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Bltipg timmgfcm nrmng mw: V0L.3rN°- 1 — . _WILMINGTON, N. C., MONDAY. JUNE 25, 1945 ESTABLISHED 1861 last Minute World- Wide flews Reports ^^TEPATROL PARIS PARIS, June 24.— (U.R) — Heavily-armed police patrolled the night club area of Mont martre today following a series #f r0bbcries and fights involv ing American soldiers and french soldiers and civilians. Two companies of U. S. MP’s jnd two crack units of French jllpine Chasseurs have been ordered ‘‘to be alert for and squelch any sign of an inci dent.” During the past week, scores 0f fights between American soldiers and Frenchmen have occurred. Several Americans have been clubbed and robbed. INSURANCE firms merge GREENSBORO, June 24.—(/Pj Officials of The Pilot Life In surance Co., of Greensboro to day announced the merger of that company with the Gate City Life Insurance Co., also of Greensboro. The merger is effr dive July 1. The consolidation of the two companies followed several weeks of negotiations. TO USE OKINAWA BASES U. S. ARMY HEADQUAR TERS, HONOLULU, June 24.— (U,p)_Army Gen. Henry H. Ar nold, completing a tour of the Pacific, disclosed for the first time today that Superfortress bombers would operate from newly-conquered Okinawa, put ting more than 1,000 miles off the present route from bases in the Marianas Islands. COOS BAY DOCK BURNS COOS BAY, Ore., June 24.— UP}—The City Dock and ware house were destroyed and the steamship Bandon damaged by fire today. The North Bend fire department and Navy and Coast Guard crews stopped the blaze, which did damage esti mated at from $75,000 to $100, 000. GETS NEW COMMAND SAN DIEGO, Calif., June 24. UP}—Assignment of Maj. Gen. Ralph J. Mitchell as command ing officer of Marine Corps air bases on the Atlantic coast, with headquarters at Cherry Point, N. C., was announced today. Gen. Mitchell, who for more than two years commanded the First Marine Air Wing in the Solomons and the Philippines, has just returned to the Ma rine air depot here. After his leave he will assume his new duties. A native of New Britain, ”onn., Mitchell was director of Marine aviation in Washington, 0. C., prior to his command in the Pacific. TRUMAN TO VISIT KING LONDON, Monday, June 25. (#1—The London Daily Mail said today President Truman will pay a state visit to Lon don after the three-power con ference in Berlin as a guest of King George and Queen Eliza beth. The unconfirmed report said the President also will vis it American occupation forces in Europe and go to Paris for talks with Gen. Charles de Gaulle. GET HEAVY “SUGAR” WASHINGTON, June 24.—UP) Two North Carolinians were listed today by Secretary of the Treasury Morgenthau as having received compensation in excess of $75,000 in 1943. A. E. Finley of The North Carolina Equipment Company received a total of $75,008.07, which included a $6,000 salary and S69,008.07 in commissions. S. Clay Williams of the R. •I' Reynolds Tobacco Company received $100,000 in salary. -v_ WVy PLANES CRASH IN WAR BOND SHOW MONTGOMERY, PA., June 24. -(J5)—Two Navy fighter planes col Med in the air and crashed to the ’round today during a War Bond Mr show before more than 2,000 spectators. The pilots of both planes para Muted to safely as their planes Plunged earthward. . LM H. M. Dobbs, public rela •10ns ofticer at the Willow Grove j Mr station, said the planes were Piloted by Lts. J. T. Moore, of Memphis, Tenn.', and L. C. Frank. PI Charlotte, N. C. Marine Corps Pilots atached to a squadron at New York, which maintains a ■raining unit at Willow Grove. „ The accident occured as six jrunmann Hellcats from the Naval Mr station at Willow Grove were M'ing in formation over Gloster JfcM. The propellor of one of the Mips struck the tail of the preced es ship causing both planes to Prash, the public relations officer said. 50 Nations Hail Parley As Success OK CHARTER TODAY Only Formalities Remain With Truman Speech Slated Tuesday SAN FRANCISCO, June 24.—!® Statesmen of 50 nations ap praised the United Nations Confer ence today as a success—it has produced a Charter for a New World League. The task as fin ished. Whether the Charter and the League also will be a success, whether they will eradicate “the scourge of war” and guide the world into paths of permanent peace, will be inscribed in the pages of history in the future. Only a two-day whirl of formal ities remains for the Conference— a plenary session tomorrow for final approval of the Charter text, the signing of the document by delegates who drafted it, a round of speeches Tuesday. President Truman flies in from his Pacific Northwest vacation spot late tomorrow to look in on the ceremonies and bring the con ference to conclusion with a con gratulatory address late Tuesday afternoon. Except for a comma to be in serted or a word changed here and there, work on the Charter is com. plete. A steering committee of all conference delegation chiefs saw to that last night. The committee accepted the Charter as pierced together by technical experts. And it had de termined May 1 that in the final plenary session there should be no discussion or statement on the substance of approved texts. Field Marshal Jan Christian Smuts of South Africa, a link be tween this conference and the writing of the Covenant of the old League of Nations, termed the new world constitution "a great milestone along the path of human progress.” It was Smuts who primarily was responsible for the Charter’s pre amble, the declaration that “we the peoples of the United Nations” and “determined to save succeed ing generations from the scourge of war. which twice in our life time has brought untold sorrow to mankind.” The steering committee argued heatedly last night, however, over a drafting change which took out of the preamble a specific prefer ence to respect treaty obligations and substituted mention of respect for law and the pledged word. It decided that respect for treaties ought to go back in. That brief and not overly loud debate may have been the last of the conference. The steering committee session wound up in an atmosphere of joviality and back slapping, with everybody telling everybody else what a great job he had done. It agreed, also, that a blank place should be left at the bottom of the Charter for signature by a new Polish government of national (Continued on Page Three; Col. *) _v 87,000 WORKERS STILL ON STRIKE Union Official Rejects Ad vice Which Would Terminate Walkout By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS More than 87,000 of the nation’s workers were idle last night as standing labor disputes continued without settlement. One of the most critical of these was deadlocked yesterday. Urgent appeals by the Army, the Navy and the War Labor Board were re buffed by unionists in a strike which has kept 18,000 war workers of the Goodyear Tire & Rubber Co., in Okron, Ohio, away from their jobs. Rejecting advice of the WLB. C. V. Wheeler, president of local 2. CIO United Rubber Workers, as serted that he and other leaders could not recommend that the workers return to their^ jobs “under present conditions.” WLB Chairman George W. Tay lor said this "is the first time that union leaders have failed to step up to their responsibilities.” The leaders contended the company provoked the strike by failing to adhere strictly to board directives for adjustment of accumulated grievances. The labor picture in ouier vines. Detroit More than 44,000 workers at 18 Detroit plants remained off the job, the majority being involved in the AFL-CIO dispute over recon version construction work in war plants. These included 22 000 Pack ard Motor Car Co., employes. Con tinuance of a protest over lack of (Continued on Page Three; Coi. 6) Surrendering Japs Enter Stockade On Guam Convinced at last that they couldn’t lick the who le United States Army and Navy, thirty-five Japs march into a prisoner-of-war pen on Guam after su rrendering with their commanding officer. They had held out in the jungled hills of the island for nearly a year after we recaptured it, and their surrender coincided almost exactly with our conquest of Okina wa. This is an official U. S. Navy photo. (Interna tional Soundphoto) Red Army In Mammoth Victory Parade Grinds Enemy Battle Flags In Dust MOSCOW, June 24.— (U.R) —The Red Army, in a mammoth victory parade, dragged 640 German battle flags through the Moscow gutters today while Marshal Gregory K. Zhukov, conqueror of Berlin, hailed the Soviet military machine as “the strongest army in the world.” The army has entered a period of “peaceful development,” Zhukov said in an order of the day, and “in the future we must strengthen the military and economic might of our country unceasingly, and perfect our military skill.” The parade was one of the most impressive in Russian history, de spite a driving rainstorm. The Ger man battle flags, including Adolf Hitler’s personal standard, were dragged around Red Square and hurled to pavement in front of Nik olai Lenin’s tomb. As the Red Army men trailing the flags approached the mausole um, the huge band suddenly ceased playing. The troops filed past the tomb to the beat of muf fled drums and threw down the flags—the historic rite of grinding the enemy’s battle standards into the dust. Premier Josef Stalin, the Soviet general staff and members of the government witnessed the cere mony. Handsome, six-foot Marshal Konstantin K. Rokossovksky of the famed Second White Russian Army group, dressed in a buff and blue green uniform, commanded the pa rade, which was reviewed by Zhukov. Rokossovsky gave an exhibition of his superb horsemanship as he rode his nervous charger through 'he rain the lens-th and breadth of the historic square. Precisely at 10 a.m., he advanced from the North side of the square toward the mausoleum with his sword aloft, met Zhukov and made his report. The two marshals, accompanied by their suite, then dashed around the square and greeted detach ments from the front. Zhukov re turned to the mausoleum after the inspection and read the order vi ■ the day to the troops. He stressed that the victory was due to the joint efforts of the Red > (Continued on Page Five; Col. 2) English Novelist Charges U. S. Troops With Wanton Destruction Of Property SLOUGH, England, June 24, — (ff) —Novelist J. B. Priest ley said today that American troops burned thousands of sheets and blankets and ran a steamroller over tons of crockery before abandoning a large military hospital in Western England recently. The author told a Labor Party campaign meeting that seven grand pianos were de stroyed. Priestley said the officers and men were reluctant to carry out the orders and that the reason they did it was be cause they “still were chained to the lunatic system of profit before distribution.” The novelist told newsmen later that he obtained the in forpiation from a friend and could not disclose the exact location of the hospital. United States military authorities could not be reached immed iately for comment. Iwo, Useless Heap Of Ash, Now Paying Big Dividends -¥ ~— TWELVE GENERALS RETURN BY PLANE Kepner, Devers, McNarney Among Those Landing At LaGuardia Field NEW YORK, June 24—(U.R)—Japa nese Emperor Hirohito would quit the war “right now” if he could see the devastation caused by American air attacks on Germany, Maj. Gen. William E. Kepner, new commander of the Eighth Air Force in Europe, said today. Kepner was the first of 12 high ranking American generals, the largest group of commanders vet to return from the European battlefields, who arrived at Ls Guardia field from Paris today where they were joyously greetec by their wives and families. Included in the party of 36 offi cers and 26 enlisted men who land ed in four C-54 transports and i Flying Fortress were Lt. Gen. Wil (Continued on Page Three; Col. 5 GUAM, June 24— (U.R) —The Ma rines thought they were fighting for a useless heap of volcanic asl when they invaded Iwo last Feb ruary, but because 4,630 Devildogs died during the conquest of the tiny island, almost 10,000 highly trained Superfortress crewmen are still alive. The 21st Bomber Command an nounced today that in the three months from March 4 when the first B-29 made an emergency landing on Iwo while fighting sti! was in progress, a total of 851 Superforts worth some $510,000,001 and carrying 9.361 men have foune haven on the tiny island midway between the Marianas and Japan The men of the 21st Bombei Command contend that Iwo is pay ing off heavy dividends for the 19, 938 Marines killed and woundec during the bloody 26-day struggle Lt. Col. John R. Maney, a grouj operations officer from East Cedo; Rapids, Iowa, said: “While visiting a friend in th< hospital I heard some Marines whc had been wounded on Iwo remarl that they couldn’t see the reasoi for suffering the casualties neces sary to capture that heap of ash “I wanted to tell them the dust (Continued on Page Five; Col. 5 Charter Can Succeed Where Old League Covenant Failed, States Leader Of South African Group Editors Note: The following analysis of the proposed new world charter drawn at San Francisco was written for the Associated Press* by Field Marshal Jan Christian Smuts, prime minister of the Union of South Africa, and the grand old man of the United Nations Conference. He is the only liv ing link between the chief draft ers of the Covenant of the old League of Nations—when the “Big Four” was made up of Woodrow Wilson, Lloyd George-, of Britain, Clemenceau of France and Orlando of Italy— and the leading figures of the 1945 conference. Field Marshal Smuts, who celebrated his 76th birthday during one of the crit ical periods of the evolution of the new international blue print, has served as chairman of one of the four commissions at San Francisco and is the author of the' preamble of the New World Charter, but per haps his most important work was performed behind the scenes — lending seasoned ad vice to other leaders of the parley. By FIELD MARSHAL JAN CHRISTIAN SMUTS (Copyright 1945 by the Associated Press) SAN FRANCISCO, June 24.—(A3 —I have been asked by the Asso dated Press to give my genera! impression of the San Fra.,ciscc Conference and the Charter of the United Nations which it has draft ed. I readily do so because I thin! the conference and the charter ar< important enough to deserve th« earnest and intelligent attention o: all who are interested in the grea question of peace and the preven tion of war in future. For two months this problen has been under discussion at thi conference, and very full and fair reports have appeared in the p~ess. But, as so often happens in leng thy debates on great issues, many of the points which were most hotly canvassed, and figured most prom inently in the debates, were not those of greatest importance. The public may therefore have been confused by the many debating points, and have failed to see the wood for the trees. It may there fore be useful to put the main is sues in their proper proportion, and I shall try to do so, as I see them. As one of those who took a prominent part in the framing of the Covenant of the ^eague of Na tions at the last peace, I naturally make it my starting point in the consideration of the Charter. 1 ask where the Charter differs from the Covenant, and how it may hope to succeed where the Covenant fail i ed. i Such a comparison between the f two documents may be helpful in making people appreciate what js really important in the charter, and not merely of minor importance The end of the last war witness ed a high tide in idealism. The abhorrance of war with all itp hor rors combined with the high ideal ism of a great leader like Wood row Wilson to make people believe that a new war-free world was pos sible, and that a universal order would arise in which war would play a minor part, and universal anti-war idealism would be a prac tical vision. On that optimistic background the Covenant was drafted. If nations could only be brought together at a round table to con sult with each other, and to plan for a Pacific settlement of disputes, the world might in the end be rid of the scourge of war. Public opin ion and economic sanctions might suffice, and organized force might (Continued on Page Five; Col. 6] Veteran Airborne Troops Join Fight; Planes Lash Enemy 16 Targets Hit During Offensive COVER LARGE FRONT Blazing Aerial Attack Ranges From Borneo To Kuriles Island GUAM, MONDAY, June 25—(U.R) Hundreds of American and British planes heaped upwards of 1,000 tons of bombs on 16 enemy targets spread over a 5,000 - mile front from Borneo to the Kuriles in a blazing week-end that carried the pre - invasion aerial offensive against Japan through its 19th con secutive day, it was disclosed to day. Army, Navy, Marine and RAF warplanes of at least six Air Forc es under the commands of Gen. Douglas MacArthur and Adm. Chester W. Nimitz continued the battering of both Japan and its island outposts in the opening phases of a campaign designed to reduce the enemy’s industries by fall. The latest strikes, which took a toll of at least 44 Japanese ships and river craft, were announced as Tokyo reported that three fleets of B-29 Superfortresses, blockading Japan’s home waters, had spilled mines off the Kyushu and Honshu coasts and bombed secondary tar gets on those islands. Among the targets struck in the attacks which started Friday and continued through Sunday were Formosa, Canton, Hong Kong, Bal ikpapan (Borneo), Kyushu, the Ku rile islands. Marcus Island, the Marshalls, the Sakishimas Islands and Luzon and Mindanao in the Philippines. The U. S. Fifth and 13th Air (Continued on Page Three; Col. 7) TROPICAL STORM MOVING SEAWARD Weather Bureau Indicates ' Blow Will Not Affect Wilmington Area CHARLESTON, S. C., June 24. CU.R)—Carolina Coastal areas pre pared tonight for effects of tropical storm of gale or hurricane violence that was moving up the Atlantic seaboard about 75 miles off-shore. Winds of over 75 miles an hour exist within a radius of 15 to 30 miles of the storm core, but ths disturbance is showing no tend ency to swerve inland, the bureau said at 9:30 P. M. This advisory added/ however, that some damage may be done in the North Carolina Cape Hatter as area due to the jutting and ex posed nature of that sector of the coast. The disturbance, which came out of the Gulf and crossed the penin sula of Florida earlier today, was last centered about 75 miles east (Continued on Page Three; Col. 1) ___1 3,000 Gl Joes Rush To Place $12 Calls LONDON, June 24.— UP) — More than 3,000 American sol diers rushed to the telephone over the weekend to place $12 calls over the trans-Atlantic system, opened for private conversations for the first time since 193S. Only 100 call got through in the first 24 hours, and the British postoffice said tonight that no more calls could be placed before Tues day, and maybe not then. DR. GULLEY DIES AT WAKE FOREST Founder Of College Law School, Veteran Teacher Was In 90th Year WAKE FOREST, N. C., June 24. —(/P)—Dr. Needham Y. Gulley, founder and dean emeritus of the Wake Forest Law School, died at his home here today after a briei illness. He had celebrated his 90th birthday on June 3. The funeral v ill be held at the Wake Forest Baptist Cnurch at 11 a. m. Tuesday. The Rev. Eu gene E. Olive, pastor, will offi ciate. Buria. will be in the Wake Forest cemetery. ur. uuney retired in taao as head of the law school he founded at Wake Forest in 1895. In the 41 years he served as Dean he caught 1,700 men and women who later became lawyers. At the time of his retirement, he was estimat ed to have taught 40 per cent of the practicing lawyers in the state. Governors, judges, members of Congress, and others who later attained lesser prominence, sat at his feet at one time or another. Born in 185o near Clayto, Dr. Gulley enrolled at Wake Forest College in 1875 and graduated in 1879. In September of that year he went to Raleigh to teach in the Cen tennial School which at the time was the former governor’s man sion. In 1881, he returned to John son County and studied law under E. W. Pou, being licensed to practice at the age of 26. After wards, he taught in the public school at Franklinton and in the summer Normal School at Chapel Hill. In 1893 he began to practice of law in Franklinton and remain ed there until he organized the law school here in 1894. Until he was 88, Dr. Gulley drove his automobile down town every morning, and often to Ral eigh. He had served for many years as chairman of the Wake County Board of Education and still was chairman at the time of his death. For 62 consecutive years he taught a Sunday School Very prominent in Dr. Gulley’s teaching was his purely imagi nary "Brendle Bull Pen” which was as immortal to the Wake For est Law School as its creater "Brendle Bull Pen” was a repre sentative of all personal property in Dr. Gulley’s teaching, whether it was at necktie or a bandsaw his wit and wisdom, dry and rich, played an important role in his teaching, and he seldom passed up an opportunity for a good joke. Dr. Gulley’s parents were Need ham G. Gulley and Jaulie Grady Gulley. He married Alice Win gate, daughter of the late Dr. Washington Manley Wingate, who served as Wake Forest’s president from 185-1 to 1879. Surviving are three children, Judge Donald Gulley of Wake Forest, Tom Gulley of Frankleton. and Mrs. Augustas Bonaud of Norfolk, Va. TT CHARLESTON BUILDS ITS BIGGEST SHIP CHARLESTON,, S. C., June 24. —(A>)—The largest ship ever con structed at the Charleston Navy yard will slide down the ways next Saturday, June 30. The ship is the USS Tidewater, a destroyer tender, which will l'-’ve a full load displacement of 17,600 tons. Mrs. Robert N. Scott Baker, wife of Captain Baker, USN, yard in dustrial manager, will sponsor the vessel, while Rep. Mendel L. Riv ers of Charleston, will be speaker at the ceremony. He will be in troduced by Rear Admiral Jules James, commandant of the Sixth Naval district and the Navy yard. Mrs. Baker, the former Eliza beth Binny Montgomery, daughter ol Mrs. Horace Binny Montgom ery of Radmer, Pa., will be at tended by her daughter, Elisabeth Scott Baker. > Parachutist Group Lands Near Aparri WITHOUT OPPOSITION Enter Final Battle To Seal Off Last Jap Escape Port On Luzon MANILA, Monday, June 25—(J1)— Hundreds of veterans of the U. S. 11th Airborne Division, joined by gliders for the first time in the Southwest Pacific, descended on the rice paddies near the North Luzon port ot Aparri Saturday morning and swung South to join the final battle of the Cagayan Valley, where an estimated 20,000 Japanese are trapped. The airborne troops landed at 9:10 a.m. in brighl sunlight with out any enemy opposition. The town of Aparri, last Japanese es cape port from Luzon, had been captured earlier by guerrillas and units of the U. S. Sixth Army. The 'chutists, who fought in the bloody Manila campaign, brought with them formidable pack How itzers, while their gliders disgorg ed Jeeps and Mobile radio equip ment for a rapid push up the Ca gayan river. Commanded by Maj. Gen. Jo seph M. Swing, the troopers con tacted the guerrillas already in the area and the combined force quick ly captured Lallo Town, 11 miles south of Aparri anal only 53 miles north of Tuguegarao, Cagayan pro vince capital still held by another guerrilla force despite three days of desperate Japanese conterat tacks. Farther south the U. S. 37th In fantry division under Maj. Gen. Robert S. Beightler drove nine miles in 24 hours ending at night fall Saturday, reaching within eight miles of Tuguegarao in a bid to relieve the hard-pressed guerrillas. The Japanese were making every effort to crack the guerrillas under Col. Russell W. Volckmann before the 37th could arrive. An American headquarters spokesman said Tuguegarao was “strongly contested” and that the Japanese were throwing in heavy concentrations of artillery, mortar and tank fire. As the Luzon cleanup campaign thus sped toward a spectacular cli max, Gen. Douglas MacArthur an nounced another new high weekly toll of Japanese casualties in the (Continued on Page Three; Col. 6) --V GANDHI TO STAY AWAY FROM MEET Indian Leader Will Act In Advisory Capacity ' At Simla SIMLA, INDIA, June 24.—f/P)— Monhandas K. Gandhi decided to night not to participate personally in the conference scheduled to open tomorrow at the call of Lord Wavell, British Viceroy, to devise a new government for India with broader political support. Ganhdi told a confidant, Bu labhai Desai, one of the men in vited to the conference, that he would remain here in Simla to act as an adviser, both to the Congress Party and to the Viceroy, but that be felt Maulana Abul Kaian Azad, President of the Congress, should represent the party. The decision lisappointed some of those hopeful of the success of the conference, but Desai said it should not be taken as a harmful move, adding that he remained iptimistic the conference would succeed. Gandhi’s decision was disclosed after Lord Wavell had neid sepa rate interviev/s with India’s top leaders in an effort to make cer tain the conference actually starts as planned. The key to the situation appar ently was held by Mahomed Ali Jinnah. President of the All India Moslem League. Jinnah reserved his decision proposal to set up an interim government in which In dians would hold al! the portfolios except the Ministry of War, which Wavell would keep. The Viceroy held his first meet (Continued on Page Three; Col. 3)