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The Wilmington morning star. [volume] (Wilmington, N.C.) 1909-1990, February 14, 1945, FINAL EDITION, Image 3

Image and text provided by University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Library, Chapel Hill, NC

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn78002169/1945-02-14/ed-1/seq-3/

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COUNCIL TO SCAN
PLAY FACILITIES
nporesentatives of Community
t and Council organizations
.herds'’ began to prepare a pic
■ pf the functions and programs
tU',e being handled by member
eiicies of the Council’s Recre
ational Division.
,. ,i,e monthly meeting of the
Recreational Divis ion, presided
r . bv J. H. Carswell, chairman
f61 1945.’preliminary reports of
-,-ent activities were turned in
P1’ siX agency executives and
P d'e[i for summarization to a
,dv committee consisting of
Wilbur R- Dosher, as chairman.
'.. Helen C. Jones, executive
cecretarv of the Wilmington Girl
Louts of America, and Jesse A.
R.vnolds. City superintendent of
Recreation. Their findings are to
ajred at the Division’s next
eeting. scheduled for March 13.
Yesterday’s individual reports
„ere rendered by Mrs. Jones, Mr
Revnolds. Courtland W. Baker,
executive of the Boy Scouts of
America. Walter Bess, executive
secretary of the Shaw Boys’ Club.
H R. Schwarts, director of the
{•SO Club at Second and Orange
streets, and Mrs. Eunice Brad
taw director of the USO at Ninth
and Nixon street.
Another committee, headed by F.
Elliott Livingston as chairman and
staffed with members to be an
nounced later, was tentatively
formed to survey and coordinate
summer camp activities in the
area. This move sprang from a re
quest for assistance in locating a
Girl Scouts' summer camp-site
by Mrs. W. C. Mebane, chairman
of the Girl Scouts’ camp commit
tee.
Superintendent Reynolds render
ed an account of progress in hand
ling ’teen-age recreational prob
lems. He stated that the Woodrow
Wilson Hut was now available to
’teen-age groups every Friday night
and that the facilities at New Han
over High school were at their dis
posal on such Saturday nights as
were not preempted by special
school events.
_v_
l-zcu uto tuutcnicu.
The London Poles said their gov
ernment would regard severence
of the eastern half of Poland
through imposition of the Polish
Soviet frontier along the Curzon
lme as "a fifth partition of Po
land. now accomplished by her Al
lies.”
Diplomatic quarters here re
garded the Polish statement as
killing the last hope of a chance
of any of the members of the pres
ent London government participat
ing in the new regime proposed
by the Big Three.
The Polish action, in effect, rel
egated the London governemnt to
the status of a political society
with the certainty that it would
not long continue to have the rec
ognition of the major powers.
With this clear-cut answer by
the London Poles, it seemed cer
tain that the Big Three would pro
ceed immediately to assist the for
mation of a broadened Lublin pro
visional government.
--V
to dress up pea soup, add
chopped leftover meat or thin
slices of frankfurter.
When winter wii
| cut like a
CHAPPED LIPS
SOOTHED QUICKLY!
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cntu e ps rev]"ve “thirsty" cell*
i t cran retain needed moisture,
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\Tm"qyick, smooth on soothing
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Up FRONT WITH MAULDIN
tfiooay immoral army. They get that red ribbon if they stay
out of trouble for a bloody ear.”
U. S. Is Termed Buffer
Between Reds, British
(Continued from Page One)
ference and that lie proposed at
least two of the specific agreements
covered in yesterday’s communi
que summing up accomplishments.
Those agreements are:
1. The declaration on liberated
areas by which the United States
agreed to serve on commissions
which may be necessary in one
or more countries to restore order
and assure the people of evenual
choice of their own governments.
2. The formula for settling the
Dumbarnton Oaks controversy over
whether a great power should vote
on a charge of aggression against
itself. Byrnes did not say what
this formula is nor how it recon
ciles the previously opposing posi
tions taken by the United States and
Russia.
Immediately after his news con
ference at the White House broke
up. President Roosevelt through his
press office announced the names
of nine persons invited to be dele
gates to the San Francisco confer
ence.
Secretary of State Stettinius will
head the delegation. Other mem
bers chosen are former Secretary
of State Cordell Hull, who also
will serve as senior advisor. Chair
man Connally (D.-Tex.) of the
Senate Foreign Relations Commit
tee, Senator Vandenberg ( R.-Mich.)
a member of the committee. Chair
man Bloom (D.-N.Y.) of the House
Foreign Affairs Committee, Repre
sentative Eaton (R.-N.J.), Com
mander Harold Stassen, former
Republican governor of Minnesota,
and Dean Virginia Gildersleeve of
Byrnes dealt with many aspects
of the Crimean agreements and
said that more than once President
Roosevelt by using tact and good
humor, brought about decisions of
the Big Three. "And we did have
decisions," he emphasized. The
conclusions of military questions,
Byrnes reported, promise greater
cooperation “than has ever before
existed" among the Allies and they
mean that "if Hitler had relied for
success upon a division among the
powers he is doomed as never be
fore.”
He said that the settlement pro
vided for the three-power dispute
over Poland was a specific appli
cation of the general system agreed
upon for big power handling of
problems which may arise from
now on in the liberated countries
of Europe. In these countries, it
was stated, the war has left chaos
and disorder which, without such
an agreement, would lead to fac
tional bids for support of either
Russia or Britain.
Byrnes said the Polish case
represents a compromise but that
"whenever you have three powers
in a situation like this there must
be a reconciliation.” He laid great
stress on the creation of a com
mission consisting of Foreign Com
missar Molotov of Russia, U. S.
Ambassador Harriman and British
Ambassador Clark Kerr a*. Mos
cow to consult members of fhe
various political groups in Poland
and try to convert the present War
saw government into a government
of national unity to administer the
country until free elections can be
neiu.
Asked whether this means that
the present provisional regime at
Warsaw is to be considered a gov
ernment by the United States
Byrnes replied, without going into
the technicalities of recognition,
that ‘'of course it’s a government.
We may be opposed to it but it’s
there”.
He was told that the Polish exile
government at London had said To
day that it could not accept the
Big Three formula. ‘‘How many of
them are there?” he replied.
Asked whether the Baltic states
were discussed. Byrnes said that
all sorts of questions were taken up
but that those specific states were
not talked about in any meeting at
which he was present. The United
States has not recognized Russia’s
absorption of Lithuania, Estonia
and Latvia.
On the Curzon Line settlement
of Poland’s eastern boundary, by
which Poland loses a little more
than one third of her pre-war ter
ritory, he said that the Russians
made a strong case for acquiring
this area. He said that Clemenceau
of France and Lord Curzon of
Britain established the line in dis
cussions on winding up the first
World War and that it came down
to a question whether Stalin would
ask less for Russia that Clemen
ceau and Curzon had been willing
to grant.
Repeatedly Byrnes emphasized
the importance of American parti
cipation in European settlements.
He cited the cases of Greece, Po
land and Yugoslavia as examples
of nations where there should be
or could have been concerted ac
tion by the great powers to avert
spheres of influence politics and
internal violence.
“There w'as a great danger,”
he said, “that one group or another
inside a country would likely get
in touch with the British or the
Soviet government and solidit sup
port for its own struggle for pow
Asked whether the President had
a plan for making a personal re
port to the country on the confer
ence. Byrnes said he knew of none
but “my hope is that when he re
turns he may make a radio broad
cast or address Congress.”
Meantime the Crimean plan for
tomorrow’s world encountered
some criticism.
There appeared to be wide ac
ceptance of the Big-Three pledge
to continue Anglo-American-Soviet
unity after the war and to call the
United Nations conference at San
Francisco April 25 to breathe life
into the Dumbartn Oaks security
plan. Proposals for smashing Ger
many, for breaking up her notori
ous general staff as well as the
Nazi gang, and for hobbling her
war-making powers also drew
much praise.
But some of the sections hav
ing to do with relations between
the great victorious powers and
their smaller allies—particularly
the plan for settling the Polish
controversy—were in for rough
weather.
Comment and reaction showed
the wide extremes of praise and
criticism. Acting Secretary of State
Grew called the plan “one of the
greatest steps” yet taken toward
lasting peace, but Rep. O’Konski
(R.-Wis-l thundered in the House
that it is a “stab in the back for
Poland” and a “second Munich.”
In London the Polish exile gov
ernment bitterly rejected the for
mula applied to its country and
accused the Big Three of violating
“the letter and spirit of the At
lantic Charter and the right of ev
ery nation to defend its own in
erest.
In effect this formula recognizes
Stalin’s long-standing claim to the
eastern third of pre-war Poland
up to the Curzon Line) and his de
sire for a pro-Russian government
at Warsaw. Poland is to be "mov
ed westward’’ by acquiring com
pensating lands taken from Ger
many—which Stalin had .also pro
posed. The present Soviet-backed
regime at Warsaw is to be convert
ed into a national unity govern
ment at which time Washington
and London will recognize it, dis
carding the exile government
which they have heretofore sup
ported in opposition to Russia.
Since Stalin got what he wanted
in Poland it was considered prob
able that he also received assur
ances about what he has long
sought in one or two other places—
notably Anglo-American recogni
tion fr Soviet absorption of Lithua
nia, Latvia and Estonia and warm
water outlets to the Pacific at the
close of the Japanese w'ar.
Even more broadly all the small
er nations have a keen interest
in the kind of compromise worked
out for setting the Dumbarton Oaks
voting issue. The hope and expecta
tion among American officials was
that it would provide some safe
guards which Russia had sought
for great powers accused of ag
gresion without going all the way
and allowing such powers to sit in
judgment on themselves.
The great vs. small power ques
tion was one of those that made
the Crimean meeting necessary.
President Roosevelt went determin
ed to find out how far Churchill and
CHEST DIRECTORS
GET YWCA BUDGET
The Board of Directors chosen
to head Community Chest and
Council activities in 1945 will meet
for the first time this afternoon
to take final action on the pro
posed budget for the Young Wo
men's Christian Association
branch scheduled to open soon in
the Third and Grace street build
ing to be vacated by the USO
YWCA.
After choosing members to serve
in the coming year as president,
first and second vice president and
treasurer, the Board will hear a
report on the projected YWCA bud
get by W. D. McCaig, chairman
of the committee picked to inves
tigate it. This committee has al
ready reported the budget favor
ably.
The Board, which will meet in
the conference room in the Tide
Water Building tomorrow, con
sists of 26 members. Of these, 15
are elected by the public and 11
are chosen individually to repre
sent the member organizations of
the Chest and Council. The elected
members serve three year terms.
M’ARTHUR TAKES
CAVITE BASTION
(Continued from Page One)
answering ack-ack from the fort
for more than a week.
Armored units of the Sixth U. S.
Division completed the segregation
of Japanese troops in mountainous
north and nort’ eastern Luzon from
the south, w'ith a drive from Bonga
bon through the Sierra Madres to
Dingalan Bay on the east coast.
The Yanks’ penetration to Din
galan Bay established a complete
defense line across the island from
Lingayen Gulf on the northwest.
Stalin were willing to compromise
their plans for individual, com
petitive security in the interest of
an Atlantic Charter kind of col
lective security.
He also wanted to find out wheth
er Russia would go to war with
Japan. The fact that the United
Notions conference is to start at
a U. S. Pacific port on April 25,
the last day for Russia to de
nounce her non-aggression w’ith
Japan, point to the probability of
an affirmative answ'er on that
question.
While President Roosevelt was
believed en route home from the
Crimean rendezvous and Secre
tary of State Stettinius was visit
ing in Moscow, officials at the
State department were avidly,
even anxiously, sudying the trend
of reaction in this country to the
Big Three declarations.
For the United States it means
full participation in the affairs
of Europe. This new step in Amer
ican foreign policy may go well
or badly for a long time to come
depending on the public support
developed on specific issues now
being settled.
High Winds Not Connected
With Tornado, Hess Says
WEATHER
(Eastern Standard Time)
(By U. S. Weather Bureau)
Meteorological data for the 24 hours
ending 7:30 p.m.. yesterday.
Temperature
1:30 am, 55; 7:30 am, 67; 1:30 pm, 69
7:30 pm. 65.
Maximum 71; Minimum 53; Mean 62;
Normal 48.
Humidity
. 1:30 am. 94; 7:30 am, 92; 1:30 pm. 78;
7:30 pm, 90.
Precipitation
Total for the 24 hours ending 7:30 pm,
0.04 inches.
Total since the first of the month,
2.11 inches.
Tides For Today
(From the Tide Tables published by
U. S. Coast and Geodetic Survey)
..... . , Hi&h Low
Wilmington - 11:22a 5:54a
.. 11:37p 6:23p
Masonboro Inlet _ 9:05a 2:46a
_ _ 9:25p 3:19p
Sunrise, 7:58 a.m.; Sunset. 5:55 p.m.;
Moonrise, 8:31 a.m.: Moonset, 8:20 p.m.
-v
A lap table saves effort in pre
paring vegetables for cooking and,
canning. I
--
High winds along the coast yes
terday were reported by Meteorolo
gist Paul Hess, of the U. S. Weath
er Bureau, to be the edge of a
storm which swept through the in-;
land part of the Eastern Stag's,!
and had no connection with the!
tornado which struck Mississippi
and Alabama Monday.
Mr. Hess pointed out that the
two storms were entirely differ
ent, and winds of a high velocity
in Wilmington were not an after
math of the tornado, explaining
that this type of storm rarely oc
curs along the coastal areas.
The storm which was effective in
this section was reported to be
centered over Kentucky about 8
a. m. yesterday, according to re
ports from Louisville, where pres
sure was recorded at 29.50 inches,
Mr. Hess said. Early last night
he calculated the storm to be
centered over Pennsylvania, end
diminishing winds were observed
in Wilmington, he said.
POLES-IN-EXILE
FLAY BIG THREE
(Continued from Page One)
the elementary principles binding
(lie Allies and constitutes a viola
tion of the letter and spirit of the
Atlantic Charter and the right of
every nation to defend its own in
terests,” the statement declared.
"The Polish government de
clares that the decisions of the
three power conference cannot be
recognized by the Polish govern
ment and cannot bind the Polish
nation.”
The Polish government here
said that before the Big Three con
ference began it handed Britain
and the United States a memor
andum "in which hope was ex
pressed that these governments
would not be a party to any de
cision regarding the Allied Polish
state without consultation and
without consent of the Polish gov
ernment.”
"At the same time,” it added,
"the Polish government declared
itself willing to seek a solution to
th dispute initiated by Soviet
Russia through normal interna
tional procedure and with due re
spect for the rights of the two
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