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The Wilmington morning star. [volume] (Wilmington, N.C.) 1909-1990, May 27, 1945, FINAL EDITION, Image 6

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The Sunday Star-News
Published Every Sunday
By The Wilmington Star-New*
R. B. ‘Page, Publisher_
Entered as Second Class Matter at Wilming
ton, N. C„ Postoffice Under Act of Congress
Of March 3. 1879
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AND ALSO SERVED BY THE UNITED PRESS
With confidence in our armed forces—with
the nnboundlng determination of onr people—
we will gain Hie inevitable triumph—so help
os God.
Roosevelt’s War Message
SUNDAY, MAY 27, 1945. ~
TOP O’ THE MORNING
“The way back to headquarters leads
over an engineer’s bridge . . . Would hte
bridge still be there and could we return
over it. The chaplain glances aft his driv
er’s face. His face is white with the white
ness that oomes only to one who knows
what he has to fear. And now the bridge
is just ahead—and now the car speeds over
it! Safe! No one speaks for several
minutes. Finally the driver turns to the
chaplain. Yes. He is still with us!”—From
“And God Was There,” by Eben Brink.
\7
Money For Plants
The campaign which has recently been in
progress- to put Wilmington capital at work
for expansion of the city’s industrial resources
took definite form on Friday with the organ
ization of a $500,000 corporation. The purpose
is to employ this fund in erecting plants for
industries which seek to locate here but can
find no suitable building. Several firms are
said to be already in this category.
With money available for plant construction
it is reasonable to assume that they will be
in production as soon as materials are avail
able and the needed buildings can be erected.
While this capital will not be directly in
volved in industrial output, it certainly will
play an important part in Wilmington’s de
veloping industry and so add to the city’s
poswar prosperity.
It is exlained no privileges will be extended
to new firms not enjoyed by industries now
here and that beyond receiving financial aid
for construction their operation will be under
complete jurisdiction of the management. This
is essential for the protection and encourage
ment of existing industries which have built
up their own business at their own expense
and by their own efforts.
This initial step in improving the city’* in
dustrial outlook promises much for Wilming
ton’s future. .
-V
Longest Pipeline
With completion of the last 400-mile lap by
American engineers, oil and gasoline is now
running into China from Calcutta through the
longest pipeline in the world. For security
reasons neihtre the total mileage nor the
China terminus is revealed. But it is an
nounced that more precious fuel is flowing
through the line than could be trucked in over
the Stilwell road or flown in by plane.
Soldiers from Texas, Louisiana and Okla
homa who know about pipeline construction
because of their work at home were used by
engineers, with the result that the job was
finished with dispatch and seemingly impas
sable obstacles were oversome. They con
quered mountain passes 9,000 feet high and
•treated through Burma’s jungles. One un
usual feature Is that the line is portable.
What this service will mean in the final
campaign against Japan on Asia’s mainland
is obvious. Allied mechanized equipment and
air forces will have an adequate supply of
both oil and fuel. With the Borneo oil fields
conquered and supplying Alliel forces, the
domestric petroleum siuation also will be
greatly improved.
-V
War Criminal Indictments
The ' United States has ploposed that war
criminals be tried before an international mili
tary court. Some of the United Nations op
pose this plan. The British, for example,
favor an agreement to punish German war
criminals through treaty decisions of the Unit
ed Nations concerned.
fhe result is that trials for the men who are
chiefly responsible for throwing the world
into war and for the atrocities that have shock
ed civilization as nothing else has ever done
are delayed. When they will start is any
body’s guess, but one American optimist in
high position thinks an agreement will be
• reached at least without the proverbial law’s
delays.
■The trials, however, cannot be started, as
a Unitel Press dispatch from Washington ex
plains, until the Allies have agreed on a mili
tribunal of some other body to punist
flke major criminals and the governments o:
liberated nations have appointed prosecutor:
and prepared the United Nations cases agains
them.
Meanwhile 2,000 indictments have been re
turned by the War Crimes Commission agains
eneniei ncCM£*d of atrocities. They are thi
first of tens of thousands to be returned, include
ing some 27,000 by Poland and Czechoslovakia
alone. It is thought the indictments in Europe
alone may total 100,000. What they will num
ber in Japan is not easily foreseen. But it is
evident that all cannot be punished and the
world settle down to strictly peacetime pur
suits for years.
<rr
Uniform Divorce Laws
Within the preserft decade the Supreme
Court of the United States ruled that citizens
of one state may establish legal residence in
another for the purpose of securing a divorce.
Now the same court upholds the North Caro
lina Supreme Court in its decision that a six
week residence in Nevada does not constitute
legal domicile and that a divorce obtained un
der the Nevada law cannot be recognized in
this state.
The decision, which constitutes a reversal of
the United States Supreme Court’s earlier rul
ing, revolves around a Nevada divorce granted
a North Carolina couple who went to Las
Vegas, where they lived in a trailer camp
for six weeks and were separated from their
former spouses by a Nevada court. Return
ing to North Carolina after being married in
Nevada they were convicted of bigamy.
The case and its disposition by the top
tribunal of the nation brings into question the
legal standing of persons divorced in one state
and living in another after marriage. Partic
ularly does it cast doubt upon the legitimacy
of children born of the second marriage.
In a dissenting opinion, Associate Justice
Hugo Black asserts the majority decision of
the United States Supreme Court casts a
“cloud over the lives of countless numbers of
the multitude of divorced persons’’ in the
country. And, as above indicated, a cloud
over* their oifspring.
The only way to remove the cloud would
seem to be uniform divorce laws in all states.
It is conceivable that this would involve a
constitutional amendment. Perhaps it is be
yond the jurisdiction, or even the inclination,
of Congress. If it must be submitted to popu
lar vote in the states, the sooner provision is
made for it the better will it be for the entire
population. ■*
-V
Why We Fight
The United States ambassador, Spruille
Braden, has arrived in Buenos Aires. He was
no more than settled niin the Argentine capital
than he granted foreign correspondents a con
ference. During the interview he took pains
to explain that the United States recognized
the government of General Farrell through
necessity only and not from choice. The Unit
ed States, he declared, has no sympathy with
the regime that rose from revolution and rules
without consent of the people.
A reported asked what he thought of rumo-s
that this nation and Great Britain were pleased
to deal wi^h Farrell, on the grounds that they
could obtain more from a dictator regime than
from a democracy, Mr. Braden replied: “The
rumor is absolutely false. We are fighting
for democracy throughout the world, and when
we say we are fighting for democracy we mean
exactly what we say. We would like to see
democratic governments established every
where.”
Mr. Braden ran off the track when he voiced
this opinion. We are not fighting for de
macracy throughout the world. Neither
would we like to see democracy established
everywhere. We are fighting for our de
.mocracy, and for the survival of democracy
in all lands where it is the choice of people.
This is very different from fighting for de
mocracy or insisting that any nation adopt
democracy that does not want it for itself.
Fundamentally we are fighting for self de
termination, by which exploited peoples may
attain the right to rult themselves.
-V
Recovered Treasure
Hermann Goering’s art collection is being
displayed at Berchtesgaden to such GI’s in
the vicinity as care to see it. It is marked
“private,” and the value is estimated at $200,
000,000.
Goering is the man who claims never to have
done anything wrong in all his life. Maybe,
in his code, thievery is not wrong. Yet every
piece in the collection was looted from Eu
rope’s museums. It consists chiefly of tapes
tries and rugs, and gold and silver art objects,
to which he could establish no right of owner
ship in any court of law.
Perhaps he merely took it into "protective
custody.”
In Norway, authorities are cataloguing items
in a collection of stolen art treasures found in
a house formerly occupied by Vidkun Quis
ling. Its dollar value has been announced, but
it must be tremendous as the collection con
tains paintings, among others, by Rembrandt
and Reubens. Maybe Quisling too was merely
storing them for safety, until they could be
returned to their proper galleries without fear
of destruction by the barbarian Western Allies.
It must be a source of deep gratification to
all persons who prize culture that so much of
the world’s treasure stolen by the Nazis is
being recovered. At the same time it is a
matter of deep cdhcern that Hitler and his
robbers probably hid many masterpieces of
art and literature too successfully for them
ever to be recovered.
-V
We cannot support the thesis that because
German leaders acted illegally, therefore they
should be treated illegally.—President Robert
■ M. Hutchins, University of Chicago.
• • *
It is fine to have an ATC bas£ on the
: Jap doorstep, but it will be much better when
we fly right in through the doorway. That we
. will do.
. —Birig. Gen Thomas Mardin, commanding
general of Air Transport Command’s Central
: Pacific Wing.
CAROLINA I
FROM THE
CAPITAL
By DAVID BRINKLEY
-Star-News Washington Bureau-—
WASHINGTON, May 26.—The arrangements
are not complete, but it’s certain now that
President Truman wiU put in an appearance
in North Carolina, probably in Statesville,
some time in October. Ostensibly, he’s to
speak to the State Senate, but since the Legis
lature can assembly officially only when con
voked by the Governor, the Statesville affair
will be more of a social get-together than any
thing else.
North Carolinas Representative Robert
Doughton extended the invitation in a special
trip to the White House, and his was the first,
such bid the President has accepted.
Neither he nor his new press secretary,
Charles G. Ross, has offered any idea of what
he plans to talk about while in North Carolina.
STILL ON CALENDAR
That airport development bill, which in
cludes appropriations for Wilmington, White
ville, Carolina Beach, Southport, and other
North Carolina cities and towns, is still on
the Senate calendar awaiting action. It was
put back there after its introduction on the
floor because its sponsor,Nevada’s Senator
McCarran, was out of town.
orrusis DILL
Most of the state’s Congressional delegation,
notably Senator Clyde R. Hoey, are opposed
to the bill to establish a permanent Fair Em
ployment Practices committee. It would fine
employers who refuse to hire job applicants
because of race, creed or color. Though many
have tried to charge the southerners’ oppo
sition is besed on race prejudice, Hoey says
he opposes the bill only because he doubts it.
will encourage full employment and because
he’s opposed to forcing any employer to hire
any employe he doesn’t want.
RIDICULOUS
A retail industry having stores from coast
to coast has distributed a booklet telling its
selespeople “how to deal with returned ser
vicemen.” It goes to great lengths to point
out that veterans are in need of special treat
ment because of their “unsettled state of
mind” and because they must be helped in
“rehabilitating” themselves, whatever that
means. Ridiculous as that is, its typical of a
widespread and growing misconception which
government agencies concerned with veterans
are trying to head off. A great many people
have developed the idea that servicemen back
from battle are all psychiatric cases, must
be handled with speial care and treatment
like mental incompetents. Officials point out
that to foster such an idea is to underestimate
the stuff of which Americans are made. Most
men returning from the services are too happy
at being civilians again to worry about psy
choses and neuroses, and the only special
help they need or want is in finding a job
at which they can earn the decent, peaceful
living for which they have fought.
MINOR MEMOS
More than 100 transport planes have been
allotted to the nation’s airlines, which may
force government action on long-pending ap
plications for extension of air service to cities
not now served . . . employes of the Office
of War Information, probably with good cause,
fear their agency may collapse under them
at any time . . . our propaganda broadcasts
to Japan now are aimed at dividing the en
emy’s army and navy . . . some government
officials want to change German’s name . . .
The outlook for new shoes is not good. The
reasons are as many and as complicated as
those behind the meat shortage, but botfi
manufacturers and rationing bosses agree that
old shoes should be repaired wherever possi
ble . . . Some of the lesser lights among radio
news commentators will soon be leaving the
air . . . The ninth War Loan is expected to be
the last . . . The “Thawing” of frozen foreign
assets will be a bigger job than freezing them,
since the Treasury doesn’t want any funds
recovered by war criminals . . . When the first
shipment of Scotch whiskey reached a South
African port this week after years of drought,
it was greeted by a brass band ... A 21-year
old veteran who lost both legs at Salerno was
fitted with artificial limbs at Walter Reid
hospital this week. The next night he showed
up at a dance—and danced . . . Some of the
loudest rejoicing at the President’s firing of
Attorney General Francis Biddle was in his
home-town newspaper, the Philadelphia In
quirer.
tr
Editorial Comment
TRUMAN MAKES GOOD CHOICES
President Truman in accepting the resigna
tions of Attorney General Francis Biddle, La
bor Secretary Frances Perkins, and Secretary
of Agriculture Claude Wickard, and replacing
them with nominees of his own ,has effected a
Cabinet shuffle of major proportions.
In selecting nominees for the Cabinet posts
Mr. Truman seems to have found men who
are. particularly well fitted for the tasks they
are to perform, although their names are not
as familiar to the American public in general
as some of those who had been suggested for
the posts in previous press speculation.
Judge Lewis B* Schwellenbach, named for
the Labor portfolio, has established an excel
lent record as a liberal and friend of labor in
his career as Senator and Federal judge,
Tom Clark, nominee for Attorney General,
has served as Assistant Attorney General un
der Mr. Biddle and is known as an exceptional
ly able and courageous lawyer and public of
ficial.
Representative Clinton B. Anderson, of New
Mexico, slated to succeed Mr. Wickard as
head of the Department of Apriculture and
also take over the duties of Marvin Jones as
Food Administrator after June 30, is head of
the House Food Committee which has engaged
in a thoroughgoing study of national food pro
duction and distribution, makin several im
portant recommendations looking to the im
provement and streamlining of this program.
These men will bring new blood, ideas and
energies into the Cabinet, but their selection
does not appear to signify any basic changes
in Administration policies. — Winston-Salem
JoumaL
MEASURE OF EVERYTHING
It used to be said that money was the meas
ure of everything. Now it’s the ration coupon
that is the yardstick of the nation. People are
rich if they have red points and poor as Job’s
proverbial turkey i fthey haven’t.—Washing
ton Evening. Star.
GENIUSES
Chateaubriand said: “The most disastrous
times have produced the greatest minds.” We
ought to be just about overrun with geniuses,
then; but are we?—Washington Evening Star.
, *
- ~ ■ - ' ,
“ JUST LIKE ANY OTHER CORNERED RAT |
WASHINGTON CALLING 1
V i
by
MARQUIS CHILDS j
vr rxkJAiAi't vj x .—n is naiu, iui
an American to understand the
blood feuds of central Eurpoe.
While we have our own racial
tensions within our country, they
are not fed by the memory of
centuries of conflict, war and pil
lage and conquest unending.
That is the framework of the
present Polish dispute, it seems to
me. To ignore the bloodstained
background, to overlook the long
history of horrors and hatreds, is
to. get a wrong perspective on
what is not so much a poltical
issue as it is another outbreak of
the hatred between Russian and
Pole that has flared up so often
in the past. We can see now at
this moment how it grows and
feeds on itself. It is nistructive
to take 6 single example—the Pole
whom Stalin personally denounced
in his outburst of a week ago.
This is General Leopold Oku
licki, one of the 16 arrested at
Moscow’s orders. When I wrote
about General Okulicki some time
ago, I said there was a suspicion
he had collaborated with our com.
mon enemy, the Nazis. That was
an injustice to General Okulicki,
and I am sorry for" it.
His record in this war is re
markably revealing. As a full
colonel, he took part in the Polish
German campaign of 1939, when
the Nazi Blitzkrieg overwhelmed
in a few weeks Poland’s pitiful,
romantic 19th century army. Not
wanting to be taken by the Ger
mans, eGneral Okulicki gave him
self up to the Russians in Lwow
in the fall of 1939.
He was put in a GPU prison in
Moscow. Anyone who has read
Arthur Koestler’s extraordinary
“Darkness at Noon” will kn/w
what this meant. It appears that
the Russins wanted Okulicki to
head up Polish units within the
Red army. He refused, and his
refusal did not make his position
any easier.
Kereasea irom prison in ine
summer of 1941 as a result of an
agreement reached between the
Soviet, ambassador in London and
the Polish exile government, Oku
licki went to work at once on the
organization of the Polish army
in Russia, although he was in very
poor physical condition. At that
time he became chief of staff to
General Anders.
The following year the.JPolish
forces were evacuated from Rus
sia and Okulicki went with Anders
to Italy, where the second Polish
army corps played an important
part in the long, costly battle up
the Italian peninsula. Still a col
onel, Okulicki was Anders’ right
hrnd man during most of the Ital
ian campaign.
Then although he was 50 years
old, he went through regular para
troop training, and in the summer
of 1944 he was dropped from an
Allied plane into German-occupied
Poland. At the side of General
Bor, he took part in the Warsaw
uprising. When Bor was arrested
by the Germans, he was made
chief of the Polish underground
army, with the rank of general.
On August 29, 1944 that army was
officially recognized by Britain and
the United States as a full-fledged
combatant force.
As the Poles see it, the Russian
failure to come to the aid of this
force amounted to betrayal. After
a lon^-and terrible siege in War
saw, they were left to the mercy
of the Germans.
All the time, of course, the Ger
mans were exploiting these differ
ences to the fullest extent in prop,
aganda beamed to the Poles. With
diabolical persistence and in
gcuuiijr, me y nave aaiiiicu me
flames of these blood hatreds
wherever they found them in Eu
rope, as part of a calculated
policy. Mere liberation has not
overcome the consequences of
this sinister business.
The story of Geenral Okulicki
could be repeated many, many
times over, both out of contem
porary history and out of the
Czarist past. Nor are the cruelty
and injustice all on one side by
any means. These are the bloody
threads that make up the tapestry
of reprisal and revenge.
Certainly we Americans cannot
unweave this tangled tapestry of
hate. We cannot make it come
right. Even if we had physical
power in that area, even if we
were to go in, which is unthink
able, as conquerors, we could not
undo the work of centuries.
What we can do, in my opinioi^
is to stand firm for what we be
lieve to be right. We can work
as mediator and friend, trying not
to become involved in the quarrel
as a partisan.
Above all, we must have pati
ence. We must realize how deep
are the roots of this feud. We must
understand that it has little to do,
really, with contemporary politi
cal forms and that its cure will
not come overnight.
Some of our politicians would
ignore the historical perspective.
They would make us a party to
this ancient quarrel. Down that
path lies certain disaster.
(Copyright 1945, by United Fea
ture Syndicate, Inc.)
_v_:_
ATC Planning Atlantic
Hop Every Six Minutes
WASHINGTON. May 26. — (JPj —
The Army’s Air Transport Com
mand expects to have one flight
over the Atlantic every six min
utes when the air ferrying of troops
from Europe to the United States
reaches its peak.
The ATC disclosed this today
and also reported that the flight
of tactical planes, such as bom
bers, from Europe will be stepped
up to between 100 and 125 daily.
The tactical planes are being
flown over the north and south At
lantic by the crews that manned
them in combat.
The ATC hopes to return 50,000
soldiers a month by air when re
deployment hits full stride. These
men, some of whom already have
made the crossing, possess special
skills or are coming back for dis
charge from the Army.
-V
Extension Of Price
Control Considered
WASHINGTON, May 26. —(IP)—
A three months extension of the
price control act without change to
allow further study proposed
amendments is reported under
consideration by congressional lea
ders.
It was learned today that, this
possibility was discussed by a Se
nate Banking Subcommittee, handl
ing OPA extension legislation, and
will be brought before a closed
meeting of the full committee
Tuesday.
Increasing the pressure for such
a step is the growing prospect that
controversies over amendments
cannot be fought out and an exten
sion measure enacted by June 30,
expiration date of the law.
RANKIN PLANNING
DRIVE FOR BONUS
WASHINGTON, May 26.— UP) —
Chairman Rankin (D.-Miss.) of the
House veterans committee sought
White House blessing today for an
all-out drive for a bonus for serv
ice men.
Rankin, co-author of the G. I.
bill of rights and of legislation
that raised the monthly pay of
enlisted men from $21 to $50 a
month, wants Congress to vote a
$1,040 bonus to every service
man and woman who has been in
uniform at least 90 days and hasn’t
been dishonorably discharged.
“The time to give it to them is
now, while many are being de
mobilized,” he said in an interview
during which he disclosed that he
has sought the views of President
Truman on the whole subject.
The Mississippian said he was
enclosing, in a letter to the Presi
dent, a copy of a bill he introduced
on May 2 and which he wants en
acted into law “without too much
delay.”
“I haye asked the President to
state his views on the bill and on
the subject generally,” h.e added.
Just how soon he will ask the
veterans committee to begin con
sideration of the legislation will
depend. Rankin said, on how soon
the President communicates his
views.
But the White-maned southerner
made it plain that he does not in
tend to Wait until the Ways and
Means Committee starts consid
ering another bonus bill Calling for
a maximum payment of $5,000 to
overseas veterans and $4,000 to
home-service men.
-V
More Food Stamps To
Become Valid June 1
WASHINGTON, May 26. — I/P) —
Five fnore red stamps for meats
and fats and five blue for process
ed foods will become valid June 1,
OPA announced today.
The red coupons are V2 through
Z2; the blue D through HI. Both
series, in ration book four, will be
good through September 30.
OPA also reminded that these
other stamps will not be good after
June 2:
Red—Y5, Z5 and A2 through D2;
blue—H2 through M2; and sugar
coupon No. 35.
----
Interpreting
, TheJWar
BY J. M. ROBERTS, jr
The French, who have
Italy, whose American -
armies broke almost entirel PN
from supreme allied control
the last days of the w,tduril'l
have a big row on their ha'?1*
the Middle East, have add?15
other embarrassment to th, 8,1
opment of Allied policy J
Europe. ' • u
Luckily, the demand .
France s foreign affairs '•
tee for Allied intervention in??
ish politics is not likely to P“!1'
the point where Britain and A?
ica would have to givo jt ,
consideration. Issued in a
of pique at Spain's failure to?"1
over Pierre Laval immediately?
probably will amount to no I
than an expression of opinion'?
it leads to wonderment whether?
French, recently liberated at A
cost of thousands of Amerir,„ ,
British lives, are giving
thought to the unilateral road?
seem to be traveling. ,(J
Delicate Problem
Spain presents one of the mm
delicate and complicated prble
in postwar Europe, and ultima)?*
something will have to be done b!
there are good reasons for not not’
ing a stick into this hornets ? !
right now. It already is too J
an eruption which might re-alb
leftists and rightists in Europe?
it did ten years ago.
Just as Spain was the
for World War II. so she now cor
tains a sample of all the elements
of chaos in Europe.
Franco’s Falange has fosterfd
the communist line that all Spa%
ish republicans are communists?
order to keep Franco, who has
wavered at times, believing that
the Falange must be maintained
to fight communism. The Falanfe
has sponsored acts of violence and
attributed them to the communists
to enhance the color of this »'cture.
The republican group — coippot.
ed of the socialists, republicans
and Spain’s two greatest labor
unions—are fighting both commim.
ists and Falangists.
The general public is reported
as an aiu ui communism as 0! the
fascist Falange.
The fiery Catalonians, led by the
minority but extremely active syn
dicalists, and the more conserv..
tive Basques are fighting for «|.
tonomous states.
Franco has been urged by the
army, the clergy and the Spanish
upper classes to abandon the Fai
ange and organize a pure military
dictatorship, with or without res
toration of the monarchy, which
Prince Juan and the royalists are
demanding.
Here is a spot, then, where Fas
cism, communism, a so-called lib
eral-republicanism and pure class
selfishness are rubbing each other
raw. The French, with an am?
just about large enough to police
the portion of Germany they are
insisting on occupying, may thiri
lit all right to become involved
right now. It is certainly no place
for anyone who already has a lot
of fish which are going to spoil ii
not fried immediately, nor for ary
one who doesn’t want a comma
ist regime or a civil war in a spot
which, for the moment, is era
fairly well under control.
—-V
r if*ii
rosier-niu company
Opens Beach Ollict
The Foster-Hill Realty compr
rectently appointed Wrights^*
Beach agents for the Federal P>
lie Housing Authority, yesterca:
announced the establishment c.
office at 96 Lumina avenue, out
beach, for the handling of be<o
rentals, sales and insurance.
The war-born housing shortage 3
the Wilmington area, and the*
for improved low-priced ho®-*
is enormous, it was stated, >,
the National Housing Agency >■;
the Federal Public Housing*;
thority have provided a
lution by the conversion “
obsolete houses into comfo--v
apartmen's for imlitarv PcJl; .
and war workers at a 1)0.
rcntsl
The organization was inco:|?l
ted in 19.32 by William M. ^
Edward B. Ward and IVoodu.^
lum. Prior to then, the
was owned and operated *
a quarter of a century by ■
D. R. Foster.
-v_—' «
The dragonfly folds C\
spine-fringed legs together to
a net when in flight_-•
Airplane Cut May Reduce I
War Bill By 31-2 Billior\
r, UXVJCijCiH
WASHINGTON, May 26.— (A>) —
The Army’s 17,000-plane cutback in
aircraft, largest single armament
slash since V-E Day, may reduce
the nation’s war bill by $3,500,
000,000 and release 450.000 war
workers by the year-end, highly
placed officials said today.
In addition they predicted that it
will put industry “over the hump”
in supplies of aluminum and small
electric motors for new civilian
goods. The motors, of which each
heavy bomber requires more than
200, had been the most-feared
bottleneck in resumed production
of refrigerators, washing machines
and other consumer products.
Those war production board of
ficials directly connected with re
conversion were highly elated.
They were pleased, too, with the
prospective release of a quantity
of steel which, though relatively
small, will be mostly of the per
sistently scarce alloy type.
The manpower effect of the air
duction center to anoth • j
of them had definite W
the final impact. stop?
Strategically, said -he < ^
ily anonymous pmdnc f al]C::::;
the cut in planned proa^e,
super bombers lcfic
nificant developments. ,
First the unexpected!)_-£, i
formance and low I°Ss
B-29 Superfortresses ',.terl>
cording to Tokyo , mes*
scorched to the S!'oll! . nireri'
of the Japanese gover
yesterday's prc-da\u ■ ent t
Second, the ad'^e.,Ja:
American base> so
that the use of smal
may be feasible. . r0rc;-! ,
Third, an Army A-r ,w pro^
cision to rely mainly °r0Ugh
B-29 and build on!) ,_,ed j
almost-secret consolida*
keep the plane m c the
to train crews, a^ams^ ^
sibility that they maJ
later in larger quam !

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