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1«pI Wtlmtngfcm iiumtwg mar 1^: VOlT^-NO. 214. WILMINGTON, N. C., THURSDAY, JULY 19, 1945 _ESTABLISHED 1867 “Brownout” Blots News Of Meeting BIG three confer Informal Calls By Truman Marks Busy Day At Potsdam Bv DANIEL DE LUCE POTSDAM, July 18.—(JP)-Three veterans of old battlefields—Presi dent Truman, Premier Stalm, and prime Minister Churchill—confer red again late today, with Allied victory in the Pacific a pressing goal This second formal meeting of ,h Big Three was as heavily blanketed by security as yes terday’s. but the trend of thought among the American and British delegations seemed to make it cer tain that the ways and means for Japan's defeat would be fully air ed before the Soviet leader. Earlier in the day, Truman, conferred separately with Chur chill and Stalin. The day’s events indicated the leaders were agreed upon reach ing as promptly as possible full agreement on the issues fac ing them — issues upon which a speedier end of the war with Jap an and the future peace of Europe may depend. Trrman. the nresidina officer of the tri-power sessions, seeks as his chief goals a quicker triumph ovei Japan and the bulwarking of peace through solution of long-standing disputes. He lunched today at 1 p.m. with Churchill, and then later with Sta lin. He was accompanied at the second luncheon by Secretary ot State James F. Byrnes, his close friend and an experienced negotia tor. Under cloudy skies, the presi dent walked from his residence to the local equivalent of No. 1( Downing Street, and was greeted at the gate by Churchill and hi! soldier-daughter, 'Mary, an an nouncement from the British dele gation said. Fifty troops of the second battal ion of Scots Guards formed an hon or guard on the tree-shaded lawn, and a Royal Marine band struck up the Star Spangled Banner. Truman and Churchill talked cor dially on the terrace while photo graphs were taken, and then lunch ed inside at a table set for two. When Truman was leaving, Byrnes emerged from British Foreign Sec retary Anthony Eden’s house next door, where he had lunched, and met the President at the entrance. The British delegation did not say how long Churchill and Truman iPnntimiAfl nn Pooro Throo • Pol 1\ U. S. ADDS 1,322 FIGHTING SHIPS WASHINGTON, July 18.— W — Marking the fifth anniversary of the "Two Ocean Fleet,” the Navy revealed tonight that 1,322 fighting ships have been added to its forces of around 1,500 fighting ships, the biggest navy in history, ready to support the invasion and force the Japanese enemy to its knees. Added to the 383 combatant ships on hand on July 1, 1940, and de ducting the 140 announced com batant ship losses, brings the total to 1.565 fighting ships. From this must be deducted an undisclosed number transferred to Allied nations under lend lease. And the job is not yet done. Building yards, Navy and private, 5rc still at work completing the building program now grown to a "five ocean program,” and a total of 23 ships remain on building schedules. The record five year construction Program included 331 ships built in Navy yards and 991 in private shipyards. Navy Yard construction included seven battleships, five *ucraft carriers, seven escort earners, a heavy cruiser, 58 de stroyers,15 5 destroyer escorts, and 88 submarines. The bulk of the remaining pro gram is due for completion this year and next, with a few units •Continued on Page Three; Col. 4) WEATHER (Eastern Standard Time) M By XJ. S. Weather Bureau) «^leteoroIogical data for the 24 hour ending 7:30 p„ yesterday. o Temperature 11.0a, 72; 7:30a. 74; 1 ;30p. 84; 7:30p. 7" •uaxiumum 85; Minimum 71, Mean 78 formal 79. . Humidity l-Ca. 89; 7:30a. 94: l:30p. 66; 7:30p. 8^ Precipitation in v for 24 hours ending 7:30p —0.1 ‘“‘‘nes. Total since the first of the month inches. Tides For Today r°m the Tide Tables published by X. '-oast and Geodedtc Survey) . High Tow "umingtcn . 5:C0a. 12.05; 5:46p. 12.23i onhoro Inlet _ 3:34a. 9:57; ~ . 4:23p. 10:47] r Ln/lse 5:14: Sunset 7:22; Moonrise 2:2 p- ^oonset 12:54a. 'Continued on Page Three; Col 2 One Bedroom Door Is Divorce Exhibit LOS ANGELES, July 18.—' .) —A bedroom door was the chief exhibit today in the di vorce hearing of Mrs. Ermina Roohan against Joseph Roohan. Explaining several splintered marks on the door, she said her husband often threw butch er knives at her during quar rels, and that once, after toss ing knives at her and failing to force her from her bedroom, he sprayed water from a hose through the window. Among other things, Mrs. Roohan charged that her hus band: Threw at her a chop which she was frying. Told her he planned to elec trocute her. Put all her clothes in the bathtub and turned on the wa HALIFAX BUSTS KILL THIRTEEN At Least Eleven Others Injured When Dumps Blow Up HALIFAX, Thursday, July 19— (IP)—At least 13 persons were killed and 12 injured last evening in a series of explosions which wrecked the Royal Canadian naval arma ment depot near here and started a raging fire that threatened early this morning to spread to the main magazine. The blasts, beginning with a great concussion which shook the Halifax area for m'les around a: 6:35 p.m., forced the evacuation of about 10,000 people from the danger area. The total number of casualties still was uncertain but a Canad ian Naval officer, Lt. Comdr. Wil liam Scalter, said he believed thal no one in the magazine area in the immediate vicinity of the firs‘ blast could have survived. Fig ures on how many were working in the magazine at the time were unavailable. Blasts continued to rock the na val depot at intervals, with a ter rifice detonation at 12:20 a.m. which was even louder than the first explosion. Every truck, military and civil ian, was pressed into service in the Dartmouth area, across the harbor from here, to move people from the danger zone. The Nortn end of Dartmouth is close to the magazine. Fire boats rushed to the scene, i wmi, vx v. iviuiuiuvui vfiJiv.ii n vv a o found the blaze was uncontrol lable. From the Bedford side of the basin flames could be seen reach ing 150 feet into the air. There was no official explanation I of the cause of the initial blasts, which was said to have consumed hundreds of tons of explosives. An unconfirmed report, however, said it was touched off when a barge unloading at the naval magazine caught fire. The scenes recalled the 1917 dis aster here, when an ammunition ship exploded in the harbor, kill ing 1,600 persons. As each explosion occurred pro jectiles were hurled into the air over Bedford Basin. Some of them were snowflake rockets used for illuminating targets during the war at sea. A duty officer at headquarters of Military District No. 6 said the first blast was in the main magazine and added that three large fires and two small ones were burning at the depot. Ambulances rushed to the scene and an Army public relations of ficer said the first casualties had been taken to the hospital of the Army Anti-Aircraft Training camp at Bedford, about five miles around Bedford Basin from the magazine. He said he was unable to say how many there were. The armament depot is made up of small, isolated brick buildings in which depth charges, shells and propellants for the Navy are kept. Large mounds of earth surround most of the buildings containing explosives. PRINTERS DISPUTE UNDER ADVISEMENT BY WLB COMMISSION CHICAGO, July 18—(A3)—The War Labor Board newspaper commis sion took under advisement today a dispute case between the AFL International Typographical Union and the Baltimore newspaper pub lishers. ’ The day-long hearing dealt large ly with the controversial issue ol whether the 1945 union laws of ; the ITU should be recognized by the publishers as the union de • mands. . Woddruff Randolph, ITU presi dent, said the ITU laws "cannot be - arbitrated under any circumstan ces and the inclusion of the ITU laws (in a contract) is not arbi trable; they have to be there.” J. Stephen Becker, assistant ■ business manager of the Baltimore [' News-Post, speaking for the pub i lishers, asserted that "there has 9 been’ no unqualified acceptance of the union laws by the Baltimore ) publishers in the past.” Chinese Mow* Down ScttA Of Jar % HARD BATTLE hAGES Swaying Fight At Kweilin Limits Holds War Spotlight CHUNGKING, July 18.—m~ Six Chinese army columns, mowing down hundreds of Japanese troops in gains up to 12 1-2 miles, con verged on Kweilin today while, spearheads fought through subur ban gun positions protecting the city’s three former American air fields the Chinese High Command Reported. Recapture of the biggest U. S. 14th Air Force base in South-Cen tral China appeared near as Gen eralissimo Chiang Kai-Shek’s war riors swept toward the Kwangsi Province capital on a 140 - mile front. .Three hundred miles to the East —on the Eastern flank of Tokyo’s transcontinental corridor from Korea to Hong Kong — Chinese troops captured the Kiangsi Pro vince highway center of Kanhsien four days after rewinning its out lying airbase, a communique said. At Kweilin, 350 miles southeast of Chunking, a bitter swaying battle raged in the city’s outskirts near its three airfields as vanguards struggled to penetrate the Japa nese defense lines, while major forces noved toward Kweilin from the south, southwest, west, north and northeast. The Chinese command gave this picture of the fighting for Kweilin: From the south one column, ap parently operating behind Japanese lines east of the Hunan-Kwangsi railroad, captured Liangfeng, 14 miles below the provincial capital. Liangfeng is only a mile from the railroad and its occupation threat ened to cut the retreat of Japa nese holding forces fighting in the Yungfu area, 31 miles southwest of Kweilin. A 'second column, in the mean time, was threatening Yungfu and yesterday was only two miles away (Continued on Page Three; Col. 6) DOCTORS OFFER 14-POINT PLAN CHICAGO, July 18. — (A5) — Physicians of the United States rep resented by the American Medi al Association today proposed a 14 point program for “extending to all people in all communities the best possible medical care.” The program’s objectives include improved housing, nutrition and sanitation fundamental to good health, a medical survey in each state, an extensive disease pre vention campaign and increased hospitalization insurance “on a vol untary basis.” The program, adopted by^ the Council on Medical Service and Public Relations and the Board of Trustees of the A.M.A., was pub lished today for the first time in the A.M.A. journal. “The constitution of the United States, the Bill of Rights and the ‘American way of Life’ are di ametrically opposed to regimenta tion or any form of totalitarian ism,” the program’s preamble as serted. In the same issue, the A. M. A. journal discussed “the forces now promoting the mechanism for medical service incorporated in the Wagner-Murray-Dingell bill” and declared that “compulsory sickness insurance leads to regimentation and totalitarianism.” The new program predicted that “private enterprise and initiative manifested through research may conquer cancer, arthritis and other as yet unconquered sources of hu mankind.’’ The program’s objectives were listed as: 1. Sustained productions leading to better living conditions with im proved housing nutrition and sani tation which are fundamental to (Continued on Page Three; Col 1) i American Carrier Aircraft Bomb Remnants Of Jap Fleet Hiding At Big Yokosuka Naval Station ‘Hercules/ World’s Largest Plane, Unveiled This (top) is the hull of the Hughes "Hercules,” described by its builders, the Hughes Aircraft Com pany at Culver City, Calif., as the largest plane in the world now under construction. The hull is 220 feet long, 30 feet high, and 25 feet wide. At the bottom is a view of the huge wing which is 320 feet from tip to tip and is 13 feet thick at the hull. The plane, built entirely of wood at a cost of $20,000,000, will be powered by eight engines, each developing 3,000 horsepower. When completed, the ship will have a gross weight of more than 200 tons. (AP Wirephotos),__ Solid Phalanx Of Democrats Flatten Opposition To Bretton Woods Bill _ — ..— .i. _ “LORD HAW HAW” GETS TRIAL STAY LONDON, July 18.— UPh-1William Joyce1—better known as the one time Nazi radio’s “Lord Haw Haw” —gained postponement of his trea son trial until September after pleading toaa.) for more time to investigate records bearing on his contention that he was born in the U. S. and was never a British subject. Challenging Britain’s right to try him as a traitor to the King, Joyce, through his counsel, argued that the “matter of nationality plainly arises in its strongest form in this case—not only the nationality of Joyce but that of his father.” Defense Attorney Curtis-Bennett sprang a surprise in revealing to the old Bailey Court that certain documents—their contents kept se cret—had been found m Hudson County, N. J. After today’s introduction of the documents relating to Hudson County, Jersey City reported that a William Joyce was born there on July 26, 1906. Defense counsel, however, sug gested indirectly that the New Jer sey records possioly related to the citizenship application of Joyce’s father. The U. S. Attorney General’s of fice in Washington already has said it would “grab him quick” if Joyce gained freedom in British courts. Q NAVY, COAST GUARD AIDING SEARCH FOR MISSING 2-YEAR-OLD MARSHFIELD, Mass., July 18 —(.R)—A navy blimp and a Coast Guard helicopter droned to and fro above beaches and brush-covered areas today in search of two-year old Judy Geagan, missing since last night. Firemen, policemen, Coast guardsmen and citizens searched a 13-mile stretch of the coast for the little girl, who disappeared at about 7 o’clock last n’ght while her mother was washing the dinner dishes. A little more than a year ago, 10-y e a r-old Frances McGrath, vanished in this same area. Frances’ ravished body was found weeks later. Judy’s parents, Mr. and Mrs. William Geagan, had come here from Medford, a Boston suburb, for a two weeks vacation. A Massachusetts State Eolice communications officer wentjaloft in the blimp, with Special radio apparatus to enable him to main tain contact with the police detail on the ground, where bloodhounds aided searchers. -V REVIEW SENTENCES WASHINGTON, July 18. — OR)— Life sentences imposed on two ~i erican soldiers in China on a court martial conviction of killing a 72 year old Chinese woman will be reviewed by the War Department. WASHINGTON, July 18 — (£>) — A solid phalanx of Democrats and a handful of Republicans flattened opposition to the Bretton Woods Monetary legislation in its first Senate, test today. Rallying to the call of Demo cratic* Leader Barkley (Ky), the Senate rejected, 52 to 31, a mo tion by Senator Taft (R-Ohio) to postpone action on xhe House-ap proved Fund-Bank bill. The result apparently indicated early Senate approval of the meas ure without major amendments. The legislation would authorize United States participation in a $9, 100,000,000 World Bank to help nations finance reconstruction and an $8,800,000,000 fund to stabilize currencies. > Taft asked that action be post poned until Nov. 15 to await the convening of a world trade con ference by the proposed United Na tions Organization. Ind the meantime, he argue emergency economic aid to Europe will be channeled through the Ex port-Import Bank and lend-lease operations. He cited unanimous ap proval by the Banking committee earlier in the day of a House-pass ed bill boosting the export-import Bank’s capital from $700,000,000, to $3,500,000,000. Barkley replied that because 65 per cent of the 44 nations which took part in the Bretton Woods Conference must signify their of ficial approval of the Bank-Fund setup before Dec. 31, adoption of the Taft motion would kill the agreement. He contended another (Continued on Page Three; Col. 3) Former President Herbert Hoover Calls On Senate To Ratify United Nations Security Charter Now By EDWIN EMERY United Press Staff Correspondent SAN FRANCISCO, July 18.—(U.R) Former President Herbert Hoover tonight called upon the Senate to ratify the United Nations Charter, but said tl\e United States delegate to the Security Council should be “in some way responsible to Con gress before our country is com mitted to war.” The nation’s only living former President, in an address prepared for delivery to a nation-wide radio audience (CBS), characterized the San Francisco charter as “better than Dumbarton Oaks and probab ly as good as could be obtain ed ” “It should be ratified by the Senate,” he said. "Mr. Hoover said ratification c|: the Charter involves few commit ments by America beyond those entered into by our representative on the Security Council—a post to be filled by former Secretary of State Edward R. Stettinius. “While there need be little worry about our representative using our military forces for minor police in cidents,” Mr. Hoover said, "Vet the Congress should never part with its powers to declare war.” He pointed out that under the British and French parliamentary systems, the vote of their Security Council representatives will be the view of their legislative arms, and said Russia is "a totalitarian gov ernment where the vote of their representative will be determined in Moscow.” “We alone have- such a sepa ration at the powers of govern ment that ours is the only delegate on the Security Council who might commit his country to war without the consent of the legislative arm,” Mr. Hoover said. “His authority should be defined so that the delegate is in some way responsible to Congress before our country is committed to war.” Mr. Hoover said the Charter alone cannot insure lasting peace, "the foundations for which must also be laid in the economic and political settlements among nations by which this war is to be liqui dated.” Russia, Britain and the United States are primarily respon sible for those settlements, he said. “In any event,” he predicted, “for 25 years after the victory over Japan, all of the nations of the world will be absorbed in restor ing their internal economy and in re-establishing their standards of living. During this period the world should be able to work out the problems of lasting peace.” But he warned that the only basis for peace would be the re-estab (Continued on Page Three; Col 5) Ships Attacked Heavily With Torpedoes Despite Hot Antiaircraft Fire BELGIAN PARLIAMENT EXILES LEOPOLD BY SENATE MAJORITY BRUSSELS, July 18—OF)—Leo pold HI, King of the Belgians who refused to abdicate voluntarily, was made an exile by law today by Parliament. The Belgian Senate passed 77 to 58, the measure already approved by the Chamber of Deputies which prevents the absent King from returning to the throne until Parlia ment consents. It is still to be signed as a formal ity by the Regent and brother of Leopold, Prince Charles. The bill continues the Regency of Prince Charles, who has been serv ing in that capacity while his broth er pondered in his Bavarian villa about what to do. Unless there is a change of gov ernment or a change of heart by Prime Minister Achille Van Ac ker’s cabinet, Leopold will be un able to set foot on Belgian soil legally until Parliament consents. ROTARY OFFICERS GATHER THURSDAY NEW BERN, July 18.-1-M. 'Eu gene Newsom, of Durham, past president of Rotary International, and six past district governors will be on the program for the all-c’»r session of Rotary club presidents and secretaries in this area Thurs day at Centenary Methodist church, it has been announced by W. B. Weaver, of Spray district governor. Because of the wartime travel restrictions, there are being held three district assemblies in dilu ent parts of the state this year, in stead of the customary statewide unit assembly, to acquaint the club officers with the year’s objectives. Registration will begin at 9 a.m. and the program will get'undevway at 9:30 with the singing of Ameri ca. The Rev. F. Hubert Morris, Presbyterian minister, will ask the invocation. Welcome will be extend ed by C. L. Carter, president of the New Bern club. Five talks are scheduled for the morning: remarks by W. B. Weav er and John A. Holmes, of Edenton, immediate past district governor; “How to make club service work more effective,” by H. Dennetl Jones, of Graham; “How to make vocational service a more effective part of the club program,” by Irv ing Morgan, of Farmville; anc “How we can intensify community service,” by William B. Kiker, oJ Reidsville. The last three are alJ past governors. New Bern Rotarians will join the visitors for lunch. Newsom will be the luncheon speaker, on the subject, “How Can We Promote In ternational Service in Our Clubs.” For the afternoon, six talks are listed: Rotary foundation, by Pas1 District Governor Robert W. Mad ry of Chapel Hill; New Clubs, by Past District Governor Hal S. Orr of Rocky Mour^; Club Presidents, by Holmes; Club Secretaries, by Charles L. McCullers of New Bern; “Pull Down the Shade,” by L. Vic Huggins, president of the Chapel Hill club; and a closing message from the governors. A boat trip up Trent river will follow. -V UNION OFFICIALS CLAIM SHIPYARD MEN NEED PLENTY MEAT SEATTLE, July 18.— UP)—Ship yard workers here are “stumbling, weak and groggy’’ on their jobs for lack of meat in their diet and the sick list and accident rate have increased heavily the past three months, Charles Berger, sick steward of Local 104 of the AFL Boilermakers said today. The sick list was about 300 in April, but now is over 400. “Besides that,’’ Berger told re porters “the accident rate is up 30 per cent, the safety departments tell me.” Berger and Joe Clancy, union secretary, said the local’s mem bers have been bombarding the state’s Congressional delegation for three weeks with requests for additional red points for shipyard workers. “Men just can’t do that heavy work without good food,” Clancy added. f \ - Nimitz Communique Says No Report On Damage Available By LEIF ERICKSON Associated Press War Correspondent GUAM, Thursday, July 19—m— American carrier aircraft discov ered remnants of the Japanese navy hiding in possibly the most obvious place — Yokosuka naval base in Tokyo bay—and attacked heavily yesterday with bombs and torpe does despite adverse weather and accurate, intense antiaircraft fire. Yokosuka naval base, one of the emnire’s largest, is at the mouth of Tokyo bay, only about 18 miles Southeast of the capital city. Fleet Adm. Chester W. Nimitz, announcing the attack, said "no report of damage to targets is yet available.” He also reported that both Am erican and British carrier planes, comprising the world’s greatest striking force, carried their as saults on the Tokyo region into the second successive day yester day and that an American cruiser destroyer force steamed close in shore to shell Nojima Cape, only 50 miles Southeast of Tokyo at the entrance to Tokyo bay. ,, The bombardment carried Into the third straight day the fleet’s attack on the Tokyo region. The shelling, begun at 11 p.m., Wed nesday night, Tokyo time, con tinued until early this morning (about noon Wednesday, Eastern War Time.) Nimitz also disclosed that while coordinating their attacks, Ameri can and British carrier planes struck separate targets in Tues day’s combined 1,500 aircraft as sault. British aircraft crossed Honshu to strike its Western coast, North of Tokyo, in the first carrier plane attack on Western Honshu. Remnants of Japan’s once great navy—reduced by repeated defeats (Continued on Page Three; Col 7) TWO LOSE LIVES IN BUS ACCI ;NT RICHMOND, Va„ July 18.—Ml— A Greyhound bus carrying 50 per sons broke through an undermined bridge across normally small Gil lies Creek within the city limits of Richmond in pre-dawn darkness today and was swept a hundred yards downstream by flood waters. Only two persons were killed and none of the other* was injured seriously. Soldiers and sailors among the passengers broke windows and peo ple climbed out to swim to safety or to cling to the top of the almost submerged bus until rescued. Cap tain 0. D. Garton of Richmond police said about 15 inches of air space above the water in the bus enabled the people to live until they could extricate themselves. Five hours after the accident oc curred police and firemen remov ed the body of Donna Jean Ham mell, a three-months-old infant at 9 a.m. The body of Pfc. Julius R. Slofkin, 29, Transportation Corps., Camp Patrick Henry, Brooklyn, on his way home on fur lough, was found shortly after noon when the bus was pulled to shore with cables. Identification was ; made by officers of McQuire Gen i eral Hospital. Forty-six persons were treated at the medical college of Virginia Hospital, but most were quickly re leased. Many of them were suffer (Continued on Page Three; Col. J) Distillers Can Make Alcohol During August WASHINGTON, July 18 — — Distillers will be permitted to con. tinue manufacture of beverage alcohol during August under action taken by Secretary of Agriculture Anderson today in allocating grain . for that purpose. Industrial alcohol manufacturer* previously were allowed to resume making beverage alcohol during July. Anderson allocated 2,500,000 bushels of grain other than corn, but including malt, for distillers’ use during August—an amount suf. ficient, department officials said, to permit them to operate between 20 and 25 per cent of capacity.