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The Wilmington morning star. [volume] (Wilmington, N.C.) 1909-1990, July 07, 1945, Image 1

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn78002169/1945-07-07/ed-1/seq-1/

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____ 9
FORECAST
Worth Carolina—Considerable cloudi
ness and moderately warm with scat
tered showers and thunderstorms Fri
day. Saturday clearing and cooler north
and west portion; partly cloudy and
warm wth scattered showers and thun
derstorms in southeast portion.
VQL. 78.—NO. 204. ____ WILMINGTON, N. C., SATURDAY, JULY 7, 1945 ESTABLISHED 1867
After Eight
Years China
Chases Japs
long road turns
Generalissimo Looks For
Early Invasion Of Nip
pon Homeland
CHUNGKING, Saturday, July 1
^^—Generalissimo Chian" Kai
shek, marking the start of China’s
ninth year of war, declared today
••we anticipate an Allied landing
on Japan,” and pledged that China
would bear the main burden of bat
tle against the enemy on the Chin
ese mainland.
A Chinese army spokesman as
serted that China’s armies were
turning from the defensive to the
offensive, and that the enemy was
changing from offensive to defen
sive tactics.
He said the eight years of fight
ing—begun July 7, 1937 with the
Marco Polo bridge "incident” near
Peiping—had cost the Chinese 3,
178,063 casualties and the Japan
ese 2,521,737, including 1,179,774
enemy killed, 1,318,670 wounded,
and 23,293 captured. He listed
Chinese casualties as 1,310,224 kill
ed, 1,752,591 wounded, and 115,
248 captured.
Chiang in a war anniversary mes
sage urged his people to redouble
{heir efforts for final victory, as
serting "our first duty” is to has
ten the enemy’s collapse and un
conditional surrender.”
But he warned, too, that the
Japanese would become more des
perate as the war approached an
end.
The Chinese high command an
nounced recapture of Pingsiang,
11 miles from the Indo-China bor
der town of Bong Dang, and said
the Japanese "fled toward French
Indo-China with our troops at their
heels.” Loss of Pingsiang was an
nounced a week ago by the Chin
ese.
The Army spokesman, May-Gen.
Kuo Chi-chih, said the Japanese
retreating up China’s east “invasion
coast'1 now were in Chenghsien,
60 miles southeast of Hangchow
and 120 south of Shanghai. Chin
ese forces, he said, are only a
few miles from Chenghsien, and
all points south of the coastal high
way town have been retaken, in
cluding Linhai, Tientai, and Sine
hang.
Chenghsien is 110 airline miles
north of Wenchow, abandoned by
the enemy June 18, and 260 air
line miles north of Foochow, which
the Japanese evacuated May 19 in
the early stages of their long stra
tegic withdrawal.
The high command said mop
ping up operations continued north
of Liuchow, recaptured city where
the U. S. 14th Air Force once
had a base. Chinese troops mov
ing up the highway toward Kwei
lin, site of another abandoned U.
S. Air Base, reached a point 12
1-2 miles northeast of Liuchow,
it added.
More than 350 miles to the north,
east, fighting was reported con
tinuing six miles east of the form
er American air bases at Kanh
sien.
-V
CIVILIANS MAY GET
MORE BUTTER SOON
WASHINGTON, Ju.y 6 — (#) —
More butter for civilians right away
and lower ration point values a
little later are possibilities, Secre
tary of Agriculture Anderson said
today.
The Secretaiy reported that the
butter supply is being examined
"in relation to the demands of the
military and war services.” To see
if it is possible to reduce the
*moun set aside for the govern
ment “so that more can flow quick
ly to the tables of the American
feople.”
Should the study show that butter
stocks are "more than can be ab
sorbed under the present ration
values, and may also be increased
•omewhat by reductions in the gov
ernment set-aside, it may be I
possible to lower the point values.”
Anderson added.
The Department is discussing it
with the Off ce of Price Adminis
tration. the Secretary added in ex
plaining to Sen Wiley CR-Wis) who
asked an investigation of the Butter
situation.
--V
WEATHER
MeUorgological data for the 24 hours
f ending 7:30 p. m.. yesterday.
I Temperature
l 1:30 a. m. 76; 7:30 a. m. 76; 1:30 p. m.
1 **'■ ":30 p. in. 78.
I Maximum 84; Minimum 74; Mean 79;
| Normal 79.
5 Humidity
t 1:30 a. m. 93; 7:30 a. m. 95; 1:30 p. m.
7:30 p. m. 85.
; Precipitation
Total for 24 hours ending 7:30 p. m._
ii 0 40 inches.
I Total since the first of the month__
\ 3.76 inches.
Tide* For Today
'From the Tide Tables published by
; S. Coast and Geodc^tc Survey)
High Low
; Wilmington 7:48 a. m. 2:40 a. m.
J 8:25 p.m. 2:47 p.m.
j Masonboro Inlet 5:37 a.m. 11:48 a. m.
~ 8:11 p. m. p. m.
\ Sunrise 5:07; Sunset 7:26; Moonrise 3:14
* m.; Moonset 5:49 p. m.
Good Samaritan
Himself Is Loser
ARKANSAS CITY, Kas., Ju
ly 6.—(/P)—Wyatt Seay heard a
familiar clink and saw a dime
roll on the sidewalk.
He picked it up and handed
it to a woman nearby, with a
remark about her having lost
it. A few minutes later, he spot
ted another dime and handed it
to a passerby. The third time
it happened he became suspi
cious and paused for inven
tory.
The dimes he had been giv
ing away were his own. There
was a hole in his pocket.
frencTdecorate
WILMINGTONIANS
Two Wilmington majors yester
day were among other American
Army Air Force officers who were
decorated by the French govern
ment, according to an Associated
Press dispatch from Paris. The
local men were James F. Hack
ler, Jr., of 129 Forest Hill drive,
and James T. Johnson, of 2906
Market street, each being awarded
the Croix de Guerre.
Major Hackler, 24-years-old, is
a 1943 West Point graduate, and has
seen service in France and Ger
many. A pursuit pilot, he parti
cipated in the invasion of Nor
mandy on D-Day. He also holds
the Air Medal with 20 Oak Leaf
clusters, the Distinguished Flying
Cross and a Presidential citation.
A New Hanover High school
graduate, Major Hackler received
his pilot’s wings at Spence Field,
Ga., in December of 1942. He was
sent overseas in October of 1943,
and was home on furlough in Feb
ruary of this year. He is the son
of Mr. and Mrs. James J. Hack
ler, Sr., and is married to the
former Miss Josephine Bridges,
of Bladenboro. His award was ac
companied by the Vermillion Star.
A freight claim agent with the
Atlantic Coast Line Railroad Co.
before entering service about three
years ago, Major Johnson was first
sent overseas in the Spring of 1943.
A fighter pilot, he participated
also in. the North African, Sicily
and Italian campaigns. He was last
home in July of 1944.
Besides the Croix de Guerre,
which was awarded him with the
Bronze Star, Major Johnson, 25
years-old, also holds the Purple
Heart, the Distinguished Flying
Cross, the Air Medal, the. Presi
dential Citation and the Service
Medal. A graduate of New Han
over High school, he received his
pilot’s wings at Spence Field, Ga.
A brother, Gerhardt Johnson, saw
duty with the Army in Trinidad,
before receiving an honorable dis
charge.
Councilmen Get Promise
Of Action Through
Amended Order
By JACK STILLMAN
Although members of the City
Council received little help in
Washington yesterday in their
plans to intercede for continuation
of Camp Davis as a convelscent
center, they received good news
from the Office of Price Adminis
tration.
Mayor W. Ronald Lane disclosed
yesterday that he and other City
officials had been promised that
Wilmington would see a let-up on
the meat situation m about ten
days. They were notified that OPA
had issued an amendment No. 8 to
Control Order No. 1, making It
compulsory that all meat packing
concerns ship the same percentage
of their total allotments into the
areas they served as of January, i
1944. Thus, according to OPA
several firms which since have
stopped serving Wilmington will he
compelled to ship quotas of meat
into this area again.
Mayor Lane said that according
to OPA, this was not a spggestion,
but that the new order “required”
to be done.
Three of the biggest firms which
have ceased shipping meat to this
area, and who will oe affected by
the new OPA amendment, are
Kingan and Co., of Richmond, Va.,
Morrell and Co., Of Sue Falls, S.
C., and the Rath Packing Co., of
Waterloo, Iowa. Representative of
Kingan and Co. here is W. M.
Cameron, W. J. Riley represents
Morrell and Co., and W. T.
Gulledge is the representative of
the Rath Packing Co. Two of these
officials were out of the City last
night and the third was not avail
able for comment.
Officials of Swift and Co., report
ed that this plant would be affect
ed by the new OPA ruling, but that
there would be very little increase
in the Wilmington meat supply
from this firm, as the company
had done its bes tto jphold past
quotas.Of course, they admitted,
the plant has not always been able
to do this.
Arriving in Washington .at 9:30
a.m. yesterday, Mayor Lane and
the three councilmen accompany
ing him, were so busy they hadn't
eaten at 6:30 o’clock last night,
when Mayor Lane said “we
couldn’t even get a pork chop at
the OPA."
On reaching the capital, Wil
mington’s' City officials went di
rectly to the War Department,
where they were “treated very
nicely by everyone,” as the Mayor
described their reception.
The City fathers spent the day
rubbing elbows with the great and
the small of the nation’s capital.
They visited the officies of Sena
tors Bailey and Hoey, Representa
(Continued on Page Two; Col. 6)
ies Seal
^ntryway To
Oil Harbor
AUSSIES CROSS BAY
Japs Set Fire To Refinery,
Pumping Works At
Kocalasambodja
MANILA, Saturday, July 7.
—(,/P)—Australian Seventh Divi
sion troops hopped three miles
across broad Balikpapan Bay
under intense Allied naval gun
fire cover Thursday and se
cured both entrances to Bor
neo’s largest oil harbor, Gen.
Douglas MacArthur disclosed
today.
This new amphibious operation
secured Penadjam Point, where the
Japanese had mounted strong coas
tal batteries, and then the Aussies
thrust inland against scanty oppo
sition.
Other Australian units are los
ing in on refineries still held by
the enemy in the Balikpapan area,
MacArthur announced.
In all Borneo operations, includ
ing those on the north coast, 3,031
Japanese dead have been counted
and 274 prisoners taken, the com
munique said.
Allied casualties are 214 dead, 22
missing and 420 wounded, MacAr
thur announced.
While the Australians met little
opposition in their new landing op
posite Balikpapan, they were en
gaged in tough close-quarters
combat with Japanese naval per
sonnel defending the Pandansari
oil refinery north of the burned city.
The Australians, who now hold
18 miles of the coast, from Penad
jam to Manggar airfield on the
northeast, met strong resistance as
they pushed farther northward to
wards the Sambodja oil fields.
Japanese coastal guns and 75
millimeter field artillery slowed
the advanc, but the Aussies were
still hot on the heels of the main
Nipponese force withdrawirg to
ward the marshy oil field.
Samardipa, 55 miles northeast of
Balikpapan, is the last Japanese
held oil producing area in south
eastern Borneo.
The Japanese, pounded by Allied
aircraft and Australian artillery
during their withdrawal, have set
fire to the refinery and punming in
stallations at the coastal town of
Koealasambodja, about half way
between Balikpapan and Samarfh
da.
ihe Australians completed the
occupation of Balikpapan Thurs
day, then pushed on from the ruins
of the oil port to pierce Niponese
defenses in the Pandansari refinery
district just north of Balikapan.
(Tokyo Radio said the Japanese
were undergoing heavy Allied nav
al and air pounding and were fight
ing 15,000 enemy troops which had
been put ashore from the time of
the invasion Sunday through Wed
nesday. The broadcast claimed the
Allies had suffered 2,000 casualties
to Tuesday. Allied reports have
said their casualties were light.)
With the capture of Manggar
airfield the Allies hold two impor
tant airbases around Balikpapan
thf Sepinggang strip having been
taken and put into use shortly after
the Australian landing.
While American enginers install
ed repair facilities in Balikpapan
Yank minesweepers were clearing
the bay of explosives.
-V-—
DEATH STRIKES DOWN
PHILADELPHIA BIRDS
PHILADELPHIA, July 6._(JP)_
Death struck Philadelphia’s al
ready condemned pigeons today.
Police believe poisoned grain,
spread by an unidentified person,
caused the death of more than a
score of the birds.
City Council recently announc
ed that it would open an anti
pigeon campaign to rid the city
of the feathered visitors, blamed
for carrying psittacosis (parrot
fever) and virus pneumonia
germs. Dr. Rufus S. Reeves of the
Health Department, has asked
quick destruction of the pigeons,
opposing all delay.
Dr. A. H. Elliot, city and county
health officer, said last night that
the Health Board has no record of
any cases of parrot fever in this
area. He said that parrots and
love birds, which also carry psitta
cosis, are shipped into the city sev
eral times a year, but that they
are certified as being free of the
fever before they are sent, and
that local health officers are noti
fied by the State Board of Health
when the birds arrive.
-V
CHERRY IN WASHINGTON
WASHINGTON, July 6-' (fP) —
Governor R. Gregg Cherry of North
Carolina was a luncheon guest of
Tar Heel congressmen at the Capi
tol today. He was en route to
Raleigh from the Governors’ Con
ference at Mackinac Island.
Protest Pullmans For Nazi POWs
ttiicii oume uuu u. o. umcers ana men, veterans oi inortn Airica
and Europe, arrived at Camp Beale, Calif., some of them expressed
their bitter feeling by means of this sign on the day-coach in which
they’d ridden for five days. They resented having to ride in crowded
coaches while German prisoners rod in pullmean cars. (International)
Wilmington Area May Get
More Meat By OPA Action
+ --
World’s Second Largest
Steel^ Mill Strike Bound
By The Associated Press
Strikes besieged the _ war-impor
tant steel industry yesterday, clos
ing the world’s second largest mill
and threatening to cripple opera
tions further in a Cleveland plant.
Ninety-six CIO United Steelwork
ers, operating narrow gauge rail
roads in the South Chicago works
of Carnegie-Ulinois Steel Corpora
tion, failed to report for work.
Their absence forced a shutdown
of the big U. S. Steel Corpora
tion’s subsidiary plant, employing
13,000.
Union officials could not
be reached for a statement but the
company said the walkout appa
rently was due to previous layoffs
of rail crews on a seniority basis
because another strike had left the
crews without work.
The Carnegi-Illinois dispute was
a large contributor to the nation’s
total of more than 53,000 idle in
labor troubles.
The South Chicago works is en
gaged exclusively in producing
steel for military use. Ninety per
cent of the army helmet steel origi
nates there. Its output also goes
into armor piercing shot, torpe
does, rifley and machine gun bar
rels.
In Cleveland, a work stoppage by
100 CIO United Steel Workers clos-1
ed Republic Steel Corporation’s
continuous strip mill and threaten
ed to shut, down finishing units
(Continued on Page Two; Col. 1)
V,
I_This Jap ‘Kamikaze* Was A Dud
r" —ri— .
Here is a once-in-a-lifetime picture, and the crew of the U. S.
destroyer Rail off Okinawa must have been still holding their breath
when it was made. It shows just the tail of a Jap suicide or “kami
kaze” plane that hit the ship and stuck in a doorway without explod
ing. Note that “Keep Out” sign there at the right.
__(International Soundphoto)
Japan Can Be Invaded
At Any Time, Geiger Says
_ 4r _
Papers In Lawsuit
Fill Truck Body
KANSAS CITY, July 6.—(/P>
—A truckload of lawsuit was
filed in Jackson County Cir
cuit Court today.
The action, involving 630
defendants in 40 Missouri coun
ties, required a stack of legal
papers 58 feet high and it took
a truck to haul them from the
printer to the courthouse.
Filed by Koy D. Keehn, re
ceiver for the Central Mutual
Insurance Company of Chica
go, the suit seeks to collect as
sessments against the compa
ny’s policyholders.
borenTharges
BIG SWINDLE ON
WASHINGTON, July 6.— UP) —
Rep. Boren (D.-Okla.) declared to
day a group of Wall Street bankers
and holding companies has
launched “a trick corporation
plan” for “swindling the Federal
taxpayer of billions of dollars.”
He told the House “shrewd
manipulators” have discovered
“ways of reaping fortunes” through
loopholes in the Holding company
Act which governs regulation of
the private utility industry.
Naming several persons and
firms, Boren referred to them vari
ously as a “Boodle Bund” and
Swindle, Inc.” He listed Guy C.
Myers, whom he identified as “a
Wall Street promoter with a ques
tionable past,” and Howard L.
Aller, president of the American
Power and Light Company, as
“chief investigators” of the pro
ject.
He made his accusation after be
ing named chairman of a special
House commerce subcommittee to
investigate operations under the
Holding Company Act. Reps. Mur
phy (D.-Pa.) and Reece (R.-Tenn.)
will serve with him.
Borne described the alleged op
erations as a “simple scheme.”
He said:
“Wall Street bankers would
convert the eighteen billion dol
lar private utility industry to a
form of tax free but fake public
ownership by the formation of
‘non-profit’ corporations. These
corporations then issue bonds
against the revenue of the prop
erty. But the bankers, in estima
ting annual revenue to determine
the amount of bonds that can be
issued include as revenue the
amount of money formerly collect
ed from customers and paid to the
Federal government.”
He said the former tax revenue
“would not be passed on to the
public in reduced electric rates,
out diverted to their own pockets
in the form of interest on these
revenue bonds.
“The stakes are high — this
oonanza x x x dwarfs the swag
of Teapot Dome. But with this
difference: It appears to be legal.”
-. V
DOUGHTON IS AGAINST
AUTOMOBILE USE TAX
WASHINGTON, July 6.— (iP> —
Automobile owners got a word of
heer today from Chairman Dough
on (D-NC) of the tax-framing
douse Ways and Means commit
ee.
He told the House “so far as my
/oice goes this is the last year
people will have to pay this ($5)
automobile use tax.” And win i
Doughton comes out against a tax
it usually means that’s the end of
:he tax.
However, he said the auto use
lax for the current year must be
paid.
New Marine Commander
In Pacific Praises
Air Forces
PEARL HARBOR, July 6.—(TP)—
Lt. Gen. Roy S. Geiger, the Ma
rines’ new commanding general
I in Pacific Ocean areas, said con
fidently today a big invasion
against the Japanese can be stag
ed any time the United Statel
wants to mass the forces to do it—
and “with no trouble at all.”
“It’s only a question now of wad
ing in and finishing this war,’’ he
said at a press conference.
“There is nothing very hard
against us.”
Successor to the post of Lt. Gen.
Holland M. Smith, Gen. Geiger
expressed the opinion it would be
necessary to invade Japan proper
to finish the war.
Reviewing the Okinawa cam
ipaign, where he served as com
mander of the Third Amphibious
Corps, he defended the strategy
employed in the closing phase.
Asked his opinion of criticism in
the United States because no sub
sidiary landing was attempted be
hind the enemy lines, Geiger said
he had proposed such a landing;
the proposal was studied by the
highest officers; the decision was
that the disposition of the troops
txxxv* uit oxxxjjjfc/xng avdUduic Jlldue
such a landing impractical.
“I think the proper course to
take was the one they took,” Geig
er added.
As the campaign closed, the Jap
anese were fighting among them
selves on Okinawa, Geiger said,
pointing out that the surrender of
7,500 combat troops and 3,400 la
bor troops showed the “weakening
Japanese morale.”
“At the beginning of the war, we
thought they were ‘super men,” ”
Geiger continued, “but at heart
they are cowards and they have
an inferiority complex. They have
not near the stamina we have and
have not the brains we have got.
“When they get into bad straits,
they kill themselves.”
Geiger looks for resistance by
civilians, including women, when
Japan is invaded.
“They won’t be any worry to
us,” Geiger said.
A number of women in uniform
were found on Okinawa.
Asked if he thought Japanese in
dustrialists would take over and
sue for peace when they see their
cities are being destroyed, he re
plied:
“The question Is whether the in
dustrialists will be able to get suf
ficient control. I believe they
would have stopped it before now
if they could.”
-V
FRENCH CLOSE BEACHES
PARIS, July 6 — (TP)— With 194
French children killed by mines
in the last two months, the gov
ernment announced today that all
seaside beaches would be closed
for the remainder of the summer.
TRUMAN, BYRNES PAY
TRIBUTE TO CHINA
WASHINGTON, July 6.—(tP)
President Truman and Secretary ol
State Byrnes paid tribute to China
today on the eighth anniversary of
the start of Chinese resistance to
Japanese aggression.
Because ,of the time differential,
the messages which the President
and Byrnes sent to Generalissimo
Chiang Kai-Shek and premier T.
V. Soong arrived in Chungking
July 7th, anniversary of the Marco
Polo Bridge incident at Peking,
which marked the beginning of
China’s long fight.
Mr. Truman told Chiang Kai
Shek he wished to reaffirm “the
deep friendship” of the American
people for China and “our admi
ration of the valiant struggle”
China has waged.
The President asserted that the
task of crushing Japanese milita
rism was “in its final phase.”
Secretary Byrnes told Dr. Soong
it was a privilege to honor “the
unconquerable spirit that has in
spired the Chinese people to carry
on so bravely despite long trials
and grievous sacrifices.”
VINSON TOlffiAD
U. S. TREASURY
WASHINGTON, July 6.-Tall,
rugged Fred Moore Vinson of Ken
tucky, Director of War Mobili
zation, will be the next Secretary
of the Treasury.
The White House made the an
noucement late today, abruptly
ending a swirl of speculation over
a successor to Henry Morgenthau
Jr„ who resigned yesterday.
President Truman had said he
had a man in mind for the post
but would not name him until he
returned from the Big Three con
ference in Germany several weeks
from now. *
Apparently Mr. Truman changed
his mind and settled the matter
today. A White House aide made
the announcement, disclosing that
the actual appointment will con
tinue in the post for the time being,
as announced yesterday.
Vinson, 55 years old, has had a
richness of governmental exper
ience few men ever achieve. He
has been an ace in the legislative,
judicial, and executive branches of
the government, all within the
space of a few years.
Now he is director of War Mo
bilization and Reconversion. As
soon as it became known that he
is the man who will take over
Morgenthau'r, job as chief of the
nation’s financial functions, ob
servers were quick to wonder
whether he will take into the
Treasury with him his present task
of “War mobilizer.”
Vinson is r.ot merely familiar
with taxes—he is known as an
honest-to-goodness tax authority.
Interesting to those who want
to know the snape of taxes to come
is the fact that Vinson has been
outspoken against any reductions
in tax rates until the end of the
Japanese war. In this, Vinson, Tru
man and Morgenthau were thor
oughly agreed
-V
De Gaulle To Confer
With Truman In August
PARIS, July 6—(JP)—The French
government announced today that
Gen. Charles De Gaulle would go
to Washington in August for con
ferences with President Truman.
Responsible quarters indicated
problems affecting France both
in Europe and overseas would be
the subject of their talks.
De Gaulle’s office said he had
accepted a formal invitation from
Truman.
(There was no immediate com
ment at the White House in Wash
ington).
Wilmington Delegation
Stymied At Washington
Members of the City Council yes
terday were unable to report that
any progress had been made in
their plans to delay reported ac
tion on the closing of Camp Da
vis, and disclosed that the Army
Air Forces advised them ‘‘in a
few short words,” that Camp Da
vis would be considered purely
from a military point of view.
Army Air Force officials ad
vised in Washington yesterday that
the status of Camp Davis as well
as various other camps through
out the country would be consid
ered at a meeting this afternoon.
However, Mayor Lane reported
by long distance last night that
the meeting would be in the form
of a closed hearing and Wilming
ton delegates would be barred.
They also were unable to attend
yesterday’s meetings, but were ad
vised that no decision would be
made before the next three or four
days.
Senator Josiah W. Bailey advis
ed last night that the conference
regarding status of Camp Davis
would be held at 2 p.m. Saturday.
In reply to an inquiry of the
Associated Press in Washington
on the possibility of a change in
the statue of Camp Davis, a spokes
man said “no action is being taken
in regard to closing Camp Davis
at this time as far as we know.”
Official circles in Washington
were pessimistic about the con
tinuance of the huge convalescent
center, and it was believed by
(Continued on Page Two; Col. 4)
VITAL SUPPLY
LINES CUT BY
U. S. PLANES
--* --
Bombs Tear
Tokyo Areas
MORE CITIES STORMED
Rail Lines Carrying War
Material From Man
churia Bombed
GUAM, Saturday, July 7—(U.R1—
More than 250 American planes,
carrying the pre-invasion assault
against Japan through its 31st day,
hammered the Tokyo area and
Kyushu yesterday, enemy reports
said, as field dispatches reported
iliat Navy planes had cut one of
Japan’s vital supply lines from
its Manchurian war arsenals.
Headquarters of the 21st Bomb
er Command disclosed that a total
of 120 square miles had been ,
burned out in 20 Japanese cities
since B-29 Superfortresses opened
their knockout offensive in March.
Eight cities with a population of
about 9,000,000 have been more
than 50 per cent destroyed.
A dispatch from United Press
Correspondent Russell Annabel on
Okinawa said Privateer planes of
Fleet Air Wing One, attacking the
interior of Korea for the first time,
cut the double-tracked Manchuria
railroad on Wednesday.
iiu, x uiiA uciu lias uccu uscu uy
the Japanese to move Manchurian
coal, iron and food to the big
South Korean port of Fusan, for
trans-shipment across the 135-mile
Tsushima Strait to Japan. The
Navy men destroyed six railroad
bridges and three tunnels at un
disclosed points.
Despite a tight aerial blockade
of the- straight, the Japanese were
believed to have been slipping sup
ply ships through from Korea by
night. Although they undoubtedly
will be able to repair the line in
a few weeks, the assault meant
the Americans were now out to
wreck overland lines in addition
to the sea routes, under almost
daily attack since the start of this
year.
Tokyo reported that the latest
attack on the homeland, now joined
by planes from Gen. Douglas Mac
Arthur’s Air Command operating
from Okinawa, was carried out by
a fleet of 90 planes which hit air
fields and other targets in the
Tokyo area a third successive day.
The enemy said 160 battered Kyu
shu’s “suicide” air bases.
Shortly after noon 90 Mustang
fighters from Iwo. led by a Super
fortress, hit airfields, military in
stallations and shipping East,
North and West of Tokyo, an en
emy broadcast said.
A force of 160 fighters, includ
ing Mustangs and Thunderbolts,
flew up from Okinawa to hit Kyu
shu during the early afternoon,
but “because of bad weather they
did not accomplish anything,"
Tokyo radio claimed.
Tokyo said the raids followed
flights earlier in the morning by
nine Superfortresses, which flew
over East Central Honshu, includ
ing Tokyo, apparently reconnoiter
ing for another heavy B-29 assault.
Photographic reports showed
that B-29’s, in the past 10 days,
had bacVy damaged two cities, four
aircraft factories, four industrial
plants an oil refinery and a mili
tary airport on Honshu, Kyu*
military airport on Honshu, Kyu
shu and Shikoku. Full reports still
nave to be received from a num
ber of other targets.
-V
FORDE ASSUMES TASK
OF PREMIERSHIP
CANBERRA, July 7—(U.R)—Army
Minister Francis M. Forde wa»
sworn in as Australian Prime
Minister by the Duke of Glouces
ter today, succeeding the late John
Curtin.
Forde was appointed ad interim
as ranking member of the Labor
Party. Party leaders were sched
uled to meet next Thursday with
Governor General the Duke of
Gloucester to select a party head
to succeed Curtin. The chosen party
leader will be asked to form a
new labor government.
Curtin’s body was flown to Perth
this afternoon for burial in his
home town of Cottesloe July 8.
The 2,000-mile flight across the
continent ended two days of of
ficial ceremonies mourning the
death early yesterday morning of
Australia’s popular wartime lead
er.
A state service in parliament
house preceded the flight. Curtin
lay in arr Oregon Oak casket on
a square red carpet laid in the
center of the great hall beneath
a brilliant spot light. Thousands
of Australians crowded the hall
and the streets outside.
• '<

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