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•f the Fair and warmed today. ASSOCIATED PRESS Yesterday's temperatures: and the * J!h, 62_ low, 52. UNITED PRESS * With Complete Coverage of - State and National Newa_ VOL-ic-——--—--- .___WILMINGTON, N. C., SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 24, 1945___ FINAL EDITION ESTABLISHED 1867 Section Of Airdrome Is Captured By U. S. Slopes of Mt. Suribachi Strewn With Japa nese Dead; Leathernecks Gain 700 Yards in Three Days of Fighting U. S. PACIFIC FLEET HEADQUARTERS, Guam, Sat urday. Feb. 24.— (AP)—The raging battle for Iwo swayed slowly in favor of three United States Marine Divisions Fri day as they occupied one end of an airfield in the island’s i .... «n 4 nfi’niiraJ 111 a •A'— ■ — - - _ UCil LCl -- v. -“ ' canic slopes of Mt. Suribachi on the south tip with Japa nese dead. It still was a slugging match, with the Leathernecks requiring more than three days to cover 700 yards up sloping ground to the south tip of the two-runway fighter field. The Japanese, constantly blasted by the guns of U. S. Fifth Fleet and dived on by carrier planes, fought back from concrete pill boxes. The first Devildogs to get to the fighter field were elements of the U. S. Third Marine Division under Maj. Gen. Graves B. Erskine, vet erans of the Solomons and Guam campaigns. That division entered the fiery struggle Wednesday at a time when the Fourth and Fifth Divisions had been halted in their push north from the southern third of the island in American hands. The communique disclosed for the first time that the three divisions are fighting side by side in a co ordinated push on the fighter field. The Third is in the center. Maj. Gen. Keller E. Rockey’s Fifth is on the left flank toward the southwest coast. It was held to no gain Fri day afternoon. Maj. Gen. Clifton B. Cates’ Fourth Division is on the right flank toward the southeast coast. It advanced slightly. The Japanese on Iwo are well armed. American gunnery experts have confirmed the Japanese are using a new weapon never encoun tered before in the Pacific—1-000 pound rocket mortars. The shell has a nose fuse and a rocket motor. Launching platforms probably are used by the enemy. Headquarters, assessing the situa tion up to 6 p. m. Friday, said the Leathernecks had scored limited gains against “elaborate enemy fjpfpncoc ’’ It was the first report of any real gains since Wednesday noon when they began the 700 yard drive from captured Motoyama bomber field, 1, in the south end of the is land. north toward Motoyama light er field. No. 2. The advance, by three divisions in an enveloping movement, is up slopes toward the plateau on which 'he fighter field is located. The Japanese have put up such bitter resistance, even throwing in strong counterattacks, that many of the Marine casualties have occurred there. f P?da-”s communique made no runner addition of casually figures '■ rich up to Wednesday night had exceeded 5.000. ! ■ the drive toward the only oth ei unable airfield still in enemy d,c Fourth Marine Division 1nn he n8ht flank edged forward out) yards. lip'1 tnc eenter of the advancing ■ otee'- elements succeeded in « rfM? ms ,he south end of the vonPiC |Wh,cl1’ in American hands, rani? bfas' f'Shters within flying north 1 T50 miles to the tin0!/’? Suiibachi. on the south the Uriitlf c wJlere Marines raised in„ „ d States flag Friday morn been rv°ta ,17 enemy dead has tinuing UIThd t"’lth thc cleanup con previm.'oi T t was added to a 122j v? announced figure of whern PP0!lesc dead counted else milc-i °n *he isIand’s eight square sistin'p- o„r erf’ the enemy is re Pillbnve ■ advance from concrete caves .rs; entrenchm ents and Thp„n)’e eummunique said, began 8,Iv °! the warships, which davs nrir ,™berinS on Iwo three still thunderl?i .^onday’s landings, ta^SeangsSUPP°rt °f thC at‘ a nev-1-!-ased Planes, including er. also 1 ij6 j°f Hellcat dive-bomb JapL ed the slow drive. West of 'n. on Kangoku rock, just Marines in'!' flred mortars at the er's g;,nc i. a,n American destroy fcnse> ar;?10?ked out tbe rock’s de manding 1 ?lso destroyed several y S "iall. fa'ilUitied°ahIn8 0f suPPlies, now over the , by slee! mats spread tinuect °°Se’ v°lcanic ash. con Yanks Seize Biri Island; Hold Straits Latest Landing In Philip pines Finds Little Opposition > _ GEN. MacARTHUR'S HEAD QUARTERS, Luzon. Saturday. Feb. 24.—(U.R)— American troops have seized Biri island at the eas tern entrance of San Bernardino Straitsa gainst light opposition to complete American control- of the Straits which are the vital passage for shipping to the central Philip pines, Gen. Douglas MacArthur disclosed today. MacArthur announced the land ing on Biri just 24 hours afier he disclosed that American troops were on Capul island, 19 miles southwest of Biri across the wes tern entrance of the straits. His communique did not identify the division from which the Biri land ing elements were recruited. Biri is the largest and northern most of the Balicuatro Islands, and lies about five miles north of Sa mar and 15 1-2 miles east of Lu zon. Like Capul, it is heavily wooded and "ises to high ground in the center. Reels surround it. In Manila, troops of Maj. Gen. Robert S. Beightler’s 37th Division have breached the walls of the ancient Intramuros section which is the las* major stronghold for enemy forces trapped in south Ma nila. MacArthur said the Americans “in fierce hand to hand fighting are successfully seizing all remain, ing points of resistance.” United Press Correspondent Ralph Teatsorth had reported ear lier that a 30-foot breach was blown in the northeastern corner of the wall when artillery shells touched off an enemy ammunition dump. Fighting' raged from floor to floor and room to come in the fire blackened buildings as Beightler’s men. aided by elements of the 11th Airborne Envision, pressed the cleanup drive. MacArthur announced that the Japanese had shelled the internees of Santo Tomas University, which was a Japanese concentration camp for American civilians. The shell ing came several days after the First Cavalry Division seized San to Tomas February 3. He charac terized the shelling “as among the brutalities practiced by the enemy during the clearing of Manila.” Warren Rejects Judgeship; CampbelVs Chances Better WASHINGTON, Feb. 23. —<JP)— Comptroller General Lindsay War ren declined today to consider ap. pointment to a Federal judgeship in North Carolina. In a letter to Senators Baiiey and Hoey, North Carolina Demo crats, who had endorsed him to succeed Judge Isaac M. Meekins as district judge for eastern North Carolina, Warren wrote: “At this time I am holding an office under appointment of 'he President carrying increased re sponsibilities by reason of war “I can not leave it now. Under these circumstances, I have today reluctantly arrived at a decision, and therefore, feel it my duty to request that my name be not pres ented to you by the president..” (Members of the Wilmington Bar Association, which Tuesday night [nominated City Attorney W. B. Campbell as their choice to suc ceed Judge Meekins; expressed the opinion last night that Comptrol ler Warren’s refusal to consider the post brightened Mr. Campbell's chances of appointment considei a blv. - . . - , (Local attorneys voiced the hope that Mr. Warren himself, having rejected the appointment, might see fit to support Mr. Campbell’s candidacy in view. both of his re cord of Service and of the fact that the Wilmington . area has hot furnished an incumbent for . this bench since 1860. Marsden Bel lamy, president of the Association, said Wilmington lawyers .were unanimously of .the opinion that Mr. Campbell deserved the' ap pointment and would use. it well.).. Comptroller Warren’s letter," Jat (Continued on Page-Two; Col. 2) ---—-—--->1 Marines Take ‘Impregnable’ Pillbox On Iwo Jima American Marine?, invading the Jap stronghold of Iwo .Tima island, dig in after taking an "impregnable’’ enemy pill box (center back ground). The Marine in the center is digging a fox hole. Lying around a e bodies, some in the open, some partly covered by sand. The caption iccompanying the picture did not identify them. These are Fourth Divsion Marines in action February 19. AP Photographer Joe Rosenthal, in assignment with the war time still picture pool, made the picture. (AP Wirephoto). MARINES EXPECTED BIG LOSS ON IWO Casualties Cannot Be Com pared With Tarawa, Official Says WASHINGTON, Feb. 23.—<&— LI. S. Marines have sustained ap proximately 6.000 casualties on [wo Jima, no more than what had oeen expected, a Navy spokesman said today. The ferocity of the fighting is almost without parallel but, the spokesman added. the casualties cannot be compared to Tarawa oecause there are so many more men involved at Iwo. Tarawa casualties numbered 3,500. There were five times as many Japanese on tiny Iwo as on Tara wa. with a much larger number of Marines making the Iwo at tack. Iw'o casualties in the initial as sault waves were less than ex pected, the Navy man said. De spite the heavy pre-invasion combing it is probable that comparatively small number of Japanese were killed since they were able to take shelter in the ong prepared fortified positions and in the multitude of caves. The terrain and soil conditions of the island have worked to the advantage of the defenders. The Japanese through years of prepa ration were able to blast and bore nto the volcanic rock a maze of strong points. The attacking Ma •ines. equipped oniy. with en trenching tools, are unable to dig hemselves the usual foxholes. Iwo was the only island in that area that met the requirements 'or a good air base, the spokes man said in explaining why the [Continued on Page Two; Col. 7) Big Three Held Cause Of Turkish War Move LONDON, Feb. 23.— (U.R)—Tur key today declared war on Ger many and Japan in response to an Allied untimatum and disclos ed that the “'Big Three” bluntly had told nine non-belligerent friendly nations to enter the war by March 1 or forfeit seats at the San Francisco United Nations conference and the peace table. The other nations so notified were Egypt, Iceland and six Latin American countries, Chile, Para guay, Ecqador, Peru, Uruguay and Venezuela. The six Latin American countries all entered the war during the past two weeks, apparently as a result of Allied pressure. Egypt, it is believed, will fol low Turkey’s example and the Cairo radio said it was expected that Syria, Lebanon, Saudi Ara bia and Transjordania would fol low suit. The Turks, apparently nettled at the Big Three ultimatum, pre dated their declaration of war to March 1, the deadline mentioned in the Allied note. The Turks have a vital interest in the peace conference. They would like to see that the Dardanelles remain Turkish and to acquire some of the Docecanese Islands which they believe are necessary to defense of the Turkish coast. The Big Three appeared to be making no effort to get avowed neutrals like Sweden into the war at this late date. Neither was any note sent to Argentina. The Buenos Aires government, how ever, reportedly has been con sidering a declaration of war against Germany. The peace will be arranged by members of the United Nations. At some subsequent day a new world security organization will be formed, in which neutrals will be accommodated. Thus the pen alty for .var-long neutrality will be lack of a voice in post-war settlements, and in writing the peace treaties. Inquiries in London concerning the status of Argentina brought the answer: “Ask the State De partment in Washington.” If Iceland declares war it will be because she is anxious about her post-war trade; which will be tied much closer to Britain and the United States than before the war. The little island, occupied by British and American troops since 1940 as a secondary meas ure, has leaned backwards to re main neutral. There was no in dication yet whether the Icelandic Althing (Parliament) would de clare war. The ultimatum to Turkey, hand ed to the foreign minister by the British ambassador February 20. stated clearly that in accordance with a decision by the Crimea conference only those nations at war with Germanw by March 1 (Continued on Page Two; Col. 2) U. S. Urges Regular Talks Between A merican Nations MEXICO CITY. Feb 23.—(Uf)— The United States tonight caled for regular .meetings of American foreign ministers to deal with sit uations and disputes “of every kind which may disturb the peace and good relations” in this hem isphere. The proposal, made in a draft resolution .to the inter-American conference, outlined a seven-point program for ‘‘improvement and strengthening” of the inter-Amer ican system and reorganizing it for a proper place in the new world organization. The- suggestion of regular,, an nual foreign minister meetings, and special sessions on the call of 15 of the 21 American republics would.be in sharp contrast to pres ent practice. The last consultative meeting of foreign ministers was held , in January, 1942, at Rio de Jaiierio — more than three years ago: The United States proposal fol lows and parallels the agreement of the Big Three at Yalta earlier this month to hold quarterly meet ings *>f the foreign ministers of the United Slates, Great Britain and Russia. The draft resolution by the United Stales was presented to the steering committee of this con ference. U. S. - Secretary of State Ed ward R. Stertinius, Jr., said that the U. S. proposals on economic problems would be announced soon. Resolutions introduced today and referred to the various committees covered a wide range—the rights of man, the rights and duties of states, proposed changes in the world security organization propo sals, ideas for a world court, as well as economic and social pro jects. The conference today also was highlighted by a U. S. resolution calling for freedom of the press in all American countries. The res olution, offered by Stettinius, pro claimed that there can be no free dom, peace or security unless there is free access to the truth, and that "truth is the enemy of tyran ny.” The United States proposals on the inter American system would, in effect, convert it from a hit or miss advisory group into a sys (Continued on Page Two; Col. 4) 2,000 YANK GUNS BLAZE AT ENEMY Terrific Barrage Is Laid Down Before First, Third Open Drive By C. R. CUNNINGHAM ON THE ROER RIVER, Ger many, Feb. 23.— (5:10 p. m.) — Something like 2.000 American guns had been blazing for nearly 45 minutes this morning in a terrible symphony ot hate. Captured rocket guns were shooting missiles that were like red hot pokers into the Cologne plain. Stocky battalion commander Lt. Col. William Summers, Tulsa, Okla., at this particular command post broke off his final talk with members of his staff, put on his steel helmet, slung his carbine over his shoulder, and said: ‘'Well, I got to get this thing going. This looks like the pay off.” A moment later, in the bright —and most unwelcome light of the moon—the big push was on. The roar of the American guns started to dwindle. The barrage was lifting. ‘‘The Jerries will be opening up on us pretty soon,” someone said. just then the German mortars started up. They laid their lire on the assault waves, struggling across the swirling river. Then the enemy artillery got into ac tion, firing at our batteries. Back on the safe side of the river, we heard the steady rattle of our machine guns. Quick spurts of fire from German ma chine guns punctured the rattle. One of the machine guns we could (Continued on Page Two; Co). S) Russian Phones Berlin, Promises Early Meeting \ MOSCOW, Feb. 23.— OP)—Izves tia reported with glee today that a Red Army major had talked by telephone with a Nazi secretary in Berlin’s City Hall. “Everything is true in ' this story,” said the account. "Not long ago one of our de tachment, after successfully out flanking a small German town, en tered it so suddenly the inhabi tants did not know what had hap pened until they drew their cur tains the next morning. “Two hours later a passenger train arrived from the east. and the chief conductor threatened to complain to the Reichsminister of railways when ordered to halt his departure for the west. “Surprised, the German garrison had not had time to disrupt com munications and at the telephone station the girl switchboard oper ator placed a call to Berlin for one of our officers, Maj. Sergelve, who knows German. “When Berlin answered he ask ed for the Burgomeister. He was informed the Burgomeister was absent, bur the latter’s secretary, Salzbach, answered. “This is the Burgomeister of . . said the major. "How are things getting along?” “Badly. The people say they’ve come quite close already,” was the answer. 'How is it with you?” “Oh fine. One hour ago the So viets captured pur town.” “Don’t joke so foolishly, I’ll com plain to the Burgomeister,” the Berlin official said. “You're welcome to complain to Hitler himself,” said the major. “This is a Soviet officer. See you soon Herr Salzbach.” Ninth Army Captures Fortress OfJuelich Offensive Called Greatest Since Normandy; Invasion; River Breached In Many Points By First and Ninth Yank Armies ^ AT THE ROER RIVER, Gemany, Feb. 23— (AP)—The U. S. Ninth Army captured the ancient fortress city of Juelich in its broad jump off across the Roer river. Five other smaller towns also were seized in the first few hours of the attack today. PARIS, Feb. 23.—(AP)—Gen. Eisenhower launched the long-awaited drive toward the Rhine today and thousands of U. S. First and Ninth Army troops stormed across the Roer river in the biggest offensive since Nomandy, seizing . ■ —— . — ■ -M nnlirl /*\1 rlo OA fa QD willoe Poznan Taken By Russians; Neisse Forded "" « 48,000 Germans Killed Or Captured By Soviet Forces * ■ LONDON, Saturday, Feb. 24.— (U.R) — Fussian troops yesterday completed conquest of Polish for tress city of Poznan, ending a month-long siege in which 48,000 Germans were killed or captured. They also sezied the encircled Po merian rail hub of Arnswalde in a clean-up of Nazi resistance cen ters on the roads to Berlin and Stet tin. Battling to clear centers where Nazi suicide forces were delaying the Red Army drive on Berlin, Stettin and Dresden, the Russians intensified the struggle for the en circled Lower Silesian capital of Breslau and tightened their arc around trapped German forces in East Prussia. German reports, meanwnne, said Soviet troops had broken into the twin Neisse river strongholds of Guben and Forst, 51 and 57 miles southeast of Berlin, admit ted the Russians had won bridge heads across the Neisse and re ported a Red Army breakthrough to the Sudeten mountains southwest of Liegnitz in Silesia. (A Romanian communique, heard by the FCC, said Russian and Romanian troops in the low Tatra mountains of Czechoslovakia were attacking German Hungarian forces defending the vital Hermann Goering iron works at Pod Bre zova in the Hron river valley 18 miles west of Banska Bystrica.) Final conquest of Poznan, Po land's fourth city, ended German efforts to halt the free flow of re inforcements and supplies to the Oder river front before Berlin— more than 110 miles to the west—■ where huge Russian forces were massing for the final blow at the imperiled capital. Some 23,000 enemy troops were killed and 23,000 captured in the long siege of the city, which was encircled January 27. TTieir com (Continued on Page Two; Col. 6) from Cologne and Duessel dorf. They kicked off at 3:30 a m., and behind the greatest American artillery barrage in history, quick ly shredded the Roer river line which had kept them mired east of Aachen since last autumn. Progress was described officially as satisfactory. Enemy broadcasts declared the big push would be synchroniz ed with tempestuous Russian blows from the east designed to knock Germany out of the war and said the offensive was on a 35-mile front which might be broadened by a British Second Army onslaught “at any hour.” By assault boat*, infantry bridges and amphibious jeeps and tanks the American* struck in the moonlight behind a 45-minute bar rage in which guns massed 100 to the mlie caved in dug-outs and trench systems and left many en emy front line troops too stunned to resist. A field dispatch called it a "Rus sian style of attack” combining man and gun power. By 9 a.m. the attack was get ting along well and the first streams of prisoners came back— an exhausted dispirited lot. They told their questioners that they knew the attack was coming, but did not expect it this morning. Neither did they expect such a vio* lent assault, they said. A front dispatch from Associat ed Press Correspondent Wes Gal laher said that every bit of ground across the Roer river had been carefully plotted for the artillery rain of death which preceded the infantry lunge across the stream. Under this steel curtain the Americans waded out into small assault boats and paddled across the Roer or dashed over tiny foot bridges. They were followed by amphibious "alligators” splashing across carrying heavier equip ment. Smoke generators also laid down a thick blanket to camouflage the attacks into Germany. Waiting to receive the shock of the assault were six German di visions spread thinly along t he arching front guarding their indus trial might in the Ruhr Basin and thi» Phini»lanH At least ten of Field Marshal von Rundstedt’s carefully-hoarded divisions had been pinned down by the Canadian First Army of fensive on the north flank, and that many or more were trying to hold back the U. S. Third Ar my, hammering toward the Rhine through the Eife! mountains. The Third Army ripped across the Saar river at a thind point south of the rocking fortress of Trier, and welded two other cross ings into one bridgehead .at least two and a half miles wide and as which as two miles deep. To the north in the Eifels, the Third Army also widened two West-Mall breaches to nine and 19 miles, narrowed the gap between them to four miles, captured 10 more German towns and wa* threatening to force the enemy in to a 12-mile retreat back to the Pruem river. To the south, the U. S. Seventh Army pounded at the gates of Saar bruecken, first city and capital of the Saar coal and steel basin, af ter capturing nearly all the gate way town of Forbach. The Canadian First Army re sumed its drive after a temporary breather, scoring advances at a number of points, particularly in the sector where it last was two miles from the enemy base of Uedem and 15 miles from the northwest corner of the Ruhr. Scottish infantry in the center cleared a large wooded section and fought south to little more than a mile of Weeze. crossroads tov/n (Continued on Page Two; Col.