins, be
cause her physician had detected
a double heart beat. Joe was a
little anxious and upset.
When the story reached New
York, a check was made and Mrs
McAleer was found to have be
come the mother of a healthy babv
daughter a week ago today. The
news was flashed back and to
night I climbed back up the moun
tain to tell him about his daugh
ter.
Joe sat up and rubbed his eyes.
“Yeah?” he asked, a little dazedly
Then—and you could almost see it
trickling into his mind—he real
(Continued on Page Three; Col. 6)
Yanks Seize.
Initiative In'
Furious Drive j
1 i
p
Base Of German Corridor »
Narrowed To Under l
20 Miles
LONDON, Thursday, Dee,
28—(JP)—American troops in t
a tremendous comeback of- t
fensive against both sides of
the German salient in Bel- i
gium have narrowed the nech ■
of the enemy position to less j
than 20 miles in width and re- 3
lieved the gallant beleaguered i
garrison of Bastogne, it wai
disclosed late last night in a >
flurry of Allied and enemy /
announcements. i
Apprently getting into high gear •'
for the first time since the daring *,
Nazi counteroffensive caught them *
by surprise December 16, the in- •
furiated Americans had robbed the *
enemy of the initiative and gained '
as much as five miles in a day, i
these dispatches indicated. j
These were the highspots: ’
Supreme Headquarters in Paris
confirmed Brussels and Luxem- '
bourg radio flashes that the Amer- '
ican garrison of the Belgian town
of Bastogne, which had been en
circled and under attack since De
cember 20, had been relived and
the siege raised.
American tanks, which were five
miles south of Bastogne 24 hours
previously, burst deep into the Ger
man bulge and linked up with the
besieged force which had spurned
German demands for surrender
and had knocked out 27 enemy
tanks in its week of isolated bat
tle. A dispatch from Supreme
Headquarters said the relieving for
ces were of considerable size.
The Allied - controlled Luxem
bourg radio said the base of the
German corridor had been narrow
ed to less than 20 miles, and this
was almost exactly the mileage
from Bastogne northward' to last
reported Allied positions on the
northern side near Lierneux.
A late night field dispatch told
of continued clear weather that
gave American planes and artillery
full scope against the German lines
in both Belgium and Luxembourg,
with the 19th Tactical Air Com
mand alone reporting at least 24
enemy tanks and 116 motor ve
American artillery, aided by ex
cellent observation, was extremely
active and completely outweighed
the German gunfire, said this dis
patch from Associated Press Cor
respondent Lewis Hawkins. He said
the Germans who took St. Hubert,
15 miles due west of Bastogne,
were seen mining roads, blowing
bridges and setting up road blocks.
This is a usual defensive action,
not the tactics of an army that
expects to continue advancing.
Another front dispatch during the
night said the American Dough
boys and tanks had given the Nazi
(Continued on Page Three; Col. 'i)
__
GERMAN RAILHEADS
POUNDED BY 2,500
ALLIED WARPLANES
LONDON, Thursday, Dec. 28. —
(UP)— Nearly 2,500 Allied war.
planes, spearneaded by 600 U. S.
heavy bombers, hit seven rail tar
gets, shot down 68 German planes
and knocked out 146 enemy tank*
yesterday in the fifth straight day
of attacks against the Nazi counter
offensive.
The unceasing assaults were 'M
rected mainly 'at Euskirchen, Kai
serslautern, Aderach, Homburg
and Gerolstein, all immediately
behind the battle front, and at
Fulda 54 miles southeast of Kas
sel, which were blasted by the
American heaw bomber force at
tacking rail bridges, freight yard*
and junctions. Escorted RA,F Lan
casters joined -he daylight assault
by blasting Rheydt, major Ger
man transport center in the Ruhr.
More than 400 American fight t
planes escorting the bombers shot
'V>v7n 29 enemy fighters in a blaz
ing battle with 300 German inter
ceptors southwest of Bonn in the
Eighth’s only major aerial engage
ment. None of the bomber forces
••as molested by German planes
and they encountered only meager
to moderate anti-aircraft fire.
:■ f

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