Newspaper Page Text
forecast ^ -- Isfr-j uminntnn noting mar rS 9—----------WILMINGTON, N. C., WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY 14, 1945_FINAL EDITION ESTABLISHED 1867 Reds Take Budapest; Germans Lose 159,000; MacArthur’s Jpen Seize Cavite Naval Base; Yanks Rip Tv/o New Gaps In Siegfried Line Nichols Field Also Captured By Americans Enemy Losses Total 68, 000 In Five Weeks Of Luzon Drive MANILA. Wednesday, Feb. 14.— Mt—Caplure of the Cavite naval base and Nichols airfield were an nounced today by Gen. Douglas MacArthur, who said the end of | Japan's trapped Manila garrison i was "in sight. MacArthur reported enemy cas ualties of more than 68.000 for the ! five weeks of the Luzon campaign ?s compared with American cas ualties of 9,683. including 2,102 killed. Capture of the Cavite naval base put the Yanks on the shores of Manila Bay for the first time. The 11th Airborne division in taking Cavite seized ten enemy seaplanes and a battery of thre inch guns intact. First Cavalry ivision units also reached Manila Bay just below the embattled downtown sector as they speared through the Pasay district from the direction of cap tured Neilson airfield. MacArthur said the 37th Infan try ivision was “closing in’’ on the Ja* anese holed up in the thick walled Intramuros district, near the bay just south of the Pasig river mouth, and “the end of t h e enemy's trapped garrison is in sight.” Meanwmle, north ol Manna, troops of the Sixth ivision secur ed an abandoned airfield at Baler, on the cast coast of Luzon. Exten sive mopping up of enemy pockets in the central Luzon plan was re ported, and a counterattack south of Baguio was turned back. Corregidor fortress was kept un der American bombsights. Anoth er 150 tens of explosives fell on the island bastion in a quick fvl low-up to the more than 200 tr/is dropped the previous 48 hours in company with 700 tons on Bataan. Hits were scored on four heavy gun batteries on Corregidor. At tack bombers raked southern Ba taan and sank six fuel and am munition barges. In air operations in the southern Philippines, Mitchell bombers de stroyed or damaged four small Japanese vessels at the waterfront of Zamboanga on Mindanao islan and blew up a fuel tank. The Pa dao airdrome near Davao on the same island was cratered. North of the Philippines at For mosas. American raiding aircraft v,recked parked planes at Heito airdrome, smashed motor trans port and rolling stock. One ene my bomber was shot down. Other planes ranged to the vicin ity of Amoy. China, heavily dam aging a 2.000 ton cargo ship. Off the French Indo-China coast, a cargo ship of similar size and three smaller ones were sunk or damaged. A Japanese floatplane escorfing this convoy was shot down off Saigon. Many fires were set in the town cl Tondanu on Dutch Celebes. D. ' .1 T-W • i ■ _ .A-ICW iJI UUUI, tUtUlJ stronghold long since bypassed, was dealt a 125-ton bombing blow by heavy, medium and fighter bombers over a two-day period. Within Manila, the Japanese sutcide garrison appeared bent on exacting as high a price in lives and property as possible before being exterminated. 'Arthur Feldman, Blue Network correspondent, said Manila for the time being is "paralyzed'’ by the heavy destruction wrought. He re ported the devastation is compar 'd to that around St. Paul’s Cathedral in London, made familiar 10 Americans through pictures of scenes there. 'He said the rubble of Manila p'jb will be remembered by the 1 tPlnos and other peoples as con radicting all (he professed credoes Japan of "Asia for the Asiatics, that’°SPerUy and th‘ngS llkC Hope of escape across the bay d‘''' .'ea’wd by the watchfulness and accuracy of American war le supporting the land action, ‘ ' wdenced by the sinking off aiuan of 25 enemy barges carry lnS around 2.500 troops. roit Comgidoj., at the entrance u ."e mv' ar)d Bataan itself shook lire, i-iln^reasiug bomb loads de hesdnM by Yank Paries which, .uarters said, had received no 'Continued on Page Threej CoL 4) U. S. Is Termed Buffer Between Reds, British Byrnes, Back From Conference, Says U. S. Also Aims To Forestall Outbreaks of Violence In Liberated Countries WASHINGTON, Feb. 13.—UP)— In a dramatic first-hand account of the Crimean conference, James F. Byrnes declared tonight that American participation in the af fairs of Europe is designed to pre vent Russian-British rivalry for spheres of influence. Byrnes, just back from the Roose velt-Churchill-Stalin conie rence gave the account to newsmen as the White House announced a pipar tisan slate of American delegates chosen to attend the United Na tions parley at San Francisco April 25 to draft a plan for enforcing world peace. Byrnes, war mobilization direc tor, said another aim of American participation in European affairs, is to deter outbreaks of violence in liberated countries. President Roosevelt himself, Byrnes disclosed, wrote the de claration on liberated areas by which this country agrees to share with the other two powers responsi bility for restoring order and inde pendence to the war-ravaged small nations. The mobilization chief expressed his conviction that the Crimean agreements had gone along way toward guaranteeing in Atlantic Charter settlement for the small countries of Europe and a lasting peace for the world. The military decisions of the conference, he said, mean that our military leaders are planning foi^ a war involving ‘'more men than ever before in this conflict.” ‘‘They do not miminize the possi bility of civilian collapse in Ger many, but we cannot count on that,” he added, explaining his be lief that the decisions reached in the Crimea assure eventual victory though not an immediate one. In describing the role played by the President with “great skill, tact, patience and humor,” Byrnes said that he served by informal agreement as chairman of the con (Continued on Page Three, Col. 2) Poles-In-Exile Denounce Big Three, Refuse Accord LONDON, Feb. 13.—(IP)—The Polish government in London, bit terly denouncing the Big Three, announced tonight that it was refusing to accept the decisions regarding Poland made at the Crimean Con ference and accused President Roosevelt, Prime Minister Churchill _3 TV X I 1 „C ~ 4-U « 24 PERSONS DIE IN PLANE CRASH Six Bodies Removed From Navy Transport In California SAN FRANCISCO. Feb. 3.—(UP) Salvage crews tonight had recov ered the bodies of six of 24 per sons killed when an eastbound Na val Air Transport plane crashed in San Francisco Bay a few minutes after taking off from Oakland air port. Although the scene of the crash was only about three-quarters of a mile offshore in water five to six feet deep, most of the plane including the cabin, was buried deep in mud. The tail and one wing broke off when it hit the water. The 12th Naval District said the bodies recovered were those of two Navy officers and three en listed men and an Army corporal. The names of the 21 passengeis and three crewmen on the twin engined transport w'ill not be made public until next of kin have oeen notified. Cause of the crash was not known. Alameda residents heard the plane fly l°w ove” thee clty at approximately 7 a. m. Some told police the engines suddenly faded out and then there was a terrific crash. The first body recovered by crash boats dispatched from the Alameda Naval Air Station was that of a sailor who had 40-day leave papers in his pockets. It was believed that most of the men on the Plane were returning to then homes in the Midwest and East after duty in the^Pacific. Four Dead, Seven Missing After Blast On Oiler In River Near Norfolk Base NORFOLK, Va., Feb. 13.—tUP' _Four seamen were killed today and seven others are missing and believed dead in an explosion and flash fire aboard a Navy oiler op erating from the Norfolk naval base. , . The 300-foot vessel was loading oil at the Gulf Oil Corp.. in the Elizabeth river when the explosion occured. The craft carried a crew of 16. J . Identification of the dead and missing was withheld pending notification of next of kin. Navy of ficials were unable to determine cause of the explosion immediately. Atlantic charter. A 50u-word statement from Pre mier Tomas Z. Arciszewski of the London government, issued exact ly 24 hours after the British For eign Office had released the text of the Big Three Polish agree ment. said the big powers’ inten tion to create a provisional gov ernment of national unity for Po land “can only legalize Soviet in terfrence in Polish internal af fairs.” “As long as the territory of Po land will remain under the sole oc cupation of Soviet troops, a gov ernment of that kind will not safe guard the Polish nation, even in the presence of British and Ameri can diplomats, the unfettered right of free expression,” the statement declard. It reiterated its claim as the “sole legal and generally recog nized government of Poland” and said it was ready to cooperate in creation of a government of Po land truly representative of the will of the Polish people.” The London Poles complained that the Big Three conference reached its decision not only with out participation and authorization of the London governmenl, but al so without its knowledge. “The method adopted in the case of Poland was a contradiction of (Continued on Page Three, Col. 11 K - J Canada Units Break Out Of Reich Forest ___ Allied Drive Toward The Rhine Gains Ground At Both Ends PARIS. Feb. 13.—(UP)—Amer ican troops riped two new gaps in the Siegfried Line today and the Canadian First Army broke out of the Reich Forest eastward as the Allied drive toward the Rhine gained ground at both ends of a 140-mile front despite five German counterattacks. The new American breaches in the West Wall were made by the Fifth and 80th Divisions of Lt. Gen. Patton's Third Army as they drove two miles deep into Germany within a consolidated 10-mile bridgehead across the Our and Sure (Sauer) rivers. Field Marshall Montgomery’s troops hurled back three German counter-assaults as they fought within four miles of Goch against elements of seven crack German divisions, including two Panzer units, rushed in to guard the in dustrial Ruhr. mieuiy resistance was sxiiien ed everywhere in the Kleve area as the Nazis fought to check the advance of Montgomery's 15-mile wide tank-led forces sweeping through the northern bend of the Rhine from its pivot on newly won Gennep. The extent of British gains around Kleve, where 5,000 pris oners have been taken in five days, was temporarily cloaked for security reasons, but front reports said that the battle of the Reich Forest definitely was over. Scottish, Welsh, British and Canadian fighters are gathered in the eastern fringes of the for est and beginning to break out into open country before Calcar, one of the main road networks of German defense only 15 miles northwest of the ancient Ruhr fortress of Wesel, thesf reports said. An array of German guns threw a mounting barrage against Montgomery's men, pounding them from Klevev to Gennep as advance spearheads drove into a second line of Siegfried defenses east of Kleve. Front dispatches said there was also a third line of anti-tank ditches, pillboxes and minefields two to three miles east of the second. Ground forces called on the Second Tactical Air Force to silence the guns, and these planes flew more than 1,000 sorties dur ing the day In addition to blast ing the guns, the planes attacked rail traffic between Essen and Hannover, destroying 70 locomo tives and 126 rail cars. Along the southern end of the 15-mile front, the British forced the Niers river, establishing a bridgehead one mile east of Gen-' (Continued on Page Txtfo. Col. 6) Byrnes Sees Big Increase In Labor Requirements WASHINGTON, Feb. 13.— <*') _ War Mobilization Director Byrnes today reiterated support of the work-or-jail manpower bill, assert ing ‘'more men will be in combat in March than ever before.” Just back from the Crimea Big Three conference, Byrnes told a news conference he knew “nothing that has occurred to cause me to change my view in support of the May bill.” “On the contrary more men will be in combat in March than ever before. They ought to have and use their ammunition on supplies without fear of the men behind the lines.” The Senate Military Committe now is holding hearings on the measure which passed the House with Administration backing. One farm organization spokesman gave it qualified approval today, while two others denounced it. W. R. Ogg, director of the Amer ican Farm Bureau Federation's Washington office, endorsed the la bor draft principle, asking, how ever, for safeguards to keep essen tial agricultural workers on the farm. James G. Patton, president of the National Farmers Union, and Fred Brenckman, representative of the National Grange, criticized the bill which is now in its third week before the Senate Commit te. Meanwhile, Senator Kilgore (D W.Vai said he was perfecting a substitute which he plans to intro duce when and if the work-jail measure reaches the Senate floor. He described his proposal as “a streamlined version of the Voorhis bill, with teeth.” The Voohis bill, rejected by the House, would place statutory authority behind the War Manpower Commission’s vol untary recruitment system. Several members of the commit - te are known to favor some such plan. Brenckman testified that so far as agriculture is concerned, ‘‘there is no need for this kind of. legisla tion because the workers on our farms are already producing to the limit of their capacity.” He declared the Grange does "not consider it proper to draft men to work in industry for the profit of someone else.” -—_____* Roosevelt and Churchill Meet Again Fingering his glasses, President Roosevelt confers at the luncheon table with Prime Minister Chur chill in the former palace of the Czars at Yalta, Crimes, Russia. (AP Wirephoto from U. S. Army.) Soviet Press Hails Parley As Great Political Event By EDDY GILMORE MOSCOW, Feb. 13.—(IP)—The Soviet Union’s official press describ ed the Crimea conference today in glowing terms, and the impressing in Moscow was that President Roosevelt, Prime Minister Churchill and Premier Stalin all were highly pleased with its results. Pravda, the official Communisi party organ, set the keynote of FRANCE PLANNING NEW DAKAR BASES De Gaulle Cabinet Orders Building Of Huge Air, Navy Base PARIS, Feb. 13.— (#)—Construc tion of a huge naval and air base at Dakar in West Africa was voted by the cabinet of the de Gaulle government today, a move which it announced would eventually contribute to “collec tive security.’’ The Dakar project was adopted on reports of the war, navy, air and colonial ministers shortly after Gen de. Gaulle announced he had been informed last night by the American, British and Russian ambassadors of the de cisions reached at the Big Three Crimean conference. There was no specific comment from the government on the re sults of the meeting of President Roosevelt. Prime Minister Church ill and Premier Marshal Stalirf, but an official spokesman ob served that it was a forward step for France to be given a share in the occupation of Ger many and a place at the United Nations conference to open April 25 at San Francisco. We are confronted with a fait accompli,” he added, "on a sub ject in which we are most essen tial interested—the settlement of the future of Germany.” The governmental announce ment of the plan for Dakar said the naval aid base was aimed at guaranteeing communications of the empire as well as contributing to collective security. The em phasis it placed on the latter led to speculation that France in tends to make Dakar an inter national base and perhaps put it at the disposal of the United Na tions Security Council. Dakar, at the westermost point of Africa, now has a large Amer ican naval base, established as a result of the agreement between Lt. Gen. Mark W. Clark and Admiral Darlan after the North African invasion. In the hands of an aggressor nation it would be a threat to both North and South America. The French press made clear France was disappointed that the decisions of the Big Three were made without French representa tion. The newspapers Le Monde, France Soir and Paris Presse de clared they were unable to un derstand how the decisions, par ticularly 'those regarding the fu ture of the Rhineland, could be made without France participa tion. ovj vici icctcuuii tu me xjig mice conference with the declaration that the parley “has proved that the alliance of the three big pow ers possesses not only in historic yesterday and a victorious today, but also a great tomorrow.” The government newspaper Iz vestia hailed the conference as “the biggest political event of cur rent times—an event which will enter in history as a new example of coordinated solutions of compli cated questions in the interest of peace and democracy.” Russians will expect a consider able increase in the blows against Germany from the west, south and north as a result of the parley. This is the thing they have been clamoring for since the start of their winter offensive a month ago. The Russian people remember that Marshal Stalin came back from the Tehran conference with assurance that there would be blows on Germany from the east, west and south—and there were. Of considerable interest to the Russians is the fact that the Cri mea announcement added the north to the earlier three direc tions. The conference again proved “the stability of the Allies’ mili tary alliance,” Izvestia declared, and added: “Hitlerite Germany is doomed. The hour of its collapse has arriv ed. Its resistance is hopeless. Such was the first and happiest conclu ion of the conference.” A deep and firm impression pre vails in Moscow that Roosevelt, Churchill and Stalin left better friends this time than ever before, and that although much was left to the future, they accomplished great things at Yalta and are (Continued on Page Seven, Col. 4) GERMANY FACING BLOWS IN NORTH Big Three Stress New Direction For Future Assaults LONDON, Feb. 13. — UP) — The German nation, pounded from the east, west and south, had a new psychological weapon aimed at its heart tonight—the first officially uttered threat of new Allied blows from the north. Experienced London observers held no doubt whatever that the threat would be carried out- Proof enough seemed to rest in the fact that the Big' Three Crimean com munique — obviously a carefully worded document — included the word “north,” whereas the state ment issued after the Tehran con ference spoke only of the other points of the compass. The only questions were which of six possible avenues would be followed and when. The consensus, however, was the blow would come 5UUIJ. The Nazis tried their best to keep the new threat from the German people. Neither press dispatches nor the German home radio serv ice mentioned this section of the Crimean communique issued by President Roosevelt, Prime Minis ter Churchill and Premier Marshal Stalin. But it was pounded home by doz ens of Allied broadcasts beamed directly into the Reich. The most obvious avenue of at tack from the north would be by air and the Big Three left room for this interpretation. Almost equal ly obvious would be a continued sweep by the Red Army along the Baltic coast perhaps accompanied by sea attacks by the sizeable So viet Baltic fleet. Also in the list could be a drive by Field Marshal Sir Bernard L. Montgomery’s 21st Army Group northward through the Nether lands, perhaps looking to the right toward Bremen, on the Weser riv er. or farther north toward vital Wilhelm shaven. Germans Brand Big Three As Great Murder Plotters LONDON, Feb. 13.— (UP) — German propaganda agencies seethed today over the Big Three Crimea conference decisions and called the agreements on Ger many the greatest “murder” con spiracy of all time. Seeking to* link the fate of the whole German people with their own, the Nazis tried te whip up public anger and resistance in savage denunciatory articles broadcast to German newspapers —complete with headlines—by of ficial news agencies. As they did so Allied official radio stations dinned Into the ears of those German radio lis teners who dared to listen, the portentious program the Big Three agreed • on. An important part of this was the Big Three promise that the German people would not be de stroyed and the warning that not until Nazism and German mili tarism had been wiped out could Germans hope for a decent life and a place among the nations. Phrases from headlines and ar ticles broadcast to German news papers for compulsory publication included: “Program of Haters of Yalta;” “News Crimes Against Human ity;” “Germany Will Smash Sa tanic Plan;” “Annihilation Mania of Europe’s Enemies Has Now Assumed Character of Final Pro gram;” “Communique Clearly in Spirit of Old Testament Jewish Hatred.” “Its devilish intentions imply the extinction of the European (Continued on Page Ten; Col. 4) r - i Bober River Defense Line Is Breached Russians Drive On Prison Camp Center Of Sagan, Dresden / VT LONDON, Feb. 13.— (UP) —The Red Army today completed the conquest of Budapest, the capital of Hungary, ending a 50-day siege in which more than 159,000 ene my troops were killed or captur ed. In Germany, Russian forces converged on the prison camp center of Sagan and advanced nine and one-half miles on the road to Dresden. Russian infantry and tank forces forced the Bober river defense line, the first of four remaining river barriers before Dresden, and reached the east bank of the Queis river at Lorenzdorf, 71 miles northeast of the capital of Saxony, Moscow revealed. Russian troops in Upper Silesia euiiicicu. uit; luwu ua \jri«JiaU| supply base of an enemy bride head on the Oder river’s east bank mid-way between besieged Breslau and the approaches to Berlin, the Soiet High Command announced. More than 150 towns and settle ments were captured north and northwest of the captured Silesian city of Liegnitz in a drive toward Sagan and along the Breslau-Ber lin highway, Moscow revealed. The capture of Budapest releas ed two Soviet armies and troops under 73 generals for a drive to ward the Austrian capital of Vien na, guarding the approaches to the Alps region where Adolf Hitler and his henchmen may attempt to make their last stand after the fall of Berlin. It cleared the way for Soviet offensives to the puppet Slovak capital of Bratislava and the rich industrial regions of Bohemia. Marshal Josef Stalin announced the final conquest which all but leveled one of the world’s most beautiful capitals and cost the Germans and Hungarians more than 110,000 prisoners and 49,000 eaded. Among the captives was the commander of the garrison, Col. Gen. Pfeffer-Wildenbruch and his Moscow tonight echoed to 24 sal vos from 324 victory guns marking the capture of the last big satel lite capital, the eighth capital tak en by he Red Army and the 17lh liberated by the Allies. Budapest, however, was an au gury of the grim battle that lies ahead for the Allies in Berlin. It took the Russians 14 weeks to take it, fighting from street to street, and smash the last resistance. Marshal Malinovsky’s Second Ukrainian Army drove to within four and one-half miles —ovember 12. Seven weeks later, after Mar shal Tolbukhin’s Third Ukrainian Army joined the battle, the city was encircled December 26. Block by block the two armies tightened the encirclement, and threw back massive enemy at tempts to break through to lb* relief of the city from the west. Adolf Hitler called on the defend ers to make Budapest Hungary’* “Stalingrad.” The bag of enemy killed and captured was the largest in a sin gle action since the Red Army took a toll of 330,000 in the siege of Stalingrad little more than two years ago. How many of the city’s pre-war 'population of 1,116,000 persons sur vived street battles and starvation Meanwhile, Marshal Konev's First Ukrainian Army south of Berlin — which a German High Command spokesman tonight de scribed as the “most dangerous” sector of the Eastern Front—con tinued its apparently irresistible advance. According to the Germans, Ko nev’s troops surged west from the Bober river and reached the Queiss river, six miles beyond and 68 miles northeast of Dresden. At the same time, the Germans reported bitter fighting south and north of the big rail and road hub of Sagan, on the Bober river 86 miles southeast of Berlin. There were three American and British prisoner of war camps in the Sagan area and London ob servers doubted, in view of the swift Soviet advance from th Oder river, that the Germans had been able to move the prisoners.