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The Wilmington morning star. [volume] (Wilmington, N.C.) 1909-1990, February 02, 1945, FINAL EDITION, Image 1

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VOL_78—NO. 82______WILMINGTON, N. C., FRIDAY FEBRUARY 2, 1945_FINAL EDITION ESTABLISHED 1867 |
Rangers Find
486 Yanks In
Luzon Prison
Force Penetrates Enemy
Lines To Carry Out
Daring Raid
! gEN. MacARTHUR'S HEAD
: QUARTERS. Luzon. Feb. 1.—(JP)—
Green-clad United States Rangers
and Filipino guerrillas rescued 513
gaunt and ragged men, mostly
■ American survivors of the Bataan
"•'death march” and Corregidor,
jn 3 bold raid Tuesday night 25
miles behind Japanese lines.
It ivas the first mass rescue
of prisoners in the Pacific war,
carried out by 407 picked fighters
of [he Sixth Ranger battalion and
guerrillas.
Stealthily piercing the Nuevo
Ecija province hills, the com
mando force led by Lt. Col. Henry
jlucci. Bridgeport, Conn., with the
Filipino guerrilla unit under Maj.
Robert Lapham of Davenport,
Iowa, hit the Cabanatuam prison
camp near Cabu at 7 p. m., their
guns blazing.
The prisoners feared the firing
meant their liquidation by the
Japanese had started—an end to
their nearly three years of cruel
custody since the fall of Bataan
and Corregidor.
The gaunt and hungry men
dodged to t'ne floor, waiting. Then
Rangers burst into the barbed
wire-enclosed barracks with the
reassuring words:
“Take it easy fellows, the Yanks
are here. We got this place, pals.”
Freed were 486 Americans, 23
British, some of whom defended
Singapore; three Netherlands and
one Norwegian. Two of the men
died on the way to safety, their
failing hearts unable to withstand
the ordeal which climaxed their
three years’ imprisonment.
They were all that were left of
the Cabantuan camp, which once
held 10.000 captives. Hundreds
had died from disease, malnutri-1
tion or mistreatment. Others had
been removed to work camps in
Japan.
i cli r.Jjj ui L11C dapantot pucuuo
proceeded briskly, the 121 Rangers
and 236 Filipinos moving with
deadly precision,
| With no time to lose, the res
cuers and rescued started their
night forced march back to Am
erican lines. Some of the prison
ers walked despite tropical ulcers,
wounds and bodily weakness. Oth
ers were carried on the backs of
Hangers. Some rode in carabao
carts.
The Japanese struck the column
in persistent tank-led attacks, but
the Americans and Filipinos were
not to be denied their prizes.
_ Fighting on the way back took
523 Japanese lives, better than one
for every rescued man, and cost
th- enemy 12 tanks.
The daring operation cost the
H;'es of 27 Americans and Fili
i Pinos- Two more were wounded.
;i "No incident of the campaign
; J s given me such personal satis
faction. Gen. Douglas MacArthur
j !ajd in his communique announc
; tog the rescue.
To emphasize his satisfaction,
“e awarded decorations to every
m*'*3er of the Commando party.
Cheering Doughboys of the Am
W.can liberation army lined the
roadway as the prisoners were
vven in trucks and ambulances
an evacuation hospital for food
«na new clothing.
'■OT'.e of the prisoners appeared
. , ■ finable to realize their good
hand"0’ return to friendly
u.hos o! them plainly showed
itii]16 allon' A few of the officers
; \ore their insignia of rank.
, rcanased to retain their
other~ed Army campaign hats;
’ iaunty J®,. 0verseas caps at
’ of'rtf'S b”ed. the eyes of many
f saw e,,men tv.ien they once again
etiuinm6 Arr,ei'ican flag and the
United1 sp and mighty of the new
su otatgg Army.
* siv 1tam o£ iteration became
l *e!e T reality when the men
under frledon^11' ^ breakfast
biscuff’ me.a1" grapefruit, coffee,
vince,, a!lL :,am were the con
with en’th 'ley tackled the food
diet marihUSlaSrn bred on a prison
Reffl0dLUpt rnostly o£ rice.
92nd pv.cd ‘arther back, to the
was acuation hospital, there
facilities^ '°°d *or them and ful1
and dtse-fGl- treatment of wounds
National Service Act
Wins House Approval
If Bill Is Passed by Senate, It Will Assure
Full Manpower for War Production;
Measure Strongly Opposed
WASHINGTON, Feb. 1.— (AP)—Brushing aside every
proposed major change, the House passed and sent to the
Senate today legislation to coerce men between 18 and 45
into war plants.
Passage of the measure requested by President Roosevelt
came only after its backers staved off a mighty drive by op
LEGRAND’S TAX
BILL REJECTED
State Experts Point To
Huge Loss If Proposal
Passes
RALEIGH. Feb. 1.—(Jf)— A bill
to allow North Carolinians the de
duction of Federal Income taxes
in computing net taxable income
received an unfavorable report t»
iay from the House of Committee
on Finance.
The measure, introduced by Rep.
LeGrand of New Hanover, was
considered in connection with an
amendment which .instead of per
mitting an over-all deduction of
Federal income taxes, W'ould have
permitted deductions on Federal
income taxes not to exceed $1,000.
The committee was told that un
der provisions of the amendment
a maximum deduction of $70 for in
dividuals and of $60 for corpora
tions, would be allowed .
Rep. Shuford of Catawba, who
apposed the bill, said that he con
sidered the proposal “ridiculous.”
and “disastrous to the economic
and financial structure of fhe
State.” State tax experts attending
the committee meeting pointed out
that the State would lose approxi
mately $5,000,000 in revenue dur
ing the next biennium if the meas
ure passed.
A second bill, also by Rep. Le
Grand, proposing to amend the
Revenue Act relating to the intangi
bles tax on shares of stock, was
deferred “indefinitely” by the com
mittee upon the motion of LeGrand.
Three measures introduced in
the Senate by Sen. Carlyle of For
syth and already passed by that
oody were received favorably by
:he House committee.
ponents to substitute a volun
tary plan for meeting man
power needs.
The substitute, backed heavily
by Republicans, went down by a
non-record vote of 187 to 177. Earl
ier, the House decisively rejected
moves to incorporate in the legis
lation a so-called “anti-closed
shop” amendment and a ban
against giving essential rating to
an employer unwilling to hire a
worker because of his race, color
or creed.
Also defeated, on a standing vote
o* 205 to 71 shortly before the final
ballot, was proposal by Represen
tative Voorhis (D-Calif) to handle
the problem by giving the W'ar
Manpower Commission authority
to impost labor ceilings on employ
er? and to provide for renegotia
tion of war confacts by employers
using labor obtained through the
WMC program.
While the House was taking fi
nal action, production and mi'itary
sources, which strongly backed the
measure throughout, put in a new
argument—that the extent of re
conversion aftci' V-E Day wilt de
pend to a considerable extent on
the fate of limited National Service
bill.
If a bill is passed which would
assure that war plants would be
manned to the full extent needed
to wind up the European war and
wage the Pacific war successfully,
these officials said, reconversion
activity could be pushed ahead
more rapidly than otherwise.
This would be true, it was stated,
because the legislative controls
over "job-jumpers” would stabilize
the labor supply, insuring against
any exodus from war plants oc
casioned by a limited resumption
of civilian goods production.
As it finally passed, ibe bill fol
lows recommendations of the House
Military Committee almost to the
word.
Wallace Clique Succeeds
In Postponing Showdown
WASHINGTON, Feb. 1—(UP) -
With an important assist from
President Roosevelt, Senate sup
porters of Henry A. Wallace today
succeeded in salvaging temporari
ly his nomination to be Secretary
of Commerce by agreeing to strip
the job of its lending powers and
then winning postponement ol an
actual vote on the nomination it
self until March 1.
Administration supporters and a
scattering of Republicans joined
forces to score a surprisingly swift
succession of victories that en
hanced Wallace's prospects of win
n'ng Senate confirmation a month
hence as Commerce Secretary
without the lending powers.
First, by a hair-line 43 to 41
vote, they defeated a motion b>
anti-Wallace forces that would
have scuttled the nomination im
mediately.
Taking advantage of this narrow
opening, they then rushed through
a motion to begin consideration of
the George bill to divorce the Gov
ernment’s multi-billion-dollar lend
ing agencies from the Commerce
department where they have re
posed since 1942. Within two hours,
the George bill was passed by a
74 to 12 vote and went to the
House.
Then, at the strategic moment,
Senate Democratic Leader Alber
W Barkley of Kentucky read a
letter from Mr. Roosevelt pledging
'hat he would sign the George bill
-the one action apparently need
ed to assure Wallace's confirms
tinn as Commerce Secretary.
Thus assured, the Senate bj
voice vote adopted Harkley’s mo
p,on to postpone consideration o:
the nomination. This will give th<
House and Mr. Roosevelt ample
time to make the Gtorge bill law.
The President's inter, sen; from
the Wlrte House by Presidential
Adviaer Samuel !. Rosenman was
what Wallace supporters had been
hoping for. They had become re
signed to the fact that Wallace
would be defeated if they insisted
that he alsc be given control ever
the lending agencies — powers
which had been exercised by Jes
se H. Jones as Secretary of Com
merce since 1942. Therefore, they
were willing to settle for the Com
merce job only, confident that
they could overcome opposition to
the Wallace nomination.
Mr. Roosevelt’s message said:
"In 1942 when I transferred cer
tain functions of the Federal Loan
Agency to the Department of Com
merce by executive order, 1 pro
vided that they should be returned
to that agency six months after
the conclusion cf the war or soon
er, if the President or Congress
should decide upon an earlier date.
Therefore, should the Congress re
turn these furctions to the Fed
eral Loan agency at this time by
Iht George resolution, L would ap
prove the measure.”
The letter appeared to clear the
way for eventual confirmation of
the nomination although some con
servative elements served notice
that they will continue to oppose
Wallace—come what may.
Sen. Robert A. Taft. (R-O) told
ihe Senate that while he was wilt
ing to postpone consideration of
the nomination, he was "just as
much opposed to the nomination
after the bill is passed as before.”
New Landing
Forges Trap
For Japanese
Third Drive Into Luzon
Puts Yanks 20 Miles
From Manila
GEN. MacARTHUR’S HEAD
QUARTERS, Luzon, Friday, Feb.
2.—W—A new landing southwest
of Manila—the third invasion of
Luzon island—forged the jaws of
a trap north and south of the
Philippine* capital, with some
Yank columns reported today as
a bare 20 air miles away.
Virtually sealing off the possi
bility of Nipponese troops south
of Manila joining those to the
north, 11th Division troops of the
Eighth Army landed at Nasugbu
on the west coast of Batangas
province 32 miles southwest of
Cavite naval base.
They opened a drive north while
Yanks of the Sixth Army pressed
south from Calumpit down Bula
can province to the Angat river,
the closest approach to Manila.
These Yanks have covered approx
imately 100 miles since their Jan
uary 9 landing at Lingayten Gulf.
Eighth Army elements which
landed Monday northwest of Ma
nila and quickly secured Subic
Bay as a base for the Seventh
Fleet were reported today to be
moving east against light enemy
resistance across the base of Ba
taan Peninsula toward a juncture
with Sixth Army columns driving
southwest from Lubao.
MacArthur reported the enemy
was “caught off balance and we
landed w'ithout loss’’ at Nasugbu.
A fine road leads from Nasugbu
to Manila by way of Tagaytay
ridge through Cavite province.
He said:
* <rrv„ ; _ --4: „ i _
Eighth Army on the south side of
Manila, which is now the center
of converging columns of the
Sixth and Eighth Armies. It large
ly seals off the possibilities of the
enemy troops south of Manila join
ing those in the north, and defi
nitely outflanks the enemy’s de
fense lines in southern Luzon."
Meanwhile Sixth Army Yanks
moving south upon Manila from
captured Calumpit reached a point
only 22 miles from Manila as they
reached the Angat river in Bula
can province.
Eighth Army troops who landed
on the west coast of Zambales
province just north of Subic Bay
Monday were advancing eastward
against only light Japanese re
sistance in their drive to seal
off the Bataan Peninsula.
MacArthur announced the hard
hitting First Cavalry Division
which distinguished itself on Yeyte
now was committed to the Luzon
campaign.
In the northern sector, First
Corps forces seized San Nicholas,
six miles east of San Manuel on
a road, vital to the Japanese, lead
ing to the Cagayan Valley of
northern Nuzon.
Four miles to the south, other
units made a four-mile gain to
ward the eastern foothills.
r - i
Enemy Lines
Pierced In
Deep Drive
25 Towns Overrun As Sieg
Fried Forts Are Found
Deserted
PARIS, Friday, Feb. 2. —(UP) —
Four advancing Allied armies
drove the Germans back along a
200-mile front from Monschau
south to Colmar yesterday, over
running 25 towns as gains of two to
five miles penetrated Siegfried for
tifications some of which were
found abandoned.
This was the picture along the
front as the Germans fought or
fled before the expanding Allied
offensive in the West:
U. S. First Army: Gained close
to three miles and captured four
towns in Monschau forest and in
Germany to the south, passing un
opposed through main West Wall
tank obstacles east of Malmedy
to reach belt of pillbox defenses
deserted at some points by the
Germans.
U. S. Third Army: Drove two
and one half miles into Siegfried
defenses and captured five towns
while expanding the Our river
bridgehead into Germany to more
than seven miles wide and almost
four miles deep.
French First Army: Overran 14
towns in maximum gains of five
miles, swept to the Rhine along
a widening front, drove within a
half mile of Colmar and brought
the German escape bridge within
a half mile of Colmar and brought
the German escape bridge from
the Colmar pocket under heavy
nr+illprv firp
U. S. Seventh Army: Broke six
day lull to attack across Germans’
Model- river defense, line, gaining
two miles to enter Oberhoffen and
clean out enemy hornets’ nest in
Stainwald woods north of Gamb
scheim.
U. S. Ninth Army: Held in check
amid Berlin assertions that all
preparations for a major offen
sive in Aachen area now complet
ed.
Meanwhile, German panic in the
face of First and Third Army
attacks from the west was clearly
suggested by the enemy's aban
donment of 12 field guns near Sol
heim, which were left intact with
ammunition boxes open and sights
attached.
(A Washington dispatch quoted a
highly authoritative military source
as suggesting that the Germans
were planning to retire to the far
bank of the Rhine to avoid being
trapped against a river whose
bridges were bombed out.)
Late reports on the French First
Army's three-day-old drive be
tween Strasbourg and Colmar said
that tank and infantry forces were
patrolling a three-mile stretch of
the Rhine southeast of Marckol
sheim and that other troops had
driven to within thijee miles of the
German escape bridge at Neuf
Brisach after overrunning Widen
solen, reached earlier in the day.
City Business Section
Darkens For \Brownout’
Wilmington darkened down again
last night after a year of freedom
from blackouts, dim-outs and simi
lar manifestations of war-enforced
gloom.
The brown-out, a coast-to-coast
measure decreed by the War Pro
duction Board at the request of
James F. Byrnes, War Mobiliza
tion Director, differed from either
of the previous restrictions on light
ing both in purpose and effect.
The black-out had been aimed
at foiling German bombers, the
dim-out at baffling submarines
hunting merchant ships silhouetted
against the coastal glow. The
brown out is a coal conservation
move, directed at reducing to a
minimum outdoor lighting of all
varieties in order to lessen the
fuel consumption of coal-operated
generators.
Public-service lighting, including
street lamps and traffic lights, has
been affected very little by the
order.
The chief changes observable in
Wilmington downtown thorough
fares last night were the absence
of neon signs outside cafes and
newstands, substitution of feeble,
one-bulb glows for the customary
glitters over theater entrances and
the uniform blackness of all dis
play windows.
General placidity marked public
acceptance of the new restriction,
although some slight inconvenience
was experienced by eating-place
seekers, unable to tell from further
than a half-block away whether or
not their objectives were open and
functioning. Window-shopping, na
turally, had come to a dead halt.
Since military security is not in
volved, police procedure in the
brown-out is slower than in the
former restrictions. No patrol is
operated by the Tide Water Pow
er Co. Police report whom they
think to be violators to the Chief
of Police, who relays it to the
power company.
Investigation by the Tide Water
officials is decisive, but not final,
since appeal by merchants or oth
er light-operators can be made to
War Production Board authorities
in Raleigh.
Many Parts Of Front
Deserted By Germans
Huge Sections of Western Area Devoid of
Enemy Resistance; Many Areas Unoccupied
By Either Side; No Concerted Attacks
WITH THE U. S. NINTH ARMY j
IN GERMANY. Feb. 1. — (£>) —
There is something screwy on the
Western Front. ]
There are large sections of the
front where the Germans have sud- ■
denly fled. Allied patrols have fail- ;
ed to contact the enemy, which
means there is considerable terri- ]
tory unoccupied by the Allies or
Germans in a situation that paral
lels the “sitdown” war of 1939.
For the past three days there has
been no German artillery fire on -
U. S. troops attacking eastward
along a line from St. Vith to Mon
schau forest, something virtually
without precedent since the Allies
first reached the West Wall.
In comparatively small and not
too violent local actions, consider
able numbers of Germans are giv
ing up.
In the Ardennes area, U. S.
troops of the 82nd Airborne Divi
sion moved right up to the Sieg
ried Line, finding road blocks and
emporary defenses unmanned.
In the last 10 days the 103nd
)ivision at Brachelen, northeast of
Aachen, captured 97 pillboxes in
act without a fight. The 7th Divi
;ion took 50 more near Monschau
along with 500 prisoners in 48
lours. Six weeks ago it might have
aken weeks to do this.
Along the whole West Wall, con
act has been made recently with
iut one German Armored division.
Die rest are scratch infantry.
A great many German divisions
lave disappeared entirely. There
are few first class troops to be
iound on the Western Front, at
east where the fighting is.
The present Allied attack, which
s concentrated in the Ardennes,
engages only a fraction of the
available Allied forces. There is
10 concentrated effort by everyone
(Continued on Page Three; Col. 6)
DRIVE TO SPEED
NAZI FALL SEEN
Big Three May Have ‘Sur
render Instrument’ Un
der Discussion
LONDON, Feb. 1.— UR —Disclos
ure that a fully fashioned “instru
ment of surrender” awaits only fi
nal Big Three approval was in
terpreted in London tonight as
heralding a major psychological
as well as military drive to bring
about Germany’s capitualtion.
An authoritative source announc
ed that the specific terms to be
handed the Germans after their
surrender had been initialed by
representatives of the United
States, Britain and Soviet Russia,
respectively U. S. Ambassador
John G. Winant, Sir William
Strang, British undersecretary of
State, and Soviet Ambassador Fy
odor Gusev.
Simultaneously came word that
Prime Minister Churchill was tak
ing to the conference with Presi
dent Roosevelt and Premier Mar
shal Stalin — a meeting perhaps
now underway—a concrete British
plan for four-power rule over the
Rhineland and the Ruhr believed
to imply creation of a separate
political and economic entity.
France would share in this meas
ure with Britain, Russia and the
United States.
There was no specific assurance
that the “instrument of surrender’’
would be the basis for a new call
to the Germans to overthrow Hit
ler, but it appeared an obvious
possibility.
The terms, formulated by lead
ers of the European Advisory Com
mission, are so secret it is under
stood that only a few ofthehigh
tents.
It seemed certain that the three
chiefs of state would give the in
strument a high spot on the con
ference agenda.
British and American planes
have been showering Germans
several days with leaflets explain
ing “unconditional surrender.”
B-29S DESTROY
GIANT DRYDOCK
Jap-Held Floating Unit At
Singapore Blasted
Bjr Planes
WASHINGTON, Feb. 1—(UP) —
Upwards of 100 India-based Super
fortresses today destroyed the 855
foot floating drydock of the enemy
held Singapore naval base—long
famous as the largest dock of its
kind—in a 90-minute daylight raid
and lone B-29s continued nuisance
raids on the Japanese mainland.
The big bombers, in addition to
destroying the drydock in the most
successful raid on Singapore, also
set fire to a large Merchant ship
undergoing repairs and hit other
naval installations in the Seletar
sector of Singapore. No B-29s were
lost, although the Japanese tried
to drop phosphrous bombs on the
Forts.
Beconnaissance photo graphs
showed the dock had been
“utterly ruined”, a dispatch from
United Press Correspondent Hugh
Crumpler at the B-29 base report
ed. The British built dock, 855 feet
by 172 and with a capacity of 50,
000 tons, was designed to take the
largest battleship ever built. It be
came Japan’s most important dry
dock in the South Seas after B-29s
destroyed the 1,000 foot Graving
dock last November 6.
Some Superforts hit the main na
val base at north end of the Ja
hore island next to the famous Ja
hore Straits causeway. The main
naval base, in addition to com
plete repair units, contains oil de
pots, ammunition depots, a naval
radio station, an electric power sta
tion, piers, warehouses, and rail
way spurs. The base itself, four
miles long, is equipped to repair
any type of ship.
A few B-29s hit the Georgetown
harbor area at Penang, Sumatra.
A War Department announce
ment said “good to excellent’’ re
sults were obtained by the large
force of bombers. None of the B
19s has been reported lost.
Rescued Yanks Are Dazed
By Return To New World
By RUSSELL BRINES
SIXTH RANGER BATTALION
CAMP, Luzon, Jan. 31.—(Delayed)
—OP)—You could see new life flow
ing into the 513 prisoners of war
rescued by American Rangers and
Filipinio guerrillas from the Japa
nese prison camp in Neuva Ecija
province.
As the caravan of ambulances,
trucks and carts bearing the men
neared the American lines, the oc
cupants showed some uncertainty,
some hesitancy, as if they didn’t
quite believe it all.
They had known that the Yanks
had returned to Luzon — three
years late. But they had fostered
no hopes of sudden liberation.
Their first introduction of the lib
erating power of resurgent Amer
ican arms came about twilight
with the crack of automatic rifle
fire over their camp.
Instinctively they hit the dirt,
thinking the Japanese at last were
liquidating them. Then they saw
the Rangers.
It was too much to believe in
an instant. It was only after they
had seen the Yanks in force that
they again took on the appearance
of free men.
They looked with undisguised
curiosity at the new weapons of
the Yanks who lined either side
(Continued on Page Three; Col. J) i
Kustrin Fight
Rages, Enemy
Radio Admits
Moscow Reveals Advances
Of 11 Miles Toward
German Capital
' T
LONDON, Feb. 1. — ™P> —
Panicky German broadcasts said
tonight that Soviet tank spear
heads had reached the Oder river
30 to 39 miles northeast of Berlin
while the Soviet High Command
announced advances of up to 11
miles toward the German capital.
Alarmed enemy broadcasts
admitted fighting was raging in
the streets of Kustrin, 42 miles
from Berlin, the last foj i, ess city
remaining to the Nazis on the
northeastern roads to the capital,
and Red Army units were said to
have reached the Oders east bank
northwest of Kustrin.
The Soviet High Command com
munique, which is one day behind
the fighting, did not confirm these
German reports. Duhringshof and
Liebenow, both 60 miles northeast
of Berlin, were the closest the Rus
sians themselevs placed Red Army
forces to Berlin.
These adjoining towns were
taken in a three-mile advance.
South of the Warthe river, other
forces advanced up to 11 miles
and hammered to within 29 miles
east of Frankfurt-on-the-Oder by
winning Gleissen. More than 10U
other places were taken on the
roads to Kustrin and Frankfurt,
Moscow said.
Sixty-miles to the southeast, Red
Army forces hammered into Ger
man Silesia in a new area, captur
ing Fraustadt, 54 miles northwest
of Breslau, in a drive to eliminate
a big enemy pocket on the east
bank of the Oder.
The breatn-taKing aavanec
the First White Russian Army was
unchecked and the Soviet news
paper Red Star predicted: “The
doom of Adolf Hitler’s 1,000-year
Reich is a matter of weeks.”
A flood of rumors regarding the
imminence of the battle of Berlin
swept neutral Europe. An ex
change telegraph dispatch from
Stockholm quoted travelers arriv
ing from Berlin by air, that Soviet
patrols reached the “outer suburbs
of Berlin” early this morning, but
withdrew without an engagement.
The roar of distant battle was
said to be audible in Berlin. Soviet
fighters and dive-bombers ranged
far ahead of advancing Red Army
spearheads, lashing Nazi reinforce
ments being rushed to the melting
German front.
The Nazi garrison in the encircU
ed Vistula river fortress of Torun,
168 miles behind Kuestrin, suc
cumbed to Marshal Kokossovsky’s
Second White Russian Army and
137 miles to the northeast, the
flaming East Prussian capital of
Konigsberg was encircled. Con
fusion bordering on anarchy re
portedly reigned inside the city
crowded with 150,000 refugees.
But the First White Russian
Army, under Stalin’s deputy. Mar
shal Zhukov, held the spotlight.
It’s tank and infantry forces were
plunging toward Berlin and the
capital’s “last ditch” Oder river
line on a 60-mile arc. Berlin re
ported that every hour new Rus
sian reinforcements weire coming
up to the front for what the enemy
called "the big battle for the road
to Berlin.”
ine nazi unn agency saia 10
night that the Russians had broken
into the eastern part of 12-way
transit center of Kustrin, at the
confluence of the Oder and Warthe
rivers, only 42 miles east north
east of Berlin.
DNB claimed that a “daring
German counter-attack” cleaned
out the Soivet assault forces, which
apparently had advanced 21 miles
overnight from Beyersdorf, 23
miles northeast of Berlin.
The official German high com
mand communique announced that
other Soviet tank spearheads, by
passing Kustrin on the north, had
reached the Oder river northwest
of the fortress city.
In this area, the Oder swing*
northwest for a 2-mile stretch be
fore flowing northward to empty
into the Baltic at the German port
of Stettin. Enemy broadcasts did
not designate the exact area of the
Soviet penetration but in this area,
known as the Mittel Oderbruch,
where the Oder is 30 to 39 miles
northeast of the German capital.
Continued on Page Three; Col, 2)
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