Newspaper Page Text
The Sunday Star-News
Published Every Sunday By The Wilmington Star-New* R. B. ‘Page, Publisher_ Entered as Second Class Matter at Wilming ton, N. C„ Postoffice Under Act of Congress Of March 3. 1879 SUBSCRIPTION RATES BY CARRIER IN NEW HANOVER COUNTY Payable Weekly or In Advance Combi Time Star News nation 1 Week -$ JO $ » $ 50 1 Month - U0 110 2-» 8 Months - 8.90 3J5 8.58 8 Months - 7.80 160 13.00 I year _ 15 00 !*00 W OO (Above rates entitle subscriber to Sunday issue of Star-News) By Mail: Payable Strictly in Advance 8 Months .8 2.50 8 2 00 V 3.85 8 Month. _ 5.00 4 00 7.70 1 year . 10.00 8.00 15.40 (Above rates entitle subscriber to Sunday issue of Star-News) _ WILMINGTON STAR (Daily Without Sunday) 3 Months-81 85 6 Months-63.70 1 Yr.-87.4G When remitting by mail please use check or U. S. P. O. money order. The Star News can not be responsible for currency sent through the maila.___ MEMBER OF THE ASSOCIATED PRESS AND ALSO SERVED BY THE UNITED PRESS With confidence in our armed forces—with the nnboundlng determination of onr people— we will gain Hie inevitable triumph—so help os God. Roosevelt’s War Message SUNDAY, MAY 27, 1945. ~ TOP O’ THE MORNING “The way back to headquarters leads over an engineer’s bridge . . . Would hte bridge still be there and could we return over it. The chaplain glances aft his driv er’s face. His face is white with the white ness that oomes only to one who knows what he has to fear. And now the bridge is just ahead—and now the car speeds over it! Safe! No one speaks for several minutes. Finally the driver turns to the chaplain. Yes. He is still with us!”—From “And God Was There,” by Eben Brink. \7 Money For Plants The campaign which has recently been in progress- to put Wilmington capital at work for expansion of the city’s industrial resources took definite form on Friday with the organ ization of a $500,000 corporation. The purpose is to employ this fund in erecting plants for industries which seek to locate here but can find no suitable building. Several firms are said to be already in this category. With money available for plant construction it is reasonable to assume that they will be in production as soon as materials are avail able and the needed buildings can be erected. While this capital will not be directly in volved in industrial output, it certainly will play an important part in Wilmington’s de veloping industry and so add to the city’s poswar prosperity. It is exlained no privileges will be extended to new firms not enjoyed by industries now here and that beyond receiving financial aid for construction their operation will be under complete jurisdiction of the management. This is essential for the protection and encourage ment of existing industries which have built up their own business at their own expense and by their own efforts. This initial step in improving the city’* in dustrial outlook promises much for Wilming ton’s future. . -V Longest Pipeline With completion of the last 400-mile lap by American engineers, oil and gasoline is now running into China from Calcutta through the longest pipeline in the world. For security reasons neihtre the total mileage nor the China terminus is revealed. But it is an nounced that more precious fuel is flowing through the line than could be trucked in over the Stilwell road or flown in by plane. Soldiers from Texas, Louisiana and Okla homa who know about pipeline construction because of their work at home were used by engineers, with the result that the job was finished with dispatch and seemingly impas sable obstacles were oversome. They con quered mountain passes 9,000 feet high and •treated through Burma’s jungles. One un usual feature Is that the line is portable. What this service will mean in the final campaign against Japan on Asia’s mainland is obvious. Allied mechanized equipment and air forces will have an adequate supply of both oil and fuel. With the Borneo oil fields conquered and supplying Alliel forces, the domestric petroleum siuation also will be greatly improved. -V War Criminal Indictments The ' United States has ploposed that war criminals be tried before an international mili tary court. Some of the United Nations op pose this plan. The British, for example, favor an agreement to punish German war criminals through treaty decisions of the Unit ed Nations concerned. fhe result is that trials for the men who are chiefly responsible for throwing the world into war and for the atrocities that have shock ed civilization as nothing else has ever done are delayed. When they will start is any body’s guess, but one American optimist in high position thinks an agreement will be • reached at least without the proverbial law’s delays. ■The trials, however, cannot be started, as a Unitel Press dispatch from Washington ex plains, until the Allies have agreed on a mili tribunal of some other body to punist flke major criminals and the governments o: liberated nations have appointed prosecutor: and prepared the United Nations cases agains them. Meanwhile 2,000 indictments have been re turned by the War Crimes Commission agains eneniei ncCM£*d of atrocities. They are thi first of tens of thousands to be returned, include ing some 27,000 by Poland and Czechoslovakia alone. It is thought the indictments in Europe alone may total 100,000. What they will num ber in Japan is not easily foreseen. But it is evident that all cannot be punished and the world settle down to strictly peacetime pur suits for years. <rr Uniform Divorce Laws Within the preserft decade the Supreme Court of the United States ruled that citizens of one state may establish legal residence in another for the purpose of securing a divorce. Now the same court upholds the North Caro lina Supreme Court in its decision that a six week residence in Nevada does not constitute legal domicile and that a divorce obtained un der the Nevada law cannot be recognized in this state. The decision, which constitutes a reversal of the United States Supreme Court’s earlier rul ing, revolves around a Nevada divorce granted a North Carolina couple who went to Las Vegas, where they lived in a trailer camp for six weeks and were separated from their former spouses by a Nevada court. Return ing to North Carolina after being married in Nevada they were convicted of bigamy. The case and its disposition by the top tribunal of the nation brings into question the legal standing of persons divorced in one state and living in another after marriage. Partic ularly does it cast doubt upon the legitimacy of children born of the second marriage. In a dissenting opinion, Associate Justice Hugo Black asserts the majority decision of the United States Supreme Court casts a “cloud over the lives of countless numbers of the multitude of divorced persons’’ in the country. And, as above indicated, a cloud over* their oifspring. The only way to remove the cloud would seem to be uniform divorce laws in all states. It is conceivable that this would involve a constitutional amendment. Perhaps it is be yond the jurisdiction, or even the inclination, of Congress. If it must be submitted to popu lar vote in the states, the sooner provision is made for it the better will it be for the entire population. ■* -V Why We Fight The United States ambassador, Spruille Braden, has arrived in Buenos Aires. He was no more than settled niin the Argentine capital than he granted foreign correspondents a con ference. During the interview he took pains to explain that the United States recognized the government of General Farrell through necessity only and not from choice. The Unit ed States, he declared, has no sympathy with the regime that rose from revolution and rules without consent of the people. A reported asked what he thought of rumo-s that this nation and Great Britain were pleased to deal wi^h Farrell, on the grounds that they could obtain more from a dictator regime than from a democracy, Mr. Braden replied: “The rumor is absolutely false. We are fighting for democracy throughout the world, and when we say we are fighting for democracy we mean exactly what we say. We would like to see democratic governments established every where.” Mr. Braden ran off the track when he voiced this opinion. We are not fighting for de macracy throughout the world. Neither would we like to see democracy established everywhere. We are fighting for our de .mocracy, and for the survival of democracy in all lands where it is the choice of people. This is very different from fighting for de mocracy or insisting that any nation adopt democracy that does not want it for itself. Fundamentally we are fighting for self de termination, by which exploited peoples may attain the right to rult themselves. -V Recovered Treasure Hermann Goering’s art collection is being displayed at Berchtesgaden to such GI’s in the vicinity as care to see it. It is marked “private,” and the value is estimated at $200, 000,000. Goering is the man who claims never to have done anything wrong in all his life. Maybe, in his code, thievery is not wrong. Yet every piece in the collection was looted from Eu rope’s museums. It consists chiefly of tapes tries and rugs, and gold and silver art objects, to which he could establish no right of owner ship in any court of law. Perhaps he merely took it into "protective custody.” In Norway, authorities are cataloguing items in a collection of stolen art treasures found in a house formerly occupied by Vidkun Quis ling. Its dollar value has been announced, but it must be tremendous as the collection con tains paintings, among others, by Rembrandt and Reubens. Maybe Quisling too was merely storing them for safety, until they could be returned to their proper galleries without fear of destruction by the barbarian Western Allies. It must be a source of deep gratification to all persons who prize culture that so much of the world’s treasure stolen by the Nazis is being recovered. At the same time it is a matter of deep cdhcern that Hitler and his robbers probably hid many masterpieces of art and literature too successfully for them ever to be recovered. -V We cannot support the thesis that because German leaders acted illegally, therefore they should be treated illegally.—President Robert ■ M. Hutchins, University of Chicago. • • * It is fine to have an ATC bas£ on the : Jap doorstep, but it will be much better when we fly right in through the doorway. That we . will do. . —Birig. Gen Thomas Mardin, commanding general of Air Transport Command’s Central : Pacific Wing. CAROLINA I FROM THE CAPITAL By DAVID BRINKLEY -Star-News Washington Bureau-— WASHINGTON, May 26.—The arrangements are not complete, but it’s certain now that President Truman wiU put in an appearance in North Carolina, probably in Statesville, some time in October. Ostensibly, he’s to speak to the State Senate, but since the Legis lature can assembly officially only when con voked by the Governor, the Statesville affair will be more of a social get-together than any thing else. North Carolinas Representative Robert Doughton extended the invitation in a special trip to the White House, and his was the first, such bid the President has accepted. Neither he nor his new press secretary, Charles G. Ross, has offered any idea of what he plans to talk about while in North Carolina. STILL ON CALENDAR That airport development bill, which in cludes appropriations for Wilmington, White ville, Carolina Beach, Southport, and other North Carolina cities and towns, is still on the Senate calendar awaiting action. It was put back there after its introduction on the floor because its sponsor,Nevada’s Senator McCarran, was out of town. orrusis DILL Most of the state’s Congressional delegation, notably Senator Clyde R. Hoey, are opposed to the bill to establish a permanent Fair Em ployment Practices committee. It would fine employers who refuse to hire job applicants because of race, creed or color. Though many have tried to charge the southerners’ oppo sition is besed on race prejudice, Hoey says he opposes the bill only because he doubts it. will encourage full employment and because he’s opposed to forcing any employer to hire any employe he doesn’t want. RIDICULOUS A retail industry having stores from coast to coast has distributed a booklet telling its selespeople “how to deal with returned ser vicemen.” It goes to great lengths to point out that veterans are in need of special treat ment because of their “unsettled state of mind” and because they must be helped in “rehabilitating” themselves, whatever that means. Ridiculous as that is, its typical of a widespread and growing misconception which government agencies concerned with veterans are trying to head off. A great many people have developed the idea that servicemen back from battle are all psychiatric cases, must be handled with speial care and treatment like mental incompetents. Officials point out that to foster such an idea is to underestimate the stuff of which Americans are made. Most men returning from the services are too happy at being civilians again to worry about psy choses and neuroses, and the only special help they need or want is in finding a job at which they can earn the decent, peaceful living for which they have fought. MINOR MEMOS More than 100 transport planes have been allotted to the nation’s airlines, which may force government action on long-pending ap plications for extension of air service to cities not now served . . . employes of the Office of War Information, probably with good cause, fear their agency may collapse under them at any time . . . our propaganda broadcasts to Japan now are aimed at dividing the en emy’s army and navy . . . some government officials want to change German’s name . . . The outlook for new shoes is not good. The reasons are as many and as complicated as those behind the meat shortage, but botfi manufacturers and rationing bosses agree that old shoes should be repaired wherever possi ble . . . Some of the lesser lights among radio news commentators will soon be leaving the air . . . The ninth War Loan is expected to be the last . . . The “Thawing” of frozen foreign assets will be a bigger job than freezing them, since the Treasury doesn’t want any funds recovered by war criminals . . . When the first shipment of Scotch whiskey reached a South African port this week after years of drought, it was greeted by a brass band ... A 21-year old veteran who lost both legs at Salerno was fitted with artificial limbs at Walter Reid hospital this week. The next night he showed up at a dance—and danced . . . Some of the loudest rejoicing at the President’s firing of Attorney General Francis Biddle was in his home-town newspaper, the Philadelphia In quirer. tr Editorial Comment TRUMAN MAKES GOOD CHOICES President Truman in accepting the resigna tions of Attorney General Francis Biddle, La bor Secretary Frances Perkins, and Secretary of Agriculture Claude Wickard, and replacing them with nominees of his own ,has effected a Cabinet shuffle of major proportions. In selecting nominees for the Cabinet posts Mr. Truman seems to have found men who are. particularly well fitted for the tasks they are to perform, although their names are not as familiar to the American public in general as some of those who had been suggested for the posts in previous press speculation. Judge Lewis B* Schwellenbach, named for the Labor portfolio, has established an excel lent record as a liberal and friend of labor in his career as Senator and Federal judge, Tom Clark, nominee for Attorney General, has served as Assistant Attorney General un der Mr. Biddle and is known as an exceptional ly able and courageous lawyer and public of ficial. Representative Clinton B. Anderson, of New Mexico, slated to succeed Mr. Wickard as head of the Department of Apriculture and also take over the duties of Marvin Jones as Food Administrator after June 30, is head of the House Food Committee which has engaged in a thoroughgoing study of national food pro duction and distribution, makin several im portant recommendations looking to the im provement and streamlining of this program. These men will bring new blood, ideas and energies into the Cabinet, but their selection does not appear to signify any basic changes in Administration policies. — Winston-Salem JoumaL MEASURE OF EVERYTHING It used to be said that money was the meas ure of everything. Now it’s the ration coupon that is the yardstick of the nation. People are rich if they have red points and poor as Job’s proverbial turkey i fthey haven’t.—Washing ton Evening. Star. GENIUSES Chateaubriand said: “The most disastrous times have produced the greatest minds.” We ought to be just about overrun with geniuses, then; but are we?—Washington Evening Star. , * - ~ ■ - ' , “ JUST LIKE ANY OTHER CORNERED RAT | WASHINGTON CALLING 1 V i by MARQUIS CHILDS j vr rxkJAiAi't vj x .—n is naiu, iui an American to understand the blood feuds of central Eurpoe. While we have our own racial tensions within our country, they are not fed by the memory of centuries of conflict, war and pil lage and conquest unending. That is the framework of the present Polish dispute, it seems to me. To ignore the bloodstained background, to overlook the long history of horrors and hatreds, is to. get a wrong perspective on what is not so much a poltical issue as it is another outbreak of the hatred between Russian and Pole that has flared up so often in the past. We can see now at this moment how it grows and feeds on itself. It is nistructive to take 6 single example—the Pole whom Stalin personally denounced in his outburst of a week ago. This is General Leopold Oku licki, one of the 16 arrested at Moscow’s orders. When I wrote about General Okulicki some time ago, I said there was a suspicion he had collaborated with our com. mon enemy, the Nazis. That was an injustice to General Okulicki, and I am sorry for" it. His record in this war is re markably revealing. As a full colonel, he took part in the Polish German campaign of 1939, when the Nazi Blitzkrieg overwhelmed in a few weeks Poland’s pitiful, romantic 19th century army. Not wanting to be taken by the Ger mans, eGneral Okulicki gave him self up to the Russians in Lwow in the fall of 1939. He was put in a GPU prison in Moscow. Anyone who has read Arthur Koestler’s extraordinary “Darkness at Noon” will kn/w what this meant. It appears that the Russins wanted Okulicki to head up Polish units within the Red army. He refused, and his refusal did not make his position any easier. Kereasea irom prison in ine summer of 1941 as a result of an agreement reached between the Soviet, ambassador in London and the Polish exile government, Oku licki went to work at once on the organization of the Polish army in Russia, although he was in very poor physical condition. At that time he became chief of staff to General Anders. The following year the.JPolish forces were evacuated from Rus sia and Okulicki went with Anders to Italy, where the second Polish army corps played an important part in the long, costly battle up the Italian peninsula. Still a col onel, Okulicki was Anders’ right hrnd man during most of the Ital ian campaign. Then although he was 50 years old, he went through regular para troop training, and in the summer of 1944 he was dropped from an Allied plane into German-occupied Poland. At the side of General Bor, he took part in the Warsaw uprising. When Bor was arrested by the Germans, he was made chief of the Polish underground army, with the rank of general. On August 29, 1944 that army was officially recognized by Britain and the United States as a full-fledged combatant force. As the Poles see it, the Russian failure to come to the aid of this force amounted to betrayal. After a lon^-and terrible siege in War saw, they were left to the mercy of the Germans. All the time, of course, the Ger mans were exploiting these differ ences to the fullest extent in prop, aganda beamed to the Poles. With diabolical persistence and in gcuuiijr, me y nave aaiiiicu me flames of these blood hatreds wherever they found them in Eu rope, as part of a calculated policy. Mere liberation has not overcome the consequences of this sinister business. The story of Geenral Okulicki could be repeated many, many times over, both out of contem porary history and out of the Czarist past. Nor are the cruelty and injustice all on one side by any means. These are the bloody threads that make up the tapestry of reprisal and revenge. Certainly we Americans cannot unweave this tangled tapestry of hate. We cannot make it come right. Even if we had physical power in that area, even if we were to go in, which is unthink able, as conquerors, we could not undo the work of centuries. What we can do, in my opinioi^ is to stand firm for what we be lieve to be right. We can work as mediator and friend, trying not to become involved in the quarrel as a partisan. Above all, we must have pati ence. We must realize how deep are the roots of this feud. We must understand that it has little to do, really, with contemporary politi cal forms and that its cure will not come overnight. Some of our politicians would ignore the historical perspective. They would make us a party to this ancient quarrel. Down that path lies certain disaster. (Copyright 1945, by United Fea ture Syndicate, Inc.) _v_:_ ATC Planning Atlantic Hop Every Six Minutes WASHINGTON. May 26. — (JPj — The Army’s Air Transport Com mand expects to have one flight over the Atlantic every six min utes when the air ferrying of troops from Europe to the United States reaches its peak. The ATC disclosed this today and also reported that the flight of tactical planes, such as bom bers, from Europe will be stepped up to between 100 and 125 daily. The tactical planes are being flown over the north and south At lantic by the crews that manned them in combat. The ATC hopes to return 50,000 soldiers a month by air when re deployment hits full stride. These men, some of whom already have made the crossing, possess special skills or are coming back for dis charge from the Army. -V Extension Of Price Control Considered WASHINGTON, May 26. —(IP)— A three months extension of the price control act without change to allow further study proposed amendments is reported under consideration by congressional lea ders. It was learned today that, this possibility was discussed by a Se nate Banking Subcommittee, handl ing OPA extension legislation, and will be brought before a closed meeting of the full committee Tuesday. Increasing the pressure for such a step is the growing prospect that controversies over amendments cannot be fought out and an exten sion measure enacted by June 30, expiration date of the law. RANKIN PLANNING DRIVE FOR BONUS WASHINGTON, May 26.— UP) — Chairman Rankin (D.-Miss.) of the House veterans committee sought White House blessing today for an all-out drive for a bonus for serv ice men. Rankin, co-author of the G. I. bill of rights and of legislation that raised the monthly pay of enlisted men from $21 to $50 a month, wants Congress to vote a $1,040 bonus to every service man and woman who has been in uniform at least 90 days and hasn’t been dishonorably discharged. “The time to give it to them is now, while many are being de mobilized,” he said in an interview during which he disclosed that he has sought the views of President Truman on the whole subject. The Mississippian said he was enclosing, in a letter to the Presi dent, a copy of a bill he introduced on May 2 and which he wants en acted into law “without too much delay.” “I haye asked the President to state his views on the bill and on the subject generally,” h.e added. Just how soon he will ask the veterans committee to begin con sideration of the legislation will depend. Rankin said, on how soon the President communicates his views. But the White-maned southerner made it plain that he does not in tend to Wait until the Ways and Means Committee starts consid ering another bonus bill Calling for a maximum payment of $5,000 to overseas veterans and $4,000 to home-service men. -V More Food Stamps To Become Valid June 1 WASHINGTON, May 26. — I/P) — Five fnore red stamps for meats and fats and five blue for process ed foods will become valid June 1, OPA announced today. The red coupons are V2 through Z2; the blue D through HI. Both series, in ration book four, will be good through September 30. OPA also reminded that these other stamps will not be good after June 2: Red—Y5, Z5 and A2 through D2; blue—H2 through M2; and sugar coupon No. 35. ---- Interpreting , TheJWar BY J. M. ROBERTS, jr The French, who have Italy, whose American - armies broke almost entirel PN from supreme allied control the last days of the w,tduril'l have a big row on their ha'?1* the Middle East, have add?15 other embarrassment to th, 8,1 opment of Allied policy J Europe. ' • u Luckily, the demand . France s foreign affairs '• tee for Allied intervention in?? ish politics is not likely to P“!1' the point where Britain and A? ica would have to givo jt , consideration. Issued in a of pique at Spain's failure to?"1 over Pierre Laval immediately? probably will amount to no I than an expression of opinion'? it leads to wonderment whether? French, recently liberated at A cost of thousands of Amerir,„ , British lives, are giving thought to the unilateral road? seem to be traveling. ,(J Delicate Problem Spain presents one of the mm delicate and complicated prble in postwar Europe, and ultima)?* something will have to be done b! there are good reasons for not not’ ing a stick into this hornets ? ! right now. It already is too J an eruption which might re-alb leftists and rightists in Europe? it did ten years ago. Just as Spain was the for World War II. so she now cor tains a sample of all the elements of chaos in Europe. Franco’s Falange has fosterfd the communist line that all Spa% ish republicans are communists? order to keep Franco, who has wavered at times, believing that the Falange must be maintained to fight communism. The Falanfe has sponsored acts of violence and attributed them to the communists to enhance the color of this »'cture. The republican group — coippot. ed of the socialists, republicans and Spain’s two greatest labor unions—are fighting both commim. ists and Falangists. The general public is reported as an aiu ui communism as 0! the fascist Falange. The fiery Catalonians, led by the minority but extremely active syn dicalists, and the more conserv.. tive Basques are fighting for «|. tonomous states. Franco has been urged by the army, the clergy and the Spanish upper classes to abandon the Fai ange and organize a pure military dictatorship, with or without res toration of the monarchy, which Prince Juan and the royalists are demanding. Here is a spot, then, where Fas cism, communism, a so-called lib eral-republicanism and pure class selfishness are rubbing each other raw. The French, with an am? just about large enough to police the portion of Germany they are insisting on occupying, may thiri lit all right to become involved right now. It is certainly no place for anyone who already has a lot of fish which are going to spoil ii not fried immediately, nor for ary one who doesn’t want a comma ist regime or a civil war in a spot which, for the moment, is era fairly well under control. —-V r if*ii rosier-niu company Opens Beach Ollict The Foster-Hill Realty compr rectently appointed Wrights^* Beach agents for the Federal P> lie Housing Authority, yesterca: announced the establishment c. office at 96 Lumina avenue, out beach, for the handling of be<o rentals, sales and insurance. The war-born housing shortage 3 the Wilmington area, and the* for improved low-priced ho®-* is enormous, it was stated, >, the National Housing Agency >■; the Federal Public Housing*; thority have provided a lution by the conversion “ obsolete houses into comfo--v apartmen's for imlitarv PcJl; . and war workers at a 1)0. rcntsl The organization was inco:|?l ted in 19.32 by William M. ^ Edward B. Ward and IVoodu.^ lum. Prior to then, the was owned and operated * a quarter of a century by ■ D. R. Foster. -v_—' « The dragonfly folds C\ spine-fringed legs together to a net when in flight_-• Airplane Cut May Reduce I War Bill By 31-2 Billior\ r, UXVJCijCiH WASHINGTON, May 26.— (A>) — The Army’s 17,000-plane cutback in aircraft, largest single armament slash since V-E Day, may reduce the nation’s war bill by $3,500, 000,000 and release 450.000 war workers by the year-end, highly placed officials said today. In addition they predicted that it will put industry “over the hump” in supplies of aluminum and small electric motors for new civilian goods. The motors, of which each heavy bomber requires more than 200, had been the most-feared bottleneck in resumed production of refrigerators, washing machines and other consumer products. Those war production board of ficials directly connected with re conversion were highly elated. They were pleased, too, with the prospective release of a quantity of steel which, though relatively small, will be mostly of the per sistently scarce alloy type. The manpower effect of the air duction center to anoth • j of them had definite W the final impact. stop? Strategically, said -he < ^ ily anonymous pmdnc f al]C::::; the cut in planned proa^e, super bombers lcfic nificant developments. , First the unexpected!)_-£, i formance and low I°Ss B-29 Superfortresses ',.terl> cording to Tokyo , mes* scorched to the S!'oll! . nireri' of the Japanese gover yesterday's prc-da\u ■ ent t Second, the ad'^e.,Ja: American base> so that the use of smal may be feasible. . r0rc;-! , Third, an Army A-r ,w pro^ cision to rely mainly °r0Ugh B-29 and build on!) ,_,ed j almost-secret consolida* keep the plane m c the to train crews, a^ams^ ^ sibility that they maJ later in larger quam !