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CHANGES IN COAST
GUARD UNDER WAY The future of the United States Coast Guard in Wilmington and Other Atlantic ports was discuss Od yesterday in an announcement from district headquarters, Sixth Naval District, Charleston, the "home stretch” is being reached in the transferring of Coast Guard officers and men to combat units at sea and to shore bases fiu^er fce theatres of combat. A seriei of changes in person nel, policy and operational rou tines are in the making in the naval district as a result of the shifting of Coast Cuard officers and regular Coast Guardsmen to the war zone, it was said. Captain M. J. Ryan, district Coast Guard officer, announced •These transfers of men certain ly do not mean the lessening of the war effort, but a change in amphasis. For instance, the ahanging war situation has made necessary certain adjustments in the use of manpower and equip ment in the Coast Guard port security program. This reduction of men assigned to pot secuirty duty on the Atlantic coast, along the Gulf, and on the inland rivers and lakes is being made with the view of using these men for the more urgent duty of manning ad ditional vessels recently construct ed for overseas service as well as for port security work beyond the Continental United States and to increase port security activities in west coast pors.” "This means that even a great er responsibility for port secur ity and other vital functions in •ssisting the Coast Guard to guard end protect the important ports of this region will pass to the Coast Guard Volunteer Port Se curity Force battalions and to the Coast Guard Auxiliary. "These fine organizations in Wilmington, Charleston, Jackson ville and Savannah have been functioning splendidly,” he said, "and I am confident that with the added responsibility which will now become clear to them and to their fellow citizens in these cities, additional forces will be forthcoming to handle any task asked of them by the Coast Guard to assist in their home commu nities and to take the places of the men who have gone and are going to the fighting fronts.” AMERICANS BUT 16 MILES FROM COLOGNE (Continued from Page One) advance captured Porselen, Ober bruch, Kempen and Schan. Eisenhower announced that the Ninth army was under operational command of Field Marshal Sir B. L. Montgomery in the new offen sive and that its movements were linked to those of the Canadian First and British Second armies. The British Second army remain ed quite along the Roer and Maas (Meuse) rivers. But the Canadian First added new fury to the Allied assault by jumping off at dawn under a five-hour artillery barrage In a new drive for the Rhine. The attack gained a mile in the first few hours and there were signs that the Germans were withdraw ing to high ground to meet it. Greatest Gains The greatest gains were scored by Lt. Gen. George S. Patton’s Third army as it smashed five miles deeper into disordered Ger man defenses east of the Luxem bourg border, seizing 21 more towns. ' ledium and fighter bombers harassed the Germans for the second straight day, flying more than 4,000 sorties in the immediate battle area and attacking German traffic in the rear. Pilots said the Germans were fleeing in disorder before Patton's drive in the Luxembourg area, seeking the temporary safety of the Pruem river as his 6th Armor ed division swept up the key road center of Nuererburg. The Third Army took 1,359 pris oners Friday and additional hun dreds were pouring into prisoner cages yesterday. North of Duren, Maj. Gen. Terry Allen’s famed 104th ‘'Timber Wolf” division led the drive for Cologne and captured Birkesdorf, Oberzier and Neiderzier. South of Duren. the 8th division was identified as the captors of Niederau. There were indications that the awift American advance soon would bring Eisenhower's armies up against the main German fgr cas defending the Rhine, and the Allied supreme commander indi cated that one of the decisive bat tls of the war would be fought on the Cologne plain. The purpose of the offensive is to destroy all German power west of the Rhine, Eisenhower declar ed, and then cross the river and march to a meeting with Rus ;ian •rmies in the center of Germany. •XT Forty And Eight Holds Monthly Meeting Here The Wilmington Voiture No 245 of the Forty and Eight Society of tint American Legion held its monthly promonade last week at the Famous Grill, with 21 members present. The promonade was called to order by Chef de Gare W. J. Riley, and the committee reported on Scouting. A motion was made by J. B. Edwards that the Voiture meet with the Sea Scout Ship, and preseri a motion picture on Sea Scouting in order to learn some thing of that organization. Charles ] Trout of Southport said that they too haid formed a Sea Scout Ship, and had obtained a building at Long Beach for both Sea and Boy Scout*. MARINES CAPTURE HALF OF 1WO ISLE (Continued from Page One) enemy resisted our advance to the full extent of his armament. Wea pons of the ‘bazooka’ type were employed against our tanks and the use of rocket bombs weighing about 500 kilograms (approximate ly 1,000 pounds) continued.” Many Caves Testifying to the powerful de fenses the remaining men of the Japanese garrison of 20,000 were fighting from, Nimitz said that in a single area of approximately 200, 000 square yards along the east coast, the Marines neutralized about 100 caves ranging from 30 to 40 feet deep. The Marines, rooting the Japa nese out of their defenses with bayonets, tommy guns and hand grenades, were encountering rein forced blockhouses and pillboxes having four-foot bulkheads. One immediate result of me gen eral advance was a ‘‘marked de crease of enemy artillery fire” into the rear areas of southern Iwo won by the Americans in the open ing days of the invasion which started last Monday morning, Nimitz said. The bulletin issued early this morning gave this picture of the flaming front from the east to west coasts: 4th Marine Division commanded by Maj. Gen. Clifton B. Gates open ed a drive along the east coast which carried northward about 600 yards to extend the original in vasion beachhead to a stretch of approximately three miles. Struck up the central plateau on the right flank of the 3rd Division hitting the center of the Jap lines. 3rd Marine Division commanded by Maj. Gen. Graves B. Erskine: hammered 300 to 500 yards through a maze of interlocking pillboxes, blockhouses, fortified caves and thick minefields to burst across the center of the central Iwo airfield atop the central plains. This put the Yanks in the center of the is land in an area where Japanese military headquarters and govern mental centers were located. . - 5th Marine Division, commanded by Maj. Gen. Kellar E. Hockey: resumed its advance up the west coast after being pinned down by terrific Japanese fire for 90 hours. It drove ahead several hundred yards to win a two-mile grip on the west coast. -V_ PENALTIES DRAWN FOR CURFEW CODE (Continued from Page One) ing rinks, activities of clubs, dance studios and gambling establish ments. The WMC sent a 550-word list of instructions to its 300 field offices which will do the enforcing. But the WMC offices are to act only on complaints from local official's —city, county and such—and refer private complaints to such officers for investigation. Enlistment of lo cal enforcement cooperations is recommended. WILL FEEL PINCH RALEIGH. Feb. 24.— IJPI —Night spots and other places of amuse ment in North Carolina will feel the pinch of wrar time restrictions effective at midnight Monday, February 26, Dr. J. S. Dorton. state director of the War Manpow er Commission, said tonight. He said steps to require compli ance with a recent directive of War Mobilization Director James F. Byrnes to blackout places of amusement to conserve fuel and electricity, transportation facili ties and manpower which may be diverted to war activities, are be ing taken by his department. -V Greater Drafting Of Men 3G-33 Years Old Ordered (Continued from Page One) duction or in support of the na tional health, safety or interest.” Being "regularly engaged in” such activity continues to be the deferment rule for men aged 34 through 37. “Physically fit men in the 30 through-37 year old group—especi ally those under the age of 34 are confronted with the prospect of induction to the extent neces sary to fill the calls,” the Selec tive Service announcement said. MORE PRISONERS QF JAPS FREED (Continued from Page One) 1942. First interned at Santo Tom as camp, they volunteered to take over duties at the Los Banos hos pital when the Japanese opened the latter camp in May, 1943. The rescue was engineered by Col. Robert H. Soule with 1,500 sol diers of the 11th airborne division and the guerrillas. The guerrillas filtered into the area through volcanic country for several nights before the actual strike. These jungle-wise fighters were not detected by the Japanese. Before dawn Friday unit* of the 11th divsiion moved across Laguna De Bay in amphibious craft. As the guerrillas and amphibi ous forces closed in, big transport planes loaded with paratroops roared away from Nichols Field, on the outskirts of Manila. These troops, a selected detachment of the 511th parachute regiment, jumped directly over the prison camp. All three forces attacked simul taneously. The Japanese camp commander, members of his staff and 243 guards were at morning exercise, The Nipponese, taken completely by surprise, were killed to the last man in a brief battle. -V Force Strikes For 3rd Time Within Week (Continued from Page Orte) out an echelon attack.” Tokyo radio, as usual, claimed that Japa nese air units were intercepting the raiders. Tokyo said the attack occurred at 7 a. m. Japanese time. Mitscher, master of carrier war fare, had undoubtedly brought his great carrier task force just as close to Honshu as before. Stand ing 300 miles off the main island last week, he directed incessant aerial assaults against Tokyo and the surrounding area which spread fires throughout the capital. Superfortresses had joined in all out air assault against Tokyo last week. They appeared over the burning city while more than 1200 carrier planes still roaffTd over the area. There was no hint of the amount of damage being caused to Japan’s vital naval and military installa tion. But it appeared that Japan’s major docks and anchorages were being singled out for special at tention in the latest carrier-bone strike. ; Nimitz termed the first carrier attacks on Tokyo an historic vic tory and disclosed that 509 Japa nese planes were destroyed and over 36 ships destroyed or damaged in the raids, which caught the en emy airforce napping and were carried out through weather that hampered the Japanese defenders. An additional 200 to 300 planes were damaged. The first two attacks W'ere car ried out at a loss of only 49 planes, with a loss of from 30 to 40 pilots, some of whom may have been picked up by U. S. submarines which helped scout the J*p home w'aters for the fleet’s daring opera tion. The attacks marked the first time Tokyo had been hit by planes other than B-29s since Lt. Gen. James H. Doolittle led a small group of carrier-based B-25 Mitch els against Japan in 1942. -V BUY WAR BONDS AND STAMPS Motorists No\r"Get . . . . . . Extra Gas Mileage Thousands of motorists, taxicab, truck and tractor owners are now getting up to 30 per cent extra gas mileage, more power and pick-up, smoother running and quicker starting with a Vacu-matic on their cars. The new, improved, metal Vacu-matic operates on the Super charge principle, “Breathes’’ au tomatically and can be installed by anyone in a few minutes. Fits all cars. Nothing to regulate or ad just. The manufacturers, the Vacu matic Carburetor Co., 7617-776-P State St.. Wauwatosa, Wis., are offering a Vacu-matic to anyone who will install it on his car and help introduce it to others. They will gladly send full free particu lars if you write them or just send your name and address on a penny post card today. What Is Wrong When Prayer Fails! Thirty years ago, in Forbidden ribet, behind the highest moun tains in the world, a young Eng-' lishman named Edwin J. Dingle found the answer to this question. A great mystic opened his eyes. He realized the strange Power that Knowledge gives. That Power, he says, can trans form the life of anyone. Questions, whatever they are, can be answer ed. The problems of health, death, poverty and wrong, can be solved. In his own case, he was brought back to splendid health. He acquir ed wealth, too, as well as world wide professional recognition. Thirty years ago, he was sick as a man could be and live.; Once his coffin was bought. Years of almost continuous tropical fevers, broken bones, near blindness, pri vation and danger had made a human wreck of him, physically and mentally. He was about to be sent back to England to die, when a strange message came — “They are wait ing for you in Tibet.’’ He wants to tell the whole world what he learned there, under the guidance of the greatest mystic he ever en countered during his twenty-one years in the Far East. He wants everyone to experience the greater health and the Power, which there came to him. Within ten years, he was able to retire to this country with a for tune. He had been honored by fellowships in the World’s leading geographical societies, for his work as a geographer. And today, 30 years later, he is still so athletic, capable of so much work, so young in appearance, it is hard to believe he has lived so long. As a first step in their progress toward the Power that Knowledge gives, Mr. Dingle wants to send to readers of this paper a 900-word treatise. He says the time has come for it to be released to the Western World, and offers to send it, free of cost or obligation, to sincere readers of this notice. For your free copy, address The Insti tute of Mentalphysics, 213 South Hobart Blvd., Dept. N-224, Los An geles 4, Calif. Readers are urged tq write promptly, as only a limited number of the free books have been printed. 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