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The Star News can not be responsible for currency sent through the mails. __ MEMBER OF THE ASSOCIATED PRESS AND ALSO SERVED BY THE UNITED PRESS With confidence in our armed forces—with the unbounding determination of our people— we will gain the inevitable triumph—so help ns God. Roosevelt’s War Message. WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 17, 1945. THOUGHT FOR TODAY “Memory is given to us,” said a great man, “so that we might have roses in De cember” . . . The distinctive thing about the Christian life is that the best is ever on before us; the best is yet to be. . . . There is no such thing as growing old for the Christian. DR. ARCHER WALLACE. Reading Public In one of her "My Day" columns. Mrs. Roosevelt wonders "whether the great ma jority of people really read their newspapers and whether, when they listen on the radio, they take in much of what they hear."’ We suspect that this question might have oc curred to Mrs. Roosevelt after reading a good many paper's and listening to a good many commentators during the last four presidential campaigns, and then adding up the popular vote on the second Wednesday after the firs! Monday in November. Hard To Please President Roosevelt spoke glowing words of praise for France in his recent message to Congress. Yet General de Gaulle's biographer has expressed bitter disappointment that the President did not mention the general by name. Gov. Thomas E. Dewey has been taken to task by Democratic leaders of the New York state legislature for proposing a legislative pro gram that the Democrats themselves have been trying to put across. Obviously the President would have disap pointed General de Gaulle’s biographer ever, more if he had failed to praise France And Gov. Dewey would have been taken even more seriously to task if he had proposed a pro gram contrary to Democratic inclinations. In politics expecially, it seems that one is damned if one does and damned if one doesn’t. Postwar Travel In a recent advertisement one of our do mestic airlines has published its postwar time table of flights from San Francisco to Calcutta. In 1929 this airline, TWA. inaugurated the first transcontinental service using planes. The elapsed time of these runs (with train travel at night) was about 35 hours from New York to Los Angeles. After the war, according to present plans, a TWA passenger will be able to go from San Francisco to Vienna or Milan in slightly less time than the New York-Los Angeles time of 16 years ago. We think that's encouraging and pretty won derful. And we would think that it was even more wonderful if someone could guarantee to us that mutual international cooperation, sympathy and respect would be increased in direct proportion to the increased speed of in ternational travel. -V Up To The People The industries of the United States have just started a job that deserves unrestrained com mendation. Thousands of them, through the National Industrial Information committee, have joined in the greatest informational cam paign to the people ever attempted by pri vate enterprise. The outstanding feature of this endeavor is the fact that a meeting of thousands of minds In all lines of diversified production and em ployment, was secured to act as a unit in presenting a program to the public on the Job industry must do and will do in meeting what ase commonly called postwar psoblems At a matter of fact, they are problems tbat we have all faced since the world began, of earning our daily bread and butter. But never before has industry, in clear and concise language, tried to show the people where the public interest in helping to maintain condi tions conducive to investment, and employ ment, and production, is greater than the in terest of any industry involved. In a series of advertisements that is running throughout the nation, the National Industrial Information committee is endeavoring to make <__i clear to the wage earner, the capitalist, the housewife and the employer, that there is no mythical means of making jobs either by in dusty or the government—that it is the peo ple themselves who, by their own acts, create the conditions that make or destroy employ ment. earnings savings and government. While industry must furnish the jobs and will do all in its power to accomplish that end, the people, who in turn, are the workers, the investors and the government, have the solution of industrial problems that create em ployment, in their own hands. Industry in the United States represents America—not a few stockholders. The people must realize, and realize soon, that neither in dustry nor government can be more success ful than the people will it to be. Industry is doing a tremendous job in focusing public at tention on this issue. -V--— A Late Look The House Military Affairs Committee, ac cording to a dispatch from Washington, would like to canvass the manpower problems in military and war production fields before reaching any decision. A look before a leap is certainly commend able. But why is the committee (and ap parently the House and Senate) only now getting around to look? And why has legis lation to cure these manpower problems al ready been introduced when congressional information is apparently so inadequate? The existence of manpower shortages in certain critical fields is not news. The Presi dent first asked Congress for national service legislation well over a year ago. And since that first tentative request the manpower sit uation has gone from better to worse. The need for more ammunition, heavy ar tillery, trucks and tires, radar equipment and cotton duck is six months old. Congress has known of this need. It has sent some of its members to the battlefronts to see the result of i shortages with their own eyes. It has received ! from War Mobilizer Eyrne* a detailed report on production ar.d manpower problems. And new, when enough of everything and more to spare is needed to press the attack in the Philippines and throw back the Germans in Europe, the House Military Affairs Com mittee wants to canvass the situation. What has the committee, and Congress in ' general, been doing in the meantime? Well, | for one thing, they were pretty busy running I for office. There was the question last summer [ of recessing without unbecoming haste so that the members might get home to their constit uents. And after the elections were over there was really very little that the waning 78th Congress felt that it could do, emergency or no emergency. And then what happened when the new Con gress finally rolled up its sleeves and prepared to tackle its critical tasks? Well, the first order of business in the House was to reconstitute the so-called Dies Committee and put it on a permanent basis. There was also considerable talk of investigating organizations like the CIO—PAC and curbing their future activities. We don’t say that a congressional committee to investigate un-American activities is not, in principle, a good thing. Nor do we^contend that “non-partisan” political organizations should be immune to investigation. But we do main tain that they are not of first importance to day, at the expense of pressing military needs. _v_ Mr. Vandenberg’s Speech Senator Arthur Vandenberg, Republican and pre-war isolationist, helped launch the Senate’s foreign policy debate with a speech that merits the attention and admiration of all friends of international postwar peace. He was specific. He proposed an immediate treaty among the leading powers to demili tarize Germany and Japan permanently. This, he suggested, would remove the fear of Axis militarism and the doubt of eventual American co-operation which apparently are driving Brit ian and Russia toward a course of unilateral and bilateral agreements, and power politics. He was practical. He proposed to allow the President prompt authorization of force to car ry out the treaty. He also proposed eventual functions of the Dumbarton Oaks plan calcu lated to cancel some foreseeable objections by “perfectionist’’ colleagues in the Senate. And, as an influential Republican, he charted a course of unity and action for his party. His program is one of positive accomplishment, not negative opposition. It promises a will ing, constructive partnership by the Senate minority in the great and fateful work ahead. In short, Mr. Vandenberg probably did a lot to renew a lot of wavering faith in the Con gress of the United States. -V EDITORIAL COMMENT CONCERNING THE CROW Why a crow honks when he is in flight is one of the things in nature that has always filled me with wonder. Generally, in arising from his rookery or soaring home to it in the twilight, he keeps up a constant honking. When he reaches a watering place in his morning flight, he immediately ceases to honk. In the evening when he has settled down amid the trees, he grows silent again. In crbw language that honking may mean a great deal, but so far as I can make out it is merely a method of letting the world know he is alive.—The Bentztown Bard, in the Bal timore Sun. -V Contrary to the ideas expressed by some of our industrial organizations and labor leaders, I am confident that the great majority of our people want to be told how thay can P> where they are needed and what they s ou | do to back up our fighting men at the lr0IU’ — Navy Undersecretary Ralph A- Bar . t M Fair Enough (Editor’s note.—The Star accepts no re sponsibility for the personal views of Mr. Pegler, and often disagrees with them as much as many of his readers. His articles serve the good purpose of making people think.) By WESTBROOK PEGLER (Copyright, 1945. by King Features Syndicate.) CHICAGO. — The revolution against the terms “GI” and “GI Joe” seems to be pro ceeding nicely but I believe a case can be made for the contention that they were not slapped on the soldiers by outsiders but in vented by the troops themselves. Early in the draft, when the new men were just learn ing army dialect they were impressed by the term “GI” meaning government issue or standard stuff and called themselves “GI's.” Surely that could not have come from the civilians because only a service man could know what it meant. About the same time, the use of the name “Joe” became common among them, too, but, at first the two were employed separately. Speaking of another man in his outfit, a soldier would say "he is a good Joe,” but it was not a term of personal ad dress as in the case of “buddy” in the army of the first world war. A man would not sing out “what outfit, Joe?’’ as his father had saluted strangers in the same cloth with "what outfit, buddy?” Damon Runyon, who is to our native slang as Henry Mencken is to our more substantial, and enduring, if quaint, forms of expression, says that for forty years “a Joe has meant a jasper, a joskin, and yokel” and he may be right but I don’t know where it was so used if so and I have been around many of the places where he has been durine much of the same time, always with an ear stretched out. Joskin I never encountered until he used it a few days ago in deprecating “GI” and “GI Joe” as undignified, but in my time “Joe” was applied exclusively to immigrant Italian laborers on the railroad and other construc tion gangs, and that was long ago. The boss would yell “hey, Joe” and a bunch of them would come a’running. Some people mostly drummers and a few inexperienced travelers who wanted to seem worldly, used to call all Pullman porters, “George,” a practice which was deftly put down by some subtle propa ganda eased into print by the late James Keely, the former tyrant of the city room of the Chicago Tribune who ended his aggres sive career in the milky role of press-agent and good-will provocateur for Pullman in a strange and friendly association with men to whom he would not pass the time of day in the elevator when he was boss. Nobody who knows his way around calls a porter “George” these days and anyone who realiy wants to call a porter by name usually can find it in the little frame at the end of the car. Im migrant Polish laborers were called “§teve” and the Irish who came earlier were called “Mick” or “Mike.” Otherwise, though, and speaking from my own experience, "Joe” seems to have been originally a baseball term, denoting a non descript but earnest sort of fellow who made awful, awkward mistakes and looked very un promising in the spring but later opened his pores, got the hang of things and stood up all right. My memory has it that it was first used, aside from its application to the Italian laborer, about the spring of 1930 when A1 Lopez, the Cuban catcher, came up to join Uncle Wilburt Robinson’s Brooklyn club which always looked hopeless in Clearwater but generally floundered into the first division at the end. Asked if he intended to keep Lo pez. Uncle Wilburt said he didn’t think so because if you had one of those Spicks you had to get another to room with him. Other wise the one wouldn’t have anyone to talk to in his own language. He didn’t always know his players’ names or personalities and here was a highly intelligent young man des tined to be a great catcher, who hadn’t even caught his eye yet. During that camp one of the essayists reported that Uncle Robby would start the geason, as usual, with Dazzy Vance and a lot of guys named Joe but probably would do all right as usual and that, I be lieve, is the true origin of the expression “a lot of guys named Joe” from which the sol diers, in turn, adopted their Joe and with about the same meaning. Used by civilians and the press and radio, however, I agree that “GI” and “GI Joe” do sound familiar, patronizing and undignified and presently will fade. The French soldier was not called "Poilu” in this war. possible because he no longer wears the whiskers that brought the name down on him in 1914. It stuck through the first war even though, w'ith the introduction of the gas-mask which was not designed to accommodate those horse-hair square-riggers and galways, the whiskers had to come off. Mr. Kipling publicized the name Tommy Atkins and the British people did call their enlisted soldiers Tommies and with no dis respect, either, but rather with affection, and the modern British troops, certainly no longer the ignorant Kipling Tommies of the slums, did not resent it. The most horrible mistake of this kind was committed in the First World war when the First division went to France. Some well meaning but silly Englishman thought that because they were nephews of Uncle Sam they should be called Sammies and some of their papers took it up, although anguished Americans writhed, cringed and frothed as they tried to explain why it just wouldn’t do. Pursuing the campaign to imflict this awful thing on the American soldier, another Eng' lishman said it was a term of endearment in vented by our gallant French allies. They had called the troops “Les Amies” which had the effect of “Sammies” if you closed your eyes, held your nose and said it fast. God rest his soul, he was a man of many good works so I will not identify the American editor who thought this was a fine idea and attempted to stick it on the American soldier by ordering his correspondent with the First division to use it always in his dispatches. Fortunately, after a few months, he realized wnat he was doing and dropped the name “Sammies” cold. A man cannot be forced to testify against himself so 1 will never re veal who the correspondent was who became, over his protest, an accessory to the dastard ly attempt. -V Without this war we could not have had the high grade gasoline we have now. Out of it will come better planes, better automobiles, more efficient transportation generally. _ a A F Gen. Henry H. Arnold. * * « The program begun in November for furth er increases to meet General Eisenhower’s needs, now in the tooling and equipping stave will reach top production some time in August or September. _ Maj. Gen. Levin H. CampbeU Army Ordn^jnce chief. ’ “Favorite Stamping Ground** WITH THE AEF: Musicians Help Salvage Wounded By KENNETH E. DIXON ON THE BELGIAN FRONT, Jan. 5.—(Delayed)—UP)—A bunch of musicians have turned medics up here in the cold, snow-covered Ardennes forest, and some of Am erica’s better known bandsmen are playing mercy instruments in a frontline medical experiment. Tney are in the 84th Division’s new “convalescent center,’’ wllich sends slightly wounded Doughboys back into action within 10 days— instead of the month or six weeks it normally would require. It’s an experiment because nor during the month we've had the center in operation we’ve sent more than 35 per cent of our total casualties back into action within 10 days,” said Major Robert J. Day, Omaha, Neb., the division’s clearing company’s surgical chief. By the old system of evacuating them farther to the rear we’d be lucky to get 10 or 15 per cent back that soon.” It’s an expeirment because nor mally a division clearing station isn’t supposed to keep patients more than 72 hours. Thus, when the convalescent center was set up, Army red tape prevented any personnel being available to op erate it. “That’s where the band mem bers came in,” said M/Sgt. Wil liam Disbrow, Cranford, N. J. "It takes 37 men and officers to run the center, and 28 of them came from the division band.” They set up 200 cots, litters and pallets on the floor of an old Belgian castle and sent for the band boys. Sgt. Phil Ford of San Francisco and Alameda, Calif., who used to have his own bana on the West Coast, was one of the first to show up. He brought along his clarinet and saxaphone and composed nov elty pieces and songs in his spare time. When he isn’t making beds or changing dressings hes singing songs to the boys—"Cigaret For Poppa” and "Uncle Sammy, Take Care of My Gal” are two of his own compositions that the Dough bays like best. Along came Cpl. Charles (Pap py) Powell, Ontario Ore., and al though now he’s tuning taut nerves of shaken soldiers, he also had a big string bass with which he used to shake dance floors in Sun Valley, Idaho, Los Angeles and other places. Sgt. A1 Deharris of Uniontown, Pa , beats out on bedpans the tunes he used to drum in Herbie K^’s band. Most famous of all is Cpl. Otto (Coco) Heimel, New Orleans, La., whose guitar provided accom paniment lor 15 years for Gene Austin and made the famous best selling record, ‘‘My Blue Heaven.” Cpl. Bill Sadler, who once had his own outfit in Cincinnati and else where in the Midwest, now tickles the battered division piano. Others include: Pfc. Pete Castellano, New Jersey trumpeter who starred with Eob Crosby and Ina Ray Hutton; Pfc. Rudy Pompili, Philadelphia saxaphonist; and Sgt. William Notini, Lowell, Mass., alto saxa phonist who played in Richard Himber’s band. Most of the wounded Doughboys don’t know the reputations of their ward attendants. They only know their division is taking care of them—which is a lot better than being shunted around from one replacement depot to another. The officers still don’t know whether the Army will extend the idea to other divisions, but they do know that the command ing general of their Army group sent them congratulations, saying they were ‘‘salvaging more fight ing personnel than any outfit in the European theatre of opera tions.” forts of life; who has covered our infancy with his providence, and our riper years with his wisdom and power; and to whose goodness I ask you to join with me in sup plications, that he will so enlighten the minds of your servants, guide their councils and prosper their measures, that whatsoever they do shall result in your good, and shall secure to you the peace, friendship and approbation of all nations.” Those are the words of a man who thought of himself as truly a public servant. (Copyright 1945 by United Feature Syndicate, Inc.) -V A New York internal revenue collector said taxpayers were meeting their obl.gations with very few complaints. People must be living up to the war time warning of "Don’t talk.” Interpreting The War BY KIRKE L. SIMPSON Associated Press War Analyst With the Nazi Belgian bulge but flattened out with British ar(1 American armies on both sides 0< j it on the offensive, Moscow I discloses a Red Army attack d; | tidal wave proportions rol!j. I across the plain of Poland. ! : The east-west ultimate SqueeZ( 1 play long ago projected at Tehran ' seems to be taking shape at w ^ How long it will take to throttl'd ’ Germany into submission is beyond calculation; but there is new sh grim warning to the roe of the purpose behind it. “The war will go on until n* conditional surrender has been oi '• tained,’’ Prime Minister Churchill told Parliamentary hecklers j Moscow left no doubt oi the' tre mendous scope of the twin at! tacks launched over the weekend in Poland. That the whole German defense front from the north f|ar,i of the Carathians to Warsaw and beyond is under concerted Hed Army pressure is Nazi-revealed Russian bulletins covered iwj ' main thrusts boring in beyond be I Vistula. Tr» 1_ estimate that, the Nazi bulge d iv. I en more than 40 miles deep hto h Belgium at high cost has bee-, cut to a bare 115 miles. Less lhari | 400 square miles of the maximum ■ of 2,000 the enemy once held there remain in his hands. By official American estimates that lean heavily toward conserva. I tism it cost the Germans <>o.000 i men, more than twice American t losses, to gain nothing but a brief delay in the Allied winter offensive* That the respite will be brief at best and already may be over is indicated by the British attack in i Holland on the Meuse sector anil the American counter thrust down the Moselle Valley approaching the l Nazi Siegfried Line anchorage ol f Trier. The scope of neither the 1 Meuse nor the Moselle operation i is clear yet A breakthrough to Trier beyond the last indicated American posi tion there would put Patton’s hard hitting armor astride rail and high- | way communications leading di- t rectly north in rear of the south I shoulder of the German bulge into Belgium. It is too early to classify the twin British and American offen sive moves on both f'anks of the Belgian oulg as resumption of the winter campaign. The mere fact that they could be undertaken with in a month of the launching of rhe Nazi drive is significant. It be speaks Allied intention of resuming full scale offensive operations in the west. Daily Prayer FOR DEEPENED WAR SENSE Thou hast given us victories, ,t token that we fight on Thy side. O King over all; and Thou hast permitted defeats to our arms, to chasten our self-confidence, and to recall us to Thyself. By all Tr providences, whether of victory or of defeat, intensify our reliance upon Thy power. May our faith [ not be a shallow thing, shaken by every-changing wind of fortune. In the deepest depths of our hea:;r f may we trust Thee wholly, and R wait patiently for the fulfilment it Thy promises. Surely, it is more to Thee that Thy children he j drawn to Thee, our Father, in ev- | Washington Calling -Bv Marauis Childs WASHINGTON, Jan. 16.—Lights have burned late in the executive offices of the White House in these first weeks of the new year, as the President and Iris staff of as sistants have worked on the re ports and messages which tradi tionally are sent to each new ses sion of Congress. This time, following the budget message and the annual report on the State of the Union, there is also an inaugural address to pre pare. It will be the fourth time that Franklin Delano Roosevelt has taken the oath of the highest office in the land—an unprecedented phe nomenon that will inevitably loom large in our history. Actually, of course, it is no more than confirmation of profound changes which have occurred. Dur ing Roosevelt’s 12 years in office, the character pf the Federal gov ernment has been altered. It is difficult to see how any future president can go back to the rela tively simple governmental struc ture that existed up to 1930. Partisans will argue, from now until Kingdom Come, as to whether this revolution was the result of a conscious, deliberate course pur sued by Franklin Roosevelt, or whether he merely helped to guide the Nation along a path that had become inevitable in the light of changes in our economy which oc curred long before the blustery day in March of 1933 when F. D. R. was first inaugurated. I believe that in the long perspective, Roose velt will be seen to be more effect than cause. His bitterest haters have regard ed him as a sort of god of the machine deliberately forcing the country into radical and untried ways. History ultimately, it seems to me, will show that, more often than not, circumstances dictated the road he took. The President has said that this fourth inaugural address will be shorter than any of the other three. It will be part of a private cere mony to be held with wartime brevity and simplicity on the south portico of the White House. But as the President's ghost writ ers are undoubtedly discovering, it is harder to write a short speech— that is, an effective short speech— than it is to write a long speech. Pascal once said, “I have made this letter rather long only because I have not had time to make it shorter.” Those who are working on what the President eventually will re shape in his own language could, for a guide, go back to an in augural address delivered 140 years ago. At his second inaug ural, Thomas Jefferson spoke with brevity. In many ways, that brief speech could serve as a model. Jefferson, too, had had his bat tles with the press and, in the ad dress he delivered on March 4, 1805, he sharply rebuke the news papers for their "abuses,” but Roosevelt needs no inspiration in his vendetta with the press. It is in another respect that the plain speech of a century and a half ago seems to me to commend it self to the fourth-term President. In a memorable conclusion, Jef ferson shows the humility that is a mark of true greatness: "I shall now enter on the duties to which my fellow citizens have again called me, and shall pro ceed in the spirit of those princi ples which they have approved. 1 fear not that any motives of in terest may lead me astray; I am sensible of no passion which would seduce me knowingly from the path of justice; but the weakness of human nature, and the limits of my own understanding, will pro duce errors of judgment sometimes injurious to your interests. I shall need, therefore, all the indulgences I have heretofore experienced—the want of it will certainly not lessen with increasing years. ‘ I shall need, too, the favor of that being In whose hands we are, who led our forefathers, as Israel of old, from their native lands and planted them in a country flowing with all the necessities and com er-ciuaer ucpcnucntc, man c... victories come invariably to our arms. We pray for this closer walk with God; and we pray for our men. in the fearful stress of bat tle. that they may know themselves to be in Thy companionship and care. Hasten the coming of a peace that will conform to Thy i will; and Thine will be the glory. Amen.—W.T.E. -V NEW FLIGHT SCHEDULE ATLANTA, Ga.. Jan. 16.—(L'P) —Delta Air Lines officials an nounced today a Civil Aeronautics Board application for approval o! a new flight schedule effective Fei> ruarv 5, adding another round trip daily between Atlanta and Savan nah, via Augusta. Compan) spokes men said approval of the applied' tion would provide a morning fh?kl each way on the route, in addition to the present afternoon round trip. BUY WAR BONDS AND STAMP The Literary Guidepost By W. G. ROGERS “I’ll Hate Myself in The Morning" and "Summer in December." by Elliot Paul (Random House: $2.5.)0 Here are two ingeniously plotted and expertly handled mystery sto ries. The first is a Homer Evans yarn laid in North America: the second, laid in Latin America, i. a tale of a German scheme oI conquest. One body is found in the com partment of a streamlined train and the other in the smouldering ruins of a consulate; in both cases youare tolerably interested in the who, why and how. The second story is dedicated to that fine democratic artist, Luis Quintanil la; its whole tone is most laudably patriotic, liberal and anti-Kascist, as invaluable nitrate deposits arc preserved from destruction by Axis villians. These stories have just the right vivid splashes of sophistication from the facile pen of the author of “The Last Time I Saw Paris' and "he Life and Death of a Spanish Town." There are adroit I references to Picasso, Joyce, Frank Harris, so that you feel you | are in the right company: tnt- I are glib touches of French. Gti* jjpyj man and Spanish (with tra”s'3' 9 tions' so that you may delight ^ 9 the impression of scholarship! 9 there is drinking Left-Bank st)A w hieh is from the time you i" jf up until the time you go to be* , and there is sex Left-Bank sty >p which is all around the clock. In the second story, in .vr-^ I Paul himself figures, he quote; ■■ Walt Whitman lines: fi “Me imperturbe, standing ■ ease in Natuje , . . . Aplomb in the midst i irrational things. . _ if ■‘Imperturbe” was the t.”e. ta ft cn from the lines above, of ' of Paul’s early, earnest, '*'■•-■ novels, when he thought v-'rp”'.j 11 was a calling, not a businr • was the man, toe, who wrote ■, solid, sound “Governor of Mas-- || chusettes.” Paul, also, was the c ;| founder, with Eugene Jolas, o!j“ experimental magazine ‘ *r£ ' tion” which helped so import*” | ly to encourage young tale- • | the Twenties and made Paris ^ g nost an essential stop on the * to an American literary care*” ^ The author of these two ® 1 tery stories is another Paul.