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The Wilmington morning star. [volume] (Wilmington, N.C.) 1909-1990, January 16, 1945, FINAL EDITION, Image 4

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FOUR
Jfilmington f>Iar
North Carolina’s Oldest Daily Newspaper
i Published Daily Except Sunday
( By The Wilmington Star-News
' R. B. Page, Owner and Publisher
Entered as Second Class Matter at Wilming
ton, N. C., Postoffice Under Act of Congress
of March 3, 1879.
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AND ALSO SERVED BY THE UNITED FRESS
With confidence in our armed forces—with
the unbounding determination of our people—
we will gain the inevitable triumph—so help
ns God.
_ Roosevelt’s War Message.
_TUESDAY, JANUARY 16, 1945.
THOUGHT FOR TODAY
They are so brave; they do not whine
Or piteously plead;
And so I share and share of mine
With all in need.
God, I would give through day and night—
With love their faith renew—
Knowing, but for Thy grace, I might
Be hungry too.
VIRGINIA EATON.
-V-- ■
Your Business Too
Some of the business experts are calling
upon President Roosevelt to assure the people
again that wild inflation or even moderate in
flation will not sweep the country There has
already been considerable of it despite public
pronouncements now and then that it’s really
very small. You know better, don’t you?
But it will take more than presidential re
assurance. It will require cooperation on the
part of the public which is always, in the end.
responsible for most inflation. The public loses
its head and goes wildly to bidding up orices.
This is a matter where people themselves by
proper self-restraint may do more than can
be done in any official proclamation against
inflation.
-V
Nine-Tenths Financial
Joint appropriations committee of the North
Carolina House and Senate got to work early,
as was fitting. The backslapping attendant
upon such a reunion as the opening of a leg
islative session was hardly over before the
committee went into hearings sessions.
After all, that is the chief business of the
General Assembly—to parcel out the money,
balance and baste the budget, trim or add
something here and there. Generally more is
added than trimmed. It is a business session,
pure and simple, this meeting of the legisla
tors every two years. Its problems are nine
tenths financial, like the constituency’s prob
lems.
This committee holds the pursestrings. Let’s
hope they keep a nice, firm grip on them.
Santa Clause has come and gone. Keep your
haads, please, gentlemen. There is a limit
even in a boom time. The economic welfare
cf the state is in your hands, more than those
«>f anybody else, for at least two years.
-V
Signs of Amity
Report of the United States extending a
friendly hand to Finland is indicative of the
general feeling of sympathy for the little
country. It had a war with Russia and when
Germany and Russia tangled it became an
ally of Germany. Our government brolpe re
lations with Finland but never declared war
on the country.
Every year after the First World war the
Finns made the! regular payment on their
debt to the United States. They didn’t default.
They hunted for no excuse to get out of pay
ing. It was not a great sum but it showed
high principle. The United States could get
along all right without the money but our peo
ple appreciated the attitude shown by the
Finns. They were alone among the nations in
doing this.
It iS a friendship between two dissimilar
peoples—that of the United States and Finland.
. kut a real friendship. People of America sim
*ly refuse to regard the Finns as enemies.
—-V
Era of Dictators
These are sad days for wnat few kings re
main. George of Greece has seen a regency
displace him. Peter of Yugoslavia is fighting
plans for a regency. Safe in London, kings are
seeing their thrones slipping away from them.
Styles change in rulers. The fad now is dic
tators. Beside them, kings are small potatoes.
The dictator wears no crown and prates about
how he loves the people and serves them day
and night, doing everything for their own good,
but is in fact a monafch. Some of them are
absolute monarchs.
When today’s history is written a hundred
years hence, mankind will marvel at the hold
- the dictator, the “man on horseback,” al
though now he is a man on a tank or jusl
behind it, managed to obtain such a hold or
people’s and nations; will marvel at the help
lessness of people who accepted such rule with
such docility.
As men decline, dictators ascend. It's no
a good sign. It is not alone caused by war;
they showed their heads before war started
There is a strange neurosis affecting peoples
in the mass; a fear of something unknown; an
inability to solve their own problems or even
to approach them; a dependency upon some
upstart. It is a neurosis combining dread of
the unknown, helplessness, confusion, a lack of
self-power and ability to initiate and manage
for oneself. Congresses and parliaments show
it. All combined, it makes for weakness, a fine
field for some dictator to seize.
-V
A Peevish Complaint
The London Daily Mail in an editorial titled
“A Slur on Monty,” complains of the lack
of credit and authority given Field Marshal
Montgomery for his part in stopping the Ger
man breakthrough in Belgium.
It implies that Marshal Montgomery was
chiefly responsible for stopping Rundstedt's
drive, and that his talents are being wasted.
It terms as “unnecessarily offensive” the ex
planation by General Bradley that the mar
shal’s new command is temporary.
Judging from this, British criticism of the
United States has now extended from the field
of political policies and attitudes into that of
military operations. And that would not only
be a great pity, but decidedly dangerous.
Of course, one editorial does not necessarily
reflect a nation’s state of mind. And it should
be remembered that criticism makes more
arresting reading than praise, with the con
sequent possiblity that American correspo
dents may have been cabling back a larger
share of British writers' disparaging observa
tions.
JNevertneiess, even one sucn editorial does
a considerable disservice to Anglo-American
unity and to the military leaders in question.
Its tone is in sad contrast to the generous
statements made by Marshal Montgomery and
General Bradley.
And it contradicts all published reports from
General Eisenhower’s headquarters, which
contain nothing to indicate that the quick and
decisive actions against the German attack
were not made in an atmosphere of harmony
and mutual respect.
The war records of Generals Eisenhower
and Bradley and of Marshal Montgomery are
of a sort to inspire confidence, and there is
nothing in the last month’s events in western
Europe to shake that confidence. In view of
those records it is nothing short of insulting
to suggest that Marshal Montgomery is being
kept down for personal or political reasons.
The extent of Marshal Montgomery’s com
mand is based on the extent of British par
ticipation in the western European campaign.
An American is supreme commader for the
same reason that a Frenchman was in the
last war, because his country is providing the
major force of men and equipment.
So the Daily,Mail’s editorial seems to lack
good judgment as well as good taste. Perhaps
its author, being human though anonymous,
was simply feeling petulant and peevish that
day. Like other Britons, he is going through
his sixth winter of war, with its attendant
danger and anxiety and privation. He prob
ably had good reason for being out of sorts,
and we hope the editorial relieved his feelings.
But Allied unity cannot stand too many
9uch pieces. For one thing, they play square
ly into enemy propagandists’ hands. And for
another, they plant in readers’ mihds the
false and dangerous impression that our Al
lied commanders are playing petty politics
when lives and victory are at stake.
-V
Becoming Perennial
Every winter there’s the same lack of many
things but especially coal. For the third suc
cessive winter now consumption has been
more thaji production. Shortages will continue
as long as the war lasts.
Director Byrnes’ order for conservation
takes a new turn. Instead of confining him
self exclusively to exhorting householders to
conserve it — wasted words on people who
haven’t much to conserve—he takes .vigorous
measures against outdoor advertising lights,
light from electricity often generated by coal;
against unnecessary trains for unnecessary
travel, and other methods for conservation on
a big scale.
The situation is described as acute. It’s
worse than that. It’s cold. There are few mis
eries as severe as a cold house, and there's
especial danger in such a situation for chil
dren. Influenza, pneumonia and other diseases
wait in the wintry darkness to slay thou
sands. There should be no waste publicly while
persons as private individuals have to do
without.
Government buildings offer a chance for
conservation. There is no coal to waste. Many
people wish they had some so they couldn’t
waste if. Any government building that is
overheated is done so at the expense of people
in their homes.
And a word of caution: don’t do this con
serving at the expense of helpless children.
Don’t let the schools suffer. The children in
them must sit quietly, practically motionless,
for hours. Don’t let those buildings get toe
cold unless you want to have sickness and
death. The children should not have to pay
for the stupidity of adults.
-V
SO THEY SAY
War is a terrible and a horrible thing, but
since the time of Christ this world of ours has
spent more-time fighting than we did in peace.
—A. A. F. Gen. H. H. Arnold.
• * *
Our troops are like a tiger who has tasted
blood. Our superb men are raring to go. — Lt.
Gen. Walter Krueger, 6th Army commander
on Luzon.
• * •
The battle of Luzon—that is, the battle for
the Philippines—has now entered its main
stage. The battle in which 300,000 American
officers and men are doomed to die is about
to begin. — Tokyo radio.
Fair Enough
(Editor’s note.—The Star accepts no re
sponsibility for the personal views of Mr.
Pegler, and often disagrees with them as
much as many of his readers. His articles
serve the good purpose of making people
think.)
By WESTBROOK PEGLER
(Copyright, 1945, by King Features Syndicate.)
CHICAGO—Now and again I run into some
legitimate and well-placed idealist in the labor
movement who tells me I have been doing
great work for labor and unionism since I
began running a temper over the presence
of a lot of porch-climbers in their sacred
cause but then says “but, of course, this is
just between us because if I were to say
so publicly I would give aid and comfort to
our enemies.”
By enemies, they mean the employers and
all organized industry and those members of
congress and the state legislatures who want
to pass laws which would paralyze the unions.
They also consider the racketeer to be an
enemy of labor and are pleased to see them
fall, one by one and in bunches, but what
they say on that is that rousing them out
is my business and not a dull or underpaid
business, either. They figure that I am so
thoroughly committed now that I just can’t
quit and, therefore, they see no reason to
waste any word of cheer on me. In fact,
they don’t mind calling me an enemy ol
labor, as Will Green did a few years batk
and -often sinde because, after all. results
alone count and all they want is that the
UllUtn WUi IU gUIllXct3 etXiU uumo w uu mucv-icy
in after prohibition should be run out and,
where possible, thrown into prison, but, any
way taken off their necks. They also enjoy
revelations of such outrageously regal status
as that which old Dan Tobin, of the teamsters,
has conferred on himself, with his luxuries
and prerogatives provided by his privy coun
cil, and feel that ridicule of such self-im
portance and ostentation will eventually dis
credit such individuals and their practices by
appealing to the ambition and ideals of better
men and arousing the rank and file against
their rules. That I have no doubt because men
are proud and greedy and young idealists do
grow into fat headed monarchs.
But still, as I say, they don’t even-let
themselves be seen having a friendly word
or dram with me, with the exception of Jim
my Petrillo, who is very broadminded and,
with his great powers, can afford to take the
social and political risk.
On the CIO side, things are different. Those
Communists are kiver-to-kiver haters and the
only complaint I have ever received from
any of them was a remark by a press agent
for Harry Bridges, the Australian Communist
adjudged to be an enemy of our government,
who said he detested me but wished he had
me doing my stuff with the same conviction
and vehemence on their side. But even the
A. F. of L., men who loathe and have fought
the CIO-Communist thing for years and years
still pretend publicly to regard these bouts
with the bolos as attacks on labor with a
capital L, again figuring that any results I
achieve in this line will be clear profit for
them in their contest with the cockeyes. So,
again, why should they pay something even
in mere words of recognition for something
that I will have to give them for nothing?
Quite a lot of these older, more intelligent
and unselfish ones who are not in it for big
salaries like Tobin’s and royal honors and win
ter palaces and well-paid easy jobs for their
relatives, are seriously afraid that the whole
cause of unionism and labor is suffering with
the fighting men in this war. They insist that
the strike record has been exaggerated, a con
tention which I will not argue just now, but
they know that the fighters, nevertheless, be
lieve the unions have laid down on them and
afe coming home sore whiclf, of course, would
be very bad for the soldiers, sailors and*ma
rines, themselves, when they get back to ci
vilian work. The result might be government
control of unionism which would amount to an
American equivalent of the Nazis’ labor front.
I tell them in honesty, they ought to admit
that the guy has turned a few tricks that
they should have done themselves but were
afraid to tackle until the bums had been soft
ened up by long hammering and had been
maneuvered over near the door where one
quicK snove would noost them out.
But nope, they won’t let on. These people,
and I mean the good ones, let these dirty
conditions develop by moral and physical cow
ardice and neglect during years when they
were respected and even honored as worthy
spokesmen of labor and paid to keep the
movement clean. Their practice is to move
along behind and mop up, installing the best
successors they can find as the vermin are
eliminated and to take credit to themselves
for the reforms.
Well, I don’t much mind, at that. I am
beginning to understand that, historically,
when a bad condition has been corrected, the
people usually just write off the bye-gones
and go on forward. The rose-rubbing that fol
lowed the Civil war and the Bolshevik mas
sacres which took place after the Romanoffs
had been slaughtered and Kerensky’s moder
ate government had been chased out are great
exceptions. In the A. F. of L., when a crook
has been driven out they try to forget him
and help the union back to its feet for the
sake of the cause and the members, although
I must say they usually put the cause ahead
of the members forgetting that without mem
bers the cause couldn’t exist. They don’t even
bother to sue on the bonds of their corrupt
and discredited officers or attach their riches
to reimburse the members.
There are still some of their unions that
need de-lousing, such as the Maloney-Fay thing
known as the Operating Engineers, the Boiler
makers, whose rank and file are good people
but largely inexperienced in unionism, the
Moreschi shakedown of the poor common la
borers and the teamsters. I think Joe Padway,
the general counsel of the A. F. of L., should
be repudiated because of his notorious asso
ciation with some of the vilest of the crooks
in the role of attorney and that Green should
be deposed for his failure to take the offen
sive against the racketeers, although soberly,
I doubt they will ever go that far with Green.
Then, maybe, we could have a decent A. F.
of L.', fit to represent the fighters in that
brave new world of the future. But time is
a’wasting and a lot- of them are back home
already, so these decent unioneers had better
get going themselves and not wait for me.
-V
What was von Rundstedt trying to achieve?
I don’t know. The only guide we have is his
order of the day which told his soldiers they
must go all out on this last big effort. — Field
Marshal Sir Bernard L. Montgomery.
• * *
Strange as it may seem, certain publications
issued on British and American territory some
times seem to be more preoccupied with the
subject of difficulties, real or imaginary,
among the leaders of the anti-German coali
tion than the German press itself. — Moscow
radio.
Plans for the Future
WITH THE AEF:
Meet Doc Ward-A Legen d Of The Front
By KENNETH L. DIXON
WITH THE AEF ON THE
BELGIAN FRONT, Jan. 15—UP>
They call him Doc Ward—and don’t
put any quotation marks around
thaP’Doc, because it isn’t a slang
term and it isn’t a gag.
It’s part of a living legion which
you hear up here. The voices of
Doughboys freezing in their fox
holes grow warmer and softer with
pride as they tell about him.
He isn’t a doctor. He’s a medical
aid sergeant and his right name is
Robert. E. Ward. He’s 27 and he
comes from Princeville, 111., where
bis mother now lives.
But he is Doc Ward to the entire
334th Regiment. And his legend has
spread until the whole 84th Divi
sion claims him.
“He has personally saved the
lives of at least a hundred men,’
said Capt. James V. Johnston of
Portland, Ore., his current com
mander.
But that is not the complete to
tal, even in his own division where
he has roamed two regiments car
ing for wounded and carrying them
out to safety. Doughboys of the
130rd Infantry and Tommies of
British units have seen his tall,
heavy frame standing over them
when they lay wounded and writh
ing in pain.
They have seen his sad, quiet
face bend down and then things got
easier. No matter how hot the
fighting was, Doc carried them out.
He worked with those outfits
when his own company was resting
or in reserve—for Doc can't seem
to rest.
“He lives with a broken heart,’
said the battalion chaplain one day.
“He has had too many men die in
his arms.’
Maybe that’s it. There is nothing
in his background out of the ordi
nary. He had no medical training
other than what the Army gave
him. He went to high school and
then got a half-year of business
college training. Then he helped
with payrolls and answered the
telephone and- did things like that
for the public service company in
Peoria.
That’s his background. That and
something which has given him a
strange, almost superhuman, drive
that gets him everywere.
“It’s miraculous,’’ said a soldier
lying with his eyes closed in a
hospital today. “Whenever there is
a wounded guy, he shows up.”
During the La Roche battle his
previous battalion commander was
hit by direct machinegun fire out
front with his men. The first man
to reach him was Doc Ward.
"The others were pinned down
—hell, they were more than that,
They were nailed to a cross there
on the ground, but he got through
unwounded,’ a colonel muttered
later.
He was awarded the Bronze Star
for pulling a wounded British tank
commander out of his tank while
it was under direct machinegun
fire and the tough Tommies watch
ed in amazement. But it didn’t sur
prise Doc’s sidekicks.
In addition to his uncanny ap
pearances where he is needed
worst, Doc has a preoccupied fear
lessness which as yet, at least,
has been .rewarded by a miracu
lous immunity.
Right after he aided his wound
ed battalion commander he stood
talking to two men during the La
Roche attack. He walked away
just as an artillery shell killed one
of them and wounded the other.
Another time, one aid man
crawled toward them. The German
gunner saw him and turned a
deadly swath of fire on him. Doc
hid behind two dead bodies near
by and finally got up and ran for
it. Later 42 bullet holes were count
ed in one body behind which he
had taken cover.
He has refused a higher rating
and a job back at the battalion
aid station where he is safer. He
thinks he can do more good with
the company. So does Captain
Johnston.
“During the La Roche fight, Doc
personally was responsible for
evacuating three-fourths of the
wounded of all five companies,”
he said. “He has been under more
enemy fire than any man in this
entire battalion. In every scrap he
is under fire. He has demonstrat
ed more personal bravery than
any man I have ever seen in com
bat.”
r ?
Washington Calling
-By Marquis Childs
WAamiNuxuiN, Jan. la—Eor all
the Allied world, the postponement
of victory in Europe has been a
crushing blow.
But if we feel it here in Amer
ica, especially the prolongation of
the tension which is the state of
mind of millions with sons and
fathers and husbands in the fight
ing, consider th3 plight of one
small country that for nearly five
years has known no surcease from
suffering.
Virtually outside the orbit of the
Allied victories of 1944, Norway is
almost a forgotten country. Yet
Norway was an ong the first of
the western democracies to come
under the tyranny of the Nazis.
Not long ago, the Norwegian gov
ernment-in-exile asked the Allies
to invade Norway, and that ap
peal had in it a note of despera
tion.
When I was in Sweden a year
and a half ago, Norwegians who
came out of their country via the
underground took a grave view of
what another winter of Nazi occu
pation would do. The Norwegian
people had not starved, but they
were close to th* line.
Inside Norway, they were pin
ning their hope on liberation in
the spring of 1944. The theory—
and it certainly was not confined
tq Norway—was that Germany
could not last through another win
ter. Lacking any real hope, the
Norwegians lived on rumors of
hope which went in waves via the
underground.
Now they are enduring still an
other winter of Nazi occupation.
The reluctant sun sheds a thin
light for a little while in the mid
dle of the day. The rest is dark
ness and raw, numbing cold knif
ing into bodies long in want of
sustaining foods.
Recent reports coming out of
Norway show that the occupation
has become more savage and bru
tal during the past six months.
While there was even a slim
chance of a negotiated peace which
would not sacrifice everything, the
Nazi troops maintained some mod
eration. Th'ey even resisted the
worst excesses of the Gestapo.*
Today there are no restraints.
The arrogance of victory has bfen
replaced by the hatred and frus
tration of defeat.
Latest estimates put about 200,
000 Germans in Norway. The army
of occupation is comprised of
more than 100,000 troops—about 10
to ,11 divisions of about 10,000
each. For the most part, these are
ycung boys or middle-aged men.
The German civilian organization,
the Gestapo and the Todt slave
labor battalions under the Ger
man lash, make up the rest. And
many Nazis have their wive* with
them.
The invaders live almost entire
ly off the country For a time,
the Germans sent in some food.
That has now stopped. They have
said they have no interest in what
happens to the Norwegian popu
lation. Obviously, this is part of
the calculated policy to weaken
all peoples as much as possible.
In the Arctic north, the Rus
sians have driven.the Nazis out of
several hundred square miles of
Norwegian territory. As the Rus
sians came in, the Germans burfi
ed the villages, turning families
out of their little- wooden houses
to almost certain death in the
Arctic winter. The saga of the
wanderings of the dispossessed
women and children of Kirkenes
and the smaller communities is
one more chapter in the record
of Nazi ruthlessness.
According to reports out of Nor
way, relations with the invading
Russians have been good. Admin
istration of civil affairs has been
left to Norwegians But the Rus
sians can do little to alleviate the
suffefing, since they have only ■
their own ration?.
In fact, recent dispatches from
London reveal that Russia has re
M
quested her western Allies to re
lieve her even of the task of gar
risoning the territory her armies
have liberated. But the United
States and Britain had to refuse
on the grounds that, because of
the demands of the Western Front,
they could not ye spare the neces
sary troops and supplies.
-—-V
FPC APPROVAL
WASHINGTON, Jan. 15.— </F) —
The Federal Power Commission
approved today a proposal by the
Florida Power Corp., St. Peters
burg, to eliminate from its electric
power plant accounts $6,834,596
representing excess over original
cost.
-V
Connecticut is the first state in
the Union to set up its own Bu
reau of Inter-American Affairs.
Interpreting
The War
By KIRKE L. SIMPSON
Associated Press War Analyst
German reports of a vast Red
Army winter offensive in progress
from, the Danube to East Prussia
•‘aimed at ending the war" in
Europe lack full Russian confirm
ation.
But they were too circumstantial
for doubt that a supreme military
crisis is developing for Nazidom,
caught in a gigantic Russian-AR
lied vice.
Enemy broadcasts painted an
even darker picture than any
published Allied or Russian es
timate of the situation.
The Nazi home front thus could
have no reasonable doubt that
battles or decision were shaping
up or already had been fought
and lost in east and west alike
That could be sensed in Belgium
where the counter bulge created in
Allied lines by the German De
cember attack was crumbling
away fast. The German retreat
still was far short of a complete
rout but it was verging that way
just as the full strain of the mas
sive Russian main attack fell upon
the foe in Poland.
It hardly needed Moscow’s for
mal announcement to confirm the
German report of White Russian
armies on the move in the north
ern as well as the southern Vistula
bridgeheads and also west of the
Narew above Warsaw.
In the first broad fronted Rus
sian thrust to expand the upper
Vistula bridgehead, Krakow was
menaced. The Nida tributary of
the Vistula, the only important
water hazard or other natural
military barrier guarding the old
Polish capital on the east, had
been crossed by the Russians on
a wide front northeast of the city.
The main attack appeared driv
ing due west on a 30-mile wide
front midway between the Krakow
and Kielce, rear anchorages of
the whole south flank of the Ger
man ucitnse uue in ruiana norm
of the Carpathians. It seemed
aimed at by-passing both the
Krakow and Kielce bastions to
strike directly at the concentrat
ed hub of Nazi war industries in
the southeast, the Gleiwitz-Kato
wice city group only 30 miles or
less beyond Russian advance ele
ments. But instead of by-passing
Kielce, the Russians were already
astride the main rail and hoad
communications between the War
saw and Krakow flanks of the
German front. They virtually
were split apart by the Russian
drive beyond the Nida with an
implication that the German de
fense deployment had been caught
off guard, expecting the Russian
thrust to swing northward down
the west bank of the Vistula rath
er than to strike westward.
The maneuver saw the fall of
Kielce today.
■ The expanding upper Vistula
salient now has been driven more
than 60 miles deep beyond the
original Russian crossings. It is
a wide-based salient, powerfully
bolstered against enemy counter
action on the south where <s
shoulder rests against the north
flank of the rugged Carpathians.
As far as it can be traced on
the maps, that main Russian
bridgehead beyond the Victula be
gins to shape up as the northern
arm of a huge Red Army pincer
attempt to storm simultaneously
the Galician gateway to central
(Continued on Page Ten)
-V
Daily Prayer
FOR FATHER CAR OF SONS
Day and night our thoughts turn
to our sons in service, with love's
great yearning, desiring for them
safety and success. We would chan
nel all petitions through Thy throne,
O God, our king and our Fathe'
Thou carest for them, and Thou
also hast the power to fulfill our
prayers. May there surge through
our spirits* a new’ confidence in Thy
purposes. There is none other be
side Thee who can fulfill our desires
for our dear ones. In drawiig
near to Thee we draw neai ;o
them. Grant that their spirits md
oiys may meet at Thy mercy set.
May neither they nor we du au;ht
that would bring the blush of
shame to the other's cheek. Let ill
of our thoughts of one another ie
prideful, confident thoughts; aid
whether our reunion is to be hee
in our house, or in the Fathei's
house of many mansions, may oif
love be satisfied, O tender and pa)
tient Father, from wmom we havt
learned all that we know of lovei
Amen.—W.T.E.
The Literary Guidepost
By W. G. ROGERS
“TOMORROW’S BUSINESS”,
by Beardsley Ruml (Farrar &
Rinehart; J2.50). “DEMOCRA
CY UNDER PRESSURE,” by
Stuart Chase (Twentieth Cen
tury Fund; $1).
Economist Chase’s book is
fourth in a series prepared under
the genera] title; “When The War
Ends,” and like businessman
Ruml’s, it contains the productive
and financial structure of this
country when the Axis is whipped.
No doubt the stories from the Phil
ippines and the Rhineland make
hematic reading, but the battles
[or hill production and full em
ployment will be with us longer;
ve won't get the greatest benefits
horn victory abroad today unless
ive win victory at home tomorrow.
As a (nattier of fact, however,
“base bus a light touch and wit,
ind can even make you enjoy read
ng dry-»*.dust-statistics. For him,
lolumni of figure* add up accom
qodately to a laugh.
He sees the familiar military
squeeze piH.v being worked in this
country by pressure groups, and
particularly by the three Big B's
. . . the bad. busy B’s, he would
call them, too: Big Business, Big
Labor and Bib Agriculture. He
wants these “Me First" boys to let
up and consider America first.
Ruml’s book is a sort of manual,
a Bible for businessmen, most
of whom will read and like it.
He and Chase are by no means
so far apart as might be expected,
though the pay-as-you-go tax pi n
author advocates fiscal policies
over on the conservative side.
Here for instance are some typ
ical Rumlings: “Taxes on corpor
ation profits have three principal
consequences—all of them bad.
Labor unions “exist because of the
unequal position of the worker un
der business rule-making.’’ “The
word ’cartel’ is an elegant name
for a simple profit to be made n
monopolizing a 'small market than
in competing for a large one. "Cn
tier certain circumstances," me
nigher the profit,-the bettei the
interests of all are served." The
need of tariffs for revenue 9ur'
poses has long sine* passed."

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