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The Wilmington morning star. [volume] (Wilmington, N.C.) 1909-1990, May 28, 1945, Image 8

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RALEIGH, May 27.—Wl—unpre
cedented demands for dairy prod
ucts both from Government _ and
civilian sources have placed a ‘ ter
rific burden” on the American
dairy industry, Agriculture Com
missioner Kerr Scott said today.
In connection with the ninth an
nual observance of Dairy Month
beginning June 1, Scott said, “
is time for a full understanding
of the terrific problems faced by
the dairy industry if it is to de
liver its war orders in full ana
carry on in its-future service to
the nation.’
Scott said {he Number One prob
lem of the industry is manpower
on farms and in dairy plants. One
man of every six normally in the
dairy business is missing, he saia,
and demands for greater produc
tion of milk, butter, cheese, ice
cream, and other products is
“We are now in the middle of the
greatest year, from a production
standpoint, in history,” he said,
“and we are faced with what might
be called a labor famine.”
“Government buying of dairy
products has skyrocketed to take
more than seven times the amount
of the food dollar spent for simi
lar products in World War I.
Scott said, adding the government
spends 15.6 cents of every food
dollar for dairy products whereas
only two cents were so spent in
World War I.
Scott emphasized the importance
of dairy products in the diet of
fighting men. In 1943, he said, gov
ernment dairy products purchases
amounted to 12.6 per cent of the
total production. In 1944, he said,
the percentage probably was great
er. “For the past four war years
We have been producing milk at
the rate of 6.5 billion quarts a year
more than we produced in the years
1935-1939. And still we cant keep
up with the demands,’ he said.
Governor Proclaims
Dairy Month In June
RALEIGH, May 27.-WP)—Gover
' nor Cherry by official proclama
tion has designated the month of
June as Dairy . Month throughout
North Carolina and requested the
citizens of the state to join . in
recognizing the effects of the dairy
industry and its products as being
vital to victory. f .
Governor Cherry said that dairy
products are essential to the main
tenance of human health and effi
ciency, and the entire dairy indus
try, he said, are exerting every
possible means of producing the
maximum amounts o£ these prod
ucts under tremendous handicaps
of manpower, equipment and re
pair parts shortages.
“There is great need,’ Cherry
said, “of better understanding of
the importance and the use of these
products to the end that maximum
food values may be obtained from
such supplies as are available.”
“D * L U G I N ’ S
are TOPS
f The Jewel Sox GIFT SHOP
t^MVilmington’s Only Downstair* Store
Kgj Headquarter* For
B Come In and Make Tour
*gf Selections!
B Located Downstairs
§j| 109 North Front St
■ I
On account of observing a legal
holiday, our freight in Wilming
ton will be closed Wednesday,
May 30, 1945.
Agent Seaboard Air Line
General Agent
Atlantic Coast Line Railroad Co.
I Bring Your Car Or Truck Up-To-Date
With A
Installed by Factory Trained Mechanics In a Dodge Approved
Service Shop.
To Increase Your Gas Mileage
To Increase Your Tire Mileage
Wm __ <
SI 216 N. Second Street Dial 7554 or 6212 H
Exceptional Alfalfa Yield ]
A yield of one and one-quarter tons of alfalfa hay per acre was
obtained at the first cutting this spring from the above field sown
last August 20 on the Long Creek Farm of Lieut. Richard J. Rey
nolds in Surry County. Lespedeza and red clover were turned under
in 1943 and last summer a crop of soybeans was plowed under, after
which 2 tons of lime per acre were applied. The field also received
5 tons of chicken manure, 800 pounds of 2-12-6 fertilizer, and 30 pounds
of borax per acre. The crop was seeded on August 20 and made good
growth before cold weather, according to Supt. P. J. Brown. The
alfalfa was photographed by Dermid Maclean of Winston-Salem, who
is making a series of mobun pictures which have been presented to
the State College Extension Service by Lieut. Reynolds, now fighting
in the South Pacific. _
Carolina Farm Comment
-;- --*
The rural neighborhood is t h e
smallest unit of our social organi
zation. Right now, however, it
looms large in the consideration
of the Agricultural Extension Serv
ice because the neighborhood may
be used to bring into existence the
best in rural living. The neighbor
hood is less than a community or
the township. It is simply that
small group of people who have
their homes around some central
thing. This central focus might be
a country store, a country school,
a country filling station, a small
church, or a plantation center# It
has been found that when com
munity meetings were held in the
past there were too many people
present who were not well acquaint
ed with each other. So an effort
was made to find the limits of the
rural area in which neighbors
could work well together. From
the central focal point, farm
homes were visited, and, when the
people of these homes began to
go in the other direction then the
boundaries of the neighborhood be
gan to be established. Going down
the roads or highways in every di
rection from a central place, it
was easy to map a local neighbor
hood. Such neighborhoods have
been outlined all over North Caro
in most counties, a spienaia or
ganization of neighborhood leaders
has been perfected. These ar e
men and women who have been
selected by their neighbors to car.
ry on the educational work affect
ing the local people. Through their
county home and farm agents they
get educational material pertain
ing to important farm movements,
and pass this on to the people of
the neighborhood. In return the
people tell their leaders of their
needs and this is sent back up
the line until it reaches the agri
cultural authorities of the state and
nation. It’s a very good arrange
ment and it works.
It works especially well in Bla
den County where Mrs. Lillie L.
Hester has been home agent for
so many years that she could well
be called a veteran. She and the
farm agent, R. B. Harper, are do
ing excellent work- in that county.
Mrs. Hester says that one reason
why the work in the rural home
has been so outstanding is because
she has the aid of the women neigh
borhood leaders in addition to the
fine leadership supplied by h e r
home demonstration clubs. She al
so has an able assistant, Jean Cra
ven, daughter of a former farm
agent and one of the pioneers in
extension. Mrs. Hester says that
the neighborhood leaders cut
across the home demonstration
clubs and reach people both in
and out of the clubs. They attend
to the affairs of their little, local
groups and try to carry to them
all the good things that they know
For instance, out on BJadenboro,
Route 2, is Mrs. Luther Bryan who
lives in a small community of 30
families. There is no home demon
stration club out there; but last
year, Mrs. Bryan made four dif
ferent visits to all the families to
ackuane them with some of the
work which needed their attention.
This had to do with food produc
tion, fat salvage, gardens, and oth
er matters of similar importance.
Mrs. Bryan found time to do this
although there are two small chil
dren in the family and she natural
ly helps her husband in handling
the 20 acres of cultivated land. She
has taught the use of the pressure
canner in the neighborhood, in ad
dition to canning 360 quarts for
feeding her own family. The Bry
ans live in a modest, brick home,
with a well-sodded grass lawn
beautified with shrubs. To one
side is the garden, and flowerbeds
and to the rear are the poultry
yards and the service area, includ
ing the barns and outhouses.
Over in another neighborhood, a
few miles away on the same rural
route, are the June Singletarys!
man and wife, both neighborhood
leaders, and outstanding in their
contributions to the section. They
also have two children, older than
those of the Bryan’s. They culti
vate 120 acres of land, grow some
800 to 1,000 Hampshire Red chick
ens, own seven brood sows, plant
grain and tobacco, and produce
corn on 50 acres for feed. The
Singletarys have a beautiful old
country home surrounded by box
woods which look as if they were set
shortly after North Carolina was
first settled. To one side is a lovely
lake surrounded by giant oaks from
which hang the long tendrils of
Spanish moss. These two people
are noted for their neighborhood
efforts with better varieties of
crops, poultry growing, gardening,
canning, and rural electrification.
The same is true of Mrs. T. A.
Butler of near Bladenboro and
Mrs. Warren Gooden of Clarkton.
Mrs. Gooden has done remarkable
work in teaching better gardening
and canning. Last year, she per
sonally canned over 700 quarts of
food for winter, including 40 quarts
of fresh meat. She sells between
1,000 and 1,200 broilers each year
and gives away plants and cut
tings of all kinds. Mrs. Hobson San
derlin of Council is another of the
noted and charming Bladen lead
ers. There are four neighborhoods
in the Carvers Creek Community,
each with four leaders, and these
have united into an organization
of which Mrs. Sanderlin is secre
tary and C. L. Eraddy is president.
The people meet together at the
nearby grammar school for can
ning lessons, for demonstrations in
renovating old furniture, for study
ing shrubs and flowers, for gar
den work, and for holding suppers
or engaging in any other activity
which seeks to promote the wel
fare of the community. Mrs. San
derlin wrote an Easter pageant
calling for a cast of some 100 peo
ple and this has been so popular
that it has been presented now for
six years. Even the Negro people
of the community help with the
pageant by supplying a well-train
ed choir of 50 voices. There is no
one building in the community
large enough to hold the crowd
and only the first comers can find
seats. Mrs. Fatima Andrews is an
other leader living in the Kelly
neighborhood, and lias been very
effective in teaching her people
how to can fish and fruit for win
ter food.
The whole idea moves along ov
er the county in wonderful har
mony. Mrs. Hester says, "I
wouldn’t even try to be home
agent in this large county were it
not for these splendid women who
help me every day. They make
the iob easy.”
jlivnu niLiu^ UlCiS
LONDON, May 27.— UR —Lord
Hylton, 82, former chief whip ip
the Unionist party in the House
of Lords, died at his estate at Am
merdown Park near Dadstock,
Someset, last night. An only son,
Lt. Col. W. G. H. Joliffe, is suc
cessor to the title. Lord Hylton
had been ill for a year.
CEBU, P. 'I.—UP)—About a doz- .
si men of the American division :
mopping up Japanese in the moun
:ains of Cebu, became separated
from their company and got trap
ped in a Japanese bivouac area.
For a day and a night, they tried
to get out. They couldn’t make it.
They tried in groups of two and
three. Or, as in the case of Lieuten
ant Thomas O. Smith, Jackson,
renn., they tried singly but ac
cidentally. Smith was trying to re
establish contact with ttie com
pany when he walked right into
a group of Nipponese.
“I thought I saw one of our of
ficers,” Smith said. “When I
pilled at him the answer was a
lell of a * barrage of mortars.”
Luckily Smith wasn’t hit but so
much happened alter that he’s not
too sure of the sequence.
He' came face to face with a
Japanese coming out of a house
and shot him. He walked into
a giachinegun nest and bejt a
aasty retreat before the startled
Japanese could fire. He ran past
another Nipponese, this one an of
ficer, and killed him.
He climbed to the top of a knoll
and walked right into a cluster of
eight more Japanese. Smith fired
a full clip of ammunition, then
hit for the bushes and lay there un
til the situation, “clarified itself.”
Three other Yanks were having
their troubles. Lieutenant John
W. Cowee, Sheboygen, Wis., and
Privates First Class Robert M.
Schlemmeer, 5327 Lemon Grove
avenue, Hollywood, Calif., and
David M. Farrell, Pittsboro, N. C„
stayed with a critically wounded
man when the rest of the trapped
Amfericans tried to disperse in the
face of heavy enemy fire.
But within a half hour, the
wounded man died and the three
others moved out to try to find
their buddies. They found a trail—
and so many Japanese they
couldn’t risk fighting it out with
them. So they lay in the bushes
all day with Japanese almost with
in arm’s reach. That evening
American artillery got the range.
“The screaming was terrible,”
Schlemmer said. “Then the bar
rage lifted and we heard a lot of
pistol shots. There wasn’t any
screaming after that. We think the
Nips were shooting their wound
Sergeant uene tirty, law
Plumas street, Reno, Nev., and
Staff Sgt. Casimer Synowiec, New
Buffalo, Mich., had no food, two
rifles, 45 rounds of ammunition
and one canteen of water when
they tried to get out.
Escaping from a heavy mortar
barrage, they ran right into two
machinegun nests. Five Japanese
were killed and two Yanks headed
the other direction. No luck. After
two more tries, they took cover in
the bushes and waited for develop,
Sgt. Abraham Looney, Ocean
Park, Calif., Pfc. Norman Koch.
Leman, Mo., and Private Carmen
P. Durante, 325 North Austin ave
nue, Chicago, 111., tried three times
to break out of the Japanese
pocket. Each time they were driv
en back by concentrated mortar
fire. Then Looney took out his
Bible and read from the 8th chap
ter of the psalms:
“Bow down thine ear, O Lord,
hear me; for I am poor and needy.
Preserve my soul; for I am holy;
O Thou my God, saye Thy servant
that trusteth in Thee.”
Eventually they found a trail but
had moved just a few yards when
they, met four Japanese. All four
were promptly killed. Then they
tried another direction and spent
most of the day hugging the
ground almost under the feet of
the restless Japanese.
Succor came from the Japanese
themselves. Suddenly, the Nippon
ese began to evacuate the area.
Hiding behind logs, in the grass,
in defiles, the little, separated
groups of Yanks watched as sev
eral hundred of the enemy packed
their belongings and moved out.
Some of the departing Japanese
walked so near the hiding Yanks
that a Doughboy could reach out
and touch them as they trudged
by. But ho twig snapped, no one
coughed, and the last Japanese
The Americans’ good luck—and
good training—had pulled them
through another incredible situa
Cotton Fiber Becomes
More Helpful To South
May 27.—Quality of cotton fiber is
becoming more important than
ever before in the history of the
South, says Dr. J. H. Moore, cot
ton technologist of the Agricultural
Experiment station at State college.
The lack of foreign demand, com
petition from artificial fibers, and
the surplus of cotton on hand, even
though much of it is of low quality,
are the chief factors which call for
the production of cotton of better
Cotton quality is chiely determin
ed by grade and staple length; di
ameter, strength, and wall thick
ness of the fibers; and the unifor
mity of the physical fiber proper
ties, Dr. Moore explains.
On the other hand, the research
workers of the Experiment Station
have come to realize that all of
these factors are in turn dependent
upon the varieties or strains of cot
ton grown and upon the conditions
under which the cotton grows, in
cluding seasons, locations, fertiliz
ers, rotations, and picking and gin
ning methods.
. TILTON, N. H., May 27.—(U.B—
Seaman Roy L. Harbour, on duty
in the Pacific, has become a
Methodist by proxy. Harbour was
baptized officially in Tilton, _ with
his sister answering the questions.
leplantmg Of Cotton
Increases Boll Weevils
May 27.—Replanting of cotton be
cause of a loss of stand in early
toril will increase the op
sortunities for boll weevil dem
ise this year, says J. Myron Max
well in charge of Extension en.
omology at State College.
Of course, the actual damage
-hat will be suffered depends on
i number of factors, he explains.
LVhile the number of weevils com
ing out of winter quarters are ex
-eptionally large, no one knows
at this time just when they will
all come into the fields because
this varies from year to year.
Some years the majority of the
weevils come into the fields ahead
af the squaring of the cotton, while
in other years they wait until the
aotton is squaring before they
Leave their winter quarters in
trash and woods around the fields.
Maxwell suggests that growers
keep a sharp watch on the cotton
near the winter quarters of the
weevil and be prepared to fight
the pest before he gets a good
start in the crop.
Much will depend on the amount
af rainfall in June as to just how
East the weevil infestation will de
velop this year. A wet period will
favor weevil development while
a dry period will greatly help to
hold down the infestation.
Some farmers argue, “If it’s
dry, I will make a big crop of
cotton but, if it’s wet, I can’t do
anything about it.” Maxwell says
that dusting with calcium arsenate
is a paying proposition in those
years when the boll weevil really
threatens and that being ready for
the fight is good crop insurance.
National Farm Safety
Week To Be Observed
May 27.—National Farm Safety
Week will be observed again this
year during the week of July 22
to 28.
“While it is well to focus na
tion-wide attention on the tre
mendous toll taken by accidents to
farm people, we must remember
that farm safety is an every day,
all-the-time matter and we must
remain constantly on the alert,”
says David S. Weaver, in charge of
the Agricultural Engineering De
partment*^ State College.
He points out that farm accidents
caused the loss of about 25 million
man-days last year and that this
was one of the greatest obstacles
to maximum food production.
With fewer experienced workers
on the farms and with machinery
a year older and still hard to re
place, opportunities for serious
farm accidents are greater than
ever before.
North Carolina joined in the
farm safety crusade last year and
will take part again this year. Al
ready tens of thousands of 4-H
boys and girls have made a spe
cial study of farm safety and have
outlined changes to be made on
their farms and in their homes for
greater safety.
“Never grease, oil, unclog or ad.
just a machine that is in gear,”
says Weaver, “and don’t wear
floppy clothing that can catch in
machinery.” These two and dozens
of other don’ts" must be continu
ally kept in mind on the farm.
“Farmer Gored by Angry Bull”
and “Falling Tree Kills well
known Farmer” are some of the
headlines that occur almost weekly
in the newspapers.
Import Of Peruvian
Cotton Authorized
The War Production Board said
today it will consider applications
for authority tojmport Peruvian
pima cotton into this country.
Applications for permission to
ship this cotton by way of the
United States to India will be con
sidered, the agency added.
WPB said that any authorizations
granted will be based on each ap
plicants imports of Peruvian cot
ton from 1936 through 1941.
NEW BEDFORD, Mass., May 27.
—(U.R)—Pfc., Frank L. Medeiros,
Jr., of New Bedford was rejected
for Army service five times before
being accepted on his sixth try.
Recently his widow was notified
that he had been kUled in Germany.
Mate-wine Lotion
Contest Is Planned
May 27.—There will be another
state-wide contest this year for the
greatest 'improvement in quality
cotton production, handling, and
marketing and a silver trophy will
again be awarded by the Atlantic
Cotton Association, it was announ
ced by Dean I. O. Schaub of the
Extension Service at State College.
The award will be made on the
county basis and all' counties which
are participating in the one-variety
cotton improvement program are
eligible to enter the contest and
compete for the award, he explains.
Halifax County won the contest in
1942, Hoke County in 1943, and Polk
County in 1944.
Credits are given for the percent
age of the ginners actively parti
cipating in the one-variety program
the percentage of growers coopera
ting, the.percentage of the cotton
acreage planted to th chosen varie
ty, improvement in the percentage
of middling and better cotton, cot
ton with one inch staple and longer
improvement in tha percentage
of middling and better cotton, cot
ton with one inch staple and long
er, improvement in gin preparation
participation in the State Five-Acre:
Cotton Contest, and the amount of
planting seed treaed and reginned.
Dean Schaub calls special atten
tion to a new requirement in sub
mitting samples of bales of cotton
for classification under the free
Government classification plan of
the Smith-Doxey Act: All samples
must be “cut samples” and the gin
ner submitting the samples must
Hamburg Is Expected
To Be Opened June 1
FORCE, Paris, May 27.—UPl—The
great German port of Hamburg is'
expected to be opened to Allied
shipping by June 1, headquarters
announced today.
Allied minesweepers have clear
ed the route across the North Sea.
Their activities began long before
the German surrender.
Use of the port will shorten land
communications for all northwest
Europe. Heretofore Antwerp has
been the primary Allied port.
Greeks In North Epirus
Seek Allied Protection
ATHENS, May 27.—(JP)—A reso
lution adopted at a rally attended
here today by residents of North
ern Epirus demanded that Allied
troops be sent into that area to
protect the lives and properly of
Greeks asSertedly suffering from
“Albanian terrorism.”
The resolution expressed the de
sire that Northern Epirus be unit
ed with Greece; Similar rallies
were held in other' Greek cities..
12 Princea^^^^^^^^^ Street
F. (Farmers’ i|||
C. (Cooperative
X. (Exchange
“A Feed for Every |
Farm Need”
112 NO. 10th ST. Ip11
L. W. Humphrey, Prop.
Remember HIM with a picture
of yourself or his grandchildren.
Ml N_ 2nd HI ml MIS
I will present
Spring Recitals
(2 Yrs. Through 8 Yrs.
oi Age)
| Tues., May 29—8 P. M.
♦ * *
(Older Students)
Wed., May 30—8 P. M.
• * «
Admission i
Children_35c |
N. H. High School Auditorium
||_(Benefit Warm Springs • Foundation)
have been tried and proven to be the ideal way to horn
ship. Thousands have arrived at this goal the CARon!:0'’'11*'
Unlimited funds to lend. 1 * "^ *»y.
Assets over $8,600,000.00.
The / Million Dollar
Carolina Building and Loan As'i
“Member Federal Home Loan Bank”
W. A. FONVIELLE. Sec.-Treas
Roger Moore, Pres. W. D. Jones, Assf ,
Murray G. James, V.-Pres. j. o. Carr.Atiyr*M'
oJhe (Qpticcil Shop
In -he Jewel Box ‘
109 N. FRONT 6T.
W. Te.ch Watcbc, T7",b
Tho Troth *lU
Quick Scrcic,
The Jewel Box
1» -N. Front
— at — |
Radford, Virginia t
■ • --- |
10 Hours Per Day, 5 Days
8 Hours on Saturday,
16 Months Works
Time and One-Half for All Over 8 Hours
■ • -
A Representative of Mason & Hanger Will Be At The
I 1
111 Grace Street
May 28th to June 2nd
■ • -
All Hiring in Accordance with
War Manpower Commission Regulations
- • ---
Transportation Paid to the Job
Living Quarters Assured on or Near Job
When you qualify" for new tires, make your ra
certificate work overtime by getting the L.b- n r
DeLuxe. But whether you qualify or not
your present tires to their last, safe mile. Oar s '
tire service is your guarantee of maximum mue e •
Dial2-3686 224IfM* -

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