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WILMINGTON. H. C. SAIDBPAT. MAT II IH1 ESTABLISHED 11*7
Russia Given Deadline On Security Plan ... *—1 ♦ J^tin Americans Seek To Prevent Further Ac tion Immediately -—-* ‘ i can FRANCISCO, May 18.—<i«— American delegates decided to ridit to give Russia three more 5 * decide whether to support ♦he fusing of an inter-American and a world security plan in tne United Nations conference. Some Latin American nations were teaming up to prevent con ference action on some big issues until they know what the Soviets jre going to do. nut the American delegation de fiHed it was better to play a wait L same than to risk another row with Russia. The delegation drafted last week formula which would let the Pan American republics band together to resist attack on any of their number and at the same time would not jeopardize the over-all Deace-keeping authority of a new world organization. The formula was relayed to Moscow last Satur day. No answer has come back yet. Some American delegates were all for shoving the regional se curity issue into the conference without w'aiting for Soviet reac tion. Others favored the more con ciliatory process of holding off until Monday, and that view pre vailed. On another conference problem involving Russia, the United States, through Secretary of State Steltinius, formally declared to day that independence of depend ent peoples is an American ob jective. For areas to be protected by mandates and trusteeships, Ameri can delegates are backing a pro posal for “progressive develop ment toward self-government in x^v-n-1. nr,rvVAr\r>inin +Vv Ck 1TA nr! V"l rT circumstances of each territory.” But Secretary of State Stettinius said in a statement: "It is our understanding that this policy clearly includes the attainment of independence of the people of a trusteeship area when they so desire and are prepared and able to assume the responsibil ity of independence.” Seeking to answer criticism from various sources and to clarify the American stand, Stettinius assert ed that "attainment of independ ence is one of the United States’ objectives in any government of dependent peoples.” The “self-government” clause is part of a paper submitted to a conference trusteeship committee so it could have something to work on. It was offered on behalf of the Big Five—China, France Britain, Russia and the United States. Russia has proposed that inde pendence be named an objective. China has suggested that both self-government and independence be included. The British, perhaps concerned over the possible reaction in their colonial empire, have argued a2ain writing in "independence.” And Stettinius said the unanimous position of the American delega (Continued on Page Five; Col. 6) ._ \T WEATHER (Eastern Standard Time) (By l'. S. Weather Bureau) •t1H^eorn°Iogical data for th* 24 hours lnd,n* 7:30 p.m., yesterday. Temperature »:30 pmm6976; 7:3° am’ 6°: 1:30 P™' 7°: Normal"™ 72; Minimum 64; Mean 68; Humidity am' 87; 7:30 am, 88; 1:30 pm, 54; ‘"™ Pm, 59. T„. . , Precipitation |14 1he 24 hours ending 7 ;30 pm, 1.470iachesnce the £irst o£ the m‘llth Aides For Today the r lr,Q r.e ride TabIes Published by • =. Least and Geodetic Survey I WUmmlgon - “& U:o7a M«onboro Inlet - 'S ifc 5Jj7: Sunset. 7:09; Moo:iriseP Staged «oonfet- 7:27 a.m. —5f_2A_£iver^j5t Fayetteville, 10:27. Franklin Captain pygwi. 1.1 ! —n Capt. Leslie E. Gehres, of the Aircraft Carrier U. S. S. Franklin, who said the seamanship on board his vessel at the time when more than 200,000 pounds of ammunition exploded was “the most daring I ever saw.” BRITON TO URGE MASS INDICTMENT Vansittart To Seek Convic tion Of Gestapo And LONDON, May 18.— (U.R) —Lord Vansittart, influential leader of Britain who believes a stem peace necessary to European security, disclosed today that he intended to demand mass indictment of the German Gestapo and SS troop or ganization on war criminal charges At the same tim$ investigators of the United Nations War Crimes Commission prepared to leave for the continent to gather evidence against leaders of the German medical profession implicated in guinea pig experiments and simi lar atrocities as the result of which thousands of men, women and chil dren were murdered under Nazi auspices. The terrible record of German war crimes fully revealed in re cent weeks was lengthened today when the Swiss radio said on the authority of thp nresident of th* International Red Cross that Adolf Hitler wanted to murder all Allied prisoners of war. Lord Vansittart, former chief diplomatic adviser to the Govern ment, announced that June 12 af (Continued on Page Five; Col. 5) kuhnTs ordered BACK TO GERMANY Officials Say Former Bund Leader To Be Dealt With By Army WASHINGTON, May 18. — (Jf) An order deporting Fritz Kuhn, former German - American bund leader, back to now-conquered Ger many was announced today by the justice department. For the 49-year-old Kuhn the or der opened no prospect for renew ing his activities. He has been un der detention in this country as a “trouble maker” and officials said that on his arrival in Germany Ik will be dealt with as the U. S. Army sees fit. The ouster was ordered by the Board of Immigration appeals whc classifed him as an undesirable alien. It was the result of a series of legal proceedings involving hi: conviction in 1939 of larceny oi bund funds and a denaturalization action taken by the government in 1942. Admitted to the United States (Continued on Page Five; Col. 71 Chinese Void Scandal Will Be Investigated XU A PllT-.. ,_ fcartT U1U«, May 18.—l^P)—At eiai. Wo, Chungking banking offi *nd Possible 18 more, lacs' Hectinnhment Proceedings in con dollar China’s multi-million Pre« >• S° d scandal,” Chinese P No, Ports said today. tvaveMvVu6 speculative buying market a/? hit the Chungking gold gold in March 28, involving some by the United States, tight CPrin? t0 hght here through »PPUori S°rShlp which the Chinese 5 w eXport of the story, last nighf0^ he* left Washington Franc^f 1 return to the San Ugn M nLC0^erence- China’s For ed “™ster T- V. Soong authoriz sons hot ei!i*C1U that the guilty per fused thod an official leak which be Punis'hoH speculatlve wave will Punished drastically, investigation which he order ed before he left ChungKing is sui in progress, it was learned, and he declined to comment further before he gets full details of what it dis closes. News leaked out prematurelj that the official price of gold wai to be raised from 20,000 Chinese dollars to 35.000 per ounce. Quid fortunes were made by those whe got wind of the rise in time tc buy gold at the old price. Today it was learned here tha a Chungking business daily, the Shang Wu Jih Pao, reported Apri 25 that the control Yuane had in stitut^d impeachment proceding fol lowing an investigation. The paper said that the Centra Bank of China, its subsidiary Cen tral Trust, the bank of Communica (Continued on Page Two; Col, 3| France Named By President In Truman 18— UP) — President reaffirmed America’s friendship with France, today expressed a desire to meet General Charles di Gaulle and offered the French a portion of the American occupation zone in Germany. In a formal statement issued aft er he conferred on a number of problems of “primary interest” be tween the two countries with Georges Bidault, French foreign minister, the chief executive also: 1. Welcomed any assistance France “and our other Allies” might bring against the Japanese that could be synchronized with operations already planned or un 2. Asserting the United States government and its people will continue to take all possible steps to “facilitate the recovery of France and qf her people.” 3. Declared France had emerg ed with renewed strength from the European war and had dem onstrated her determinatio-4 ..nd ability to resume her “rightful and eminent” place among the nations which will share the major respon sibility for maintaining European and world peace. The President’s statement, couch ed in the third - person, was in terpreted generally as an effort on the part of the new adminis tration to erase any ill feeling that might have resulted from past fric tion between this government c.nd de Gaulle. But his statement that he would like to meet General de Gaulle was taken to refer to a conference just between the two. Not with the other members of the Big Three in attendance. Asked Tuesday at a news conference whether de Gaulle would sit in on the next Big Three meeting. The President said it would embr .ce only himself, Prime Minister Churchill and lilar shal Stalin. Place and date of the meeting have not been determined. In the same sentence ii. which he mentioned de Gaulle’s name, Mr. Truman today said the Unit tv* wiaiyo *ujxj cviatcu uic part which France “could and should play in the settlement of questions of world and European interest.” M. Bidault told report ers his conference covered “poli tical questions of the day” with out referense to any meetings. On the occupation question, the chief executive “confirmed to M. Bidault this government’s complete willingness to relinquish a part of the American zone of occupation in Germany,” adding: “Details have already been con veyed informally to the French government and are now in the process of being formalized.” Exactly what territory wHl be turned over to the French for oc cupation was no announced. France, however, has expressed a desire to take over much of the industrial Ruhr region. -V Nitro Glycerine Blast Kills Two KANSAS CITY, May 18—(U.R)— Two persons were killed and two more missing tonight after the ex plosion of a nitro glycerine neu tralizer at the huge Sunflower Ord nance plant near De Soto, Kansas. Damage estimated at about $40, 000 was caused by the explosion which was felt for a radius of 30 miles around the huge rocket powder plant. Col. Donald R. Hyde, command ing officer of the Hercules plant said the small barricaded build ing in which the nitro-glycerinc was housed exploded violently about 5 p- m. Another worker was injured in the explosion, Hyde said. He had left the building about three min utes Deiore. Reverberations from the blast were felt in a 30-mile area around the plant and newspapers and ra dio stations were swamped with telephone calls asking for infor mation. Doors and windows in homes ip Kansas City, some 25 miles dis tant from the big plant, wer* shaken by the blast, and othet communities farther east reported they felt the concussion. ~bulStmT WASHINGTON, Saturday, May, 18.—(U.R)—A “very large” force of Marianas-based Super fortresses hurled high explo sive bombs on industral tar gets in Hie western outskirts of Tokyo today (Japanese time) the War Department announced. I The demolition raid was in contrast to the two mass in cendiary attacks carried out earlier this week on Nagoya, Japan’s third city. > JAPANESE ARE BELIEVED PREPARING FOR DU TH STAND ON OKINA WA ISLE BLAST ON U. S. S. FRANKLIN, IN WHICH HUNDREDS DIED j Debris flies in every direction as another internal explosion convulses the gallant vessel and takes more lives. Fire fighters fall back on the littered deck to escape the effect of the blast—one of many—and then courageously move for ward a: moment later to battle the furious flames. In the struggle to save their ship, 341 men gave their lives, 431 others Wferg reported as missing, and 300 wfefe badly wounded. CHINESE PURSUE JAPS IN HANAN Enemy Reported W i t h drawing Toward Key Base Of Paoching CHUNGKING, May 18.—m—Chi nese troops "hotly pursued enemy forces over Hunan province’s 1, 500-foot hills today toward the »key Japanese base of Paoching, guard ing the communications city o1 Hengyang in Japan’s vital supply corridor across China between Manchuria and Indo-China. Chinese soldiers were within 18 miles northwest of Paoching and 73 miles northwest of Hengyang Thursday. The Chinese high com mand indicated that the entire right wing of the abortive Japa nese drive on the American aii base at Chihkiang, 250 miles south east of Chungking, had folded up, The Chinese pursued these flee (Continued on Page Five; Col. 8) -V Vinson Designs Plan To Beat Black Market, Subsidies Are Raised WASHINGTON, May 18— (57 - The Government gave cattle pro ducers a guarantee tonight againsl ceiling price cuts, and at the same time set up a brand-new subsidy to feeders, in a general attack or the meat shortage. Subsidies to packers of both beei and pork also were boosted. The order, from Fred M. Vin son, War Mobilization director, pro vided for a bookkeeping record or cattle from the range to the butch er’s block, to beat the black mar ket. Hitler’s Last Effort To Split Allies Told SOUTHEN GERMANY, May 18] —VP)—Adolf Hitler’s principal sec retary said today the fallen Fueh rer made one last desperate ef fort to split the Allies by ordering Propaganda Minister Paul Joseph Gbebbels to plant a story that the Russians were arming 200,000 Germans to fight England. But when the plot fizzled, when front communications were broken, Hitler decided the afternoon of April 22 that all was lost and de clared he knew he would die in Berlin, said the secretary, Ger hardt Herrgesell, who believes ^he fuehrer lies dead somewhere in the capital. The secretary said he left Berlin that same April 22 for. Berchtes gaden with thousands of pages of notes on the inside story of Ger many at war in the last two years. W-ith a staff of eight, he now is in a southern German city tran scribing his shorthand. After his arrival, Herrgeseli claimed that an attempt was made to burn his records—by whom he did not say—but a tremendous amount was recovered to provide the world with an intimate- picture of Hitler, his staff, their most secret deliberations and pictures of hangers-on and women friends. ; Herrgeseli said he wanted to be helpful in translating the notes for their historical value. I saw •some of the notes, charred about, •the edges. The secretary asserted that even after' Hitler abandoned hope in mid-April of splitting the Allies only a few days before Uie end, (Continued on Page Five; Col. ^ Yanks Capture lpo Dam, Trap Thousands Of Japs MANILA, Saturday, May 19—(A*)—Forty-Third Division Yanks and guerrillas captured the vital lpo dam, source of one-third of Manila’s water, and closed a trap on several thousand Japanese troops late yesterday. In the southern Philippines, on Mindanao, the 31st Infantry Divi sion captured Valencia and its two adjacent airfields, which already XU niiSrf 1-111+ 4-/i ilmort/win licr ENEMY RETREATS TOWARD MOULMEIN 44,000 Japanese Report ed Involved In Gen eral Withdrawal CALCUTTA, May 18.— (^—Thou sands of bedraggled Japanese, large numbers in poor physcal condition, fell back today toward Moulmein which they seized early in 1942 in embarking on the con quest of Burma. _. It was estimated that 44,000 Japanese soldiers, many of them rear..echelon troops, were involved in the general withdrawal all the way from near Thazi, 290 irfRes north of Rangoon, to Moulmein, which is 90 miles east of the Bur mese capital across the gulf of Martaban. (A British task force cat%ht and sank an eight-inch cruiser of the 10,000-ton Nati class Wednesday about 50 miles west of the Malay peninsula, the admiralty reported in London. ) Near the center of this front the retreating Japanese put up stiff (Continued on Pajre Two; Col. 3) Ipo dam, strangely enough was taken intact although the Japanese had the opportunity and the demo litions sufficient to destroy it. A guerrilla force under Col Marcus Augustin closed the north ern jaw of a pincers against light opposition but Maj. Gen. Leon ard F. Wing’s 43rd met harder fighting in slugging the southern jaw shut. ,* The action trapped a large Jap anese force but the enemy still was fighting hard and appeared well supplied. The final assault on the dam was preceded by one of the most intense aerial firebomb raids in this theater. More than 375 Thun derbolt and Lightnings of the Fifth Air Force gave the area » sever two-day blasting. Capture of the dam does not bring Ipo water to Manila immedi ately. The Japanese still hold part of the aqueduct route. Maj. Gen. Clarence Martin’s 31st Division moved six miles U« central Mindanao to capture Va lencia and the two adjacent all dromes, Gen. Douglas MacArUun announced today. This was the first mention ot Maj. Gen. William H. Arnold’s veteran Americal Division on Min (Continued on Page Two; Col. 2) AMG In Italian Area Is Talked ROME, May 18—CP>—An Allied informant said today that the Al lies and Italy were seeking to in duce the French to withdraw from the tiny valley region around Aosta in northwest Italy so that an Al lied military government can be established there. The informant, who declined to be named, said Gen. Eisenhower’s supreme headauarters had been asked to persuade the French to retire and that Allied officers in northern Italy also were negotiat ing for the withdrawal of French civil administrations set up in towns and villages of tin region. Coming on top of the Yugoslav occupation of Trieste and Venezia Giulia province which set off a continued press clamor here -,/eeks ago, a reported statement by a French foreign office spokesman that France would seek frontier adjustments from Italy at the peace table was received with hos tility by newspapers here. SAILORS RELATE CARRIER BOMBING ' -- .1 Two Wilmingtonians De scribe Jap Raid On U. S. S. Franklin Two Wilmington sailors last night told their stories of the disaster of the Aircraft Carrier tT. S. 3. Franklin, when it was struck by two bombs from a Jap dive bomb er off the coast of Japan March 19. ‘‘I was at the stern of the Frank lin when it was hit, on my way to my battle station,” said L. K. Branch, seaman 1-c, son of Mr. and Mrs. J. W. Branch, 1 Wooster street. Seaman Branch was thrown into the sea and rescued by an other ship in task force 58, he said “I was in the same task force with the Franklin when it was hit, about 20 miles to our starboard,” said Joseph R. Newton, aviation machinist mate 2-c. son of Mr. and Mrs. G. T. Newton, of 615 South Fifth street. "At the time 1 didn’t know what ship was hit,’’ Petty Officer New ton added. “Smoke was pouring off her, and the ship looked dead in the water. We circled around her, and gave the carrier air cov erage." Seaman Branch hesitated to say anything when asked how he felt when his ship was struck, he couldn’fl get into words what hap pened fhat day, but this was term ed the most terrible U. S. «hiD disaster in this war. A former student at New Han over High school, Seaman Brancrt went to Honolulu after he got Dacfc to port. He was there a little more (Continued on Page Two; Col. 1) Soviets Term Sakhalin ‘Immemorably Russian9 iUUDVVJ VT , XVlCty xo.— \n) —XV1U5 cow newspapers today prominent ly displayed a letter to Premier Stalin asserting that the northern Soviet half of the Russian-Japanese Pacific island of Sakhalin was “immemorably Russian land.” The Soviet army newspaper Red Star meanwhile reported a train ing meeting of Red Army com manders in far eastern Siberia fac ing Japanese-occupied Manchuria. The letter from the people of northern Sakhalin took up a third of a page of every Moscow morn ing newspaper and was sent on the 20th anniversary of ‘‘liberation from Japanese occupationists” which its signers said coincided with victory over Hitlerite Ger many. Sakhalin long has been an irri tating question in Jap^ncse-Rus sian relations. uu-Dearing Sakhal in lies just north of the Japanes# home island of Hokkaido. Th# northern half of the 559-mile long, 124-mile-wide island is Russian, the southern part is Japanese. The letter, from “the toiling masses of Sakhalin,’’ said they had dedicated themselves to the princi. pie of “not for one minute lessen ing our efforts in the cause at further strengthening the defen sive growth of the military might of our homeland and strengthening the defensive power of Sakhalin. A dispatch from a correspondent of Red Star - datelined “Trans Baikal Front”—that part of far eastern Siberia between Lake Bai kal and Manchuria—meanwhile re^ ported a successful 20-day meeting (Continued on Page Five Colt 3). YANKS PENETRATE SOUTHERN FRONT 1 f Communique Gives Ground Action Only Through Thursday GUAM, Saturday, May 19.—(IPh* American troops penerated sec tors of the fiercely-contested south ern Okinawa front, Fleet Adm. Chester W. Nimitz reported today, but failed to make appreciable pro* gress toward either Naha or Shurl, their prime objectives. Nimitz’ communique surprising ly reported on ground action only through Thursday. Normally, hi* reports are only several hours be hind the fighting. Illustrating in tensity of battling which won small local gains, he cited these in stances: A regiment of the 77tli Infantry Division captured one hill position • i _ .44_ lllicU Ullica uut wao uiivvu v/i*. time, finally yielding to strong Japanese artillery and mortar fire. Elements of the Sixth Marine Division assaulted Sugar Loaf Hill nine times in one week before se curing it. The last three assault* carried them to the crest, but they were forced to yield the crest vice under fanaical couneraacks There is evidence that some Jap* anese commanders realize their eventual defeat is certain and that they characteristically are prepar* ing for a ceremonious death. Maj. Gen. Pedro A. Dei Valle’* first division Marines found Jap anese officers dressed in cere monial white in i command post the; captured. Presumably the white uniforms were formal mourn ing dress, worn under Japanese military custom. Del Valle’s Leathernecks over ran the command post, broke up the ceremony and meted out the death the white uniformed Jap anese officers were expecting. G. Company, 383rd Regiment of the 96th Division, engaged In an hour-long grenade duel with Jap anese in another instance. Fleet Adm. Chester W. Nimitz in today’s communique said the enemy’s lines were “being defend ed with the greatest tenacity of the entire operation’’ as the 10th Army smashed at the strongly fortified “little Siegried” line stretching across Okinawa from Naha on the west coast to Yona* harr. nn thp past. He estimated that Maj. Gen. Lemuel C. Shepherd, Jr.’s Sixth Division Leathernecks destroyed two battalions of fiercely defend ing and counterattacking Nipponese troops in their advance from the Osa to the Asato river guarding Naha. This advance represented about one mile and required near ly a week, so bitterly did the Jap anese fight back. The leather necks repulsed a number of small but savage counterattacks in thj* push. (Continued on Page Two; Col. #)j -V Fifth German U-Boat To Surrender To U. S. Arrives Early Today PORTSMOUTH, N. H., May 18— (U.R)—The last of five German sub marines to surrender to patrol units of the T\ S. Atlantic fleet will arrive at the Portsmouth Navy yard early tomorrow, and a special detail from Washington is ready to take charge of those aboard the U-boat. The Navy revealed that Maj. Gen. Ulrich Kessler, former com mander of Luftwaffe operations in the Atlantic, is on the submarine. Two dead Japanese attaci es also a e reported aboard the 1,600-ton U-234 which surrendered while en route to Japan. The unidentified Japanese were believed to have committed hari-kiri rather than be captured.