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The Wilmington morning star. [volume] (Wilmington, N.C.) 1909-1990, February 25, 1945, FINAL EDITION, Image 14

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Ohio Pupils Get Lessons
The Easy Way-By Movies
AP Newsfeatnres
COLUMBUS, O., Feb. 22—Ohio's
school children see more movies
irf classrooms than those of any
other state. # , ,u.
More than three-fourths of tne
1,250,000 pupils and students in
Ohio’s public, private and paro
chial schools and universities see
their lessons illustrated by motion
pictures and lantern slides, B. A.
Aughinbaugh, supervisor of the
slide and film exchange of the
State Department of Education, es
timates. ,
The Ohio slide and film exchange
i* the world's largest library of
pictures and lantern slides. The
Motion Picture Herald, publication
of the Hollywood movie industry,
credited the Ohio exchange in 1942
with handling more films every
day than ten theatrical exchanges
handle in a week.___ j
Chadbourn, Feb. 24. Mrs. Lem
Winesett ana daughter, Kay, of
Marion, S. C. arrived Friday after-;
noon and spent until Sunday with ;
her parents, Mr. and Mrs. W. G.
Mr. and Mrs. F. T. Wooten made
a visit to Charlotte on the week
Mrs. E. S. Hand and Mrs. A.
B. Brady returned Friday from a
visit to Miss Betty Agnes Brady
at Montreat College. Mr. Brady
joined them in Montreat, after sev
eral days spent- in Florida with
his mother.
Mrs. W. F. Yates and Mrs. Frank
Blake spent Friday in Dunn on a
business trip.
Mrs Frank Love and son. Step
hen of Evergreen visited friends
in town Saturday.
Mrs. J. A. Brown and Miss Pat
ience Newland left Sunday for Ra
leigh to spend a few days. Mrs.
Brown -will attend a meetigofitS
Brown will attend a meeting of
the Trustees of the University of
North Carolina on Monday.
Mrs. Sue McLauchlin and Mrs.
Jimmy Baldwin of Ocean Drive
Beach spent Saturday guests of
Mrs. C. D. Carr.
Mrs. Hugh Nance and two child
ren of Cerro Gordo spent the past
week with Mrs. J. A. Baldwin.
Mrs. E. L. Derrick spent Thurs
day in Lumberton.
Mr. and Mrs. Bob Meares left
Sunday to spend the week in Nor
folk, Va.
R. R. Koons visited his sister,
Miss Nell Koons, in James Walker
Memorial Hospital, Wilmington
Wednesday. Miss Koons is recover
ing satisfactorialy from an opera
tion performed on Monday.
J. T. Wooten spent from Thurs
day until Sunday in a Lumberton
hospital receiving treatment.
Dr. G. B. Walton spent from
Wednesday unitl Friday in Durham
attending a Medical meeting at
Duke Hospital.
Miss Judy Pridgen of Wilming
ton, is the week-end guest of Miss
Dormice DeVane.
James Scaife left Friday to
spend the week-end in Greensboro
guest of his sister, Mrs. R. L.
Nutritionist Plans
Bread Demonstration
Wednesday Morning
Miss Mary E. Thomas, extent
ion nutritionist, of Raleigh, will
give a demonstration on breads
in the Tide Water kitchen on Wed
nesday morning at 10 o’clock.
All home demonstration club wo
men of New Hanover county are
invited to attend.
The exchange, which Aughin
baugh values at $1,000,000, has
films on nearly 10,000 subjects.
Ohio school children see their .U.
S. history lessons in movies which
depict events from the discovery of
America to MacArthur s landing
Dn Luzon.
Titles of films and slides in the
exchange range from “Robin Red
breast,” a popular feature with
first-graders, to “Einstien's The
3ry of Relativity,” from "Choosing
your Vocation” to “Lincoln in the
White House.”
The motion picture’s classroom
competition W'ith the textbook
began almost 18 years ago when
the State Department of Educa
tion pioneered in visual education
“Ten years ago we shipped five
ar six films and slides daily to
Ohio schools; now we ship an
agerage of 800 daily,” Aughin
baugh said.
Movies and slides from the ex
change are distributed to one
room schools and universities
alike and are used by schools in
every city, county and village in
Ohio. Aughinbaugh says.
Cost of the exchange and its
operation is paid not by tax
payers or schools but from the
Ohio film censor fee charged to
Hollywood motion picture produ
cers. Films and slides are dis
tributed free to Ohio schools from
kindergartens to universities on a
loan basis. Schools borrow films
and slides from the exchange as
they would borrow books from a
Schools ana colleges Duy men
own projectors and movie equip
ment. School systems in Cincin
nati, Youngstown, Akron, Dayton,
Cleveland, Toledo, Elyria. Lorain,
Springfield and other cities now
have their own film libraries to
supplement the movies borrowed
from the exchange.
“I expect each teacher some
day will have films on her desk
the same as textbooks,” Aughin
baugh says. “Seeing is natural—
no child need to be taught to see
a motion picture.”
Aughinbaugh looks forward to
the time when a motion picture
becomes as compact, portable and
convient as a bo.k. He sasy:
“The motion picture awaits de
velopment of a cheap, practical
viewer for the individual by
which he will see the motion pic
ture as he now is able to see the
2 - by - 2 - inch lantern slide — by
looking through the picture rather
than viewing it on a screen.
“It will be the final stage of
evolution of communication since
man began drawing pictures on a
cave wall.”
* * *
Seaman !-c Wilton 0. Justice
and Mrs. Justice announce the birth
of a son, Zwingli Earl, January 10,
at Pensacola, Fla., Mrs. Justice is
the former Lillian Rodgers ol
Today and Tomorrow I
The other day I wrote that it
was contrary to the American con
stitutional tradition and incompat
ible with our form of government
to refuse to confirm a member of
the President’s Cabinet on the
ground that the Senate does not
like him or approve of his ideas.
On Monday in the Senate Mr. Taft
of Ohio declared that this was
“the most blandly nonsensical ar
gument against the Senate’s power
to refuse to confirm Cabinet of
ficers that I have ever happened
to read. Any college boy has nore
knowledge about t h e Constitution
than Mr. Lippmann exhibits in this
article. I know of no one who has
ever before questioned the Senate’s
right to refuse to confirm.”
What Senator Taft does not know
on this subject, as on a good
many others, is most of what there
is to be known about it.
* * *
“Histroy shows,” says Mp. Taft,
"that Cabinet appointments have
been rejected.” In support of this
statement Mr. Taft cites just one
case—that of President Coolidge’s
appointment in 1925 of Charles B.
Warren as Attorney General. Now,
as a matter of fact, the Warren
case is a perfect example of the
exception that proves the rule.
The objection raised against con
firming Warren as Attorney Gen
eral was that as a lawyer he had
been closely connected with the
sugar companies which had just
been charged by Federal Trade
^Commission with conspiracy in re
straint of trade. As Attorney Gen
eral he would have had to decide
whether to prosecute his own cli
ents for a violation of the Sher
man act, and on this ground War
ren was rejected by a vote of 41
to 39. The issue was not Warren’s
general views, or wild and woolly
words he had used, but whether
he could be relied upon to execute
the law without fear or favor
against his own clients.
• * *
Although Mr. Taft told the Sen
ate that he knows of “no one who
has ever before questioned the
Senate’s right” to reject Cabinet
appointments, the fact is that the
Senate’s right was questioned by
President Coolidge, who issued a
statement expressing the hope
“That the unbroken practice of
three generations of permitting the
President to choose his own Cabi
net will not now be changed, and
that the opposition to Mr. Warren,
upon further consideration, will be
withdrawn, in order that the coun
try may have the benefit of his ex
cellent qualities and the President
may be unhampered in choosing his
own method of executing the
So strongly did President Cool
idge question a right which Mr.
Taft says has never been ques
tioned that he sent Warren’s name
back to the Senate and announced
that he would give Mr. Warren a
recess appointment if on a second
vote the Senate rejected Warren
again. The Senate did reject him
again, and the controversy ended
with Mr. Warren’s refusal to ac
cept a recess appointment.
* * *
When President Coolidge spoke
of the unbroken practice of three
generations, he was evidently re
ferring to the rejection in 1868 of
Andrew Johnson’s nominee for At
torney General. No one would ever
cite anything that happened be
tween Congress and the President
during that dark period as a good
precedent in constitutional usage.
Whether there is any case of the
rejection of a Cabinet officer in our
early history I do not know.
But it may safely be stated that
there is no single case in our whole
history where a Cabinet appoint
ment was rejected on the ground
that the nominee's views were not
acceptable to the Senate. The War
ren case shows that the outer limit
of the Senate’s right under the
usage of the Constitution is to re
ject on the ground that the nomi
nee is disqualified to execute the
laws. Thus President Grant with
drew' the nomination of A. T. Stew
art for Secretary of the Treasury
when the Senate pointed out to him
that as head of Wanamaker’s de
partment store, he was a large
importer, and was, therefore, by
statute ineligible to administer the
• • •
So much for Senator Taft’s right
to dismiss as ‘‘biandly nonsensi
cal'1 an argument in which I did
no tnore than remind him of an
American constitutional usage
that, except ton the Warren case
which proves the rule, is unbroken.
A Senator who sets himself up to
be the leader of American conser
vation ought to be sufficiently well
grounded in American history a
American political wisdom to un
derstand what he is doing.
But though Mr. Taft is an intelli
gent man, who would always get a
high mark in school, he has never
acquired sufficient wisdom and un
derstanding to be a good and
sound conservative leader in times
like these. He is probably more
responsible than any other single
man for leading the Republican
party into blind alleys of dumb
obstruction on the vital issues of
our time, and of making it in
capable of offering a trustworthy
alternative to a third and a fourth
term for Roosevelt.
* * •
The difference between a sound
conservative and Mr. Taft s kind
of conservative has been illustrat
ed in the Wallace affair. The sound
conservative position was that
since Mr. Wallace is the exponent
of a radically new national policy,
he should be deprived of the per
sonal power to carry out that poli
cy on his own initiative and that
Congress and the country must be
guaranteed full opportunity to pass
upon the concrete measures under
that policy. That was t h e reason
for not confirming Mr. Wallace un
til the George bill had been passed.
But after that a wise conservative
would recognize that the policy
which Mr. Wallace proclaims, of
ten in wild and woolly words, is go
ing indubitably to be attempted
and that it is the first duty of con
servatives to identify themselves
with its purposes, and to partici
pate in making a program for it.
Thus Governor Dewey is as explic
itly committed to these purposes
as is President Roosevelt or Mr.
Wallace. Yet it is an inordinately
difficult undertaking in which the
chances of complete success are
far from certain. In the circum-|
stances a wise conservative will
welcome, indeed insist upon, the
popular exponent of the new and
radical policy sharing the r,esP°n'
sibilities and facing personally tne
enormous practical difficulties.
Mr. Taft’s desire, wuich is to
keep Mr. Wallace on the outside
looking in, would simply mean
that Mr. Wallace’s fervent follow
ing would attribute to him all the
successes of the undertaking, and
feel forever sure that its failures
would not have occurred if -» •
diced partisan politicians hK
lowed him to become Secre'ar- ,
Commerce. That is what the JL
men among Mr. Tail's ColL„
have understood, and tha° ic g uS
the Senate will not 1 .
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