Newspaper Page Text
Mo Letup In Production
Of War Materials Seen ru»um «. UllAVLS Editorial Director, Cambridge Associates More production miracles are ii sight as the premature optimisn born after St. Lo died in the Nazis mid-December breakthrough on t.hi franco-Belgian frontier. This ill-founded optimism whicl apparently influenced both military and industiral planning from Au gust to December brought no hal in over-all production, which wai maintained at the high level reach ed in late 1943. It did cause cut back of various war contracts an: postwar problems became the ex cessive concern of management labor and the general public. There is no lack of emphasis or vi.-ar production now and munition: output will in all likelihood not only be sustained but increased until the final and definite defeat of Ger many. Furthermore, procurement schedules for the materiel to con quer Japan will be revised upward 5S a result of von Rundstedt’s test of our invincibility on the Westerr front. It is not likely, however, if we believe that Germany will be beat en jn the summer of 1945, that any year in the near future will sur pass the past year in either pro duction or national income. National Income at Peak National income for 1944 is plac ed at $154 billions. Production was almost two and one-third times the prewar average. Sixty per cent oi this production went to supply out forces and the armies of our al lies That percentage can be in creased if need arises since expen riiti.,- for f’nnsiimpr cfnnHc ic «cti. mated at S96 billions for the year, which is a record for this country or any other. The question of manpower resum el dominant importance as the year ended. With more than eleven million men in the armed forces the bottom of the barrel was scrap ed to maintain military and civilian production at the record level. Employment Off Hint of an early peace in Europe sent many war workers in search of jobs with peacetime futures and thousands of women, lend-leased from the kitchen, felt free to re turn to their homes. Despite the fact that production was kept at a high level, here was a drop in em ployment of one million during the year, with natural effect on wage payrolls. While labor disputes rated black headlines during 1944 a large per centage of working time was not lost through strikes. So long as the emergency situation is recognized as such, it is not probable that the strike problem will grow more dif ficult than it is now. The prospect for postwar industrial peace is not good, however, and even the de feat of Germany alone might sig nal an outbreak of unrest that would be hard to control. The Office of Price Administra tion has exercised more effective control over living than was first throught possible. Although living costs, derived from a national av erage of “white market” prices -• --— • »•* J *** AVXAJLVX V1JV. degree. There seems to be no early end to the cigarette shortage or tc gasoline restrictions. Food supplies will be ample, with month to month changes in the availability of but ter. pork and beef. Postwar Problems Remain Although intensive study of post war problems were swept into abeyance with the German succes ses in the December offensive the problems themselves remain. Promising sixty million jobs in the 1944 campaign, the President took on more than is really necessary. Fifty million jobs would sustain out peacetime economy at prosperity levels and give us an annual na tional income in the neighborhood of $130 billions. In terms of real income, based on present prices and present per sonal tax levies, a national income of anything over $110 billions would give us a better living standard than any we have enjoyed. In view of massed savings estimated in ex cess of $100 billions and deferred consumer needs of inetimable ex tent, an annual income of $110 bil lion or better seems a conserva tive possibility in the early post war years. After that is another problem. -V An ostrich does not bury its head in the sand because it is afraid, but only to grub for worms with its bill or to cover its eggs when going away from them for a short while. * Russia Favors Greater Territorial Dissection Of Germany Than Allies By PHIL AULT United Press Staff Correspondent LONDON, Dec. 30.—(UP)— So viet Russia, determined to guar antee her frontiers against anothei invasion from the west, was under stood tonight to lavor a greater territorial dissection of Germany than do Britain and the United States. All three powers however, are known to be agreed basically on the folly of dismantling Germany into a virtually machineless agri cultural nation. The impending establishment oi a Russian-sponsored provisional Hungarian government in Buda pest, once the city falls, is focus ing the foreign-policy spotlight once again on the prime Soviet aim of self security. In the light of her actions of the last two years, the Soviet Union appears to have two major objec tives in dealing with the rest of the world—Allied and Axis alike: (1) Positive security of her wes tern frontiers to enable Dostwar reconstruction and improvement of the homeland, and (2) the formu lation of a world security organiza tion in which she can cooperate with Britain, the United States and France to keep peace and subju gate Germany. Almost every major step Russia has taken in an international sphere can be viewed in the light of those two objectives. The Rus sian methods to achieve self-se curity sometimes dovetail with the aims of the United States and Britain, but frequently they cause uneasiness because of the sweep ing nature of the proposals. It is quite apparent that the So viet has not achieved all of its specific objectives in eastern Eu rope, but it 1s moving toward them steadily. For Russia, the No. 1 postwar aim is to break Germany’s ability to make war. To achieve this aim, her ambassador to London is sit ting on the European advisory commission With American, Bri tish and French representatives. In eastern Furope, Russia wants and gradually is getting, a chain of cooperative neighboring smaller nations to buttress her western approaches. It is this natural sphere of influence which she is seeking to solidify, sometimes by conciliatory methods and some times by stronger means. SUPPORT OF LIMITS EXTENSION EXPECTED (Continued from Page One) or her. At the bottom of each ques tionnaire space was left available for the individual to write in other problems which need studying for the improvement of Wilmington. Item of third most importance to the majority of the 130 persons filling in questionnaires was the one dealing with a post-war shelf of public works. This was followed closely by sentiment for a broad redevolopment and slum clearance program and an awareness for the need of a complete zoning ordi nance. These last three items re ceived 45,44, and 43 votes respec tively in either first, second, or third places. Sixth place of importance was marked as the need for develop ment of park and recreation fa cilities; seventh, improvement of facilities for automobile traffic for greater safety and fewer delays; and eighth, layin? of street lines and zoning one mile beyond city limits to control future growth. In addition to the order in which the items on the questionnaires were classified, numerous sugges tions were added at the bottom. The need for municipal port facil ites was mentioned by 12 persons; a junior college was suggested by eight persons; and a municipal air port proposed by six others. Still further planning suggestions included tuberculosis sanitarium, incinerator, abattoir, development of a state park on the river front, provision for better museum facil ket, improved relations with our trade areas, and thorough develop ment of resort possibilities in co operation with Wrightsville and Carolina Beaches. Although the questionnaire dealt primarily with physical planning for the city, numerous persons em phasized the importance of indus trial development as well by writ ing suggestions for advancement along this line. It was explained that the Plan ning board is making arrange ments for industrial planning in ad dition to physical development, which would complete the indus trial and economic survey of the community looking toward the de velopment of new manufacturing plants and expansion of existing Hies. In connection with the desire for x broad zoning ordinance to estab lish well-defined areas of the city ior residential use only, for com mercial and industrial uses, it was pointed out that the Planning board Pas been authorized by the City Council only to prepare such a law. » The city now has two “spot’ zon ing ordinances. One provides for' residentail use only in t h e area bounded by Market, Castle, Fifth and Third streets. The other pro hibits extablisifmei^ of filling sta tions in the section from Thirtenth to Twentieth, between Rankin and Market, and also within the area bounded by Fourth, Tenth, Chest nut and Orange. Among the groups, to which the Planning board presented ques ionnaires, were Junior and Senior 5orosis, Lions, Civitans, Exchange, Rotary, and Junior Chamber of Commerce. In the north, the Russians made a stern peace with Finland that weakened the Finns physically and economically but left their sover eignty intact. Now Finland is un likely to be an rvenue for another attack on the Soviet Union. In the Baltic states, Russia ap parently has her own way and will incorporate tne three former re publics—Estonia, Latvia and Lith uania—into the Soviet Union. Soviet diplomats in Poland have encountered tneir toughest pro blem. The Russian government has affirmed that it wants an inde pendent and friendly Poland It does not want the present Polish exile government in London to re turn to Poland. 1944 DISAPPOINTING YEAR TO OFFICIALS (Continued from Page One) Matching the too-cheerful view of military progress has been pop ular belief fostered by cheery of ficial statements that politically the great Allied powers were in accord on most or all great issues. In fact, little accord has been ob tained. Hence recurrent outbursts of mutual criticisms and suspicions among the United States, Britain and Russia. The chief antidotes to disappoint ments, military and political, were the successful invasion of Europe —which was a greater gamble than military spokesmen ever admitted except privately; the almost com plete destruction of German naval power, which made this possible; the Allied triumph in the air battle of Europe; the Russian advance to Warsaw and the Allied victory in France; the unexpectedly fast progress in the Pacific, culminat ing in the invasion of the Philip pines; partial completion of the Dumbarton Oaks plan for world organization. Admittedly Washington and Al lied leadership have much to be proud of, but in a year that had been hailed as the year of victory, it can count many times of dis’ap pointment. At the year’s end these points stand out in the Allied picture: 1. In Germany- military power uoo k/vvu uiiu&i y utucui 2. No one in authority here sees any chance for any peace short of unconditional German surrender nor any lack of Allied unity against the enemy, but for months it has become increasingly evident that the Allies are pulling apart on postwar objectives. 3. In this connection the approach of Russian forces to Austria is be ing watched closely for indications that it may provide an example of new Allied unity on military opera tions in an area where political stakes also are high. 4. London intervention against Count Sforza in Italy and in behalf of King George and the Papandreou government in Greece brought a direct clash with Washington over American insistence that the liber ated peoples of Europe should be allowed to set up their own govern ments—even though that means ex treme Leftist or Communists re gimes in some cases. 5. Russia’s close-mouted hand ling of Balkans affairs, the evi dent reluctance of Red army lead ers to allow Anglo-American ob servers free movement, raised new apprehensions about division of Europe into spheres of influence. 6. Diplomats here spoke of Rus sia’s primary interest in Eastern Europe, Britain’s primary concern in western and southern Europe. The French leader, General Charles De Gaulle, jockeyed for a middle position by making an alliance with Stalin and preparing another with I Churchill. 7. The fate of the Polish govern ment in exile appeared sealed and Russia was expected momentarily to recognize the Lublin Committee Polish Liberation, which Russia sponsored, as the provisional gov ernment of Poland. Britain and the United States had completely lost patience with the Polish gov ernment at London for not getting together with Russia, but feared that elevation of the committee to full power would merely store up future trouble. Did “Diamond Jim” Have Stomach or Ulcer Pains? It is hardly likely that Diamond Jim Brady could have eaten so voraciously tf he suffered after-eating pains. Sufferer* who have to pay the penalty of stomach or ulcer pains, indigestion, gas paln^ heartburn, burning sensation, bloat ana other conditions caused by excess acid should try Udga. Get a 25c box of Udg* Tablets from your druggist. Firs. aos« must convisce or return box to us *nn get DOUBLE YOUR MONEY BACK. Saunders Drug store and drug store* everywhere. ___ have increased 27 per cent since the beginning of the war, this in crease is less than half the rise 1 that occurred during a similar pe i riod in World War 1. It should not be forgotten, either, how much 1 more money is now available to float an inflationary price rise. 1 Prices Rising Price increases in such import ant categories as clothing and rents ; are reflected in, the indexes for the last half of 1944. Further gradual increases in these and other prices can be expected. On the debit side is the rather firm prospect that Congress, urged by consumers and many spokesmen for industry, will insist on control for prices in the early postwar period when the sit uation might be most likely to get out of hand. Farmers and manufacturing workers continue to garner a big ger than normal share of the in creased national income. Cash farm income for the year is placed at $19.5 billions. The physical vol ume produced was the second lar gest of any year and about 6 per cent above the 1944 yield. Farmers Savings High While there has been a recent increase in the prices of farm lands, there does appear to be tne over-extension of indebtedness that was catastrophic after World War 1. War bond purchases by farmers are much higher than the national average and the other forms of savings show proportinate in crease. Shortages of goods for civilian consumption are likely to persist altVimicrVi will l •_a_a | FOR SALE! RESTAURANT Established 20 Years Or will sell half interest to responsible party who would help run business. Write Box 1091 Wilmington, N. C. Announcing I PALACE MARKET NO. 2 I WINTER PARK I (formerly Borhenhagen’s Grocery) | This Store Has Been Purchased By Me I and Will Be Under The Attention of 11 T. MR. CHARLES CLARK, Mgr. — Grocery Department ft MR. CHARLES HOLLAND, Mgr. — Meat Department ft STAPLE & FANCY GROCERIES-MEATS-POULTRY I ft Palace Market No. 1,10th and Princess 1 Grocery Manager — MR. AUBREY PRINCE ft' Meat Dept. Mgr. — MR. A. J. HUFHAM ft • • • • ft As owner of these two stores I invite food shoppers to avail them- jft selves of our facilities and courteous management. Also to note ft above change of ownership announcement. P. L. WEBB. S; ftnftftftBftMIHftft^ftii^ftft^ftB1 (BUSINESS TRENDS! TRADE. INDUSTRY AND FINANCE —1943-1944 = i’oo INDUSTRIAL ACTIVITY 2 so ^ J30 • - -—i—i—i—i—1—i—i_i- i ■! t JFMAMJJASONQ =’4o EMPLOYMENT I.L*.' IPf . >70 ■ —_ ^_ —1-1.i i i—L i i i i i t _ |j^mamjjasqnd ■ oMfY DOLLAR VOLUME 50 lukliHU . ::: 35 ■ \y -l-* i—i—i—i—i—iii'i JFMAMJJA50ND “ COST OF LIVING ».Ll. n8 ->—i—i ... J^MAMJJASOND IVd RETAIL sales *65 : \. / 160 / - -1—1—I1 *»*' 11I1 1 j » J FMAMJJA30ND Tf CASH FARM INCOME *2.200 • / *2.000 ■ ’itDO ■ ./■ \_ *1.600 ■ . // ' *1.400 . —-y >1.200 S'»05-’ * *1.000 -1—L_J—I—IIl_ I l I I . JPMAMJJA30M D ^ COMMODITY PRICES I.L.S. 1015 ■ IOJ.0 ■ '.v V _ ioj.5. y ** ,*'v/ I0JO • / >01.5 ■ -1—1—J—I—1—1_I_t ' i i i JFMAMJJAJOND ooosl CARLOADINGS 900- »*wu' *Mkl’}^K 850 / j \ 800 \ 750 . -—tLi—i—i_l_j_i_i_i_i i i ; JFMAMJJASOND [Jr™! STEEL ingot output 7800 - * DOO Oafttad A 7600 . /\ * 7400 • a // v 'a /r\ A\ 7200 ■ vV \/ ' ^ 7.000 - \ / V -1—i_i—i—i—iii i i i i JPMAMJJA S 0 N D I CRUDE OIL OUTPUT iooo ■ mfMi My 4000 ■ q*l— -—I—I—I—I_L_l_i ■ ■ i ■ ■ JFMAMJJASONO ■ I' - I ■ I K*N ELECTRIC POWER OUTPUT mri|t wMkiy 4iOt*lr I JFmamjja scTn d J=s.ooI NEW CONSTRUCTION s6?: \/Ar^ \ 50 • s><y V. -1 i i i '' i ■ ■ i ■ i _ JFMAMJJASOND Extra Special! TONIGHT-NEW YEARS EVE DINE and DANCE TO THE MUSIC OF :l DON'T MISS THIS I BIG NEW YEARS' EVE DAXCIE No Admission Charge—No Cover Charge Minimum Charge .... $1.50 Per Person DIAL 9136 FOB RESERVATIONS AT OUR GRILL Broiled U. S. Choice Sirloin Sieahs Fried Golden Spring Chicken I r ’ -v. GUY BULLARD ' * and His FAMOUS CLUB ORCHESTRA Will Play Here Every Wednesday, Friday and Saturday FAMOUS CLUB AND GRILL I Carolina Beach Road Just Past Greenfield Park — Dial 9136 GUY BULLARD And His Famous Club Orchestra TONIGHT k — 9 lo 2 — n||v Make Reservations Now! so°o FAILURES 400 ■ 300 • \ 200 ■ ", J00 SV****'H* -1—1-' III. __ JrM AwJ JASO»0 Cambridge associates — Boston *. I STOCKS iso (Dow-Jonts MuilrislAwrsjJt) us . *—'o-fer \— \ . ISO . A& \/ ia ✓ -1-1 i i i i i i i i i i JFHA MJJASOND ATTENTION SHRINERS! ALL SHRINERS and their Ladies are invited to attend the ARAB SHRINE CLUBS NEW YEARS PARTY, Plantation Club night, January 1st, 1945. From Eight TIL. Course dinner, Floor show, Dancing. Fun for all, don’t miss it. Tickets on sale WADE REALTY CO., KINGOFF’S, JEWEL BOX, FUTRELLES. ■ N The Personnel of this organization WISHES \ FCR YOU | A I NEW YEAR OF • HEALTH, HAPPINESS AND VICTORY B. F. Goodrich Stores ! V. L. BROWN, Manager 14. N. Third St.