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— — FORECAST ^ ^ ^ „ -—l __ ^ ^lllB ♦ Cr U Served By Leased Wires I umumtmt iuimtum ^tur - — -■' State and National News \0I.-_?-------•___WILMINGTON, N. C., THURSDAY, JUNE 21, 1945 ESTABLISHED 1867 87,343 Japs In Okinawa Fighting; Aussies Make r/|§w Landing On North Borneo; World Security Conference To End Tuesday Brunei Bay Entrance In, Allied Grip guns cover landing New Beachhead Establish ed After Quick Shore To-Shore Operations MANILA, Thursday. June 21.— (j)_In a shore to shore operation, units of the Australian Ninth Divi sion have landed at the northern head of Brunei Bay, northwest Bor neo. giving them control of both sides of the entrance to thq water way. General MacArthur announc ed today. The landing was preceded by an artillery bombardment from La buan Island, seized by the Aussies early in their invasion of Borneo. The island is five miles west of the new beachhead. "Our ground forces now control the shores bordering both entranc es into the bay,” the communique Medium bombers supported the ground operations. Heavy bombers and fighters made another of their daily strikes in the Balikpapan area, where the Tokyo radio says, without Allied confirmation, that an Allied naval force has been operating for sev eral days. The heavies dropped 15 tons of explosives on Balikpapan, Mang gar and nearby airfields. There was no mention in the communique of Allied ships shell ing Balikpapan nor of mine sweep ers operating in the bay, as To kyo reported yesterday. The Aussies who landed at Wes ton on the eastern side of the bay several days ago drove inland two and a half miles without meeting more than minor patrol contacts. While they pushed inland, other units of the veterans of African desert warfare crossed the five mile strait from Labuan to the mainland and occupied Mempakui village. This secured the north entrance to Brunei Bay from any possible Japanese attack mounted from Jesselton, 60 miles to the north. Gen. Douglas MacArthur's Wed nesday communique said the Aus sies gained ground on both the northern and southern fronts of iCoiltinifpri nn Pa irp ~VinP' C nl fit SEDATE OKEHS FUNDS FOR OWE ACTIVITIES WASHINGTON. June 20— IU.R) — The Senate appropriations com mittee, supporting President Tru man's views, today reversed the House on two controversial issues. It voted to restore funds for the Office of War Information’s Eu ropean activities and, at least temporarily, it rescued from ob livion. the Fair Employment Prac tices committee. The committee, by 14-4 vote, au thorized Sen. Dennis Chavez, D., M. to submit an amendment «n the floor which would give; rHPC S446.250 for fiscal 1946. Cha fer said he was confident of get t'Rg the two-thirds floor vote neces ,5r>' to approve the appropriation. Unless the amendment is approv. *d the FEPC will expire June 30 because the House refused any ap Ptopriations whatever for the tem Pwary agency. The committee also voted to Jive OWI S39.670.215 for its world wide operations in the coming fis bal year—an increase of $21,000, VUlJ fit 4 L. _ rr »• UUUOC U^UIC. weatheT MeteorologicFl data for the 24 hours ■? 7:30 p. m„ yesterday. , tempebatuee ‘ JO a in. 73.0; 7:30 a. ra. 73; 1:30 p. ni' ' :30 p. m. 76. ..... HUMIDITY l,. :®1 rn. 91; 7:30 a.m. 89; 1:30 p. m. 1 “30 p. m. 89. T precipitation „ r,s] tor 24 hours ending 7:30 ending “ W inches. rota; since the first of the month '■i10 inches. TITDES for today i> ~ro:i' the Tide Tables published by ^ Coast and Geodedtc Survey H) "“mington _ 6:32 a.m. 1:30 a.m. 7:12. p.m. 1:45 p.m •wsonboro Inlet _ 4:19 a.m. 10:38 5.02 p.m. 11:20 p.m. Simme 5:01: Sunset 7:26, Moonrise ■D'IP iluonset 2:17a, NAZI-DAMNING | Ciano Diary Smuggled From Italy By Forlorn Wife, Aided By Priest BERNE—It can now be disclosed how the*diary of Count Ciano, with its sensational revelations of Axis diplomacy, was saved by Ciano’s wife from failing into Nazi hands. For six months her lips have been sealed; sealed by dis cretion for this little neutral country, encircled by powerful Nazi armies. Sealed, too, because of many Gestapo agents in Switzerland. The Gestapo tried at all costs to get the Ciano diary and its compromising revelations. The Nazis offered 100,000,000 gold lire, payable in Switzerland, for it. They even tried to barter the life of Ciano against his precious documents, but thp Hiarv ocoonaJ Everyone In Italy connected with the Ciano diary was tortured, killed or had to flee. Edda Ciano risked her life and put the final touch to her already bad reputation. Finally at dawn of Jan. 11, 1914, Ciano himself fell victim to Nazi wrath. Twenty hours before his death, a strange scene occurred at the Swiss frontier village of Novazzano, in Tessin. Aided by a priest, a shabbily dressed black-veiled old woman with immense haggard eyes, had entered Switzerland stating her life had been threatened by the neo-Fascists. She readily ad mitted her identity—Edda Ciano—a “mother” of the Axis and the most noted woman of modern Italian history. On hearing her identity, the gay Tessin lads goggled. For the famous countess was old and disheveled, obviously preg nant. Edda Ciano was not pregnant. Strapped under her dress were five commonplace notebooks—The Ciano diary—once held in the right drawer of the magnificient desk of the foreign minister in Rome’s Chigi palace. As he was about to die Count Galeazzo Ciano wrote a bitter charge that Germany deliberately provoked war in Europe in 1939 and dragged Italy to disaster. Nineteen days before Ciano was shot to death for high treason, he wrote a final 10-page entry in his diary. It is an amazing document Italy’s fateful alliance with Ger many was born in a moment of rage on Mussolini’s part, Ciano wrote. He recounted Nazi Foreign Minister Von Ribbentrop’s casual assertion that the Germans wanted war. and told of a cynical bet ol an Italian painting against a col lection of antique arr.is that Grea* Brita n and France would remai 1 neutral. The Germans treated the Italians as “slaves, not partners,” Ciano wrote, who were informed only of the Nazi attack on the Soviet Union half an hour after the borders had hoon hrnccpH Ciano was waiting from Cell 27 of the Verona jail on December 23, 1945. The special tribunal before which he was tried did n#t meet until January 3, 1944. but Ciano said that judgement already had been passed by his father-in-law. Mussolini, whom he accused of “shameful cowardice,’’ in his re lations with the Germans. Ciano. and four others were executed Jan uary 11. The revealing closing entry in Ciano's own handwriting ar.d bear ing his signature follows: “Tf these no'es of mine see light one day, it will be because I took the precaution of putting them in safety before the Germans by base treachery had made me a prisoner. “It was not my intention, while I was composing these hasty notes to release them tor publication as they are. Rather it was my aim to fix events, details, facts which could have been useful to me in the future. "If the Lord bad granted me a quiet old age, what excellent ma terial for an autobiography! The notes are not, therefore, part of a book, but the raw material from which a book could have been com posed. “Perhaps the teal merit of these diaries is to be found in this skel eton form and in the absolute lack of the superfluous. Events are pho tographed without retouching, and the impressions reported are the first ones, the most genuine, with-' out influence of criticism or the wisdom of future years. I was ac customed to jot down the salient happenings day by day, hour by hour. Perhaps at time repetitions or contradictions may be found, just as very often life repeats and contradicts itself. “If the opportunity for expanding these notes nad not been taken away suddenly, I should have wished from other documents and personal recollections to amplify the chronicle of certain days which have had unique and dramatic in fluence on the history of the world “With greater detail, I should have liked to hove fixed respon sibility, both of men and govern ments, but this unfortunately was impossible, even though there come to mind in these last hours so many details I should not want ignored by those who tomorrow will analyze and essess the events that have occuired “The Italian trasedv had its be ginning in August. 19-J9 On my own initiative I want then 1o Salzburg (Hitler’s headeiuarteis) and foun' myself suddenly face io face with the cold, cynical German dcle mination to provoke conf'ict. “The alliance HvUn the Ger mans) had been signed in May. 1 had always opposed it, and had contrived that pert > stent German offers would be long delayed and thus ineffective. There was no rea son whatsoever, in my opinion, to be bound life and death to the destiny of Nazi Germany “Instead, I had favored a policy of collaboration, for in our geo graphical situation we can and must detest, but cannot ignore, 80. 000,000 Germans brutally brought together in the heart of Europe “The decision to cement the al liance tvas taken suddenly by Mus solini while I was in Milan with Von Ribbentrop. Some American (Continued on Page Two; Col. 1) Hoover Offers 12-Point Plan On Meat Shortage WASHINGTON, June 20. —<JP>— Herbert Hoover declared today that meat' controls have broken down and proposed a sweeping 12 point program to remedy shortages in animal products. In brief, the program includes an “administrative revolution” in con trol agencies; # concentration of much authority under the Secretary of Agriculture; a system of ceiling and floor prices on meats, poultry, eggs and dairy products designed to increase productiion without sub sidy payments, and self-policing by representatives of livestock grow ers, packers, commission men and retailers. The proposals of the former pres ident and food administrator of World War I were made in a letter read to the House by Rep. Dink ins (R-Ohio). Hoover referred to “local fa mines” of animal products in the cities, and had this to say of black markets: “The existence of black mar kets in meats and fats (except milk) in every city of the country is Sufficient evidence of a break down in control of both distribu tion and price.” As a remedy he proposed “to reconstruct the whole method of organization and administration,” as follows: 1. The Secretary of Agriculture (Continued on-Page Three; Col. 5) City Limits Vote Talked For Oct. 9 PROBLEM IS STUDIED Council Requests City At torney To Collect Data On Subject Following a suggestion that the city limits extension election be called for October 9 or thereabouts, the City Council at its regular meet ing yesterday morning authorized City Attorney William B. Campbell to continue his study of the ques tion and report back at a later date. Attorney Campbell submitted the October 9th tentative date, and motion to continue study of the problem was made by Councilman J. E. L. Wade. a I ._ j ... i; .1 1U. a ICVCIH -- cil, Mr. Campbell was authorized to confer with Community Chest officials in an effort to prevent dates of the Cheat’s annual fund campaign and the election conflict ing. In his report to council, the City Attorney pointed out that collection of preliminary data must be made and presented to council before the election can be called. He said he expected to have more definite information next week. Mr. Campbell said he had dis cussed the matter with both E. L. White, president of the Chest, and George Stearns, executive secre tary, and had been informed that the Chest was planning its general public campaign for October 15-24. He reported that the belief had been expressed by Chest officials that it would be more helpful if the city extension program could be held sometime just prior to that of the Chest drive. In that case, he continued, the preliminary surveys being made by the offices of the city manager and city engineer would have to be completed and the material placed before the council by the first week of July. The legislative act passed by the last General Assembly enabling the council to call the election requires a 90-days advertising period from the time of the call to the voting. Unless the polling can be called for the October date, he said, it probably would have to be post poned until early November. City Manager A. C. Nichols ex pressed the belief that the field surveys would be completed in time for the council to act early next month. The city board authorized City Attorney Campbell to file condem nation suits in Columbus county to acquire the land and premises for the city of three Columbus property-owners who, according to the city attorney, have failed to cooperate with the city in connec (Continued on Page Three; Col. 2) r . - . 1 Reds Accept Australian Compromise TRUMAN TO SPEAK World Charter Probably Will Be Signed By Delegates Monday __! By DOUGLAS B. CORNELL SAN FRANCISCO, June *20.—(IP) —Russian acceptance of an Aus tralian compromise on what a 50 nation General assembly can talk about enabled the United Nations conference tonight finally and formally to set next Tuesday for completion of a world charter to maintain peace. Secretary of State Stettinius an nounced after a steering commit tee meeting that a speech by Presi dent Truman late Tuesday after noon will end this historic gather ing, two months and a day after it began its deliberations. The charter of a new world or ganization dedicated to peace probably will be signed by all dele gates of 50 United Nations Monday afternoon and night. It will bring into being, when enough govern, ments ratify it, an international league empowered to settle dis putes peacefully or to use armed might to prevnt war or aggression. It will set up a new internation al court of justice, and council for cooperation in removing social and economic stresses which have fomented war in the past. To a compact security council of 11 members—all the tive big world powers and six others—wih be entrusted the primary repson sibiiity for maintaining peace. A conference commission considering the council’s structure and duties completed its task today. All that remained was to put in to charter language sections deal ing with a general assembly to serve as the “town meeting of the world.” (Continued on Page Nine; Col. 5) GENERALWAGEBOOST IS SOUGHT BY DAVIS WASHINGTON, June 20— (A>) — William H. Davis today proposed a general wage minimum of 50 cenis hourly, with the pay floor langing up to 65 cents in textiles and other industries needing pro duction incentives. Davis, director of the Office of Economic Stabilization, suggested that the Federal Fair Labor Stan dards Act, which now provides a 40-cent hourly minimum wage, be amended to bring workers oack into industries having manpower problems and to provide a found dation for a reconversion stabili zation program. Soviet Prosecutor Asks Prison Term For Poles LONDON, Thursday, June 21 —(JP)—Twelve of the 16 Polish underground leaders accused of subversive activities behind Red army lines in Poland were found guilty in Moscow early today and sentenced to prison terms ranging from ten years to six months, the Moscow ra dio said. , Three were acquitted and the trial of another, Anton Paldafc, was postponed because he was ill. MOSCOW, June 20.— UP) —The Soviet prosecutor asked for pris on terms but not the death penalty today in the “fifth column” trial of 16 Polish underground leaders, and asserted the Polish govern ment in London bore “the main guilt” for trying “to create a Pol and in opposition to the Soviet Union.” Summing up Russia’s case, Maj. Gen. Nikolai Afanaseev declared “despite all their crimes, I think the punishment should be limited to imprisonment, especially in these days of Soviet victory when together with our Allies vye gained our great triumph.” The chief defendant, Maj.-Gen. L. Bronislaw Okulicki, Polish home army commander, staged and completed his own defense, de claring he had committed no crimes, ^nd that “my one great mistake, I know now, was my dis trust of the Soviet Union.” “That played a major role in this business. We were not aware of changes which have taken place in Russia—that it is no threat to Poland now-and we could not be lieve that it was not a threat.” Charged with subversive acts behind Russian lines, Okulicki said: “I consider myself guilty of not giving orders to hand over radios, guns and ammunition to the Red Army. I consider myself guilty for forming the ‘NE’ (a politico-mili tary organization), that I main tained communications with Lon don, and carried out propaganda against the Soviet Union and Red Army, but I am not guilty of carry ing out terror, espionage, and acts of diversion.” Seven Russian lawyers have been assigned to the defense-. <A Moscow broadcast heard in London said the prosecution had announced it would not ask a guilty verdict for three defendants— S. (Continued on Page Three; Col. 4) f • ~ t_______. Ike Gets The Key To Brooklyn -—-1___ Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower leans from his car to shake hands with Harry B. Robbins (left), former American Legion post com mander, who presents the general with a “key” to Brooklyn during New York’s celebration in honor of the Allied Supreme Command er’s return from Europe. (AP Wirephoto). Claims Body Of Hitler Burned In Chancellery —"" —--; CHERRYSOUGHT TO HONOR. HERO City Council Acts On Home-Coming Plans For Capt. Murray First definite steps toward a real home-coming celebration for Capt. Charles P. Murray, Jr.. Wilming ton's No. 1 war hero, were taken by the city council yesterday morn ing when tentative arrangements were discussed and will probably be enlarged upon at a special meet ing of a Council group at 10 a. m. today. Included in the suggested large scale activities in connection with the celebration would be an invita tion to Governor R. Gregg Cherry to be present for the occasion. Upon the suggestion of Mayor,W. Ronald Lane, the city board, acting as a committee of the whole, react ed favorably to Councilman J.E.L. Wade’s suggestion that stores be asked to close in honor of the city’s first Congressional Medal of Honor Winner, and Councilman Garland S. Currin's proposal that the Gov ernor should be invited. It was the opinion of the council that "we ought not to undertake to put on this celebration unless we can do a man-sized job.” The city manager revealed that the commanding officer at Blue thenthal Air Blse had offered his cooperation and the services of a special aerial group of 36 planes to fly overhead during the cele bration. Following the regular Council session, the group met to formulate (Continued on Page Three; Col. 1) By JACK FLEISCHER United Press Staff orrespondent With the 101st airborne division, Berchtesgaden. Germany, June 20 —(U.R)—Adolf Hitler and his mis tess-bride Eva Braun shot them selves dead with pistols in the Ber lin chanlcellery shelter April 30, two days after they married, and their limp, bleeding bodies were carried to the garden where they were soaked in gasoline and burn ed. Hitler’s personal chauffer said today. Paul Joseph Goebbels. minister of propaganda, and his wife killed themselves on the evening of May 1 and their bodies were burned m the chancellery, the chauffer said Martin Bormann. chief of the Na zi party chancellery, the man who had become the power behind Hit ler and the last big Nazi unaccount ed for, was wounded and probably killed trying to escape Berlin in a tank, according to the informant. The man who told the story is Eric H. Kempke, 34, Hitler s per sonal chauffer since 1936. * (Kempke’s amazing story, which (Continued on Page Nine; Col. 3) TRADE LEGISLATION PASSEDBY SENATE WASHINGTON, June 20— (T) - Smashing down a series of restric tive amendments the Senate today passed and sent to the V/hite House legislation extending the re cinrocal trade agreements law three more years with added pow er toi- the President to cut tanff l’3t6S. Already authorized under the old law to cut import duties in half, the President will be empowered under the new legislation to reduce them another 50 per cent below the i ates prevailing on January 1, 1945. Yanks Capture Ilagan In Philippine Valley MANILA, Thursday, June 21.— (iP)—Meeting little or no opposition from an estimated 30,000 Japanese fleeing northward in the Cagayan valley of the Philippines, troops of the American 37th Division captur ed Ilagan, an important river junc tion, and its airstrip Tuesday, Gen. Douglas MacArthur reported to day. The river-hopping Buckeye Divi sion pressed northward in pursuit as the Japanese fell back toward Aparri port on Luzon’s northern coast. As the Cagayan corridor nar rowed to little more than 100 miles. U. S. headquarters announced that Filipino guerrillas were guard ing any outlet to the north. Maj. Gen. Robert S. Beightler’s Buckeyes seized the Ilagan air strip, a small secondary field ov ergrown with brush and rank grass as they crossed the 440-foot wide Gagayan river aboard assault boats and pressed forward seven miles for a total gain of 10 miles during the day. They killed 93 Japanese an^ captured 103, most ly Formosans, as the advance con tinued unimpeded. Three other Yank divisions mop ped up in the lower Cagayan val ley where Japanese troops, re treating westward, have taken cover in the Caraballo mountains. The American 6th Division, driv (Continued on Page Two; Col. 5) Nimitz Says Campaign In Final Stage SMALL ARMS USED Few Thousand Survivors Reduced To Three Tight Pockets ' GUAM, Thursady, June 21.—(/P)— American Tenth Army troops, eliminatingfanatically fighting Japanese at the rate of 2,590 a day, compressed the few thousand survivors into three tight little pockets on Okinawa yesterday. Fleet Adm. Chester W. *Nimitz announced today that 6,864 Japa nese troops were killed and 885 captured on Sunday, Monday and Tuesday—a total of 7,769 in only three days fighting. This was probably the highest rate of Japanese slaughter for any similar period in the central or far western Pacific campaigns It increased Japanese casualties for 80 days of Okinawa fighting to 87,• 343 killed and 2(565 prisoners. ■ Although still withholding any announcement that bloody Okinawa lias been secured, Nimitz said remnants of the enemy were broken into three pockets, the largest of which was about 1,200 yarns in aiameier. The closing phase of the battle was weirdly quiet. Fighting was at such close quarters that all heavy artillery had been ordered, to cease fire because of the danger to American troops. But there still was much stubborn small arms and machine gun battling. The largest remaining pocket of enemy resistance surrounds Hill 81 north of Makabe. The Seventh Infantry Division’s 184th Regiment, driving 1,600 yards westward from the southeast coast, joined elements of the First Marine Division north of Komesu to close off this central pocket from another small pocket in the southeast coastal sector around Hill 882 The third Japanese pocket, an area about 1,000 yards square, was in the Mabuni-Mura hills north of Cape ARA, which is the southern most point of Okinawa. The First Marine Division’s Fifth Regiment drove into Makabe town, about 300 yards south of Hill 881, where the Japanese were making their stiffest stand. Troops of the 96th Infantry Di vision were closing on the central pocket from the northeast. They encountered stubborn resistance from a series of steel-cored con crete pillboxes. On the south and southeast sides of the central pocket, the Seventh. Division’s 184th Regiment closed (Continued on Page Nine; Col. 8) GE AT FIRES SET ON JAP HOMELAND GUAM, June 20—UP)—Great fires burned out of control for hours, Radio Tokyo admitted today, in ■ two of the three secondary indus trial cities of Japan given their first fire treatment by Yank B 29's. Shizuoka and Toyohashi, on Hon shu, apparently were hardest hit in the three-way mission which cost two of the Superforts but Fukuoka, on Kyushu, also burned for two hours or more. The 20th Air Force Command in Washington reported results rang ed from unobserved to excellent and disclosed two of the planes were missing. Air opposition was described as weak and anti-air craft fire medium and inaccurate. CHINESE NEARING LIUCHOW AIRFIELD CHUNGKING, June 20—UP)— The Chinese high command claimed tonight that Chinese troops had plowed within three miles of Liuchow airfield, big former American bomber base in South China which was aban doned to the Japanese by the U. S. 14th Air Force seven months ago. Chinese headquarters ac counts of the fighting made It appear that Chinese reoecupa tion of the airfield was immi nent.