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The Wilmington morning star. [volume] (Wilmington, N.C.) 1909-1990, December 29, 1944, FINAL EDITION, Image 1

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I"" +f + 4 * OLA. I BEMEMBEB I
tlmtmjlmt anting mar sSr I
Patton Breaks Back Of Nazis’ Winter Drive;
Within 92 Miles Of Vienna;
efuses To Accept U. S. Seizure
Air Force Held
Davis Hospital
Local Camp Ordered To
Remain Open Pending
i'he Army Air Forces have
placed a formal request for
use of Camp Davis, especially
hospital f a c i 1 it i e s , It was
learned from a reliable source
in Washington yesterday.
Representative .. Bayard Clark,
in an interview with Allen J.
Green. Star-News Washington cor
respondent. announced yesterday
that the War Department had ord
ered the big anti-aircraft artillery
center to remain open pending a
further investigation.
It was revealed that the House
Military Affairs Committee is con
sidering a report, in which future
use of the camp is urged by the
committee's chief investigator and
Col. Adam E. Potts, camp com
It was emphasized in the House
report that Camp Davis was con
structed in pre-priority days, when
the supply of construction mate
rials was not limited.
A repor" from Col. Potts averred
that “c' all the station hospitals
in the Fourth Service command,
the station hospital at Camp Da
vis ran'.s first in health condi
tions. C. mp Davis also has one
of the lowest maintenance cost
lates in the command,” the re
port added.
“Col. Potts does not like the
idea of having such a splendid
camp with such splendid facilities
remain out of operation,” the re
port continued, “especially when
such camps are needed and many
others with much inferior facili
ties are being operated and the
committee investigator concurs in
At Camp Davis, Col. Potts an
nounced that he would lower the
flag, which has waved over the
post since 1941. at retreat Sunday
afternoon, and the installation will
be turned over to Brig. Gen. R. L.
Fowler, division engineer in At
Informed later In the day of the
order to keep the camp open, he
said he would go through with the
ceremony, adding that “the re
opening will be a new chapter”
in the camp’s life.
Dismantling ol some of the utili
ties at the camp has been started
but has not advanced to a stage
that will affect the water and
sewerage services to Holly Ridge
residents. Alt-tough definite word
*s to future steps was not avail
able in official quarters this after
noon. it is understood that the
War Department’s new order halts
further activ’tv along this line.
In a teleg.%m to R. B Page,
Publisher of “he Star-News, Felix
A Grisette. Chapel Hill, of the
State Planning Board, reported
that he bad been advised that any
j (Continued on Page Two; Col. 1)
tl'P i— Army troops have been
tailed to the cargo port here tc
help load vessels whose sailings
the fighting fronts with critical
ly-needed supplies were threaten
ed with delay Dy holiday absentee
hm among longshoremen, Col.
Alex M. MacNabb, port comman
der, announced today.
MacNabb said the troops, com
prising a stevedore battalion oi
the Army Transportation Corps,
’■'"HI arrive '..-ere from New York
He said the action was taken fol
lowing a meeting with Paul Baker
Rice president of the Internationa!
Longshoremen Association, anc
^presented a lasT resort to main
t»in ship sailing schedules.
"During the holiday season, w«
hiive been able to obtain only 5(
®er cent of the required Steve
"ores." MacNabb said, “holidays
#l no holidays, the war continues
*nd our ships must sail in order t<
badly needed supplies to oui
ffien on the fighting fronts.”
, ~he troops are trained in th«
Lading and unloading of ships anc
normally would be used for tha'
Purpose overseas, MacNabb said
FDR Orders Soldiers \
To Take Over Plants
Sewell Avery Remains At Office And Bitterly
Disputes President’s Edict; Occupation
Completed Within 30 Minutes
CHICAGO, Dec, 28—(UP)—The Army took over plants
and stores of Montgomery Ward and Co. in seven cities to
day, acting under orders from President Roosevelt, but
Sewell Avery, board chairman of the mail order firm, re
fused to accept the Government seizure.
The defiant Avery remained in his office in the Chicago
headquarters until the 5 p.m. closing hour, leaving at that
Pan American Union To
Be Ignored By Mexico
City Meeting
Secretary of State Edward R. Stet
tinius, Jr., will head the United
States delegation to the forthcom
ing meeting in Mexico City of
“delegates of the United and As
sociated Nations of the Americas”
which, for the first time since
1938, will ignore the Pan Ameri
can Union, it was disclosed to
The conference, to be held ap
proximately February 1 to Febru
ary 15, will replace the consulta
tive meeting of American foreign
ministers which Argentina has re
quested through the Pan American
Union to consider problems of the
Buenos Aires government’s “inter
national relations.”
Neither Argentina nor el Salva
dor will be invited. Were the Pan
American Union consulted and its
procedural machinery used, an in
vitation would have to be extend
ed to both countries because they
are members of it.
Groundwork for the conference
—the first ever planned without
prior consultation with the govern
ing board—will be laid tomorrow
at a meeting here of State De
partment officials and ambassa
dors of friendly Latin-American
Purpose of the “junta of ambas
sadors” is to arrange to by-pass
(Continued on Page Two; Col. 1)
—A young man appeared at the
FBI office here today and volun
teered a confession that he killed
Georgette Bauerdorf, 20, Holly
wood oil heiress, in her apartment
last October, but police regarded
his story with skepticism.
Police Inspector Frank Ahern
said the man, who gave the name
of John Lehman Sumter told him
he had spent some time in a men
tal hospital, that he was discharg
ed from the Navy in 1940 for men
tal disability, and that he sub
sequently had joined the Army and
later served two years in Lea
venworth prison for forgery.
He said he had accosted Miss
Bauerdorf on the street, begging
money for coffee, and she ha
taken him to Ocean Beach and
later to her apartment, where he
killed her when she resisted his
Ahern said there were discre
pancies in the story and that whan
he asked the man to describe how
he killed the girl he repeatedly
referred to the account in a detec.
tive magazine he brought with
him, saying Ahern could “read aR
about it in there.” *
Sumter was booked on an open
charge, held for Los Angeles au
Nat J. L. Pieper, Federal Bureau
of Investigation chief here, said
the man first appe. red at his of
fice .with the voluntary confession
He said he was bom at Cutbbert.
Ga., August 26, 1922. Pieper turn
ed him over to police.
The nearly nude body of Miss
Bauerdorf was found last October
| 12 in the bathtub of her sister’s
apartment where she was living
while her family was in the east.
An autopsy disclosed she had
been criminally attacked and
WtWIVUb tuiuuiuJ t CAucpt 1U1
an earlier formal statement in
which he refused to give up man
agement of the concern and bitter
ly disputed the legality of the
Government action.
After his departure, Army offic
ers also left the plant. A few min
utes earlier, seven new Army of
ficials had arrived, apparently in
tending to spend the night in Av
ery’s office.
Occupation of the plant was com
pleted this morning within 30 min
utes, soldiers posting placards pro
claiming that the facilities of the
firm were the property of the U.
S. Government.
The Government seizure, order
ed by the President at 10:50 a. m„
was equally swift in other Ward
properties in Detroit; Jamaica, N.
Y,; St. Paul, Minn.; Denver; San
Rafael, Gal., and Portland, Ore.
Mr. Roosevelt, in a statement on
the seizure, said the confidence of
its decisions by the head of one of
the greatest corporation of this
country — Sewell Avery, chairman
of the board of Montgomery Ward
and company.’
Avery and company attorneys
had rejected a War Labor Board
directive ordering it to accept
maintenance of union membership
by the United Mail Order Ware
house and Retail Employes Union
(CIO) and to grant wage increases,
retroactive in several cases by
more than two years.
Wards had maintained that the
WLB only had the power to advise
and no legal authority to enforce
its directives.
Avery, following a lengthy con
ference this afternoon with Maj.
Gen. Joseph W. Byron and other
Army officers ordered to take ov
er the Chicago plant, issued a
statement asserting that Wards
“cannot in good citizenship accept
or obey the commands of those
who have no legal power to give
them and who are seeking to de
prive Wards of its Constitutional
rights and liberties.*
“The Congress, which is the sole
lawmaking authority under the
ConsMtution. has given the Presi
dent no power to seize the non
war business of Montgomery
Ward,’’ he said.
Shortly after the seizure became
effective. Government attornyes
filed a petition in Federal Court
(Continued on Page Three; Col. 5)
- - 1
Awaits War’s End
Munching a piece of stale bread,
Charalambros M. Makris is seated
on the only remaining beam in the
ruins of his home in the Pelopon
nesus area of Athens, Greece. Of
ficial OWI photo. (International)
Liquidation Of Fleet Prob
able Within a Year,
He Says
QUARTERS, Pearl Harbor, Dec
28.— (UP) —The Japanese fleel
probably will be liquidated withir
a year if “the present rate of at
trition is maintained,’ Vice Adm
Marc A. Mitscher, veteran of fas'
carrier task force operations, saic
today on his return to the Pacific
Mitscher expressed h i s opinioi
that "by next summer the Jap:
will be sitting on a decidedly un
easy seat in their empire’ as hi
predicted that the enemy’s fleet
will be cleaned up in another year
Admitting that many thing;
could happen to either shorten o:
prolong the war, including the pos
ibility of another fleet action witl
the Japanese, he said:
“They’ve reached the p o i n
where they’ll throw in everything
I think in another year we shouli
have their navy cleaned up. If w<
can’t get them into a sea fight, wi
will be in a position to get aftei
them with Army and Navy bomb
While the admiral insisted tha
he was not indulging in prediction
he smiled with confidence of thi
eventual result of the Pacific bat
What job Mitscher has been giv
en still is a naval secret that th<
enemy probably would like tc
know, but it is permissible to saj
that he has been reassigned to this
(Continued on Page Three; Col. 1)
Stimson Is Confident
Of Disaster^ For Nazis
WASHINGTON, Dec. 28.—(UP)—
Secretary of Wa Henry L. Stim
son, reporting "some very impor
tant” Allied gains in Belgium and
Luxembourg during the past two
days, voiced confidence today that
the Allies are winning their crucial
Western Front test and said “time
will reveal that this German throw
of the dice will have disastrous
consequences for him.”
On the darker side was disclo
sure that announced American war
casualties have jumped 65,973 in
the past two weeks. The increase
does not take into account the ad
mittedly heavy casualties suffered
in the fierce fighting since the
Germans launched their counter-of
fensive December 16.
With Army figures running only
through December 14. the-overall
total of U. S. combat casualties for
all services was listed as 628,441,
including 134,143 killed, 355,877
wounded, 75,772 missing and 63,
649 prisoners of war.
Assessing the Western Front
fighting, Stimson said that Allied
gains in the past two days were
registered in attacks on both the
northern and southern flanks of the
base of the German wedge. He
said that instead of the Germans
being able to expand the base—
which he termed a necessary pre
liminary to any further appreci
able Nazi advances westward—A1
lied attacks have compressed it!
width to 20 miles.
Warning that it is too early tc
predict what additional forces thi
enemy can muster, he said, how
ever, that “for the past two day
the Germans’ gains have been neg
libible and their losses in men am
armored vehicles heavy. On the A1
lied side, gains, some very impor
tant, have been made along botl
flanks of the salient.
“Meanwhile, our attacking for
ces are increasing m strength and
organization. The enemy has com-_
mitted almost all of his crack Pan.
zer divisions to the battle.”
While there still remains the pos- f
siblitity of diversionary thrusts, lie
said, the enemy must renew his ’
assault with a tremendous effort
—‘‘he has no choice; most of the
cards are on the table.’’
Stimson lauded the valor of
American fighting men and also
praised the part played by the Air
He also paid tribute to the Amer
ican press and radio commentators
and reporters for their “restraint
and freedom from yielding to the
temptation to make violent citi
(Continued on Page Two; Col. 5)
Soviet Units
In Budapest
Nearing Goal
Bloody Street Fighting
Rages; Tovaros Is
LONDON, Dec. 28—(£>)—
Russian troops captured 12
more eastern suburbs of
Budapest today, one of them
six miles from the heart of
the city, as other units swept
on westward to within 58
miles of the Austrian fron
tier and 92 miles from
Vienna, Austrian capital.
The Russians were only two
miles from the eastern city limits
of Budapest.
As shock troops of two power
ful Red armies fought in the
streets of the half of Budapest on
the west bank of the river and
through the eastern suburbs, the
others pushed on westward along
both sides of the Danube where in
curves westward between Hung
ary and Czechoslovakia toward
Marshal Rodion Y. Malinovsky’s
Second Ukraine Army striking
north of the great river reached
the Hron (Garam) river on a 30
mile front from Leva (Levice)
down to the Danube, thus reach'
ing points within 65 miles east cf
Bratislava, Slovak capital, and SB
miles from Vienna.
Simultaneously, below the riv?r
in Hungary, elements of Marshal
Feodor I. Tolbukhin’s Third
Ukraine Army drove 34 mies
northwest of Budapest along :he
main railway to Vienna and cap
tured Tovaros, only 63 miles south
east of Bratislava and 92 miles
i from Vienna.
A total of 3,494 German and
: Hungarian prisoners were taken
during the day’s bloody fighting
, in Hungary and Slovakia, the Mos
; cow communique said.
; Five Yanks Are Shot
And Stomped In Face
By Nazis At Bastogne
—(UP)—An American lieutenanl
and four Doughboys, who had snr
rendered after being surrounded
by the Germans west oi
’ Bastogne, were shot in cold blood
by their Nazi captors who thei
stomped their faces with hobnailed
The story was told by a survivor,
who crawled to American line*
severely wound .d and describee
the atrocity while a doctor treated
| hi's wounds*
There were six in the patro
I which was forced to surrender, the
1 survivor related The German
perfunctorily questioned the mer
and then shot them. When thes
fell to the ground, the Nazis kick
ed them brutally in the face with
their heavy boots.
The survivor said he stifled z
temptation to cry out from pair
from the stomping and played
dead, la.er crawling back to his
own lines.
American authorities said tnej
had checked and verified thi
1,200Big U. S. Planes
Hit 14 Nazi Railheads
Luftwaffe Grounded By Heavy Clouds As
American Liberators And Forts Bomb
Enemy; Four Bombers Lost
LONDON, Friday, Dec. 29—
(UP)—Four powerful fleets of Al
lied heavy bombers, paced by 1,
200 American Fortresses and Lib
erators, attacked ai least 14 rail
centers along the Rhine yester
day, raiding through thick clouds
that grounded the Luftwaffe for
the first time in six successive
days of Allied assaults.
The main blow was struck by the
American bomber fleet, escorted
by 700 fighters, which hit 10 trans
port targets between the Germans'
Belgian battlefront and the Rhine.
Not a single German fighter was
encountered and the raiding fleet
lost only four bombers to ground
fire, with all fighters returning
The day’s heavy bomber as
saults opened at 6 a.m. when a

strong force of RAF Lancasters
smashed rail workshops at Opla
den, 12 miles north of Cologne.
The American fleet devastated its
targets by shortly after noon, and
a second RAt force roared out
in the afternoon to hit Cologne.
A third RAF force of Lancasters
and Halifaxes returned to the at
tack last night with raids on rail
targets at Bonn and Munchen
Gladbach, both vital transporta
tion arteries west of the Rhine
The same overcast conditions
which grounded the Luftwaffe
also kept U. S. Ninth Air Force
tactical planes out of the air. Front
reports said the Ninth failed to
fly a single sortie, although some
few planes of the Second Tactical
(Continued on Page Two; Col. 5)
Pair Expected To Present
Views On Regency
To Greek King
ATHENS, Dec. 28.— (UP) —
Prime Minister Churchill and For
eign Secretary Anthony Eden of
Great Britain have left Athens,
echoing with the gunfire of civil
war, for London where they will
recommend personally to King
George of Greece that he accept
a regency as a preliminary step
to solving the problems of the
strife-torn country, it was an
nounced today.
Before they left, Damaskinos,
archbishop of Athens and Greece,
who presided over a two-day con
ference of Greek leaders sum
moned at Churchill’s request
Tuesday,, told them the conferees
wanted a regency set up immedi
ately as an “essential prelude to
the solution of many other prob
lems before the conference,” ac
cording to a communique from
British Ambassador Reginald
“Mr. Churchill and Mr. Eden
undertook on behalf of His Maj
esty’s government to recommend
their acceptance of this course to
the King of the Hellenes,” said the
communique. Authoritative quar
ters said the two British leaders
may take the matter up personal
ly with King George of Greece
when they reach London.
It was believed the direct action
was designed to overcome the
King’s reported coolness toward a
regency. A regency would replace
the government of Piemier George
Papandreou, which is opposed by
the Greek ELAS, armed forces oi
the Left-Wing EAM, the National
Liberation Front. The British have
supported the Papandreou govern
ment, and their troops are fight
ing the ELAS.
It was understood that Papan
dreou had sent the King his res
ignation and i ged the appoint
ment of a three-member regency
ELAS delegates to the confer
ence reportedly favored establish
(Continued on Page Two; Col. 2) i
\mericans Destroy 20
More Jap Planes At
Clark Field
L,eyte, Philippines, Friday, Dec.
!9.—(UP)—The Allied garrison on
Mindoro Island in the western
Philippines encountered neither
rapanese air nor ground activity
Wednesday in the wake of the
iapanese naval task force attack
ruesday night, it was disclosed.
The Allied communique disclos
ed that 20 Japanese planes, addi
:ional to those previously announc
ed, were destroyed in the bom
oardment of Clark Field in the
Manila area Tuesday, making a
Ihree-day total of 144 enemy planes
wrecked or damaged by Lt. Gen.
George C. Kenney's airmen.
In mopping up operations on
Leyte Island, 912 more Japanese
have been Killed, the communique
It was believed here that the
Japanese might attempt a follow
up on their first naval attack
against Mindoro Tuesday night
despite the losses which Allied
(Continued on Page Two; Col. 1)
Submarine Seawolf
Lost After Taking
Heavy Toll Of Foe
WASHINGTON, Dec. 28.— (/P) -
Loss of the 145-ton submarine Sea
wolf, which had taken a heavy tol
of Japanese shipping was announc
ed today by the Navy which pre
sumed that the crew of at leas
62 men had perished.
It was the 34th submarine anc
the 239th U. S. Naval vessel los
from all causes in this war
American submersibles, however
have sunk 934 Jap ships.
The five-year-old Seawolf, skip
pered by Lt. Cmdr. Albert M. Bon
tier of White Plains, N. Y., wa:
the second submarine of tha
name to meet disaster. The firs
Seawolf ran aground in 1920 on ar
island off lower California anc
sank during salvage operations.
G Is At Bastogne Peeved By Relief
Horning In On Their Nazi Slaughter
(Correct) —(UP)—They said to
■ay they knew their business,
vhich is killing Germans, and
hey were not a little peeved at
lomebody else horning in on the
line-day fight they had waged
gainst encircling German forces
?ho wanted Bastogne and didn’t
set it.
When their ammunition ran low,
tiey just shot a little straighter.
That was what they said, the
American infantrymen who held
He highway town of Bastogne, af
tr American armor broke into the
cty about 5:10 p.m. yesterday in
«relief dash which culminated one
d the most daring armored thrusts
of the war. They admitted they
were glad to see the tanks.
“Of course, we ain’t talking
about armor, mind you,” said T-4
Domonic J. Rochetto, 23, Spring
Valley, N. D., after he and his
buddies had talked of the private
character of the fight. “We are al
ways plenty glad to see armor and
the Air Corps. But we don’t need
no infantry help right onw.”
“Those Germans were too young
for us,” said Pfc. Raymond De
rosier, Hartford, Conn., who ad
mits being 24 years old. “Hell,
they are gust kids. Yesterday, me
and two other guys captured seven
and killed five before they knew
we even were near them.
“It’s all in knowing how, mister.
You just got to learn this fighting
business right.”
Not all the Americans left ii
Bastogne were talking. There wa:
a long line of ambulances fili;|;
away from the city along the opei
highway route, taking priority ov
er incoming supplies, which stil
are arriving by air in part.
Rochetto and his friends leaned
on their Garands in the shadow o:
a shelled building and told how i
felt to fight inside the Bastogn<
“Mostly we minded the rain
snow and cold,” Rochetto said
"God bless them C-47’s and then
Thunderbolts. They really kept ui
going when things got tough.
(Continued on Page Thritf; Col. 4)
r --
Foe Battered
Back Along A
35-Mile Front

Third Army Push May Be
Decisive Battle Of I
German War
„ PARIS, Dec. 28—(/P)—Lt.
Gen. George S. Patton’s Third -1
Army, with a typical light
ning blew, was believed to
night to have broken the back
of the German winter offen
sive and was battering back
the enemy’s southern flank
on a 35-mile front in what
may be the war’s decisive
(Berlin radio announced tonight
that German spearheads menacing
the Meuse river as well as that
on the southern flank had been
withdrawn “according to plan” as
the U. S. First and Third Armies
attacked fiercely from north, west
and south.) 11 E
xiaiiiiiiei mg genus up ,
in six days through the wooded
hills of Belgium and northern Lux- 1
embourg, Patton’s powerful mo- ,
bile army, punching up from the
south, rescued the heroic Ameri* 1 j
can garrison at Bastogne and to
the east beat back the German
wave after it had swept to within ;
13 miles of Luxembourg’s capital.
The hard-driv.ng Patton, Ameri
ca’s No. 1 tank general, was given
the job of stemming the enemy’s
surprise offensive three days after
von Rundstedt struck December
16 and tonight, Associated Press
Correspondent Hawkins declared,
it appeared the back of the Ger
man drive was broken.
Simultaneously, the XT. S. First
Army hit back savagely from the
north, carving out gains of almost
a mile and a half in the northwest
corner of the German salient point
ed toward the fortress of Liege and
the Allied feeder highways to the
port of Antwerp.
These twin developments, fraught
with peril for the German plan to
split the Ailied armies and slash
across their lifelines, presumably
were up to noon yesterday, and
subsequent levelopments shroud
ed in a security blackout may have
marked up ’ lore gains.
One thing was clear. Today, the
13th since the Germans rolled out
of the Reich and through the thin
held American lines in the Arden
nes, was the first that no enemy
gains were reported.
On the contrary, the three Ger
man armies committed to the
(Continued on Page Two; Col. 3)
In Bastogne, Dec. 28. — (UP) —
; Maj. Gen. Maxwell D. Taylor of
the 101st Air Borne Division, who
1 was in Washington when his divi
sion was trapped inside Bastogne,
flew the Atlantic Ocean, and slip
ped through enemy lines in a
speeding jeep to be with his men in
. the final phase of the battle, It
may be revealed tonight.
The fighting general, comman
der of one of America’s toughest
divisions, left Washington Christ
mas Eve.
He arrived inside the Bastogne
pocket two days ago, after a wild
dash through enemy territory in
a jeep carrying him, his aide and
one other officer.
By the time he got there, his
men already had knocked out
nearly 150 German tanks, 25 en
emy halftracKS and had fought, off
as many as four German divisions
at one time in a desperate battle
to keep the enemy from the vital
Belgian road center.
His division arrived at Bastogne
i with other American troops alrea
: dy there, and decided to stay and
fight it out to the last.
i At the end of the first day, the
. German roops were blocked in an
[ attempt to storm the city from the
east. They fanned out to the north
an ultimately . completed the en
' circlement of Bastogne. But they
; failed to break the iron ring whi-h
, the Americans established aroun/
the city.
On Christmas Eve. the Bastogne
garrison was completely surround
At 3 a.m. Christmas morning,
' the Germans launched the biggest
(Continued on Page Two; Col. B);

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