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pPn umtwjtnn onttttg i^tar ™Er ►— \0. 93. " " " '--— ------- ~ ~~L -—— -------- WILMINGTON, N. C. THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 15, 1945_FINAL EDITION_ESTABLISHED 1867 Resistance Against Canadians Is Breaking; Russians Seiz^Seven Silesian Strongholds; 8,000 Allied /lanes Hit Ten German Cities - *.----- * __ Road Center Taken; Enemy Admits Losses Reds See Glare Of Ameri can Bombs Pounding Dresden LONDON. Feb. 14.— tffl —The Russian First Ukraine Army seiz ed seven German city - strong holds in Silesia today as it blud geoned its way towards Berlin and Dresden with the aid of British and American bombers that smashed Dresden. Chemnitz and other centers ahead of the Soviet advance. In Pomerania the First White Bussian Army liquidated the hold out fortress of Schneidemuehl, 15 miles behind the lines, killing more than 7,000 Germans and cap turing 5,000 after a two-weeks siege. In Budapest, which fell Tues day. the Russians picked up anoth er 12,700 prisoners, mostly aban doned wounded, raising the list of captured in that one city <o near ly 123 000. The final toll will be higher, as Moscow said a frag ment of the garrison escaped only to be surrounded again west of the Hungarian capital. nit' uay b buu^ebbcb. euuiuuuucu in two orders of the day by Pre mier Stalin and the regular night ly Moscow communique, also credited the First Ukraine Army of Marshal Konev with bagging 2. 100 prisoners and taking more than 200 population centers in Si lesia. Dresden lay 68 miles or less ahead of the southern arm of Ko nev's drive, by Russian account, while the Germans said the north ern arm had reached within 71 miles of Berlin. In between lay an ill-defined pocket or pockets of bypassed towns, including surrounded Glo gau and the Silesian capital. Bres lau, which the Germans Wednes day night said also had been en circled. Importance of the drive through Silesia was pointed up by Russian announcement that another 200 German planes had been captur ed. making 545 in two days. Up ahead to the west, the Rus sians could see in the skies the red glare of fires set in Dresden by 4.000 ion of British and Amer ican bombs, apparently the iirst fruits of the Crimea conference. Chemnitz, 34 miles farther west, also was hard hit. The BBC quoted a Soviet mili tary observer as saying the Al lies were working together “with precision and according to a def inite play.” Konev s men held the spotlight, however. Moscow news dispatches said they had crossed the Quies river defense line in their drive towards Dresden while the Swiss radio quoted German accounts as saying the northern wing had reached Sommerfeld, only 71 miles southeast of Eerlin. The German DNB agency itself broad cast that Konev had broken into Sorau, 84 miles southeast of Ber lin. By Russian official account Ko nev's nearest approach to Berlin "as 84 miles, with capture oi Freystadl. 75 miles northwest of besieged Breslau. KtDb KhSOJh Y Alma Ihree Americans Are Saved From German Prison Camp LONDON, Feb. 14.—(UP)—The Lublin radio tonight broadcast mes sages to the families of three American soldiers, freed from Ger rnan prisoner of war camps in the whirlwind Russian advance. Lhe Americans, Second Lt. John “• Hammond, Jr., of Charlotte, N. ■ William Lindeman of Little r « Iowa- ar>d Sgt. Michael York ® N'-w \ork City, were the first v 'ose liberation h*d been announc M by the Soviets. th i 'Oca^on of the prisons where Je Americuns were found was not ■>uosed The Lublin broadcast the *?,• . 'h®1 they were among iii. A 'ed war prisoners recently o.ated ih the Russian drive at>oss Poland. ‘- i! inond sent a message to his , ?S!nS her that he was in bv J lCa tn and had been liberated • • iet troops Bombs Poured OnDresdenTo Support Reds Vital Fuel And Communi cations Centers Heavily Blasted LONDON, Feb. 14—UP—Approx imately 8,000 Allied planes, more than 3,000 of them heavy bombers spread destruction thoughout Germ any during the last 24 hours, blasting at least 10 industrial cen ters and delivering a temendous blow to Dresden, eastern gateway to the heart of the Reich. This around-the-clock bombard ment, one of the greatest of the war, was aimed at the vital fuel and communications targets of Dresen, Chemnitz, Magdeburg and Bohlen—all south of Berlin and within 120 miles of the capital— and at Neurnburg, Bonn, Dortmund and Vienna and Maribor in Yugo slavia. The Dresden attack was in direct and coordinated support of Rus sian troops advancing westward through Silesia. In a 12-hour period some 4,000 tons of explosives were rained on Presden by American and British planes. It was suggested unoffi cially in London that Air Mars hal Sir Charles Portal. British air staff chief who returned from Yalta yesterday, brought instructions from the Big Three to step up other blows in support of the Red Armied whenever possible. x-resueii was caxigm 111 a luniauu of explosives as a force of 2,250 U. S, heavy bombers and fighters ranged over Germany in wide spread raids, delivering their main attack on this refugee-packed cap ital of Saxony. The American air strikes came in the wake of blows by 1 400 RAF bombers during the night. Of these 800 bombed Dresden twice in at tacks three hours apart. The Brit ish dumped 2,200 tons of bombs on the city, and it still was burning when American planes arrived later in the day. A division of about 450 Ameri can Flying Fortresses centered on Dresden, which was enveloped by fire and smoke probably visible to Marshal Konev's First Ukrainina Army units now only 60-odd miles or so away. Italy-based Flying Fortresses and Liberators of the U. S. 15th Air Force blasted oil and rail targets in Vienna and freight yards at Maribor. Yugoslavia, today for the second successive day. The German radio flashed air raid alarms constantly during the day. Warnings came after the Bri tian-based American force was en route home, indicating that RAF bombers also were striking a day light blow. While one American Fortress division was concentrating on Dre sden, 450 more Fortresses attack sd transporation and industrial targets at Chemnitz, 35 miles south west of Dresden, and 400 Libera tors hit targets at Magdeburg, 70 niles west of Berlin. Some 50 Liberators flew to W'esel, 19 miles ahead of the Cana dian First Army on the Western ^ront. and made direct hits on a ;ix-span bridge across the Rhine. Kleve Forest Cleared; New Gains Scored German Counterattacks Fail To Dent Allied Wedge PARIS, Feb. 14.—(A’)—While al-. most 8.000 Allied warplanes batter ed German installations from the Siegfried Line to the Russian front today, British and Canadian forces lunged nearer Hitler's industrially vital Ruhr Valley against resistanee that began to slacken after a week of steady pressure. The Canadians advanced all along the front of their powerful wedge which is inflexibly turning the flank of German divisions hold ing the northern end of the Sieg fried Line and the Rhine plain. They pushed to points northeast of Kleve, four miles southeast ol Kleve, cleared the Kleve forest three miles north of Goch and established a second bridgehead over the Niers river, west of Kes sel. The German command hurled at least four counterattacks against the Canadian units driving east ward, but they were officially de scribed as generally lighter than previous counterthrust and all were repulsed, some with the aid of Allied planes. .nxiicu. vauguaiuo, ixxi.iviu.jr auvi tired from terrific effort of the past week, stood and cheered as wave upon wave of fighters and fighter bombers tore into tlie attacking Nazis and magnificently-aimed ar tillery sent sheets of steel through the enemy’s ranks. Under this terrible assault, the German infantry and armor broke, and tonight apparently was pulling back into prepared positions under dogged pressure by Montgomery’s men. For once the weather was aginst the Germans. Brilliant, springlike sunshine flooded the battle zone as the enemy launched his counter attacks, enabling Allied planes to take to the air in the greatest num bers since the Canadians opened their push west of Kleve last week. One Allied column was fighting forward within a mile and a hall of the heavily-fortified road center c' Goch, eight miles south of Kleve. Goch already was outflanked by the capture of Bedburg and Has self, twin towns east of Kleve. Another road center, Calcar, was the objective of other British troops who neared Moyland, three miles to the northwest. Moyland is 18 miles from the important Ruhg Valley city of Wesel. As a result of these advances and the cleaning-out of the Reichswald Forest, Montgomery's forces tver* through the main belt of the origi nal Siegfried Line and threatened to turn the northern flank of th* west wall. Once they reach thei Rhine to the east they will be fft position to sweep southward and roll up German defenses between the Rhine and the Meuse. On the southern flank of th# offensive front, Scottish troops pushed steadily down a road to ward Afferden on lhe east bank of the Maas. A field dispatch said that both bridgeheads over the Niers river in the vicinity of Ben nep and Viller had been expanded in heavy fighting. One was more than a half-mile deep Allied troops were within a few hundred yards of Kessel, road hub at the southern edge of the Reichswald, and its capture wa* (Continued on Page Seven; Col. 5) 31 JAP SHIPS SUNK Enemy Shipping Hard Hit By New Sub Forays WASHINGTON, Feb. 14. —f/P)— United State submarines operating in Far Eastern waters have sunk 31 more enemy vessels, including a converted light cruiser, a convert ed gunboat and an escort vessel. This haul of Japanese shiptstSf announced today by the Navy, wa* one of the largest ever reported in a single communique. Presumably it covered a period of several months. Non-combatant vessels claimed included 14 medium cargo vessel*, a small transport, seven small cat go vessels, two medium tanker*, a small cargo transport, two med ium tankers a small cargo trans port, a medium cargo transport, a large cargo transport and a smatf trnkcr. First ‘Shiner* Is a Beaut Two-and-a-half-year-old Tommy Francis Venaleck, Jr., of Cleve land. O., seems a bit bewildered as he examines the black-and-blue beauty of his first black eye. He didn't claim he ran into a door in the dark, but he did say he fell down stairs. FDR Reported Planning Meeting With Pope Pius PARIS, Feb. 14—(.Ti—President Roosevelt is expected to visit Raly and call on Pope Pius, and perhaps come to France d ring his current visit abroad, it was reported reliably today. Judge Samuel I. Rosenman, a special adviser to the president, left by a special plane today for Italy and was expected to confer with his chief there. The President is expected to in spect war ruins in Italy and re turn to various ' spots he visited in that country as a young man. It is quite conceivable that after a stay in Italy the presi dent will come to France, where arrangements to receive him have been made both by the French government and by Allied supreme headquarters. High-ranking Administration of ficials and Army officers have been summoned to be prepared to meet the President. Judging from this the President may in tend to make inquiry into the problem of the relief of the French civilian population. It is reported (Continued on Page Seven; Col. 3) OFFICER’S WIFE IS FOUND DEAD Husband Admits Burying Body Near Columbia, S. C. COLUMBIA, S. C., Feb. 14.—(P) —Sheriff T. Alex Heise said to night that Lt. S. C. Epes had sign ed a statement that he buried the body of his wife, Mrs- Mary Lee Epes. 26, at a lonely spot off the Leesburg road 12 miles from Co lumbia at about'2 a.m. last Janu ary 29. The sheriff did not make pub lic how the young woman met her death, but that she was dead when taken from the Epes apartment. Heise said Lt. Epes would be plac ed in Richland county jail as soon as he could be removed from the hospital at Fort Jackson, where the young Army officer was sta tioned. Fort Jackson authorities an nounced earlier tonight that Epes had attempted to commit suicide by slashing his wrists and throat with a razor blade last Monday, two weeks after his wife, an at tractive auburn-haired former Jacksonville, (Fla.), school teach er disaDneared. Heise said Lt. Epes. whose home is in Richmond, Va., was now being held at Fort Jackson under guard until his condition would permit his being turned ov er to civilian authorities. Epes har told Columbia Detec tive Chief S. S. Shorter shortly af ter he had reported his wife’s dis appearance that he left his wife in the city’s business district and that she planned to breakfast and then spend the day shopping. The sheriff said Mrs. Epes’ body was removed from the Epes apartment on Sims avenue Sunday night or early Monday morning, January 29. Heise said Epes himself led of ficers to the spot where he had buried his wife, traveling in a hos pital ambulance. He led them to the point where the Leesburg road and the road from Fort Jackson join and remarked that the body was “exactly nine tenths of a mile” from the juncture, Sheriff Heise explained. The sheriff said Epes told the officers that he had returned to the burial place four nights after interring his wife in a shallow “fox hole” grave and had placed a discarded Fort Jackson sign at the site. The sign, reading "La trine Closed.” still was in place when the officers arrived at the scene. Yanks Drive Into Bataan; Take Abucay Troops In Manila Gradual ly Pushing Japanese Against Bay GEN. MACARTHUR’S HEAD QUARTERS, Thursday, Feb. 15.— (UP)—U. S. Eighth Army troops have advanced 11 miles into Ba taan, seizing Abucay which was the eastern anchor of the first American defense line across the bloody peninsula in the dark days of January, 1942. Gen. Douglas MacArthur announced today. In Manila, where street fighting entered the 13th day, troops of three American divisions pressing the trapped Japanese garrison against the bay along a four-mile front “are gradually compressing the circle.” his daily communique announced. Military observers said organiz ed Japanese resistance possibly would be ended within a few days, leaving only snipers to be mopped up. me anve into .Bataan, where MacArthur’s gallant Filipino and American troops went down to de feat April 9, 1942, after holding a powerful Japanese force for more than three months, was made by troops of the 38th and 24th Division of Lt. Gen. Robert L. Eichelberg’s army. The Yanks who landed on the Zambales coast of wTestcrn Luzon January 29 and struck overland to seal off Bataan on the north, veered southward along the east coast fronting on Manila Bay to seize Abucay. MacArthur announced that other units of the Eighth Army com alupihan road across northern Ba taan. The island fortress of Corregi dor at the mouth of Manila Bay 23 miles south of Abucay, was pounded again by Liberator hea vy bombers which dropped 107 tons of bombs on its coastal bat teries. Corregidor has been blast ed almost daily since January 23. Northward along the Luzon front, troops of the 40th Division mopping up the Zambales moun tains foothills west of Clark Field captured a great quantity of sup plies after inflicting heavy casual ties on the Japanese who fled there when the American were ad vancing southward to Manila. At the exteme northern end of the front, patrols from the Sixth. 25th and 32nd Divisions probed deep into the southern Caraballo mountains, also taking large stores of equipment, including four tanks. Nazis Will Hang: Accused Saboteurs Found Guilty, Death Is Ordered NEW YORK, Feb. 14. — (UP) — William C. Colepaugh and Erie Gimpel. alleged Nazi saboteurs who landed on the coast of Maine from a submarine, were found guilty today by a court martial and were sentenced to be hanged. The virdict was announced at Governor's Island where the men had been on trial for more than a week. The seven-member military com mission found them guilty on three counts of sabotage. Gimpel, a German citizen, was the first to hear his fate. He show ed no emotion when the president of the commission informed him that he would be hanged. Cole paugh, an American and a native of Connecticut!, also was calm. As in all military court decisions, the sentences are subject to re view by the commanding general, the War Department and finally by President Roosevelt. The verdict was announced after the commission had deliberated about two hours. Gimpel and Cole paugh were ordered returned to their "place of confinement.” It was presumed that a gallows will be erected at Fort Jay on Gov ernor’s Island. The date of execu tion was not announced and as f in previous cases, the hanging may be carried out before announce ment is made. The trial, conducted in secret, began February 5—less than three months after they were put ashore from a German submarine off the coast of Maine. Each man had been especially trained in Germany for espionage and sabotage. Following the verdict, the Army appointed attorney for Gimpel an nounced that his client “desired to stat that he had sincerely felt throughout that he had received a most fair and impartial trial and was very much surprised with the conduct of the proceedings through- ‘ out.” 1 The defense based its case main ly on the contention that the com mission had no authority to try the 1 men. The prosecuion in its closing statements described Colepaugh as c a “double-crossing traitor,” and s said that as far back as 1935 he had a a desire to join the German army. It was the second time that a I death sentence had been handed f Nazi saboteurs landed in this coun- \ try by a submarine. In 1942, eight 1 German saboteurs were convicted r by a military commission in Wash ington. Six were electrocuted and t two were sentenced to imprison- c ment. i Gen. Marshall Visits Fifth Army In Italy Chief of Staff Credits Yanks in South With Diverting Many German Troops From Eastern and Western Fronts By SID FEDER WITH THE FIFTH ARMY In Italy, Feb- 14.—Gen. George C. Marshall told Fifth Army soldiers during a tour of the Italian front today that by holding a large Ger man army in Italy they had pre vented it from bolstering Nazi forces on the Eastern and Western Fronts. It is estimated the Nazis have 27 divisions in Italy. In a surprise visit enroute home from the Crimean conference, the U. S. Army Chief of Staff made a three-day tour of the Fifth Army sector. Marshal wore overseas for the first time his new five-star in signia as a General of the Army. He made one stop at the place the GIs have been calling “Death Valley’’ since the Germans threw some 1,500 rounds of ammunition into it last December. It still is un der perfect observation from the enemy-held hills. Later the same afternoon he climbed a muddy trail to a for ward observation post from which he could see virtually the entire eastern sector of the Fifth Army Front. He brought from the Big Three meeting a general picture of the final blows to be made against Germany for the officers and en listed men here all the way from the rear echelons to the front. As he concluded his tour, during which he made some 15 Stops, Marshall declared “such a spirit of common purpose, such teamwork, make certain the destruction of German military power.” Marshall was accompanied by Lt. Gen- Joseph T. McNarney, commander of U. S. Army Forces of the Mediterranean Theater; Lt. Gen. Mark W. Clark, commander of the Allied 15th Army Group, and Lt. Gen. Lucian K. Truscott, Jr., commander of the Fifth Army. Churchill, On Way Home, Addresses Athens Crowd ATHENS, Feb. 14.—(UP)—Prime Minister Winston Churchill, on his way home from the Big Three conference, told a crowd of 30,000 cheering Athenians today: "I am proud of the part the British army *** « WUU 1UI mortal city from violence and an archy.” Stoutly defending Britain’s course in taking the Greek gov ernment’s part in the recnet fight ing against left wing ELAS parti sans, Churchill said: : “A future lies before your coun try—a great future. There has been much misunderstanding and igno rance in many parts of the world, and there has been mis understanding of issues. “But now these matters are clearing up, and all over the world there is coming a true under standing of the part Greece has played and will play in the future development of Europe. “We will march with you to the ends of the dark valleys—until we reach the broad highlands of jus tice and peace. From hie bottom of my heart I hope Greece wil take her proper place in the circle of victorious nations and among the nations which have suffered from war. “Let right prevail. Let party hat reds die. Let there be unity. Gre ece forever!” A murmur as if of surprise went through the crowd when Churchill called for and end to party hatreds. But the speech was cheered vigor ously throughout. Churchill spoke from a ramp in front of the old Royal Palace, over looking the tomb of the Greek un known Soldier and Constitution Square. He spoke in English, and every few sentences an interpreter tran slated it, but so many in the crows knew English that the cheers for “hurchill’s own words were often louder than after the translation. - -- I POLES-IN-EXILE TO STATE VIEWS Many Thousands Of Arm ed Men Under Lodon Government LONDON, Feb. 14.—GP)—Premier Tomasz Arciszewski, having bit terly denounced the Big Three’s Polish decision, has arranged to meet American and British news paper correspondents tomorrow to explain further his government’s waning cause. The 68-year-old leader of the Po lish government in exile is expect ed to elaborate at the press con ference on the reasons for his gov ernment's rejection of the Crimea conference proposals. London Poles called on Polish armed forces under their com mand to remain calm and contin ue the fight alongside soldiers of the United States, Britain, Canada and France, “to whom they are tied by bloodshed in common bat tle.” No reference to Russia or the Crimean decisions was made in the statement, issued by the exil ed government’s Ministry of In formation. ‘‘The esteem and friendship for Poland which has grown up dur ing the service, full of sacrifice, which Polish forces have given (Continued on Page Seven; Col, 3) Hitler Fails Again: Budapest, Burned And Wrecked, Stands As Monument To Another German Defeat By HENRY SHAPIRO MOSCOW, Feb. 14. —(UP)—Bud pest is only a fraction of a city utted, whole districts leveled, and itill burning — dispatches from he Hungarian capital reported to lay. The bodies of 49,000 German fficers and men lay in the dirty now.And 110,000 living comrades re being herded into prison camps. Adolf Hitler tried to make Buda est the “German Stalingrad” but ailed. He lost a battle and the /ar and 330,000 men there. He ast a battle and amost half the umber of men at Budapest. Marshal Josef Stalin announced he capture of Budapest yester ay after a siege and street-to treet battle against its trapped garrison which endured 50 days. Budapest was two cities, Buda and Pest, covering 200 square miles. Historical and monumental buildings such as the Royal Palace, the Parliament Place, and the museums are blackened wreckage, partly or wholly de stroyed. Buildings which remain gape with paneless windows, their roofs shell-pocketed or destroyed. There is no fuel, no electricity, no water. Surviving civilians have not seen daylight in many weeks and live deep in cellars, sleeping on the floors or in improvised bunks, many tiers high. But the city slowly is coming to life under the direction of the Soviet military commandant. Hun garian municipal authorities are : mobilizing the remaining popula tion to sweep streets and board jp windows.There is no motor traf fic. All shops and public places are closed. Magnificent Vaca street, paralleling the Danube, which divides Buda and Pest, is unrecognizable. It was lined with ministries and public buildings. They are wrecked. Their archives litter the dirty snow. Civilian militia wearing white arm bands are maintaining order. A dispatch to Trud said that duing the ast few days of German -esistance, some 20.000 SS troops, arganized into demolit'on and mur der battalions, sowed mines, blew ap buildings, and exterminated in aabitants.