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The Wilmington morning star. [volume] (Wilmington, N.C.) 1909-1990, May 14, 1945, Image 1

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slightly cooler High. 79-low. S8. ^ State and National News
vnL/78—NO. 167_ ._\ WILMINGTON, N. C., MONDAY, MAY 14, 1945 ESTA BUSHED 1861
Leading Nazi
Hangman Still
faces red death
{J s. Headquarters Has No
Confirmation On
! Capture
TfiNDON, May 13.- (U.R) -Hein,
! rich Himmler, No. 1 of surviving j
: War criminals, was reported
I SS at large under mysterious cir
j fumstances tonight, as Moscow
I caiied for the immediate trial and
execution of all leading Nazis, in
cluding Grand Adm. Karl Doenitz.
Although unofficial reports Sat
urday said Himmler had been ap
pended, Gen. Dwight D. Eisen
howers headquarters said today
that it had no confirmation of the
"rest of the former school teach
fr who was the Nazis’ executive
director for murder and terror on
a mass scale.
The British radio correspondent
Chester Wilmott reported from
Field Marshal Sir Bernard L.
: Montgomery's 21st Army Group
headquarters in northern Germany
| that Himmler was believed to be
at large in that area which was
lurrendered by the Germans May
Wilmott emphasized that Himm
ler had not yet been arrested eith
er by the Doenitz government
which sacked him, or by the Allies
to whom that government sur
-Officers of the German high
command have seen Himmler with
in the past few' days and declared
that he was hiding nearby, guard
ed by SS (Elite Guard) troops,”
Wilmott reported. “Presumably
Himmler has not yet been picked
up because his hideout is in the
area not yet actually occupied by
the Allies.
"German staff officers say that
! after the failure of his surrender
offer to the Western Allies, Himm
ler faded out of the picture. Himm
I ler was said to be still wearing his
SS uniform when seen at high com
mand headquarters (in Flens
Meanwhile, the Moscow newspa
per Izvestia warned against such
captured Nazis as Hermann Goe
ring “who is now shedding copious
tears and putting on an act of the
innocent lamb, trying to cheat the
gallows by spreading the fable
that Hitler condemned him to
death, ’ The newspaper called for
the immediate trial and death of
leading Nazis, including. Doenitz,
whose status as a war criminal has
been in doubt.
i There w, re these developments
concerning war criminals:
1. Gen. Eisenhower was under
stood to have invited the United
Nations war crimes commission to
send investigating teams from Po
land, Greece. Yugoslavia and
(Continued on Page Two; Col. 5)
: _
War Bond Drive
To Begin Today
The Seventh War Loan begins
today, with New Hanover county
citizens assigned the biggest quota
Lus far—$5,167,000 in war bonds.
Individuals are asked to purchase
$2 478,000 worth of Series E Bonds
War bond officials have asked
Persons to celebrate victory in
burope by buying bonds, and
thereby helping to bring about final
*nd complete victory in the East
Retail store employes will meet
•A the Bailey theater at 9 a. m. to
to organize a War Bond sales
flftny. according to Walter Cartier,
«>.scutive secretary of the Wilming
on chamber of Commerce. Post
master Wilbur R. Dosher will make
hnef bond sales address, and
workers will be asked to sell $500
orth of bonds each during the
or'«- which ends June 30.
*; aha for coordinating the facili
o New Hanover bankers with
'"Vlues °f the County War Fin
»-me>,0‘®ardzat*on an(f other groups
d v ,,dlscussed at 8 p. m. Thurs
Rnm if5, ^ at fb-s Wrightsboro
farm61 '^onstration clubhouse by
end t, e.aders and wives, bankers
™^«mess men.
I President Leads Nation
In Prayer^ For Victory
IPresidpn* mT0N' May 13-~ «J.R) —
nation in Tr,uman today led the
yictorv in v“lemn observance of
God s Vi ” Eu-°Pe and prayed for
Pacific g °f AUied arms in the
«ivingI's'erv^ ^°med in the thanks
Truma; ' n,c.ei Proclaimed by Mr.
and his f. Day’ the President
denominaHnl’ T attended an inter
auditorium nf* serviee in the small
for the RptuV serves as chapel
pital Bethesda- Md, Naval hos
AbSSf penViCe Mr- Truman
tary of stat 1 0n iornner Secre
Paticnt at V01?61’1 Hull wbo is a
at the hospital. Then he
motored back to the White House
to spend the day with his 92 year
old mother, for this also was Moth
er’s Day.
The aged Mrs. Truman who flew
here from her Grandview, Mo.,
home Friday, stayed at the White
House while her son went to pray
with 500 Naval personnel, some of
them on crutches.
“Mama didn’t feel up to the
trip,’’ The President told reporters
on leaving the White House.
During the chapel service the
President joined the congregation
in intoning—“hear us, and use us,
(Continued on Page Two; Col. 3)
Germans Sabotage Grounded Planes
Most of the once-mighty Luftwaffe’s planes were “sitting ducks” for advancing Allied forces,
grounded from lack of gasoline. Those seen above are some captured by U. S. Seventh Army as enemy
resistance, collapsed on the Western Front. Most pi anes, like one in foreground, had been sabotaged |
by being cut through just forward of the tail asse mbly.___ '
Churchill Bitterly Denounces Eire
For Imperiling Future Of Britain
_: : x 1 1 m_-——. —
Prime Minister Signifies
Intention To Remain
British Chief
LONDON, May 13.— (U.R) —Prime
Minister Churchill revealed tonight
in a victory review that the Ger
mans had hoped to wreck London
last year with secret super-artil
lery and at the sime time he bit
terly denounced the Eire govern
ment of Eamon De Valera for im
periling Britain in her darkest hour
of the war.
Signifying his intention to remain
at the head of the government and
not to be “put out to grass,”
Churchill said that much remains
to be done in Europe if some other
form of totalitarianism is not to re
place the destroyed armed might
of Germany. And beyond all, he
said, “there lurks Japan,” whom
Britain is bpund by her ties with
the U. S. and the empire to fight
to the finish.
He gave no-hint that- he rfiigKt
soon dissolve the coalition parlia
ment to pave the way for a gen
(Continued on Page Two; Col. 5)
Best Opinion Sees An En
tire New Cabinet In
Another Year
WASHINGTON, May 13.— <ff) -
Best available opinion is that
while another year may bring
virtually an entire change in cab
met personnel, President Truman
will move slowly in that direction
Capitol Hill sources are confi
dent, however, that Judge Lewis
B. Schw-ellenbach, former Senator
from Washington, will be one of the
early additions to the Truman ad
Most observers think he will re
place Miss Frances Perkins a«
Secretary of Labor.
Schwellenbacn, now a Federal
district judge for eastern Washing
ton, visited with the President at
the Blair House recently and re
portedly went home to think over
Mr. Truman's plans for him.
Nobody seems to doubt that
Treasury Secretary Henry Morgen
thau, Jr., will leave his post after
the Seventh War Loan drive. A
friend and neighbor of the late
President Roosevelt, he is said to
be willing to step aside to allow his
replacement by a man of Mr. Tru
man’s own personal selection.
One of the closest of Mr. Tru
man’s friends in the holdover cabi
net—Postmaster General Frank C
Walker—is stepping out June 30.
The President named Demo
cratic National Chairman Robert
E. Hannegan of his own state of
Missouri to that post when Walker
asked to be relieved.
That is the first cabinet change
since Mr. Truman entered the
White House on April 12.
The other holdovers, for the most
part, are expected to step out at
gradual intervals extending ove~
several months, and perhaps ever
a year or more.
There has been no indication,
however, that the President has
any plans for the present to re
place Henry A. Wallace as secre
tary of commerce.
Wallace, the former Vice Presi
dent recently told reporters up act
leaving the White House that he
and the President understood each
Should Mr. Wallace become an
active candidate for the Demo
cratic presidential nomination the
relationship might be altered
So far the President has named
to top-flight assignments:
John W. Snyder of St. Louisas
Federal Loan Administrator.
post for which the Senate refused
to confirm Wallace when former
President Roosevelt appointed him
as commerce secretary after oust
ing Jesse Jones.
Matthew J. Connelly of Clinton,
Mass., former Truman Committee
chief investigator, as confidential
Formal Recommendation
For Single Administra
tor Is Planned
WASHINGTON, May 13.— (U.R> —
Chairman Elmer Thomas, D.,
Okla., of the Senate Food Investi
gating Committee, will recom
mend formally tomorrow the ap
pointment of a single administrator
to control all phases of the nation’s
food program.
He told reporters the proposal
was prompted by failure of the
OPA and War Food Administra
tion to cooperate with each other
and with the Foreign Economic
The recommendation win be
contained in a report to the com
mittee which for almost three,
months has heard meat men blame
(Continued on Page Two: Col, 5)
Security Members Plan
To Tackle Trusteeships
SAN FRANCISCO, May 13.—(U.R)—The United Nations conferees
prepared tonight to tackle the trusteeship issue—the major question
on which each of the Big Four nations, the United States, Britain,
Russia and China, hold widely divergent views.
The matter of trusteeships is the one big issue which is far from
solution at the World Security deliberations now that the ticklish mat
___-——+ter of integrating the pan-Ameri
L.CX11 CV.I. Ul J. l/J *3^.W
into the proposed World Security
organization appears well advanc
ed toward final agreement.
Documentary experts of the
American delegation were reduc
ing the security formula to specific
language over the weekend and
were expected to present it formal
ly to the Latin American states
early this week.
On the basis of informal presenta
tion of the American compromise
Latin American reaction has been,
largely, favorable. .
The U. S. formula is compara
tively simple. It incorporates the
principle that each nation is en
titled to self - defense in a case of
aggression and recognizes that un
der historic principles, such as
those crystalized in the act of
Chapultepec, “an attack on one is
an attack on all.
It provides therefore that in
event of aggression in the western
hemisphere, and unless and until
the new World Security Council
acts in the threat, the principles
of joint action specified by the
act of .Chapultapec will apply.
However, any such hemispheric
action will in no way limit the
World Security Council in any ac
tion it may eventually deem appro
priate and necessary.
Informal consultation among the
(Continued on Page Two; Col. 6)
General Curtailment Of
Over-All Program Is
WASHINGTON, May 13. — W—
The United States is still counting
Russia in on lend-lease while con
centrating this nation’s arms and
supply aid for the single conflict
against Japan.
The announced end of shipments
for . the terminated German fight
ing means a general curtailment
of the over-all lend-lease program,
but Russia, though at peace with
Japan, still will get supplies.
Leo T. Crowley, foreign economic
administrator, announced last night
that lend-lease shipments to Eu
rope will be confined henceforth
to countries at war with Japan cr
through which redeploying U. S.
troops will move. His carefully
worded statement made no speci
fic mention of Russia, a large part
of which is not in Europe. Other
sources said there is no block
against shipments to Russia by
other routes.
While there was no official state
ment other than Crowley’s bare
announcement, continuation of sup
plies for Russia past the end of
the war with Germany is consider
ed by the administration as justi
fied by much the same considera
tions that have governed other ship
ments to nations which were not
Russia’s continued preoccupation
of half a million crack Japanese
troops on the Manchurian border,
for instance, is off military ad
vantage to the United States eren
if they never fight. Much lenO
iease goods, for another example,
went to non-fighting Latin Ameri
can nations which gave the Axis
much less direct concern than
Observers were warned against
concluding that Crowley’s an
nouncement intended any “slap at
(Continued on Fade Two; Col. 7)
- - w ... _
360,000 CAPTURED
Russians Report Renegade
German Leaders Re
main Free
LONDON, Monday, May 14.—UP)
’’our Russian armies have liberat
’d all Czechoslovakia and Austria
rom Nazi die-hards—five days af
er fanatical German troops vio
ated Germany’s surrender and
ought on against the Red Army,
Moscow said last night.
Announcing the surrender of
160,000 Nazi troops on all sectors
>f the Eastern Front during the
ast 24 hours, Moscow’s war bulle
tin said the First, Second, Third
md Fourth Ukranian armies had
dosed in on German holdout po
sitions in the woods of Czechoslo
vakia and Austria’s high Alpine re
gions and had “cleared the occu
pied area of isolated German troops
The enemy forces under com
mand of Field Marshal Gen. Ferdi
nand Schoerner and Col. Gen. Ot
to Woehler had resisted Germany’s
unconditional surrender since Tues
day. Schoerner himself has been
named a war criminal by the Rus
Neither Schoerner nor Woehler
was reported among the generals
seized and the rebellious leaders
prsumably were stlil at large in
the wild hill country of Bohemia.
While the last remnants of Ger
many’s “middle army group” were
rounded up from the forests and
mountains of Bohemia and north
ern Austria, Moscow announced
that the total number of prisoners
taken since Tuesday had swelled
to 1,600,000. Ninety-one German
Generals were taken in the same
The gigantic bag boosted to 3,
400,000 the number of German
troops killed or captured since the
Red Army’s end-the-war offensive
began January 12.
In nearly four years of war, the
Russians have announced killing or
capture of more than 13,140,000
Nazi troops.
Among those surrendering to
Marshal Rodion Y. Malinovsky’s
Second Ukranian Army in Bohe
mia after a fruitless five-day at
tempt at a post-surrender war was
the commander of the third SS
‘death’s head” tank division, a
Maj. Gen. Backer.
Moscow dispatches indicated that
a few scattered Nazi units still
were hiding Out in Czechoslovakia’s
forests, but these rapidly were be
ing corralled into prisoner camps
to join the thousands of German
troops being shipped across Po
land to the Soviet Union where
they will be put to work restoring
Russia’s war-ravaged cities.
Malinovsky’s army and the troops
(Continued on Page Two; Col. 8)
Tokyo Says 900 Yank
Planes Blast Kyushu,
Including 20 B-29’s
WASHINGTON, May 13.—(U.R)—
Tokyo radio reported that 900
American planes .based upon air
craft carriers blasted the south
ern Japanese island of Kyushu
The broadcast recorded by the
Federal Communications Com
mission claimed Hellcats and oth
er carrier-based planes, plus a
formation of 20 giant Superfor
tress bombers, made 14 separate
attacks on Kyushu airdromes and
military installations between
30 a. m. and 2 p. m. It was the
first carrier offensive against
There was no immediate con
firmation of the raids from United
States sources.
Henry Morgenthau Opens
New War Bond Campaign
WASHINGTON, May 13.—(U.R)—
Secretary of the Treasury Henry
Morgenthau, Jr., opened the $14,
000,000,000 (B) Seventh War Loan
drive tonight by warning the na
tion that it must continue to back
the war to the limit to keep faith
with the men who must defeat
In a nationwide broadcast car
ried by the lour major networks,
he 'cautioned that victory over
Germany must bring no let-down
on the home front.
‘'There is no truce in this war
for the men in Okinawa,” he
said. “The war is not over for
the men who are already begin
ning to move from Europe to the
Pacific. They look to all of us
at home for the same unstinting
support that helped them to vic
tory over Hitler’s Germany.”
He spoke at the conclusion of
a special half-hour broadcast
which had as its theme the gigan
tic job the nation faces in crush
ing Japan, helping to rebuild Eu
rope, and reconversion to a fruit
ful peacetime economy.
The quota for individual inves
tors is $7,000,000,000 (B), largest
of the war.
Jap Aerial Center
On Mindanao Falls
MANILA, Monday, May 14.—{JP)
—Japan’s vast Del Monte air cen
ter on northern Mindanao fell to
elements of the U. S. 40th Infan
try Division without serious oppo
sition Saturday but in the Davao
sector the 24th Division was fight
ing one of the bitterest battles of
the Philippines campaign.
Australians, meanwhile, captur
ed long-defended Wewak on New
Guinea in a major triumph.
Maj. Gen. Rapp Brush’s 40th
which invaded Northern Mindanao
Thursday, swept over Del Monte,
which includes three airfields and
dispersed a Jarpanese force to the
The Yanks pressed two miles
beyond Del Monte in a drive to join
other American troops in the south
and bisect the big island.
West of the captured Davao
city, on southwestern Mindanao, the
Japanese added rockets to their
machinegun, mortar and artillery
defenses as intensity of the fight
A battalion of the 24th Divi
sion, isolated Wednesday by a
Japanese counterattack, linked up
with other Yank elements Friday
when the American bridgehead at
the Talomo river was widened.
At one point in the jungled Da
vao battle zone Yanks smashed
through Japanese lines and. cap
tured an estimated $1,000,000 worth
of Japanese aircraft engines and
plane parts.
Units of Australia’s Sixth Divi
sion, meantime, captured the long
contested city and peninsula of
Wewak on northeastern New Gui
nea in a swift drive from the west.
The Aussies reached the edge of
the western airstrip.
Another Australian force which
invaded the Cape Moen area, east
of Wewak, Friday has consolidat
ed its beachhead. Leading elements
have driven three miles to within
seven of a juncture with the west
ern force
MacArthur said the 31st Divi
sion under Maj. Gen. Clarence
(Continued on Page Two; Col. 3)
Chinese Enter Foochow
In New Major Campaign
CHUNGKING, May 13.—(U.R)—Chinese troops have entered Foo
chow, it was announced tonight, in what was considered a possible
drive to open a major harbor on the China coast through which to
funnel seaborne supplies to Generalissimo Chiang Kai-Shek’s armies.
The Chinese entered Foochow, 540 miles due west across the east
China sea from embattled Okinawa, Friday night and captured the
-if Japanese airfield south of the port
cny 01 oaa,wu, a v^umese mgu
command war bulletin announced.
To the north, other Chinese for
ces seized Sinchang, in eastern
Chekiang province, in a drive to
within 40 miles of the poast at a
point 265 miles northeast of Foo
chow and 130 miles southwest of
In Hunan province, the Chinese
tightened the trap around Japa
nese pocketed southeast of the
American air base of Chihkiang as
forward elements swept eastward
toward the big Japanese base of
Paoking after smashing a Japa
nese drive on Chihkiang
The war bulletin' said the Chin
ese launched their attack on Foo
chow, which the Japanese have
held for four years, Thursday
morning. Several columns made
the attack and by Friday morning
the Japanese positions northwest
of the city had been shattered.
The Chinese crashed into the city
Friday night and at last reports
were waging street battles with
the Japanese garrison.
(The exploding new offensive,
coming as the Americans neared
complete conquest of Okinawa,
raised the question whether it
might be part of a drive to be
coordinated with future develop
ments in the final offensive to
crush Japan. It was recalled that
Adm. Chester W. Nimitz months
ago said one goal of the American
Pacific offensive was the China
coast, where there was a multitude
of good harbors that could be
used as supply bases.)
In Crekiang the Chinese were
supported by local militia as they
took Sinchang Thursday after a
one-day battle. The bulletin said
the Japanese fled northeastward.
DUBLIN, May 13.— <-P) —Prime
Minister Eamon De Valera of
Eire had no comment tonight on
Prime Minister Churchill’s asser
tion that Britain “would have been
forced to come to close quarters”
with neutral Eire during the block
ade except for the friendship of
Northern' Ireland, the Eire gov
ernment information bureau an
Yugoslav Soldiers To Oc
cupy Major Portions
Of The City
BELGRADE, Yugoslavia. May
13.—(JP)— Western Allied soldiers
will remain in disputed Trieste
to operate the Adriatic port and
Yugoslav soldiers will remain in
occupation of major portions of
the city, it was learned today.
That apparently was the main
point of the agreement between
Marshal Tito and an emissary
from the headquarters of Field
Marshal Sir Harold Alexander, Al
lied Mediterranean commander.
The discussions arose when the
Yugoslav government demanded
withdrawal of the British-Ameri
can forces occupying the port and
part of the city. The Allied Medi
terranean command insisted on
the necessity of remaining in pos
session and operating the port to
supply occupation forces in Aus
The opposition to xne current
Yugoslav occupation is mainly for
mal. The important question with
a strong bearing on present Yugo
slav activity is to what extent
claims for Italian territories will
be granted at the future peace
Army Chief of Staff Lt. Gen. Arsa
Jovanovic said in an interview with
the official Yugoslav news agency
Tanyug that the region is under
military occupation by he Yugo
slav army “while its future will be
solved by the Allies at the peace
On the British-American side
the talks have been purely on the
basis of military necessity. In ad
dition to Trieste’s importance for
the occupation forces it is likely
to be vital for the delivery of
UNRRA commitments to Czecho
slovakia and parts of Poland.
Tito agreed to the full use of
Trieste for Allied supplies.
Although American correspond
ents in Yugoslavia have been re
fused permission by the Yugoslav
government to visit Trieste, it is
no secret that the political occu
pation of the whole Istria area is
going forward rapidly. This is
simple for the Partisan forces
since they had well integrated un
derground and skeleton administra
tive setups long in advance.
In addition to her claims to Ital
ian territory, Yugoslavia maintains
her frontiers also should be ex
panded to include parts of former
Austria. Tito’s forces already have
invaded this area but details of
their activities are not available.
^Reports from Austria said Yu
goslav partisans were taking over
town administrations in the south
ern part of Carinthia and Styria
provinces and that they had occu
pied points on the important high
way running from Klagenfurt to
U. S. Reported Less Tlian
1,500 Yards From
City's Center
GUAM, Monday, May 14—OJ.H)—
American forces on Okinawa have
hurled back a Japanese landing
attempt behind Marines battling
through the northern outskirts of
Naha within less than 1,500 yards
of the heart of that Island capital it
was announced today.
Dispatches said that the fall ot
Naha, largest Japanese city yet
3tormed in the Pacific war, was
imminent, although Adm. Chester
W. Nimitz’ daily war bulletin said
there were no appreciable changes
on that sector of the front yester
To the east, the Americans mad*
gains of 300 to 600 yards as they
drove a wedge between the Japa
nese strongholds of Shuri and Yona
baru in their mounting, four-day
cld offensive.
The Japanese attempt to land
on Okinawa was made in the are*
of Machinate airfield, five miles
northwest of Naha. It was blasted
by concentrated fire of American
shore batteries and Naval unity
hich sank a number of landing
craft and destroyed the Japanese
The Japanese were wiped out to
the last man as the atempt to
cut off the American spearhead
driven into Naha was frustrated.
In Naha’s outskirts, Japanese mor
tar and shell fire froze the Ma
rines in their foxholes on ‘Two
rlflge” overlooking the ruins of the
center of the city.
Marines said that not since they
had fought on the treacherous vol
canic ash beaches of Iwo had they
encountered fanatic resistance such
as the Japs were putting up for
Naha. They named the ridge over
looking the town in honor of the
bitter battles on Iwo
Fighting up to Shuri, the Jap
stronghold two miles east of Na
ha in the center of their short
defensive line, the first Marine
division was moving into high
ground overlooking the Jap posi
tions just south of Dakoshi.
Slightly to the east the 383rd In
fantry Regiment of the 96th divi
sion drove up toward the summit
of Conical hill, a key position
which guards the approaches both
(Continued on Page Two; Col. •)]
Japs Pay Heavy
Aircraft Toll
GUAM, MONDAY, May 14.—<>?>>
—The Japanese, driven to desper
ation by the war’s stunning im
pact on their home shores, are
throwing planes with unprecedent
ed ferocity against U. S. Pacific
fleet and the question arises: How
long can they pay the toll we are
In less than two months—since
March 18, when preliminaries to
the Okinawa invasion started —
the Japanese have lost 2,168 air
craft destroyed. Several times in
the past seven weeks, a single
day’s bag has been from 100 to
From March 18 to April 18, the
first month of the Ryukyus opera
tion, 2,569 Nipponese aircraft were
Many military men believe
these losses struck a crippling
blow to enemy air power, par
ticularly when coupled with heavy
B-29 raids against Japanese in
dustry. Nippon’s capacity for
aircraft production has been es
timated variously from 1,200 _ to
1,500 monthly, far under recent
monthly losses.
Crown Prince Returns
To Capital Of Norway
OSLO, May 13.— UFi —Crown
Prince Olav of Norway returned
to the nation’s capital today and
was greeted by the biggest throng
in Oslo’s history while in a dingy
cell in Oslo’s largest prison Vid
kun Quisling was reported “going
The ex-president of the Norwe
gian puppet government was com
plaining about his food and no
body seems to care.
Olav landed from a British
cruiser. He perched on the back
of an open car and was driven
to the royal palace. Wearing the
battle dress of a general of the
Norwegian army, he smiled and
saluted the waving throngs who
shouted “Hiya, Olav!” at tho
triumphal procession moving
through the streets.
Since dawn, thousand of Nor=
wegians had lined the streets of
Oslo, although the news that Olav
was to return at 4 p. m., was be.
ing kept on an "unofficial” basis
for security reasons. It was es
timated that 250,000 persons wero
in the streets.
Three cabinet members also
were in Olav’s party as well as
British Lt. Gen. Andrew. Thorne
who will command the garrison.
(Continued on Page Twoj Col. »):

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