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-- ot the North Carolina—Showers and scatter- ASSOCIATED PRESS ed thunder storms Wednesday and part- f *n^ **le ]y cloudy weather in the west. Not UNITED PRfcSS much change in temperature. With Complete Coverage ot __!___J State and National New* VOL. 78.—NO. 213.__WILMINGTON, N. C., WEDNESDAY, JULY 18, 1945 ESTABLISHED 1867 Truman And Churchill Meet President Truman (left) poses with Prime Minister Churchill (right) July 16 on the steps of the “Little White House’’ in the Berlin conference area. Both reached the German capital July 15 for their Biff Three conference with Generalissimo Stalin of Russia. (AP wfrephoto from Signal Corps Radiophoto). Monarchy Only Solution For Spain, Franco States By RALPH FORTE United Press Staff Correspondent MADRID, July 17.— (U.P.) —gen eralissimo Francisco Franco told the Spanish people by radio today that monarchy was “the only solu tion to the Spanish problem.” Franco said one of his gravest preoccupations in the last nine years had been to ensure that his succession was “in accordance with the will of the people and without imperilling the ords* of the nation.” The Spanish Dictator had been expected to announce sweeping cabinet changes. He did not. Nor did he say or do anything to con firm reports of a tendency to make the Falange less conspicuous in the government. Hus speech was addressed to the Falange Party Council and he Wore the party uniform. He arrived in a closed limousine with Jose Arrese, secretary general of the party who reportedly had sub mitted his resignation. All mem bers of the council wore Falange uniforms but they greeted Franco with the cry: “Franco! Franco! and at the conclusion of his speech shouted! “Franco! Spain!”, instead of the customary Falange cry of “Fran co! Falange!” Franco denounced Communism and scorned Democracy, declaring that civil war and outbreaks oc cur whenever Spain accepted po litical ideas from abroad. He said a republic had twice been the form of government in complete conflict wit hthe Spanish tradition. (Continued on Page Three; Col 2) WILMINGTON UNIT WINS GUARD FLAG FORT BRAGG, July 17.—Head quarters of the First Infantry Bri gade of the North Carolina State Guard announced this afternoon that the Second battalion of the Third Infantry regiment has been awarded the pennant as the most outstanding battalion of the brigade now in annual encampment here. The Second battalion, with head quarters in Wilmington, is com manded by Major Frederick Will etts. Staff officers are First Lieut. Harris W. Haskett; First Lieut. Peter H. Brask. supply officer, and Battalion Staff Sergeant Hooper Johnson, The four companies, forming the battalion are First, of Wilmington; Second, of New Bern: Fifth, of Kinston, and 11th of Lumberton. Captain Leo E. Sykes is comman der of the Wilmington unit, First Lieut. C. T. Farrow, executive of ficer and Lieut. Percy Canady, sup ply officer. The morale of the battalion is hnusually high, due to the high type of men in the North Carolina State Guard and the interesting training mey are now taking. To receive this award, the battalion must be me most outstanding in the bri gade. accomplished only by excel lent leadership and hard work, of ficials said. _ 17 m ater flown in POTSDAM, July 17. — (TP) — linking water for the occupants i resident Truman’s Little White ouse is flown in from France by rmy transports because the local 5uPPly is contaminated. weather" (Eastern Standard Time) 'By U. S. Weather Bureau) Ieteorological data for the 24 hours endm8 T30p . yesterday. temperature ‘,30a. 72; 7:30a. 74; l:30p.. 72; 7 :30p. 74. ?*>; Minimum 70; Mean 73; precipitation 2 71 • v 24 hours ending 7:30 p. m.— ‘ inches. 10 n*6* v'nce the first the month— inches. TIDES FOR TODAY It th.e Tide Tables published by '■'02st and Gedoedtc Survey) ui Hiph Lott * tnington - 4:09a. n :33a i'Lsorboro Inlet - l:3^a. 3:143. P S Mon® 5i,3: Sunset 7:28;2Moonrise 1 ^43 9 Moonset 12:23a. Continued on Pa^e Three; Col 1) FIRST TROOPS REACH MANILA DIRECT FROM EUROPEAN THEATRES MANILA, WEDNESDAY, July 18 —(A5)—More than 4,200 American veterans from Europe — first serv ice troops sent directly from the European theather to the Pacific —were in their new camp 35 miles south of Manila today. The 4,275 vets of Africa, Sicily and Italy landed on a muddy dock at dawn Tuesday, welcomed by two bands. These troops represented nearly all service brances of the Fifth Army. They comprised four companies of white soldiers the remainder negroes. Lt. Gen. W. D. Styer, command er of army forces of the Western Pacific, said this first direct re deployment from Europe was carried out in good shape and the morale of the men “is very good.’ He added he expected another transport later in the month "and thereafter we plan regular arrivals direct from Europe.” -V Farm Security Heads Hold Raleigh Session -r RALEIGH, July 17.—(J*)—A four day meeting of State, district and area supervisors of the Farm Se curity Administration in North Car olina and Virginia is underway at regional offices here. Under dis cussion are procedure, planning and supervision for the 1945-46 fis cal year. State Department Will In vestigate Story Re Hitler BUENOS AIRES. July 11—m— Cesar Ameghino, Foreign Minister of Argentina, told a press confer ence today that a report that one or possibly two submarines had been sighted off San Clemente Del Tuyu was “being investigated.” He said that the government’s only information regarding the re ports of submarines off the Ar gentine coast came from Ismael Mendez, telephone station man ager at San Clemente Del Tuyu. The Foreign Minister also de nied that there was any truth to reports that Adolf Hitler and Eva Braun had disembarked from German Submarine the U-530 sur rendered several days ago at Mar Del Plata, Argentine police and naval patrol planes had kept a constant watch along the coastline and that “an investigation of the course U-530 followed to our shores does not indicate it approached the coast until the day it showed up at the Mar Del Plata base. How ever, the vigilance of the Federal police was intensified and extend ed into the interior of Patagonia., even to Estancias owned by Ger mans.” U. S. WILL PROBE STORY RE HITLER WASHINGTON, July 17— (£>) — The State Department is going to check up on a report that Adolf Hitler and Eva Braun are hiding out in Argentina. It directed the U. S. Embassy in Buenos Aires to follow up a Chicago Times story from Monte video which said Hitler and his alleged wife have found haven in Patagonia. Argentina has assured other Al lied governments that it would not harbor Axis war criminals. The Chicago Times story was from correspondent Vincent Depas cal. He said he was virtually cer tain that Hitler and the woman he is supposed to have married in Berlin’s last days “are on an im mense, German-owned estate in Patagonia.” “The pair Teportedly landed on a lonely shore from a German sub marine which supposedly returned to surrender to the Allies,” De pascal wrote. Other stores have had Hitler put to death on his own orders. Some Germans claimed to have seen his and Eva Braun’s burning bodies in Berlin. Allied sources have not agreed definitely on what happened to them. _v_ AERO ENGINEER DIES IN FALL FROM 20TH FLOOR OF HOSTELRY CHICAGO, July 17—(U.R)—Arthur J. Sikora, 39, Wright Aeronauti cal Corp. engineer, plummeted to his death today from his room on the 20th floor of a hotel on Chi cago’s Loop. (Curtiss Wright officials in New York said late today there was “no evidence to support the theory expressed earlier that enemy agents may have been involved’’ in Sikora’s death. A statement by the company, made after further investigation, said Sik*>ra was in Chicago “on a purely routine as signment and his death appears to have occurred accidentally.”) Reports that Sikora, chief engi neer at the corporation’s Lockland, O., plant, might have been carry ing secret plans on engineering designs started officials on a search for a briefcase. Police Captain Thomas Duffy said the hunt had produced no evi dence that Sikora had brought a briefcase with him to Chicago. The report substantiated a statement by R. B. Macloon, of the Wright Engineering department. U.S. All But Completed Postwar Japanese Terms By ROBERT J. MANNING United Press Staff Correspondent WASHINGTON, July 17.—(U.R)— The United States has almost com pleted the terms which Japan will be required to meet after uncon ditional surrender, it was revealed tonight. They are much the same as those imposed upon Germany. They would give the Allies immediate control of the Japanese military machine and war industry and would force the enemy to yield all conquered territory, including Man churia, Korea and Formosa. The terms cover the initial phas es of occupation. Permanent con trols would be worked out by the l United Nations later. A high quarter reiterated that Japan will be occupied—that un der no cirumstances will the Unit ed Nations send only a token force into the islands. This source em phasized that occupation is the on ly weapon which will convince the Japanese that they have been beat en. Sen. Homer E. Capehart, R., Ind. reently asserted that the Japs had put out peace feelers and he de manded that the government define the terms which Japan must meet. But Acting Secretary of State Jo seph C. Grew denied there had been peace offers, either official or unofficial. He reiterated that U. (Continued on Page Three; Col 3) 150 INJURED IN LAKE SHIP FIRE Two Hundred Others Es cape As Flames Sweep Liner SARNIA, Ont., July 17 — CA») — Fire swept the cruise ship Hamonic at a dock here today forcing 350 passengers and crew members to scrambel over her sices to safety. The list of those injured in Falls, sliding down ropes or suffering from burn* was expected to ex ceed 15C. Nearly ten hours after the fire broke out no loss of life had been reported. Tonight the Hamonic lay, a smoking hulk, her superstructure burned away and her bow jam med into the St. Clair River bank. The flames razed 1,000 feet of two story Canadian National Rail way storage sheds and destroyed 12 loaded and 21 empty freight cars. George Andrew, harbor master at Point Edward, where the Hamonic had docked this morning to take on cargo estimated total damage from the fire would reach $2,000,000. The 5,265-ton Hamonic, 360 feet long and one of the larger Great Lakes passenger — freight ships operated by the Canada Steam ship Lines left Windsor, Ont., and Detroit last night enroute to Duluth Minn. Aboard were 220 passengers and 130 crew members, with 80 to 85 more passengers scheduled to board her here this afternoon. Shortly after the Hamonic dock ed at Point Edward, while loading operations were under way, an ex ploison occurred in a gasoline en gine on the dock. Flames “spread terrifically fast,” a loading crew foreman said, shooting to the root of the sheds and then leaping to the Hamonic’s upper deck. Aboard the Hamonic, Capt. Horace Beaton, in command of the 37 - year - old craft, ordered mooring lines severed and the lin er backed downstream about 100 yards. Staying on the bridge with flames leaping about him,. Capt. Beaton rammed the Hamonic into the river bank. The liner’s whistle shrieked a fire alarm and her crew directed passengers to remain aboard until the craft was beached. By the time tne vacationists were driven by flames and smoke to jump over board or slide down ropes and cables, the Hamonic was close to shore. Some instances of panic were reported. Frederick Moede of Wyandotte. Mich., said he start ed his wife down a cable, but as he followed, two women leaped on his shoulders and all three fell into the water. passmTeFcars POOLED FOR ARMY WASHINGTON, July 17—f»—The armed forces today got first call on virtually all of the nation’s rail way passenger cars. The Office of Defense Transpor tation has placed all passenger coaches, baggage and express cars in a big pool to be available on demand for the use of the armed services. The action does not automatically curtail service available to ci vilians, but sets up the mechanics for making more passenger equip ment available for use in the re deployment of troops from Europe to the Pacific. And in the end the agency emphasized, there will be Less equipment for civilian use. The order, which affects more than 30,000 cars of various kinds, provides that they be used for such purposes as the ODT may direct. This means that the agency may jrder any car affected by the order nto any service. And as the im pact of redeployment increases, DDT said, it probably will become recessar; at times to cancel reg ilarly scheduled passenger trains. However, Vice President C. H. 3uford of the Association of Amer can Railroads said “an effort will ie made to select equipment in i way that will avoid the need !nr /licp nntinninfr regular trains out right." ‘‘This order,’’ said Buford in a statement, “makes it mandatory 'or the railroads to do the things hey have been doing on a volun ;ary basis and that is, furnish equipment for the movement of military personnel in preference ;o civilian business. “Present plans contemplate a large increase in military move ments which will call for the use of passenger equipment in excess of any previous demands and the needed equipment will have to be withdrawn from civilian service Erom time to time. “It is hoped that ways can be found to meet the military needs without unduly crippling any par ticular area.” ODT said in its announcement, “travel will become more uncom Eortable than ever before.” Director J. Monroe Johnson again appealed to the public to avoid all .innecessary rail trips, and predict Continued on Page Three; Col 3) WAR AGAINST JAPAN FLARES WITHUNPRECEDENTEDFURYAS YANK GUNS POUND INDUSTRIES Where The Big Three Conference Is Being Held President Truman, Prime Minister Churchill, a nd Generalissimo Stalin yesterday began confer ences around this table in the former Palace of Kai ser Wilhelm of Germany in Potsdam, a suburb of Berlin. President Truman sat in chair numbered 1; Stalin occupied number 2, and Churcbdl had number 3. (AP Wirephoto from Signal Corps Radiophoto). President Truman Presides Over First Meeting Of Big Three; Jap Peace Rumors Circulate In London Official Circles Hold Little Credence In Wild Reports LONDON, July 17.— (U.R) —Per sistent but wholly unconfirmed re ports circulated in the Londor Stock Exchange today that Soviet Premier Josef Stalin had received a Japanese peace offer for submis sion to the Big Three meeting at Potsdam, Germany. Although reports of peace feel ers have been discredited in Al lied official quarters and Tokyc repeatedly had denied that any have been projected, most Far Eastern observers in London now are debating how, rather than when, Japan will surrender. Theii talk centers around what Japan will accept and whether Japanese leaders would be able to command a general surrender if they should decide upon it. It is unanimously agreed, how ever, that there is little likelihood of a Japanese surrender immedia tely short of one development— Russia’s entry into the war. If this should happen, it considered hard ly possible that the Far Eastern war could last long. Undoubtedly, Russia would be able to engage and defeat the Manchurian and Korean armies. At one stroke, Japanese indus trial potentials in these areas would receive a death blow. But if Russia does not align directly with the Allies against Japan, the struggle might well drag on for a long time. The Pacific War is a campaign of pockets. There are hundreds of small footholds over the vast, sprawling theater. There are indi cations that as the war approaches (Continued Ml Page Three; Col 5) _v TWO MORE CHILDREN ARE FEVER VICTIMS IN ROBESON COUNTY LUMBERTON, July 17. — Two deaths caused by Rocky Mountain spotted fever were reported today by Dr. E. R. Hardin, Robeson county health officer. The victims were one Indian child and a Negro baby. These deaths bring to three the number killed by the dreaded di sease in this community during this summer. They are the only cases reported in Robeson since 1942, when they were three fatal ities. Delma Cobbs, 18-month old daughter of Levaster Cobbs, Neglo of Proctorville, died July 13 at a local sanatorium, where she had been a patient for a week. James Mack Hunt, 13, son of Mr. and Mrs. Forest Hunt, an In dian couple of Fairmont, Route 3, died at a local hospital July 1. The third victim was a white child, Carolina Tyner, six-year-old daugh ter of Mr. and Mrs. B. L. Tyner. Lumberton, Route 4, whose death July 7, previously had been re ported. <f-— Three Cuban Army Men Die In Crash WASHINGTON, July 17.—(JP) —The Cuban Embassy said to day three officers of the Cuban army en route to Washington were killed in an airplane crash near Charleston, S. C. yesterday. An embassy spokesman nam ed the officrs as: Major Nicolas Rlvro; Captain Roberto Henderson, and lieu tenant Ricardo Zorilla. The embassy was without in formation on the cause of the crash, or the exact mission on which the officers were coming to Washington. They were re *vu u,m«5 •* r GRANBOLDPAR] l IN SENATE SP IT WASHINGTON, July 17 .—(£>) Senate Republicans split wide over the Bretton Woods World Bank fund today, one group wanting to have nothing to do with it and another back'ng it as a benefit to the U. S. and the world. The plan calls for a $9,100,000, 000 International Bank to make or guarantee loans for rehabilitation and economic development and an $8,800,000,000 fund to stabilize cur rencies. Senator Taft (R-Ohio), resuming his all-out fight against the legis lation on the Senate floor, summed up his arguments: 1— That the dollar is “the only stable” currency and before long all American dollars subscribed to the fund will be grabbed up and there will be a scarcity. 2— That the U. S. will be forced “into the moral obligation of lend ing more and more money abroad.” Senator Hart (R-Conn). former Admiral, joined Taft’s forces. He (Continued on Page Three; Col 3) r - First Session Of Parley Lasts But 90 Minutes; News Blotted By MERRIMAN SMITH United Press Staff Correspondent POTSDAM, July 17.—(U.R)—Presi dent Truman, Prime Minister Win ston Churchill and Marshal Josei Stalin opened their momentous Big Three conference at a plenary meeting today and, dispensing with formalities at the President’s re quest, got to work at once on the sweeping program of world pro blems they are to discuss. Meeting one day late due to Sta lin’s delay in arriving, the Big Three got together at last at £ p.m. and met for 90 minutes. Churchill and Stalin paid the President the honor of naming hirr presiding officer for all meetings The Three Allied leaders discuss (Continued on Page Three; Col 4; --v TEACHERS OF STATE TO GET $10 MONTH INCREASE IN PAJ RALEIGH, July 17—(TP)—Assist snt Budget Director R. G. Deytor said tonight that the huge revenue: collected by the state during the fiscal year which ended June 3( had left a surplus in the general fund sufficient to pay all state employees and school teachers an emergency salary of $10 a mon h. The emergency salary, in ye form of a bonus, was authorized on a contingent basis by the 1945 General Assembly and hinged only on whether enough surplus funds were left in the general fund' at the end of the fiscal year to pay it. Deyton estimated the emer gency salary would cost the state $4,200,000. The salaries will be paid month ly, beginning with the current month, to all full-time teache/i and state, employees who earn $3, 600 a year or less. Labor Wars Continue To Plague U.S. Business By The Associated Press Labor disputes continued t o plague the nation yesterday keep ing in idleness more than 4o,000 workers, but for millions of news paper readers there was a ray of sunshine in the settlement of the strike of 1,700 deliverymen on New York’s 14 major dailies. For 17 days 13,000,000 readers in the New York area had gone with out delivery of their newspapers for the longest period since a nine day strike of pressmen in 1923. The strike ended, and first de liveries were made, after the daily newspaper commission of the War Labor Board premised an immedi ate hearing would be^ held to con sider the strike issues if the men returned to work. The principal issue was a union demand lor establishment of a welfare found for union members to be set up by the publishers. Aside from the New York agree ment, there were no other settle ments announced yesterday, but several new work stoppages push ed the graph of idle workers up to 41,716, compared with 36,000 on Monday. Still unsettled in the printing trades were work stoppages on five other newspapers involving a total of 248 workers. These includ ed the Jersey Journal Jersey City, 40 workers Bayonne, N. J., Times, 18; The Fort Wayne, Ind., Journal (Continued on Page Three; Col 5), t I |g 2,000 Plane Attack Hits Four Cities HITACHI SHELLED Iowa, Other Warships Hurl 55,000 Pounds Minute On Plants By RAY CRONIN Associated Press War Editor The war against Japan flared with unprecedented fury Tuesday as American warships trained their big guns on a vital industrial center only 80 miles from Tokyo soon after some 2,000 planes had heavily lashed the sprawling cap ital region and four cities. Close to 500 Superforts opened the attacks before dawn. Then some 1,500 American and Britisii carrier planes roared in on the heart of the war -batted empire. An hour'before mid-night the Yank warships, spearheaded by the super-battleship Iowa with her 16 inch runs, boldly steamed close to the East Coast of main Honshu is land and ripped the industrial city of Hitachi with thousands of tons A-f oil All* The warships, striking the Japa nese homeland for the third time within four days, still were spew ing hot steel ashore when Fleet ' Adm. Chester W. Nimitz reported the attack. In an earlier announce ment the Admiral made it clear that Japan was undergoing pre-in. vasion assaults. An NBC correspondent, reporting from a battleship off Hitachi as the big guns sent Salvo after Salvo in to war industries, said the shells were pouring ashore at a rate of 50,000- pounds a minute. And to all this the Japanese of fered only token resistance. At Hitachi the warships hammer ed some of Japan’s most vital war plants—cooper smelters and re fineries, factories making plane parts and other armaments. The city is 80 miles Northwest of Tokyo. The carrier planes, about 1,500 < strong, took off at dawn to hammer 7 airfields and other important tar gets around the vast Tokyo region. Preceding them were the Super forts. The B-29’s spilled fire bombs on three Honshu industrial cities and one on Kyushu. Meanwhile Nimitz disclosed that naval airmen from the powerful Third Fleet’s carriers, chalked up this box score as they lashed Hon shu and Hokkaido islands over the week-end: 374 surface craft and 120 loco motives knocked out; 37 planes destroyed and 45 damaged; rail lines shot up. American losses totaled 24 planes (Continued on Page Three; Col 6) BELGIUM AGAINST LEOPOLD RETURN BRUSSELS, July 17 —UP)— The Belgian Chamber of Deputies vot ed overwhelmingly today to con tinue the Regency under Prince Charles and to prevent King Leo pold III from re-assuming the throne without parliamentary con sent. The vote was 98 to six, with 32 members abstaining. The bill, introduced by Premier Achille Van Acker, now goes to the Senate for action, probably tomorrow. The chamber gave Van Acker’s measure speedy approval after he ^ criticized Leopold’s arguments against abdication — declarations which the Prime Minister said were reminiscent of those employ ed by Belgium’s pre-war Fascists. Leopold, in a letter sent from St. Wolfgang, Austria, to his broth er, Prince Charles, declared he was ready to bow to the will of the people, but wished that their decision be determined in a gen eral elation. Criticizing the parliament, three fifths of whose members favor abdication, Leopold attacked what he called “a lack of coordination between Parliament and the na tion, which does not permit me to know the exact situation.” Van Acker, reading the letter to a noisy assembly of deputies as serted that “the government con siders that the distinction made between parliament and the nation recalls sorrowfully the opposition created by certain groups” before the war. Leopold said Parliament mem bers opposing his return were act ing contrary to the wishes of a majority of Belgians.