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The Wilmington morning star. [volume] (Wilmington, N.C.) 1909-1990, January 08, 1945, FINAL EDITION, Image 8

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NURSERYMEN WILL
GATHER JAN. 9-10.
RALEIGH, Jan. 7.—The North
Carolina Association of Nursery
men will hold its winter meeting
here at State college on January
9 and. 19, it is announced today by
L G. McLean, secretary of the
association.
All meetings are scheduled for
the Y. M. C. A. building at State
college and President William H.
Howard of Hickory will preside.
The opening meeting will begin at
10:30 o'clock. The Rev. Howard
McLamb of the Fairmont Metho
dist church will deliver the invoca
tion.
Col. J. W. Harrelson, Dean of
Administration, will welcome the
nurserymen ar.d the response will
be given by J. Y. Killian of New
ton.
Principal speakers on Tuesday’s
program will be Dr Ralph Cum
mings and Dr. Clyde Smith of
State college Arnold Peterson of
the Raleigh Park Department and
C. H Brannon of the State De
partment of Agriculture.
A banquet will be held on Tues
day evening at 6:30 at the State
college cafeteria and Dr. Felix A.
Grisette of Chapel Hill, managing
director of the fcrtlate Planning
board, will address the nursery
men. Editor Frank Jeter of State
college will serve as toastmaster
and, following the address of Dr.
Grisette, there will be motion pic
tures and entertainment.
On Wednesday’s program E. E.
Brant of the State Highway de
partment will discuss future high
way plans; Lieutenant Hall of
Camp Butner, the placement and
utilization of war casualties; and
Prof. M. E. Gardner, State Col
lege Horticultural plans for the
future.
George Martin of the General
Outdoor Advertising company of
Richmond, Va., will discuss out
door display and nursery sales;
and L I. Roof of the S C. S.
Nursery at Chapel Hill, the mass
production of vegetables under
nursery conditions.
BOMBING CONTINUES
LONDON, Jan. 7. —(TP)— Berlin
radio declared today the Ger
mans’ stepped-up shelling of great
er London with V-2 “flying tele
phone pole” rockets had gone into
the fourth dav today.
-1_V
Breech loading rifles were first
used in the Revolutionary War. but
not by American troops.
EXCLUSIVE PORTRAITS !
Made by Appointment Only
Trueblood Studio
324 Tidewater Bldg. Phone 7945
[PAINTING
Can Start Your Job Today
Phone 2-1779
Before 8 A. M. and
After 10 P. M.
GUARANTEED
WATCH REPAIRING
Quick Service
We Teach Watches To Tell
The Truth
The Jewel Box
109 N. Front
SNATCHED!
Grab and run! Sometimes
(that’s how costly jewelry sud
denly parts company from the1
-rightful owner.
We can write a policy of In
surance protecting your valu
able jewelry. It covers in all
situations, anywhere in the
Srorld.
North Carolina Marines Meet On West Coast
Corp. Wade H. Lucas (left), former Raleigh, N. C., newspaperman now on duty in Marine public
relations on the West Coast, interviews Corp. Lawrence H. Ferguson (center) of 1506 Walnut St., Greens
boro, N. C., and Corp. James W. Boyd of Elkin, N. C., aboard the transport which brought 1300 mem
bers of the First Marine Division back to this country. Ferguson and Boyd are on their way home
for 30-day furloughs after more than 32 months overseas. (AP photo from U. S. Marine Corps).
Durham Farmers Exchange
Becomes Big Cooperative
BY F. H. JETER
For more than 14 years now a
group of farmers in Durham,
Orange, Chatham, Granville, and
Person counties associated to
gether as the Durham Farmers
Mutual Exchange has been build
ing one of the most successful
cooperative enterprises operated
by farmers of the state today.
The organization was at first
aided by John Sprant Hill of Dur
ham until it became self-support
ing and now it has assets valued at
over $485,000 among which are its
own buildings valued at $108,000.
including killing and dressing
plants for poultry, warehouses
for the storage and handling of
farm seeds and fertilizers, office
rooms, and branch warehouses in
the counties adjacent to Durham.
The cooperative also holds val
uable memberships in the large
state and regional cooperatives so
that the farmers may have the
advantage of a greater buying
power and may command the
facilities of the fertilizer plants
and feed-mixing mills owned by
these larger units. When the Dur
ham group took an inventory at
the close of this year, they also
had stocks of material on hand
valed at nearly $200,000 and the
bank statement showed more than -
$50,000 in cash in local banks.
' Much of the success of this co
operative has been due to the
clear-headed, hard-headed busi
ness sense of C. W. Tilson, a
farmer farm agent in Durham
county for the State College Ex
:ension Service. Mr. Tilson is Gen
eral Manager of the organization
jut he is ably assisted by com
nunity directors in each of the
rve counties and by an executive
joard which aids him in determin
ng' poll Mes and procedures for the
jest interest of the farmer mem
jers. More than 8.000 farm families
ire served by the organization
md last year it did a business
imounting to $3,836,148. Of this
otal, 42 per cent was in providing
i market for the things the farmer
lad to sell and amounting in vol
ime to $1,666,346.00, This consisted
largely of poultry, eggs, grain,
seeds, and surplus livestock. The
jther part of the business of 58
jer cent was in aiding the farmer
to buy his seed, feed, farm sup
plies, dairy equipment, poultry
equipment, and the like and
amounted to $2,268,802.00.
This growth up to $3,936,148 has
been gradual over the 14 years,
with some increase each year
aver the one preceding. In 1943,
the business done amounted to
about 2 1-2 million dollars, and
the year before to about 1 1-2 mil
lion dollars. The audit of business
lone in 1944 showed that the ac
tual handling charge taken by the
Exchange in proportion to the
business done was less than it had
been in the two previous years.
This means that the farmers were
charged less for their marketing
and purchasing services. The
audit also showed that the Ex
change is now worth net $360,000
and that it made a net saving of
5118,000 on the nearly $4,000,000
worth of business done. Out of this
$118,000 the Exchange returned a
Little more than $100,000 in patron
age refunds and cash dividends
on stock owned by the farmer
members.
Not only did the members split
this melon of $100,000 but the Ex
change itself added to its facilities
by building a new seed recleaning
plant at Pittsboro in Chatham
county, a new disposal plant for
the slaughter house at Hillsborc
in Orange county, and modern me
chanical dressing equipment for
the poultry plant at Durham. Mr,
Tilson and his board plan to add
additional grain storage capacity
in tlie Durham plant so that at
surplus grain can be sold for the
farmers at the harvest season.
This Exchange is nothing new
but for some reason it seems t<
work more satisfactorily thar
many other which have beer
started in the past. Those whc
are members of it are able to sel
their produce for the high dollar
and they are able to get the kinc
of material they want in conduct
ing their farming business. They
get the quality of material want
ed, insofar as the war emergency
permits, and this high quality is
usually bought at the same prices
for u'hich they formerly paid for
low quality. Those in a position to
know say that standards of living
have been raised for the member
families and that a better system
of farming is being adopted now
that a market is assured for all
the things being produced. The
Board of Directors is concerned
right now about maintaining this
market in the face of lowered
prices and sterner competition
when the present war is over. The
Exchange will be put into a solid
financial condition so that it may
be able to weather any normal
setback which may occur.
One of the fine things done to
maintain interest in the Exchange
is the annual meeting where all
he affairs «f the organization are
fully discussed. At the last meet
ing held in December. 275 dele
gates representing all of the
stockholders in the five counties
net at the Washington Duke hotel
n Durham where they had a din
ner together and a program. A
Eull report was made by Mr. Til
son and the auditors. New directors
were elected, a corn shucking con
test Was held in front of the
speakers table, and the delegates
were given a full report on all
activities of the organization.
Ordinarily the Exchange has a
barbecue to which the members
and their families are invited but
travel and rationing have made
this almost impossible. The dele
gates now elected to return to
their home communities, -however,
and pass on the information gath
ered at the meeting and thus, in
a democratic way, the members
keep informed about their own
organization.
-V
fV. C. Red Cross Worker
Awarded Bronze Star
NEW YORK, Jan. 7. — (JP) —
Natalie Gould, 26, American Red
Dross recreation worker of Man
;eo, N. C., has been awarded the
Bronze Star medal for meritorious
service in ncrth Africa, the War
Department announced today.
The citation said Miss Gould
‘Working under difficult conditions
displayed courage, tact and tire
less energy in planning, directly
and supervising the extensive rec
reational program which contribut
sd greaiely to the morale and wel
fare of patients.”
‘‘Toward the close of the Tuni
sian campaign,” the citation con
tinued, “she suffered a severe in
jury, but refusing transfer to a
base hospital, she resumed her
duties prior to complete recov
ery.”
-V
Java has more thunderstorms
than any other country in the
world.
LESPEDEZA PLAN
BRINGS SUCCESS
A forty acre farm of poor, gravel
ly soil has been developed over
the last fourteen years through
crop rotations to a point where it
is now yielding abundant crops,
many times the income that pre
vailed when the rotations began.
About 1930 J. W. Richey of Tay
lorsville. Alexander County, adopt
ed a three-year rotation of part of
the land in corn interplanted with
cowpeas, with cotton the first year,
soybeans the second year, and
wheat followed by cowpeas the
third year. The cowpeas planted
with corn and after wheat were
for soil improvement.
But this rotation was not entire
ly satisfactory for Richey's con
ditions and it was changed at
the suggestion of Enos Blair, Ex
tension agronomist of State Col
lege. The first rotation required
too much plowing, especially at
the time of the year when Richey
was busiest with his general crops.
Also, the cowpeas on which the
whole rotation depended for suc
cess often failed. As a result, crop
yields continued to remain low
in spite of the rotation.
Blair suggested that lespedeza
be made the bedrock of the ro
tation rather than cowpeas. There
fore. Richey changed to corn in
terplanted with cowpeas, with cot
ton the first year, wheat or oats
followed by lespedeza for hay
the second year, and lespedeza for
seed the third year
In this rotation there was less
plowing, only once on each field
in three years. There was also less
erosion, with a good crop of lespe
deza to turn under each year. Dur
ing the period Richey also mace
some changes in fertilizer practi
ces and adopted better varieties of
seed.
Records of the crop yields have
been kept tnroughout the fourteen
year peiiod and the^ show remark
able increases in yields for all
crops. In 1930, 3 acres of cotton
gave a yield of 554 pounds of lint
cotton, or slightly over one-third
bale per acre. Last year 4 acres
of cotton produced 2,517 pounds of
lint or 5 bales. The cotton was fer
tilized at the rate of 500 pounds
of 4-12-4 in 1930 as compared with
400 pounds of 3-12-6 and 100 pounds
of muriate potash per acre last
y'ear.
xuuiiey. proaucea an average ot
11 bushels of corn per acre in
1930 as compared with 43 bushels
per acre in 1944. His fertilization
was 200 pounds of 4-12-4 per acre
in 1930 while last year it was 300
pounds of 3-12-6 and 100 pounds
of calnhro.
At the beginning of the fourteen
year rotation. Richey harvested on
ly 54 bushels of wheat from 8
acres, while last year he obtained
133 busnels from 6 acres in 1930
and last year it was 300 pounds
of 3-12-6 and 100 pounds of 10-0-10
per acre.
In concluding the report, Blair
said: “In 1930 Richey’s income
from livestock was less than $100.
Last year he sold $1,200 worth of
milk alone from this once poor
forty acre farm. The extra grain
and hay produced under a good
rotation based principally on les
pedeza made this increase pos
sible. This is but one example of
a large number which could be
given that shew that diversifica
tion, proper rotations, and the
inclusion of livestock in the farm
program lead to much greater pro
fits and a safer plan for farming.”
-V
State Gains $2,936,547
In Beer Taxes In 1944
RALEIGH. Jan. 7. —«P)_ North
Carolina collected $2,936,547.34 in
beer taxes in 1944. the U. S.
Brewers Foundation’s North Caro
lina committee reported today.
License fees yielded $54,211 and
the remainder came from crown
and lid tax, stamps and labels.
The crown tax netted $2,10G*,488.17;
labels, $531,996.98; and stamps
$249,851.19.
In addition, taxes were paid the
federal and local governments.
-V
BUY WAR BONDS AND STAMPS
i
NOTICE
1944 City and County taxes are past
due. Pay your personal property tax
now, and save garnishment of wages
starting Jan. 1st, 1945.
C. R. Morse
City & County Tax Collector.
i M
TEST FARM HOMES
SHOW REAL GAINS
BY ANNA C. ROWE
N. C. State College
The expansion of the test farm
and home demonstration program
is getting underway in all coun
ties in western Carolina. The chief
importance of the farm improve
ment program is soil development
and the biggest problem in the
western area is soil erosion. This
is controlled by the use of rotations,
lime and phosphate, and improved
methods of farming.
The test-demonstration program
has been in operation since 1935
and the results have proven it to
be an effective educational pro
gram for the entire family. Farm
and home inventories reveal good
as well as poor farm and home
practices. By discovering these
points, it is hoped that better
methods may be brought about and
more participation by every mem
ber of the family in the fullest
development of the farm and
home.
Inventories have been made ,™
74 homes in Madison county ill!
which there are at present a iuliu
of 273 individuals. Four of these
homes are Negro. Incidenally, 38
per cent of the farmers and their
wives attended Mars Hill College.
The average garden plot meas
ures 0.7 of an acre with an aver
age of 15 vegetables from early
spring until late fall. Apples are
produced on many farms. Small
fruits are scarce; however,
blackberries are abundant and
are utilized universally. The farm
wives are good canners. The stand
ard set up for western North Caro
lina is 109 quarts per person and
the average in the Mars Hill area
is 123.6 quarts per person, includ
ing fruits, vegetables and meats.
However, there is a deficiency of
six quarts of meat per person in
the watershed.
In the majority of cases where
there is lack of good underpinning,
good steps, screens, or other. re
pairs of the homes, the opinion is
that the underlying cause is tem
porary unavailability of needed
materials or labor. Five families
plan definitely to rebuild houses
as soon as possible.
Many of the homes have incon
venient kitchens and need more
storage space. Three-fourths of
the homes have electricity and
slightly more than half have run
ning water. There are 42 refrigera
tors in the area, but 16 homes
have no refrigeration. About one
third of the homes have bathrooms
and three homes have space set
aside in their homes for bath
rooms.
A farm and home progress re
port was made on 31 unit demon
stration farms in Ashe County.
Each farm was visited by both
the farm and home agents. At
the beginning of the program,
which dates back five years, the
condition of the home and farm was
tabulated. The second score,
made in 1944. showed marked pro
gress. The following are a few
improvements m3de on the home
side: 29 homes have been re
painted; 15 homes had unsealed
walls and ceilings at the begin
ning of the program and only two
are in need of finish to date.
Seventeen homes had no under
pinning as compared to 11 to
date. Five homes had broken win
dow panes, open cracks, and
poorly fitted windows at the first
check, and now only one home is
reported in this condition. Ten
homes had running water at the
beginning and 21 now have run
ning water in the home. Only two
had electric refrigerators and now
13 homes have them.
-V
Advancing years are the glory of
the Chinese, and it is s aid to be
polite to support your Chinese
guest to be much older than his
or her stated age.
CLOTHING APPEAL
ISSUED IN REICH
STOCKHOLM, ¥.*,*.
With a great splash of ci |
the Nazis today asked ft*# 5,,^ j
man people »o sacrifice ** ^,
war effort all but the ba *.* ?
sentials of clothing the* f,*y r,
possess.
Starting tomorrow soooflj, D(,
time workers, operating thtourt
many thousand coiled; .'', d(p^ !
will start ferreting out tu-ch items
as old uniforms of the Nazi partv* 5
army, policemen, firemen a 1
postmen, as well a« civilian g,-,
ments from underwear to ,v., '
coats.
The drive ts being conducted ,<
part of "total mobilization’ J
equip and clcthe "thousands of
Volksstrum battalions for fr,,.,
service,” the Berlin correspond,
ent of the newspaper Svensk* Dak.
gladet wrote.
Uniforms of taller Soldi*-,
which families were keeping '
mementoes, also must be parted l
with. All donors were warned thej I
could expect no reimbursement, I.
favorable treatment on future ♦«, I
tile rations.
Nominated *
The Right Rev. Geoffrey Francis
Fisher (above), Lord Bishop of
London, has been nominated by
King George of Great Britain for
the post of Archbishop of Canter
bury. He would succeed the late
Dr. William Temple.
The Time To Satisfactorily
Finance Your Home Is Now
The place Is at the CAROLINA Building and Loan Association
We have unlimited funds to lend,
NEED A WAR BOND—SEE USI
Three
The / Million Dollar
Carolina Building and Loan km,
“Member Federal Home Loan Batik** i'm&L
W. A. FONVIELLE, Sec.-Treas. ' ^
Roger Moore, Pres. W. D. Jones, Asst. Ser.-Tr»i*.
M. G. James, V.-Pres. J. O, Carr, Attr,
I
The Wilmington Morning Star
£ ' i i

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